What is a Nurse Practitioner
Nurse practitioners (NP) are advanced practice nurses with graduate nursing preparation and specialized nursing knowledge and expertise enabling them to respond to the health needs of a particular population. Further to their advanced nursing practice role, NPs can perform eight additional reserved activities including diagnosing illnesses, prescribing medications and diagnostic tests, determining medical treatment plans, using invasive medical techniques or treatments, and providing pregnancy care. The NP works autonomously in the context of interprofessional collaboration with nurses, physicians and other healthcare professionals.
As advanced practice nurses, the NPs treat the whole person. They consider the impacts of illness on the person and the family and help to identify strengths and resources that enable optimal conditions for health and healing. NPs are also educators, health advocates and leaders. They act as consultants to the interprofessional team around complex care issues and they are involved in quality improvement and research initiatives to optimize health systems and outcomes.
McGill's Ingram School of Nursing is the only university program in Quebec to offer all five Nurse Practitioner specialties:
- Primary Care
- Mental Health
- Adult Care