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BOOK: Robert W. GORDON, Taming the Past : Essays on Law in History and History in Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017). ISBN 9781316644003, £ 24.99

(Source: Cambridge University Press)
Cambridge University Press recently published a new book on the usage of historical arguments by lawyers.
Lawyers and judges often make arguments based on history - on the authority of precedent and original constitutional understandings. They argue both to preserve the inspirational, heroic past and to discard its darker pieces - such as feudalism and slavery, the tyranny of princes and priests, and the subordination of women. In doing so, lawyers tame the unruly, ugly, embarrassing elements of the past, smoothing them into reassuring tales of progress. In a series of essays and lectures written over forty years, Robert W. Gordon describes and analyses how lawyers approach the past and the strategies they use to recruit history for present use while erasing or keeping at bay its threatening or inconvenient aspects. Together, the corpus of work featured in Taming the Past offers an analysis of American law and society and its leading historians since 1900.
Robert W. Gordon, Stanford University, CaliforniaRobert W. Gordon is a Professor of Law at Stanford University, California. He was President of the American Society for Legal History in 2000, has served on several bar association committees and task forces devoted to reform of the profession, and has previously taught at the University of Wisconsin, Yale University, Connecticut, Harvard University Massachusetts and the University of Oxford.
Part I. The Common Law Tradition in Legal Historiography:
1. The common law tradition in American legal historiography
2. Holmes' common law as legal and social science
Part II. Legal Historians:
3. James Willard Hurst, against the common law tradition - social-legal history's pioneer
4. Hurst recaptured
5. Morton Horwitz and his critics: a conflict of narratives
6. The elusive transformation
7. Method and politics: Horwitz on lawyers' uses of history
8. E. P. Thompson's legacies
9. Owen Fiss, the constitution of liberal order at the 'Troubled Beginnings of the Modern State'
Part III. History and Historicism in Legal History and Argument:
10. Historicism in legal scholarship
11. Critical legal histories
12. The past as authority and social critic
13. Taming the past: three lectures on history in legal argument
14. Originalism and nostalgic traditionalism
15. Undoing historical injustice.

For more information, see the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

ESIL ANNUAL CONFERENCE MANCHESTER - PRE CONFERENCE EVENT : Non-European experiences with the law of nations in comparative perspective (Manchester, 13 Sep 2018)

(image source: Travelodge)
The path from the European law of nations to a universal system of international law has attracted wide scholarly attention in the past decade. A variety of approaches have challenged the narrative of a European system that simply expands and covers most of the planet in the late 19th century. For example, scholars identifying with the TWAIL movement (Third world approaches to international law) have criticized modern international law as a product of western imperialism and colonialism. Building from this critique, other scholars have begun to ask how non-European conceptions and influences shaped and re-formed the European law of nations on its path towards becoming a global system. How can we read non-European jurists, lawyers, state leaders and peoples as producers, not just consumers, of international law?
Politicians, lawyers and activists from non-European countries are now seen as more than mere vessels through which the tradition of the European law of nations was stamped into new contexts. Rather, scholars now explore the impact of local elites in shaping the way international law was received into their regions. But to what extent were they successful in shaping international law as a whole? We need a stronger analytical framework to explore the broader picture and a more precise understanding of how each region’s or nation’s encounter with international law shaped both their own experience and aspects of the international system. 
After a double blind peer review-process, the ESIL Interest Group History of International Law selected the following papers:

Prof. dr. Nakai Ako (Kyoto University, Kyoto): Latin American International Law as the First Regional International Law: The First Step of Irreversible Relativisation of European International Law

The aim of this paper is to argue that Latin American international law, the first regional international law born under modern international law system, had a decisive impact on what international law is today by leading the historical separation of the notion of “international law” per se and “European international law.” When we discuss the non-European contribution to the history of international law, we tend to neglect Latin American international law. Some scholars see it as a simple “branch” of European international law mainly for two reasons below: (i)because the Americas share the civilisation with Europe; (ii)because Latin American international law emerged under the European-made international law system. However, these do not mean that the Americas did not confronted difficulties when they tried to become the producers of international law, nor their regional international law was recognised as a part of international law immediately. As first non-European group of nations entered the international society made of “civilised” nations, Latin American nations struggled with the difficulties and finally made their regional international law be recognised in late 19th Century. This opened the door to the new era where all other non-European regions’ nations can enjoy the status of producers of law and their own regional international law. When Latin American nations got independent in the beginning of 19th Century, the dominating international principles were that of Congress of Vienna based on dynastic legitimacy of European monarchies and balance of power between them. Although Vienna principles are purely European-made rules, these rules were considered as universal international law because “international law” was a mere synonym of “European international law” or “European public law” at that time. The challenge of Latin American international law begun in this context. Vienna principles were not at all suitable for American republics and almost incompatible with their independence or their status as sovereign States equal with European monarchies. The first initiative to create a set of international rules more suitable for the Americas was taken by Simon Bolivar in the 1820’s. He called this law “American public law” with clear intention to make it comparable to “European public law.”The efforts to codify American public law were continued throughout the 19th Century. Latin American countries held several regional congresses and adopted rules which did not exist in Europe or which were not yet established as binding international law, such as equality of states, pacific settlement of disputes, etc. From mid-19th Century, Scholars begun to argue these rules that have Latin American regional character as “Latin American international law”. While some rules of the said law remain as regional rules, some did become universal rules. As Carl Schmitt pointed out later, Latin American international law thus dismantled the monopoly of law-making power of European nations and resulted in the transformation of the whole character of international law which had been merely “European international law” in the past.As for theoretical interest, we can underscore that the recognition of the existence of Latin American international law broke up the conceptual identity of “European international law” and “international law” in academic arguments. As already mentioned, the emergence of non-European-made international law simply showed the fact that not all rules of international law are the same to European international law. Besides, alongside the State practices, Latin American jurists made influential efforts to explain: (i) the difference between “European international law” and universal “international law”; (ii) the possible co-existence of regional international law and universal international law; (iii) the possibility of American, African, Asian or even “European” international law as a regional international law. In the beginning of 20th Century, European scholars who advocate sociological objectivist theory allied themselves with this movement. By 1930’s, European international law was irreversibly relativised and begun to be perceived as a regional international law. International law became, in turn, a universal law for all nations who have different roots, backgrounds or civilisations. These great changes are seen in several literatures written by major European authors such as Bonfils, Fauchille, Scelles or others, with clear trace of influence by Latin American lawyer such as Alejandro Alvarez. Based on a comparative study of literatures and major State practices of both Europe and America from mid-19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, this paper will make following points: although Latin American international law is a rather new set of rules created under European international law system and not from non-European civilisation’s legal tradition, it played decisive role in (i) relativising European international law, (ii) historical separation of “international law” and “European international law, at both conceptual level and positive-rule level; (iii) and thus open the door to a new era where all non-European nations, not only American nations but also all other nations, can equally be the producers of international law.
dra. Lys Kulamadayil (Graduate Institute, Geneva): Fairy-Tale International Law
This paper evaluates the project of international legal reform which was launched at the Conference of Bandung and which found its culmination in the 1974 Declaration on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order and the Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States in light of their legacy and potential implications in resource-cursed states. It argues that, while most of the legal outcomes of the NIEO were short-lived, their making still marks a fairy-tale moment in the history of international law. But, rather than the “happily ever after” moment, what followed the NIEO in many resource-cursed countries was the perversion of the concept of popular sovereignty. It cannot be said with absolute certainly that the story would have been different if the spirit of Bandung had endured the oil revolution that gave rise to the law of the NIEO. Possibly the distributive outcomes in postcolonial resource-wealthy states would be different. Until the 1973 oil crises, Third World alliances had been united in their common quest to overcome the legacies of colonialism. Their quest had begun with the Conferences in New Delhi and Bandung where luminous figures of the Third World such as Gamal Abdel Nasser and Jawaharlal Nehru had developed and refined visions of more equitable global ordering, yet the NIEO project was owed to the of oil elites. This paper will suggest that the legal proposals of the NIEO would have probably not changed much for resource-cursed states if their footprint in contemporary international law was stronger, as these proposals would have only increased the resource trading monopole of the central government over the country’s natural resources, which, oftentimes is cause to the curse in the first place. As it was, the law of the NIEO was primarily catered to oil elites and, in some cases only provided legitimacy for the nationalization of the oil and gas industry, which had already occurred, either through the re-negotiation of agreements, or through outright violations of existing concessions. To develop its analysis, this paper will first provide an account of the history from Bandung to the NIEO moment from the perspective of oil elites. It will then proceed to suggest reasons for oil elites, in particular Algerian president Boumédiène, to pursue international legal reform as a strategy for his quest to achieve consequential resource sovereignty. Here it will be suggested, that much of this turn to law is owned to the concept of international development law, which was championed by French intellectuals and popularized at the 1st UNCTAD meeting. In the second part of this paper, the analysis will turn to the legacies of the NIEO project in contemporary international law. Three issues will be of particular interest here, namely the reform of contractual regimes in the oil and gas industry, the debate over the norms applicable to the expropriation of foreign assets and finally, jurisdictional questions with regard to the regulation of the activities of transnational corporations. Dr. Oleksandr Vodyannikov (OSCE): Forgotten Europe’s Borderland: the Rise and Fall of Indigenous System of ius gentium intermariae (X – XVII centuries) and postcolonial histories of Eastern Europe
The collapse of the ‘great narrative’ paradigm in historical science both caused a state of flux in scientific discourses and opened new perspectives. In the history of international law the narrative of a European system of public law that evolved into contemporary international law has been vigorously attacked as narrowly Eurocentric and ignoring other non-European experiences. Recent critical scholarship has embarked upon exploring “international law’s dark past” with its archetypical distinction between Europe and the Other. This paper will argue that otherness was also present in Europe in the formative period and the ethos of Europe was not monolith. The law of nations prior to become an instrument of the imposition of European rule overseas submerged and digested concurrent legal orders of Europe’s various peripheries.
The paper will start with methodological problems of legal history research. Eurocentric narrative of international law history is indeed incomplete, but the alternatives offered suffer no less severely from other vices - subjectivity and “tyranny of definitions”. Postcolonial studies of international law history have been obscured by the analytical frameworks that governed traditional scholarship on the subject. Reconstruction of the past is often distorted by modern definitions and notions A researcher is captive of his or her mentalité, “inverseprojection of modernity over past” (N. Iakovenko). This tyranny of definitions especially plagues legal history including history of international law. The paper will proceed with another point that has both methodological and historical import – the postcolonial accounts in Eastern Europe and nation-state bias in scholarship.
This paper will sketch out a history of experiences, legal order and relations between autonomous communities in Europe’s borderland between Black Sea and Baltic Sea that roughly encompass territories of modern Ukraine, Byelorussia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and western part of Russia. Though the very term ius gentium intermariae is purely inventory of the author, it purports to designate the unique system of rules and practices that emerged in Kiev Rus, shaped the relationships of entities that emerged on its ruins between them and with outer world from Xth though XVIIth century and vanished with the rise of westernised imperial Russia. The ambiguity of this region’s perception by the “mainland” Europe in high Middle Ages, Byzantine religious heritage and unique political network with hereditary principalities and powerful “republics”, common cultural space and heavy influences of Muslim world - all these shaped peculiar traditions and practices that differed significantly from their Western counterparts. Just to mention that the term “treaty” had over fifteen equivalents in old-Russian terminology. The paper will take this system to explore the impact of regional tradition in shaping the way international law was received into Eastern Europe, its influence on public law in general.The Steering Committee warmly invites all members and conference attendants to join us for the discussion.

