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NOTICE: "Normes et institutions de l’hospitalité dans l’Antiquité méditerranéenne : regards sur l’Antiquité tardive" (Rome, June 27-28)

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 04:38

WHAT Normes et institutions de l’hospitalité dans l’Antiquité méditerranéenne : regards sur l’Antiquité tardive, atelier
WHEN June 27-28 2016 (June 27: 14.00/17.30 - June 28: 9.30/12.30)
WHERE Ecole Francaise de Rome, Piazza Farnese 67, Rome
all information here
Après une première rencontre consacrée aux questions de lexique (ENS de Lyon, 24-25 mars 2016), le deuxième atelier de recherches du projet HospitAm est dédié à la question des normes et des institutions de l’hospitalité autour de la Méditerranée antique, qui nous invite à explorer les liens entre hospitalité et droit naturel, religieux, public ou privé. En Orient comme en Occident, l’Antiquité tardive se révèle une période clé dans cette perspective, entre institutionnalisation d’une culture dite chrétienne de l’hospitalité, persistance de traditions aristocratiques de réception, restructuration de réseaux publics d’accueil et vastes entreprises de codification du droit civil et religieux.Le projet HospitAmLe projet HospitAm (Hospitalités dans l'Antiquité méditerranéenne : sources, enjeux, pratiques discours), coordonné par Claire Fauchon-Claudon (ENS de Lyon-HiSoMA UMR 5189) et par Marie-Adeline Le Guennec (École française de Rome, Section Antiquité -HiSoMA UMR 5189), est un projet émergent de l'ENS de Lyon dédié à l'exploration de la notion d'hospitalité dans le contexte du bassin méditerranéen, entre Antiquité et Haut Moyen Âge. Qu'on l'entende dans son sens général de pratique gratuite de réception ou qu'elle s'incarne dans des conventions particulières d'accueil entre individus et/ou groupes, l'hospitalité et ses réseaux jouent un rôle décisif dans l'organisation, la gestion et l'encadrement des mobilités humaines en Méditerranée, et ce à l'échelle de l'ensemble de l'Antiquité : le projet HospitAm entend contribuer à une meilleure connaissance de ce phénomène complexe, entre pratiques, discours et représentations, continuités et ruptures diachroniques, diversités et permanences régionales.
Categories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: "Historia et Jus" (n. 9, June 2016)

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 04:22

Historia et Jus, n. 9, June 2016
all information here
Num. 9 - June 2016                                                                                        gli autori del num. 9
  • 1) In ricordo di Severino Caprioli (di Giovanni Diurni) - PDF
  • 2) In ricordo di Aldo Mazzacane (di Mario Caravale) - PDF

Temi e questioni
  • 3) Maria Rosa Di Simone, La condizione giuridica della donna nell’ABGB - PDF
  • 4) Federico Martino, Storia dell’uomo che voleva giurare a suo modo. Diritto civile e libertà di coscienza tra Rivoluzione e Impero - PDF
  • 5) Giacomo Pace Gravina, “In Sicilia per poco non è data la stessa aria in enfiteusi”: un istituto delle Leggi Civili del 1819 nella lettura dei giuristi isolani - PDF

Studi (valutati tramite peer review)
  • 6) Antonio Cappuccio, Pratiche speculative e resistenze del diritto: i contratti a termine sui valori mobiliari in Francia tra Ancien Régime e codificazione - PDF
  • 7) Antonello Cincotta, L’ambiente "l’Antico e noi". Premesse storiche ad uno studio in materia di diritto penale dell’ambiente - PDF
  • 8) Daniele Edigati, Una riforma di fine Antico Regime alla vigilia dell’annessione. Moreau de Saint-Méry e il problema della giustizia criminale nel ducato parmense - PDF
  • 9) Alessia Legnani Annichini, La disciplina del prosseneta tra iura propria e ius commune: la realtà bolognese (secc. XIII-XV) - PDF
  • 10) Claudia Passarella, La tortura giudiziaria nella Repubblica di Venezia nei secoli XVI-XVIII - PDF
  • 11) Federico Roggero, Storia demaniale della città dell'Aquila - PDF
  • 12) Enrico Sandrini, Gli ordinamenti forensi del Ducato austro-estense - PDF

Fonti e letture
  • 13) Adhémar Esmein, La jurisprudence et la doctrine (1902), introduzione di Paolo Alvazzi del Frate - PDF


Interventi
  • 14) Pierpaolo Bonacini, La glossa: una nuova risorsa digitale per la storia giuridica - PDF
  • 15) Antonio Cammelli-Francesco Romano, Tecnologie per la storia del diritto: le attestazioni del termine 'mandato' nei documenti giuridici antichi e contemporanei - PDF
  • 16) Maria De Benedetto, La qualità della funzione regolatoria: ieri, oggi e domani - PDF
  • 17) Simona Feci, I criminalisti dello Stato pontificio in età barocca. Una ricerca in corso - PDF
  • 18) Maria Michela Greco, The Thirty-Six Commandments: la codificazione d’onore irlandese - PDF
  • 19) Antonio Masi, L’acquisto del tesoro nel Vangelo di Matteo - PDF
  • 20) Paolo Passaniti, Riflessioni sul senso storico della mezzadria. La versione toscana di un contratto particolare - PDF
  • 21) Federico Sciarra, Il matrimonio nell’Ottocento italiano fra potere civile e potere ecclesiastico - PDF
  • 22) Enrico Spagnesi, L’Italia “semenzaio di nazioni” (Sismondi). A proposito di Lorenzo Tanzini, A consiglio. La vita politica nell’Italia dei comuni, Bari, Laterza, 2014 - PDF 

Páginas españolas
  • 23) Pilar Arregui Zamorano-Mercedes Galán Lorda, Ismael Sánchez Bella y su contribución a la Historia del Derecho - PDF
  • 24) Pascual Marzal, Mariano Peset Reig: catedrático de historia del derecho - PDF

