William Dawson Chair
New Chancellor Day Hall
3644 Peel Street
Canada H3A 1W9
marie.manikis [at] mcgill.ca (Email)
Marie Manikis is an Associate Professor and William Dawson Scholar at the Faculty of Law of McGill University where she teaches Criminal Justice, Sentencing, Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure. She is a member of McGill’s Centre for Human Rights and Legal Pluralism and the International Centre for Comparative Criminology.
Professor Manikis’ scholarship is interdisciplinary, comparative, and uses social science methodologies to advance the available knowledge in criminal law and criminal justice. Her research interests include criminal justice and sentencing, and particularly aspects that relate to victim participation, prosecutorial discretion and accountability, bail and pre-trial detention, as well as principles of Indigenous participation (Gladue principles).
She has received several awards and prizes for her scholarship, including the Principal’s Prize for Outstanding Emerging Researcher (2019), the Fondation du Barreau du Quebec’s award for best articl(2018), and the Faculty of Law’s Research Merit Award (2017). She has received research grants as a principal investigator, including SSHRC, FRQSC, Fondation du Barreau, and France-Canada Research Fund.
Her research has been published in leading peer-reviewed journals and was presented at several conferences and seminars. It has also informed consultation reports provided for the Department of Justice in Canada, the Ministry of Justice in England and Wales and the Canadian Senate.
She completed a DPhil in law in 2014 at the University of Oxford where she compared the enforcement and redress mechanisms available in England and Wales and the United States in response to victims’ rights breaches. Her doctoral thesis was supported by the SSHRC, the FRQSC, the Maple Leaf Trust, the Peter Birks fund and the Modern Law Review.
During her doctoral studies, she taught graduate tutorials in criminal justice at the Centre for Criminology at the University of Oxford and was a Visiting Researcher at Harvard Law School. Prior to this, she practiced law in Montreal and clerked for a Superior Court Justice.
Professor Manikis is interested in supervising graduate and postdoctoral students working on topics that relate to victims, sentencing, criminal law and criminal justice.
- Marie Manikis, “Conceptualizing the Victim in England and Wales and the United States Within a Spectrum of Public and Private Interests” Oxford Journal of Legal Studies (forthcoming)
- Marie Manikis and Jess De Santi, “Punishment and Retribution Within the Bail Process: An Analysis of the Public Confidence in the Administration of Justice Ground for Pre-Trial Detention” (2020) Canadian Journal of Law and Society (in press)
- Marie Manikis and Jess De Santi, “Punishing while Presuming Innocence: A Study on Bail Conditions and Administration of Justice Offences in Quebec” (2019) 60:3 Cahiers de droit 873-904.
- Marie Manikis, “A New Model of the Criminal Justice Process: Victims’ Rights as Advancing Penal Parsimony and Moderation” (2019) 30:2 Criminal Law Forum 201-223.
- Marie Manikis, “Contrasting the Emergence of the Victims’ Movements in the United States and England and Wales” (2019) 9:2 Societies 35-53.
- Marie Manikis and Daniel Pascoe, “Making Sense of the Victim’s Role in Clemency Decision-Making” (2018) International Review of Victimology.
- Marie Manikis, “Expanding participation: A comparative approach to victims as agents of accountability in the criminal justice process” (2017) 1 Public Law 63-80.
- Marie Manikis (with Peter Grbac), “Bargaining for Justice: The Road Towards Prosecutorial Accountability in the Plea Bargaining Process” (2017) 40:3 Manitoba Law Journal 85-110.
- Marie Manikis, “Towards Accountability and Fairness for Aboriginal People: The Recognition of Gladue as a Principle of Fundamental Justice that Applies to Prosecutors” (2016) 21 Canadian Criminal Law Review 164-184.
- Marie Manikis, “The recognition of prosecutorial obligations in an era of mandatory minimum sentences of imprisonment and over-representation of Aboriginal people in prisons” (2015) 71 Supreme Court Law Review 277-300.
- Marie Manikis. “Imagining the future of victims’ rights: A comparative perspective” (2015) 13:1 Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 163-186.
