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CALL FOR PAPERS Training, Ideas and Practices. The Law of Nations in the Long Eighteenth Century (Paris, 18-19 May 2017); DEADLINE 20 FEBRUARY 2017

Wed, 01/18/2017 - 11:37

CALL FOR PAPERSTraining, Ideas and Practices. The Law of Nations in the Long Eighteenth Century (Paris, 18-19 May 2017)




The purpose of this conference is to explore the roots of international law and the various concepts related to the “law of nations” by looking at the legal language of diplomats and foreign offices in Europe during the long eighteenth century. The conference also aims to render the variety and complexity of specific mechanisms through which the law of nations was applied for diplomatic use, to explore social and cultural aspects, and to investigate the practical questions that diplomats frequently faced (N. Drocourt & E. Schnakenbourg (eds.), Thémis en diplomatie, PURennes, 2016).

The relationship between diplomacy and the law of nations is at best ambiguous. On the one hand, the law of nations seems to be a hybrid product of philosophical concepts and a digest of diplomatic practice. Lawyers have difficulty resisting the temptation to write a purely academic or genealogical history of the law of nations. The frequent invocation of authors such as Vattel as an authority seems to support this (P. Haggenmacher  & V. Chetail (eds.), Vattel’s International Law from a XXIst Century Perspective, Brill, 2011). On the other hand, interaction in negotiations involves a lot more than invoked legal principles. A thorough analysis of diplomatic practice often reveals implicit rules within diplomacy as a social field  (P. Bourdieu, Sur l’Etat, Seuil, 2012). Legal arguments are a part of this microcosm, but geopolitical determinants and state interests can bend and bow the use of legal language.

One of the main issues of this conference will be  whether law of nations theories influenced diplomatic practice and at the same time whether diplomatic practice altered traditional law of nations concepts. Through fruitful dialogue between young legal historians, historians of political thought and historians of politics from France, Germany and other parts of Europe, we would like to explore and investigate three different scenarios in which law of nations theories emerged both in the practice and the doctrine of diplomacy:
1)      Training of diplomats
Was the law of nations the basis of diplomatic education? Did diplomats also receive specific, in-house, foreign affairs training? Was it only theoretical or also based on practice and experience? Was there already a form of professionalisation of diplomats, especially in view of later developments in the 19th century (L. Nuzzo & M. Vec (dir.), Constructing International Law – The Birth of a Discipline, V. Klostermann, 2012)? Finally, to what extent can we envisage a common European diplomatic culture?
2)      Circulation of ideas and diplomatic networks
What was the legal and intellectual background of the various traités du droit des gens? To what extent were legal expertise (G. Braun, La connaissance du Saint-Empire en France du baroque aux Lumières (1643-1756), De Gruyter, 2010) or legal rhetorics pragmatic tools used in everyday politics? For whom did thinkers such as Abbé de Saint-Pierre (1658-1743) write their treatises? The sovereign? Legal advisers? Public opinion?  If the law of nations formed a kind of a common European diplomatic culture, how did it spread throughout Europe? Can we identify the same use in various diplomatic flows of the time? How were diplomatic networks organised?  Can we find examples of specific territories - such as the principalities of Walachia and Moldova, between the Ottoman Empire and the “European” powers – functioning as kinds of “diplomatic hubs”? 
3)      Transformation
Is the diplomatic habitus of the Vienna Congress a turning point?  Where did the transition from the 18th to the 19th century take place, both in theory and in practice? How important was the impact of Enlightenment and French Revolutionary thought (M. Bélissa,  Fraternité universelle et intérêt national, 1713-1795, Kimé, 1998)? How far can we find echoes in diplomatic culture and correspondence?
We kindly invite young scholars (up to 6 years after PhD) to present their new research within French-German and European perspectives. All applications must be sent by 20 February 2017 with a short CV (5 to 10 lines) and a proposal of 400 words to diplomacyconference2017@gmail.com. Results will be communicated by 15 March 2017.  This conference has received the generous support of the CIERA (Centre interdisciplinaire d'études et de recherches sur l'Allemagne, www.ciera.fr) as a colloque junior and will take place on the 18th(afternoon) and 19th (morning) of May 2017.  
Papers can be presented in English, French or German. A peer-reviewed publication of the proceedings is envisaged.

Organising CommitteeRaphael Cahen (Orléans/VUB-FWO)Frederik Dhondt (VUB/Antwerp/Ghent-FWO)Elisabetta Fiocchi Malaspina
Scientific CommitteeJacques Bouineau (La Rochelle)Paul De Hert (VUB)Dirk Heirbaut (Ghent)Christine Lebeau (Paris I)Gabriella Silvestrini (Piemonte Orientale)Matthias Schmoeckel (Bonn)Antonio Trampus (Venezia)Miloš Vec (Vienna)

APPEL À CONTRIBUTIONSFormation, idées et pratique. Le droit des gens dans le long dix-huitième siècle(Paris, 18-19 mai 2017)



Les origines du droit international et les divers concepts du « droit des gens » seront au cœur d’une rencontre scientifique, portant sur l’étude du langage juridique des diplomates et des chancelleries européennes pendant le long dix-huitième siècle. Les mécanismes d’application spécifiques à travers lesquels le droit des gens fut invoqué pour une utilisation diplomatique ne se conçoivent pas en dehors des aspects culturels et sociaux, ou des problèmes pratiques que les diplomates avaient à trancher (N. Drocourt & E. Schnakenbourg (dir.), Thémis en diplomatie, PU Rennes, 2016).

                La relation entre la diplomatie et le droit des gens est ambiguë. D’une part, le droit des gens semble un produit hybride de concepts philosophiques et une cristallisation de pratique diplomatique.Les juristes peinent à résister la tentation d’écrire une histoire purement académique ou généalogique du droit des gens. L’invocation fréquente d’auteurs tels que Vattel en est une indication courante (P. Haggenmacher & V. Chetail (dir.), Vattel’s International Law from a XXIst Century Perspective, Brill, 2011). Néanmoins, l’interaction de la négociation entraîne bien plus qu’une invocation de principes juridiques. Une analyse rigoureuse de la pratique diplomatique révèle des règles implicites au sein de la diplomatie comme champ social (P. Bourdieu, Sur l’Etat, Seuil, 2012). L’argumentation juridique relève de ce microcosme et doit donc être apprécié dans une sociabilité qui transcende les traditions juridiques nationales (L. Bély, L’art de la paix en Europe : naissance de la diplomatie moderne, XVIe-XVIIIe siècle, PUF, 2007). Toutefois, les déterminants géopolitiques et les intérêts d’État peuvent amender ou infléchir l’utilisation d’arguments juridiques.

                Une question centrale sera d’essayer de savoir si les théories du droit des gens ont influé la pratique diplomatique, et si de son côté la pratique diplomatique a réussi à changer les concepts traditionnels du droit des gens. Un échange fructueux entre jeunes historiens du droit, historiens de la pensée politique et historiens « du politique » de France, d’Allemagne et d’autres traditions intellectuelles européennes permettra d’explorer trois scénarios différents à travers lesquels les théories du droit des gens émergeaient aussi bien en pratique qu’en doctrine diplomatique.

1)      Formation des diplomatesLe droit des gens constituait-il le cœur de la formation diplomatique ? Qu’en fut-il des enseignements pratiques, organisés par les administrations étatiques des affaires étrangères ? Quel était le rapport entre les connaissances tirées de l’objet même de la négociation (la pratique) et celle dérivée des écrits qui font autorité dans nos traditions scientifiques ? Pouvait-on vraiment parler de professionnalisation, également eu égard aux développements du XIXe (L. Nuzzo & M. Vec (dir.), Constructing International Law – The Birth of a Discipline, V. Klostermann, 2012) ? Finalement, qu’en fut-il du caractère commun ou européen de la culture diplomatique des divers corps ?

