Comparative Law News

BOOK : Marc-Olivier BARUCH (dir), Vichy et les préfets (La Documentation française, 2021), ISBN : 978-2-1114-5673-0, pp.327, 19€

(Source : La Documentation française)


A propos de l'ouvrage : 


Résumé de l'éditeur : Les rencontres organisées en 2016 sur le thème " Préfets et préfectures pendant le Seconde Guerre mondiale" étaient destinées à éclairer la compréhension des contraintes, des choix et des motivations des personnels préfectoraux qui eurent à conduire l’administration territoriale française entre 1939 et 1945. Les auteurs questionnent ainsi de façon stimulante sur les outils de la répression et de l’exclusion, le métier et la carrière préfectorale sous Vichy, les relations des préfets avec leurs ministres, leurs destins à la suite de la réinstallation des institutions républicaines et la mémoire du corps sur Vichy.


A propos du directeur de l'ouvrage : 


Marc-Olivier BARUCH a soutenu sa thèse en histoire en 1996, qui a été publié par la suite avec l'ouvrage Servir l’État français. L’administration en France de 1940 à 1944. Il est président depuis 2018 du Comité pour l'histoire préfectorale.


Sommaire : 

Préface de Jean-Benoît Albertini, Secrétaire général du ministère de l’Intérieur

Introduction de Marc Olivier Baruch : Qui sont les préfets de Vichy ?

Partie 1 : Sources- Les sources pour l’histoire des préfets de Vichy en services d’archives : producteurs et typologie- Figures de préfets de Normandie à l’aune de leurs archives. Aperçus du corps préfectoral normand durant la période de la guerre
Partie 2 : Les préfets dans l’Etat français- Les préfets et l’exercice du pouvoir dans la France de Vichy- La journée du serment (Vichy, 19 février 1942) : un « pousse-au-jouir » du maréchal Pétain- Reconstruire la France, reconstruire l’État : Jacques Morane à Orléans, préfet bâtisseur ou préfet politique ?- Les rapports d’information des préfets à Vichy- Les préfets dans le dispositif répressif allemand, 1940-1942. Surveillance, contrôle et mise au pas- Préfets et préfectures face à la persécution des juifs, 1940-1944. Aperçu général suivi d’une focale sur le cas parisien- Aménagement urbain et politiques antisémites : les opportunités saisies par la préfecture de la Seine entre aménagement urbain et politiques antisémite
Partie 3 : Figures de l’ambivalence, figures de la résistance- Préfets du Var et de Provence, convictions, double jeu et agir double- Fernand Carles (1886-1945), préfet en « zone rattachée » (Nord-Pas-de-Calais)- Deux déportations, deux assassinats : Henri Dadoune et Alfred Golliard- Edouard Bonnefoy. Préfet et Résistant, de Paris à Neuengamme- Jean Moulin, préfet résistant ou préfet de la Résistance ?
Partie 4 : Devenir et souvenir- Hommage à Adrien Tixier- Préfets déportés, préfets résistants ? La reconnaissance et les formes de la résistance des préfets- Des préfets de Vichy aux préfets de la Libération : le modèle proconsulaire en action- Que deviennent les préfets de Vichy après 1945 ?- Mémoires et fictions des préfets de Vichy

Categories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Revista Brasileira de Direito Processual Penal (Vol. 7, Issue 2)

 

(Source: Ibraspp.com)



The Brazilian journal for criminal procedural law’s (Revista Brasileira de Direito Processual Penal) most recent issue holds a “dossiê” of 13 articles (written in English, French, Italian or Portuguese) on “History of Criminal Procedure in Modernity”.

Link: http://www.ibraspp.com.br/revista/index.php/RBDPP/issue/view/16; DOI: https://doi.org/10.22197/rbdpp.v7i2.

