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The ESCLH aims to promote comparative legal history and seeks affiliation with individuals and organisations with complementary aims.
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CONFERENCE: "I giuristi e il fascino del regime (1918-1925)" (Rome, 23/24 May 2014)

lun, 2014-05-12 16:12

What: I giuristi e il fascino del regime (1918-1925), Conference 
Where: Rome, Biblioteca del Senato della Repubblica "Giovanni Spadolini", Sala degli atti parlamentari, piazza della Minerva, 38
When: 23/24 May 2014
Catégories: Comparative Law News

SEMINAR: "Le commun, un noeud de contrats. L'exemple des vélos en libre service (VELIB)" (Paris, 13 May 2014)

ven, 2014-05-09 13:15

What: "Le commun, un noeud de contrats. L'exemple des vélos en libre service (VELIB)", 7th meeting of the séminaire de casuistique Le Bien commun, les biens communs, les choses communes, la collectivisation des intérêts organized by Emanuele Coccia, Emanuele Conte, Marie-Angèle Hermitte and Paolo Napoli 

Where: École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Centre d'études des norme juridiques Yan Thomas (CENJ), Salle D & M Lombard, 96 boulevard Raspail, 75006, Paris
When: 13 May 2014, 6:30 - 9:00 pm

Aurore CHAIGNEAU - Université d'Amiens

Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Law Crime and History Journal, vol. 4 issue 1 (2014)

ven, 2014-05-09 13:02

Special issue on the theme of Teaching and Learning in Crime and Criminal Justice History guest edited by Henry Yeomans at Leeds University, now available here
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK PRESENTATION: "Aux origines des cultures juridiques européennes. Yan Thomas entre droit et sciences sociales", edited by Paolo Napoli (Paris, 20 May 2014)

mar, 2014-05-06 09:19

What: Book presentation and debate

Where: École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Centre d'études des norme juridiques Yan Thomas (CENJ), Salle 1, 105 boulevard Raspail, 75006, Paris

When: 21 May 2014, 5:00-7:00 pm
Speakers:Olivier Beauvallet - juge international, cenj Aurore Chaigneau - Université d'Amiens Jacques Chiffoleau - Ehess Silvia Falconieri - Cnrs (Chj, Univ. Lille 2)

All information here
Catégories: Comparative Law News

SEMINAR: Citizenship and Power Strategies between Middle Ages and Early Modernity (Rome,12 May 2014)

mar, 2014-05-06 08:48
What: Eterointegrazione e percorsi di cittadinanza nel tardoantico12th meeting of the seminar Cittadinanze e strategie di potere tra Medio Evo ed Età Moderna, organized by Sara Menzinger, Giuliano Milani and Massimo Vallerani in the framework of the PIMIC Project "Power and Institutions in Medieval Islam and Christendom" (http://www.pimic-itn.eu)  Where: Roma Tre University, Law Department, 2nd Floor, Room 278, Via Ostiense 161-163, Rome.When: 12 May 2014, 3:00 pm
SpeakersProf. Giovanna Mancini, University of Teramo Prof. Luca Loschiavo, University of Teramo/Roma Tre University
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: Law Addressing Diversity: Pre-Modern Europe and India in Comparison (1200-1800AD), 22-25 May 2014

lun, 2014-05-05 04:11

The University of Vienna hosts a conference on "Law Addressing Diversity" in Europa and India, 1200-1800AD (source: HSozUKult).

