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Centre on Population Dynamics

A new study by Shelley Clark and Sarah Brauner-Otto finds that divorce rates across 20 African countries over the past 20 years have remained stable or declined. See BBC Newsday interviewMcGill Reporter, the Standard Digital News (Kenya), Radio France Internationale,  Photo credit: Cassandra Cotton.

CPD members joined in the chorus of researchers calling for the reinstatement of the mandatory long-form census on October 22 and celebrating the November 5th announcement of its return.

The sweaty but happy team of CPD faculty, staff, students and loved ones, after a run/walk at the Canadian Breast Cancer Foundation Run for the Cure event on Sunday, October 4th, Parc Maisonneuve, Montreal.

Amélie Quesnel-Vallée discusses a recent International Labour Organization (ILO) study which shows that more than half of the global population aged 65 and above is excluded from urgently needed long-term care (LTC). CBC Interview. ILO report.

CPD doctoral students Sean Waite's and Nicole Denier's published article Gay pay for straight work was featured in the Atlantic, Gender and Society blog, Global TV news, Montreal Global interview and CTV news (article; long interview).

The CPD had a strong showing at this May's PAA conference with 11 CPD student members presenting their research. CPD doctoral student and Vanier scholar James Falconer (centre) receives a PAA Poster award with CPD director Shelley Clark (left) and CPD student trainee Xiaoyu (Annie) Gong (right).

Funded by the IDRC, CPD members Shelley Clark (PI), Sonia Laszlo, Franque Grimard, Sarah Brauner-Otto and team members from PCL, ISID, and APHRC will test the effects of child care on improvements in economic opportunities for poor, urban women in Nairobi, Kenya. More info.

Arijit Nandi and Sam Harper, with Centre for Microfinance and funded by IDRC, will lead an experimental field study to quantify the health and economic benefits of the non-profit Seva Mandir’s community-based day-care (Balwadi) program in rural Rajasthan. More info.  (Photo: Seva Mandir)

A mother carrying her child to a Nairobi slum daycare. See new African Population Health Research Centre (APHRC) video describing daycare issues and the McGill-APHRC GrOW daycare project (PI Shelley Clark). (Photo: APHRC)

Each week the popular Social statistics and population dynamics seminar features prominent domestic and international scholars addressing key topics across the areas of family, aging, health, immigration, education, skills acquisition and labour.

Welcome to the McGill Centre on Population Dynamics (CPD)!

The Centre on Population Dynamics was founded by Shelley Clark (Director), Céline Le Bourdais and Amélie Quesnel-Vallée and approved by the McGill University’s Board of Governors on May 1, 2012. A collaboration between three departments in two faculties (Sociology and Economics in the Faculty of Arts and Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health in the Faculty of Medicine), the Centre focuses on five research axes:  

  1.     Family Dynamics;
  2.     Social and Economic Determinants of Health;
  3.     Education, Skill Acquisition, and Labour;
  4.     Migration;
  5.     Aging over the life course.

These research axes are united by three overarching themes:

  •     Applied Quantitative Methods
  •     Life Course Perspectives;
  •     Global in scope, covering both developed and developing countries.

Recent Publications

*CPD trainee or student member

Auger N, ZC Luo, AM Nuyt, Jay S. Kaufman, AI Naimi, RW Platt, WD Fraser. Secular trends in preeclampsia incidence and outcomes in a large Canada database: a longitudinal study over 24 years. Canadian Journal of Cardiology. On-line Dec 18, 2016.

Shelley Clark and Sarah Brauner-Otto. 2015. Divorce in sub-Saharan Africa: Are Unions Becoming Less Stable? Population and Development Review. 41(4): 583–605. DOI: 10.1111/j.1728-4457.2015.00086.x. On-line Dec. 15, 2015.

hailey [dot] banack [at] mail [dot] mcgill [dot] ca (subject: your%20paper%20in%20the%20American%20Journal%20of%20Epidemiology) (Hailey R. Banack)* and Jay S. Kaufman. Estimating the Time-Varying Joint Effects of Obesity and Smoking on All-Cause Mortality Using Marginal Structural Models. American Journal of Epidemiology. DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwv168. On-line Dec. 10, 2015.