Content:

·        Can Criminal Procedure Ever Be “Modern”? A Historical Comparative Perspective (Georges Martyn, Ricardo Sontag)

·        Criminal Claims in Civil Suits over Insults in the Dutch Republic (17th and 18th Centuries) (Erik Jan Broers)

·        Le jury criminel en procès. Les opinions doctrinales des auteurs français (1750-1830) (Sylvain Soleil)

·        Justiça criminal e opinião pública na Itália entre os séculos XIX e XX (Luigi Lacchè)

·        Le facce d’un diamante. Appunti per una storia dell’immediatezza nella procedura penale italiana (Marco Nicola Miletti)

·        Alle origini della prova scientifica: la scuola di polizia di Salvatore Ottolenghi (Loredana Garlati)

·        Investigative Judges as a Legal Transplant: Finnish Nineteenth-Century Criminal Procedure in Comparative Perspective (Heikki Pihlajamäki)

·        The French Heritage Put to the Test of Time: History of Criminal Procedure in Belgium (1814-2020) (Edouard Delrée)

·        Considerações sobre as Inquirições Devassas no Brasil: os casos do Recôncavo Baiano – Séculos XVIII e XIX (Ana Lúcia Sabadell, Júlio Cesar Costa Manoel)

·        O tempo e suas tormentas: recurso de graça no direito penal militar brasileiro entre regras de Antigo Regime e justiça liberal (Conselho de Estado, 1842-1889) (Arthur Barrêtto de Almeida Costa)

·        Processo Penal no estado de Santa Catarina entre Primeira República e Era Vargas (Diego Nunes, Bárbara Madruga da Cunha, Mayessa Costa)

·        Ordem, liberdades e estadualização do processo penal na Primeira República (1889-1930): João Mendes de Almeida Júnior processualista (Régis João Nodari)

·        O fio de Ariadne: um mapa metodológico para a pesquisa de processos criminais como fonte histórica (Danielle Regina Wobeto de Araújo, Gabrielle Stricker do Valle)

 

The issue can be found here

Categories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Fundamental rights. Rivista di studi giuridici, storici e antropologici (I, 2021/2). OPEN ACCESS


(Source: https://fundamentalrights.it

INDEX OF THE SECOND ISSUE
1. Francesco MASTROBERTI, La contrastata storia delle Dichiarazioni dei diritti: superamento o lotta per l’affermazione?
The Declarations of Rights, approved by revolutionary assembly between XVII and XVIII Centuries, represented a turning point for the western world that, about inalienable rights that had to be identified, had built the bases of its cultural identity. Their history after the end of the revolutionary period, as demonstrated by the essay, was very contrasted especially for political reasons: only after the end of the Second World War there was a reevaluation of them, inaugurated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. However, the new sceneries that have been spread after the fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of the "Cold War", with the problems connected to the relationships between West and East and, since the new millennium, with the management of terroristic and epidemic emergencies, have opened an intense debate, the results of which seems to be crucial for the future of the humanity
2. Carlo Alberto ROMANO – Luisa RAVAGNANI, Pandemia e trasferimenti dei detenuti
The coronavirus emergency led to a particularly serious situation; the responses of the prison system have produced heterogeneous consequences, in some cases resulting in violent acts, re-writing the internal rules previously applied. Among the mentioned changes, it worth to consider the limitations to the right to be transferred from one facility to another, that in normal condition represent one of the basis for the social reintegration whose impact, in case of the Covid Pandemic, has been understudied
3. Lorenzo SCILLITANI, La figura di Romolo: tra filosofia della mitologia e antropologia giuridica
In Schelling's vision, mythology, as the product of a necessary process of consciousness, parallel to that which concerns the history of nature, finds its specific space, which cannot be exhausted in a subordinate of history. By coming into contact with powers that myth figuratively dramatizes in supra-human beings, the human spirit expresses an imaginative force of elements of objective reality that cannot be reduced to the categories of rational thought. Inextricably linked to the era of the founding of Rome, the Romulean saga records the thickening of the fundamental aspects that characterize the dawn of the singular civil identity off the Roman people, already open to the supra-political dimension of the ius
4. Aldo Andrea CASSI, Mitopoiesi dei “diritti umani” in Francisco de Vitoria (ovvero ricordando che Eumenidi nascono da Erinni)
The paper intends to propose a critical analysis, on a textual basis, of the actual contribution of Francisco de Vitoria, founder of the "School of Salamanca" to the "theory of human rights". First of all, the historiographical category of "Escuela de Salamanca" is problematized; the argumenta iuris formulated by Vitoria are then addressed, noting that the affirmation of certain fundamental principles (first of all the appetitus societatis) involves the recognition of "natural rights" (first of all the ius transiti and the ius commercii), which are configured in relation to their qualification as legitimate rights to call a bellum iustum. Finally, it is pointed out that Vitoria himself affirms that he did not want to formulate a definitive doctrine on issues that required further reflection; a warning that is rarely followed by today's readers of this complex figure of "theologian-jurist" protagonist of the cultural debate of the Siglo de Oro
5. Amalia Maria Sofia SALVESTRINI, A proposito di constitutio e apparentia. Diritti umani e forme europee di ragione critica in Cicerone, Nicola di Autrecourt e Husserl
The aim of the article is to propose a possible path in the history of European thought in order to explore the question concerning the gnoseological foundation of the sharing of human rights, given the pluralist context of our contemporary world. Starting from two concepts that have a rhetorical and juridical origin, namely constitutio and apparentia in philosophers as distant in time as Cicero, Nicholas of Autrecourt and Edmund Husserl, we can trace the traits of three figures of critical reason as a possible condition of a dialogical perspective for the gnoseological foundation of the sharing of human rights
6. Michele ROSBOCH, Le prerogative della persona all’interno delle comunità intermedie: alcuni spunti
The paper examines some events of the protection of individuals within organized communities in the historical perspective. The community phenomenon is an essential element of the social organization and the legal system. Today, the guarantee of individual rights within social formations takes on particular importance in order to avoid homologation phenomena of limitation of freedom of conscience
7.  Stefano VINCI, La riflessione sui “diritti di libertà” tra Ruffini a Calamandrei
Through the writings of Francesco Ruffini and Piero Calamandrei, the essay examines the evolution of the rights of liberty in the constitutional process of the Twentieth century, which saw the traditional political freedoms consecrated in the French declaration of 1789 being flanked by a new category of citizens- rights, called “social rights”, aimed at guaranteeing everyone a minimum of economic well/being, indispensable for freeing the poor from the slavery of need and putting them in a position to make use of those political freedoms that are proclaimed in law as equal for all

