Quick Links

Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE AND CFA: "Ab Servi Usque Ad Operari History of Labour Law and Social Policy" (Kraków 24-25 January 2015)


WHAT: Ab Servi Usque Ad Operari History of Labour Law and Social Policy, the 9th international Conference of the Student Learned Society of State and Law History of the Faculty of Law and Administration at Jagiellonian University, Chair of History of Polish Law, Faculty of Law and Administration, Conference and Call for applications
WHERE: Krakov
WHEN: 24-25 January 2015
Deadline 7th December 2014



Presentation (by Kacper Górski)

"Dear Sir or Madam, I am delighted to invite you to attend and register for an international conference Ab servi usque ad operari – history of labour law and social policy, Krakow 24-25 January 2015. The event is organized by employers, PhD students and members of the Student Learned Society of State and Law History of the Faculty of Law and Administration at Jagiellonian University. The topic of this year's conference is history of labour law and social policy in the broadest sense. We expect papers e.g. on the following problems: status of slaves, legal problems of slavery, workers in the Middle Ages, forming and division of feudal society, guild statutes and membership, serfdom, enfranchisement of peasantry, legal aspects of industrialisation, the beginnings of trade unions and social insurances, anti-discriminatory acts, social policy during the Great Depression. We would like to invite young researchers of law and the history of law: graduate students, PhD students and PhD graduates. Applications for the conference should be received until the 7th December 2014 on an application form and should include a short summary of main theses (maximum 300 words; methodology, bibliography). The applications will be verified and subsequently a response will be send. What is essential, the positive decision is required to make a payment. A presentation cannot take longer than 20 minutes and texts for publishing cannot exceed the length of 40000 characters. The language which shall be used during the conference is English. An edited book, composed of verified texts, is expected to be published, likewise antecedent events. Student Learned Society of State and Law History Towarzystwa Biblio-teki Słuchaczów Prawa of Jagiello-nian University 



We provide participants with one meal during the conference. A conference fee is fixed at 100 zlotys (PLN)/25 Euros. The basic conference fee does not include accommodation. Conference organisers may provide accommodation in Students Hotels of Jagiellonian University for the price of 100 zlotys (PLN)/25 Euros per one night. For choosing accommodation selecting appropriate option in the application form is required. Bank account number will be attached to the response to your application." 
For more information please contact us via e-mail:konferencjakrakow@gmail.com 
We strongly invite you to come to Krakow. 
Sincerely yours,
Contact
  • Kacper Górski, Leader of Student Learned Society of State and Law History Straszewskiego Street 25/9, 31-007 Kraków - konferencjakrakow@gmail.com
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "La Crise du XIIe siècle Pouvoir et seigneurie à l'aube du gouvernement européen", by Thomas N. Bisson (2014)


La Crise du XIIe siècle Pouvoir et seigneurie à l'aube du gouvernement européen, by Thomas N. Bisson
Traduit par Béatrice Bonne en collaboration avec l'auteur Paris, Les Belles Lettres, 2014, 650 p.
All information here
La civilisation médiévale parvint à maturité dans une époque marquée par des événements retentissants telles la Conquête normande et la première croisade. Le pouvoir tomba aux mains d'hommes gravitant autour des châteaux, qui exercèrent des seigneuries coercitives peu soucieuses de l'ordre public. Assoiffés de pouvoir, en quête de noblesse, empiétant sur les domaines cléricaux, exploitant les paysans, les chevaliers en nombre croissant finirent par apparaître comme une menace pour l’ordre social et pour la paix.Dans La Crise du XIIe siècle, l’historien Thomas Bisson montre comment, dans une Europe sans gouvernement, les gens vivaient l’expérience du pouvoir et comment ils en souffraient. Repensant en profondeur une histoire familière, il rapporte les origines du gouvernement européen à une crise de la seigneurie et à sa résolution. Il explore les circonstances qui poussèrent les chevaliers, les nobles, les rois et les ecclésiastiques à insuffler des objectifs sociaux dans la seigneurie. La violence des puissants et les cris de protestation qu’elle provoqua contribuèrent ainsi à l’apparition de gouvernement dans les royaumes, les principautés et les villes.Embrassant magistralement toute la chrétienté, La Crise du XIIe siècle est une histoire culturelle sans équivalent du pouvoir dans l’Europe médiévale.
Auteur
  • Thomas N. Bisson est professeur émérite d’histoire médiévale à l’université de Harvard, spécialiste de l’histoire des institutions et du pouvoir en Catalogne et dans la France du Midi.