2)      Circulation des idées et réseaux diplomatiquesLes traités dévoués au droit des gens sont souvent étudiés en isolement, hors contexte, dans leur lignée intellectuelle ou académique. Cependant, qu’en fut-il de leur utilisation pratique ou de celle de l’expertise juridique plus générale (G. Braun, La connaissance du Saint-Empire en France du baroque aux Lumières (1643-1756), De Gruyter, 2010), comme outil rhétorique dans la politique quotidienne ? À qui s’adressaient les traités de penseurs comme l’abbé de Saint-Pierre (1658-1743) ? Le souverain, ou bien ses conseillers juridiques, ou bien l’opinion de la république des lettres ? Si le droit des gens constituait une sorte de culture diplomatique européenne commune, comment se diffusait-elle sur le continent ? Peut-on identifier des usages similaires dans les flux diplomatiques ? Comment les réseaux s’organisaient-ils ? Peut-on identifier des carrefours diplomatiques, tels que les principautés de Valachie et Moldavie, entre l’Empire Ottoman et les puissances européennes ?
3)      TransformationLe Congrès de Vienne (1815) fut-il vraiment un tournant pour le droit des gens ? Si nous pouvons identifier une transition, relève-t-elle de la doctrine juridique ou plutôt des idées politiques ? À quel degré la pensée des Lumières et de la Révolution a-t-elle impacté le droit des gens classique (M. Bélissa, Fraternité universelle et intérêt national, 1713-1795, Kimé, 1998) ? Dans quelle mesure la correspondance diplomatique en fut-elle le témoin ?
Nous invitons les jeunes chercheurs (jusqu’à six ans après soutenance de la thèse de doctorat) à présenter leurs recherches nouvelles, dans une perspective franco-allemande et européenne. Les propositions doivent être envoyées pour le 20 février 2017au plus tard, accompagnées d’un CV concis (5 à 10 lignes) et d’un résumé de 400 mots au maximum (diplomacyconference2017@gmail.com). Les résultats seront communiqués pour le 15 mars 2017 au plus tard.
La conférence a reçu le soutien du CIERA (Centre interdisciplinaire d’études et de recherches sur l’Allemagne, www.ciera.fr) en tant que colloque junior. Elle aura lieu à Paris, le 18 mai 2017 (à la Maison de la Recherche), et le 19 mai 2017 (Fondation Biermans-Lapôtre, Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris). Les contributions peuvent être présentées en anglais, français ou allemand. Les frais de déplacement et d'hébergement pourront être pris en charge sous certaines conditions. Une publication soumise au contrôle des pairs est envisagée.
Comité organisateur
Raphael Cahen (VUB-FWO/Orléans-POLEN)
Frederik Dhondt (VUB/Anvers/Gand-FWO)
Elisabetta Fiocchi Malaspina

Comité scientifique
Jacques Bouineau (La Rochelle)
Paul De Hert (VUB)
Dirk Heirbaut (Gand)
Christine Lebeau (Paris I Panthéon Sorbonne)
Gabriella Silvestrini (Piemonte Orientale)
Matthias Schmoeckel (Bonn)
Antonio Trampus (Venise)
Miloš Vec (Vienne)
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Agustín PARISE, Ownership Paradigms in Latin American Civil Law Jurisdictions. Manifestations of the Shifts in the Legislation of Louisiana, Chile, and Argentina (16th-20th Centuries) [Legal History Library, 21; Studies in the History of Private...

Mon, 01/16/2017 - 09:38
(image source: Brill)
Dr. Agustín Parise (Maastricht University) published Ownership Paradigms in Latin American Civil Law Jurisdictions. Manifestations of the Shifts in the Legislation of Louisiana, Chile, and Argentina (16th-20th Centuries) in the Series Legal History Library/Studies in the History of Private Law (eds. R. Van Rhee,  D. Heirbaut & M. C. Mirow).

Book abstract:
In Ownership Paradigms in American Civil Law Jurisdictions Agustín Parise assists in identifying the transformations experienced in the legislation dealing with ownership in the Americas, thereby showing that current understandings are not uncontested dogmas.
 This book is the result of research undertaken on both sides of the Atlantic, and covers the 16th to 20th centuries. Agustín Parise offers readers a journey across time and space, by studying three American civil law jurisdictions in three successive time periods. His book first highlights the added value that comparative legal historical studies may bring to Europe and the Americas. It then addresses, in chronological order, the three ownership paradigms (i.e., Allocation, Liberal, and Social Function) that he claims have developed in the Americas.On the author:
Agustín Parise, Ph.D. (2015) Maastricht University, LL.D. (2010) Universidad de Buenos Aires, is Assistant Professor of Law at the Faculty of Law of Maastricht University. He has published monographs and articles on comparative law and legal history, including Historia de la Codificación Civil del Estado de Luisiana y su Influencia en el Código Civil Argentino (Eudeba, 2013).
Table of contents:
List of Figures Acknowledgments
 Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Motivation 1.2 Problematization 1.3 Research Questions 1.4 Conceptualizations 1.4.1 American Civil Law Jurisdictions 1.4.2 Ownership Paradigms 1.5 Methodology 1.5.1 Louisiana as a Hard Case for American Civil Law Jurisdictions 1.6 Sources 1.7 Structure
 Chapter 2 The Value of Comparative Legal History for American Civil Law Jurisdictions 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Construction 2.2.1 Building Blocks 2.2.2 Autonomous Discipline 2.3 Development 2.3.1 Emergence 2.3.1.1 Europe 2.3.1.2 American Civil Law Jurisdictions 2.3.1.2.1 Legal Historiography in Louisiana, Chile, and Argentina 2.3.2 Conditions 2.3.2.1 Favorable 2.3.2.2 Challenges 2.3.3 Benefits 2.3.4 Corollary 2.4 Impact on Transplantation 2.5 Closing Remarks
 Chapter 3 The Allocation Paradigm of Ownership in American Civil Law Jurisdictions 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Native American Land Relations 3.2.1 America as a Mosaic of Different Legal Systems 3.2.2 Louisiana, Chile, and Argentina within the Mosaic 3.2.3 Corollary 3.3 Spanish Access to Lands in the Americas 3.3.1 Territories as Royal Holdings of Castile 3.3.1.1 Spanish Scholasticism and the Right to Conquest and Just War 3.3.2 Louisiana, Chile, and Argentina as Royal Holdings of Castile 3.3.3 Corollary 3.4 Indiano Legal Order 3.4.1 Castilian Precepts as Models for the Americas 3.4.2 Corpus iuris indiarum: Legislative Enactments and Doctrine 3.4.3 Louisiana, Chile, and Argentina within the Indiano Legal Order 3.4.4 Corollary 3.5 Allocating Multiple Interests 3.5.1 Crown of Castile 3.5.2 Roman Catholic Church 3.5.3 Native American Groups 3.5.4 Corollary 3.6 Individual Allocation 3.6.1 Transplantation of the Royal Land Grants System 3.6.2 Implementation of Royal Land Grants (Argentine Illustration) 3.6.3 Royal Land Grants in Louisiana and Chile 3.6.4 Corollary 3.7 Communal Allocation 3.7.1 Comunales and Propios: Origins and Implementation 3.7.2 Communal Property in European Settlements 3.7.3 Communal Property in Native American Towns 3.7.4 Communal Property in Louisiana, Chile, and Argentina 3.7.5 Corollary 3.8 Closing Remarks
 Chapter 4 The Liberal Paradigm of Ownership in American Civil Law Jurisdictions 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Emergence of First-Generation Codes 4.2.1 Studies on Comparative Legislation 4.3 First-Generation Codes across the Americas 4.3.1 Louisiana 4.3.2 Chile 4.3.3 Argentina 201 4.4 Codifying the Liberal Paradigm of Ownership 204 4.4.1 Origins 205 4.4.2 Formal Sources 209 4.4.3 Transplantation and Development of Common Sources 218 4.5 Encapsulation of the New Paradigm across the Americas  4.5.1 Louisiana  4.5.1.1 Constitutional Protection  4.5.1.2 Codified Protection  4.5.1.3 Sources of the Provisions  4.5.1.4 Corollary  4.5.2 Chile  4.5.2.1 Constitutional Protection  4.5.2.2 Codified Protection  4.5.2.3 Sources of the Provisions 4.5.2.4 Corollary 4.5.3 Argentina  4.5.3.1 Constitutional Protection 4.5.3.2 Codified Protection 4.5.3.3 Sources of the Provisions 4.5.3.4 Corollary 4.6 Pollination of Ownership in the Americas 4.6.1 Pollination from Louisiana 4.6.2 Pollination from Chile 4.6.3 Pollination from Argentina 4.7 Introduction to Second-Generation Codes 4.8 Closing Remarks
 Chapter 5 The Social Function Paradigm of Ownership in American Civil Law Jurisdictions 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Social Function Understanding 5.2.1 Global Emergence 5.2.2 Social Doctrine of the Church 5.2.3 Duguit: The Paladin of the Social Function Paradigm 5.2.3.1 Postulates 5.2.3.2 Impact on the Legal Discourse 5.2.4 Corollary 5.3 Reception in Constitutions 5.3.1 American Origins: Social Constitutionalism in Mexico 5.3.2 European Origins: Social Constitutionalism in Germany 5.3.3 Global Contagion of Constitutions 5.3.4 Louisiana 5.3.4.1 Social Context 5.3.4.2 Reception 5.3.4.3 Constitutional Proceedings 5.3.5 Chile 5.3.5.1 Social Context 5.3.5.2 Reception 5.3.5.3 Constitutional Proceedings 5.3.6 Argentina  5.3.6.1 Social Context 5.3.6.2 Reception 5.3.6.3 Constitutional Proceedings 5.4 Reception in Civil Codes 5.4.1 Momentum in Second-Generation Civil Codes 5.4.2 Doctrine of Abuse of Rights 5.4.3 Louisiana 5.4.3.1 Evolution 5.4.3.2 Instrumentation 5.4.4 Chile 5.4.4.1 Evolution 5.4.4.2 Instrumentation 5.4.5 Argentina 5.4.5.1 Evolution 5.4.5.2 Instrumentation 5.5 Reception in Special Legislation 5.5.1 Land Reform 5.5.1.1 Global Evolution 5.5.1.2 American Evolution 5.5.2 Louisiana 5.5.2.1 Evolution 5.5.2.2 Implementation 5.5.3 Chile 5.5.3.1 Evolution 5.5.3.2 Implementation 5.5.4 Argentina 5.5.4.1 Evolution 5.5.4.2 Colonization as an Alternative 5.6 Closing Remarks
 Chapter 6 Conclusions 6.1 Presentation 6.2 Central Conclusions 6.2.1 Visualizing Paradigms and Shifts 6.2.2 Circulation of Ideas and Paradigm Flows 6.2.3 Contagious Evolution across Time and Space 6.2.4 Transplantation of Vernacular and Foreign Legal Sources 6.3 Peripheral Conclusions 6.3.1 Disciplinary Value of Comparative Legal History 6.3.2 Quality of Existing Output 6.3.3 Transatlantic Circulation 6.3.4 Global Undertakings 6.4 Areas of Future Research 6.4.1 Additional Sources of Law and Ownership Paradigms 6.4.2 Ecological Function of Ownership 6.4.3 Global Context for Ownership Paradigms 6.5 Finale
 List of References
 Index of NamesMore on Brill's website.
Categories: Comparative Law News