Readings
8. Aldo Andrea CASSI, S. Simonetta, Il pensiero di John Fortescue. Costituzione, legge e teoria della proprietà nell’Inghilterra del Quattrocento, Roma, Carocci, 2021
9. Federica PALETTI, Annamaria Loche, La liberté ou la mort. Il progetto politico e giuridico di Olympe de Gouges. Postfazione di Thomas Casadei, Mucchi Editore, Modena, 2021
10. Giovanna DI BENEDETTO, S. Stefanelli, Procreazione medicalmente assistita e maternità surrogata. Limiti nazionali e diritti fondamentali, Giuffrè Francis Lefebvre, Milano, 2021


Detailed information can be found at the following page: https://fundamentalrights.it

Categories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL. Revista do Instituto Histórico e Geographico Brazileiro, nº 486. OPEN ACCESS.

 

(Source: https://www.ihgb.org.br/publicacoes/revista-ihgb/item/108747-volume-486.html)

Distrito diamantino: legislação e experiências desenvolvidas na mineração, 1734-1739 - Joelmir Cabral Moreira

The paper aims to discuss the scenario of diamond exploitation and the administrative order issued to the territory of Serro Frio district in the captaincy of Minas Gerais between 1734 and 1739. In short, the protection and special defense of the district were gradually established after diamonds had been found at the headwaters of the Jequitinhonha River. Territorial expansion and economic demands led to processes of space changes and, and as a result of such changes, political and administrative measures were implemented for the exploitation of diamonds, with the aim of getting closer to the particularities of this mining area. We aim to show how the territory was redefined and how its importance evolved in the period, pointing out the developments that brought about a new scenario, as mining became a consolidated activity in the region.
Reformas e iluminismo no mundo atlântico: o caso português - José Damião RodriguesOne of the issues that has received increasingly more attention from different historiographies
has a long eighteenth century as its chronological frame, and, more specifically, the period from the mid to the end of the 18th century. It refers to the possible relationship between projects and reformist practices, on the one hand, and the set of ideas under the label of Enlightenment, on the other. In the Portuguese case, the reign of D. José I is generally presented as a decisive stage of the enlightened reforms. The period is viewed more in terms of rupture than of continuity, theformer bringing with it signs of “modernity” of the Enlightenment. From the perspective of the Atlantic world and, in particular, of the Portuguese Atlantic world, we discuss in the paper the relationship that is sometimes hastily made between eighteenth-century reforms andthe Enlightenment, especially those attributed to the Secretary of State Sebastião José de Carvalho and Melo, and the limits of the reforms.
Análise crítica da bibliografia memorialística sobre o ensino jurídico no período imperial (1827-1889): as "tradições e reminiscências" de Almeida Nogueira - Ariel Engel PessoThe article provides a critical analysis of José Luís Almeida Nogueira’s work entitled A Academia de São Paulo: tradições e reminiscências, estudantes, estudantões, estudantadas, whose first edition was published in 9 volumes between 1907-12. The analysis traces back how the book was produced, the motivations of the author for writing it, examines its structure and raises further relevant questions. Our aim is to scrutinize if the book is a safe historical source for researchers on legal education in imperial Brazil, since it is commonly used in studies in the History of Law. We conclude that it is an important book for the history of the city of São Paulo and the São Paulo Law School as well as for the history of Brazilian politics and law. Bu it should be used with caution, as it presents the following problems: its sources and methodology are not always clear; it is difficult to check the veracity of facts; it focus only on figures close to the author and on “great names” of the Brazilian law; it lacks systematization; and, since it is an unfinished book, it presents gaps to be filled.