“Diversity in Unity – Unity in Diversity” has been quoted frequently to characterize both Europe’s and India’s pre-modern societies. The phenomena this phrase attempts to describe were as diverse as the people involved and ranged from acculturation, entanglement and co-existence to segregation, expulsion and elimination. In our workshop, we intend to apply a distinctive perspective by putting the focus on legal experts and their texts. Neither in Europe nor in India were those with legal expertise a coherent group with a uniform background, formation or job description. Different forms of legislation, legal practice, court procedure, legal education, profession, and law enforcement existed in both regions throughout the period from 1200 to 1800. Instead of equality before the law, a legal pluralism was practiced, where specific legal traditions and modes of jurisdiction were assigned to specific social groups. Legal experts, therefore, had to operate within a matrix of legal cultures that matched societal diversity. Law and legal practice on the one hand mirrored societal complexity, and on the other were means to categorize and shape complex societies.
May 22nd
19.00: Getting Together (Arkadenhof)
May 23rd
9.00: Kings and lawmakers (Chair: Milos Vec)
Corinne Lefèvre, Imperial Management of Legal Diversity: The Mughal Case (I)
Sanjog Rupakheti, Status Differentiated Law and State Formation in Early Modern Himalayan South Asia (I)
Cynthia Neville, The Limitations of Royal Justice in Later Medieval Scotland (E)
11.00: Coffee Break
11.20: Courts and court practices (Chair: Julie Billaud)
Farhat Hasan, The Qazi’s Court in Mughal India: Imperial Laws and Local Practices (I)
Sara M. Butler, Rejecting the Common Law: Standing Mute in Medieval England (E)
12.45: Lunch Break
14.15: Legal Pluralism (Chair: Rohit De)
Nadeera Rupesinghe, Legal pluralism in early modern Sri Lanka (I)
André Wink, Law and Society in Medieval India (I)
Mia Korpiola, Legal diversity – or the Relative Lack of It – in Early Modern Sweden (E)
16.15: Tea Break
16.35: Transition to Modernity (Chair: Alexander Fischer)
Indrani Chatterjee, Disempowering Women and Becoming Modern? The Case from Fortress Bengal (I)
Daniel Schönpflug, Constitutional law and Diversity in the French Revolution: national and imperial perspectives (E)

May 24th
9.30: Regulating Groups and Categorizing People (Chair: Tilmann Kulke)
Sumit Guha, The adjudication of religious headship (I)
Karl Shoemaker, Muslims as a legal category in European canon law (E)
Jovan Pešalj, The Habsburg Legislation Concerning Ottoman Migrants (E)
11.30: Coffee Break
11.50 Law and Religious Groups pt. 1 (Chair: Paolo Sartori)
Ali Anooshahr, Muslims among non-Muslims: Creating the Islamic identity through law (14th century and onwards) (I)
Stephan Wendehorst, Catholics, Protestants and Jews: The Holy Roman Empire, Legal Pluralism and Religious Diversity (E)
12.50: Lunch Break
14.15 Law and Religious Groups pt. 2 (Chair: Paolo Sartori)
Blain Auer, The treatment of minority and non-Muslim communities under Muslim rule (1200-1400) (I)
15.15: Tea Break
15.35: Customary law (Chair: Ebba Koch)
Najaf Haider, Customary Law in Mughal India (I)
Aparna Balachandran, The Law of Mamul: The History of Custom in Colonial and Pre-Colonial India (I)
Ada-Maria Kuskowski, Title TBA (E)
May 25th
10am-4pm: Diversity in Vienna (city tour by foot and bus)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK PRESENTATION: "Theologians and Contract Law. The Moral Transformation of the Ius Commune (ca. 1500-1650)", by Wim Decock (Paris, 7 May 2014)

sam, 2014-05-03 06:37

What: Book presentation and debate, meeting of the Atelier d'anthropologie scolastique, questions disputées en histoire intellectuelle du Moyen Âge
Where: École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), salle 4, 105 Bd. Raspail, Paris
When: 7 May 2014, 3:00-5:00 pm

All information here
Wim DecockMax-Planck-Institute for Legal History, Frankfurt, and KU Leuven
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CFP: "British Crime Historian's Symposium" (Liverpool, 26-27 September 2014)

ven, 2014-05-02 12:00

What: British Crime Historian's Symposium 2014 - Call for Papers

Where: University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

When: 26/27 September 2014

Deadline for  individual and panel abstracts: 30th June 2014

Catégories: Comparative Law News

SEMINAR: "Fondamenti storici, analisi teorica, operatività pratica delle ‘regulae iuris’ nella dimensione del diritto europeo" (Naples, 9 May 2014)

ven, 2014-05-02 11:46
What: Seminar on the theme "Fondamenti storici, analisi teorica, operatività pratica delle ‘regulae iuris’ nella dimensione del diritto europeo" , in the framework of the Project "FARO" 

Where: University of "Federico II", Law Department, via Mezzocannone, 8 / Via G. Paladino 39, Aula Convegni - Diritto romano, Cortile delle statue, Naples, Italy 
When: 9 May 2014, 10:00 am

Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: ESCLH Conference, "Traditions and changes" (Macerata, 8-9- July 2014)

ven, 2014-05-02 11:00

What: Third Biennial ESCLH Conference on the theme "Traditions and Changes"Where: University of Macerata, ItalyWhen: 8-9 July 2014
All information here
We are glad to announce that the Third Biennial ESCLH ConferenceTraditions and Changes, will be held on July 8-9, 2014 at the University of Macerata (Italy).In the fantastic Italian environment of Le Marche region, participants will share new perspectives in the field of Comparative Legal History.Call for papersThe European Society for Comparative Legal History (ESCLH) – founded in 2009 – continues to highlight and promote the comparison of legal ideas and legal institutions across different national juridical fields. Following the second ESCHL Conference held at Amsterdam VU University (2012) dedicated to “Definitions and Challenges”, the third ESCHL Conference will take place on 8-9 July 2014 in Macerata (Italy) and will be hosted by the University of Macerata. Under the heading “Traditions and changes” the Conference will develop a theme which is integral part of the challenges of comparative legal history.Members of legal history and comparative law networks share an important and paradigm-challenging reflection on the concept of legal tradition. This concern blends skills and disciplines, such as the legal, social and historical perspectives in an attempt to understand law and how it changes.The conference would like to encourage scholars to use the comparative-historical approach for working on the complex concepts of ‘tradition’ and ‘change’, both separately and in correlation. This aim raises several questions. What do we think is tradition? How is it made up, how is it ‘built’ or ‘invented’? How does it relate to concepts like recollections, historical store-room, juridical experience, legal culture, legal system? What does a tradition help, why and how is it used to promote or, on the contrary, to reject changes and transformations? Is tradition a synonym of ‘past’ and is change a synonym of ‘future’? Or instead does a dialectic prevail which can, at times, unite or separate tradition and change? What role do jurists and doctrine carry on in this field?

Reference to traditions and changes helps us better use comparative legal history, opening up not just what happened, but why it did. In doing so we must reflect not only on categories as such but also on how they are used. We know that power and every legally relevant public or private institution  has the tendency to legitimise itself making recourse to values such as tradition or rationalisation (understood also as an incentive to change). Two recent examples will suffice: the growing use of polyvalent categories like that of “western legal tradition” (both in the singular and the plural) or that, more recent, of “common constitutional traditions”.The Conference welcomes proposals on any area of comparative legal history which relate to the theme of “Traditions and changes”.The starting keynote address will be delivered by Michael Stolleis, Professor emeritus of public law and history of modern law at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, former Director of the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History. The final keynote address will be given by Lauren Benton, Professor of History, Silver Professor, Affiliate Professor of Law, Dean, Graduate School of Arts & Science, New York University. Factual information:-          Those interested in presenting a paper at the ESCLH Conference 2014 in Macerata are requested to submit the title of their paper, a short abstract (approximately 250 words) and a short CV before January 1st 2014 to the organizing committee c/o Dr. Antonella Bettoni, University of Macerata (antonella.bettoni@unimc.it).-          The presentations of each paper will not exceed 20 minutes and should be in English.-          It is also possible to present a complete proposal for one or more panels (4 papers for every panel) with a topic within the field of comparative legal history.At the end of January 2014 it will be announced which papers are accepted. The abstracts of these papers will shortly thereafter be made available on the Conference-page website. For further information see:www.unimc.it/dg/it/ricerca/conferenze
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: "La charte de la laïcité au Québec" (30 april 2014, Paris)

mer, 2014-04-30 04:29

What: "La charte de la laïcité au Québec", conférence dans le cadre du programme "Pluralisme, démocratie religions, laïcités. " En partenariat avec Norma
Where: Salle de conférences du Site Pouchet.UMR 8582 GSRL CNRS-EPHE Groupe Sociétés, Religions, Laïcités, 59-61 rue Pouchet - 75849 Paris Cedex 17
When: 30 april 2014, 9:30 am

 Martin Meunier,Professeur à l'Université d'Ottawa
Jean-François Laniel, Doctorant à l’Université du Québec à  Montréal All information here

Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Olivier Chaline (ed.), Parliaments and Enlightenment, Pessac, Maison des Sciences de l'homme, 2012

mar, 2014-04-29 10:13
A book review on the edited volume Les parlements et les Lumières (Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, Pessac), under the direction of Olivier Chaline (Université Paris-Sorbonne), is available on recensio.net (Klaus Deinet, Francia:Recensio 2014:1).
As the title indicates, the work focuses on the attitudes of the judges and lawyers in the French parliaments, or regional supreme courts of the King. Enlightenment thinkers as Montesquieu or Malesherbes were members of this elite, as well as inveterately conservative counterparts. This volume parts from the idea that political or ideological opinions should be seen in their proper context, and not be read in teleological perspective, with the outcome in Revolutionary France in mind.
Abstract (Maison des Sciences de l'homme website):
Parlements et Lumières : l’association des deux notions peut sembler contre-nature, tant l’historiographie a longtemps vu dans les magistrats une catégorie hostile par principe aux Lumières, les bourreaux de Calas et de quelques autres comme les adversaires égoïstes d’une monarchie éclairée et réformatrice qu’ils finissent par perdre en descendant eux-mêmes à sa suite au tombeau. Seuls quelques avocats apparaissent sous un jour plus favorable, défendant l’innocence accablée par l’injustice des nantis ou prenant part à la Révolution.
Pourtant les progrès de la recherche nous conduisent à des vues beaucoup plus nuancées aussi bien sur les cours et les parlementaires que sur les Lumières elles-mêmes qui ne se limitent pas au seul combat philosophique. Dans ce volume collectif, il est question des gens de justice face aux idées nouvelles, des formes de leur adhésion à celles-ci et de la définition qu’ils ont essayé de donner d’un ordre du monde rénové. Réintroduire les parlementaires en tant que tels dans l’étude de la France des Lumières permettra de comprendre celle-ci plus exactement.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: Inagural Conference of the International Society for Public Law (Florence, 26-28 June 2014)

mar, 2014-04-29 09:00
   (image source: lets2014.eu)
The newly established International Society for Public Law (ICON•S) holds its first conference in Florence (Italy), from 26 to 28 June 2014. Since the conference will address issues of comparative law and links with political as well, it might be of interest to comparative legal historians.
Call (source: EJIL:Talk!)
On 26-28 June 2014, in Florence, the European University Institute and NYU-La Pietra will host the Inaugural Conference of the newly established International Society of Public Law (ICON•S).
We invite all our readers to submit proposals for either individual papers, or even more ambitiously, proposals for panels which, if selected, will be presented at the Inaugural Conference. Full details, modules for submitting proposals and for registering for the conference may be found at the society’s website. Registration for the Inaugural Conference includes the first annual membership fee in ICON•S and a free one-year online subscription to ICON, the International Journal of Constitutional Law.
  • Why create a new international learned society – are there not enough already?
  • Why public law – if we typically teach Constitutional Law, Administrative Law, or International Law (and now the much à la mode Global Law)?
  • And why does the word “comparative” not feature in the title of the new Society? Surely if we bring together constitutionalists from, say, Japan and Canada or administrative lawyers from Italy and Turkey – their common language will be Comparative Law?
The initiative to create an International Society of Public Law emerged from the Editorial Board of I•CON – the International Journal of Constitutional Law. For several years now I•CON has been, both by choice and pursuant to the cartographic reality of the field, much more than a journal of comparative constitutional Law. I•CON has expanded its interests, range of authors, readers, Editorial Board members and, above all, issues covered, to include not only discrete articles in fields such as Administrative Law, Global Constitutional Law, Global Administrative Law and the like, but also – and increasingly so – scholarship that reflects both legal reality and academic perception; scholarship which, in dealing with the challenges of public life and governance, combines elements from all of the above with a good dose of political theory and social science. That kind of remapping of the field is apparent also in EJIL. Its focus remains of course international law, but the meaning of international law today will often include many elements of the above.
True, in our classrooms we still teach ‘con. law’, ‘ad. law’ and ‘int’l law’ separately – with some justification: they retain their reality and heuristically, one has to start somewhere. But in litigation and jurisprudence, lawmaking, and academic reflection, the boundaries between these disciplines and the borders between the national and the transnational – and even global – have become porous, indeed so porous that at times one is actually dealing with an AltNeuland of public law.
I would say that about 20 per cent of the articles submitted to either EJIL and I•CON could be published in both. The boundaries between EJIL and I•CON are, unsurprisingly, equally porous.
We are certainly not announcing the death of, say, Constitutional Law or Administrative Law and the comparative variants of such. But, at a minimum, a full explication and understanding of today’s ‘constitutional’ cannot take place in isolation from other branches of public law or in a context that is exclusively national. The same is true for these other branches too, not least international law. Public law, as a field of knowledge that transcends these dichotomies, thus deserves our renewed intellectual attention. Our German colleagues, who have always had a more holistic approach to public law, may smile with some self-satisfaction.
In the same vein, the divide between law and political science has become porous too. Some of the finest insights on public law come from social scientists deeply cognizant of law; also, is there any legal scholarship that does not make at least some use of the theoretical and empirical understandings and methodologies external to the legal discipline, stricto sensu?
What then of ‘Comparative Law’? Are we announcing the death of the field? Perhaps not of the field, but of the word. The field is flourishing. It is possible to think of the field of Public Law in Chomskyan terms: there is a surface language, which differs from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, but there is also a deeper structure that is common to the phenomenon of public law. It is difficult to find a public law scholar whose work is not ‘comparative’ in some respects: informed by the theoretical discussion of X or Y in another jurisdiction; referring – often by way of contrast, sometimes by way of similarity – to a foreign leading case somewhere else, as in ‘this is the Marbury v. Madison of our legal system’; addressing universal themes of constitutional theory or design; or simply searching for a constitutional ‘best practice’ overseas. Like Monsieur Jourdain who discovered to his astonishment that he was speaking prose, we in the field of public law should not be surprised to discover that in one way or another, we are all comparativists. To limit our new Society to those scholars whose work is explicitly ‘comparative’ would be hugely constricting and would limit many valuable conversations that go well beyond the formally comparative.
The best example of this new cartography may be found in this very issue in our Symposium on the 50th Anniversary of Van Gend en Loos, some articles of which are published in EJIL and others in I•CON .
Learned societies have often been founded to validate the emergence, autonomy, or breakaway of an intellectual endeavour. By contrast, international learned societies are often driven by the realization of intellectual cross-fertilization that can stem from disciplinary ecumenism. ICON·S is both! We believe that there is a compelling case for the establishment of an International Society of Public Law predicated on these sensibilities – a new breakaway field, the content of which respects traditional categories yet rejects an excessive division of intellectual labour that no longer mirrors reality.
As mentioned, the Society will be officially launched at an Inaugural Conference which will take place in Florence, Italy, in June 2014. The European University Institute and NYU School of Law will sponsor this important event – so that we can spread our wings for the first time in the historic Villa Salviati, Villa La Pietra, Villa Schifanoia, the Badia Fiesolana, and the like.
An organizing Committee of both the Society and Conference, presided by Sabino Cassese, is in charge of the Programme and of the Society’s first steps, as is the usual practice with such ‘births’. Once it has taken off, the general membership will elect the officers of the Society who will take charge of its future direction.
The Conference will combine the best practices of the genre. There will be several plenary sessions with invited speakers, commentators and floor discussions on themes that define and reflect the scope of the new Society. But the heart of the event, we sincerely hope, will be the response to this ‘Call for Panels and Papers’. We are expecting a plethora of proposals for individual papers, panels and workshops. Please do not delay in submitting your own proposals.

Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNALS: Legal History Review LXXXI (2013), Nos. 3-4; American Journal of Legal History LIV (2014), No 2

mar, 2014-04-29 08:48
Two leading legal history journals recently published a new issue:

Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis-Revue d'Histoire du Droit-The Legal History Review
Volume LXXXI (2013), Nos. 3-4.
  • "Philippe Godding †" (Editorial Committee)
  • "Jacobus Thomas (Tom) de Smidt †" (Editorial Comittee)
  • "In memoriam Robert Feenstra (1920–2013)" (Editorial Committee)
  • "Liste des travaux de Robert Feenstra" (Margreet Duynstee)
  • "Portrait d’un « romaniste » hors du commun : Jean Acher (1880–1915)" (Anne Lefèbvre-Teillard)
  • "Furtum and manus / potestas" (A.B. Sirks)
  • "The problem of the content of the lex Iulia iudiciorum publicorum" (J. Giltaij)
  • "D. 41,2,3,21: Titulierte Besitzarten, Erwerbsgründeund das unum genus possidendi" (Eric H. Pool)
  • "Byzantine and the Medieval West Roman tradition" (Hylkje De Jong)
  • "Adrian of Utrecht (1459–1523) at the crossroads of law and morality: conscience, equity, and the legal nature of Early Modern practical theology" (Wim Decock)
  • "La représentation du droit dans la communauté des diplomates européens des « Trente Heureuses » (1713–1740)" (Frederik Dhondt)
  • "The case for the lost captain" (Zillem Zwalve)
  • "Außerjuristische Wertungen in der Argumentation Papinians" (J.G. Wolf)
  • Book Reviews
See Brill Books and Journals Online.