SCHOLARSHIP: Postgraduate Visiting Researcher in Roman law or Legal History at the University of Glasgow (DEADLINE 10 FEB 2017)

Sun, 01/15/2017 - 11:18
(image source: Glasgow Law School)
H-Law has the following announcement by prof. E. Metzger:
The University of Glasgow School of Law invites applications from PhD students in Roman law/legal history for the post of Alan Rodger Postgraduate Visiting Researcher, to be held during the 2017/18 academic year. The selected candidate will spend a term in Glasgow and receive a £2,000 award for support. The deadline for applications is 10 February 2017. Full details are available from its website. The post was established in memory of Lord Rodger of Earlsferry (1944-2011), Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, and scholar of Roman law and legal history.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Lindy GRANT, Blance of Castille, Queen of France. New Haven (Conn.): Yale UP, 2017, 456 p. ISBN 9780300219265, USD 50.

Thu, 01/12/2017 - 11:06
(image source: Yale UP)
Book abstract:
This is the first modern scholarly biography of Blanche of Castile, whose identity has until now been subsumed in that of her son, the saintly Louis IX. A central figure in the politics of medieval Europe, Blanche was a sophisticated patron of religion and culture. Through Lindy Grant’s engaging account, based on a close analysis of Blanche’s household accounts and of the social and religious networks on which her power and agency depended, Blanche is revealed as a vibrant and intellectually questioning personality.On the author:
Lindsy Grant is professor of medieval history, University of Reading, and was previously medieval curator at the Courtauld Institute, London.More information on the publisher's website.
Categories: Comparative Law News

COLLOQUIUM & CFP: "Colloque en commémoration du bicentenaire de la mort de Pierre-Samuel Dupont de Nemours" (Paris, December 14-15 2017)

Thu, 01/12/2017 - 06:25

WHAT Colloque en commémoration du bicentenaire de la mort de Pierre-Samuel Dupont de Nemours, Colloquium
WHEN December 14-15, 2017

WHERE Salle des Conseils – Université Paris II Panthéon-Assas (12 place du Panthéon, Paris 5e)
deadline March 30, 2017
Pierre-Samuel Dupont de Nemours (1739-1817) appartient à cette galerie de personnages qui présentent la particularité d’avoir été des acteurs de la France d’avant 1789 et de celle d’après 1789. Connu pour son appartenance à la « secte des économistes », il apparaît comme l’un des principaux propagandistes de la doctrine économique des physiocrates, qui a contribué à jeter les fondements du libéralisme. Or, si la pensée et les propositions du physiocrate économiste ont majoritairement attiré le regard des chercheurs comme le prouvent les nombreux travaux en la matière, d’autres facettes de Dupont de Nemours restent encore à explorer et à mettre à perspective. C’est notamment le cas des idées qu’il a défendues et des actions qu’il a menées dans le domaine politique.  Comme chacun de ses comparses qui a vécu ces deux moments – avant 89, après 89 –, la trajectoire de Dupont de Nemours est marquée par des permanences et des variations dans certains de ses engagements et positions politiques qui se reflètent notamment dans ses écrits à la fois nombreux et protéiformes (ouvrages, articles, rapports, mémoires, correspondance…). Plutôt que de céder à l’hypothèse facile de l’opportunisme, il apparaît plus prudent d’identifier les repositionnements du personnage en fonction des fluctuations de la conjoncture politique, extrêmement mobile dès les années 1780. Quoi qu’il en soit, il ne fait nul doute que les idées et les actions politiques imprègnent la vie – parfois romanesque (romancée ?) – de Dupont de Nemours. Un rappel de quelques étapes importantes de cette vie suffit pour s’en convaincre. À la fin des années 1760 et au cours de la décennie suivante, en physiocrate assumé, Dupont de Nemours se fait le chantre d’une monarchie régénérée qui reposerait sur les préceptes du despotisme légal. Un tel positionnement idéologique le conduit alors à vanter les mérites, sur le plan de l’organisation administrative, d’un système de municipalités autonomes alors qu’il est devenu le bras droit du contrôleur général Turgot. Sa volonté de réformer les institutions attire la curiosité des princes éclairés (le roi de Suède Gustave III, le margrave de Bade Charles-Frédéric et le roi de Pologne Stanislas Poniatowski) auprès desquels il est appelé à exercer ses talents. En 1783, il est associé par Vergennes à la confection du traité qui reconnaît les treize colonies libres, indépendantes et souveraines, formant les États-Unis, ce qui lui vaut d’être anobli par Louis XVI l’année suivante. En 1786, il contribue également à la préparation du traité de commerce avec l’Angleterre. En 1787, année durant laquelle il fait la connaissance de Thomas Jefferson avec qui il entretiendra une importante correspondance, Dupont de Nemours conseille et guide le ministre Calonne dans son projet de création d’assemblées provinciales, ce qui ne l’empêche pas de promouvoir quelques mois plus tard, dans un contexte politique et intellectuel nouveau, une monarchie tempérée dans laquelle la nation est appelée à occuper une place stratégique. Membre depuis la fin de l’année 1788 de l’influente Société des Trente, il participe activement à la rédaction des doléances du tiers état du bailliage de Nemours, dont il sera l’un des représentants aux États généraux. Le basculement révolutionnaire lui permet de devenir député de l’Assemblée nationale constituante et de se montrer très actif au cours de son mandat, tout en manifestant une entière fidélité à Louis XVI et un soutien assumé à la monarchie constitutionnelle, jusqu’à sa disparition en 1792. Après la parenthèse de la Terreur et quelques jours d’emprisonnement, il est élu député du Loiret au Conseil des Anciens où il prend une part importante à tous ses travaux et se distingue surtout par ses critiques à l’encontre du Directoire. Après le coup d’État du 18 fructidor, il est de nouveau emprisonné quelque temps à cause de ses sympathies royalistes et échappe de peu à la déportation. À la fin de l’année 1799, il décide de s’exiler aux États-Unis. Dès l’année suivante, Jefferson, qui est devenu vice-président, lui demande de rédiger un plan d’éducation publique pour les États-Unis. En 1802, de retour en France, il joue un rôle officieux et déterminant dans les relations diplomatiques franco-américaines, à propos de la cession de la Louisiane. Opposé à la politique de l’empereur, il se consacre alors à ses travaux scientifiques, tout en s’intéressant toujours de très près à la politique américaine. Après avoir été secrétaire puis vice-président de la Chambre de commerce de Paris entre 1803 et 1810, il est nommé secrétaire du gouvernement provisoire en 1814 puis rentre au Conseil d’État sous la première Restauration. Or, l’épisode des Cent-Jours le contraint à repartir aux États-Unis où, à peine arrivé, il propose ses services au président Madison. Il décède en 1817 à Wilmington (Delaware), dans la propriété familiale fondée par son fils Éleuthère Irénée.