De CNT a TST: o processo institucional e normativo de criação da Justiça do Trabalho (1923-1945) - Maria Pia Guerra - Rafael Lamera Giesta CabralIn addition to widely known factors, the creation of Labor Justice Courts in the Vargas regime resulted from negotiations between bureaucrats from the National Labor Council (CNT) and legal experts who guarded the boundaries of the judiciary. The article draws on documentatio from the CNT and the Supreme Court to identify three phases of conversion of the administrative body into a judicial one. We conclude that, in the process of institutional adjustment, political survival strategies were associated with normative parameters of justice stemming from a common legal culture. The socialization of law led to an expansion of the power of interpretation of the judiciary. In the world of law and judiciary, corporatism received contours linked less to class representation and more to access to justice and state control of the workers’ demands.
More information: https://www.ihgb.org.br/revista-eletronica/artigos-do-rihgb-486
Categories: Comparative Law News

WEBINAR: The rule of law nell’esperienza anglo-britannica. Un paradigma in crisi? (University of Bologna, 15 september 2021)

 

(Source: Storia del diritto medievale e moderno)

We learned of an online conference about the evolution of the concept of "rule of law" in the British experience.

More information and the link to the virtual room can be found at the following page: https://dsg.unibo.it/it/eventi/webinar-the-rule-of-law-nell-esperienza-anglo-britannica-un-paradigma-in-crisi

Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Gustavo César Machado CABRAL; Delmiro Ximenes de FARIAS; Sarah Kelly Limão PAPA (Orgs.). Fontes do direito na América Portuguesa: estudos sobre o fenômeno jurídico no Período Colonial (Séculos XVI-XVIII). (Editora Fi: 2021). ISBN: 978-65-5917-176...

 



(Source: https://www.editorafi.com/176america?fbclid=IwAR2luZHA23Ix-3oR8knVTtGbRyjCva0FtQwyOUNdImzQjHN8YY34e9IEYKY)

O livro é composto de diversos capítulos escritos pelos membros do NEDAP. Resultado de diferentes níveis de formação educacional, os artigos variam também no grau de profundidade, entretanto, sem comprometer a qualidade da obra. Percebe-se, no livro, um amadurecimento no trato com as fontes históricas, tão caras aos historiadores de formação, assim como também do uso de uma bibliografia recente do Brasil colonial. As filiações historiográficas e a corrente teórica utilizada pelo conjunto dos autores, tanto no processo de pesquisas, como na escrita dos capítulos, fica demonstrado e fundamentado. As escolhas do grupo confirmam o uso corrente de uma dada historiografia que muito tem influenciado a produção historiográfica colonial do Brasil nos últimos anos. Com esta obra, é possível perceber a complexidade do direito no período colonial, uma vez que existia uma pluralidade jurídica que englobava desde o direito do reino (ius patrium), o direito canônico, o direito local, entre outros até o direito comum europeu (ius commune). São abordados casos de jurisdição, envolvendo diversas autoridades coloniais, aplicação da justiça, eleições municipais, planejamento urbano, controle sobre a produção de aguardente, natureza jurídica dos ofícios, direito das viúvas, mas também análises sobre uma teoria do direito colonial brasileiro. Percebe-se uma variedade na inclusão de agentes distintos, embora indígenas e negros não tenham sido contemplados neste conjunto de trabalhos. Mas certamente é um excelente exercício de diálogo entre o Direito e a História, do qual profissionais de ambas as áreas se beneficiarão, mas principalmente os historiadores do direito, que se tem expandido na última década, resultado do maior diálogo entre estes profissionais. O campo científico da História do Direito ganha muito com essa obra que se tornará referência obrigatória para os estudiosos da história do Brasil no período colonial.


