This domain covers research into normal and abnormal development and senescence, from early adulthood through late life and death with a particular emphasis on functional abilities and participation in daily life activities. The research on aging conducted by the researchers at SPOT covers a wide variety of topics from basic science to clinically based projects. These include the understanding of mechanisms underlying age-related changes or leading to functional limitations, the development and testing of novel therapeutic approaches or technology, the promotion of healthy aging or knowledge translation strategies to promote best practices amongst students and health care professionals. The focus of these projects is not only on individuals who have a health condition such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease, sensory impairments or cognitive impairments but also on healthy seniors. Most projects involve collaborations with researchers from different disciplines and geographical areas and in partnership with stakeholders (client & family, clinicians, decision makers…). Varied and novel research methodologies are employed to answer the research questions and to ensure the uptake of the research findings by stakeholders.
RESEARCHERS: Sara Ahmed, Patricia Belchior, Stefanie Blain-Moraes, Marie-Helene Boudrias, Isabelle Gélinas, Eva Kehayia, Heather Lambert, Anouk Lamontagne, Mindy Levin, Annette Majnemer, Nancy Mayo, Barbara Mazer, Melissa Park, Ana Maria Rodriquez, Marc Roig, Aliki Thomas
Currently Funded Projects Projects in Aging
Brain health research focuses on understanding the mechanisms and processes of recovery from injury or disease of the central nervous system affecting individuals across the lifespan. Researchers at SPOT contribute to interdisciplinary teams addressing diverse topics including mechanisms underlying cognitive and motor impairments, use of innovative technology for cognitive and motor training, development and translation of evidence of the effectiveness of different training approaches, development of enabling physical and social environments and knowledge translation. Populations targeted by this research include those with mild cognitive impairment, traumatic brain injury, stroke, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, developmental coordination disorder and neurological consequences of concussion and HIV/AIDS. Research projects include theoretical and experimental studies and involve collaborations and partnerships with local and international teams of scholars, decision-makers and clinicians.
RESEARCHERS: Dana Anaby, Philippe Archambault, Patricia Belchior, Stefanie Blain-Moraes, Marie-Eve Bolduc, Marie-Helene Boudrias, Marie Brossard-Racine, Isabelle Gagnon, Isabelle Gélinas, Eva Kehayia, Heather Lambert, Anouk Lamontagne, Mindy Levin, Annette Majnemer, Nancy Mayo, Barbara Mazer, Claire Perez, Cynthia Perlman, Richard Preuss, Marc Roig, Laurie Snider, Jadranka (Adriana) Spahija, Aliki Thomas
Currently Funded Projects Projects in Brain Health
Childhood disability research focuses on issues of relevance to infants, children and youth with developmental challenges with a particular focus on children with cerebral palsy, autism spectrum disorders and mild traumatic brain injury. Typically a wide range of stakeholders are involved in these projects to include children and families, clinicians, community organizations, policymakers, and of course, researchers across disciplines. Using mixed-methods approaches, researchers at SPOT are engaged in studies evaluating novel therapeutic interventions, as well as descriptive studies characterizing outcomes and their determinants, with a strong interest in participation. Of note, most researchers within this domain are carrying out knowledge translation research projects aimed at bridging the gap between scientific discoveries in this field and frontline practices and family awareness. Several evidence-based websites and multi-stakeholder national networks are being developed and expanded.
Currently Funded Projects Projects in Childhood
Educational research in occupational therapy and physical therapy focuses on identifying, implementing and evaluating best practices in curriculum design, teaching and learning methodologies and learner assessment. This field of inquiry aims to promote evidence-informed and student centered educational practices in rehabilitation that will ensure that graduates demonstrate the clinical competencies to provide state of the art rehabilitation services and remain lifelong learners and reflective practitioners. Researchers at SPOT are engaged in educational research related to a diverse set of topics including mentorship, teaching and assessment of evidence-based practice, clinical reasoning, interprofessional education, faculty development, clinical competence, fieldwork education and knowledge translation. These research projects include conceptual and empirical inquiries, and involve collaborations and partnerships with local and national teams of scholars, practitioners and professional associations.
Currently Funded Projects Projects in Education
Global health research focuses on trans-national health concerns, and the wide array of determinants and conditions that contribute to health and ill-health. This field of inquiry is interdisciplinary and intersectoral, and seeks to promote equity and “health for all” (Koplan, 2009). Researchers at SPOT are engaged in global health research related to a diverse set of topics including: governance and its implications for health, global health policy, ethics of global health initiatives, human resources in regions where the rehabilitation sector is emerging, and disability and natural disasters. These research projects include conceptual and empirical inquiries, and involve collaborations and partnerships with international teams of scholars, decision-makers and practitioners.
Currently Funded Projects Projects in Global Health
Research in Heart and Lung Health at the School of Physical and Occupational Therapy focuses on acute and chronic health issues involving the cardiorespiratory system. Researchers address diverse topics including mechanisms underlying breathing difficulties and exercise intolerance, the use of different adjuncts to exercise training, the development of outcome measures and evaluation of novel therapeutic interventions related to education, self-management, mechanical ventilation and physical rehabilitation.
Researchers in this domain also carry out knowledge translation research projects to promote best practices. Populations targeted by this research include patients admitted to an intensive care unit, individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma, and solid organ transplant candidates and recipients, as well as individuals with neurological conditions such as stroke or spinal cord injury whose cardiorespiratory system may be affected. Projects commonly involve collaborations with researchers from different disciplines and geographical areas.
Currently Funded Projects Projects in Heart and Lung
Mental health research focuses on emerging global policy on recovery (Mental Health Commission of Canada, 2009, 2012; World Health Organization, 2013), mental health service delivery systems, person centered and strengths-based assessments and intervention, and mental health promotion. This field of inquiry is interdisciplinary and intersectoral and includes research on the social determinants of mental health. Researchers at SPOT are engaged in mental health research related to a diverse set of topics including: design of new interventions, implementation and evaluation of recovery-oriented services with a particular focus on utilizing participatory processes. Our foci range from person-centered professional or clinical reasoning for persons with psychosocial issues related to chronic conditions and/or lifelong disability status and/or who have experienced psychosis, mental health systems transformation and occupational justice within the community. These research projects include conceptual and empirical inquiries, and involve collaborations and partnerships with international teams of scholars, decision-makers, practitioners and persons with lived experience of mental illness.
Currently Funded Projects Projects in Mental Health
The term Muscle & Bone Health encompass health problems of the locomotor system, meaning of muscles, the skeleton, tendons, cartilage, ligaments and nerves. Muscle & Bone Health include all forms of ill-health ranging from light, transitory disorders to irreversible, disabling injuries. Not surprisingly, these disorders result in an enormous social, psychological, and economic burden to society, and are the leading cause of physical disability. Researchers at SPOT are engaged in Muscle & Bone Health research related to a diverse set of topics including: clinical and basis science research, heath service and health policy research throughout the rehabilitation sector. These research projects include conceptual and empirical inquiries, and involve collaborations and partnerships with international teams of scholars, decision-makers and practitioners.
RESEARCHERS: Sara Ahmed, Dana Anaby, Marie-Helene Boudrias, André Bussières, Nancy Forget, Matthew Hunt, Mindy Levin, Nancy Mayo, Bernadette Nedelec, Richard Preuss, Shawn Robbins, Ana Maria Rodriquez, Marc Roig, Sara Saunders, Aliki Thomas, Timothy Wideman
Currently Funded Projects Projects in Muscle and Bone