Steering Committee
Jan Lemnitzer (president)
Markus Beham
Martin Clark
Frederik Dhondt
Hossein Piran

 More information (including registration) on the ESIL Conference's main page.
Categories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: International Days of the Society for Legal and Institutional History of Flanders, Picardy and Wallonia (Arras: Citadelle Vauban, 11-12 May 2018)

(image source: Arras Online)
Vendredi 10 mai
9h à 9h30 : Accueil des participants (petits pains au chocolat et croissants + café)
Ouverture par le Président de la CUA, Philippe Rapeneau, et par le Maire d’Arras, Frédéric Leturque
10 h 00 : Présentation des Journées par Pascal Hepner, Christian Pfister et Tanguy Le Marc’hadour
10 h 30 : Christine Hoët-van Cauwenberghe, Les extrémités occidentales des limites de la Gaule Belgique sous le Haut-Empire romain
11 h : pause
11 h 15 : Caroline Laske (Gand), “Free movement’ of peoples: Flemish land holdings in England”
11 h 45 : Cyril Clerbout (Université d'Artois), La déconstruction du territoire judiciaire de l'abbaye du Saint-Sépulcre de Cambrai 1636-1791
12h 15 : fin de la matinée

12h 30 déjeuner restaurant Le Venezia

13h50 : Accueil office du tourisme pour visite des « boves »
14h : Visite des « boves »
15 h 30 : Pascal Hepner (Université d’Artois), Signaler le criminel, un lien préservé entre les villes des anciens Pays-Bas au travers de la correspondance du magistrat d'Arras dans la dernière partie du XVIIIe s.
16 h : Paul Van Peteghem (Université de Nimègue), Arras, Boulogne et Ypres et les nouveaux diocèses aux Pays-Bas anciens. Des questions territoriales ?
16 h 30 : Pause
16 h 50 : Frederik Dhondt (VUB/Anvers/Gand), Les intérêts présents des puissances de l’Europe de Jean Rousset de Missy (1733) : territoires, souveraineté et argumentation juridique pratique.
17 h 30 : Fin de la journée et visite du site de la citadelle d’Arras
18 h 30-19h : Départ pour le banquet

Samedi 11 mai
9 h : Accueil des participants (Café…)
9 h 30 : Maki Fukuda (CHJ), "Le pouvoir pénal et le territoire : l'exposition du cadavre du condamné et les fourches patibulaires" 
10 h : Laurent Brassart, (Université de Lille IRHIS), "Le département : l'étonnante réussite d'un nouveau territoire administratif de 1789 à nos jours"
10 h 30 : Pause
11 h : Felipe Hernandez (EHESS), « Balkans occidentaux : de la construction et déconstruction des territoires à l’insécurité du territoire »
11 h 30 : Stanislas Horvat (Ecole Royale militaire de Belgique-VUB), La justice en Belgique occupée en 14-18
12 h 15 : pause déjeuner à la citadelle
14 h : Catherine Lecomte (Université de Versailles Saint Quentin), La protection des biens culturels entente d’occupation étrangère (titre provisoire)
14 h 30 : Guillaume Wattellin (Université de Montpellier), Le particularisme de la répression des crimes atroces devant le Parlement de Flandre : l'exemple de l'empoisonnement (1668-1789)
15 h : pause
15 h 15 : Assemblée générale
16 h Présentation de manuscrits anciens à l’Abbaye Saint-Vaast ou découverte du patrimoine arrageois.

Contact: dr. Tanguy Le Marchadour.
Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR APPLICATIONS: R. Roy McMurtry Fellowship in Canadian Legal History, DEADLINE 15 MAY 2018

(Source: Canadian Legal History Blog)
Via the Canadian Legal History Blog, please see the following announcement regarding the R. Roy McMurtry Fellowship in Canadian Legal History
R. Roy McMurtry Fellowship in Legal History
The R. Roy McMurtry Fellowship in Legal History was created in 2007, on the occasion of the retirement as Chief Justice of Ontario of the Hon. R. Roy McMurtry. It honours the contribution to Canadian legal history of Roy McMurtry, Attorney-General and Chief Justice of Ontario, founder of the Osgoode Society for Canadian Legal History and for many years the Society's President.
The fellowship of $16,000 is to support graduate (preferably doctoral) students or those with a recently completed doctorate, to conduct research in Canadian legal history, for one year. Scholars working on any topic in the field of Canadian legal history are eligible. Applicants should be in a graduate programme at an Ontario University or, if they have a completed doctorate, be affiliated with an Ontario University.
The fellowship may be held concurrently with other awards for graduate study. Eligibility is not limited to history and law programmes; persons in cognate disciplines such as criminology or political science may apply, provided the subject of the research they will conduct as a McMurtry fellow is Canadian legal history. The selection committee may take financial need into consideration. Applications will be assessed by a committee appointed by the Osgoode Society for Canadian Legal History.
Those interested in the 2018 fellowship should apply by sending a full c.v. and a statement of the research they would conduct as a McMurtry fellow to Amanda Campbell, McMurtry Fellowship Selection Committee, Osgoode Society for Canadian Legal History, Osgoode Hall, 130 Queen Street West, Toronto, M5H 2N6. Or to osgoodesociety@lsuc.on.ca. The deadline for applications is May 15, 2018.
(Source: Canadian Legal History Blog)
Categories: Comparative Law News

SCHOLARSHIP: Alan Rodger Postgraduate Visiting Researcher 2018/2019– University of Glasgow, DEADLINE 29 June 2018

(Source: University of Glasgow)