SommairePréfaceUsages et ConventionsAbréviations
Introduction
Partie I - L'âge de la seigneurie (875-1150)
Chapitre premier : L’ordre ancien
Chap. 2 : La quête de la seigneurie et de la noblesse
  • Contrainte, violence et perturbations
Chap. 3 : Les cultures de la seigneurie
Partie II - La domination seigneuriale (1050-1150): l’expérience du pouvoir
Chap. premier : La papauté
Chap. 2 : Les royaumes de la Méditerranée occidentale
  • Le León et la Castille
  • En vue des Pyrénées
Chap. 3 : Les terres impériales
  • La Bavière
  • La Lombardie
Chap. 4 : La France
  • L’Anjou
  • La Flandre
Chap. 5 : Les royaumes du Nord
  • La France capétienne
  • L’Angleterre normande
Partie III. - Les crises de pouvoir (1060-1150)
Chap. premier : Une difficile maturité
  • L’angoisse dynastique
  • Des accomplissements mêlés d’inquiétude
Chap. 2 : L’Église
Chap. 3 : Des sociétés troublées
  • La révolte saxonne et ses conséquences (1073-1125)
  • La France castrale (vers 1100-1137)
  • Des troubles sur la route des pèlerins (1109-1136)
  • Sahagún
  • Compostelle
  • La Flandre : Le meurtre de Charles Le Bon (1127-1128)
  • L’Angleterre (1135-1154) : « Lorsque le Christ et ses saints dormaient »
Chap. 4 : Une époque de tyrannie ?
Partie IV - Résolution: intrusions du gouvernement (1150-1215)
Chap. premier : Prospérité et crise de la grande seigneurie
Chap. 2 : Des « ombres de paix »
  • Aquitaine : des princes de mauvaise réputation
  • Anjou : la tyrannie de Giraud Berlai
  • Un évêque tyrannique (?) : Aldebert III de Mende (1151-1187)
Chap. 3 : Justice et reddition de comptes
  • Fidélité et reddition de comptes (1075-1150)
  • Comptabilité prescriptive
  • Vers une reddition de comptes dans les offices (1085-1200)
  • La dynamique de la croissance fiscale (vers 1090-1160)
  • Vers une nouvelle technique (vers 1110-1175)
  • Angleterre : les pipe rolls et l’échiquier
  • La Flandre : le Grote Brief et ses origines
  • Sicile : un conservatoire pluriculturel ?
  • La Catalogne : de l’exploitation à la gestion
Chap. 4 : Contrainte, compromis et office
  • Les chartes de franchise : quelques leçons
  • Au seuil de l’office
  • En vue des tours de Notre-Dame
Chap. 5 : Travailler avec le pouvoir
  • La Catalogne
  • L’Angleterre
  • La France
  • L’Église romaine
Partie V - Célébration et persuasion (1160-1225)
Chap. premier : Cultures du pouvoir
  • Une fidélité chantée
  • Le discours curial
  • Moralisation savante
  • L’expertise : les deux facettes
  • Le savoir
  • Le savoir-faire
Chap. 2 : Pacification
  • Les Capuchonnés du Velay
Chap. 3 : Politisation du pouvoir
  • La crise de la Catalogne (1173-1205)
  • La crise de la Magna Carta (1212-1215)
Chap. 4 : Pouvoir des états et pouvoir d’État
  • Les états des royaumes troublés
  • La grande seigneurie du consensus
  • Vers des états à pouvoir associatif
  • Vers une coutume parlementaire du consentement
Épilogue
Notes
BibliographieSources manuscritesSources impriméesOuvrages secondaires
Glossaire
Liste des cartes
Index
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Re-Interpreting Blackstone's Commentaries, A Seminal Text in National and International Contexts", edited by Wilfrid Prest (2014)


Re-Interpreting Blackstone's Commentaries, A Seminal Text in National and International Contexts, edited by Wilfrid Prest
all information here

This collection explores the remarkable impact and continuing influence of William Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws of England, from the work's original publication in the 1760s down to the present. Contributions by cultural and literary scholars, and intellectual and legal historians trace the manner in which this truly seminal text has established its authority well beyond the author's native shores or his own limited lifespan. In the first section, 'Words and Visions', Kathryn Temple, Simon Stern, Cristina S Martinez and Michael Meehan discuss the Commentaries' aesthetic and literary qualities as factors contributing to the work's unique status in Anglo-American legal culture.
The second group of essays traces the nature and dimensions of Blackstone's impact in various jurisdictions outside England, namely Quebec (Michel Morin), Louisiana and the United States more generally (John W Cairns and Stephen M Sheppard), North Carolina (John V Orth) and Australasia (Wilfrid Prest). Finally Horst Dippel, Paul Halliday and Ruth Paley examine aspects of Blackstone's influential constitutional and political ideas, while Jessie Allen concludes the volume with a personal account of 'Reading Blackstone in the Twenty-First Century and the Twenty-First Century through Blackstone'.This volume is a sequel to the well-received collection Blackstone and hisCommentaries: Biography, Law, History (Hart Publishing, 2009).
Editor
  • Wilfrid Prest is Professor Emeritus in Law and History at the University of Adelaide.


ContentsPrefaceList of ContributorsList of Illustrations List of Figures and TablesList of Abbreviations 


I WORDS AND VISIONS Blackstone’s ‘Stutter’: the (Anti)Performance of theCommentariesKathryn Temple William Blackstone: Courtroom Dramatist?, Simon Stern 2 Blackstone as Draughtsman: Picturing the Law, Cristina S Martinez 3 Blackstone’s Commentaries: England’s Legal Georgic?, Michael Meehan 
II BEYOND ENGLAND Blackstone in the Bayous: Inscribing Slavery in the Louisiana Digest of 1808, John W Cairns Legal Jambalaya, Stephen M Sheppard 5 Blackstone and the Birth of Quebec’s Distinct Legal Culture 1765–1867, Michel Morin 6 Blackstone’s Ghost: Law and Legal Education in North Carolina, John V Orth 7 Antipodean Blackstone, Wilfrid Prest 
III LAW AND POLITICS Blackstone’s King, Paul D Halliday Modern Blackstone: the King’s Two Bodies, the Supreme Court and the President, Ruth Paley 9 Blackstone’s Commentaries and the Origins of Modern Constitutionalism, Horst Dippel 10 Reading Blackstone in the Twenty-First Century and the Twenty-First Century through Blackstone, Jessie Allen 
Index
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Les universités au risque de l'Histoire. Principes, configurations, modèles" edited by Y. Bettahar, M.J. Choffel-Mailfert (2014)



Les universités au risque de l'Histoire. Principes, configurations, modèles, edited by Y. Bettahar, M.J. Choffel-Mailfert
all information here
Abstract

