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BOOK: Hans-Peter Haferkamp, Die Historische Rechtsschule [Studien zur europäischen Rechtsgeschichte 310] (Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann, 2018). € 59.00. ISBN 978-3-465-04332-4

lun, 01/08/2018 - 16:03
(Source: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History)
The Max Planck Institute for European Legal History has just announced a new book on the Historische Rechtsschule (published by Klostermann).
Enough books have been written about the German Historical School to fill entire libraries. Nevertheless, it is still difficult to determine who should be counted as a member of this school and who should not. One reason is that the traditional historical method, which dominated German legal historiography in the 20th century for quite some time, left marks that are still visible today. Eras have been interpreted through leading figures that supposedly matched the respective zeitgeist. The German Historical School has been identified with Friedrich Carl v. Savigny ever since. As a result, the research was focused on Savigny almost to the complete exclusion of his pupils.As a group phenomenon, the German Historical School remains an amazing terra incognita to this day. This work attempts to reconstruct the German Historical School for the first time as an academic school and thereby as a context of communication for a great number of legal scholars. Three fields of legal activity within which the German Historical School presented itself as a unified whole will be examined: the jurist as a teacher, as a legal scholar and as a judge.
Vorwort | IXA Einleitung | 1
I. Gans’ Frage | 1
II. Ausgangsüberlegungen | 16
III. Sondierung des Feldes | 18
B Von den Römern lernen | 31 | 1
I. Hugos Reformmodell von 1789 | 31
II. Didaktische Aufbruchsstimmung 1790–1803: Hugo, Haubold, Savigny | 51
III. Das Civilistische Magazin als erster Sammlungsort | 60
IV. Warum tote Rechte lehren? Die Geltungskrise des Jahres 1806 | 62
V. Der Aufstieg der Pandektenvorlesung | 77
VI. Eckpunkte eines gemeinsamen Lehrkonzepts | 95
C Das Recht im Römischen Recht | 111
I. Wissenschaftliche Konturen der Schule bis in die 1820er Jahre | 112
II. Krisendebatten seit den 1820er Jahren | 139
III. Methodologische Selbstvergewisserungen seit den 1830er Jahren | 171
IV. Die »christlich-historische Schule« – Ergebnisse | 264
D Der Gelehrte auf dem Richterstuhl | 269
I. Justizkritik um 1800 | 269
II. Erziehungsfragen in preußischer Perspektive | 272
III. Anhänger der Historischen Rechtsschule als Richter | 280
IV. Verwissenschaftlichung des Gerichtsgebrauchs | 284
V. Der Richter im wissenschaftlichen Kommunikationsprozess | 299
VI. Rechtspolitische Grenzgänge: Die Justiz als Garant bürgerlicher Freiheit? | 305
VII. Ein gemeinsames Justizkonzept? – Ergebnisse | 310
E Wendepunkte | 313
I. Das Ende einer Ära | 313
II. Zusammenbruch der Leitsätze der Schule | 315
III. Das Ende des Ausbildungsideals | 322
F Die Historische Rechtsschule als Schule | 325
Abkürzungen | 331
Literatur | 335
Personenregister | 387
Abbildungsnachweise | 393

For more information, see the website of the publisher.

(Source: Legal History Blog)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

ESIL CONFERENCE PRE-CONFERENCE CALL: Consumers or Producers of international law? Non-European experiences with the law of nations in comparative perspective (DEADLINE 15 MAR 2018)

lun, 01/08/2018 - 12:49
(image source: Travelodge)
The path from the European law of nations to a universal system of international law has attracted wide scholarly attention in the past decade. A variety of approaches have challenged the narrative of a European system that simply expands and covers most of the planet in the late 19th century. For example, scholars identifying with the TWAIL movement (Third world approaches to international law) have criticized modern international law as a product of western imperialism and colonialism. Building from this critique, other scholars have begun to ask how non-European conceptions and influences shaped and re-formed the European law of nations on its path towards becoming a global system. How can we read non-European jurists, lawyers, state leaders and peoples as producers, not just consumers, of international law?
Politicians, lawyers and activists from non-European countries are now seen as more than mere vessels through which the tradition of the European law of nations was stamped into new contexts. Rather, scholars now explore the impact of local elites in shaping the way international law was received into their regions. But to what extent were they successful in shaping international law as a whole? We need a stronger analytical framework to explore the broader picture and a more precise understanding of how each region’s or nation’s encounter with international law shaped both their own experience and aspects of the international system. 
The Interest Group for the History of International Law wants to support this emerging interest in contrasting and comparing regional experiences and invites scholars at every stage of their career to share insights on any angle of these developments, without geographic or temporal limitation.
Possible questions include:
  • What were the legacies of those regions and civilisations that had their own systems and traditions of law prior to the imperial encounter with Europe and its law of nations? Are there common patterns in how regional or imperial systems responded to their encounter with European international law, perhaps shaped by shared history, culture or religion, or was each experience specific and unique?
  •  If elements of Roman law or the European feudal order are recognized as precursors to features of modern international law, should extra-European legal systems be looked at in a similar way?
  • Can we detect a difference between international legal doctrine and state practice in analyzing these encounters?
  • What were the roles of specific fields of law, be it the acquisition or transfer of territory, the settlement of international disputes, the norms and expectations regarding the conduct of war and the conclusion of peace agreements, the legal status and experiences of foreign merchants, officials or travelers or the process of entering the emerging universal system of public and secret diplomacy?