Procesos con nombre de mujer. La Justicia y los tribunales en la definición de la identidad femenina en la Europa Moderna (Actas del Congreso International de Valladolid 1-2 octubre 2015) coord. Margarita Torremocha Hernández
  • 25) Presentación: "Procesos con nombre de mujer", de Margarita Torremocha Hernández - PDF
  • 26) Marco Cavina, Las mujeres y la eutanasia: tipología criminal - PDF
  • 27) Margarita Torremocha Hernández, Consideraciones jurídicas y sociales de la mujer adúltera en Castilla, a finales del Antiguo Régimen - PDF
  • 28) Pedro Ortego Gil, Condenas a mujeres en la Edad Moderna: aspectos jurídicos básicos para su comprensión - PDF
  • 29) Ofelia Rey Castelao, Las mujeres de Galicia ante los tribunales: la defensa de lo suyo - PDF
  • 30) José Luis de las Heras Santos, La mujer y la moral  en la legislación castellana de la Edad Moderna - PDF
  • 31) Alfredo Martín García, Demandantes, acusadas y testigos. El papel de las mujeres en los procesos matrimoniales castrenses del reino de Galicia durante la edad moderna - PDF
  • 32) María José Pérez Álvarez, Curas y amancebadas: los pleitos ante el tribunal eclesiástico de la Diócesis de León en el siglo XVIII - PDF
  • 33) María Luisa Candau Chacón, Mujeres ante la justicia: bígamas en la Sevilla Moderna - PDF
  • 34) Carlos Lozano Ruiz, Violencia verbal en el ámbito doméstico. La realidad de las mozas de servicio a finales de la Modernidad - PDF
  • 35) Alberto Corada Alonso, Mujeres parleras y desvergonzadas. Del insulto callejero al delito de injurias - PDF
  • 36) Damigela Hoxha, Donne criminali fra dottrina e prassi alla fine del XVIII secolo - PDF
  • 37) Cesarina Casanova, Crimini di donne, giudici benevoli (Bologna, XVI-XVIII secolo) - PDF
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Reinventing Punishment. A Comparative History of Criminology and Penology in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries" by Michele Pifferi (June, 2016)

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 04:22

Reinventing Punishment. A Comparative History of Criminology and Penology in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, by Michele Pifferi
all information here
  • Offers an ambitious comparative approach to the history of criminology and penology, contributing to the current debate on the common traits of European and US penology
  • Interprets the relations between constitutional frameworks and the principle of individualisation of punishment
  • Analyses the legal, political, and theoretical arguments that have been used both against and in favour of preventive detention
Michele Pifferi is Associate Professor of Legal History at the Law Department, University of Ferrara, where he teaches Medieval and Modern Law History and Criminal Law History. He has been visiting researcher at the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History in Frankfurt am Main (2002); Emil Noël Fellow at the Jean Monnet Center for International & Regional Economic Law and Justice, NYU School of Law (2009); Robbins Fellow at Berkeley UC, School of Law (2012); Academic Visitor at the Oxford Centre for Criminology (2014); and is currently Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellow at the University of Hamburg. His research interests focus on comparative history of criminal law and criminology and migration history.

Table of contents

1: Introduction
2: Designing the 'New Horizons' of Punishment
3: The Origins of Different Penological Identities
4: The Struggle over the Indeterminacy of Punishment in the USE (1870s-1900s)
5: The Concept of Indeterminate Sentence in the European Criminal Law Doctrine
6: The Formation of the European Dual-Track System
7: The 'New Penology' as a Constitutional Matter: The Crisis of Legality in the Rule of Law and the Rechtsstaat (1900s-1930s)
8: Nulla poena sine lege and the Sentencing Discretion
9: From Repression to Prevention: The Uncertain Borders between Jurisdiction and Administration
10: The Constitutional Conundrum of the Limits to Preventive Detention
11: Conclusions
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Press and Speech Under Assault: The Early Supreme Court Justices, the Sedition Act of 1798, and the Campaign against Dissent " by Wendell Bird (2016)

Tue, 06/14/2016 - 05:32

Wendell Bird, Press and Speech Under Assault: The Early Supreme Court Justices, the Sedition Act of 1798, and the Campaign against Dissent
all information here
The early Supreme Court justices wrestled with how much press and speech is protected by freedoms of press and speech, before and under the First Amendment, and with whether the Sedition Act of 1798 violated those freedoms. This book discusses the twelve Supreme Court justices before John Marshall, their views of liberties of press and speech, and the Sedition Act prosecutions over which some of them presided. 

The book begins with the views of the pre-Marshall justices about freedoms of press and speech, before the struggle over the Sedition Act. It finds that their understanding was strikingly more expansive than the narrow definition of Sir William Blackstone, which is usually assumed to have dominated the period. Not one justice of the Supreme Court adopted that narrow definition before 1798, and all expressed strong commitments to those freedoms. 

The book then discusses the views of the early Supreme Court justices about freedoms of press and speech during the national controversy over the Sedition Act of 1798 and its constitutionality. It finds that, though several of the justices presided over Sedition Act trials, the early justices divided almost evenly over that issue with an unrecognized half opposing its constitutionality, rather than unanimously supporting the Act as is generally assumed. The book similarly reassesses the Federalist party itself, and finds that an unrecognized minority also challenged the constitutionality of the Sedition Act and the narrow Blackstone approach during 1798-1801, and that an unrecognized minority of the other states did as well in considering the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions. 

The book summarizes the recognized fourteen prosecutions of newspaper editors and other opposition members under the Sedition Act of 1798. It sheds new light on the recognized cases by identifying and confirming twenty-two additional Sedition Act prosecutions. 

At each of these steps, this book challenges conventional views in existing histories of the early republic and of the early Supreme Court justices.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Martial Law and English Laws, c.1500–c.1700" by John M. Collins (May, 2016)

Tue, 06/14/2016 - 05:23

John M. Collins, Martial Law and English Laws, c. 1500- c. 1700
all information here
John M. Collins presents the first comprehensive history of martial law in the early modern period. He argues that rather than being a state of exception from law, martial law was understood and practiced as one of the King's laws. Further, it was a vital component of both England's domestic and imperial legal order. It was used to quell rebellions during the Reformation, to subdue Ireland, to regulate English plantations like Jamestown, to punish spies and traitors in the English Civil War, and to build forts on Jamaica. Through outlining the history of martial law, Collins reinterprets English legal culture as dynamic, politicized, and creative, where jurists were inspired by past practices to generate new law rather than being restrained by it. This work asks that legal history once again be re-integrated into the cultural and political histories of early modern England and its empire.

John M. CollinsEastern Washington University
John M. Collins is a Lecturer in History at Eastern Washington University. He studied for his PhD at the University of Virginia. He has in the past been awarded research grants from the North American Council of British Studies, the American Society for Legal History, the Huntington Library, the Clark Library, the Lilly Library, and the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Miscellaneous Reports of Cases in the Court of Delegates from 1670 to 1750" W. H. Bryson, ed. (2016)

Tue, 06/14/2016 - 05:08


W. H. Bryson, ed., Miscellaneous Reports of Cases in the Court of Delegates from 1670 to 1750
all information here
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Reports of Cases in the Court of Chancery in the Middle Ages" W. H. Bryson ed. (2016)

Tue, 06/14/2016 - 05:03

W. H. Bryson, ed., Reports of Cases in the Court of Chancery in the Middle Ages (1325 to 1508)
all information here

Categories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: "ESCLH General Assembly" (Gdynia, June 30 2016)

Sat, 06/11/2016 - 17:04

WHAT The ESCLH General Assembly
WHEN June 30, 9:00 

WHERE Pomeranian Park of Science and Technology, Gdynia


The General Assembly for 2016 will take place at the ESCLH conference, specifically on 30 June, 9am, Pomeranian Park of Science and Technology, Gdynia. Would any members who have any business that they wish to bring to the meeting please respond immediately to the Secretary-General, Matt Dyson, on mnd21@cam.ac.uk. The Executive Council would particularly welcome any discussion on the futher growth and development of our honourable society. Items need to reach the Secretary-General as soon as possible, and in particular, before 15 June. Information on any items for the agenda will appear on the blog (esclh.blogspot.co.uk) and/or sent to you.