The University of Glasgow is inviting applications for the Alan Rodger Postgraduate Visiting Researcher, tenable for one semester at the University of Glasgow School Of Law, during the 2018/19 academic year:
The Alan Rodger Endowment at the University of Glasgow invites applications for the post of Alan Rodger Postgraduate Visiting Researcher, tenable for one semester at the University of Glasgow School of Law, during the 2018/19 academic year. The successful applicant will reside in Glasgow for the duration of the post, and will receive full access to the physical and electronic resources of the University’s libraries, as well as a stipend of £2,000. No duties are required, though the successful applicant will be invited, if he or she wishes, to speak to students, or at staff seminars.
The successful applicant will be working towards a Ph.D. (or equivalent research doctorate) in Roman law or legal history, and will not have earned a Ph.D. (or equivalent research doctorate), nor attained a permanent academic appointment, by the time he or she takes up residence in Glasgow. Within the broad fields of Roman law or legal history, any subject is acceptable, but please be aware that the successful applicant is expected to conduct research in areas where the resources of the University of Glasgow may profitably serve. Good facility with spoken English is desirable but not required. Candidates from the University of Glasgow are not eligible.
Full information on the post is available from the flyer at the link to the right. Briefly, an application includes:
  • a cover letter;
  • a curriculum vitae; and
  • a piece of written work (5,000 – 10,000 words).
The cover letter should give (1) the applicant’s name, postal address, and email address; (2) the expected date of completion of the doctorate; (3) a description of the applicant’s area of research (ca. 500–1,000 words); and (4) the names, and contact details, of two persons who are willing to serve as referees. Applicants should not submit references themselves, nor ask their referees to supply them. Applications will be reviewed by an academic panel.
Materials are submitted electronically to Prof E. Metzger at ernest.metzger@glasgow.ac.uk, with the subject line ‘Alan Rodger PVR’. The deadline is 29 June 2018.
For more information, see the website of the University of Glasgow
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Mark A. GRABER and Howard GILLMAN, The Complete American Constitutionalism, Volume Five, Part I (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780190877514, $125.00

(Source: Oxford University Press)
Oxford University Press will publish a book on the constitution of the confederate states next month. The book can be pre-ordered here.
The Complete American Constitutionalism is designed to be the comprehensive treatment and source for debates on the American constitutional experience. It provides the analysis, resources, and materials both domestic and foreign readers must understand with regards to the practice of constitutionalism in the United States.
This first part to Volume Five of the series covers: The Constitution of the Confederate States. The authors offer a comprehensive analysis of the constitution of the Confederate States during the American Civil War. Confederate constitutionalism presents the paradox of a society constitutionally committed to human and white supremacy whose constitutional materials rarely dwell on human bondage and racism. The foundational texts of Confederate constitutionalism maintain that racial slavery was at the core of secession and southern nationality. This volume provides the various speeches, ordinances and declarations, cases, and a host of other sources accompanied by detailed historical commentary.
Mark A. Graber is the University System of Maryland Regents Professor at the University of Maryland's Francis King Carey School of Law. He authored many books and articles focusing on American constitutional law, development, theory, and politics. He has been the section chair of the Public Law Section of the American Political Science Association and the Constitutional Law Section of the American Association of Law Schools.
Howard Gillman is Chancellor and Professor of Political Science, History, and Law at the University of California, Irvine. He has authored many books, contributed book chapters, and articles among which include: The Constitution Besieged: The Rise and Demise of Lochner Era Police Powers Jurisprudence (1993); and The Votes That Counted: How the Court Decided the 2000 Presidential Election (2001). He received a number of awards for his scholarly contributions, including the C. Herman Pritchett Award for best book in the field of public law, and the American Judicature Society Award for best paper presented at a regional or national conference, both bestowed by the Law & Courts Section of the American Political Science Association. He has chaired that section and been honored by it for exceptional service and mentoring.
Preface: The Banality of Confederate Constitutional EvilI. IntroductionII. FoundationsA. SecessionB. Sources1. The Federal Constitution and Amendments2. State Constitutions and Amendments3. Extra-Constitutional Sources of AuthorityC. Principles1. Jefferson Davis, Inaugural Addresses2. Inaugural Address of the President of the Provisional Government3. The Inaugural Address4. Robert Barnwell Rhett, The Address of the People of South Carolina, Assembled in Convention, To the People of the Slaveholding States of the United States 5. Thomas S. Bocock, Speech on Becoming Speaker of the House6. Alexander Stephens, Cornerstone SpeechD. ScopeIII. Constitutional Authority and Judicial PowerA. Constitutional AuthorityB. Judicial Structure, Section and JurisdictionC. Constitutional LitigationIV. PowersA. General PrinciplesB. Congressional Power over Domestic PolicyC. Congressional Power over War and Foreign PolicyD. Federal Power to Acquire and Govern TerritoryE. Federal Power to Enforce Civil RightsF. Legislative Structure, Processes, Staffing and PrivilegesG. State Powers under State ConstitutionsV. FederalismA. The Status of States in the Federal UnionB. State Regulation of CommerceC. State Sovereign Immunity and Commandeering of State OfficialsD. PreemptionE. Relationships Between StatesVI. Separation of PowersA. Presidential and Foreign Policy PowersB. Domestic Powers of the PresidentC. Presidential Power to Execute the LawD. Appointment and Removal PowersE. Delegation and Administrative AgenciesVII. Individual RightsA. Property Rights1. Contracts2. Takings3. Due ProcessB. Religion1. Establishment2. Free ExerciseC. GunsD. Person Freedom and Public MoralityVIII. Democratic RightsA. Free SpeechB. Voting RightsC. CitizenshipIX. EqualityA. Equality Under LawB. RaceC. GenderD. Native AmericansX. Criminal JusticeA. Due ProcessB. Habeas CorpusC. Search and SeizureD. Investigation and InterrogationsE. JuriesF. AttorneysG. PunishmentsH. Infamous Crimes and CriminalsBibliographyIndex
More information on the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Ed. Aniceto MASFERRER, The Western Codification of Criminal Law : A Revision of the Myth of Its Predominant French Influence [Studies in the History of Law and Justice], ed. Georges Martyn and Mortimer Sellers (Heidelberg/New York: Springer, 2018...

(Source: Springer)
Springer has published a book on the codificiation of criminal law in the West.
This volume addresses an important historiographical gap by assessing the respective contributions of tradition and foreign influences to the 19th century codification of criminal law. More specifically, it focuses on the extent of French influence – among others – in European and American civil law jurisdictions. In this regard, the book seeks to dispel a number of myths concerning the French model’s actual influence on European and Latin American criminal codes.
The impact of the Napoleonic criminal code on other jurisdictions was real, but the scope and extent of its influence were significantly less than has sometimes been claimed. The overemphasis on French influence on other civil law jurisdictions is partly due to a fundamental assumption that modern criminal codes constituted a break with the past. The question as to whether they truly broke with the past or were merely a degree of reform touches on a difficult issue, namely, the dichotomy between tradition and foreign influences in the codification of criminal law. Scholarship has unfairly ignored this important subject, an oversight that this book remedies.
Tradition and Foreign Influences in the 19th Century Codification of Criminal Law: Dispelling the Myth of the Pervasive French Influence in Europe and Latin America, Masferrer, Aniceto, Pages 3-50The Influence of the Napoleonic Penal Code on the Development of Criminal Law in Germany: Juridical Discourses, Legal Transfer and Codification, Härter, Karl, Pages 53-75Ignoring France? Possible French Influences on the Development of Austrian Penal Law in the 19th Century, Schennach, Martin P., Pages 77-93, The Influence of the French Penal Code of 1810 on the Belgian Penal Code of 1867: Between Continuity and Innovation, Cartuyvels, Yves, Pages 95-113 The Influence of the French Penal Code of 1810 Over the “General Part” of the Portuguese Penal Code of 1852: The Visible and the Invisible, Lacerda da Costa Pinto, Frederico (et al.), Pages 115-130 An Autonomous Path for the Italian Penal Code of 1889: The Constructing Process and the First Case Law Applications, Vinci, Stefano, Pages 131-161 The Roots of Italian Penal Codification: Nation Building and the Claim for a Peculiar Identity in Criminal Law, Pifferi, Michele, Pages 163-192 The Myth of French Influence Over Spanish Codification: The General Part of the Criminal Codes of 1822 and 1848, Masferrer, Aniceto, Pages 193-242 The Influence Exerted by the 1819 Criminal Code of the Two Sicilies upon Nineteenth-Century Spanish Criminal Law Codification and Its Projection in Latin America, Iñesta-Pastor, Emilia, Pages 243-278 The ‘Code Pénal’ in the Itinerary of the Criminal Codification in America and Europe: ‘Influence’ and Circularity of Models, Nunes, Diego, Pages 281-295 Codifying the Criminal Law in Argentina: Provincial and National Codification in the Genesis of the First Penal Code, Agüero, Alejandro (et al.), Pages 297-322 From Free Will to Social Defense (or from Cesare Beccaria to Cesare Lombroso): Julio Herrera and the Criminal Law Codification in Argentina (1903–1922), Núñez, Jorge A., Pages 323-339 The 1830 Criminal Code of the Brazilian Empire and Its Originality, Poveda Velasco, Ignacio Maria (et al.), Pages 341-368 The Mexican Codification of Criminal Law: Its Foreign Influences, Cruz Barney, Oscar, Pages 369-409 European and US Influences on the 19th Century Prison Reform, Vázquez, Isabel Ramos, Pages 413-427
More information on the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Sunita JOGARAJAN, Double Taxation and the League of Nations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781108421447, £ 110.00.