Abstracts must be submitted no later than 15 March 2018 to on behalf of the Steering Committee of the Interest Group, which shall collectively supervise the blind peer-review process of the abstracts. Applicants will be notified on the outcome of the selection process by 30 March 2018.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Stephen Winter and Chris Jones, Magna Carta and New Zealand : History, Politics and Law in Aotearoa (Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017). $ 109,00. ISBN 978-3-319-58439-3

lun, 01/08/2018 - 00:02

(Source: Palgrave Macmillan)
Palgrave Macmillan has recently published a book on the influence of Magna Charta on the legal history of New Zealand.
ABOUT THE BOOKThis volume is the first to explore the vibrant history of Magna Carta in Aotearoa New Zealand’s legal, political and popular culture. Readers will benefit from in-depth analyses of the Charter’s reception along with explorations of its roles in regard to larger constitutional themes. The common thread that binds the collection together is its exploration of what the adoption of a medieval charter as part of New Zealand’s constitutional arrangements has meant – and might mean – for a Pacific nation whose identity remains in flux. The contributions to this volume are grouped around three topics: remembrance and memorialization of Magna Carta; the reception of the Charter by both Māori and non-Māori between 1840 and 2015; and reflection on the roles that the Charter may yet play in future constitutional debate. This collection provides evidence of the enduring attraction of Magna Carta, and its importance as a platform of constitutional aspiration.TABLE OF CONTENTS
“… a Document of Our Times.” Magna Carta in Aotearoa New Zealand, Jones, Chris (et al.), 3-20Magna Carta and Memorialization: The Perils of Historical Anniversaries, Diggelmann, Lindsay, 23-44Myths and History: The Treaty of Waitangi as “The Magna Charta of New Zealand”, Williams, David V, 45-64Magna Carta and a Paradox of Authority, Sharp, Andrew, 67-88Symbol and Myth: Magna Carta in Legal and Public Discourse About Law and Rights in New Zealand, 1840−1940, Finn, Jeremy, 89-109The Politics of Magna Carta and the Ancient Constitution in New Zealand, 1642–c.1860, Kemp, Geoff, 111-131The Myth of the “Māori Magna Carta”, Tau, Te Maire (et al.), 133-152Mekana Tata: Magna Carta and the Political Thought of Aperahama Taonui, Kamau, Laura, 153-159The Utility of a Medieval Charter in New Zealand Litigation: The Case of the Magna Carta, Breach, Lindsay, 161-180Magna Carta and the Righteous Underdog in Modern Popular Culture, Milne-Tavendale, Anna, 181-203Magna Carta’s Promise: Strengthening the Declaration of Rights-Inconsistency, Winter, Stephen, 207-227Mana and Magna Carta: Locating New Legacies for a Medieval Charter in Post-colonial Aotearoa New Zealand Jones, Chris, 229-251Tear it up? Challenging the Charter, Winter, Stephen (et al.), 255-263
For more information, see the website of the publisher 

(Source: Portail universitaire du droit)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Eds. Lauren A. Benton, Adam Clulow, and Bain Attwood, Protection and Empire : A Global History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017). £ 85.00, ISBN 9781108417860

jeu, 01/04/2018 - 16:30
(Source: Cambridge University Press)
Cambridge University Press has recently published a book on the legal history of protection across empires
For five centuries protection has provided a basic currency for organising relations between polities. Protection underpinned sprawling tributary systems, permeated networks of long-distance trade, reinforced claims of royal authority in distant colonies and structured treaties. Empires made routine use of protection as they extended their influence, projecting authority over old and new subjects, forcing weaker parties to pay them for safe conduct and, sometimes, paying for it themselves. The result was a fluid politics that absorbed both the powerful and the weak while giving rise to institutions and jurisdictional arrangements with broad geographic scope and influence. This volume brings together leading scholars to trace the long history of protection across empires in Asia, Africa, Australasia, Europe and the Americas. Employing a global lens, it offers an innovative way of understanding the formation and growth of empires and uncovers new dimensions of the relation of empires to regional and global order.
Lauren Benton, Vanderbilt University, TennesseeLauren Benton is Nelson Tyrone Jr Professor of History and Professor of Law at Vanderbilt University, Tennessee. She is a comparative and world historian whose research focuses on law in European empires, the history of international law, and Atlantic world history.Adam Clulow, Monash University, VictoriaAdam Clulow is a Senior Lecturer at Monash University, Victoria. He is a global historian whose work focuses especially on European interaction with Tokugawa Japan and the maritime history of early modern Asia.Bain Attwood, Monash University, VictoriaBain Attwood is Professor of History at Monash University, Victoria. He has published extensively on the history of settler colonialism.
Part I. Protecting Subjects, Projecting Power:1. Protection and the chanelling of movement on the margins of the Holy Roman Empire Luca Scholz2. Containing law within the walls: the protection of customary law in Santiago Del Cercado, Peru Karen B. Graubart
Part II. Conquest Reconsidered:3 Webs of protection and interpolity zones in the Early Modern World Lauren Benton and Adam Clulow4. Plunder and profit in the name of protection: royal Iberian armadas in the early Atlantic Gabriel De Avilez Rocha
Part III. Protection and Languages of Political Authority:5. Protection as a political concept in English political thought, 1603–1651 Annabel Brett6. Limited liabilities: the corporation and the political economy of protection in the British Empire Philip J. Stern7. From nurturing to protection in nineteenth-century Japan David L. HowellPart IV. Protection and Colonial Governance:8. Protection claims: the British, Maori and the islands of New Zealand, 1800–1840 Bain Attwood9. Protecting the peace on the edges of empire: commissioners of crown lands in New South Wales Lisa Ford10. British protection, extraterritoriality and protectorates in West Africa, 1807–1880 Inge Van HullePart V. Protection in an Inter-Imperial World:11. Between imperial subjects and political partners: Bedouin borders and protection in Ottoman Palestine, 1900–1917 Ahmad Amara12. Protection by proxy: the Hausa-Fulani as agents of British Colonial rule in Northern Nigeria Moses E. Ochono13. The problem of protectorates in an age of decolonisation: Britain and West Africa, 1955–60 Barnaby Crowcroft.