Au cours de ces dernières décennies, les universités ont été confrontées à un mouvement continu de réorganisation institutionnelle. Sollicitées de toutes parts, elles sont aujourd'hui sommées de relever de nombreux défis.
Cet ouvrage collectif prend le risque de l’Histoire pour tenter d’apporter des points de vue distanciés susceptibles d’éclairer les mutations actuelles. Il propose des contributions pour la plupart issues de recherches en cours, relevant de disciplines différentes (histoire, sociologie, philosophie, sciences de l’information et de la communication).
Les universités sont approchées dans leur complexité, en des temps et des lieux très divers. Leurs trajectoires singulières ne peuvent se lire sans évoquer la prégnance des modèles antérieurs, ni même indépendamment du poids du contexte, celui des guerres ou des révolutions, ou encore des environnements sociaux et économiques.
Le poids de l’histoire est aussi confirmé dans le cadre de comparaisons internationales qui confrontent le cas de la France, à ceux du Portugal, de la République tchèque, du Luxembourg, de la Suisse, du Royaume-Uni, du Chili, des États-Unis et du Japon. Quelles que soient les orientations retenues, les traces du passé résistent en dépit du credo qui tend à présenter comme inéluctable la marche vers une uniformisation mondialisée des systèmes d’enseignement supérieur.
Cet ouvrage montre finalement que, quels que soient les principes et les discours affichés par les organismes internationaux, les États ou les universités elles-mêmes, les réalités produites dans chaque pays, par chaque institution, n’ont pas toujours été celles qui étaient attendues. Même si les mutations actuelles paraissent dans une large mesure dictées par l’économie, elles sont aussi le résultat de l’intervention et de l’action des hommes qui réagissent aux opportunités qu’offre l’Histoire, pour en faire des ressources créatrices ou des contraintes qui obèrent l’avenir.
Sommaire
  • Yamina Bettahar, Françoise Birck, Marie-Jeanne Choffel-Mailfert – Présentation générale
Les fondements de l'université républicaine
  • Thomas Hippler – Les modèles universitaires en pratiques: les transformations du cours magistral au XIXe siècle, France/Allemagne;
  • Jean-François Condette – Des facultés lilloises à l'Université de Lille: une mutation entravée? Le travail du conseil de l'université (1896-1914);
  • Yamina Bettahar – L'Université d'Alger: une transposition singulière de l’université républicaine en terre algérienne (XIXe-XXe siècles);
  • Françoise Olivier-Utard – Une université idéale ? Le cas de Strasbourg (1872-1939).
L’université à l’épreuve des mutations sociales et économiques des années 1960
  • Cyprien Tasset – Comment juguler la production de prolétaires intellectuels? Les discours réformateurs contre la surproduction universitaire (XIXe-XXIe siècles);
  • Cédric Hugrée – Des enquêtes au palmarès. Éléments pour une socio-histoire de la quantification de l’insertion professionnelle des étudiants (1967-2010);
  • Sylvie Le Clech – Loi Faure et «nouvelle société»: une rhétorique post-1968 ? Sources et problématiques (1960-1975);
  • Marie-Jeanne Choffel-Mailfert – Les bâtiments universitaires nancéiens; logiques nationales et enjeux locaux (1958-1973).

Comparaisons internationales
Diffusion des modèles
  • Michel Reffet – Nationalisme et pragmatisme dans la scission de l’Université de Prague en 1882;
  • Ana Carneiro, Ana Simões, Maria Paula Diogo, Luís Miguel Carolino – De l’École polytechnique à la Faculté des sciences de Lisbonne: enjeux d’identité;
  • Nathalie Jammet-Arias – Les cinquante premières années de l’Université du Chili: de la vitrine culturelle de l’État chilien à la professionnalisation des filières;
  • Jun Oba – L’émergence et le développement de l’université japonaise entre héritages et adaptation de modèles occidentaux.
Internationalisation et new management
  • Morgan Meyer – La construction de l’Université du Luxembourg: histoire, politique et controverses;
  • Simon Paye – Un corps indomptable? Les universitaires britanniques entre auto-régulation professionnelle et cadrage organisationnel (1970-2010);
  • Catherine Paradeise, Stéphanie Mignot-Gérard, Jean-Claude Thoenig, Émilie Biland, Aurélie Delemarle, Gaële Goastellec –Pertinence et excellence en gestion. Quatre business schools dans leur histoire.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CFA: "Penser l’ordre juridique médiéval et moderne" (Clermont-Ferrand 21/22 January 2016)


WHAT: Penser l’ordre juridique médiéval et moderne, Call for applications
WHERE: Clermont-Ferrand, École de droit de l’Université d’Auvergne

WHEN: 21/22 January 2016

Deadline 30 April 2015

L’ordre juridique qui se met en place, en France, aux derniers siècles du Moyen Âge a encore tout récemment été l’objet de riches débats: l’auto-développement des coutumes, l’autorité des droits savants et l’interventionnisme du roi de France ont notamment été au coeur de vives controverses historiographiques. La lecture des sources – normatives, doctrinales et littéraires – est à l’origine de querelles interprétatives, auxquelles s’ajoutent des difficultés méthodologiques que rencontrent les historiens du droit.
Dans sa fonction éminemment rétrospective, l’histoire du droit s’efforce de décrire objectivement des institutions révolues ou un droit qui fut positif (les modes de création de ce droit, la production savante qui l’entoure et son application par les communautés professionnelles de juristes). Tandis que l’historien n’a accès qu’à une proportion infime du concret, celui-ci s’efforce de combler ces lacunes, parfois même à l’aide d’une projection des catégories juridiques contemporaines. Ce renversement de la projection historique – qui, naguère, a pu être l’objet d’une instrumentalisation idéologique – est consubstantiel au développement de l’historicisme juridique, en France, sous la Monarchie de juillet. Combattant par exemple l’adoration de la loi qui irradie la doctrine civiliste du XIXe siècle et dénigrant le positivisme froid hérité de la Révolution, certains historiens du droit – comme Giraud, Laferrière, Brissaud, Viollet ou encore Olivier-Martin – en sont venus à vanter le génie créatif et l’auto-développement de la coutume au Moyen Âge, dont ils ont fait un véritable dogme. Dans une perspective radicalement opposée, lorsqu’il s’agit de réhabiliter la législation du roi de France et l’emprise de celui-ci sur le phénomène coutumier, d’autres s’attachent à esquisser les contours d’un ordre juridique hiérarchisé: une telle approche ne révèle-t-elle pas une projection de la théorie contemporaine des sources du droit sur l’époque médiévale ou les stigmates du positivisme légaliste ? Cet anachronisme des concepts – parfois couplé à un anachronisme des faits – ne constitue-t-il pas ainsi l’un des vices rédhibitoires de la discipline ? Cette méthode ne présente-t-elle pourtant pas, à l’inverse, une indéniable vertu heuristique et disciplinaire?