(Source: Cambridge University Press)
Next month, Cambridge University press will publish a book on the League of Nations’ work regarding tax treaties. The book can be pre-ordered here.
Modern-day tax treaties have their foundations in one of the three Model Tax Treaties developed by the League of Nations in 1928. Using previously unexplored archival material, Sunita Jogarajan provides the first in-depth examination of the development of the League's Models. This new research provides insights into questions such as the importance of double taxation versus tax evasion; the preference for source-taxation versus residence-taxation; the influence of theory and practice on the League's work; the development of bilateral rather than multilateral treaties; the influence of developing countries on the League's work; the role of Commentary in interpreting model tax treaties; and the influential factors and key individuals involved. A better understanding of the development of the original models will inform and help guide interpretation and reform of modern-day tax treaties. Additionally, this book will be of interest to scholars of international relations and the development of law at international organisations.
Sunita Jogarajan, University of MelbourneSunita Jogarajan is Associate Professor in the Melbourne Law School, University of Melbourne. She has published in the Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, British Tax Review and World Tax Journal.
PrefaceList of abbreviations1. Introduction2. Background3. Personality, politics and principles: the drafting of the 1925 Resolutions on Double Taxation4. The ICC and the development of the 1928 Models5. Turning resolutions into treaties – the drafting of the first Model Convention on Double Taxation6. The 'great powers' and the development of the 1928 Models7. One beget three – the drafting of the 1928 Model Tax Treaties on Double Income Taxation8. Lessons from history – where to from here?Appendix 1. Timeline/cast of charactersAppendix 2. 1925 Report Final ResolutionsAppendix 3. 1921 ICC ResolutionsAppendix 4. 1922 ICC ResolutionsAppendix 5. 1923 ICC ResolutionsAppendix 6. 1924 ICC ResolutionsAppendix 7. 1925 ICC ResolutionsAppendix 8. 1927 ICC ResolutionsAppendix 9. 1927 Draft Model ConventionAppendix 10. 1925 UK Finance ActAppendix 11. Thompson Art 10 ProposalAppendix 12. USSR Art 5 ProposalAppendix 13. USSR Art 10 and 11 ProposalsAppendix 14. Dorn and Borduge Draft ConventionAppendix 15. Thompson Draft ConventionAppendix 16. Adams Draft ConventionAppendix 17. Draft Convention IAAppendix 18. Draft Convention IBAppendix 19. Draft Convention IB CommentaryAppendix 20. Draft Convention ICAppendix 21. Draft Convention IC CommentaryBibliographyIndex.
More information on the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: Repository of Historical Gun Laws (Duke Law)

(Source: Duke Law School)
Through Rechtsgeschiedenis Blog, we learned of a new repository of historical gun laws (from the medieval age to 1776 for England, and from the colonial era to the middle of the 20thcentury for the United States) by Duke Law School. The repository can be found here.
Welcome to the Repository of Historical Gun Laws, a searchable database of gun laws from the medieval age to 1776 in England and from the colonial era to the middle of the twentieth century in the United States. This Repository is intended as a resource for scholars and practitioners interested in historical laws concerning firearms and other similar weapons. Although the Repository seeks to be substantial, it is not comprehensive. Conscientious users of this Repository should supplement their results with further legal and historical research.
Questions or comments about the repository can be sent to the following email: gunlaws@law.duke.edu  
For more information, see Duke Law School’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Rafael DOMINGO and Javier MARTÍNEZ-TORRÓN, eds., Great Christian Jurists in Spanish History [Law and Christianity] (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781108428071, £ 84.99

(Source: Cambridge University Press)
Next month, Cambridge University Press will publish a book on great Christian jurists in Spanish history. The book can be pre-ordered here.
The Great Christian Jurists series comprises a library of national volumes of detailed biographies of leading jurists, judges and practitioners, assessing the impact of their Christian faith on the professional output of the individuals studied. Spanish legal culture, developed during the Spanish Golden Age, has had a significant influence on the legal norms and institutions that emerged in Europe and in Latin America. This volume examines the lives of twenty key personalities in Spanish legal history, in particular how their Christian faith was a factor in molding the evolution of law. Each chapter discusses a jurist within his or her intellectual and political context. All chapters have been written by distinguished legal scholars from Spain and around the world. This diversity of international and methodological perspectives gives the volume its unique character; it will appeal to scholars, lawyers, and students interested in the interplay between religion and law.
Rafael Domingo, Emory University, AtlantaRafael Domingo is the Spruill Family Research Professor at Emory University, and ICS Professor of Law at the University of Navarra in Spain. A specialist in legal history, legal theory, ancient Roman law, and comparative law, he has published more than 20 books, including The New Global Law (Cambridge, 2011) and God and the Secular Legal System (Cambridge, forthcoming).
Javier Martínez-Torrón, Complutense University, MadridJavier Martínez-Torrón is Professor of Law at Complutense University, Madrid. He is vice-president of the section of canon law and church-state relations of the Spanish Royal Academy of Jurisprudence and Legislation. His scholarly writings include 22 books and have been published in 23 countries and in 13 languages.
Introduction Rafael Domingo and Javier Martínez-Torrón1. Isidore of Seville Philip Reynolds2. Raymond of Penyafort José Miguel Viejo-Ximénez3. Alfonso X Joseph F. O'Callaghan4. Francisco de Vitoria Andreas Wagner5. Bartolomé de Las Casas Kenneth Pennington6. Martín de Azpilcueta Wim Decok7 Domingo de Soto Benjamin Hill8. Fernando Vázquez de Menchaca Salvador Rus9. Diego de Covarrubias y Leiva Richard Helmholz10 Luis de Molina Kirk R. MacGregor11. Francisco Suárez Henrik Lagerlung12. Tomás Sánchez Rafael Domingo13. Juan Solórzano Pereira Matthew C. Mirow14. Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos Jan-Henrik Witthaus15. Francisco Martínez Marina Aniceto Massferrer16. Juan Donoso Cortés Jose María Beneyto17. Concepción Arenal Paloma Durán y Lalaguna18. Manuel Alonso Martínez Carlos Petit19. Álvaro d'Ors Rafael Domingo20. Pedro Lombardía Alberto de la Hera and Javier Martínez-Torrón.

For more information, see the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK : Emmanuel PIERRAT, La France des vaincus passe à la barre (Paris: Librairie LGDJ, 2018). ISBN 978-2-412-02690-8, 19,95 €

(Source: Librairie LGDJ)
Librairie LGDJ has just published a new book, dealing with the legal history of the purging of Nazi collaborators in France after World War II.
« Un pays qui manque son épuration se prépare à manquer sa rénovation. »Albert Camus, 1945. Combat
Dès les années 1940, avant même la libération de Paris et la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, l'épineuse question de l'épuration s'impose : Comment sanctionner ceux qui ont collaboré avec l'Allemagne nazie ? La France se déchire entre les défenseurs du pardon et les partisans d'une justice punitive pour les soutiens de Vichy.
Brossant un tableau de la France de l'après-guerre couvrant tous les milieux - intellectuels, politiques, ecclésiastiques, etc. - Emmanuel Pierrat dépeint ici un pays au bord de la rupture et analyse les tourments d'une société qui cherche à sortir d'une situation d'exception, violente et chaotique.Des femmes tondues aux lois d'amnistie en passant par les exécutions sommaires et les internements administratifs, ce livre nous fait revivre des années décisives à travers les destins de Pétain, Laval, Brasillach ou encore du constructeur automobile Louis Renault. S'appuyant sur de nombreuses sources judiciaires et journaux de l'époque, Emmanuel Pierrat nous plonge au coeur des désillusions, exécutions et reconstructions qui ont bouleversé la France pendant une décennie et qui entretiennent, encore aujourd'hui, de multiples tabous.
Emmanuel Pierrat, avocat et écrivain, est conservateur du musée du Barreau de Paris. Il est l'auteur de plus de soixante-dix ouvrages juridiques, de romans et de livres sur l'art. Bibliophile, il est passionné par l'Histoire. Il a notamment publié Les Francs-maçons sous l'Occupation, entre résistance et collaboration (Albin Michel) et Les Grands Procès de l'Histoire (La Martinière).
For more information, see the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Jennifer E. ROTHMAN, The Right of Publicity : Privacy Reimagined for a Public World (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780674980983, €36.00