Índice


Apresentação  - Gustavo César Machado Cabral

Prefácio - Carmen Alveal


Parte 1 - Perspectivas conceituais

Uma teoria do direito para a América Portuguesa (Séculos XVI-XVIII) - Gustavo César Machado Cabral

Ordens normativas e América Portuguesa: o caso do direito colonial brasileiro (Séculos XVI a XVIII) - Victor Hugo Siqueira de Assis - Kauan Duarte Gondim dos Santos


Parte 2 Jurisdição, competência e conflitos

A atuação do Governador-Geral na Capitania do Rio de Janeiro entre 1650 e 1656: uma análise de casos com base nos conceitos de pluralismo jurídico e monarquia pluricontinental - João Victor Oliveira Freire

A iniciativa processual penal dos governadores-gerais do Brasil: As cartas do Conde de Castelo Melhor e do Conde de Atouguia e determinações de instauração de devassas (1650-1657) - Delmiro Ximenes de Farias

A administração colonial na América Portuguesa: Conflitos de jurisdição entre o Governo-Geral do Brasil, o Governo de Pernambuco e a Câmara de Olinda (1663 - 1668) - Sarah Kelly Limão Papa


Parte 3 - Experiências locais

Eleições no Brasil colonial: entre a imposição da norma régia e a manifestação do direito local - Lucas Igor Cavalcante Rodrigues

Fontes do direito e planejamento urbano na capitania do Ceará: os casos das vilas de Icó e Aracati - Gustavo César Machado Cabral - Ana Carolina Farias Almeida da Costa - Matheus Silva de Sá


Parte 4 - Administração e direitos em disputa

As reiteradas provisões para “não se fazer aguardente” e o uso de ordens e portarias como meio de efetivação de normas (1636 - 1664) - Joana Aymée Nogueira de Freitas - João Victor Diniz Ribeiro - Stéfano Gonçalves Lima

Legitimidade para pedir das viúvas no Século XVIII: a autonomia das mulheres na -América Portuguesa -Ana Luiza Barroso Caracas de Castro

A dupla natureza dos ofícios públicos intermédios na América Portuguesa da primeira metade do Século XVIII: entre a honra e o bem patrimonial -Wirdley Bernardino Pinheiro - Victor Alves Magalhães


Free E-book: https://drive.google.com/file/d/158hp73oYSAKddmrn8kL_sjV1ICLfUt7E/view 

Categories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE PROGRAM: Avant l'État. Droit international et pluralisme politico-juridique en Europe, XIIe-XVIIe siècle (Rome, Ecole Française de Rome, 20 SEP 2021 - HYBRID)


  

(image source: univ-droit)

Conference presentation

Alors que l’État national souverain a longtemps été considéré comme l’acteur exclusif des relations internationales, ce projet a l’ambition de nouer un dialogue entre historiens et historiens du droit pour s’interroger sur le droit international conçu comme le cadre multi-normatif qui régit les relations entre une grande variété d’acteurs. Cette notion nous paraît mieux s’adapter aux traits spécifiques de la constellation politique médiévale et pré-moderne, qui était caractérisée par l’entrelacement de différentes juridictions, fondées sur des liens de dépendance personnelle et sur des relations de sujétion territoriale, par la coexistence d’une pluralité de centres de pouvoir au statut variable et par la répartition de l’autorité politique à différents niveaux.