Appréhender la pensée et l’action politiques de Dupont de Nemours à travers ces multiples facettes (journaliste, conseiller des princes, des ministres, des présidents, négociateur, diplomate, député…) soulève une multitude de questions que cette manifestation se propose d’aborder, et qui visent à la fois à éclairer un aspect méconnu du personnage et approfondir certaines de ses idées ou entreprises.Les propositions devront de préférence porter, d’une part, sur la période postérieure au décès de François Quesnay et à la dispersion de la « secte physiocratique », soit du ministère Turgot à l’exil américain ; et, d’autre part, sur les questions d’ordre politique, constitutionnelles, diplomatiques, administratives, historiques… Les organisateurs souhaitent que celles-ci soient abordées, dans la mesure du possible, non seulement sous un angle comparatiste, avec pour cadre les États européens ou les États-Unis, mais aussi sous un angle interdisciplinaire, afin de confronter la vision des historiens du droit, des politistes, des historiens des lettres, des juristes, des sociologues, etc.Parmi les thèmes rarement traités en profondeur, voici quelques pistes, sans exhaustivité aucune :-    Dupont, penseur et acteur du droit public : droits de l’homme, nature du régime politique idéal, droit constitutionnel (organisation des pouvoirs, souveraineté, hiérarchie des normes, processus de création de la loi…), administration territoriale et locale, fiscalité et finances publiques…-    Dupont et le monde atlantique : la révolution américaine, les institutions américaines et la vie politique ; la question coloniale…-    Dupont diplomate et penseur des relations internationales : le traité de Versailles de 1783, le traité franco-britannique de 1786, le Pacte de Famille, la cession de la Louisiane…-    Entre vie privée et vie publique : si le « sentimentalisme » de Dupont a déjà été relevé, il pourrait être prolongé par l'étude de ses idées sur les liens entre la vie familiale, la sensibilité et la production des idées, et éclairé par sa manière de vivre lui-même une forme de porosité entre l'homme public et l'homme privé. -    Dupont et le patriotisme, Dupont et la religion, Dupont historien…Contact :Les propositions de communication doivent être déposées de préférence sur le site : https://dupont2017.sciencesconf.org ou envoyées par mail aux organisateurs : anthony.mergey@u-paris2.fr ; askornicki@u-paris10.fr, avant le 30 mars 2017. Merci de joindre une présentation succincte de la communication envisagée avec indication des sources (2500 signes maximum espaces compris) avec son titre et un court curriculum vitae.
Comité d’organisation :Anthony Mergey, professeur d’histoire du droit, Université Paris II Panthéon-Assas – Institut d’Histoire du Droit (UMR 7184)Arnault Skornicki, maître de conférences en science politique, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre – Institut des Sciences sociales du Politique (UMR 7220)
Comité scientifique international : -    Manuela Albertone, professeur d’histoire moderne, Université de Turin-    Eric Gojosso, professeur d’histoire du droit, Université de Poitiers -    Christophe Le Digol, maître de conférences en science politique, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre-    Anthony Mergey, professeur d’histoire du droit, Université Paris II Panthéon-Assas-    Laurent Reverso, professeur d’histoire du droit, Université de Toulon-    Arnault Skornicki, maître de conférences en science politique, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre-    Liana Vardi, professeur d’histoire moderne, Université de Buffalo  -    Anne Verjus, directrice de recherche au CNRS, ENS de Lyon-    Richard Whatmore, professeur d’histoire moderne, Université de St Andrews
 
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Sara MCDOUGALL, Royal Bastards: the Birth of Illegitimacy, 800-1230 [Studies in Medieval History]. Oxford: OUP, 2017, 320 p. ISBN 9781098785828

Wed, 01/11/2017 - 07:39
(image source: OUP)
Sara McDougall (CUNY) has published a study on medieval bastardy in OUP's Studies in Medieval History series.

Book abstract:
The stigmatization as ‘bastards’ of children born outside of wedlock is commonly thought to have emerged early in Medieval European history. Christian ideas about legitimate marriage, it is assumed, set the standard for legitimate birth. Children born to anything other than marriage had fewer rights or opportunities. They certainly could not become king or queen. As this volume demonstrates, however, well into the late twelfth century, ideas of what made a child a legitimate heir had little to do with the validity of his or her parents’ union according to the dictates of Christian marriage law. Instead a child’s prospects depended upon the social status, and above all the lineage, of both parents. To inherit a royal or noble title, being born to the right father mattered immensely, but also being born to the right kind of mother. Such parents could provide the most promising futures for their children, even if doubt was cast on the validity of the parents’ marriage. Only in the late twelfth century did children born to illegal marriages begin to suffer the same disadvantages as the children born to parents of mixed social status. Even once this change took place we cannot point to ‘the Church’ as instigator. Instead, exclusion of illegitimate children from inheritance and succession was the work of individual litigants who made strategic use of Christian marriage law. This new history of illegitimacy rethinks many long-held notions of medieval social, political, and legal history.Table of contents:
Introduction
1. The Language of Illegitimacy
2. The Carolingian Example: The Sons of Concubines
3. Illegitimacy and the Making of Medieval Dynasties 900-1050
4. Maternal Lineage and Anglo-Norman Succession 950-1150
5. Canon Law, Canonists, and Bastards in the World of Ivo of Chartres
6. Redefining Marriage and Legitimacy (1140-1200): Ideas and Practices
7. Royal Bastards of the Twelfth Century: The Monk-King of Aragon's Daughter, the Abbess-Countess of Boulogne's Daughter, and Tancred of Lecce
8. Illegitimacy and Legitimation in the Thirteenth Century: Pope Innocent III, King Philip II, and Emperor Frederick II
9. Scandal in Jerusalem: Royal Succession and Illegitimacy
10. Saint Fernando III, The Bastard King of Leon
Conclusion
More information with OUP.

(source: Legal History Blog)
Categories: Comparative Law News

FORUM: "History of Law and other Humanities: views of the legal culture across the time" (Naples, May 30 - June 1 2017)

Sun, 01/08/2017 - 03:47

WHAT History of Law and other Humanities: views of the legal culture across the time, XXIIIrd Annual Forum of Young Legal Historians
WHEN May 30 - June 1 2017
WHERE Naples, Università degli studi di Napoli Federico II, Law Faculty








Categories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: up to two Doctoral Students (Max Planck Institut, Frankfurt, July 2017)

Sun, 01/08/2017 - 03:16

WHAT up to two Doctoral Students, Call for doctoral position
WHEN from 1 July 2017 or as soon as possible thereafter
WHERE Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, Frankfurt
deadline January 15 2017all information here
The Max Planck Institute for European Legal History in Frankfurt is a world leader in researching the history of law in Europe and beyond. Its two research departments with more than 60 scholars, the unrivalled collections of its specialized library and its numerous national and international co-operations make it the central research hub for a global scientific community investigating the past, present and future of legal regimes.