(Source: Harvard University Press)
Harvard University Press will publish a new book on the history of the right of publicity next month. The book can be pre-ordered with the publisher.
Who controls how one’s identity is used by others? This legal question, centuries old, demands greater scrutiny in the Internet age. Jennifer Rothman uses the right of publicity—a little-known law, often wielded by celebrities—to answer that question, not just for the famous but for everyone. In challenging the conventional story of the right of publicity’s emergence, development, and justifications, Rothman shows how it transformed people into intellectual property, leading to a bizarre world in which you can lose ownership of your own identity. This shift and the right’s subsequent expansion undermine individual liberty and privacy, restrict free speech, and suppress artistic works.
The Right of Publicity traces the right’s origins back to the emergence of the right of privacy in the late 1800s. The central impetus for the adoption of privacy laws was to protect people from “wrongful publicity.” This privacy-based protection was not limited to anonymous private citizens but applied to famous actors, athletes, and politicians. Beginning in the 1950s, the right transformed into a fully transferable intellectual property right, generating a host of legal disputes, from control of dead celebrities like Prince, to the use of student athletes’ images by the NCAA, to lawsuits by users of Facebook and victims of revenge porn.
The right of publicity has lost its way. Rothman proposes returning the right to its origins and in the process reclaiming privacy for a public world.
Jennifer E. Rothman is Professor of Law and the Joseph Scott Fellow at Loyola Law School, Los Angeles.
IntroductionI. The Big Bang1. The Original “Right of Publicity”2. From the Ashes of Privacy3. A Star Is Born?II. The Inflationary Era4. A Star Explodes5. A Star ExpandsIII. Dark Matter6. The (In)alienable Right of Publicity7. The Black Hole of the First Amendment8. A Collision Course with CopyrightEpilogue: The Big CrunchNotesAcknowledgmentsIndex
More information on the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

PhD DEFENCE: Quentin Verreycken (UCLouvain/St-Louis), L’État de grâce. Guerre et usage du pardon en Angleterre, France et anciens Pays-Bas au XVe siècle (30 apr 2018)

We received the following announcement:
À la fin in du Moyen Âge, le droit de pardonner est, pour les monarques avides de souveraineté, aussi important que celui de punir. Parmi les centaines de justiciables à bénéficier chaque année de la grâce royale ou princière, les soldats constituent généralement une catégorie privilégiée d’individus. Du fait de conflits de longue durée tels que la guerre de Cent Ans, l’encadrement et le contrôle des violences des gens de guerre devient un enjeu important pour les pouvoirs publics, comme l’attestent la multiplication des règlements pour les armées, la mise en place de troupes permanentes, le renforcement de la justice militaire… et les nombreux pardons délivrés aux combattants. Cette thèse de doctorat porte sur les lettres de rémission et de pardon accordées aux gens de guerre en Angleterre, en France et dans les Pays‐Bas bourguignons au XV e siècle, et plus particulièrement pendant la période 1460‐1480. Il s’agit de la première étude comparée sur l’exercice du droit de grâce par plusieurs souverains du bas Moyen Âge. En mettant en parallèle l’octroi de pardons à des soldats avec la transformation des structures et de la discipline militaires entamée depuis le milieu du XIV e siècle, cette recherche vise à démontrer comment différents monarques font usage de leur pouvoir de remettre des crimes afin de servir leurs intérêts politiques et militaires. L’étude des demandes de grâce soumises par les gens de guerre permet également de nuancer l’idée que l’on peut se faire des violences militaires, ainsi que des rapports entre combaƩants et non‐combattants. La documentation permet enfin d’observer que la figure du soldat est elle‐même sujette à des transformations et tend de plus en plus à être conçue comme un office public, tandis que l’État s’affirme comme le seul détenteur de l’usage légitime de la force.Jury:
Jean‐Marie YANTE (UCL), Président Xavier ROUSSEAUX (UCL), Co‐promoteur Eric BOUSMAR (USL‐B), Co‐promoteur et secrétaire Hans COOLS (KU Leuven), Lecteur extérieur Anne CURRY (University of Southampton), Lectrice extérieure Bertrand SCHNERB (Université de Lille), Lecteur extérieur Valérie TOUREILLE (Université de Cergy‐Pontoise), Lectrice extérieure

The event takes place at 14:30 in the Salle du Conseil (Collège Erasme). More information here.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Leonard V. SMITH, Sovereignty at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780199677177, $45.50

(Source: Oxford University Press)
Oxford University Press will publish a new book on the 1919 Paris Peace Conference next month. The book can be pre-ordered with the publisher.
We have known for many decades that the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 "failed", in the sense that it did not prevent the outbreak of World War II. This book investigates not whether the Paris Peace Conference succeeded or failed, but the historically specific international system it created. It explores the rules under which that system operated, and the kinds of states and empires that inhabited it. Deepening the dialogue between history and international relations theory makes it possible to think about sovereignty at the Paris Peace Conference in new ways. Sovereignty in 1919 was about not just determining of answers demarcating the international system, but also the questions. Sovereignty in 1919 was about remaking the world.
Most histories of the Paris Peace Conference stop with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles with Germany on 28 June 1919. Sovereignty at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 considers all five treaties produced by the conference as well as the Treaty of Lausanne with Turkey in 1923. It is organized not chronologically or geographically, but according to specific problems of sovereignty. A peace based on "justice" produced a criminalized Great Power in Germany, and a template problematically applied in the other treaties. The conference sought to unmix lands and peoples in the defeated multinational empires by drawing boundaries and defining ethnicities. The conference sought not so much to oppose revolution as to instrumentalize it in the new international system. The League of Nations, so often taken as the supreme symbol of the failure of the conference, is better considered as a continuation of the laboratory of sovereignty established in Paris.
Introduction: The Riddles of Sovereignty at the Paris Peace Conference1. The Agents and Structures of Peacemaking2. The Sovereignty of Justice3. The "Unmixing" of Lands4. The "Unmixing" of Peoples5. Mastering Revolution6. Sovereignty and the League of Nations, 1920-1923Conclusion: History, IR, and the Paris Peace Conference
For more information, see the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: David BOUCHER, Appropriating Hobbes : Legacies in Political, Legal, and International Thought (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780198817215, $70.00

(Source: Oxford University Press)
Oxford University Press will publish a new book on Thomas Hobbes next month. The book can be pre-ordered with the publisher.
This book explores how Hobbes's political philosophy has occupied a pertinent place in different contexts, and how his interpreters see their own images reflected in him, or how they define themselves in contrast to him. Appropriating Hobbes argues that there is no Hobbes independent of the interpretations that arise from his appropriation in these various contexts and which serve to present him to the world. There is no one perfect context that enables us to get at what Hobbes 'really meant', despite the numerous claims to the contrary. He is almost indistinguishable from the context in which he is read.
This contention is justified with reference to hermeneutics, and particularly the theories of Gadamer, Koselleck, and Ricoeur, contending that through a process of 'distanciation' Hobbes's writings have been appropriated and commandeered to do service in divergent contexts such as philosophical idealism; debates over the philosophical versus historical understanding of texts; as well as in ideological disputations, and emblematic characterisations of him by various disciplines such as law, politics, and international relations. This volume illustrates the capacity of a text to take on the colouration of its surroundings by exploring and explicating the importance of contexts in reading and understanding how and why particular interpretations of Hobbes have emerged, such as those of Carl Schmitt and Michael Oakeshott, or the international jurists of the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries.
Introduction: Hobbes in Contexts1. Hobbes Among the Philosophical Idealists: A Will that is Actual, but Not General2. Understanding Hobbes: Philosophy versus Ideology3. Constraining Leviathan: Power versus authority in Hobbes, Schmitt, and Oakeshott.4. Hobbes Among the Classic Jurists: Natural Law versus the Law of Nations5. Hobbes Among Legal Positivists: Sovereign or Society?6. Hobbes Among International Relations thinkers: International Political Theory
For more information, see the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: ESCLH 5Th BIENNAL CONFERENCE (Paris, 28-30 Jun 2018) - Laws Across Codes and Laws Decoded: updated program and registration information

Please find below the updated program and registration information for the ESCLH Conference coming June.