Les thèmes abordés dans les deux rencontres (la première à Rome le 20 septembre 2021 et la deuxième à Lille et Courtrai les 18-19 mai 2022) incluent la guerre, les représailles, la diplomatie, les relations féodales, le droit de la mer, le commerce ou encore les relations avec les juifs et les « infidèles », notre ambition générale étant de faire porter la réflexion sur trois questions transversales : celle des acteurs du droit international ; celle des sources du droit international, qui ne constituait pas à l’époque prémoderne une branche autonome de la science juridique ; celle enfin de la résolution des conflits, en particulier à travers la médiation et l’arbitrage.

Programme:

9h30 : Accueil des participants
Brigitte Marin - Directrice de l’EFR

9h50 : Introduction
Dante Fedele - CNRS Lille
Randall Lesaffer - KU Leuven
Pierre Savy - EFR

 

Droit, politique et diplomatie

Présidence : Luca Loschiavo - Università degli Studi di Teramo

10h10 : Tra attività pubblica e privata : il ruolo diplomatico dei banchieri della Corona d’Aragona nella Curia durante il tardo Medioevo
Esther Tello Hernández - Universitat de València

10h30 : Videtur maxima inequalitas. Le aderenze nella diplomazia dei Gonzaga (XIV-XV secolo)
Francesco Bozzi - Università degli Studi di Milano Statale

10h50 : Uno stato pluricittadino : analisi del cosiddetto “bilancio” delle entrate e spese del ducato di Milano, 1463
Nadia Covini - Università degli Studi di Milano Statale

11h10 : Serenissimus Rex Romanorum et Rex Francorum, uter alterum praecedat : una rilettura dei rapporti tra impero e regno di Francia in un consilium (1545) di Antonio Quetta
Giovanni Rossi - Università di Verona

11h30 : Il jus gentium e il diritto di legazione nella prima età Moderna : gli Stati terzi e il riconoscimento delle prerogative diplomatiche
Giuseppina De Giudici - Università degli Studi di Cagliari

 

Après-midi

 

Frontières et conflits

Présidence : Sara Menzinger - Università degli Studi Roma Tre

14h30 : Aquinas on infidel dominium
Bart Wauters - IE University

14h50 : Allying with Infidels : Hugo Grotius’s Letters to East-Indian Rulers
Marc de Wilde - University of Amsterdam

15h10 : Reprisal in theory and practice : the 17th century case of Robert Powlett
Philippine Van den Brande - KU Leuven

15h30 : Justice at the Borders and International Law : Extradition Agreements in Renaissance Italy
Andrew Vidali - Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia

15h50 : Conclusions
Alain Wijffels - CNRS Lille, KU Leuven

(source: univ-droit)

(source: ESILHIL Blog)

Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS. Administory Journal for the History of Public Administration / Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsgeschichte, Volume 7. Administrative Culture(s) of International Organizations

 


(Source: https://sciendo.com/journal/ADHI)

Administrative Culture(s) of International Organizations

AUGUST 17, 2021

ADMINISTORY is an Open Access online journal on the history of state and administration. Volume 7 is dedicated to the topic “Administrative Culture(s) of International Organizations”. International Organizations (IOs) have proliferated in the 19th and 20th centuries and spread across the globe in their various forms from intergovernmental, financial to non‑governmental organizations. They have received considerable attention in recent years as conveyors of internationalism, as a specific model of multilateral conflict resolution, as sites of diplomatic, economic, and military cooperation and contestation and as platforms for the circulation of knowledge, models and practices of governance between nation states.

However, this has overshadowed that IOs themselves constituted the object and product of knowledge transfers and cooperation (as well as conflict) as organizations staffed by actors trained and experienced in different legal systems, administrative decision-making processes, writing and filing routines, and hierarchical structures. IOs, therefore, faced the challenge to establish an administrative apparatus that could integrate or supersede different administrative practices.

IOs can, however, not be understood as composites of national administrative cultures resulting from a unidirectional knowledge transfer from national to international administration. Instead, the administrative internationalisms of IOs provide the opportunity to go beyond such methodological nationalism and investigate the role of subnational administrative bodies, specific branches as well as individual actors. Taking IOs’ role in the circulation of knowledge seriously also means to ask not only how IOs contributed to the dissemination of new administrative models and practices but also whether and when they adopted them for their own administrative bodies.