Certains estiment alors que la théorie du droit est anhistorique, quand d’autres critiquent l’emploi par les historiens de plusieurs concepts contemporains, au premier chef la hiérarchie des normes. De fait, la question du recours à des controverses actuelles dans les recherches historiques semble ne pouvoir se faire sans précaution. On peut par exemple se demander dans quelle mesure le débat entre monisme et dualisme de l’ordre juridique contemporain sert à comprendre l’enchâssement des ordres juridiques au Moyen Âge et à l’Époque moderne. Outre de telles projections, c’est le sens donné à certains signifiants médiévaux ou modernes qui peut être relativisé, comme c’est le cas notamment pour les notions de droit positif, de droit commun ou encore de loi. Ces difficultés révèlent aussi à certains égards l’ambivalence de l’histoire du droit, entre science historique et dogmatique juridique.Ce colloque sera l’occasion de proposer une réflexion épistémologique sur l’un des grands enjeux de l’historiographie juridique contemporaine: peut-on penser l’ordre juridique médiéval et moderne à partir des catégories juridiques contemporaines?
Colloque organisé par
  • NICOLAS LAURENT-BONNE, professeur à l’Université d’Auvergne (Centre Michel de L’Hospital, EA 4232)
  • XAVIER PRÉVOST, professeur à l’Université de Bordeaux (Centre aquitain d’histoire du droit, EA 503)

COMITÉ SCIENTIFIQUE
  • MARIE BASSANO, professeur à l’Université d’Auvergne
  • JULIEN BOUDON, professeur à l’Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne
  • NADER HAKIM, professeur à l’Université de Bordeaux
  • NICOLAS LAURENT-BONNE, professeur à l’Université d’Auvergne
  • XAVIER PRÉVOST, professeur à l’Université de Bordeaux
  • FRANCK ROUMY, professeur à l’Université Panthéon-Assas (Paris II)
  • ANNE ROUSSELET-PIMONT, professeur à l’École de droit de la Sorbonne (Université Paris I)
  • MICHEL TROPER, professeur émérite à l’Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense
  • KATIA WEIDENFELD, professeur à l’École nationale des chartes
MODALITÉS DE L’APPEL À COMMUNICATIONLes projets de communication sont à envoyer avant le 30 avril 2015 à NICOLAS LAURENT-BONNE (nicolas.laurentbonne@me.com) et XAVIER PRÉVOST (xavier.prevost@ens-cachan.org).
Le projet doit comporter:
  • l’intitulé de la communication ;
  • la présentation de la communication et de ses sources n’excédant pas 2 500 caractères ;
  • un court CV.
INFORMATIONS COMPLÉMENTAIRESLes actes du colloque seront publiés chez LGDJ dans la collection Contextes, Culture du droit.Ce colloque constitue le premier volet d’un projet plus large, qui donnera lieu à une nouvelle manifestation scientifique début 2017 à Bordeaux. La réflexion sera alors centrée sur les problématiques similaires qui se posent concernant la recherche en histoire du droit privé.
LieuÉcole de droit de l’Université d’Auvergne, les 21 et 22 janvier 2016
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CFA: "UC Berkeley Seeks Director of Legal Studies" (July 2015)



WHAT: Call for application
WHERE: University of California, Berkeley

WHEN: from 1 July 2015

Via H-Net, we have the following job posting:
Director, Legal StudiesLocation: Berkeley, CASalary: Commensurate with experienceThis is a three-year renewable contract position at 100% timeExpected Start Date: July 1, 2015          The final deadline for applications is January 15, 2015
Job Description:The Legal Studies Program at the University of California, Berkeley School of Law seeks a full time academic coordinator and lecturer for the position of Director of Legal Studies. The Legal Studies Program was founded more than 35 years ago as one of the nation’s first interdisciplinary majors for undergraduates in law and legal studies. Along with the graduate program in Jurisprudence and Social Policy, the Legal Studies Program is committed to providing a substantive liberal arts curriculum on law and legal institutions, practices, and discourses. Legal Studies currently serves approximately 250 undergraduate students. Its teaching faculty consists of 19 scholars from a range of disciplines, including sociology, political science, history, economics, psychology, and law, supplemented by regular lecturers.The Director of Legal Studies will be responsible for the day-to-day administration of the program as well as working with the Associate Dean for Jurisprudence and Social Policy to evaluate and revise the program. The Director of Legal Studies will be the chief faculty adviser to all Legal Studies undergraduate majors, organizing and overseeing our honors program and advising students writing honors theses. The Director of Legal Studies will select and hire graduate students to serve as Graduate Student Instructors, resolve student academic problems that arise, and supervise multiple staff persons who carry out advising and course scheduling for Legal Studies. In addition, the Director will work with the Associate Dean for Jurisprudence and Social Policy to carry out curricular and budgetary planning for the department; and manage staff shared by Legal Studies, Jurisprudence and Social Policy, and the Center for the Study of Law and Society. The Director will collaborate with the Associate Dean for Jurisprudence and Social Policy to develop and implement the International Program in Legal Studies. The Director will operate as our liaison to the College of Letters and Sciences, to faculty teaching Legal Studies-related curriculum across campus, and at national conferences on Legal Studies. The Director will also teach in the Legal Studies Program. Teaching responsibilities will constitute up to 50% of the position responsibilities and would normally include teaching the Legal Studies Honors Pro-seminar in the fall of each year in addition to courses in the More information is available here
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "The Evolution of Law and the State in Europe. Seven Lessons", by Spyridon Flogaitis (2014)


Spyridon Flogaitis' "The Evolution of Law and the State in Europe. Seven Lessons", 2014, 122 p.