For more information, see the website of Cambridge University Press
(Source: International Law Reporter)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOB: University Assistant (Prae Doc) at the Department of Legal and Constitutional History (University of Vienna); DEADLINE 23 JANUARY 2018

jeu, 01/04/2018 - 16:14
(Source: University of Vienna)
The Legal History Blog has reported the following job opening
University Assistant (prae doc) at the Department of Legal and Constitutional History (Closing on January 23)
The University of Vienna (15 faculties, 4 centres, about 174 fields of study, approx. 9.500 members of staff, more than 94.000 students) seeks to fill the position as soon as possible of aUniversity Assistant (prae doc) at the Department of Legal and Constitutional History.
The department is part of the Vienna Law School. The function of the department is research and academic teaching in the scope of Legal- and Constitutional history (focusing on history of private and constitutional law.). The department services about 1.500 students each year.

More information can be found at the websiteof the University. 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Pierre Thévenin, Le monde sur mesure : une archéologie juridique des faits (Paris: Classiques Garnier, 2017). 36,00 €. ISBN 978-2-406-06898-3

jeu, 01/04/2018 - 16:07
(Source: Classiques Garnier)
Classiques Garnier has published a book on the juridical conception of facts by Pierre Thévenin
En étudiant la conception juridique des faits au prisme des interprétations scolastiques puis romantiques du droit romain de la possession, cette étude croise l’histoire du droit savant et la philosophie contemporaine, au gré d’une critique de l’idéalisme allemand.-With a focus on the Romantic and scholastic interpretations of the Roman law of possession, this study inquires into the juridical conception of facts. Offering a critique of German idealism, it explores the history of legal thought as a resource for contemporary philosophy.
Liste des abréviations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    9Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   11
ACCOSTER LA JURISPRUDENCEPenser par lots. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   39La règle et l’idée. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   65Toucher l’histoire. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   99Deux Royaumes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  127Dépaysements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  159
HABILLER LES FAITSLa possession. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  173La baignade au même fleuve. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  201Emprises. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  223Fictum Factum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  247Attester la puissance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  269
Conclusion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  315Principaux juristes médiévaux cités. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  321Bibliographie. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  323Index des notions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  349Index des noms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  351

For more information, see the websiteof the publisher 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Tamar Herzog, A Short History of European Law : the Last Two and a Half Millennia (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2018). € 25,00. ISBN 9780674980341

jeu, 01/04/2018 - 15:50
(Source: Harvard University Press)
Harvard University Press has published a new book on the general history of European legal systems.
To many observers, European law seems like the endpoint of a mostly random walk through history. Certainly the trajectory of legal systems in the West over the past 2,500 years is far from self-evident. In A Short History of European Law, Tamar Herzog offers a new road map that reveals underlying patterns and unexpected connections. By identifying what European law was, where its iterations could be found, who was allowed to make and implement it, and what the results were, she ties legal norms to their historical circumstances, and allows readers to grasp their malleability and fragility.Herzog describes how successive European legal systems built upon one another, from ancient times through the establishment and growth of the European Union. Roman law formed the backbone of each configuration, though the way it was understood, used, and reshaped varied dramatically from one century and place to the next. Only by considering Continental civil law and English common law together do we see how they drew from and enriched this shared tradition.
Expanding the definition of Europe to include its colonial domains, Herzog explains that British and Spanish empires in the New World were not only recipients of European legal traditions but also incubators of new ideas. Their experiences, as well as the constant tension between overreaching ideas and naive localism, explain how European law refashioned itself as the epitome of reason and as a system with potentially global applications.
About the author:
Tamar Herzog is Monroe Gutman Professor of Latin American Affairs and Radcliffe Alumnae Professor in the History Department at Harvard University, and Affiliated Faculty Member at Harvard Law School.
Table of Contents:
Introduction: The Making of Law in Europe
Part One: Ancient Times
1. Roman Law: Now You See It, Now You Don’t2. The Creation of Latin ChristendomPart Two: The Early Middle Ages3. An Age with No Jurists?4. Lords, Emperors, and Popes around the Year 1000
Part Three: The Later Middle Ages
5. The Birth of a European Ius Commune6. The Birth of an English Common Law
Part Four: The Early Modern Period
7. Crisis and Reaffirmation of Ius Commune8. Crisis and Reinvention of Common Law9. From Ius Gentium to Natural Law: Making European Law Universal I
Part Five: Modernity
10. North American Developments11. The French Revolution
Part Six: The Nineteenth Century
12. Codifying the Laws of Europe: Making European Law Universal II13. Codifying Common Law
Epilogue: A Market, a Community, and a Union
NotesFurther ReadingAcknowledgmentsIndex

