Clinical and demographic factors associated with post-lung transplantation survival in individuals with cystic fibrosis

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Authors: Stephenson, A.L., Sykes, J., Berthiaume, Y., Singer, L.G., Aaron, S.D., Whitmore, G.A., and Stanojevic, S.

Publication: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation

Abstract: 
Background Contemporary studies evaluating post-transplant survival are limited and often include data from single centers or selected sub-groups. The purpose of this study was to evaluate overall transplant survival and to identify risk factors associated with death after transplant. Methods The Canadian Cystic Fibrosis Registry, a population-based cohort, was used to describe survival after lung transplant. Pre-transplant factors associated with post-transplant survival were estimated using Cox proportional hazards models. Results Between 1988 and 2012, 580 patients received a lung transplant. In the entire cohort, post-lung transplant 1-year survival was 87.8%, 5-year survival was 66.7%, and 10-year survival was 50.2%. Median post-transplant survival was 3.3 years (95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.13-6.56) in patients infected with Burkholderia cepacia complex compared with 12.36 years (95% CI = 10.34-17.96) in patients without B cepacia infection (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.63, 95% CI = 2.0-3.44). After adjustment, there was a non-significant trend toward better post-transplant survival with increasing year of transplant (HR = 0.98, 95% CI = 0.96-1.00). Pancreatic sufficiency (HR = 2.13, 95% CI = 1.41-3.20) and age at transplant such that youngest and oldest had the poorest survival (p < 0.001) were significant negative predictors of survival. The risk of death after transplant for patients infected with B cepacia was highest within the first year (HR = 6.29, 95% CI = 3.87-10.21) but remained elevated >1 year after transplant (HR = 1.92, 95% CI = 1.33-2.77) compared with patients without B cepacia infection. Conclusions After lung transplantation, 5-year survival in Canadians with CF is 67%, and 50% of patients live >10 years. Despite these impressive probabilities, age at transplant, pancreatic sufficiency and B cepacia infection remain important determinants of survival after lung transplantation. © 2015 International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation.

Read full article: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, September 1, 2015