Tools for Researchers

Building Relationships

The goal of working together to build long-term relationships is at the center of successful partnerships. McGill recognizes the importance of building trust and engaging in collaborative work with Indigenous communities.


"If you want to work with communities, work on relationship building." - Professor Treena Delormier, School of Human Nutrition


Before reaching out to Indigenous communities for guidance or research initiatives, McGill encourages students, faculty, and staff to learn about the land, colonialism in the past and present, and McGill's current and historical relationships with local communities. Access educational resources here.



  • Search "Indigenous" journals at McGill Library here.
  • Search "First Nations" journals at McGill Library here.
  • Search "Inuit" journals at McGill Library here
  • Search "Native American" journals at McGill Library here.
  • Search "Metis" journals at McGill Library here
  • See McGill's School of Social Work's Reference Resources and Tools

Research from Other Universities

Indigenous Research Methodologies (Lakehead University)

  • Absalon, K (Minogiizhigokwe). Kaandossiwin: How We Come to Know. Fernwood, 2011.
  • Castleden, H. "I spent the first year drinking tea: Exploring Canadian university researchers’ perspectives on community-based participatory research involving Indigenous peoples." The Canadian Geographer 2012; 56(2): 160–179.
  • Castleden, H. and Kurszewski, D. "Re/searchers as Co-learners: Life Narratives on Collaborative Re/search in Aboriginal Communities," Adult Education Research Conference, 2000.
  • Drawson, A. S. , Toombs, E. , Mushquash, C. J. "Indigenous Research Methods: A Systematic Review." The International Indigenous Policy Journal, 2017; 8(2).
  • Sylvestre P, Castleden H, Martin D, McNally M. "'Thank You Very Much... You Can Leave Our Community Now.': Geographies of Responsibility, Relational Ethics, Acts of Refusal, and the Conflicting Requirements of Academic Localities in Indigenous Research." ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies. 2018; 17(3): 750-779.
  • Institute for Integrative Science and Health. Two-eyed Seeing resources.
  • Kovach, M. Indigenous Methodologies: Characteristics, Conversations, and Contexts. UTP, 2009
  • Lakehead University - Office of Aboriginal Initiatives and Office of Research Services panel discussion, Two-Eyed Seeing: Bringing Indigenous and Western Technologies and Ways of Knowing Together. (Video) February 27, 2019. Moderator: Denise Baxter Panelists: Dr. Chris Mushquash (Lakehead University); John Dixon (Dilico Anishinabek Family Care); Dr. Lana Ray (Lakehead University); Deidre Bannerman (Canadore College); Holly Prince (Lakehead University); Maxine Crow (Naotkamegwanning First Nation)
  • Lakehead University - Office of Aboriginal Initiatives and Office of Research Services workshop, "Doing Research in a Good Way with Indigenous Partners" (Powerpoint Slides) September 27, 2019.
  • Levac, L., McMurty, L., Steinstra, D., Baikie, G., Hanson, C., and D. Mucina. "Learning Across Indigenous and Western Knowledge Systems: Reconciling Social Science Research Approaches." University of Guelph, 2018.
  • McGregor, D., Restoule, J.P., Johnston, R. Indigenous Research: Theories, Practices and Relationships. Canadian Scholars, 2018.
  • Ray, L. "Deciphering the 'Indigenous' in Indigenous Methodologies." AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples, 2012; 8(1), 85–98.
  • Smith, L. Decolonizing methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples. Zed Books, 1999.
  • Toombs, E. , Drawson, A. S. , Chambers, L. , Bobinski, T. L. , Dixon, J. , Mushquash, C. J. Moving Towards an Indigenous Research Process: A Reflexive Approach to Empirical Work With First Nations Communities in Canada. The International Indigenous Policy Journal, 2009; 10(1)
  • Wilson, S. Research Is Ceremony: Indigenous Research Methods. Fernwood Publishing, 2008.
  • Wilson, S., Breen, A., and L. DuPré. Research and Reconciliation: Unsettling Ways of Knowing through Indigenous Relationships. Canadian Scholar's, 2019.