More information to be found on the siteof the publisher 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Phillip Drew, The Law of Maritime Blockade : Past, Present, and Future (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). $ 99.95, ISBN: 9780198808435

jeu, 01/04/2018 - 15:37
(Source: Oxford University Press)
Oxford University Press is publishing a book dealing i.a. with the legal history of maritime blockade this month.
Although appearing to be a relatively benign method of warfare when viewed from a distance, a close examination of maritime blockade unveils a sinister character that can, in cases where countries are highly reliant on imports of foodstuffs to feed their populations, prove incredibly deadly, particularly for the young and elderly. This book is unique in that it is the only contemporary book that is dedicated to the study of the law of maritime blockade in the context of modern humanitarian law.
Reviewing the development of blockade law over the past four centuries, The Law of Maritime Blockade provides a historical analysis of the law as it emerged, tracing its evolution through armed conflicts between 1684 and the present. Referring to the starvation caused by the blockade of Germany during World War I and the humanitarian crisis caused by the sanctions regime against Iraq (1991-2003), this book demonstrates that blockade can have extremely deleterious effects for vulnerable civilian populations. In this context the current law of blockade is examined, and found to be deficient in terms of its protection for civilians. Recognizing and advocating that blockade should remain as a valid and effective method of warfare, the book offers a template for a modern law of blockade maritime blockade that incorporates many of the traditional aspects of the law, while reducing the possibilities that blockades can cause or exacerbate humanitarian disasters.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction2. Maritime Neutrality Law3. The Law of Contraband4. The Historical Practice of Blockade5. Blockade Law6. Blockade and the Civilian Population7. International Humanitarian Law and Blockade8. Blockade in Non-International Armed Conflict9. International Human Rights Law and Blockade10. Conclusions and RecommendationsAppendix: Model Law of Blockade
For more information, please visit the siteof the publisher. 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Douglas A. Irwin, Clashing over Commerce: A History of US Trade Policy (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017). $ 35, ISBN 9780226398969

mer, 01/03/2018 - 23:17
(Source: University of Chicago Press)
The University of Chicago Press has published a new book on the history of the United States’ trade policy
Should the United States be open to commerce with other countries, or should it protect domestic industries from foreign competition? This question has been the source of bitter political conflict throughout American history. Such conflict was inevitable, James Madison argued in The Federalist Papers, because trade policy involves clashing economic interests. The struggle between the winners and losers from trade has always been fierce because dollars and jobs are at stake: depending on what policy is chosen, some industries, farmers, and workers will prosper, while others will suffer.
Douglas A. Irwin’s Clashing over Commerce is the most authoritative and comprehensive history of US trade policy to date, offering a clear picture of the various economic and political forces that have shaped it. From the start, trade policy divided the nation—first when Thomas Jefferson declared an embargo on all foreign trade and then when South Carolina threatened to secede from the Union over excessive taxes on imports. The Civil War saw a shift toward protectionism, which then came under constant political attack. Then, controversy over the Smoot-Hawley tariff during the Great Depression led to a policy shift toward freer trade, involving trade agreements that eventually produced the World Trade Organization. Irwin makes sense of this turbulent history by showing how different economic interests tend to be grouped geographically, meaning that every proposed policy change found ready champions and opponents in Congress.

As the Trump administration considers making major changes to US trade policy, Irwin’s sweeping historical perspective helps illuminate the current debate. Deeply researched and rich with insight and detail, Clashing over Commerce provides valuable and enduring insights into US trade policy past and present.
Table of Contents:
-        Revenue. The struggle for Independence, 1763-1789 ; -        Trade policy for the new nation, 1789-1816 ; -        Sectional conflict and crisis, 1816-1833 ; -        Tariff peace and Civil War, 1833-1865;-        Restriction. The failure of tariff reform, 1865-1890 ;-        Protectionism entrenched, 1890-1912 ; -        Policy reversals and drift, 1912-1928 ;-        The Hawley-Smoot tariff and the Great Depression, 1928-1932;-        Reciprocity. The New Deal and reciprocal trade agreements, 1932-1943 ; -        Creating a multilateral trading system, 1943-1950 ; -        New Order and new stresses, 1950-1979 ; -        Trade shocks and response, 1979-1992 ; -        From globalization to polarization, 1992-2017-        Conclusion.
For more information, see the siteof the publisher
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Grotiana XXXVIII (2017), No. 1