The Institute belongs to the Max Planck Society, Germany’s most successful research organization. Since its establishment in 1948, no fewer than 18 Nobel laureates have emerged from the ranks of its researchers, putting it on a par with the most prestigious research institutions worldwide. The mission of the Max Planck Society is to conduct fundamental (i.e., non-applied) research in the natural sciences, life sciences, social sciences and the humanities at the highest possible level. Its 83 Institutes are scattered across Germany and beyond, and they focus on research fields that are particularly innovative and require unusually extensive resources.

We are now looking to recruit

up to two Doctoral Studentsfrom 1 July 2017 or as soon as possible thereafter

for the following research fields in the Department I of Professor Stefan Vogenauer:

(1) Legal Transfer in the Common Law World;
(2) 
Legal History of the European Union
Your tasks
You will develop, co-ordinate and pursue a doctoral project in one of the two research fields. Your doctoral thesis will turn on
(1) the development of rules, principles, doctrines and institutions of English law outside England, for example in selected jurisdictions of the British Empire; or
(2) the legal history of selected areas of EU law, particularly in their interaction with the legal systems of the member states.You will publish your findings and actively participate in the research activities of the Institute under the guidance of Professor Vogenauer.
Your profile
You hold a first class or high upper second class degree, preferably in law, alternatively in a different branch of the humanities or social sciences. You work independently, are fully proficient in the English language and willing to learn German if necessary.

Our offer
We offer an attractive and international work environment with an unparalleled research infrastructure and a good working atmosphere. Payment and social benefits are based on the German Civil Service Collective Agreement (TVÖD). The annual salary before tax will amount to EUR 29,950 (EG13 band 1, 65%). The job is a full time position (currently 39 hours per week). The position is a fixed-term appointment for three years, with the possibility of renewal for a further year in exceptional circumstances.

We are located on one of the most beautiful university campuses in Europe, right at the heart of the thriving and cosmopolitan city of Frankfurt, the centre of finance, banking and the legal professions of Europe’s biggest economy.

The Max-Planck Society is committed to increasing the number of individuals with disabilities in its workforce and therefore encourages applications from such qualified individuals.

Furthermore, the Max Planck Society seeks to increase the number of women in those areas where they are underrepresented and therefore explicitly encourages women to apply.

Application procedureYour application should be written in either English or German and contain the following documents:
Personal Statement:
Cover letter with reference to your research proposal and an explanation as to how your profile matches the selection criteria
Names and addresses (postal and electronic) of two scholars who have agreed to provide a reference for you
CV:
Detailed CV
List of publications
Other Documents:Research proposal (up to five pages)
A sample of writing of some 20 pages length (seminar paper, journal article, book chapter etc)
Transcripts
Please provide your referees with all the documents that you submit for your application and ask them to send their references direct to jobs@rg.mpg.de by the closing date of 15 January 2017. References may only be submitted by email. They do not have to be signed as long as they are emailed from the official mail address of the referee. Strong applicants will be invited for an interview.
Informal enquiries as to the substance of the research fields may be directed to Professor Stefan Vogenauer (vogenauer@rg.mpg.de).

Questions as to the terms and conditions of employment may be directed to Ms Anna Heym (jobs@rg.mpg.de).

Your application must be submitted online via the followed link by the closing date of 15 January 2017:Online application 


Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Heikki PIHLAJAMÄKI, Conquest and the Law in Swedish Livonia (ca. 1630–1710). A Case of Legal Pluralism in Early Modern Europe [The Northen World]. Leiden/New York: Martinus Njihoff/Brill, 2017, viii + 299 p. ISBN 9789004331532, € 115.

Sat, 01/07/2017 - 08:16
(image source: Brill)
Prof. Heikki Pihlajamäki (Helsinki), editor-in-chief of Comparative Legal History, our Society's organ, has published the book Conquest and the Law in Swedish Livonia (ca. 1630–1710) A Case of Legal Pluralism in Early Modern Europe with Martinus Nijhoff/Brill publishers.

Book abstract:
In Conquest and the Law in Swedish Livonia (ca. 1630-1710), Heikki Pihlajamäki offers an exciting account of the law in seventeenth-century Livonia, conquered by Sweden. The volume demonstrates how the differences in legal cultures affected the Livonian judiciary and legal procedure in the region.Table of contents:
Preliminary Material
pp.: i–viii Introduction
pp.: 1–20 (20) The Outset: The Livonian and Swedish Legal Orders at the Time of the Swedish Conquest
pp.: 21–84 (64) The Reorganisation of the Livonian Judiciary under the Swedish Rule
pp.: 85–150 (66) The Procedure in the Livonian Courts of the Swedish Era
pp.: 151–237 (87) Transplanting Swedish Law? The Legal Sources at the Livonian Courts
pp.: 238–255 (18) Conclusions
pp.: 256–263 (8) Sources and Bibliography
pp.: 265–290 (26) Index
pp.: 291–299 (9) The book is available as an e-book on Brills Books and Journal Online website.
Categories: Comparative Law News

VIDEOCAST: Michael STOLLEIS at the Collège de France (Nov-Dec 2016)

Mon, 12/26/2016 - 07:31

(image source: phil-ouest.com)
The Collège de France, founded by Francis I in 1529, invited prof. em. dr. dr. h.c. mult. Michael Stolleis for a series of lectures on legal history. Conformably to the tradition of the institution, all lectures can be consulted online.

Programme:
"Écrire l'histoire du droit : reconstruction, narration, fiction ?" (25 Nov 2016)
"L'état interventionniste" (2 Dec 2016)
"Droit et nazisme" (9 Dec 2016)
"Image et réalité de l'état en Allemagne de l'Ouest (1945-1960)" (16 Dec 2016)

More information on the Collège de France's website.
Categories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Grotiana XXXVII (2016), No. 1

Fri, 12/23/2016 - 04:49
(image source: Brill)
Grotiana (Brill) published the first issue of its 37th volume.

Table of contents:
The Restless Mind and the Living Text (Douglas J. Osler)
Grotius and English Charters (James Muldoon)
Grotius, Informal Empire and the Conclusion of Unequal Treaties (Inge Van Hulle)
Hugo Grotius’s Hermeneutics of Natural and Divine Law (Stefanie Ertz)
Roman Law in the State of Nature (Jacob Giltaij)
More information on the publisher's website.
Categories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Comparative Legal History IV (2016), No. 2

Fri, 12/23/2016 - 03:26
(image source: Routledge/Taylor&Francis)

The society's journal Comparative Legal History (Routledge/Taylor & Francis) published its second issue.

Our members receive a copy as part of their annual membership fee.

Table of contents:
Editorial (Heikki Pihlajamäkki & Aniceto Masferrer)

Codification as nationalisation or denationalisation of law: the Spanish case in comparative perspective (Aniceto Masferrer)

The United Kingdom and Imperial federation, 1900 to 1939: a precedent for British legal relations with the European Union? (Thomas Mohr)

Forced money: legal development of a criminal economic rule (Dror Goldberg)

Orientalist reflections in early Israeli law: (new) perspectives on the issue of polygamy (Omer Aloni)
Book reviews:

The shape of the state in Medieval Scotland, 1124–1290 (Andrew RC Simpson)

The right to wage war (jus ad bellum): the German reception of Grotius 50 years after De iure belli ac pacis (Sören Koch)

Vangnet of springplank? Het buitencontractuele aansprakelijkheidsrecht in een moderne samenleving (1804-heden) (Lotte Meurkens)

Magna Carta (Anthony Musson)

The Trial and crucifixion of Jesus: texts and commentary (Wim Decock)

Le Code Noir: Idées reçues sur un texte symbolique (Adriana Chira)

The method and culture of comparative law: essays in honour of Marc Van Hoecke (Jöorg Fedtke)

 Political imprisonment and the Irish, 1912-1921 (Richard McMahon)
More information with T&F online.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Nicolas LAURENT-BONNE and Xavier PREVOST (eds.), Penser l'ordre juridique médiéval et moderne. Regards croisés sur les méthodes des juristes (I) [Contextes. Culture du droit]. Paris: Lextenso/LGDJ, 2016, 238 p. ISBN 9782275046822, € 38

Thu, 12/22/2016 - 09:57
(image source: LGDJ)
Lextenso published the first volume of the research project Penser l'ordre juridique médiéval et moderne. Regards croisés sur les méthodes des juristes, edited by Nicolas Laurent-Bonne (Université d'Auvergne) and Xavier Prévost (Université de Bordeaux).