In the meantime, the Executive Council is greatly looking forward to seeing you all in the great Tri-City of Poland for the fourth biennial conference!

Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "History and Constitution" by Luigi Lacché (2016)

Fri, 06/10/2016 - 04:10


History and Constitution. Developments in European Constitutionalism: the comparative experience of Italy, France, Switzerland and Belgium, by Luigi Lacché
all information here
Studien zur europäischen Rechtsgeschichte 299 Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann 2016. IX, 722 S.
ISBN 978-3-465-04285-3This volume gathers together 25 essays dedicated to the history of four important constitutional experiments (France, Belgium, Switzerland and Italy). While it considers these experiments and developments in the 19th and 20th centuries, comparative constitutional history, nevertheless, offers the possibility of obtaining a wider purview. It is in this sense that we can speak of the myth of the English constitution pervading the discourses and language of the French liberals, of Belgium being referred to as “Little England” in Italy, and the Modell Deutschland as increasingly becoming an object of fascination for Italian scholars of public law. In the 1830s Alexis de Tocqueville analysed the situation in Switzerland and compared the different kinds of federalism present in America and in Europe.A European comparative constitutional history, taking up a global perspective, can help us to better decipher two very important issues pertinent to our times: first, for assessing the identity and the constitutional substance of a living common core of the European constitutional traditions; and second, for considering constitutional history as a useful tool to address different levels of global constitutionalism and new trends of governance. History & Constitution offers not only insights into the past, but also provides some guidelines for the future.
Categories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: XVth International Congress of Medieval Canon Law (Paris, 18-23 Jul 2016)

Thu, 06/09/2016 - 05:59
(source: Conference website)
The XVth International Congress of Medieval Canon Law will take place in Paris from 18 to 23 July 2016, co-organised by the Institut d'Histoire du Droit (Paris II Panthéon-Assas), ÉHESS and the Michel de l'Hôpital School of Law (Clermont-Ferrand/Auvergne).

Organising committee:
  • Bernard d’Alteroche, Professor at the University Panthéon-Assas (Paris II)
  • Patrick Arabeyre, Professor at the École nationale des chartes
  • Brigitte Basdevant-Gaudemet, Professor at the University Paris-Sud
  • Michèle Bégou-Davia, Professor emeritus at the University Paris-Sud
  • Florence Demoulin-Auzary, Professor at the University of Caen Basse-Normandie
  • Olivier Descamps, Professor at the University Panthéon-Assas (Paris II)
  • François Jankowiak, Professor at the University Paris-Sud
  • Nicolas Laurent-Bonne, Professor at the University of Auvergne
  • Anne Lefebvre-Teillard, Professor emeritus at the University Panthéon-Assas (Paris II)
  • Charles de Miramon, Research Fellow at the CNRS
  • Franck Roumy, Professor at the University Panthéon-Assas (Paris II)
  • Clarisse Siméant, Lecturer at the University Paris-Sud
Scientific committee:
  •  Greta Austin, Associate Professor at the university of Puget Sound
  • Michèle Bégou-Davia, Professor emeritus at the university Paris-Sud
  • Peter Clarke, Professor at the university of Southampton
  • Kathleen Cushing, Reader in medieval history at Keele University
  • Florence Demoulin-Auzary, Professor at the university of Caen Basse-Normandie
  • Gisela Drossbach, Professor at the university of Augsburg
  • Franck Roumy, Professor at the university Panthéon-Assas (Paris II)
  • Thomas Wetzstein, Professor at the university of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt
  • Anders Winroth, Professor at the university of Yale

A full-fledged website is online here.

The full programme can be found here, a link to register here.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Benjamin Allen COATES, Legalist Empire: International Law and American Foreign Relations in the Early Twentieth Century. Oxford, OUP, 2016, 296 p. ISBN 9780190495954, $ 35

Thu, 06/09/2016 - 05:49
(image source: OUP)
The Legal History Blog signalled the publication of Legalist Empire: International Law and American Foreign Relations in the Early Twentieth Century by Benjamin Allen Coates (Wake Forest University).
Abstract:
America's empire expanded dramatically following the Spanish-American War of 1898. The United States quickly annexed the Philippines and Puerto Rico, seized control over Cuba and the Panama Canal Zone, and extended political and financial power throughout Latin America. This age of empire, Benjamin Allen Coates argues, was also an age of international law. Justifying America's empire with the language of law and civilization, international lawyers-serving simultaneously as academics, leaders of the legal profession, corporate attorneys, and high-ranking government officials-became central to the conceptualization, conduct, and rationalization of US foreign policy.

Just as international law shaped empire, so too did empire shape international law. Legalist Empire shows how the American Society of International Law was animated by the same notions of "civilization" that justified the expansion of empire overseas. Using the private papers and published writings of such figures as Elihu Root, John Bassett Moore, and James Brown Scott, Coates shows how the newly-created international law profession merged European influences with trends in American jurisprudence, while appealing to elite notions of order, reform, and American identity. By projecting an image of the United States as a unique force for law and civilization, legalists reconciled American exceptionalism, empire, and an international rule of law. Under their influence the nation became the world's leading advocate for the creation of an international court.
Although the legalist vision of world peace through voluntary adjudication foundered in the interwar period, international lawyers-through their ideas and their presence in halls of power-continue to infuse vital debates about America's global role.
 Table of Contents:
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Chapter 1: International Law in Europe and America to 1898
Chapter 2: Selling Empire, 1898-1904
Chapter 3: Legalism at Home: Professionalizing International Law, 1900-1913
Chapter 4: Legalism in the World, 1907-1913
Chapter 5: International Law and Empire in Latin America, 1904-1917
Chapter 6: Legalism, Neutrality, and the Great War, 1914-1918
Chapter 7: World War, Collective Security, and International Law, 1914-1941
Conclusion
List of Abbreviations
Notes
Bibliography
IndexMore information at OUP.
Categories: Comparative Law News

PAPER: Thomas Mohr on "Ireland and the British Empire 1936-1937: A Relationship Reflected in Law Journals" (SSRN)

Thu, 06/09/2016 - 05:42
(source: ucd.ie)
The Law and Humanities blog signals a paper on SSRN by Thomas Mohr (Sutherland School of Law, UCD) entitled "Ireland and the British Empire, 1916-1937: A Relationship Reflected in Law Journals" in the UCD Working Papers in Law, Criminology & Socio-Legal Studies series (04/16).

