Program Requirements
The 18credit Minor permits no overlap with any other programs. It contains no Mathematics courses, although many of the courses in it have Math pre or corequisites. It will, therefore, be particularly appropriate to students in Mathematics, but it is also available to any Science student with the appropriate mathematical background.
Students in certain programs (e.g., the Major Chemistry) will find that there are courses in the Minor that are already part of their program, or that they may not take for credit because of a substantial overlap of material with a course or courses in their program. After consultation with an adviser, such students may complete the Minor by substituting any other physics course(s) from the Major or Honours Physics programs.
Required Course (3 credits)

PHYS 257 Experimental Methods 1 (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Introductory laboratory work and data analysis as related to mechanics, optics and thermodynamics. Introduction to computers as they are employed for laboratory work, for data analysis and for numerical computation. Previous experience with computers is an asset, but is not required.
Terms: Fall 2022
Instructors: Vachon, Brigitte (Fall)
Complementary Courses (15 credits)
15 credits to be selected as follows:
One of:

PHYS 230 Dynamics of Simple Systems (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Translational motion under Newton's laws; forces, momentum, work/energy theorem. Special relativity; Lorentz transforms, relativistic mechanics, mass/energy equivalence. Topics in rotational dynamics. Noninertial frames.
Terms: Fall 2022
Instructors: Guo, Hong (Fall)

PHYS 251 Honours Classical Mechanics 1 (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Newton's laws, work energy, angular momentum. Harmonic oscillator, forced oscillations. Inertial forces, rotating frames. Central forces, centre of mass, planetary orbits, Kepler's laws.
Terms: Fall 2022
Instructors: Gale, Charles (Fall)
One of:

PHYS 232 Heat and Waves (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : The laws of thermodynamics and their consequences. Thermodynamics of PVT systems and simple heat engines. Free, driven, and damped harmonic oscillators. Coupled systems and normal modes. Fourier methods. Wave motion and dispersion. The wave equation.
Terms: Winter 2023
Instructors: Hilke, Michael (Winter)

PHYS 253 Thermal Physics (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Energy, work, heat; first law. Temperature, entropy; second law. Absolute zero; third law. Equilibrium, equations of state, gases, liquids, solids, magnets; phase transitions.
Terms: Fall 2022
Instructors: Ryan, Dominic (Fall)
One of:

PHYS 241 Signal Processing (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Linear circuit elements, resonance, network theorems, diodes, transistors, amplifiers, feedback, integrated circuits.
Terms: Winter 2023
Instructors: Ryan, Dominic (Winter)
Winter
2 hours lectures; 3 hours laboratory alternate weeks
Prerequisite: CEGEP physics or PHYS 142.

PHYS 258 Experimental Methods 2 (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Advanced laboratory work and data analysis as related to mechanics, optics and thermodynamics. Computers will be employed routinely for data analysis and for numerical computation, and, particularly, to facilitate the use of Fourier methods.
Terms: Winter 2023
Instructors: Cooke, David (Winter)
Winter
6 hours of laboratory and classroom work
Prerequisite: PHYS 257
One of:

PHYS 224 Physics of Music (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : An introduction to the physics of music. Properties of sound and their perception as pitch, loudness, and timbre. Dissonance, consonance, and musical intervals and tuning. Physics of sound propagation and reflection. Resonance. Acoustic properties of pipes, strings, bars, and membranes, and sound production in wind, string, and percussion instruments. The human voice. Room reverberation and acoustics. Directional characteristics of sound sources.
Terms: Fall 2022
Instructors: Sankey (Childress), Jack (Fall)
Fall
3 hours lectures
Designed for students in the Faculty of Music but suitable for students with an interest in music and its physical basis.
Restriction: Not open to students who have taken PHYS 225

PHYS 228 Energy and the Environment (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Energy fundamentals, generation of electricity, heat engines, fossil fuel production and consumption, local and global effects, economic impact, transportation, and pollution and environmental impact of energy use. Nonrenewable energy sources (fossil fuels, nuclear) and renewable sources (solar, wind, hydro, geothermal).
Terms: Winter 2023
Instructors: Lovejoy, Shaun MacDonald (Winter)

PHYS 260 Modern Physics and Relativity (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : History of special relativity; Lorentz transformations: kinematics and dynamics; transformation of electric and magnetic forces; introduction to topics in modern physics.
Terms: Fall 2022
Instructors: Liu, Adrian (Fall)

PHYS 320 Introductory
Astrophysics (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : A survey of astrophysics ranging from stars and planets, to compact objects, galaxies, and the largescale evolution of the Universe. A calculusbased course, with a focus on simple mathematical derivations that capture the essential physics.
Terms: Fall 2022
Instructors: Schutz, Katelin (Fall)

PHYS 346 Majors Quantum Physics (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : De Broglie waves, Bohr atom. Schroedinger equation, wave functions, observables. One dimensional potentials. Schroedinger equation in three dimensions. Angular momentum, hydrogen atom. Spin, experimental consequences.
Terms: Fall 2022
Instructors: Vachon, Brigitte (Fall)
One of:

PHYS 340 Majors Electricity and Magnetism (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : The electrostatic field and scalar potential. Dielectric properties of matter. Energy in the electrostatic field. Methods for solving problems in electrostatics. The magnetic field. Induction and inductance. Energy in the magnetic field. Magnetic properties of matter. Maxwell's equations. The dipole approximation.
Terms: Fall 2022
Instructors: Du, Lipei (Fall)

PHYS 350 Honours Electricity and Magnetism (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Fundamental laws of electric and magnetic fields in both integral and differential form.
Terms: Fall 2022
Instructors: Lee, Eve J (Fall)