Copious evidence shows a positive association between socio-economic status and health both within and across countries. In this axis, we take a rather broad view of the social determinants of health literature and examine how social and economic factors, as well as institutions and policies, shape individuals’ vulnerability to and experience of poor health outcomes. For example, researchers in this axis have worked on several key questions such as 1) how access to private health insurance influences use of health care, 2) how the social and economic conditions in childhood affects adult men’s and women’s health in Mexico, 3) how social factors such as race, education, and neighborhood effects are associated with adverse reproductive health outcomes, 4) how pregnancy, fertility, and marriage impact women’s mental health, and 5) how social factors influence adolescent men and women’s risks of acquiring HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. Research conducted in this axis pays particular attention to issues of population health, sexual and reproductive health, and child health.
Members working in this area: Simona Bignami, Matthieu Chemin, Shelley Clark, Rebecca Fuhrer, Franque Grimard, Sam Harper, Jay Kaufman, Sonia Laszlo, Arijit Nandi, Amélie Quesnel-Vallée, John Sandberg, Erin Strumpf, and Zoua Vang.