Abstract:
The purpose of this article is to assess the value of law journals as sources for the analysis of modern Irish history. It examines how two periods of obvious political transition in Irish history are reflected in law journals. The article covers the period between 1916 and 1922, which saw the secession most of the island of Ireland from the United Kingdom, and the period between 1922 and 1937, which saw the gradual secession of the Irish Free State from the British Empire. It examines how military conflict, partition and the 1921 Anglo Irish Treaty influenced the content, nature, and editorial policies followed by Irish law journals. Important non-Irish law journals, in particular the Canadian Bar Review and the Journal of Comparative Legislation and International Law, are also examined in the context of the constitutional relationship between the Irish Free State and Dominion status. These examples are used to support the conclusion that law journals remain important sources in charting and evaluating political transitions in early twentieth century Ireland. See text on SSRN.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Luigi LACCHÈ, History & Constitution. Developments in European Constitutionalism: the comparative experience of Italy, France, Switzerland and Belgium [Studien zur europäischen Rechtsgeschichte; 299]. Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann, 2016...

Thu, 06/09/2016 - 05:26

(image source: klostermann)
Prof. Luigi Lacchè (Macerata) just published a volume of collected essays on History & Constitution Developments in European Constitutionalism: the comparative experience of Italy, France, Switzerland and Belgium, the 299th volume in the Studien zur europäischen Rechtsgeschichte-series of the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History in Frankfurt.

Abstract:
This volume gathers together 25 essays dedicated to the history of four important constitutional experiments (France, Belgium, Switzerland and Italy). While it considers these experiments and developments in the 19th and 20th centuries, comparative constitutional history, nevertheless, offers the possibility of obtaining a wider purview. It is in this sense that we can speak of the myth of the English constitution pervading the discourses and language of the French liberals, of Belgium being referred to as “Little England” in Italy, and the Modell Deutschland as increasingly becoming an object of fascination for Italian scholars of public law. In the 1830s Alexis de Tocqueville analysed the situation in Switzerland and compared the different kinds of federalism present in America and in Europe.
A European comparative constitutional history, taking up a global perspective, can help us to better decipher two very important issues pertinent to our times: first, for assessing the identity and the constitutional substance of a living common core of the European constitutional traditions; and second, for considering constitutional history as a useful tool to address different levels of global constitutionalism and new trends of governance. History & Constitution offers not only insights into the past, but also provides some guidelines for the future.Free excerpt can be read here.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Mario CAJAS, The History of the Supreme Court of Colombia, 1886-1991 [La Historia de la Corte Suprema deJusticia de Colombia, 1886-1991]. Bogotá: University of the Andes/Icesi University, 2015. ISBN 9789587740929 and 9789587740943, $25

Mon, 06/06/2016 - 16:07
(image source: Libreria Uniandes)
Mario Cajas-Sarria (Icesi University, Cali) published The History of the Supreme Court of Colombia, 1886-1991.
Abstract and table of contents:The book tells for the first time a history of the Supreme Court of Colombia and places the tribunal in the broader context of Colombian politics.
This history evolves in eight periods and chapters: (1) From the Court of the Regeneration to Constitutional Court: Between the Defense of Legality to Constitutional Supremacy, 1886-1910; (2) The Supreme Court in its Inaugural Stage as a Constitutional Court, 1910-1915; (3) The Court Between Conservative and Liberal Hegemony: Between Politics and Law, 1915-1945; (4) The Supreme Court, 1945-1952: Toward the Crisis of the Political Regime; (5) The Court under the Military Rule, from 1953 to 1958; (6) The Transition to Civilian Rule: The Court at the beginning of the National Front; (7) The Consolidation and Crisis of the National Front and the Struggle for Power of Judicial Review, 1968 to 1980; and (8)The Court in the Midst of War: Rise and Decline of Judicial Review of the Supreme Court, 1981-1991.
The narrative is constructed through the mutual interdependence between legal doctrine and political contexts and environments, so that it serves to outline the development of the Court within the Colombian political realm. The book analyzes the constitutional decisions of the Court, and recognizing a partial autonomy of legal doctrine, discusses his relationship with political events.
In each period different interventions of the court reveal their political complex, the relationships with other political actors in the political regime, and also the strategic behavior of the Court and its justices. Thus, it captures the changes, ruptures and continuity in the institutional trajectory of the Supreme Court, the constitutional justice and even the building of the Colombian judiciary. In this history, the Court appears as a "special" political actor, who made decisions although constrained by legal doctrines and the interpretive community. In doing so, this narrative seeks to contribute to the knowledge of a field that, in general, has arguably been unexplored in Latin America and especially in Colombia.Capítulo Primero: Cómo construir una narrativa de la Corte Suprema de Justicia de Colombia
Capítulo Segundo De juez de la Regeneración a juez constitucional: entre la defensa de la legalidad y la supremacía constitucional, 1886-1910.
Capítulo Tercero: La Corte Suprema de Justicia en su etapa inaugural como juez constitucional, 1910-1915;.
Capítulo Cuarto: La Corte entre las hegemonías conservadora y liberal: entre la política y el .derecho, 1915-1945.
Capítulo Quinto: La Corte Suprema de justicia, 1945-1952: hacia la crisis del régimen político.
Capítulo Sexto: La Corte bajo el régimen militar, 1953-1958.
Capítulo Séptimo: La transición al régimen civil: La Corte en los inicios del Frente Nacional.
Capítulo  Octavo: La consolidación y crisis del Frente Nacional y la lucha por el poder del control constitucional,-1968-1980.
Capítulo Noveno: La Corte en medio de la guerra: ascenso y declive del control constitucional de la Corte Suprema de Justicia, 1981-1991.   The book can be acquired on amazon or at the University of the Andes.
Categories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: "From Mothers to Citizens: Italian Women from Unification to the Republic" (Cambridge, September 29-30 2016)

Sat, 06/04/2016 - 03:34

WHAT From Mothers to Citizens: Italian Women from Unification to the Republic, Conference

WHEN September 29-30 2016

WHERE University of Cambridge, Department of Italian, Raised Faculty Building, Sedgwick Avenue, Cambridge

all information here


This conference seeks to mark the 70th anniversary of women's right to vote by investigating the development of women’s status and their changing role and image between Unification and the founding of the Republic.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "The spirit of Korean Law. Korean Legal History in Context" by Marie Seong-Hak Kim (ed.)