We invite contributions on

  • intergovernmental (e.g. League of Nations, United Nations, Organization of African Unity/African Union), supranational (e.g. the EU and its predecessors), economic or financial (e.g. the COMECON, the IMF, World Bank) and internationally operating non‑governmental organizations (e.g. Amnesty International, Greenpeace);
  • processes of change, continuities and ruptures in organizational culture during the 19th and 20th centuries, which were closely related to changes in the organizations’ political, social, and cultural environment.

 We particularly invite contributions that go beyond the ‘Global North’ and examine the role of actors from or IOs established in the ‘Global South’.

 ADMINISTORY sees itself as a platform to publish and discuss cutting-edge research on the history of administration. The journal, which appears once a year with double blind peer-review procedures, is interdisciplinary, transepochal and transnational as well as methodologically open. ADMINISTORY thus establishes itself as an interface between historical-cultural research and the debates on state and administration in the social sciences, law and political sciences. Contributions are published in German or English.

The issue will be edited in collaboration with Madeleine Herren-Oesch. If you would like to propose an article for this volume, please submit an abstract (max. 2,500 characters) including a title and a short CV by 30 September 2021 to thomas.rohringer@lmu.de. The selected authors will be notified in October; the deadline for submission of articles (max. 10,000 words, including footnotes) is 31 January 2022, an online authors’ workshop is planned at the end of February/beginning of March 2022.

Subsequently, the contributions will be reviewed in a double-blind peer-review process which will decide whether the texts are accepted for publication. Publication date for accepted texts is end of 2022.


More information: https://www.lhlt.mpg.de/notice/cfaadministory


Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: Diversity, dilemmas and discoveries: Histories of legal education (Open University Law School - Legal History Research Center, 15 OCT 2021); DEADLINE 8 OCT 2021

(image: the Royal Charter for the Open University; source: Wikimedia Commons)

Legal education is facing significant changes and challenges, from the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic to reviews and reforms of professional legal training and debates around the future of the legal professions. The core content and assumptions underpinning law degrees are being challenged by movements to decolonise and liberate our curricula. New technologies and changes to the professions mean that our students require different skills, while the growing proportion of law students who will never practise as lawyers pose fresh challenges and possibilities. This is therefore an opportune moment to consider how legal education has developed, and why.

This one-day online conference will explore histories of legal education in the common law world, as well as methodologies and approaches to researching them. We invite proposals for 15-minute papers on any aspect, and particularly welcome those which address the central theme of diversity, dilemmas and discoveries. Potential themes may include:

  • Legal education and the British empire 
  • The legal education of women, working class, and ethnic minority students 
  • Legal education beyond the law school 
  • Legal education within the law school 
  • Methodologies of legal education history.
Abstracts (not exceeding 300 words) should be submitted by email to OULS-legalhistory@open.ac.uk by Friday 8 October.
(source: OpenUniversity)

 

Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Mariana Armond Dias PAES. Esclavos y tierras entre posesión y títulos La construcción social del derecho de propiedad en Brasil (siglo XIX). Global Perspectives on Legal History 17. (Frankfurt am Main: Max Planck Institute for Legal History and...

 

(Source: https://www.lhlt.mpg.de/publications/gplh-17?c=1935773)

The book examines the social construction of legal relations between people and things in Brazil between the 1830s and 1890s. To this end, the research focuses on 74 legal proceedings of the Court of Appeals of Rio de Janeiro discussing dominion and possession over slaves and land. The first chapter assesses the contours that the legal category of possession acquired in 19th-century Brazil. It analyzes the role of social recognition in the configuration of situations of possession. This chapter also describes how interpretations of theories of possession delegitimized acts of land usage employed by certain groups – namely: indigenous and agregados – as possessory acts. The second chapter analyzes the debates over domain titles and the process of document production undertaken by parties in legal proceedings. It also highlights the role of judicial demarcations in this process of production and shows how courts often disregarded titles issued by married women. The chapter closes with a discussion of the new configurations that debates over titles acquired in the last decades of the century. The third chapter focuses on cases of illegal and irregular acquisitions of slaves and land. The detailed analyses of the court cases presented in the book show that during the 19th century the construction of property rights in Brazil built upon the pre-existing structures of ius commune, whose categories were re-signified.