ESCLH 5th Biennal Conference, Paris, 28-30 June, 2018 : Laws Across Codes and Laws Decoded

Thursday, the 28th of June
1)    PhD presentations:
Ecole normale suéprieure, 48 Boulevard Jourdan, PhD presentations in two rooms (R1 07, R2 02), 9h00-12h30
1)    panel
-Tina Miletić (Split), Concept of testamentum in Medieval Dalmatia- Łukasz Gołaszewski (Warsaw), Meandering way of the change of the civil and canon laws in 16th – 17th century Poland – a case of tithes and significance of legal practice- Kaat Cappelle (Brussels), Married Women as legal agents in sixteenth-century Antwerp and Leuven- Przemysław Gawron (Warsaw) and Jan Jerzy Sowa (Warsaw), Military Law between Codes and Realities of Early Modern Warfare. Codification and Decodification of Military Law in 17th Century England, Poland-Lithuania and Sweden- Juan Manuel Hernandez-Velez (Paris), Emilien Petit (1713-1780) : a comparatist of codification avant la lettre- Rafal Kaczmarczyk (Warsaw), The diverse model of codification, establishment or recognition of criminal law in Muslim countries- Piotr Alexandrowicz (Poznan), The Code as an Instrument: the History of Canon Law and the Codification in the Church- Naveen Kanalu Ramamurthy (Los Angeles), The Sublime Jurisprudence of Roman Law: British Jurists and the Codification of Islamic Law in Eighteenth-Century Colonial India- Sebastian L. Spitra (Vienna), Codifying World Cultural Heritage: The Quest for New Narratives of a Global Legal History 
2)    panel- Payam Ahmadi-Rouzbahani (Paris), Between Islamic Law and Civilian Tradition: The Particular Role of Codification in Making Iranian Civil Law through French Transplants
- Adrien Wyssbrod (Neuchâtel), The Supremacy of the Code in Continental Europe
- Omer Aloni (Tel Aviv), Whales, high seas and the codification of international law: the League of Nations and the whaling dilemma, a case study in comparative legal history – 1919-1939
- Evlampia Tsolaki (Thessaloniki), The Paradigm of the Hellenic Civil Code
- Elisabeth Bruyère (Ghent), Civil Code and Nature Law
- Kellen Funk (Princeton), An Empire in itself: the Migration of New Yorks Remedial Code
- Julie Rocheton (Paris), The 19th century American Definition of Civil Code
- Matthieu Juneau (Québec), The influence of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council on the interpretation of the Civil Code of Lower Canada
- Airton Ribeiro da Silva Junior (Firenze), Brazilian efforts on the codification of international law in the early twentieth century: the trajectory of the Epitácio Pessoa's draft code on public international law

Thursday 28th of June 14:00 – 19:00 PLENARY SESSION

Ecole normale supérieure, 45, rue d’Ulm, 75005 Paris, Dussane Room (Enter the main building, take the corridor to the left. The Dussane room is at the end on the left).

14h- 15h Registration and Greetings by the ESCLH President Aniceto Masferrer
15H 16h 30 Key Notes:
Catharine MacMillan (King’s College, London):Why English law is not codified: the unsuccessful efforts of Victorian jurists
Pedro Barbas Homem (University of Lisbon):Science of legislation and codification. The preparation of codification by legal literature in Portugal and Brazil

16h30 coffee break
17h-18h 30 First panel - Luigi Lacché (Macerata), An impossible codification? Drafting Principles of Administrative Law: the Italian Experience in a Comparative perspective (19th-20thcenturies)- Matt Dyson (Oxford), Legal Change in Tort in the shadow of codification- Dirk Heirbaut (Ghent), Past failures are no guarantee of a future flop: why Belgium's dismal codification record may enable radical change today
18h30- 19h Legal education in Paris, Jean-Louis Halpérin

Friday 29th of June, Beginning at 9h00 am, coffee break 10h30-11h, lunch buffet 12h30-13h30, concert and dinner 19h00)
I)              Amphitheater Jourdan, 48 boulevard Jourdan 75014 Paris                                                              9h-10h30 Panel Criminal CodificationKarl Härter (Darmstadt), Aniceto Masferrer (Valencia), Isabel Ramos-Vázquez (Jaén), Juan B. Cañizares-Navarro (Jaén), Criminal law and the Limits of State Power in the Era of Codification
11h-12h30 Why a Civil Code?Hans Schulte-Nölke (Osnabrück), On the purposes of Civil Law CodificationNir Kedar (Bar-Ilan), The Symbolic Aspect of Civil CodeConstantin Willems (Marburg), Advocating Codes – from Thibaut to European Contract Law
13h30 – 15h00 Panel Legal Practices and Legal Professions in the 19th Century Japan, China, the Ottoman Empire, and EnglandMurat Burak Aydin (Frankfurt), Lena Foljanty (Frankfurt), Yu Wang (Frankfurt), Zeynep Yazici Caglar (Frankfurt)
15h15-16h45 Panel Hungary Codification   Judit Beke-Martos (Bochum), Zsuzsanna Peres (Budapest), Imre Képessy (Budapest), Modernization through Codification? External and Internal Comparison of the Hungarian Codification History            17h00-18h30 Panel The Codification of Unjustified Enrichment in French LawEric Descheemaeker (Melbourne), Jan Hallebeek (Amsterdam), Matthew Campbell (Glasgow) and Pablo Letelier (Universidad de Chile)
                II)            International University City of Paris (Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris, Maison des Provinces de France, 59 boulevard Jourdan, salon Abreu)
9h-10h30 Medieval LawValerio Massimo Minale (Milano), Dušan's Zakonik: Codification in Maedieval Serbia and Byzantine HeritageTomislav Karlovic (Zagreb), et en fist assises et usages que l’on deust tenir et maintenir et user el roiaume de Jerusalem « Decoding the Laws of the Kingdom of Jerusalem » Andreja Katančevi (Belgrade), The Mining Code of Despot StefanHelen F. Leslie-Jacobsen (Bergen), How Innovative is Innovative? Adaptations of Norwegian Law in New Law Codes in Iceland and Norway from the Tenth to Thirteenth Centuries
11h-12h30 Criminal Law Stefano Vinci (Bari), Criminal law and Naples Supreme Court case law in the French decadeFrancesco Mastroberti (Bari), The Part II of the Code for the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies: an "excellent" criminal code in a despotic state Emmanuel Berger (Paraiba), Le Code des délits et des peines du 3 brumaire an IV. Enquête sur les origines et les principes du code de procédure pénale de la Révolution

13h30-15h00 16th /17th centuriesAdam Moniuszko (Warsaw), ‘Codification’ of Polish and Lithuanian law in the 16th-17th centuries: successes, failures and impact on legal systems.Marek Stary (Prague), The Role of the Monarch on the Codifications of Land Law in the Estates’ StateAdolfo Giuliani (Helsinki), Codes without natural law. The case of Jacopo Menochio's De praesumptionibus (1587)
15h15-16h45 Asia Naoki Kanayama (Tokyo), Japan's "Success" in Codification in the Late 19th Century: By Code, with Code and beyond CodeKhohchahar E. Chuluu (Tokyo), Laws of Different Levels:Central and Regional Codification in Early Modern Mongolia and JapanHiromi Sasamoto-Collins (Edinburgh), The Japanese Criminal Code of 1880: Convergence and Resistance in Cultural ExchangeGuliyev Emin (Baku), Jar-Tala Code of law (decree of the Agdam Majlis) as an act of systematization of the Islamic law and adats
17h00-18h30 Panel Criminal Codification Italy Emilia Musumeci (Teramo), Monica Stronati (Macerata), Paolo Marchetti (Teramo), Riccardo Cavallo (Firenze), A colourful mosaic: doctrinal influences on Italianpenal codification in the long Nineteenth Century

III)          International University City of Paris, Maison de étudiants de l’Asie du Sud-Est (59 boulevard Jourdan), Salon Asie du Sud-Est
9h-10h30 RightsIvan Kosnica (Zagreb), Yugoslav Citizenship Law (1918 – 1941): Between Diversity and UnificationMarju Luts-Sootak, Hesi Siimets-Gross, Marelle Leppik (Tartu), Codification of basic rights in Estonian Constitution (1920) compared with imperial Russian and German republican modelsThomas Mohr (Dublin), Codes of Rights in the British Empire, 1865-1939                                         
11h-12h30 19th/20th centuriesFilippo Rossi (Milan), Dismissal across codes and laws decodes. Italian and European legal science dealing with the termination of the employment relationship (latter half of the 19 century-first years of the 20 century)Frederik Dhondt (Brussel), Permanent Neutrality, Stepping-Stone for a Code of NationsMichal Galedek (Gdansk), Comparative analysis as the method of building the Polish civil law from scratch in the interwar period Dolores Freda (Napoli), The Italian emigration code” of 1919