This volume collects papers of a conference held at the Université d'Auvergne in Clermont-Ferrand on 21 and 22 January 2016. The follow-up conference will take place in Bordeaux on 9 and 10 March 2017
Book abstract:
L'ordre juridique qui se met en place, en France, aux derniers siècles du Moyen Âge a encore tout récemment été l'objet de riches débats : l'auto-développement des coutumes, l'autorité des droits savants et l'interventionnisme du roi de France ont notamment été au coeur de vives controverses historiographiques. La lecture des sources est à l'origine de querelles interprétatives, auxquelles s'ajoutent des difficultés méthodologiques que rencontrent les historiens du droit. Tandis que l'historien n'a accès qu'à une proportion infime du concret, celui-ci s'efforce de combler ces lacunes, parfois même à l'aide d'une projection des catégories juridiques contemporaines. Cet anachronisme des concepts - parfois couplé à un anachronisme des faits - ne constitue-t-il pas l'un des vices rédhibitoires de la discipline ? Cette méthode ne présente-t-elle pas, à l'inverse, une indéniable vertu heuristique et disciplinaire ? Certains estiment alors que la théorie du droit est anhistorique, quand d'autres critiquent l'emploi par les historiens des concepts contemporains, comme la hiérarchie des normes, la souveraineté ou encore l'État. Outre de telles projections, c'est le sens donné à certains signifiants médiévaux ou modernes qui peut être relativisé, comme c'est le cas notamment pour les notions de droit positif, de droit commun ou encore de loi. Ces difficultés révèlent aussi à certains égards l'ambivalence de l'histoire du droit, écartelée entre science historique et dogmatique juridique. Ce livre propose alors une réflexion épistémologique sur l'un des grands enjeux de l'historiographie juridique contemporaine : peut-on penser l'ordre juridique médiéval et moderne à partir des catégories juridiques contemporaines ?On the editors:
 Nicolas Laurent-Bonne est agrégé des facultés de droit et professeur d'histoire du droit à l'Université d'Auvergne. Xavier Prévost, agrégé des facultés de droit, agrégé d'économie et gestion, archiviste paléographe (diplômé de l'École des chartes), ancien élève de l'École normale supérieure de Cachan, est professeur d'histoire du droit à l'Université de Bordeaux.
Table of contents:
Prolégomènes
  • "Observations sur l'anachronisme des concepts" (Nicolas Laurent-Bonne/Xavier Prévost)
  • "La temporalité multiple des formes juridiques" (Pierre Thévenin)

I. La notion d'ordre juridique
  • "Peut-on parler d'ordre juridique médiéval ?" (Nicolas Warembourg)
  • "L'ordre juridique: un concept historiquement situé" (Benoît Frydman)

II. L'ordre juridique international
  • "Penser l'ordre juridique ecclésiastique" (Cyrille Dounot)
  • "La société des princes et le droit des gens. Réflexions sur la hiérarchie des normes et les lois fondamentales du royaume autour des renonciations de Philippe V d'Espagne (1712-1713)" (Frederik Dhondt)

III. La normativité
  • "Épreuves d'histoire. La normativité, la juridicité et la lente construction du droit moderne" (Frédéric F. Martin)
  • "Comprendre le fait coutumier" (Jean Hilaire)

IV. Les métaconcepts
  • "Le métaconcept de hiérarchie des normes et son utilité pour l'histoire du droit" (Michel Troper)
  • "La distinction théorique entre règles constitutives et règles contingentes est-elle opératoire en histoire du droit ?" (Jean-Louis Halpérin)

V. Les controverses
  • "La controverse entre Michel Troper et François Furet ou de l'anachronisme nécessaire des concepts" (Julien Boudon)
  • "Apostille: brève réponse à Julien Boudon" (Michel Troper)
  • "La controverse Villey-Tierney sur la naissance du droit subjectif au XIIe siècle: difficultés et valeur heuristique d'un anachronisme conceptuel" (Thierry Sol)
More information can be found on the publisher's website.
Categories: Comparative Law News

JOB: Research Assistant /PhD Candidate/Post-Doc in Research Training Group "Metropolität in der Vormoderne" (University of Regensburg, Germany, 2017)

Tue, 12/20/2016 - 09:28

The DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) Research Training Group 2337/1 "Metropolität in der Vormoderne" (University of Regensburg, Germany) offers  10 x 0,65 Research Assistant / PhD Candidate and 1 x Post-Doc position.
all information here (only in German)

Categories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: GLOSSAE (n. 13, 2016)

Sun, 12/18/2016 - 04:34
Glossae 13, 2016
all information here

next submission's deadline May, 31 2017 (here the rules of publication)

STUDIES
  • Ius Comune e Historia del Derecho, pp 1-4
  • Ius Comune and Legal History
  • Wim Decock, Aniceto Masferrer, Juan A. Obarrio Moreno

  • Il diritto canonico nella prima teologia pratica protestante: La formazione dei ministri ecclesiastici secondo Hyperius, Zepper e Voetius, pp 5-29
  • Canon law in early Protestant practical theology: The formation of ecclesiastical ministers according to Hyperius, Zepper and Voetius
  • Paolo Astorri

  • Reflexiones doctrinales en torno a las Clementinas Dispendiosam y Saepe contingit: El proceso sumario a la luz del utriusque iuris, pp 30-70
  • Doctrinal Reflections on the Clementines’ Dispendiosam & Saepe contingit: The Summary Process in the Utriusque Iuris
  • Javier Belda Iniesta

  • Crimini enormi e tortura ex processu informativo: una violazione dei diritto di difesa dell’imputato?, pp 71-107
  • ‘Enormous’ crimes and torture ‘ex processu informativo’: A violation of the defendants’ rights?
  • Giovanni Chiodi

  • Alfonso Díaz de Montalvo: Juez y Jurisprudente en Castilla durante el siglo XV, pp 108-164
  • Alfonso Díaz de Montalvo: Judge and Jurisprudent in the 15th-century Castile
  • Salustiano de Dios

  • The “Appropriateness” of Dowry: Women and Inheritance in the Papal States in the Early Nineteenth Century, pp 165-181
  • Sara Delmedico

  • Il diritto penale del Regnum Siciliae in una raccolta di decisiones della seconda metà del seicento, pp 182-206
  • The criminal law of the Kingdom of Sicily in a collection of Decisiones from the second half of the 17th century
  • Francesco Di Chiara

  • Um fragmento em português do Ordo iudiciarius de Tancredo, pp 207-242
  • A Portuguese Fragment of the Tancredus’ Ordo iudiciarius
  • José Domingues

  • Transitional Justice in Consultations of Hendrik van Kinschot (1541–1608) Learned Legal Practice on Wars, Loans and Credit, pp 243-274
  • Wouter Druwé



  • Ciencia jurídica europea y Derecho comunitario: Ius romanum. Ius commune. Common law. Civil law, pp 275-306
  • European Legal Science and Community Law Ius romanum. Ius commune. Common law. Civil law
  • Antonio Fernández de Buján

  • Ius Commune in Portuguese America: Criminal Issues on Local Canon Law in the ‘First Constitutions of the Diocese of Bahia’ (1707), pp 307-327
  • Ius Commune en la América portuguesa: Cuestiones criminales de Derecho canónico local en las ‘Primeras Constituciones del Arzobispado de Bahia’ (1707)
  • Gustavo Cabral Machado Cabral