mer, 01/03/2018 - 10:29
(Source: Brill)
Grotiana (Brill) published the first issue of its 38th volume.
Table of contents:
Acceptilatio. Hugo Grotius on SatisfactionJohannes Magliano-Tromp      Having Made Peace through the Blood of the CrossEltjo Schrage      Too Subtle to Satisfy Many: Was Grotius’s Teleology of Punishment Predestined to Fail?Jeremy Seth Geddert      Punishment and Sovereignty in De Indis and De iure belli ac pacisBrad Hinshelwood      Grotius and Kant on Original Community of Goods and PropertySylvie Loriaux      Grotius, Necessity and the Sixteenth-Century Scholastic TraditionBart Wauters      Hugo Grotius in Dialogue with His ColleaguesLydia Janssen      Pirating Mare liberum (1609)Mark Somos and Dániel Margócsy       Adam Smith’s Unfinished Grotius Business, Grotius’s Novel Turn to Ancient Law, and the Genealogical Fallacy Benjamin Straumann      Christian Wolff’s Lectures on Grotius’s De Iure Belli ac Pacis from 1739–1740 Frank Grunert and Béla Kapossy

More information on the publisher’s website

(Source: Legal History Blog
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Ed. John J. Michalczyk, Nazi law : from Nuremberg to Nuremberg (London: Bloomsbury Academic , 2017). ISBN 9781350007239

dim, 12/31/2017 - 16:44
(Source: Bloomsbury Academic)
Bloomsbury Academic has published a book on Nazi Law in December 2017.
A distinguished group of scholars from Germany, Israel and right across the United States are brought together in Nazi Law to investigate the ways in which Hitler and the Nazis used the law as a weapon, mainly against the Jews, to establish and progress their master plan for German society. The book looks at how, after assuming power in 1933, the Nazi Party manipulated the legal system and the constitution in its crusade against Communists, Jews, homosexuals, as well as Jehovah's Witnesses and other religious and racial minorities, resulting in World War II and the Holocaust. It then goes on to analyse how the law was subsequently used by the opponents of Nazism in the wake of World War Two to punish them in the war crime trials at Nuremberg.This is a valuable edited collection of interest to all scholars and students interested in Nazi Germany and the Holocaust.

List of Figures
List of Contributors
Foreword, Lorenz Reibling (Boston College, USA)Acknowledgements
John J. Michalczyk (Boston College, USA)Part I - A Judicial System without Jews and without Justice1. Politics, Ethics and Natural Law in Early Twentieth Century Germany, 1900-1950, Douglas G. Morris (Federal Defenders NY, USA)2. Our Enemies Have No Rights: Carl Schmitt and the Two-Tiered System of Justice, Paul Bookbinder (University of Massachusetts, Boston, USA)3. Defining the Jew: The Origins of the Nuremberg Laws, Oleksandr Kobrynskyy (University of Nuremberg-Erlangen, Germany)4. Vichy France and the Nuremberg Laws, John Romeiser (University of Tennessee, USA)5. The Judenräte and the Nazi Racial Policies: Ethical issues in Claude Lanzmann's Last of the Unjust (2013), Yvonne Kozlovsky Golan (Haifa University, Israel)6. High Treason in the People's Court, John J. Michalczyk (Boston College, USA)Part II - Hippocrates Abandoned by Nazi Doctors 7. Resistance or Complicity: Medical and Religious Responses to Law under the Third Reich, Johnathan Kelly, Erin Miller and Michael A. Grodin (Boston University, USA)8. Homosexuality and the Law in the Third Reich, Melanie Murphy (Emmanuel College, USA)9. Physicians, Psychologists, and Lawyers as Torturers: From WWII to Post 9/11, George Annas and Sondra Crosby (Boston University School of Public Health, USA)10. Nazi Medicine and the Holocaust: Implications for Bioethics and Professionalism Education, Ashley Fernandes (Ohio State University, USA)Part III - Economic Policies and the Stripping of the Jewish Community 11. The German Plunder and Theft of Jewish Property in the General Government, David M. Crowe (Elon University, USA)12. Nazi Laws Used to Plunder Art and the Current Legal Tools Used to Unwind Looting, Leila Amineddoleh (Fordham University and New York University, USA)Part IV - A God Subverted by Nazi Policy 13. The Hereafter versus the Here-and-Now: Catholicism under National Socialism, Kevin Spicer (Stonehill College, USA)14. Nazi Persecution of German Protestants, Christopher Probst (Maryville University, USA)15. Jehovah's Witnesses in the Third Reich, Gerhard Besier (Dresden University, Germany) Part V - To the Victor Belongs Justice: At Nuremberg and Beyond 16. German Courts in the Maelstrom of Criminal Guilt: Tracing the Rise of Collective Responsibility in Nazi Death Camp Trials, 1963-2016, Michael Bryant (Bryant University, USA)17. The Devil's Chemists on Trial: The American Prosecution of I.G. Farben at Nuremberg, Mark Spicka (Shippensburg University, USA)18. Nazi Experiments, the Nuremberg Code, and the United States, Sandra H. Johnson (St. Louis University School of Law, USA) Epilogue, John J. Michalczyk (Boston College, USA)