Sat, 06/04/2016 - 03:23

The spirit of Korean Law. Korean Legal History in Context, by Marie Seong-Hak Kim (ed.)
Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, 2016ISBN13: 9789004290778
E-ISBN: 9789004306011
http://www.brill.com/products/book/spirit-korean-law
This is the first book on Korean legal history in English written by a group of leading scholars from around the world. The chapters set forth the developments of Korean law from the Chosŏn to colonial and modern periods through the examination of codified laws, legal theories and practices, and jurisprudence. The contributors’ shared premise is that the evolution of Korean law can be best understood when viewed in terms of its interactions with outside laws. Each chapter integrates literature in Korean, Japanese, Chinese, and Western languages into comprehensive analyses to make up-to-date research available to readers both inside and outside Korea. This volume provides a solid framework from which to approach Korean legal history in the perspective of comparative legal traditions.

Biographical noteMarie Seong-Hak Kim (J.D. 1994; Ph.D. 1991) is Professor of History at St. Cloud State University. She is the author of Law and Custom in Korea: Comparative Legal History (2012) and Michel de L’Hôpital: The Vision of a Reformist Chancellor during the French Religious Wars (1997).
ReadershipAnyone interested in Korean law, Korean history, East Asian legal history, and comparative legal traditions.
Table of contents


Preface List of Contributors 
Introduction: Searching for the Spirit of Korean Law Marie Seong-Hak Kim
Part 1 Legal Codes and Institutions of the Chosŏn Dynasty
The Chosŏn Law Codes in an East Asian Perspective Jérôme Bourgon and Pierre-Emmanuel Roux
Circulation of Law and Jurisprudence in Korea and China: Homicide and the Notion of Requital for Life Frédéric Constant
Confucian Ideology and Legal Developments in Chosŏn Korea: A Methodological Essay Anders Karlsson
Part 2 Law and the Legal System under Colonial Rule
The Rise of Korean Constitutional Thought (1875–1945): An East Asian Perspective Noriko Kokubun
Can There Be Good Colonial Law? Korean Law and Jurisprudence under Japanese Rule Revisited Marie Seong-Hak Kim
Legality or Legitimacy: Revisiting Debates on the Korea-Japan Annexation Treaties Samuel Guex
Part 3 Law, Court, and Legal Reform in Modern Korea
The Making of the Constitution and the Civil Code in Postliberation Korea Joon-Young Moon
The Role of the Constitutional Court of Korea in the Transition from Authoritarian to Democratic RuleJustine Guichard
Korea and the Reform of the Northeast Asian Legal Complex Tom Ginsburg
Index

Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: North versus South ? Gender, Law and Economics in Early Modern and Modern Europe (15th-19th Century); DEADLINE 30 JUL 2016

Tue, 05/31/2016 - 13:11
(image source: Normandie Université)

The Research Group at the University of Normandy (Rouen) and the Institut Universitaire de France host the 8th Conference of the European Network on Gender Differences in the History of European Legal Cultures.

Presentation:
The aim of the 8th conference of the network Gender Differences in the History of European Legal Cultures will be to analyse the consequences of different European juridical systems on the development of specific economic roles for men and women. At the core of the comparative analysis, at the European scale, there will be the different economic evolutions of European regions in the early modern and modern times. Customary laws characterized Northern Europe and Roman law characterized Southern Europe, but at the local level there were many differences, depending on urban statutes, craft rules, family structures, political and economic systems.
Some gender historians of early modern economy applied to early modern societies categories that had been created by the economists of emerging countries in order to challenge the relationships between women's economic rights, marital economy and economic development. In a provocative and stimulating article, Amy L. Erickson suggested a relationship between the development of English capitalism, in the 18th century, and the fact that married women, under the regime of the “common law”, lost all their properties. This allowed husbands to use, and to invest, much more capitals than if they had had to save their wives' dowry, in case they had to claim it, when widowed, as it was current in Mediterranean Europe, under the regime of the Roman law. At the same time, single women had the complete control on their goods, much more than in most early modern societies. The outcome was that, in early modern England, there was an important stock of potential investors1.
In a recent article, Tine De Moor and Jan Luiten Van Zanden argued that in Early Modern North-West Europe the transfer of property – from parents to children and from bride to groom – was a crucial factor for the development of “labour-market oriented” strategies, that enabled the rapid economic growth of the area. Indeed, in North-West Europe the necessity/will to amass resources with a view to marriage encouraged young girls to enter the temporary service. At the same time, a marital regime based on the conjugal fund, stimulated the wives to take part actively in the business family. In contrast, in South Europe the endowment system would have kept women away from the labour market, since their position was more or less fixed by the presence of the dowry, that they received as inheritance portion from their family estate and got back from their husband's heirs in widowhood2.
Sheilagh Ogilvie suggested a link between the exclusion of both women and Jews from the “social capital” represented by guilds' networks in Southern Germany, and the subsequent lack of capitalistic development of that region of Europe3. The research about women and guilds in Early Modern European cities often insisted on the exclusion on women from guilds, at least in the early modern period. The problem of the presence, or rather absence, of women from guilds is part of the more general problem of the evolution of women's role in skilled activities, during the early modern times, since the “decline thesis”, developed in 1919 by Alice Clark, and challenged, for the Italian case, by Angela Groppi and Simona Laudani and, for the French case, by Claire Crowston and Daryl Hafter.
More generally, the aim of the conference is to question the narrative of the “great divergence” between the economies of Northern and Southern Europe in relation with the opportunities that different juridical systems gave to women and men to act in the society as economic actors. Were they so different? Were women allowed to play a public role, recognised at an institutional level? Which role did women’s property play in the urban economy? And how did a specific kind of marital economy influence the economic development? Are “industrious” and “industrial” revolutions useful tools to understand the economic development and, if it is the case, are they related to specific juridical systems? References:
  • Ågren Maria, EricksonAmy Louise (eds.), The Marital Economy in Scandinavia and Britain, 1400-1900, Aldershot-Burlington, Ashgate, 2005
  • Beattie, Cordelia and Matthew Frank Stevens (eds.), Married women and the law in premodern Western Europe, Woodbridge-Rochester, Boydell, 2013
  • Bellavitis Anna, Jourdain Virginie, Lemonnier-Lesage Virginie, Zucca Micheletto Beatrice (dir.), « Tout ce qu’elle saura et pourra faire ». Femmes, droits, travail en Normandie du Moyen Âge à la Grande guerre, Mont St. Aignan, PURH, 2015
  • De Moor Tine & van Zanden Jan Luiten, Girl power: The European marriage pattern and labour markets in the North Sea region in the late medieval and early modern period , « The Economic History Review », 1(63), 2010, p. 1–33
  • De Vries Jan, The Industrious Revolution. Consumer Behavior and the Household Economy, 1650 to the Present, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2008
  • Erickson, Amy Louise, Coverture and Capitalism, « History Workshop Journal », No. 59 (Spring, 2005), p. 1-16
  • Groppi Angela (ed.), Storia delle donne in Italia : Il lavoro delle donne , Roma-Bari, Laterza, 1994
  • Howell Martha C., Women, Production and Patriarchy in Late Medieval Cities , Chicago, Chicago University Press, 1986
  • Howell Martha C., Commerce before Capitalism in Europe, 1300-1600, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2010
  • Humphries Jane & Sarasúa Carmen, Off the Record : Reconstructing Women’s Labor Force Participation in the European Past, « Feminist Economics », 18, 4 (2012), p. 39-67
  • Ogilvie Sheilagh, A Bitter Living : Women, Markets, and Social Capital in Early Modern Germany , Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2003
  • Schmidt Ariadne & van Nederveen Meerkerk Elise, Reconsidering The “First Male-Breadwinner Economy”: Women's Labor ForceParticipation in the Netherlands, 1600–1900, « Feminist Economics », 18, 4 (2012), p. 69-96
  • Simonton Deborah & Montenach Anne (eds.), Female Agency in the Urban Economy. Gender in European Towns, 1640-1830, New York-London, Routledge, 2013
  • Sperling Jutta Gisela and Kelly Wray Shona (eds.), Across the Religious Divide. Women, Property, and Law in the Wider Mediteranean (ca. 1300-1800), New York – London, Routledge, 2010
  • Van der Heuvel Danielle, Women and Entrepreneurship. Female traders in the Northern Netherlands, 1580-1815, Amsterdam, Askant, 2007
  • Wiesner Merry, Working Women in Renaissance Germany, New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press 1986
  • Zucca Micheletto Beatrice, Reconsidering Women's Labor Force Participation Rates in Eighteenth-Century Turin, « Feminist Economics », 19, 4 (2013), p. 200-223
  • Zucca Micheletto Beatrice, Travail et propriété des femmes en temps de crise (Turin, XVIII siècle), Mont Saint-Aignan, PURH, 2014
Notes1 Amy Louise Erickson, Coverture and Capitalism, « History Workshop Journal », No. 59 (Spring, 2005), p. 1-162 Tine De Moor & Jan Luiten van Zanden, Girl power: The European marriage pattern and labour markets in the North Sea region in the late medieval and early modern period , « The Economic History Review », 1(63), 2010, p. 1–333 Sheilagh Ogilvie, A Bitter Living : Women, Markets, and Social Capital in Early Modern Germany , Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2003Practical details:
Please, send suggestions for contributions in the form of an abstract in English or in French (3000 characters max)
by July 30th 2016to : anna.bellavitis@univ-rouen.fr and to beatrice.zucca@gmail.com.
The conference will cover the expenses of accommodation and most meals of all speakers. The participants will be asked to make every effort to secure travelling expenses from their own institutions but the organizers are working towards reimbursing the cost of budget travelling for those unable to find other sponsors. Source: Calenda.org