  • ILos remedios de ‘amende honorable’ y ‘amende profitable’ ¡Seguramente recibidos en nuestras costumbres! ‒ ¿pero de dónde?, pp 328-341
  • The remedies of ‘amende honorable’ and ‘amende profitable’ Surely received in our customs! – but from where?
  • Jan Hallebeek

  • Die Zuständigkeiten der kirchlichen Gerichte im Spiegel der Legistik, pp 342-370
  • The competences of the ecclesiastical courts according to the medieval specialists of Roman law
  • Maximiliane Kriechbaum

  • Ius commune, Utrumque ius: Tiempos de Derecho único, tiempos de juristas, pp 371-423
  • Ius commune, Utrumque ius: Time of Unique Law, Time of Lawyers
  • Faustino Martínez Martínez

  • El arrendamiento valenciano en el Derecho foral, pp 424-441
  • The Valencian Leasing in the Foral Law
  • Pascual Marzal

  • La cessio bonorum en la tradición jurídica medieval, pp 442-484
  • The cessio bonorum in the Medieval Legal Tradition
  • Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno

  • El defensor civitatis en el Código teodosiano y la Lex romana burgundionum, pp 535-560 
  • The defensor civitatis In the Theodosian Code and in the Lex romana burgundionum
  • José Miguel Piquer Marí

  • La recepción del ius commune en el Reino de Mallorca, pp 561-589
  • The Reception of ius commune in the Kingdom of Majorca
  • Antonio Planas Rosselló

  • Paroemia et regulae iuris romanorum: Desde el ius commune a la jurisprudencia de la Unión Europea, pp 590-625
  • Paroemia et regulae iuris romanorum: The transit from ius commune to the European Union jurisprudence
  • Fernando Reinoso-Barbero

  • Continental Jurists and English Common Law, pp 626-635
  • Thomas Rüfner

  • L’exteriorite du for interieur dans le ius commune des temps modernes, pp 636-653
  • The External Character of the Internal Forum (forum internum) in the Early Modern Ius Commune
  • Laurent Waelkens

  • La Lectura Institutionum de Johannes Bassianus, pp 654-669
  • The Lectura Institutionum by Johannes Bassianus
  • Tammo Wallinga

  • La notion de ‘droit commun’ dans l’Ancienne France coutumière: Point d’étape, pp 670-684
  • The concept of ‘common law’ in the tradition of Ancient French customary law: An update
  • Nicolas Warembourg

BOOK REVIEWS
  • MARCIN BUKAŁA, RISK AND MEDIEVAL NEGOTIUM, Studies of the Attitude towards Entrepreneurship: from Peter the Chanter to Clarus Florentinus, Spoleto: Fondazione Centro italiano di studi sull’alto medioevo, 2014, 263 pp. [ISBN: 9788868090364], p 685
  • Sebastian Krafzik

  • Beatriz García Fueyo, Recepción de las instituciones romanas en la biografía de Alonso Antonio de San Martín, Hijo de Felipe IV, Santiago de Compostela, 2015, 1147 páginas. Recensión de Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno. Universidad de Valencia, pp 686-691
  • Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno

  • Honos alit artes. Studi per il settantesimo compleanno di Mario Ascheri, a cura di Paola MAFFEI e Gian Maria VARANINI, Firenze University Press, 2014, 4 voll., pp 692-710
  • VV.AA

  • Mª Eugenia Ortuño Pérez, Contribuciones al Derecho Romano de sucesiones y donaciones, Dykinson, Monografías de Derecho Romano y Cultura Clásica, 2016, 163 págs., pp 711-713
  • Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno

  • José Luis Zamora Manzano, La administración penitenciaria en el derecho romano. Gestión, tratamiento de los reclusos y mejora de la custodia carcelaria. Madrid, Colección “Monografías de Derecho Romano y Cultura Clásica”, bajo la dirección del Prof. Dr. D. Antonio Fernández de Buján, Dykinson, 2015, 198 págs.pp 714-717
  • Juan Alfredo Obarrio Moreno

NEWS
  • La Influencia del Code pénal (1810) en la Codificación europea y latinoamericana Tradición e influencias extranjeras en el movimiento codificador, pp 718-724
  • The Influence of the Code pénal (1810) over the Codification in Europe and Latin America Tradition and Foreign Influences in the Codification Movement
  • Fernando Hernández Fradejas

  • La Codificación penal española decimonónica: Tradición e influencias extranjeras en la Parte General, pp 725-731
  • Julia Ropero Carrasco

  • IV Congreso Internacional de la European Society for Comparative Legal History ESCLH Fourth Biennial Conference: “Culture, Identity and Legal Instrumentalism” Universidad de Gdansk (Polonia), 29 de junio-1 de julio de 2016, pp 732-734
  • Juan B. Cañizares-Navarro

  • CRÓNICA DEL VIII CONVEGNO INTERNAZIONALE RAVENNA CAPITALE Ravenna, 21-22 de octubre de 2016, pp 735-737
  • José Miguel Piquer Marí

Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: "Family in the Premodern World": A Comparative Approach A Workshop at Princeton University, April 7-8, 2017 Organized by Lee Mordechai and Sara McDougall (DEADLINE 15 JAN 2017)

Thu, 12/15/2016 - 10:46
(image source: Princeton University)
“The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society…”The United Nations’ Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 16.3
The family is perhaps the most basic, common and important social institution across the world in recorded history. The single word in English, however, is used in a surprising number of ways to describe how to organize an individual and those close to them by birth, marriage or co-residence within a more-or-less coherent group. Indeed families, just as other cultural institutions, have long been defined by cultural norms and practices.

While the modern definition of the family is becoming ever more fluid and ‘new’ types of families appear in greater frequency, even a superficial survey of historical human cultures shows that there is no such thing as a ‘natural’ form of family, and that the concept has been constantly changing throughout history. The family could be an inclusive or exclusive institution within a society, while its size would vary between a handful to a few dozen individuals; the interpersonal ties between family members could withstand enormous social pressures or disintegrate almost immediately. A culture might impinge on the relationships within families or ignore them completely. We believe that a comparative approach would be the best way to emphasize these contrasts and the connection between them and the basic norms that govern a given society.

We invite papers that emphasize the themes of family and society and investigate the historical premodern family (up to the sixteenth century in Europe, but later suggestions for other areas would be welcome). Geographical areas and chronological periods are open and we aim for a wide comparative perspective of the workshop as a whole.

Topics can include, but are not limited to:
•       A case study of a specific family or group of families within a society
•       Structures of kinship and the forms of ties they create within a kin group
•       Strategies of inclusion/exclusion within a family or between families
•       A chronological approach to family development in a certain society
•       Connections between family values and broader cultural dispositions
•       Conflicts within or between families and acceptable ways to resolve them
•       Marriage, divorce and family planning as family-construction strategies
•       Social values, norms or taboos related to families within a given society
•       Alternative or deviant family models

The workshop will take place on April 7-8, 2017 at Princeton University. Travel and accommodation funding is available for presenters from beyond the NJ/NY area. After the workshop, participants will be invited to submit their revised papers for publication in a special journal issue that will showcase the variety of premodern families and serve as a stepping stone for further comparative research on families in such societies in history. Please send abstracts of up to 500 words to premodernfamily2017@gmail.com before 15 January 2017. For queries, please email Lee Mordechai (lmordech@princeton.edu) and Sara McDougall (smcdougall@jjay.cuny.edu). 
Categories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis/Revue d'Histoire du Droit/The Legal History Review LXXXIV (2016), No. 3-4