 American Journal of Legal History LXIV (2014), No. 2 (April):
  • "Virginia Law Reports" (W.H. Bryson)
  • "Leon A. Berezniak: The Theatrical Counselor" (Edward J. Larson)
  • "The Law of Colonial Maryland: Virginia Without Its Grandeur" (William E. Nelson)
  • "Habeas Corpus Proceedings in the High Court of Parliament in the Reign of James I, 1603-1625" (Donald E. Wilkes, jr.)
See the journal's website (Temple University).

Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: "Men of Justice: exercise and representation of power" (French Association of Young Legal Historians/Centre Roland Mousnier), Paris II Panthéon-Assas, 22 May 2014

mar, 2014-04-29 08:00

 (image: Wikimedia Commons)

The French Association of Young Legal Historians and the Centre Roland Mousnier (Université Paris-Sorbonne/CNRS) organize a joint conference on "Les gens de justice : Exercice et mise en scène du pouvoir." 

Program (in French):

Les gens de justice Exercice et mise en scène du pouvoir
Deuxièmes journées 
de l'Association française 
des jeunes historiens du droit

 Organisées en collaboration avec le Centre Roland Mousnier et l’École doctoral II (Université Paris-Sorbonne)*
Jeudi 22 mai 2014Appartement décanalUniversité Panthéon-Assas, 12, place du Panthéon, 75005
9h30 – 12h30
Contestation de l'autorité royale et affirmation des idées parlementaires: l'usage des remontrances au xviiie siècle par le parlement de Paris David Feutry, École nationale des chartes, centre Jean MabillonLouise de Savoie et la justice du roiFlorence Nguyen, Aix-Marseille UniversitéLa figure du procureur général : l’activité de Ladislas de Baralle au parlement de Flandre au cours de l’année 1691 Clotilde Fontaine, Université Lille IIDes magistrats sous le regard de Dieu et des Parisiens : la messe rouge du Parlement au xviiie siècle Adrien Pitor, Université Paris-Sorbonne
14h – 17h00
La mise en scène artistique des magistrats au siècle des Lumières (1715-1799) Samuel Devisme, Université de Picardie-Jules VerneCicéron et le discours des gens de justice italiens (xiiie-xive s.)Carole Mabboux, Université de SavoieL'exécution de Laurent Augustin Hanžburský z Kopečka, prêtre, (Prague, 7 avril 1631) – Remarques autour de la mise en scène de la justice ecclésiastique à l’époque de la réforme catholique Nicolas Richard, Univerzita Karlova (Prague) – Université Paris-SorbonneLe bourreau, un agent symbolique au service du spectacle pénal (xive-xviiie siècle)   Cyrielle Chamot, Université Panthéon-Assas (Paris II)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

SEMINAR: "The Use of the Glossators and Commentators by Jacques Cujas (1522-1590): A Humanist Criticism of the Medieval Jurisprudence” (Edinburgh, 2 May 2014)

ven, 2014-04-25 06:42

What: "The Use of the Glossators and Commentators by Jacques Cujas (1522-1590): A Humanist Criticism of the Medieval Jurisprudence", Alan Watson Seminar in Legal History
Where: Lorimer Room, Old College, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh
When: 2 May 2014, 5:30 p.m.

Dr. Xavier Prévost, Sorbonne Law School (Université Paris I) - Ecole nationale des Chartes, Paris
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Jean Salmon, Droit international et argumentation (Bruxelles: Bruylant, 2014)

mar, 2014-04-22 09:42

(source: International Law Reporter)

Prof. em. Jean Salmon (Université libre de Bruxelles) published a collection of 20 articles on argumentation and international law. Althought this seems to concern prima facie legal theory in the strict sense, Salmon positions his book in the tradition of Chaïm Perelman. Reflections on legal order, judicial motivation and interpretation can be useful to comparative legal historians as well.