Recommended Readings (University of Saskatchewan)

  • Akkio, Pekka and Martin Scheinin, eds. Operationalizing the Right of Indigenous Peoples to Self- Determination, Institute for Human Rights, Åbo Akademi University, 2000.
  • Alfred, Taiaiake. Peace, Power, and Righteousness: an Indigenous manifesto, Oxford University Press, 1999.
  • Battiste, Marie. Decolonizing Education: Nourishing the Learning Spirit. Purich Publishing, 2013.
  • Brown, Leslie and Susan Strega. Eds. Research as Resistance: Critical, Indigenous and Anti-oppressive approaches. Canadian Scholars’ Press, 2005.
  • Chilisa, Bagele. Indigenous Research Methodologies. Sage Publications, 2012.
  • Coulthard, Glen Sean. Red Skin, White Masks: Rejecting the Colonial Politics of Recognition, University of Minnesota Press, 2014.
  • Deloria, Vine, Jr. and Daniel R. Wildcat. Power and Place: Indian Education in America, Colorado: Fulcrum Resources, 2001.
  • Driskill, Qwo-Li. Queer Indigenous Studies: Critical Interventions in Theory, Politics, and Literature, University of Arizona Press, 2011.
  • Green, Joyce. Ed. Making Space for Indigenous Feminism, Fernwood Publishing, 2008.
  • Kino-nda-niimi Collective. Eds. The Winter We Danced: Voices from the Past, the Future, and the Idle No More Movement, Arbeiter Ring Publishing, 2014.
  • Kovach, Margaret Elizabeth. Indigenous Methodologies: Characteristics, Conversations and Contexts. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2010.
  • Lambert, Lori. Research for Indigenous Survival: Indigenous Research Methodologies in the Behavioral Sciences, Salish Kootenai College Press, 2014.
  • Razack, Sherene. Ed. Race, Space, and the Law: Unmapping a White Settler Society, Between the Lines, 2002.
  • Simpson, Leanne. Dancing on Our Turtle’s Back: Stories of Nishnaabeg Re-Creation, Resurgence, and New Emergence, Arbeiter Ring Publishing, 2011.
  • Smith, Andrea. Conquest: Sexual Violence and American Indian Genocide, South End Press, 2005.
  • Smith, Linda Tuhiwai. Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples. London: Zed Books, 1999.
  • St. Denis, V. Silencing Aboriginal curricular content and perspectives: “There are other children here.” Review of education, pedagogy, and cultural studies, 33(4), pp. 306-317, 2011.
  • St. Denis, V. Rethinking cultural theory in Aboriginal education. In M. Cannon & L. Sunseri (eds.), Racism, colonialism and Indigeneity in Canada: A reader, pp. Don Mills ON: Oxford University Press, 2011 Reprinted.
  • St. Denis, V. Aboriginal education and anti-racist education: Building alliance across cultural and racial identity, Canadian Journal of Education, 30(4), 1068-1092, 2007.
  • Suzack, Cheryl, et al. eds. Indigenous Women and Feminism: Politics, Activism, Culture, UBC Press, 2011.
  • Waters, Anne, ed., American Indian Thought: Philosophical Essays (Blackwell Publishing, 2004).
  • Wilson, Alex. How we find ourselves: Identity development and two-spirit people. In Ferguson, S. (Ed.), Race, gender, sexuality and social class. Dimensions of inequality. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2013.
  • Wilson, Shawn. Research Is Ceremony: Indigenous Research Methods. Fernwood Publishing, 2008.

Indigenous Education


Visit the Allyship Toolkits page for more classroom and academic resources. Visit the website for the Office of the Vice-Principal (Research and Innovation) for more information about research at McGill.

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