13h30-15h00 20th centuryMartin Sunnqvist (Lund), The “Rule of Life”. The Functions of Legislation and Adjudication according to Wilhelm Sjögren in a Comparative Historical Context Fernando Gil González (London), The theory of Cappelletti in the review of comparative legal history systems in EuropeHesi Siimets-Gross and Katrin Kiirend-Pruuli (Tartu), Changes of Estonian and Latvian Divorce Law after WWI: in Draft, in Civil Code and outside of themValdis Blūzma (Turiba), History of the Codification of Civil Law in Latvia (19th-20th centuries): Overcoming the Territorial and Estate Particularism of Law
15h15-16h45   America Agustin Parise (Maastricht), Stepping Stones for Law and Society: An Exploration of the Generations of Civil Codes in Latin America (19-21 Centuries)Joshua Tate (Dallas), Codification of Texas Trust Law, 1943-2017Diego Nunes (Santa Catarina), Codification, Recodification and Decodification of Law:a History of Legal Dimensions of Justice in the Imperial Brazil by the “Codigo de Processo Criminal” of 1832
17h00-18h30   Civil Law Piotr Pomianowski (Warsaw), The national codification of civil law in Poland at the beginning of the 19thcentury. Sources and inspirationsManuel Gutan (Sibiu), Codification as a Tool of Social Engineering in Modern Romania (!?) The Case of Civil Code Alexandru IoanEmőd Veress (Cluj-Napoca), Abrogation of the 1887 Romanian commercial code and the survival of its institutions and concepts, in the context of the new civil Code

19h00 Piano Concert and Buffet in salon Abreu, Maison des Provinces de France

Saturday the 30th of June, light buffet 12:30 to 13:30
I)              Amphitheater Jourdan, 48 boulevard Jourdan 75014 Paris
9h-10h30 Codification Movement
Mingzhe Zhu (Pekin), Notions of Law in the Era of CodificationDmitry Poldnikov (Moscow), Codifying the Laws of the Late Russian Empire: Legal Unification through Contested Western Legal Tradition?Ditlev Tamm (Copenhagen), To codify or not to codify – the Nordic discussion11h00-12h30 Legal Periodicals Panel Marju Luts-Sootak, Merike Ristikivi (Tartu), Sebastiaan Vandenbogaerde (Ghent), Legal Periodicals as Alternative to Codes?                     13h30-15h00 Commercial Law Dave de Ruysscher (Tilburg), Pre-Insolvency Proceedings (France, Belgium and the Netherlands, 1807-c 1910)Annamaria Monti (Milano), Commercial Codes: the Italian Example in a comparative perspectiveEfe Antalyali (Istanbul), Ottoman Jurisprudential Shift: Recpetion of French Commercial Law (1807)    

        15h 15-16h45 Final Plenary (for all participants)

II)            International University City of Paris (Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris, Maison des Provinces de France, 59 boulevard Jourdan, salon Abreu)

9h-10h30 20th century Raffaella Bianchi Riva (Milano), Legal Ethics in the 19thand 20th centuries: A code of conduct for Italian and European lawyers?Dalibor Cepulo (Zagreb), Local court in Croatia: transplant and challenges of modernityMarcin Lysko (Bialystok), Main problems of the codification works on substantive misdemeanour law in People’s Poland
11h00-12h30 Overseas  Anna Taitslin and Murray Raf (Canberra), Codification or Transplantation? The Case of Absolute OwnershipRicardo Sontag (Minais Gerais), Models, examples and antimodels: representations of foreign penal codes within the Brazilian codification process (1928-1940)Paul Swanepoel (KwaZulu-Natal), Codifying Criminal Law in East Africa, 1920-1945
13h30-15h 00 20th century  Coding Authoritarianism: Law, State, Ideology and World War 2 Cosmin Sebastian Cercel (Nottingham), Discontinued Dictatorships: (Re)Coding Authoritarianism in Antonescu's Romania; David Fraser (Nottingham), Decoding the Jew: Vichy's National Legal Revolution;  Simon Lavis (Open University), Codes, Codification and Encoding Nazism in the Legal System of the Third Reich; Stephen Skinner (Exeter), Central Authority in Codified and Non-Codified Legal Systems: Law in the Shadow of the State, or the State in the Shadow of the Law?

III)          Ecole normale supérieure, 48 boulevard Jourdan, R 3-46.                                                              9h-10h30, 19th and 20th centuries Arthur Barrêtto de Almeido Costa and Ricardo Sontag (Minais Gerais), Change Through Mercy. Royal Pardon and Criminal Law Reforms in Late 19th Century in Brazil and FranceAnna Klimaszewska (Gdansk), Code de commerce of 1807 as an instrument of transforming legal reality - the Polish point of view Sara Pilloni (Trieste), “Roman Legal Heritage and Codification Processes: the Role of Italian Roman Law Scholars in the Codification of Civil Law”
11h00-12h30 Civil Law Asya Ostroukh (West Indies), An Unlimited Number of Limited Real Rights: A Story of an Adaptation of French Property Law in Francophone Switzerland, Quebec, and Louisiana in the Nineteenth Century Katharina Kaesling (Bonn), Codified Conditions vs. Judicial Discretion in Family Law: What codification means for the adaptation of maintenance law to social change Maria Lewandowicz (Gdansk), How to make impossible possible? On the unification of inheritance law in Switzerland in the 19th century                                  13h30-15h00 Comparisons Marianna Muravyeva (Tampere), Gendering the Law or Codifying Gender: Family Law in Early Modern EuropeRaphaël Cahen (Brussels), Joseph Marie Portalis (1778-1858): from comparatism to the idea of a European code of CitizenshipPim Oosterhuis (Maastricht), Is there something like the ‘Great Litigation Increase’?

Ecole Normale SupérieureCampus « Quartier latin », 45 rue d’Ulm, 75000 Paris (on the 28th of June, afternoon)Campus Jourdan 48 boulevard Jourdan 75014 ParisOn the other side of Boulevard Jourdan (number 59), Cité Internationale Universitaire de ParisThe two campus are linked through Underground RER B (stations Luxembourg and Cité Universitaire)Arrival from Paris airports: Stations Charles de Gaulle Etoile (RER A), Montparnasse (Underground)Plan of Paris Underground : https://www.ratp.fr/plan-metro École normale supérieure45, rue d’Ulm / 29 rue d’Ulm / 24 rue LhomondF-75230 Paris cedex 05Tél. +33 (0)1 44 32 30 00 (standard)Campus Jourdan48, boulevard Jourdan75014 ParisTél. +33 (0)1 43 13 61 00 (standard)Campus Montrouge (with some possible rooms for PhD candidates)1, rue Maurice Arnoux92120 MontrougeTél. +33 (0)1 58 07 65 00 (standard)

Recommended hotels near the venues of the Conference (approximate price for a night):
Ibis Paris Porte d’OrléansAdresse : 33 Rue Barbès, 92120 Montrouge, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 42 31 67 00Around 75 €
Hôtel Cujas-PanthéonAdresse : 18 Rue Cujas, 75005 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 43 54 58 10Around 150 €
Hôtel de SenlisAdresse : 9 Rue Malebranche, 75005 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 43 29 93 10Around 100 €
Hôtel Observatoire LuxembourgAdresse : 107 Boulevard Saint-Michel, 75005 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 46 34 10 12Around 230 €
Hotel Novotel Paris 14 Porte d’OrléansAdresse : 15, 17, 21 boulevard Romain, Rolland, 75014 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 41 17 26 00Around 125 €
Hotel Mercure Paris AlesiaAdresse : 185 Boulevard Brune, 75014 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 45 39 68 50Around 140 €
Hôtel du MidiAdresse : 4 Avenue René Coty, 75014 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 43 27 23 25Around 120 €
Hotel MaxAdresse : 34 Rue d'Alésia, 75014 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 43 27 60 80Around 170 €
Hôtel Terminus OrléansAdresse : 197 Boulevard Brune, 75014 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 45 39 71 44Around 80 €
Hôtel Best Western Nouvel Orléans MontparnasseAdresse : 25 Avenue du Général Leclerc, 75014 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 43 27 80 20Around 160 €
Hôtel Les Jardins du LuxembourgAdresse : 5 Impasse Royer-Collard, 75005 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 40 46 08 88Around 170 €
Hôtel Elysa-LuxembourgAdresse : 6 Rue Gay-Lussac, 75005 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 43 25 31 74Around 180 €
Hôtel Claude Bernard Saint GermainAdresse : 43 Rue des Écoles, 75005 ParisTéléphone : 01 43 26 32 52Around 150 €
Hotel Best Western Bretagne MontparnasseAdresse : 33 Rue Raymond Losserand, 75014 ParisTéléphone : 01 45 38 52 59Around 130 €
Hotel Montparnasse DaguerreAdresse : 94 Rue Daguerre, 75014 ParisTéléphone : 01 43 22 43 54Around 130€

The attendance to the Conference is free for every member of the ESCLH. It needs the payment of a fee for non-members. Please inform jean-louis.halperin@ens in case of attendance to the Conference.