all information here

Most books about public power and the state deal with their subject from the point of view of legal theory, sociology or political science. This book, without claiming to deliver a comprehensive theory of law and state, aims to inform by offering a fresh reading of history and institutions, particularly as they have developed in continental Europe and European political and legal science. Drawing on a remarkably wide range of sources from both Western and Eastern Europe, the author suggests that only by knowing the history of the state, and state administration since the twelfth century, can we begin to comprehend the continuing importance of the state and public powers in modern Europe. In an era of globalization, when the importance of international law and institutions frequently lead to the claim that the state either no longer exists or no longer matters, the truth is in fact more complex. We now live in an era where the balance is shifting away from the struggle to build states based on democratic values, towards fundamental values existing above and beyond the borders of nations and states, under the watchful gaze of judges bound by the rule of law.Spyridon Flogaitis is currently Professor of Administrative Law at the University of Athens, Director of the European Public Law Organization, and an Attorney at Law of the Greek High Court and the Council of State. He is also a member of the Appeals Board of the European Space Agency. He was formerly President of the United Nations Administrative Tribunal (UNAT), Minister of the Interior, Public Administration and Decentralization (Aug-Sept. 2007) and Minister of the Interior (Aug-Sept. 2009). He has a Degree in Law from Athens University, a Docteur en Droit from the University of Paris II (Pantheon-Assas), a Docteur en Histoire from the University of Paris I (Pantheon-Sorbonne), and a Diplome de l'Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes. He is Doctor honoris causa, at the National School of Political Science and Public Administration, Bucarest and at the Faculty of Law, University of Lisbon. He is also a Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur (French Republic), and Cavalliere del'Ordine di Merito (Italian Republic).During 2013 he was the Arthur Goodhart Visiting Professor of Legal Science at the University of Cambridge.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK ANNOUNCEMENT: The Evolution of Law and the State in Europe

Juris Diversitas - mer, 12/03/2014 - 11:27
A new book from Hart Publishing by Spyridon Flogaitis. Click here to buy this title.
Most books about public power and the state deal with their subject from the point of view of legal theory, sociology or political science. This book, without claiming to deliver a comprehensive theory of law and state, aims to inform by offering a fresh reading of history and institutions, particularly as they have developed in continental Europe and European political and legal science. Drawing on a remarkably wide range of sources from both Western and Eastern Europe, the author suggests that only by knowing the history of the state, and state administration since the twelfth century, can we begin to comprehend the continuing importance of the state and public powers in modern Europe. In an era of globalization, when the importance of international law and institutions frequently lead to the claim that the state either no longer exists or no longer matters, the truth is in fact more complex. We now live in an era where the balance is shifting away from the struggle to build states based on democratic values, towards fundamental values existing above and beyond the borders of nations and states, under the watchful gaze of judges bound by the rule of law.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK ANNOUNCEMENT: The law of superheroes

Juris Diversitas - mer, 12/03/2014 - 11:18
An intriguing and entertaining look at how America’s legal system would work using the world of comic books.

The dynamic duo behind the popular website LawAndTheMultiverse.com breaks down even the most advanced legal concepts for every self-proclaimed nerd.

James Daily and Ryan Davidson—attorneys by day and comic enthusiasts all of the time—have clearly found their vocation, exploring the hypothetical legal ramifications of comic book tropes, characters, and powers down to the most deliciously trivial detail.

The Law of Superheroes asks and answers crucial speculative questions about everything from constitutional law and criminal procedure to taxation, intellectual property, and torts, including:
  • Could Superman sue if someone exposed his true identity as Clark Kent?
  • Are members of the Legion of Doom vulnerable to prosecution under RICO?
  • Do the heirs of a superhero who comes back from the dead get to keep their inherited property after their loved one is resurrected?
  • Does it constitute “cruel and unusual punishment” to sentence an immortal like Apocalypse to life in prison without the possibility of parole?
Engaging, accessible, and teaching readers about the law through fun hypotheticals, The Law of Superheroes is a must-have for legal experts, comic nerds, and anyone who will ever be called upon to practice law in the comic multiverse.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: 25 YEARS AFTER THE TRANSFORMATION - LAW AND LEGAL CULTURE IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE BETWEEN CONTINUITY AND DISCONTINUITY

Juris Diversitas - mer, 12/03/2014 - 08:17
Deadline: 31 December 2014
Quarter of a century ago, attheturn of 1989 and 1990, Central and Eastern Europe - then known as the ‘Soviet bloc’ - experienced an unprecedented socio-economic and political transformation. The hitherto existing system, known as ‘Actually Existing Socialism’, crumbled, and countries of the region started a transition towards a capitalist market economy and a political democracy.
The aim of the conference is to focus on the socio-legal aspects of the transformation. Whilst some areas, such as lustration and transitional justice, have been already thoroughly researched, others such as the impact of transformation upon private law, procedural law or general administrative law still remain to be analysed in more detail. In particular, an aspect which is generally neglected in contemporary scholarship are so-called ‘legal survivals’ of the socialist period, that is those legal institutions which have not been removed after transformation but still remain in place. Furthermore, some scholars argue that there is a strong continuity in legal culture, such as attitudes of judges and scholars to legal interpretation or generally held views on the place of law in society. Our aim is to invite a broad outlook upon the socio-legal aspects of transformation, including the role of law in the transformation of social conciousness, the construction of collective identities and the framing of social dialogue.

The conference will take place at the Masaryk University (Brno, Czech Republic), on 16-17.4.2015. 
Click here for the full text of this call.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALLS FOR PAPERS - BACK-TO-BACK CONFERENCES: Juris Diversitas (2-4 June 2015) and Irish Society of Comparative Law (5-6 June 2015)

Juris Diversitas - mar, 12/02/2014 - 09:22
NOTE: CALLS FOR PAPERS
The Juris Diversitas and Irish Society of Comparative Law annual conferences will be hosted back-to-back at the School of Law of the University of Limerick in Limerick, Ireland.
The theme of the former is ‘The State and/of Comparative Law’; the theme of the latter is ‘Comparative Law: From Antiquity to Modernity’.
See the links here and here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

REVIEW: International conference: «The Judicial Reform in Russia: Past, Present, and Future» (Moscow, 25–28 November 2014)