Abstract (in French):
L’ouvrage rassemble une vingtaine d’articles que Jean Salmon a écrits au cours des années et qui se consacrent à la place et au rôle de l’argumentation en droit international.
Ces réflexions se situent à la croisée des enseignements du philosophe Chaïm Perelman sur la rhétorique et ceux de l’internationaliste Charles Chaumont sur les contradictions en droit international.
Le droit entend conformer les faits d’existence à du devoir être ; il le fait par un langage, exprimé dans le cadre d’un système et d’institutions, qui, elles-mêmes sont dominées par les contradictions entre les valeurs et les aspirations des États, créateurs par leurs volonté commune ou antagonistes des règles qui les gouvernent.
L’ordre juridique qui en résulte n’est ni clos, ni complet ; il est lacunaire, permet l’esquive. Il est fondé fréquemment sur un langage ambigu, faisant une place importante aux notions confuses La solution des antinomies n’est pas aisée en raison de l’absence d’hiérarchie entre les règles ou entre les organes chargés de les résoudre.
La qualification unilatérale reste majoritaire, l’idéologie affichée ou occultée dominante. Dans un tel contexte, l’argumentation, quoique soumise à ces contraintes et aux rapports de force, est présente à chaque moment de la vie du droit : sa création, son interprétation, son application au cas concret ou son évolution. L’identification de l’auditoire que l’on désire convaincre, le choix des arguments susceptibles d’y parvenir sont essentiels. Néanmoins, la prétention que le raisonnement juridique est présidé par le syllogisme judiciaire est largement illusoire. La motivation du juge international, essentielle pour régler les conflits, étant elle-même une argumentation qui doit convaincre, est un exercice d’autant plus délicat.
Link to the publisher's website.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

ARTICLE: Daniel M. Klerman, "Economic Analysis of Legal History"

mar, 2014-04-22 09:41
(source: Legal History Blog)

Daniel M. Klerman (USC Law School) published "Economic Analysis of Legal History" on SSRN, to be published in a forthcoming work on Methodologies of Law and Economics

This essay surveys economic analyses of legal history. In order to make sense of the field and to provide examples that might guide and inspire future research, it identifies and discusses five genres of scholarship.

Law as the dependent variable. This genre tries to explain why societies have the laws they do and why laws change over time. Early economic analysis tended to assume that law was efficient, while later scholars have usually adopted more realistic models of judicial and legislative behavior that take into account interest groups, institutions, and transactions costs.

Law as an independent variable. Studies of this kind look at the effect of law and legal change on human behavior. Examples include analyses of the Glorious Revolution, legal origin, and nineteenth-century women’s rights legislation.

Bidirectional histories. Studies in the first two genres analyze law as either cause or effect. In contrast, bidirectional histories view law and society as interacting in dynamic ways over time. Laws change society, but change in society in turn leads to pressure to change the law, which starts the cycle over again. So, for example, the medieval communal responsibility system fostered international trade by holding traders from the same city or region collectively responsible. Nevertheless, the increase in commerce fostered by the system undermined the effectiveness of collective responsibility and put pressure on cities and nations to develop alternative enforcement institutions.

Private ordering. A significant body of historical work investigates the ability of groups to develop norms and practices partly or wholly independently of the state. Such norms include rules relating whaling, the governance of pirate ships, and, more controversially, medieval commercial law (the “law merchant”).

Litigation and Contracts. Law and economics has developed an impressive body of theories relating to litigation and the structure of contracts. These theories often shed light on legal behavior in former times, including contracts between slave ship owners and captains, and the suit and settlement decisions of medieval private prosecutors.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: SIHDA 2014 website

mar, 2014-04-15 07:30

The website of the Société Internationale Fernand De Visscher pour l'Histoire des Droits de l'Antiquité-SIHDA 2014 is now active and operational for the registration and the first practical information at the following web address.

Catégories: Comparative Law News

WORKSHOP: Recent Research in the History of Public International Law (Ghent, 23 May 2014)

lun, 2014-04-14 04:14

On 23 May 2014, the Ghent Legal History Institute organizes a workshop on recent research in the history of public international law. 
Whereas legal history has traditionally mostly been that of private law, recent decades saw the emergence of separate journals and book series devoted to the study of other branches, such as the history of the law nations. The meeting has been set up at the crossroads between legal history, public international law and diplomatic history. Researchers from Belgium, the Netherlands, France and Germany will present their activities to qualified peers. Starting in the Early Modern Period and running up to the First World War, a representative array of sub-fields within public international law will be considered: the law of treaties, maritime law, legal theory, the laws of war or neutrality. Prof. Randall Lesaffer, an international authority in the field, will comment and conclude the day. 
Participation is free of charge, but registration is mandatory. Please contact Mrs. Karin Pensaert (Karin.Pensaert@UGent.be).

The program, platform text and bio-bibliographical information on the speakers can be found here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News