Categories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: The Journal on European History of Law VII(2016), Issue 1 (ISSN 2042-6402)

Mon, 05/30/2016 - 04:52


The Journal on European History of Law published its latest issue.
Table of Contents:
JOURNAL: Journal on European History of Law VII (2016), No. 1
Research articles:• Diemut Majer: Peter Saladin (1935 – 1997)
• Christoph Schmetterer: Der strafrechtliche Schutz von Kaiser und Kaiserhaus in Österreich von 1848 – 1918 (The Criminal Protection of the Emperor and the Imperial Family in Austria 1848 –1918)
• Astrid Lorenz: Parties and Rules. Constitution-making in the East German Länder after 1990
• Andrew Watson: Victorian Jury Court Advocacy and Signs of Fundamental Change
• Patrizia Resta: The Revenge of Soghomon Tehlirian
• Javier Belda Iniesta: The Pleasure of Privacy: Confession and Inquisition as Means to Cause the Correction of Sinful Consciences around the IV Lateran Council
• Rudransh Sharma: History of Legal Profession in India
• János Jusztinger: Dogmatics of Criminal Law and the Roman Jurisprudence
• József Benke: The Remembrance of ‘Praetor Paulus’ in Mid-Tudor England
• Csaba Cservák: Development Span of the Hungarian Governmental Forms (in an International Comparison)
• Katalin Ibolya Koncz: Divorce and Undeserving of Permanent Alimony according to the Practices of the Hungarian Royal Curia
• Iván Halász: The Development of Czechoslovak, Polish and Hungarian Foreign Affairs Administration between the Two World Wars (1918 – 1939)
• Dávid Klemm: An Attempt to Establish the European Army: The Pleven Plan
• Przemysław Dąbrowski: The Structure and Powers of the Councils of State in the Kingdom of Poland between 1815 and 1867
• Maria Lewandowicz: On the Universalist Heritage in the Codification of Private Law in Poland and Switzerland in the 19th and 20th Century
• Lenka Šmídová Malárová: „Causa legittimae absentiae“ in Legal Praxis of the Medieval Town Law in Moravia
• František Emmert: The Expansion of so-called Reich Citizenship in the Czech Territories during the War Years and its Post-war Consequences
• Johan Schweigl: The Fundamental Events within the Development of Central Banking in the Czech Lands
• Miriam Laclavíková, Andrea Olšovská:  Besondere Arbeitsbedingungen von Frauen im Hinblick auf den Schutz vom Wert der Mutterschaft auf dem Gebiet der Slowakei – Vergangenheit vs. Gegenwart (Special Working Conditions of Women with Regard to the Maternity in the Territory of Slovakia - History vs. Present Times)
• József Szalma: Einfluss der deutschen Willens- und Erklärungstheorie auf europäische zivilrechtliche Kodifikationen und Theorie über die Willensgeschäfte - mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des serbischen Privatrechts (The Impact of the Intention Theory and Expression Theory in the German Doctrine of Juridical Acts on the European Civil Law Doctrine and Codifications, with special Consideration of Serbian Law)
• Dunja Pastović: “Defect of Sex”: Exclusion of Women from Jury Service in Istria 1873 – 1918
• Arijana Kolak Bošnjak: The Flip Side of Freedom. The Attitude towards Pro-Hungarians in Banal Croatia in 1848/49
• Engjell Likmeta: Some Reflections on the Delicts of the First Criminal Code of the Republic of Albania
• Marina Baratová: The Evolution of Russian Housing Law during the 20th Century
• Oleksandr Gavrylenko, Oksana Skryl: Legal Regulation of Civil Contracts in Ancient City-States of the Black Sea Northern Coast
Readers React:
• Andreas Raffeiner: Gedanken zum „Recht auf die Heimat“
Book reviews:• Allerlei Rechtsgeschichten - von Hammurabi bis zum Code civil. Ein Blick auf die Schriftenreihe des Rechtshistorischen Museums Karlsruhe
• Das ABGB im Spiegel der rechtshistorischen Literatur
• Guy Burak: The Second Formation of Islamic Law. The Hanafi School in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire
• Wilfried Hartman, Kenneth Pennington: The History of Byzantine and Eastern Canon Law to 1500
• Julian Lubini: Die Verwaltungsgerichtbarkeit in den Ländern der SBZ/DDR 1945 – 1952
• Gerhard Strejcek: Erlerntes Recht. Zur Ausbildung von Juristinnen und Juristen an der Wiener Universität 1365 – 2015
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Der Friedensvertrag Georgs von Podiebrad von 1464 vor dem Hintergrund der spätmittelalterlichen Vertragspraxis" by Magda Schusterová (2016)