Liu Q, Jill Baumgartner, Zhang Y, Schauer J. 2016Source apportionment of Beijing air pollution during a severe winter haze event and associated pro-inflammatory responses in lung epithelial cells. Atmospheric Environment. On-line Dec, 2015. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.11.031

Hajna S, Ross N, Joseph L, Sam Harper, Dasgupta K. 2015. Neighbourhood walkability, daily steps and utilitarian walking in Canadian adults. BMJ Open. On-line Nov 24, 2015. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008964

Aniruddha Das, Otis N. 2015. Sexual Contact in Childhood, Revictimization, and Lifetime Sexual and Psychological Outcomes. Archives of Sexual Behavior. On-line Nov 18, 2015. DOI: 10.1007/s10508-015-0620-3

Amélie Quesnel-Vallé2015. Policies and Health Inequalities: State of the Field and Future Directions. Canadian Public Policy/ Analyse de Politiques. On-line Nov, 2015. DOI: 10.3138/cpp.41.s2.s1

britt [dot] mckinnon [at] mcgill [dot] ca (Britt McKinnon)*, Yang S, Kramer M, Bushnik T, Sheppard A, Jay S KaufmanComparison of black-white disparities in preterm birth between Canada and the United States. Medical Association Journal. On-line Nov 9, 2015. DOI: 10.1503/cmaj.150464

britt [dot] mckinnon [at] mcgill [dot] ca (Britt McKinnon)*, Sam Harper, Jay S. Kaufman. 2015. Do Socioeconomic Inequalities in Neonatal Mortality Reflect Inequalities in Coverage of Maternal Health Services? Evidence from 48 Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Maternal and Child Health Journal. On-line Nov 06, 2015. DOI: 10.1007/s10995-015-1841-8

Jill Baumgartner, Clark M. 2015. Studies of Household Air Pollution and Subclinical Indicators of Cardiovascular Disease Fill Important Knowledge Gaps. The Journal of Clinical Hypertension. On-line Oct 22, 2015. DOI: 10.1111/jch.12720

Frank J Elgar, //britt [dot] mckinnon [at] mcgill [dot] ca">Britt McKinnon*, Walsh SD, Freeman J, Donnelly PD, Gaspar de Matos M, Gariepy G*, Aleman-Diza AY, Pickett W, Molcho M, Currie C. 2015. Structural Determinants of Youth Bullying and Fighting in 79 Countries. Journal of Adolescent Health. On-line Oct. 14, 2015.

Nazif-Munoz, José Ignacio*. 2015. Did child restraint laws globally converge? Examining 40 years of policy diffusion. Traffic Injury Prevention. 16(2). Published online Oct. 5, 2015

Kaushal N, Lu Y, Nicole Denier*, Wang JSH, Trejo SJ. 2015. Immigrant Employment and Earnings Growth in Canada and the U.S.: Evidence from Longitudinal Data. NBER Working Paper.

Peel JL, Jill Baumgartner, Wellenius GA, Clark ML, Smith KR. 2015. Are Randomized Trials Necessary to Advance Epidemiologic Research on Household Air Pollution? Current Epidemiology Reports. On-line 28 Sept, 2015. DOI: 10.1007/s40471-015-0054-4

Eran Shor, Arnout van de Rijt, Alex Miltsov, Vivek Kulkarni, and Steven Skiena. 2015. A Paper Ceiling: Explaining the Persistent Underrepresentation of Women in Printed News. American Sociological Review. 80(5):960-984. DOI: 10.1177/0003122415596999.

entretien avec Amélie Quesnel-Vallée, Réalisé le 24 mars 2015 par Jim Ogg, « Évaluer la pauvreté au Québec », Retraite et société 2015/1 (N° 70), p. 135-138. On-line Sept, 2015.

Sam Harper, Charters TJ, Erin C Stumpf. 2015. Trends in Socioeconomic Inequalities in Motor Vehicle Accident Deaths in the United States, 1995–2010. American Journal of Epidemiology. On-line Sept 8, 2015. DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwv099

Urgquia M, Zoua M. Vang,, Bolumar F. 2015. Birth Outcomes of Latin Americans in Two Countries with Contrasting Immigration Admission Policies: Canada and Spain. PLOS ONE 10(8): e0136308. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0136308. On-line Aug 26, 2015.