Categories: Comparative Law News

THE LAW OF THE SOMALIS: A Stable Foundation for Economic Development in the Horn of Africa

Juris Diversitas - Sun, 04/15/2018 - 22:46

THE LAW OF THE SOMALIS: A Stable Foundation for Economic Development in the Horn of Africa by Michael van Notten, Edited by Spencer Heath MacCallum

Written by a trained and sympathetic observer, this book shows how Somali customary law differs fundamentally from most statutory law. Lawbreakers, instead of being punished, are simply required to compensate their victim. Because every Somali is insured by near kin against his or her liabilities under the law, a victim seldom fails to receive compensation. Somali law, being based on custom, has no need of legislation or legislators. It is therefore happily free of political influences. The author notes some specific areas that stand in need of change, but finds such change already implicit in further economic development.

Somali politics is based on consensus. The author explains how it works and shows why any attempt to establish democracy, which would divide the population into two classes-those who rule and those who are ruled-must inevitably produce chaos.

Viewed in global perspective, Somali law stands with the Latin and Medieval laws and the English common law against the statutory law that became prominent in Europe with the modern nation-state. This book explains many seeming anomalies about present-day Somalia and describes its prospects as well as the dangers facing it.
(Subjects: Somalia; customary law; legislation; criminal law; torts; delicts)
Categories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: Les acteurs européens du "printemps des peuples" 1848 (Paris, 31 May – 2 June 2018)

(Source: Evenium.net)
Sorbonne Université, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne, Centre d’histoire du XIXe siècle and LabEx EHNE are organising a colloquium on the Revolutions of 1848 coming May, several panels include legal historians.
Colloque international du cent soixante-dixième anniversaire31 mai – 2 juin, Sorbonne Université, Amphi Guizot (17 rue de la Sorbonne, 75005 Paris)
Organisateurs : Sorbonne Université, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne, Centre d’histoire du XIXe siècle, LabEx EHNE
Après le colloque du cent cinquantième anniversaire de 1848 organisé par la Société de 1848 et des révolutions du XIXe siècle qui a marqué un important jalon historiographique, il a paru important, exactement vingt ans plus tard, de porter un nouveau regard sur cet événement majeur du XIXe s., et cela en répondant d’abord au souhait maintes fois formulé par Maurice Agulhon d’en mieux connaître les acteurs, au moment précis où le Dictionnaire des dirigeants français de 1848 du Centre d’histoire du XIXe s. de Sorbonne Université et de Panthéon-Sorbonne, publié sous son patronage, constitue une nouvelle étape qui permet d’aller plus loin ; mais il s’agit aussi d’élargir la focale pour s’intéresser cette fois à l’ensemble du printemps des peuples. La question centrale de ces journées est ainsi : Qu’est-ce qu’être un acteur du printemps des peuples 1848 ? On s’appuie notamment ici sur la notion de protagoniste telle que définie par Haïm Burstin à propos de la Révolution française de 1789, tout en étant extrêmement attentif aux effets de positions dans l’espace géographique, social et culturel. Le programme, établi, après un appel international, propose une quarantaine d’interventions portant sur toute l’Europe. La table ronde conclusive doit permettre de dresser les profils-types d’acteurs européens du printemps des peuples et de répondre à la question centrale du colloque.
Inscription obligatoire pour accéder au bâtiment : http://printempsdespeuples.evenium.net
Contact et informations : labex.ehne2@gmail.com
The programme can be found here
For more information, please visit the conference’s webpage  
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Jens MEIERHENRICH, The Remnants of the Rechtsstaat : An Ethnography of Nazi Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780198814412, $54.95

(Source: Oxford University Press)
Oxford University Press will publish a new book on Nazi Law and the legal origins of dictatorship next month. The book can be pre-ordered with the publisher.
This book is an intellectual history of Ernst Fraenkel's The Dual State (1941, reissued 2017), one of the most erudite books on the theory of dictatorship ever written. Fraenkel's was the first comprehensive analysis of the rise and nature of Nazism, and the only such analysis written from within Hitler's Germany. His sophisticated-not to mention courageous-analysis amounted to an ethnography of Nazi law. As a result of its clandestine origins, The Dual State has been hailed as the ultimate piece of intellectual resistance to the Nazi regime.

In this book, Jens Meierhenrich revives Fraenkel's innovative concept of "the dual state," restoring it to its rightful place in the annals of public law scholarship. Blending insights from legal theory and legal history, he tells in an accessible manner the remarkable gestation of Fraenkel's ethnography of law from inside the belly of the behemoth. In addition to questioning the conventional wisdom about the law of the Third Reich, Meierhenrich explores the legal origins of dictatorship elsewhere, then and now. The book sets the parameters for a theory of the "authoritarian rule of law," a cutting edge topic in law and society scholarship with immediate policy implications.
Jens Meierhenrich, Associate Professor of International Relations, London School of Economics and Political Science

Jens Meierhenrich is Associate Professor of International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science, and previously taught for a decade at Harvard University. His books include The Legacies of Law, which won the American Political Science Association's 2009 Woodrow Wilson Foundation Award for the best book in politics, government, or international affairs; and, as co-editor, The Oxford Handbook of Carl Schmitt.
Introduction: The Remnants of the Rechtsstaat
1. Behemoth and Beyond: Theories of the Nazi State
2. The Making of a Cause Lawyer
3. The Debate about the Rechtsstaat in Nazi Germany, 1933-1936
4. An Ethnography of Nazi Law: The Gestation of The Dual State, 1936-1941
5. "A Rational Core within an Irrational Shell": An Institutional Theory of Dictatorship
6. The Decline of a Classic: Explaining the Reception of The Dual State
Conclusion: Authoritarian Rule of Law
For more information, see the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: Family and Justice in the Archives: Histories of Intimacy in Transnational Perspective (Montreal, Canada 6-7 May 2019), DEADLINE 31 MAY 2018

(Source: Canadian Legal History Blog)
Via the Canadian Legal History blog, we have the following call for papers:
Family and Justice in the Archives will bring together historians, legal scholars, and others for a discussion about the challenges and opportunities offered by the use of legal records for exploring the intimate worlds of family life. The intimacies that interest us were located initially in the private spaces of lineage, estate, family, household, and bedroom; they are both dramatic and quotidian, material and emotional, and invariably tied up in gendered and generational hierarchies of power and privilege. At the same time, they are made accessible – years, generations, or centuries later – through the written traces left by public proceedings that occurred in legally sanctioned spaces of social regulation, from the notary’s office to the criminal or civil courtroom to the legislative arena. We are especially interested in the ways in which historians and other scholars have been unpacking the stories of intimacy revealed in processes of legal regulation to develop rich new insights about family, gender, sex, power, culture, identity, and daily life throughout history and across the planet.
Through this two-day symposium, we seek to encourage transnational conversations about families, the law, and the archives. The conveners have been exploring Quebec’s rich judicial archives with the following questions in mind: How did the judicial system transmit and reinforce hegemonic notions of class, race, ethnicity, and gender? How, when, and why did family disputes over property, honour, rights, or reputation cross the judicial threshold to become the object of court proceedings? What levels of intra-familal violence were tolerated and at what point were state authorities called upon to intervene? How did a particular blend of legal codes and cultures reflect the society’s wider assumptions about acceptable and respectable conduct for women and men, especially in the area of sexuality, courtship, family formation, and sexual identity? How and when did judicial rulings and court proceedings diverge from legal code or custom in response to local circumstances? Did some litigants manage to manoeuvre, manipulate, challenge, or even change the law through their encounters with the judicial apparatus? And what happened when individuals crossed the boundaries of the acceptable and respectable into transgressive, deviant, or criminalized behaviour?
Family and Justice in the Archives seeks to broaden those discussions radically outwards towards a wide range of times, places, cultures, and legal systems. Participants are invited to present work on how stories of intimacy – sexual, emotional, domestic, or otherwise – are revealed in and shaped by the legal archives they use. We hope to foster discussion of these questions across as broad a range of historical and geographical contexts as possible, pre-modern and modern, settler-colonial and Indigenous, with special attention to situations (like Quebec) where some form of legal pluralism prevailed. We welcome proposals for papers that engage with these questions and on a wide range topics that may include adoption, bigamy, child custody, divorce and separation, domestic violence, family honour, filial duty, inheritance, juvenile justice, marital obligations, parental authority, reproductive rights, sexual diversity, sexual violence, and sibling relationships, to name just these few.
Family and Justice in the Archives will inaugurate a new, biennial series and is presented in partnership with the Centre interuniversitaire d’études québécoises (Université Laval/Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières) and the Centre d’histoire des régulations sociales (Université du Québec à Montréal). The program committee is co-chaired by Professors Eric Reiter and Peter Gossage in the Department of History at Concordia University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Those interested in participating are invited to please send a 250-word abstract and a one-page curriculum vitae (or brief author biography) to LAWS.Symposium@Concordia.ca by 31 May 2018.
(Source: Canadian Legal History Blog)
Categories: Comparative Law News