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Hydraulic and Water Resources Engineering

Description

Water resources engineering is the quantitative study of the hydrologic cycle -- the distribution and circulation of water linking the earth's atmosphere, land and oceans. Surface runoff is measured as the difference between precipitation and abstractions, such as infiltration (which replenishes groundwater flow), surface storage and evaporation. Applications include the management of the urban water supply, the design of urban storm-sewer systems, and flood forecasting. Hydraulic engineering consists of the application of fluid mechanics to

water flowing in an isolated environment (pipe, pump) or in an open channel (river, lake, ocean). Civil engineers are primarily concerned with open channel flow, which is governed by the interdependent interaction between the water and the channel. Applications include the design of hydraulic structures, such as sewage conduits, dams and breakwaters, the management of waterways, such as erosion protection and flood protection, and environmental management, such as prediction of the mixing and transport of pollutants in surface water. Hydroelectric-power development, water supply, irrigation and navigation are some familiar applications of water resources engineering involving the utilization of water for beneficial purposes. More recently, concern for preserving our natural environment and meeting the needs of developing countries has increased the importance of water resources engineering.

Civil engineers play a vital role in the optimal planning, design and operation of water resource systems. Job opportunities in hydrology and water resources are quite varied. Positions are available in large and small consulting firms, and at all levels of government (municipal, provincial and federal). Particularly in Quebec, due to its abundant water resources, hydrology has played an important role in the social and economic development of the province.

Recommended courses

In order to achieve a specialization in the area of Water Resources and Hydraulics Engineering at the undergraduate level, the following courses are:

  • Strongly recommended:
    CIVE 428 Water Resrces & Hydraulic Eng. 3 Credits
      Offered in the:
    • Fall
    • Winter
    • Summer


    CIVE 550 Water Resources Management 3 Credits
      Offered in the:
    • Fall
    • Winter
    • Summer

  • Recommended:
    EPSC 549 Hydrogeology 3 Credits
      Offered in the:
    • Fall
    • Winter
    • Summer


    CIVE 553 Course not available


    CIVE 570 Course not available


    CIVE 571 Course not available


    CIVE 572 Computational Hydraulics 3 Credits
      Offered in the:
    • Fall
    • Winter
    • Summer


    CIVE 573 Hydraulic Structures 3 Credits
      Offered in the:
    • Fall
    • Winter
    • Summer


    CIVE 574 Fluid Mech of Water Pollution 3 Credits
      Offered in the:
    • Fall
    • Winter
    • Summer


    CIVE 575 Course not available


    CIVE 576 Course not available


    CIVE 577 River Engineering 3 Credits
      Offered in the:
    • Fall
    • Winter
    • Summer


    CIVE 579 Course not available


    CIVE 585 Course not available


    MIME 434 Course not available