Thu, 12/15/2016 - 10:10


(image source: Brill)
The Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis (Martinus Nijhoff/Brill) published its latest issue.
Table of contents:"Der Sklave als Zwangs-Erbe, Ulpian/Julian 4 ad Sab. (D. 28,5,6,4)" (Berthold Kupisch)
"Le Miroir des Saxons : un texte remarquable, mais presque inconnu dans l’historiographie française (Dirk Heirbaut)
"The benefit to Romanists of using the Basilica" (Hylkje de Jong)
"Num praescriptione omnia iura tolluntur?" (Harry Dondorp)
"Enemies of the Count and of the City" (Jan Dumolyn & Milan Pajic)
"How well do constitutions travel across time and space?" (Jean F. Crombois)
Book reviewsLa grâce des juges, L’institution judiciaire et le sacré en Occident, écrit par R. Jacob, 2014
 (Laurent Waelkens)
La riflessione medievale sulla persona giuridica: la causa pia, écrit par M.G. Fantini, 2010
 (Laurent Waelkens)
Magistri Honorii Summa ‘De iure canonico tractaturus’, tom. II, In memoriam Rudolf Weigand †, et tom. III, adlaborantibus S. Haering, H. Hallermann, Karin Miethaner-Vent [et] M. Petzholt, édité par P. Landau et W. Kozur, 2010
 (Laurent Waelkens)
‘Omnis qui iuste iudicat’ sive lipsiensis, tom. III, In memoriam Rudolf Weigand †, adlaborantibus S. Haering, H. Hallermann, M. Petzholt [et] I.K. Grossmann, édité par P. Landau, W. Kozur [et] K. Miethaner-Vent, 2014
 (Laurent Waelkens)
Pierre Grégoire tra leges e mores, Ricerche sulla pubblicistica francese del tardo Cinquecento, écrit par Ch. Zendri, 2007
 (Laurent Waelkens)
Los bandos de buen gobierno del Río de la Plata, Tucumán y Cuyo (época hispánica), Edición y estudio, écrit par V. Tau Anzoátegui, 2004
  (Laurent Waelkens)
The Great Council of Malines in the 18th century, An aging court in a changing world?, written by An Verscuren, 2015
 (Alain Wijffels)
Developing a legal paradigm for patents: the attitude of judges to patents during the early phase of the Industrial Revolution in England (1750s – 1830s), geschreven door Helen Gubby, 2012
 (T. Cohen Jehoram)All texts can be consulted online.


Categories: Comparative Law News

SSRN PAPER: Rebeca FERNANDES DIAS, "Brazilian Criminological Thinking During the First Republic (1889-1930)" [MPI for European Legal History, Research Paper Series 2016-13]

Thu, 12/15/2016 - 09:54
(images source: typepad)
Wouter Druwé (KULeuven-Research Foundation Flanders (FWO) posted "Dignity and Cessio Bonorum in Early-Modern Dutch Learned Legal Literature" on the MPI for European Legal History's Research Paper Series on SSRN.

Abstract:
Imprisonment for debt was a common sanction in the early modern period. Through the learned legal institute of the cessio bonorum, or its customary legal alternatives, insolvent debtors could avoid the shame of prison. Nevertheless, in order to discourage irresponsible administration of one's patrimony, local customs and princely ordinances often added shaming sanctions to the ius commune institute. This contribution first presents the legal framework of the cessio bonorum, as well as some shaming practices, especially in the Low Countries. In its main part, this article analyses early modern Netherlandish learned legal literature on the cessio bonorum and outlines ten different arguments related to honour and dignity. Authors discussed which goods the ceding debtors were allowed to retain both at the moment of the cession and thereafter. On the one hand, fraudulent debtors did not deserve any humane treatment and, thus, neither the benefice of cession. For other classes of debtors on the other hand, like clerics, noblemen or members of the military, the obligations going along with the cession of goods were less severe. The arguments outlined in this paper also illustrate the entanglement of humanitarian and instrumental reasoning.Fulltext here.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Doglas HOWLAND, International Law and Japanese Sovereignty. The Emerging Global Order in the 19th Century. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, XI +232 p. ISBN 978-1-137-57108-3

Thu, 12/15/2016 - 01:27
(image source: palgrave)

Book abstract:
How does a nation become a great power? A global order was emerging in the nineteenth century, one in which all nations were included. This book explores the multiple legal grounds of Meiji Japan's assertion of sovereign statehood within that order: natural law, treaty law, international administrative law, and the laws of war. Contrary to arguments that Japan was victimized by 'unequal' treaties, or that Japan was required to meet a 'standard of civilization' before it could participate in international society, Howland argues that the Westernizing Japanese state was a player from the start. In the midst of contradictions between law and imperialism, Japan expressed state will and legal acumen as an equal of the Western powers – international incidents in Japanese waters, disputes with foreign powers on Japanese territory, and the prosecution of interstate war. As a member of international administrative unions, Japan worked with fellow members to manage technical systems such as the telegraph and the post. As a member of organizations such as the International Law Association and as a leader at the Hague Peace Conferences, Japan helped to expand international law. By 1907, Japan was the first non-western state to join the ranks of the great powers.On the author:
Douglas Howland is the Buck Professor of Chinese History at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA. He is the author of four books and co-editor (with Luise White) of The State of Sovereignty: Territories, Laws, Populations (2009).
Table of contents:
International Legal Grounds for State Sovereignty
The Family of Nations and Conflict of Laws
Territorial Sovereignty and Extraterritorial Privilege
The Alternative Order of International Administration
Mastering the International Laws of War
Japan Among the Great Powers
Categories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: ‘A Violent World? Changes and Limits to Large-Scale Violence in Early Modernity’ (Oxford, 29 June-1 July 2017) DEADLINE 31 DEC 2016

Thu, 12/15/2016 - 01:17
(image source: Oxford University)

The University of Oxford's Centre for Global History organizes a conference on violence in early modernity.

Conference description:
This conference brings global approaches to the history of violence, reassessing the nature of violence during the early modern period. Using violence and the restraint of violence as a unifying theme, participants are encouraged to make trans-national comparisons and connections across the early modern world. An abstract of 400 words, accompanied by a short (two-page) CV, should be submitted to globalviolence@history.ox.ac.uk by 31 December 2016. 
The history of violence and its restraint has been crucial to definitions of ‘Western civilization’ and the modern world, often by contrasting them with barbaric predecessors and the cultures that they claim to have tamed. Yet, evidence for the restraint of violence varies according to one’s viewpoint: the sharp decline of homicide in seventeenth-century Europe, for example, diverges from the simultaneous rise in violence of Atlantic colonial societies. As histories of violence and restraint are usually written from national and nationalist perspectives, this conference brings global approaches to the study of violence in order to probe historical assumptions about the limits of violence and its decline during the early modern period. It thereby also questions narratives of the inexorable rise of the nation-state alongside historical periodization of the ‘early modern’ and ‘modern.’ 
Recent historical approaches to violence, shaped by the cultural turn, have tended to focus on inter-personal violence and its patterns in civil society. This conference will integrate warfare and other crucial forms of large-scale violence with recent scholarship on the history of collective and inter-individual violence. By examining large-scale, organized violence alongside broader social and cultural patterns, this conference will explore the boundaries between ‘war’ and ‘violence’, as well as how they relate to ideas of morality, social order, law, and political legitimacy in the early modern world. We encourage scholars to address contemporary perceptions of violence and its restraint, framing analysis through thematic, rather than geographic, approaches. 
Given that we are encouraging scholars to probe assumptions about historical periods, our definition of ‘early modern’ is purposefully flexible.
Confirmed speakers include: Wayne Lee, Alan McFarlane, Stuart Carroll, Pratyay Nath, Brian Sandberg, Cecile Vidal, Lauren Benton, Adam Clulow, Simon Layton, Richard Reid, and James Belich.
We welcome papers that address:
- Global comparisons and indicators of violence
- Definitions of organized violence and crime, such as banditry and piracy
- Linkages between organized, collective and interpersonal violence
- Law’s penetration into oceanic, battlefield, domestic, and/or other novel arenas
- The nature of extra-territorial violence
- Actual practices of violence
- Toleration and restraint of violence
- Methods of measurement, used by contemporaries and/or historians, in assessing what is or was appropriate
We particularly welcome papers on violence in regions not covered by confirmed speakers, such as China, Russia, the Ottoman Empire, and Africa.Organisation:
Peter H. Wilson, Chichele Professor of the History of War, University of Oxford
Marie Houllemare, Institut Universitaire de France, Université d’Amiens (CHSSC)
Erica Charters, Oxford Centre for Global History Centre, University of Oxford
Categories: Comparative Law News

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