- Marie Manikis, “Victim Impact Statements at Sentencing: Towards a Clearer Understanding of their Aims” (2015) 65:2 University of Toronto Law Journal 85-123.
- Marie Manikis (with Julian V. Roberts), “Victim Personal Statements: Latest (and last) Trends from the Witnesses and Victims Experience Survey in England and Wales” (2013) 13:3 Criminology and Criminal Justice 245-261.
- Marie Manikis, “Navigating through an obstacle course: The complaints mechanism for victims of crime in England and Wales” (2012) 12:2 Criminology and Criminal Justice 149-173.
- Marie Manikis, “Recognizing Victims’ Role and Rights During Plea Bargaining: A Fair Deal for Victims of Crime” (2012) 58:3-4 Criminal Law Quarterly 411.
- Marie Manikis (with Julian V. Roberts), “Recognizing ancillary harm at sentencing: A proportionate and balanced response” (2011) 15:2 Canadian Criminal Law Review 131-144.
- Marie Manikis (with Julian V. Roberts), “Victim Impact Statements at Sentencing: The Relevance of Ancillary Harm” (2010) 15:1 Canadian Criminal Law Review, 1-29.
Peer-reviewed book chapters
- Marie Manikis, “Comparative Perspectives on Victim Participation in Justice Proceedings” in E Erez and P Ibarra (eds), The Oxford Encyclopedia of International Criminology (OUP) (in press)
- Marie Manikis, “Role of the Victim at Sentencing” in D Cole and JV Roberts, Sentencing in Canada: Law, Policy and Practice (Irwin Law, 2020) (forthcoming)
- Marie Manikis, “Comparative Perspectives on Victim Participation in Justice Proceedings” in E Erez and P Ibarra (eds), The Oxford Encyclopedia of International Criminology (forthcoming)
- Marie Manikis, “Conceptualizing the victim within criminal justice processes in common law tradition” in D Brown et al. (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Criminal Process, (Oxford University Press: Oxford 2018)
- Marie Manikis, “The Difficult Road to Accountability: A Study on Complaints Mechanisms to Investigate and Address Victims’ Rights Violations” in J. Desrosiers, M-E. Sylvestre and M. Garcia, Criminal Law Reform in Canada: Challenges and Possibilities (Yvon Blais, 2017).
- Marie Manikis, “Criminal Justice and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms” in JV Roberts and M Grossman (eds), Criminal Justice in Canada: A Reader, 6th ed. (Thomson: Toronto 2020)
- Marie Manikis, “Criminal Justice and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms” in JV Roberts and M Grossman (eds), Criminal Justice in Canada: A Reader, 5th ed. (Thomson: Toronto 2015)
- Marie Manikis, “Criminal Justice and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms” in JV Roberts and M Grossman (eds), Criminal Justice in Canada: A Reader, 4th ed. (Thomson: Toronto 2011)
Other research journals
- Marie Manikis, “Recent Developments on Victim and Community Participation in Criminal Justice” (2019) 12 Victims of Crime Research Digest (Department of Justice Canada)
- Marie Manikis, (with Jo-Anne Wemmers), « Le dédommagement dans le système de justice pénale » (2017) Research in Brief, Justice Canada, (forthcoming).
- Marie Manikis and Ivana Isailovic, « Au delà des catégories? Les nouvelles normes en matière de changement de sexe » (2016) 4 Contours, 70.
