The MILAMOS Project is an ambitious and project buoyed by the input of academics, government officials, representatives of armed forces, and experts across disciplines and national boundaries. It is a truly global effort with participants taking part in their personal capacity and eager to contribute their expertise and knowledge to a project that will have global impact and hopefully affect global change in the way activities in outer space are conducted.
Funding for the MILAMOS Project comes predominantly from McGill University. The responsibility for the management of resources and for the ensuring the progress of the McGill Manual falls under the direction of the Project Director, Professor Ram Jakhu.
The Project Director also assumes administrative and financial responsibility for the Project, and heads the partnership of global institutions and stakeholders involved in the Project. The Project Director is assisted by Managing Editor Mr. David Kuan-Wei Chen, who heads the MILAMOS Secretariat that is responsible for providing the necessary administrative and logistical support for the Project, and is assisting in the editing of the text of the Manual.
The Board of Advisors and External Consultants will consist of prominent and experienced persons from various States and stakeholder institutions. The Board is present to advise the Project Director in the strategic direction and management of the Project, and to ensure that all relevant perspectives are adequately considered and reflected during the Manual-drafting process. The Board is also functions as a conduit to inform and engage States and governments about the manual-drafting process.
The Co-Editors of the Manual have the ultimate responsibility for directing the drafting of the Rules and Commentaries and the compilation of the Rules and Commentaries into the final text of the Manual. The Co-Editors are Professor Ram Jakhu and Professor Steven Freeland, who co-chair and lead the Editorial Committee, and together have the final say on the text of the Manual through consensus.
Editorial Committee. The Committee amalgamates draft rules, and ensures the final text of the black-letter rules and associated commentary of the Manual is coherently and consistent drafted in accordance with the standardised drafting guidelines. All major editorial decisions in the Committee are made by consensus, and if consensus is not possible, the Co-Editors will have final say. The Committee is composed of the Co-Editors, Co-Chairs of each Research and Drafting Group, the Lead Technical Expert, and invited External Experts or External Advisors, who are recognised and experienced persons from the public or private sector space operators, or academia from various States. Care has been taken to ensure the Editorial Committee members are recognised and experienced persons from the public or private sector space operators or academia from various States, with particular participation of experts from the major spacefaring States of China, Russia and the United States.Major editorial decisions in the MILAMOS Project are formally made by the
The Rule-Drafting Groups consist of two groups composed of Core Legal Experts (Group 1 and Group 2), and a Group of Technical Experts, composed of scientists and persons with specialist technical expertise in the space domain. To ensure seamless synergy between different areas of law applicable to military activities in outer space, rule-drafting will take place in incremental stages.
- Stage I: Laws applicable in times of peace, focusing on military uses of space in a global security context that is relatively benign.
- Stage II: Laws applicable in times of rising tensions, focusing on military uses of space in periods of tension and the legal characterisation of coercive or overtly hostile activities (use of force, jus ad bellum).
- Stage III: Laws applicable in times of armed conflict, focusing on military uses of space in the context of armed conflict (international humanitarian law, jus in bello).
Priority initially given to drafting and finalising rules applicable in times of peace (Stage I). Preparatory work and the framework for the rules under Stage II and Stage III of the Manual (respectively, the Law in times of rising tensions, and Law in times of armed conflict) will be continuously structured and refined in preparation for the actual rule-drafting process to begin.
Each Rule-Drafting Group is headed by Group Co-Chairs. Each Group will have equal importance in the Project, and will be composed of (5 to 7) Core Experts with balanced representation from all regions of the world and military, public, civilian and academic sectors. Associate Experts can also be members of the Research and Drafting Groups, and called upon to contribute and/or review rules on an as-needed basis. The Research Coordinator, Mr. Bayar Goswami, is present to initiate, supplement and ensure progress of the drafting process and coordinate the research efforts of the Core Experts. Research Assistants and Post-doctoral candidates will be present to assist the work of the Research and Drafting Groups.
For a detailed description and organisational structure of the Project, please refer to the attached document.