Wed, 05/25/2016 - 05:17



Magda Schusterová, Der Friedensvertrag Georgs von Podiebrad von 1464 vor dem Hintergrund der spätmittelalterlichen Vertragspraxis
all information here
start reading a preview of the book here

Der Friedensvertrag des böhmischen Königs Georg von Podiebrad (1458–1471) sucht eine Alternative zur bestehenden mittelalterlichen Ordo (respublica christiana) und bietet damit einen Ausblick auf die kommende weltliche Ordnung Europas. Gleichzeitig deutet der Friedensvertrag die Geburt des Völkerrechts an. Er vereint in sich zwei Aspekte – den eines Bündnisses und den eines Bundes. Grundlage der Podiebradschen Friedensliga und somit der Ausgestaltung der inter-europäischen Beziehungen sollte die Figur einer durch Schwur begründeten Korporation sein. Die Einzigartigkeit des Vertrages liegt aber nicht in der Schaffung von etwas völlig Neuem, sondern in der Zusammenführung vorgefundener Rechtstraditionen und Ideen. Er stellt dabei einen herausragenden Beleg für den Rechtspluralismus des Mittelalters dar.


Categories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: « Frontières », Journées anniversaires de l’EHESS – Droit et sciences sociales (Paris, June 3-4 2016)

Wed, 05/25/2016 - 01:40

WHAT « Frontières », Journées anniversaires de l’EHESS – Droit et sciences sociales
WHEN June 3-4 2016
WHERE EHESS, June 3: 190, Av. de France, salle 15 - June 4: 105, Bd. Raspail, salle 7&8

Quand la demande d’abolition des frontières se fait pressante, qu’elle vienne des pouvoirs économiques ou de la société civile, que de multiples frontières et murs se recréent dans toutes les régions du monde, que des guerres sont à la fois localisées et déterritorialisées, il paraît nécessaire de revenir aux origines, lorsque le concept n’existait pas encore, aux raisons d’être qui ont été avancées pour les constituer, aux fonctions qui leur sont dévolues. Nous le ferons en examinant d’emblée le sens de la revendication contemporaine de leur abolition. Munis de ce bagage, nous cheminerons, depuis la pluralité des concepts utilisés par les historiens grecs jusqu’au sillon de Romulus, fondateur pour la mythologie juridique. Le mot frontière s’imposa lentement pour acquérir son sens actuel, et sa représentation – un trait sur une carte qui crée dans le même temps, des espaces séparés et des zones d’échanges. En droit constitutionnel, ce trait délimite un territoire, où vit un peuple, éventuellement avec des minorités ou/et des peuples autochtones, peuple sur lequel s’exerce, ou cherche à s’exercer, un pouvoir souverain. De l’autre côté du trait s’exerce un autre pouvoir souverain. Il y a donc un rapport spécifique entre le trait abstrait, sa matérialisation par des postes-frontières, check-points, murailles, la surface à l’intérieur du trait et l’institutionnalisation de formes de pouvoir et de gouvernement impliquant une administration, une justice, une fiscalité, un drapeau, une ou des monnaies, etc. Ces traits peuvent être contestés – ce sont les conflits frontaliers, chauds ou froids, qui se règlent par la force ou par le droit –, déplacés – que ce soit par la force ou par accord entre les parties, renforcés par des murs, coordonnés avec d’autres lorsque se forme une entité régionale comme l’Union européenne. Sans ce rapport entre le trait, la surface, le peuple et un pouvoir de jurisdictio, une politique consentie est-elle possible ?
**     *
Vendredi 3 juin EHESS – 190 Av. de France 75013 ParisSalle 15
La question
♦ 9h-10h : Le problème juridique de la revendication d’abolition des frontièresOtto Pfersmann, Directeur d’études à l’EHESS 
Le mot « frontière » est utilisé dans la construction de multiples concepts et en vue de multiples finalités. Le concept juridique de frontière réfère au domaine spatial de validité d’un système de normes présentant des propriétés spécifiques ainsi que, plus étroitement, au domaine spatial de sanction (où la « sanction » réfère à l’obligation d’exercer un acte de contrainte en cas de violation d’une autre obligation). Si la « souveraineté » d’un système juridique n’a jamais existé juridiquement (bien qu’elle ait constitué un puissant mythe politique nationaliste) puisqu’elle implique un pouvoir normatif « absolu », alors qu’il a toujours été soumis à la normativité du système international (ou du droit des gens), la question de savoir s’il pourrait y avoir un partage ou une pluralité du domaine spatial de validité et du domaine spatial de sanction pose en effet un problème intéressant. On tâchera de montrer que si les rapports entre systèmes juridiques peuvent devenir de plus en plus complexes, l’exclusivité du domaine de sanction n’en est pas affectée. 



*Le trait, les mots, les gestes
Video, Francis Alys, The Green Line
♦ 10h-11h : Les frontières : définitions et problèmes chez les historiens Grecs d’Hérodote à Strabon.Suzanne Saïd, Professeur à Columbia 
Il est proposé une étude de la conception de la frontière (limite oros, et l’extrémité eskhatia) entre les peuples et les empires dans l’historiographie grecque.
Pause
* * *
Le sillon de Romulus
♦ 11h 15-12h 15 : Limites de l’imperium et exercice du pouvoir à Rome.Yann Rivière, Directeur d’études à l’EHESS
Rome, on le sait, a été fondée par Romulus à l’issue de l’accomplissement d’un rite : le tracé du pomerium. Selon la tradition, le franchissement de ce sillon sacré par son frère Rémus aurait conduit au meurtre immédiat de ce dernier. Quoi qu’il en soit de la légende, les Romains n’ont jamais dissocié les formes de l’exercice du pouvoir de leur inscription dans l’espace. Dans le domaine du droit criminel notamment la distinction entre l’exercice du commandement à l'intérieur du pomerium – dans l’espace civil désigné par le locatif domi – et à l’extérieur – en territoire militaire, militiae – a joué un rôle essentiel. L’histoire de la procédure capitale et de la limitation de la peine de mort à Rome repose sur cette opposition. Ce tracé est également le critère déterminant pour définir le pouvoir de commandement (imperium) et ses délégations éventuelles. La fin du régime républicain peut être envisagée sous différents angles, bien sûr, mais l’on peut considérer que la fin de la libertas coïncide avec l'extension illimitée de l’imperium du prince, sans aucune entrave territoriale. Le franchissement du Rubicon par César est la préfiguration illicite de la règle instaurée plus tard par Auguste. Sous couvert de restauration de la Res publica, le pouvoir devient « absolu » car il s’affranchit de toute détermination topographique. Comme l’énoncent les juristes « Rome se trouve là où est l'empereur ».
* * *
Déjeuner
* * *