- Marie Manikis, “A comparative overview of victims’ rights, enforcement mechanisms and redress in England and Wales and the American Federal jurisdiction” (2013) 6 Victims of Crime Research Digest
- Marie Manikis (with Julian V. Roberts), “Victim Impact Statements in Canada: Recent Guidance from the Courts of Appeal” (2012) 5 Victims of Crime Research Digest
- Marie Manikis, « Les tribunaux d'arbitrage civils islamiques en Ontario », 1:1 International Legal (2005) Perspectives, Canadian Lawyers Abroad
- Marie Manikis, Report on Judicial Delays in Criminal Proceedings (Ottawa: Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, 2016)
- Marie Manikis, The Canadian Victims Bill of Rights: A Policy Analysis and Interpretation (Ottawa: Office of the Federal Ombudsman for Victims of Crime, 2014)
- Marie Manikis (with Julian V. Roberts), Victims’ Needs and the Development of Outcome Measurements (London: Ministry of Justice of England and Wales, 2012)
- Marie Manikis (with Julian V. Roberts) Victim Personal Statements at Sentencing: A Review of the Empirical Research (London: Office of the Commissioner for Victims and Witnesses of England and Wales, 2011)
- Marie Manikis, Research findings and legislation on victims’ rights in Canada (Ottawa: Senate of Canada, 2011)
Contributions to public life, media and editorials
- Marie Manikis, “The search for reconciliation through accountability”, Policy Options, 7 April 2020.
- Marie Manikis, Interview “Quebec court declares mandatory minimum sentence unconstitutional for Aboriginal accused”, The Lawyer’s Daily, 22 April 2020.
- Marie Manikis, Interview on the role of victims in England and Wales and comparative perspectives, The Economist, 21 May 2019.
- Marie Manikis, « Améliorer les relations entre les plaignant.e.s et le système de justice pénale », Le Devoir, 16 January 2019.
- Marie Manikis, Interview on victim impact statements at sentencing, CBC News, 30 January 2019.
- Marie Manikis, Interview on the role of victim impact statements, Canadian Press, 30 January 2019.
- Marie Manikis, Interview on Quebec’s proposal for specialized sexual violence tribunals, The Lawyers Weekly, 28 January 2019.
- Jeffrey Kennedy and Marie Manikis, “What weight to give victims’ sentencing recommendations”, The Gazette, 24 April, 2018.
- Marie Manikis, Interview on joint submissions at sentencing following R. v. Anthony-Cook, 2016 SCC 43, The Lawyers Weekly.
- Marie Manikis (with Kaitlyn O’Shaughnessy), “The Mandatory Costs of Mandatory Minimum Sentences in Canada”, Oxford Human Rights Hub, 19 April 2016.
- Marie Manikis (with Julian Roberts), “Mandatory minimum sentences don’t work. They can’t work”, The Gazette, 13 January 2016.
- Marie Manikis (with Marion Vannier), “Life Without Parole sentencing violates human rights”, The Gazette, 1 April 2015
- Marie Manikis, “Where are the rights in the proposed Victims Bill?”, The Globe and Mail, 7 April 2014
- Marie Manikis, Interview on Bill C-32 and its implications, The Globe and Mail, 4 April 2014
- Marie Manikis, Interview on Bill C-32 and its impact in criminal law, The Lawyers Weekly.
- Marie Manikis, National Webinar for the Victims Justice Network: “Victim Impact Statements: Past Present and Future”, 2014
- Marie Manikis, Consultation on a Proposed Federal Victims’ Bill of Rights, Ottawa: Department of Justice (September 2013).
- Marie Manikis, Consultation on Improving the Code of Practice for Victims of Crime, London: Ministry of Justice (April 2013).
- Marie Manikis, « Procureurs de la Couronne : une vague de départs désastreuse est à craindre » La Presse, 23 February 2011
- Marie Manikis, “Une Couronne sans joyaux : les conséquences d’une justice secondaire au Québec” Droit-inc, 24 February 2011
- DPhil (Law) University of Oxford (2010-2014)
- MSt (Law), University of Oxford (2009-2010)
- LL.M., Osgoode Hall Law School (2008-2009)
- Member of the Quebec Bar (2007)
- LL.B. (Hons.), University of Montreal (2003-2006)
- William Dawson Chair, McGill University (2019- )
- Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, McGill University (2019- )
- Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, McGill University (2013-2019)
- Researcher (2009-2013), Tutor (2012), Centre for Criminology, University of Oxford (2009-2013)
- Teaching Assistant, York University (2008-2009)
- Lawyer (litigation) (2007-2008) and legal intern (2005-2007)
- Judicial Clerkship, Superior Court of Quebec (2005-2006)
Areas of interest
Criminal law, human rights, victims, sentencing and criminal justice.