For more information, see the site of the publisher. 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Stephan W. Schill, Christian J. Tams, and Rainer Hofmann, eds., International Investment Law and History [Frankfurt Investment and Economic Law Series] (Frankfurt : Edward Elgar Publishing, February 2018) (forthcoming). ISBN 9781786439956.

ven, 12/29/2017 - 16:45
(Source: Edward Elgar Publishing)
Edward Elgar Publishing is publishing a book on “International Investment Law and History”, as part of the Frankfurt Investment and Economic Law series, in February 2018.
Historiographical approaches to international investment law scholarship are becoming ever more important. This insightful book combines perspectives from a range of expert international law scholars who explore ways in which using a broad variety of historical methods and historical research can lead to a better understanding of international investment law. International Investment Law and History critically analyses the use of historical argument in international investment law. It examines the vital roles that historical arguments play in interpreting investment treaties, resolving investor-state disputes, and justifying or criticising the current system of investment protection.This book is the first in-depth study on the methodological challenges and benefits of historical analysis in international investment law. As such, it is a vital tool for scholars and practitioners in the field who wish to understand ways in which to use historical research and analysis to improve and redefine international investment law.TABLE OF CONTENTS
Preface and acknowledgements Part I INTRODUCTION1. International investment law and history: An introductionStephan W. Schill, Christian J. Tams and Rainer Hofmann Part II OBJECTIVES AND OBJECTS OF HISTORY 2. Narrating narratives of international investment law: History and epistemic forcesAndreas Kulick
3. The first investor-state arbitration? The Suez Canal dispute of 1864 and some reflections on the historiography of international investment lawJason Yackee
4. Understanding change: Evolution from international claims commissions to investment treaty arbitrationHeather Bray
5. History and international law: Method and mechanism ? empire and ‘usual’ ruptureKate Miles
6. The challenges of history in international investment law: A view from legal theoryJörg Kammerhofer Part III METHODOLOGY AND ITS CHALLENGES7. Resolving challenges to historical research: Developing a project to define fair and equitable treatmentMona Pinchis-Paulsen
8. The evolution of contractual protection in international law: Accessing diplomatic archives, discovering diplomatic practice, and constructing diplomatic historyJean Ho Qing Ying
9. The gust of wind: The unknown role of Sir Elihu Lauterpacht in the drafting of the Abs-Shawcross Draft ConventionYuliya Chernykh
10. Enriching law with political history: A case study on the creation of the ICSID ConventionTaylor St. John
11. A genealogy of censurable conduct: Antecedents for an international minimum standard of investor conductMuin Boase
IndexMore information (including the possibility to pre-order the book) can be found at the siteof the publisher.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Edward James Kolla, Sovereignty, International Law, and the French Revolution [Studies in Legal History] (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, October 2017), 350 p. ISBN 9781107179547, £ 75.00.

ven, 12/29/2017 - 12:16

(Source: Cambridge University Press)
Cambridge University Press published Sovereignty, International Law, and the French Revolution, a new title in the American Society for Legal History’s Studies in Legal History series.
The advent of the principle of popular sovereignty during the French Revolution inspired an unintended but momentous change in international law. Edward James Kolla explains that between 1789 and 1799, the idea that peoples ought to determine their fates in international affairs, just as they were taking power domestically in France, inspired a series of new and interconnected claims to territory. Drawing on case studies from Avignon, Belgium, the Rhineland, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and Italy, Kolla traces how French revolutionary diplomats and leaders gradually applied principles derived from new domestic political philosophy and law to the international stage. Instead of obtaining land via dynastic inheritance or conquest in war, the will of the people would now determine the title and status of territory. However, the principle of popular sovereignty also opened up new justifications for aggressive conquest, and this history foreshadowed some of the most controversial questions in international relations today.Expands the study of the history of international law to the French Revolution and goes beyond the areas in which this history has recently boomedEnriches the history of the Revolution by using legal methodology that helps unravel some perennial debates in the historiography of the Revolution The chapters follow case studies in discrete locations; these case studies display both innovations in each case as well as continuity through the whole period of the book
Lists of mapsAcknowledgmentsIntroduction1. Popular sovereignty and international law on the periphery of France2. The union of Avignon and the challenges of self-determination3. Revolutionary power and the annexation of Belgium4. Strategic interests, survival, and the left bank of the Rhine5. Between subject and sovereign states: the sister republics in the Netherlands, Switzerland, and ItalyConclusionSelected bibliography.
Edward James KollaEdmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service in Qatar, at Georgetown University, Washington, DCEdward James Kolla is Assistant Professor of History in the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service in Qatar, Georgetown University, Washington, DC.
Edward James Kolla is Assistant Professor of History in the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service in Qatar, Georgetown University, Washington, DC.