«The Judicial Reform in Russia: Past, Present, and Future»(Moscow, 25–28 November 2014)
reviewed by Dmitry Poldnikov (dpoldnikov@hse.ru)
The conference was organized by the Moscow Subdivision of the Association of Lawyers of Russia during the 4th Moscow legal week (25 November to 5 December 2014) and hosted jointly by two leading centres of legal education in Russia — the Faculty of Law of Lomonosov Moscow State University and Kutafin Academy of Law. It commemorated the 150th anniversary of the Judicial Reform of 1864 in the Russian Empire, one of the turning points in Russian legal history. In the aftermath of the defeat of Russia in the Crimean War (1853–56) this reform became a crucial part of the modernization of Russia as it set out to replace the slow, unpredictable, corrupt judiciary with a «prompt, equitable, humane, and equal to all (classes)» system of justice (to quote the manifesto of 20 November 1864 of Tsar Alexander II).By its purpose to re-examine the lessons of the past the conference motivated many renowned jurists (including those who usually deal with the contemporary law) to express their statements regarding this part of national legal history. The tone for the whole conference was set during the plenary session at Moscow State University (on 25 November) by the keynote speakers: Valery Zorkin and Gadis Gadzhiev (the chairman and the judge of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation respectively), Sergey Shakhray (the vice-rector of Moscow State University), Igor Isaev (the head of the chair of legal history at Kutafin Academy of Law), Elena Borisova and Leonid Golovko (professors of civil and criminal procedure respectively at Moscow State University).Talking about the lessons of the Judicial Reform of 1864 for modern day Russia Valery Zorkin (doctor iuris and graduate of Moscow State University) praised the national legal history as «the key to understand the logic of historical development of the law of the land». In his speech he focused on the «living history» which is «alive as long as we are willing to understand it… to look into the well of history in order to discern our own reflection down there». Zorkin went that far to describe all Russian legal history since the 19th century as the sequence of reforms and counter-reforms, the continuous clash of democratic and authoritarian tendencies. Contemplating the preconditions for the success of the former he underlined the duty of the reformers to evaluate the historical necessity of the proposed measures and to build on the continuity with the previous historical experience. Neglect of building the necessary foundation to support the modern liberal judiciary and procedural rules in 1864, according to Zorkin, caused unexpected consequences of this reform: instead of producing the social consensus in Russia it «infected the society with a rebellious psychology» (which led to the assassination of ‘Tsar emancipator’ Alexander II in 1881 and, ultimately, to the Bolshevik revolution of 1917) and pushed Russian authorities to pursue the path of counter-reforms. Hence, the lesson to be learned is that any reform should be designed and carried out to foster social consensus based on shared values and equality of possibilities.Other keynote speakers draw attention to the role of modern judiciary for establishing and maintaining free-market economy (Gadzhiev), paving the way to checks on the public authorities and separation of powers (Shakhray), breaking ground for civil society and democratic rule (Isaev). Despite various approaches to evaluate the Judicial Reform of 1864, all speakers seemed to underline the crucial importance of its lessons for Russia till now. During the first day of the conference this conclusion was backed up by Shakhray and Krakovsky who presented a new illustrated dictionary on the Judicial Reform of 1864 (with a foreword by Sergey Naryshkin, the chairman of the State Duma of the Russian Federation).On November 26–27 the participants of the conference split up into 34 sections and workshops (held mostly at Kutafin Academy of Law) dedicated to nearly all branches and academic disciplines of Russian law. The section on legal history met on 26 November. It gathered together presenters from numerous law faculties across Russia who investigated national and foreign experience in matters of reforming the judiciary as well as judicial procedure before and after 1864. Publication of selected conference papers is forthcoming. On 28 November the debating club of the Moscow Subdivision of the Association of Lawyers discussed the current issues of Russian judicial system.As the joint conference attracted lawyers from all over Russia, the organizers seized this opportunity to hold several other meetings, including the Third Congress of the Academy of Legal Sciences, the Annual Meeting of the Moscow Subdivision of the Association of Lawyers of Russia, the Fourth Chess Tournament of the Faculties of Law in Moscow, even the Fourth Art Festival of Moscow Law Students.Although the primary focus of discussions during this conference was on the current issues of judicial system in Russia, it undoubtedly fostered the dialogue between contemporary national law, comparative law, and legal history.

(Conference webpages: http://www.law.msu.ru/node/30516 and http://msal.ru/primary-activity/scientific-activities/conferences_workshops/index.php?id_4=1935in Russian)
The front matter of the official edition the Judicial Statutes of 1864 (the first part), available athttp://civil.consultant.ru/reprint/books/115/Tsar Alexander II, engraving dated 1880, from http://dlib.rsl.ru/viewer/01003902326Reproduction of Konstantin Savitsky’s (d. 1905) painting «Awaiting sentencing» (1895) at Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: The State and/of Comparative Law - Juris Diversitas Conference (2-4 June 2015 - Limerick, Ireland)

Juris Diversitas - lun, 12/01/2014 - 14:24
CALL FOR PAPERSJURIS DIVERSITASANNUAL CONFERENCE  2-4 June 2015School of Law, University of LimerickLimerick, Ireland
THE STATE AND/OF COMPARATIVE LAW
While any proposal on comparative law (broadly conceived) will be considered, the conference’s primary theme is the relationship between social and legal norms and social and legal institutions. In memory of Roderick A Macdonald (1948-2014) and H Patrick Glenn (1940-2014), both former members of our Advisory Council, particular attention will be given to the diverse themes of their scholarship: for example, ‘common laws’, ‘constitutive polyjurality’, ‘critical legal pluralism’, ‘everyday law’, and ‘legal cosmopolitanism’.
As with our past conferences, proposals on a wide variety of topics will be accepted: comparative jurisprudence and legislation, legal philosophy, legal education, law reform, etc. Presentations may be theoretical analyses or case studies on the past or present, North or South, East or West ….
Panel proposals and interdisciplinary presentations are strongly encouraged, as is the participation of doctoral students and scholars from outside of the discipline of law. While parallel sessions of three twenty-minute presentations will be used, we welcome more original session structures.
Proposals should be in English or French. Proposals of c250 words (or 1000 words for panel proposals) should be submitted to Olivier Moréteau at moreteau@lsu.edu by 15 January 2015, with a short biography or resume (c250 words). Please send Word documents only, with minimal formatting.
Registration fees are €200 (€125 for Juris Diversitas members paid up for 2015). Membership and fee payment information is available on the Juris Diversitas Blog (http://jurisdiversitas.blogspot.ie/). Note that fees don’t cover travel, accommodation, or the conference dinner (€50).
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Robert Kolb (ed.)'s Commentary on the League of Nations Covenant (Brussels: Bruylant, 2014)