♦ 14h-15h : Faire frontière au Moyen Orient.Mathieu Rey, Maître de conférences au Collège de France 
Alors que la nouvelle organisation de l’État islamique annonce la destruction des frontières, nécessairement coloniales, produites par les célèbres accords Sykes-Picot, ces lieux méritent plus que jamais d'être réinterrogés pour souligner le paradoxe d'une époque: après un long siècle de définition, une certaine territorialisation du politique se formait et commençait à faire sens pour les acteurs. La récente crise syrienne a déclenché de nouvelles dynamiques recomposant la relation des populations aux frontières. La présente communication reviendra successivement sur la formation des frontières syriennes au lendemain de la guerre, puis sur l'intériorisation et l'identification des populations à un territoire – mouvement culminant avec le déclenchement de l'insurrection de 2011 – pour enfin revenir sur les mutations les plus contemporaines autour d'une fragmentation du territoire en réseaux multiples de points de contrôle. 
*
Nature de l’objet de la délimitation
♦ 15h-16h : Modalités et portée juridiques de la détermination des frontières en fonction de la nature des espaces.Jean Combacau, Université Panthéon-Assas, Paris II 
Les exigences propres à la délimitation entre les différentes sortes d'espaces territoriaux selon leur nature matérielle (espaces terrestres, maritimes etc.) et juridique (espaces pleinement territoriaux, espaces hybrides) et selon qu'ils sont considérés en tant qu’« étendues » propres à l'exercice de pouvoirs in personam sur les activités de ceux qui s’y trouvent (le « chez-soi » de l’État territorial) ou en tant que « choses » ouvertes à des pouvoirs in rem commandant la condition du territoire lui-même et des biens qu’il inclut (son « à-soi »).

Pause
* * *
La mer
♦ 16h15-17h30 : La mer, chose commune et espace libre  Elie Jarmache, Chargé de mission au secrétariat général de la mer
La mer, « chose commune », a toujours été un espace d’affrontement entre les logiques d’emprise, privée ou publique, et de liberté, liberté de navigation, de la pêche et du commerce. S’adaptant aux évolutions des techniques, le principe de liberté se décline désormais en liberté de poser des câbles et pipelines ou liberté de la recherche scientifique. Il est difficile de parler de frontières à propos de la mer, le terme de limites pouvant paraître plus exact. Mais les États étendent leurs droits exclusifs, développent les notions d’eaux intérieures et de mer territoriale, consacrent la notion de plateau continental, fut-il fictif, et de zone économique exclusive. L’époque contemporaine est marquée par un triple mouvement. D’un côté, dans un contexte de compétition pour les ressources naturelles, la stratégie d’accaparement entraîne un nombre élevé de demandes d’extension du plateau continental et de différends frontaliers relatifs à la délimitation des espaces maritimes. De l’autre, la Convention de Montego Bay a organisé la communautarisation des ressources minérales des grands fonds marins. Enfin, la perception des enjeux environnementaux s’inscrit dans des obligations de coopération, de gestion durable et de protection de l’environnement marin qui devraient être précisées, dans le futur, par la convention internationale sur les ressources biologiques marines au-delà des frontières nationales en cours de négociation sous les auspices des Nations-Unies.
*
La terre et les peuples
Partager la terre ou séparer les peuples
♦ 17h30-18h30 : Les crimes contre la paix et la sécurité de l’humanité comme « méthode » d’appropriation du territoireMuriel Ubéda-Saillard, Professeur de droit public à l’Université de Lille 2
Souvent considérés au regard des principes de coopération et de répression particuliers qu’ils justifient – notamment l’institution d’une justice pénale internationale, les crimes contre la paix et la sécurité de l’humanité peuvent être analysés au regard des modifications qu’ils engendrent dans la relation triangulaire qui unit un souverain, une population et un territoire.Selon le projet politique global au nom duquel ils sont commis, ces crimes permettront au pouvoir au nom duquel ils sont commis une appropriation du territoire de deux ordres. La guerre d’agression vise ainsi à étendre le lieu d’exercice du pouvoir, en annexant tout ou partie du territoire d’un autre État, parfois au nom d’une doctrine géopolitique formalisée (la théorie allemande de « l’espace vital », par exemple). Certaines pratiques constitutives des crimes contre l’humanité et du génocide (épuration ethnique et transfert forcé de population notamment), dès lors qu’elles visent de manière discriminatoire des groupes nationaux, ethniques ou religieux particuliers, entraîneront la recomposition de la population d’un territoire donné.
* *      *
Samedi 4 juin 2016 EHESS – 105 Bld. Raspail 75006 ParisSalles 7 & 8

L’eau douce
Comment les frontières s’imposent-elles dans la question de l’accès à l’eau et des usages de l’eau
♦ 9h30-10h15 : Frontières, accès à l’eau, usages de l’eauFrédérique Coulée, Professeure de droit public à l’Université d’Evry Val d’Essonne.
De longue date, les cours d’eau ont été utilisés pour délimiter les frontières entre États. Les différentes méthodes retenues (frontière à la rive, thalweg…) garantissent de manière variable l’accès à l’eau des États riverains et de leur population. Les aquifères transfrontières ont en revanche été largement ignorés lors des délimitations territoriales et la réglementation internationale les concernant en est à ses prémices. Aujourd’hui, la multiplication des usages de l’eau (consommations domestique et agricole, activités industrielles, barrages et détournements, …) et la raréfaction de la ressource peuvent générer des conflits qui dépassent la seule approche territoriale.
*
L’espace 
L’espace, chose commune et espace libre structuré en tant que de besoin
(corps célestes, orbite géostationnaire, gestion du spectre hertzien, vaisseaux, expériences à l’intérieur des vaisseaux, etc.)

♦ 10h15-11h30 : L’espace sera ce que nous en feronsJacques Arnould, Expert éthique au Centre national d’études spatiales
L’espace commence au-delà de notre atmosphère terrestre, à quelque cent kilomètres d’altitude ; mais où s’achève-t-il ? Ceux qui ont proposé de le déclarer bien ou patrimoine commun avaient probablement une telle conscience de cette singularité qu’ils ont voulu mettre ce domaine sous la responsabilité de l’humanité entière. Mais que deviennent ces frontières, techniques, juridiques et éthiques, lorsque l’exploitation de l’espace devient une revendication d’entrepreneurs privés ? L’espace d’hier s’arrêtera-t-il à la barrière de revendications pour demain ?

Categories: Comparative Law News

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