Zoua M. Vang, Elo IT, Nagano M. 2015. Preterm Birth among the Hmong, Other Asian Subgroups and Non-Hispanic Whites in California. BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth 15(184):1-10. On-line Aug 21, 2015. DOI:10.1186/s12884-015-0622-0.

Pfortner T-K, Frank Elgar. 2015. Widening inequalities in self-rated health by material deprivation? A trend analysis between 2001 and 2011 in Germany, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. On-line Aug. 20, 2015. DOI:10.1136/jech-2015-205948

Steele R, Shrier I, Jay S. Kaufman, Platt RW. 2015. Simple Estimation of Patient-Oriented Effects From Randomized Trials: An Open and Shut CACE American Journal of Epidemiology. On-line Aug 16, 2015. 12(8), 9391-9407; doi:10.3390/ijerph120809391.

Zoua M. Vang, Eckstein SB. 2015. Toward an improved understanding of immigrant adaptation and transnational engagement: The case of Cuban émigrés in the United States, Comparative Migration Studies 3(6): 1-20. On-line Aug 12, 2015. DOI: 10.1186/s40878-015-0007-6.

Hamra GB, Jay S. Kaufman, Vahratian A. 2015. Model averaging for improving inference from causal diagrams, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 12: 9391-9407. On-line Aug. 11, 2015. DOI:  10.3390/ijerph120809391

Benmarhnia T, Deguen S, Jay S. Kaufman, Smargiassi A. 2015. Vulnerability to Heat-related Mortality. A Systematic Review, Meta-analysis, and Meta-regression Analysis. Epidemiology. On-line July 2015.

Gariepy G, McKinnon B, Sentenac M, Frank Elgar. 2015. Validity and reliability of a brief symptom checklist to measure psychological health in school-aged children. Child Indicators Research. On-line 31 July 2015. DOI 10.1007/s12187-015-9326-2.

Gariepy G, Thombs BD, Kestens Y, Jay S. Kaufman, Blair A, Schmitz N. 2015. The neighbourhood built environment and trajectories of depression symptom episodes in adults: A latent class growth analysis, PLoS ONE 10(7): e0133603. On-line July 24, 2015. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0133603

Richardson R*. Westley T, Gariépy G, Austin N*, Arijit Nandi. 2015. Neighborhood socioeconomic conditions and depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. On-line Jul 12, 2015.  DOI 10.1007/s00127-015-1092-4

hailey [dot] banack [at] mail [dot] mcgill [dot] ca (Hailey Banack)* and Jay S. Kaufman. 2015. From bad to worse: collider stratification amplifies confounding bias in the “obesity paradox,” European Journal of Epidemiology. On-line Jul 18, 2015. DOI 10.1007/s10654-015-0069-7.

Napoletano A, Frank Elgar, Saul G, Dirks M, Craig W. 2015. The view from the bottom: Relative deprivation and bullying victimization in Canadian adolescents, Journal of Interpersonal Violence. On-line May 18, 2015. DOI: 10.1177/0886260515585528.

Jacquemond M, Sébastien Breau. 2015. A spatial analysis of precarious forms of employment in France, Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie. DOI: 10.1111/tesg.12120.

Lowitt K, Hickey GM, Saint Ville A, Raeburn K, Thompson-Colón T, Sonia Laszlo, Phillip LE. 2015. Factors affecting the innovation potential of smallholder farmers in the Caribbean Community. Regional Environmental Change. 15(7):1367-1377. On-line April 2015. DOI 10.1007/s10113-015-0805-2.

britt [dot] mckinnon [at] mcgill [dot] ca (Britt McKinnon)*, Auger N, Jay S Kaufman. The impact of smoke-free legislation on educational differences in birth outcomes. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health Oct;69(10):937-43. On-line May 18, 2015. DOI:10.1136/jech-2015-205779.

Flenon A, Gagnon A, Zoua Vang, Sigouin J*. 2015. The Healthy Immigrant Effect in Canada: A Systematic Review. Population Change and Lifecourse Strategic Knowledge Cluster. Discussion Paper Seris. February 2015.