 
Bruylant just published Prof. Robert Kolb (Geneva)'s collective commentary on the League of Nations' Covenant. 1400 pages cover a fundamental text for the history of international law, as well as our understanding of the UN Charter
Contributions by Pierre d’Argent, Louis Balmond, Giulio Bartolini, Christian Birebent, Laurence Boisson de Chazournes, François Bugnion, Emmanuel Bourdoncle, Vincent Chetail, Giorgio Conetti, Olivier Corten, Florian Couveinhes-Matsumoto, Luigi Crema, Yann Decorzant, Martin Denis, Giovanni Distefano, Gleider I Hernández, Ivan Ingravallo, Pierre Klein, Robert Kolb, Anne Lagerwall, Makane Vittorio Mainetti, Moïse Mbengue, Karin Oellers-Frahm, Bernardine Pejovic, Vassilis Pergantis, Géraldine Ruiz, Markus Schmidt, Matthias Schulz, Massimo Starita, Antonios Tzanakopoulos, Agatha Verdebout, Sylvain Vité, Nigel D. White and Emmanuelle Wyatt. 
The book can be ordered here and is available online on strada.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Duve (ed) on Entanglements in Legal History: Conceptual Approaches

Juris Diversitas - ven, 11/28/2014 - 15:33
I'm delighted to announce the publication of Thomas Duve (ed), Entanglements in Legal History: Conceptual ApproachesThe book is the first on a new series--Global Perspectives on Legal History 1--from the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History. It's free online here and available in Print on Demand. And for those interested, it includes my 'Entangled up in Red, White, and Blue: Spanish West Florida and the American Territory of Orleans, 1803–1810':
Legal History presents a broad panorama of historical processes that trigger theoretical reflections on legal transfers and legal transplants and on the problem of the reception and assimilation laws and other modes of normativity. In this volume, legal historians across the globe reflect on their analytical traditions and present case studies in order to discuss how entangled histories of law can be understood, analyzed and written.

In the first section of this volume, ‘Traditions of Transnational Legal History’, the authors revisit specific achievements and shortcomings of legal historical research against the backdrop of postcolonial and global studies. Reflections on our own disciplinary traditions that reveal the path-dependencies include critical accounts on the tradition of ‘European Legal History’,‘Codification history’, the emergence of ‘Hindu Law’, and the methodological aspects of Comparative Law.

The four articles in the second section, ‘Empires and Law’, showcase entangled legal histories forged in imperial spaces, for instance, through treaties concluded in the spheres of influence of ancient Roman Empire, which in this instance is analyzed as a process of ‘narrative transculturation’. Analogously, transnational institutions adjudicating merchant-disputes in the Early Modern Spanish Empire and normative frameworks constructed in a multilingual space shortly after its decline are analyzed as ‘diffusion and hybridization’. And finally, the spotlight is cast on the so-called ‘craftsmen of transfer’ and the bureaucrats that took practical comparative law as the basis to design the German colonial law.

In the third section, ‘Analyzing transnational law and legal scholarship in 19th and early 20th century’, seven case studies offer theoretical reflections about entangled legal histories. The discussions range from civil law codifications in Latin America as ‘reception’ or ‘normative transfers’, entangled histories of constitutionalism as ‘translations’ and ‘legal transfer’, formation of transnational legal orders in 19th century International Law and the International Law on state bankruptcies to the impact of transnational legal scholarship on criminology. All articles engage in methodological reflections and discussions about their concrete application in legal historical research.




ContentsIntroduction3Thomas Duve
Entanglements in Legal History. Introductory RemarksTraditions of Transnational Legal History29Thomas Duve
European Legal History – Concepts, Methods, Challenges67Inge Kroppenberg, Nikolaus Linder
Coding the Nation. Codification History from a (Post-)Global Perspective101Geetanjali Srikantan
Towards New Conceptual Approaches in Legal History: Rethinking “Hindu Law” through Weber’s Sociology of Religion129George Rodrigo Bandeira Galindo
Legal Transplants between Time and SpaceEmpires and Law151Emiliano J. Buis
Ancient Entanglements: The Influence of Greek Treaties in Roman ‘International Law’ under the Framework of Narrative Transculturation187Ana Belem Fernández Castro
A Transnational Empire Built on Law: The Case of the Commercial Jurisprudence of the House of Trade of Seville (1583–1598)213Seán Patrick Donlan
Entangled up in Red, White, and Blue: Spanish West Florida and the American Territory of Orleans, 1803–1810253Jakob Zollmann
German Colonial Law and Comparative Law, 1884–1919Analyzing Transnational Law and Legal Scholarship in the 19th and early 20th Century297Francisco J. Andrés Santos
Napoleon in America?
Reflections on the Concept of ‘Legal Reception’ in the Light of the Civil Law Codification in Latin America315Agustín Parise
Libraries of Civil Codes as Mirrors of Normative Transfers from Europe to the Americas: The Experiences of Lorimier in Quebec (1871–1890) and Varela in Argentina (1873–1875)385Eduardo Zimmermann
Translations of the “American Model” in Nineteenth Century Argentina: Constitutional Culture as a Global Legal Entanglement427Bram Delbecke
Modern Constitutionalism and Legal Transfer: The Political Offence in the French Charte Constitutionnelle (1830) and the Belgian Constitution (1831)461Lea Heimbeck
Discovering Legal Silence: Global Legal History and the Liquidation of State Bankruptcies (1854–1907)489Clara Kemme
The History of European International Law from a Global Perspective: Entanglements in Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century India543Michele Pifferi
Global Criminology and National Tradition: The Impact of Reform Movements on Criminal Systems at the Beginning of the 20th Century565Contributors
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Duve (ed) on Entanglements in Legal History: Conceptual Approaches (part of new series--Global Perspectives on Legal History 1--from the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History)


Thomas Duve (ed), Entanglements in Legal History: Conceptual Approaches is the first on a new series--Global Perspectives on Legal History 1--from the Max Planck Institute for European Legal HistoryIt's free online here and available in Print on Demand:
Legal History presents a broad panorama of historical processes that trigger theoretical reflections on legal transfers and legal transplants and on the problem of the reception and assimilation laws and other modes of normativity. In this volume, legal historians across the globe reflect on their analytical traditions and present case studies in order to discuss how entangled histories of law can be understood, analyzed and written.