For more information, please see the website of the publisher 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

SUMMER SCHOOL: “Laws in Antiquity – Crime and Punishment in the Ancient World” (Amsterdam, July 14-28 2018, course starts Monday 16 July)

jeu, 12/28/2017 - 21:42

(Source: VU Amsterdam Summer School)
The VU Amsterdam is organising a Summer Course on Laws in Antiquity in July 2018, coordinated by Professors Jan Hallebeek and Ilan Peled. The course level is “Advanced Bachelor/Master, open to PhD staff and professionals.”
Course Content:
It was in Roman times that the foundations were laid for the so-called civilian tradition, which still reverberates in the private law of continental Europe, South America and parts of the Far East (Japan, China). On this course, leading experts on ancient law guide you through the theoretical and historical aspects of these systems and their unique characteristics, focusing on such themes as contracts, delict, property and family law.
We begin with general presentations of the different systems, before moving on to the study and analysis of exemplary texts (in English translation) in a workshop setting. By the end of the course you will have gained a sense of legal life in the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Rome and Byzantium.

For more information, please visit the website of the VU Amsterdam Summer School
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Michel Erpelding, Le droit international esclavagiste des "nations civilisées" (1815-1945) [Collection des thèses] (Institut Universitaire Varenne, 2017), ISBN 978-2-37032-140-4.

mer, 12/27/2017 - 00:52
(Source: Librairie LGDJ)
The Portail Universitaire du Droit reported the publication of Le droit international antiesclavagiste des "nations civilisées" (1815-1945).
L'interdiction de l'esclavage constitue une norme fondamentale du droit international contemporain : figurant dans les principaux instruments de protection des droits de l'homme, elle est souvent citée comme une obligation dont le respect intéresse la communauté internationale dans son ensemble. La présente étude s'intéresse aux origines de cette interdiction, telle que reflétée par la pratique étatique et discutée par la doctrine, avant l'émergence d'une garantie internationale des droits de l'individu à la suite de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. 
Elle rappelle qu'au XIXe siècle et pendant la première moitié du XXe siècle, l'affirmation d'un droit international antiesclavagiste était étroitement liée à l'idée, à la fois généreuse et autoritaire, de « civilisation ». Comme le montre la présente étude, le contenu matériel de ce droit dépendait, en particulier, de la capacité des États occidentaux de se définir eux-mêmes, par rapport au reste du monde, comme des « nations civilisées ». Aujourd'hui largement discréditée et dépourvue de valeur normative, la notion de « nations civilisées » dut en effet sa première apparition en droit international positif à la « Déclaration des Puissances sur l'abolition de la traite des Nègres » du 8 février 1815. Adoptée dans le cadre du Congrès de Vienne, celle-ci fut également le premier instrument international proclamant une obligation générale de mettre fin à certaines pratiques esclavagistes - en l'occurrence, à la déportation de captifs africains comme esclaves. Or, bien que le principe antiesclavagiste proclamé en 1815 fût progressivement traduit en normes internationales et internes de plus en plus exigeantes, les modalités de sa mise en oeuvre, tout comme sa portée exacte, ne cessèrent de faire l'objet de contestations et d'interrogations tout au long de la période considérée. Une question récurrente fut ainsi de savoir si une « nation civilisée » ayant formellement aboli l'institution esclavagiste pouvait être accusée d'avoir violé le droit international antiesclavagiste en tolérant ou en imposant certaines formes de travail forcé. Ce n'est finalement qu'en 1945, au terme d'une remise en cause sans précédent de l'idée même de « civilisation », que les signataires du Statut de Nuremberg adoptèrent le premier instrument conventionnel y apportant une réponse positive. 

Diplômé de l'Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne et de l'Institut national des langues et civilisations orientales, Michel Erpelding est aujourd'hui chargé de recherche à l'Institut Max Planck Luxembourg pour le droit procedural

For more information, see the website of the publisher here
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Journal of the History of International Law/Revue d'histoire du droit international XIX (2017), Nr. 4 (ISSN 1388-199X)

sam, 12/23/2017 - 05:31
(image source: Brill)
Articles"Alberico Gentili’s De iure belli: An Absolutist’s Attempt to Reconcile the jus gentium and the Reason of State Tradition" (Claire Vergerio)
"The Socio-Historical Case for the Existence of a Nexus Requirement in the Application of Universal Jurisdiction to Maritime Piracy" (Jeffrey T. Tirshfield)
"From the “Closed” to the “Open” Commercial State: A Very Brief History of International Economic Law" (Robert Schütze)
Book Reviews"The Politics of Justifying Force: The Suez Crisis, The Iraq War and International Law, Using and Justifying Force: The Suez Crisis, The Iraq War and International Law, written by Charlotte Peevers" (Parvathi Menon)
"To Reform the World. International Organizations and the Making of Modern States, written by Guy Fiti Sinclair" (Madeleine Herren)

(More information here)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: First Women Lawyers in Great Britain and the Empire (29 Jun 2018) DEADLINE 23 APR 2018

ven, 12/22/2017 - 04:24
First Women Lawyers in Great Britain and the Empire Symposium29 June 2018: “The Road to 1919”Call for Papers

The Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919 heralded women’s long awaited entry to the legal profession.  What do we actually know about that journey?  How much of that struggle has been recorded?  Where is it recorded?  The ‘First Women Lawyers in Great Britain and the Empire’ Symposia seek to unite academics and researchers in this area and explore the journey of those first women lawyers. 
The 2018meeting will celebrate the centenary of the vote and examine its effect on the passing of the Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919. It will explore the extent to which it gave impetus to women such as Helena Normanton to make renewed attempts to join the legal profession in 1918.
The ‘First Women Lawyers Symposia’ has run successfully for three years and has drawn papers from England, Scotland, Estonia, Canada and Australia.  The 2018 symposium will be held on Friday 29thJune 2018, venue TBC.  Submissions are welcomed from those researching in this area, including anyone with knowledge that will place the struggle for entry to the legal profession in England and Wales in an international context.  Closing date for submission of abstracts: 23 April 2018
The timetable for the following symposia are as follows:2019 Celebrations:
Thursday February 7 2019 to be held at Middle Temple (continuing the theme of the road to 1919 and a celebration of the Act which received Royal Assent on 23 December 1919), Celebration Dinner at Middle Temple Hall: Saturday 11 January 2020 (centenary of the first women Bar students’ first dinner) June 2020 Symposium: ‘Legacy’ June 2021 Symposium:‘The other women lawyers that history has, at best forgotten, at worst ignored’
17 November 2022 Celebration of the 1922 Call night at Middle Temple.
See also on twitter: @1919lawpioneersContact dr. Judith Bourne (St Mary's University, Twickenham)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Miscelanea Juslittera, vol. 4: La Parenté dans les Matières de Bretagne et de France

ven, 12/22/2017 - 04:21
(image source: Misscelanea Juslittera)
Volume 4: La Parenté dans les Matières de Bretagne et de France

This journal is part of a research project at the university of Orléans. More information here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

WORKING PAPER: Rainer SILBERNAGL, "Die Entwicklung der Systematik der Amtsdelike und Gedanken zur Korruption im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert in der habsburgischen Gesetzgebung (A Classification of Malpractice and Thoughts on Corruption in the 18th and 19th...

ven, 12/22/2017 - 03:59
(image source: MPI for European Legal History)
German Abstract: Die Thematik der „Korruption" ist an sich bereits zum Reizwort geworden, das generalisierend die Symptomatik eines menschlichen manipulativen Rechtsdaseins zu fassen sucht und einen klaren juristischen Krankheitsbegriff determinieren will. Der Begriff, der von vielen Wissenschaftsdisziplinen mit Forschungsergebnissen bestückt wird, erweist sich gerade im Bereich der Rechtswissenschaft als unscharf. Der Artikel befasst sich mit den gesetzgeberisch fassbaren Kernbereichen des Phänomens. Untersuchungsgebiet ist das Gebiet der Habsburgermonarchie im Zeitraum zwischen den Jahren 1750 und 1918. In dieser „Sattelzeit“ unseres heutigen Rechtsstaates beginnt das Werden des Gesetzesstaates, dessen gedankliche Grundlagen in den meisten Feldern der dogmatischen Rechtsbereiche die Basis unseres heutigen Rechtsdenkens darstellt. Gerade die zweite Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts bietet mit den Strafrechtsentwürfen eine besonders fruchtbare Periode für die Betrachtung des Zusammenspiels der Rechts-Bereiche.

English Abstract: ‘Corruption’ has become a hotly contested term that is imputed to capture the symptoms of manipulative human legal behaviour and to label a clearly identifiable juridical disease. Despite its broad use across many academic disciplines and invocation in diverse research findings, the term is particularly vague in jurisprudence. This article examines the core of corruption that can be apprehended legislatively, focusing on Habsburg rule between 1750 and 1918. In this transitional period, the modern-day constitutional state emerged whose intellectual roots in many fields of dogmatic law constitute the foundation of our modern legal consciousness. With its penal law drafts, the second half of the 19th century is a particularly useful period to analyse how these legal fields interact. See fulltext on SSRN.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK REVIEW: Lyman Johnson on Michelle A MCKINLEY, Fractional Freedoms: Slavery, Intimacy, and Legal Mobilization in Colonial Lima, 1600-1700. Studies in Legal History Series. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016. 294 pp. $99,99, ISBN 978-1-107...

ven, 12/22/2017 - 03:31
(image source: CUP)
H-Law posted a book review by Lyman Johnson (University of North Caroline at Charlotte) on the work Fractional Freedoms: Slavery, Intimacy, and Legal Mobilization in Colonial Lima, 1600-1700, published by Cambridge University Press in 2016.

First paragraph:
The historical examination of slavery in colonial Spanish America has undergone a revolutionary transformation during the last thirty years. Early histories that focused narrowly on Spanish colonies in the tropical plantation zone have been supplemented by a wave of new research that makes clear that the Atlantic slave trade distributed slaves into nearly every corner of Spain’s American empire and into nearly every sector of the colonial economy. Each new generation of scholars has extended the field into new regions and new periods while exploring new archives and methods. In this progression, historians have also successfully adapted the tools of ethnohistory, gender studies, and economics to the exploration of this ubiquitous and foundational Spanish American institution.Read further on H-Law.
Catégories: Comparative Law News