In the first section of this volume, ‘Traditions of Transnational Legal History’, the authors revisit specific achievements and shortcomings of legal historical research against the backdrop of postcolonial and global studies. Reflections on our own disciplinary traditions that reveal the path-dependencies include critical accounts on the tradition of ‘European Legal History’,‘Codification history’, the emergence of ‘Hindu Law’, and the methodological aspects of Comparative Law.

The four articles in the second section, ‘Empires and Law’, showcase entangled legal histories forged in imperial spaces, for instance, through treaties concluded in the spheres of influence of ancient Roman Empire, which in this instance is analyzed as a process of ‘narrative transculturation’. Analogously, transnational institutions adjudicating merchant-disputes in the Early Modern Spanish Empire and normative frameworks constructed in a multilingual space shortly after its decline are analyzed as ‘diffusion and hybridization’. And finally, the spotlight is cast on the so-called ‘craftsmen of transfer’ and the bureaucrats that took practical comparative law as the basis to design the German colonial law.

In the third section, ‘Analyzing transnational law and legal scholarship in 19th and early 20th century’, seven case studies offer theoretical reflections about entangled legal histories. The discussions range from civil law codifications in Latin America as ‘reception’ or ‘normative transfers’, entangled histories of constitutionalism as ‘translations’ and ‘legal transfer’, formation of transnational legal orders in 19th century International Law and the International Law on state bankruptcies to the impact of transnational legal scholarship on criminology. All articles engage in methodological reflections and discussions about their concrete application in legal historical research.




ContentsIntroduction3Thomas Duve
Entanglements in Legal History. Introductory RemarksTraditions of Transnational Legal History29Thomas Duve
European Legal History – Concepts, Methods, Challenges67Inge Kroppenberg, Nikolaus Linder
Coding the Nation. Codification History from a (Post-)Global Perspective101Geetanjali Srikantan
Towards New Conceptual Approaches in Legal History: Rethinking “Hindu Law” through Weber’s Sociology of Religion129George Rodrigo Bandeira Galindo
Legal Transplants between Time and SpaceEmpires and Law151Emiliano J. Buis
Ancient Entanglements: The Influence of Greek Treaties in Roman ‘International Law’ under the Framework of Narrative Transculturation187Ana Belem Fernández Castro
A Transnational Empire Built on Law: The Case of the Commercial Jurisprudence of the House of Trade of Seville (1583–1598)213Seán Patrick Donlan
Entangled up in Red, White, and Blue: Spanish West Florida and the American Territory of Orleans, 1803–1810253Jakob Zollmann
German Colonial Law and Comparative Law, 1884–1919Analyzing Transnational Law and Legal Scholarship in the 19th and early 20th Century297Francisco J. Andrés Santos
Napoleon in America?
Reflections on the Concept of ‘Legal Reception’ in the Light of the Civil Law Codification in Latin America315Agustín Parise
Libraries of Civil Codes as Mirrors of Normative Transfers from Europe to the Americas: The Experiences of Lorimier in Quebec (1871–1890) and Varela in Argentina (1873–1875)385Eduardo Zimmermann
Translations of the “American Model” in Nineteenth Century Argentina: Constitutional Culture as a Global Legal Entanglement427Bram Delbecke
Modern Constitutionalism and Legal Transfer: The Political Offence in the French Charte Constitutionnelle (1830) and the Belgian Constitution (1831)461Lea Heimbeck
Discovering Legal Silence: Global Legal History and the Liquidation of State Bankruptcies (1854–1907)489Clara Kemme
The History of European International Law from a Global Perspective: Entanglements in Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century India543Michele Pifferi
Global Criminology and National Tradition: The Impact of Reform Movements on Criminal Systems at the Beginning of the 20th Century565Contributors
Catégories: Comparative Law News

The Peace Palace Library and Legal History


The excellent website of the Peace Palace Library (The Hague) posted three messages relevant to historians of international law:
  •  The announcement of  an upcoming lecture by dr. Maartje Abbenhuis (Auckland) on the 1899 and 19707 Hague Conferences, neutrality and the First World War (cf. dr. Abbenhuis' most recent monography on international great power politics in the long nineteenth century and neutrality at Cambridge UP)
  • An interview with Prof. dr. Henk Nellen (Erasmus University) on the publication of the English translation of his impressive Grotius-biography (link) (book webpage at Martinus Nijhoff/Brill)
  • "Grotius and the Dutch Jurists: the Bibliography Continues?" (interview with Dr. D. Osler, MPI Frankfurt) (link)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

SEMINAR: "Etat, société et diversité culturelle et religieuse" (Paris, December-April 2015)


WHAT: Etat, société et diversité culturelle et religieuseLES SEMINAIRES Norma 2014-2015
WHERE: 59-61 rue Pouchet, 75017 Paris M° Guy Môquet ou Brochant,RER C Porte de Clichy, Bus 66 arrêt "La Jonquière
WHEN: December-April 2015
Calendar
 
 12 december 10:00-12:00, salle 311
Karsten Lehmann, chercheur à  Vienne,"Organisations internationales et religions"

6 february 10:00-12:30, salle 159
Yves Bizeul, professeur à  Rostock,"Etat, migrations et religion en Allemagne: la gestion locale de la diversité religieuse en Allemagne"

5 march, 10:00-12.30, salle de conférences
Dominique Schnapper, Directeur d'études à l'EHESS,"L'esprit démocratique des lois"

9 april Programme en cours de définition, salle 159
Journée d'études du programme Sécularisation, post-sécularisation
 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

Pages