Índice

1

Introducción: sobre océanos y cocinas

Capítulo I19

Plantar mangos y matar indios: la cotidianeidad de la posesión

Capítulo II73

Océano de papeles: producir títulos, crear derechos

Capítulo III119

Legalidad en construcción: adquisiciones irregulares, títulos y posesión

67Conclusión171Fuentes y bibliografía195About the Author


Mariana Dias Paes is Research Group Leader at the Max Planck Institute for Legal History and Legal Theory (Frankfurt am Main) as well as at the «Beyond Slavery and Freedom» Cluster of Excellence (Bonn). She holds a master’s degree and a PhD from the University of São Paulo. In recent years her research has focused on law, slavery, dependency relations and ownership in Brazil and Angola during the nineteenth century. She is working on a book project on dependency relations in the South Atlantic between the 1780s and 1910s. She also coordinates the «Global Legal History on the Ground» project, which focuses on the in-depth analyses of court cases processed in African jurisdictions

Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Sandra SCHNÄDELBACH. Entscheidende Gefühle. Rechtsgefühl und juristische Emotionalität vom Kaiserreich bis in die Weimarer Republik. (Wallstein Verlag: 2021). ISBN 978-3-8353-3568-4. € 34,00

 

(Source: https://www.wallstein-verlag.de/9783835335684-entscheidende-gefuehle.html)
Darf ein Richter beim Urteilen sein Gefühl zurate ziehen? Soll er es gar? Wäre ein rein logisches Urteilen ohne emotionale Anteile überhaupt möglich? Diese Fragen wurden um 1900 kontrovers diskutiert, wobei ein Begriff stets im Zentrum stand: das Rechtsgefühl.Sandra Schnädelbach zeigt, dass dem Narrativ von der juristischen Rationalität ein ebenso verbreitetes Narrativ juristischer Emotionalität zur Seite stand. Insbesondere am Rechtsgefühl entzündeten sich hitzige Debatten: Erkenntnisse aus neuen Leitwissenschaften wie der experimentellen Psychologie, mediale Entwicklungen, neue Geschlechterbilder sowie eine gesellschaftliche Polarisierung waren Faktoren, die das Reden über juristisches Fühlen prägten und so auch auf die juristische Praxis Einfluss nahmen. In einer Zeit, in der die bürgerliche Elite wie auch Recht und Justiz in eine Legitimationskrise gerieten, erwies sich das Rechtsgefühl als wirkungsvolle Begründung für Ansprüche unterschiedlichster politischer Stoßrichtungen.Schnädelbach untersucht, welches Wissen über Gefühle, welche Regeln und Praktiken den Umgang mit Emotionen in der Justiz von Kaiserreich und Weimarer Republik formten und wie diese sich an der Schwelle zum 20. Jahrhundert veränderten.
Sandra Schnädelbach, geb. 1984, ist Historikerin, Germanistin und Medienwissenschaftlerin. Sie ist wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Institut für die Geschichte der Gefühle am Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung Berlin sowie Mitarbeiterin in dem ERC-Projekt »BodyCapital« an der Université de Strasbourg.
More information at: https://www.wallstein-verlag.de/9783835335684-entscheidende-gefuehle.html

Categories: Comparative Law News

VACANCY: Professorship in Legal History (Tilburg: Tilburg University, DEADLINE 24 SEP 2021)


(image: "Hoofdwacht te Tilburg" (1830); source: Europeana/Rijksmuseum)

Tilburg University advertises a vacancy for a professorship in legal history (80%).

More information can be found here.

(source: ESILHIL Blog)

Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Sarah McKIBBIN, Libby CONNORS & Marcus HARMES, A Legal History for Australia (London: Bloomsbury/Hart, 2021), 392 p. ISBN 9781509939572, 29,69 GBP

 

(image source: Hart)

Book presentation:

This is a contemporary legal history book for Australian law students, written in an engaging style and rich with learning features and illustrations. The writers are a unique combination of talents, bringing together their fields of research and teaching in Australian history, British constitutional history and modern Australian law.

The first part provides the social and political contexts for legal history in medieval and early modern England and America, explaining the English law which came to Australia in 1788. This includes:
The origins of the common law
The growth of the legal profession
The making of the Magna Carta
The English Civil Wars
The Bill of Rights
The American War of Independence.

The second part examines the development of the law in Australia to the present day, including:
The English criminal justice system and convict transportation
The role of the Privy Council in 19th century
Indigenous Australia in the colonial period
The federation movement
Constitutional Independence
The 1967 Australian referendum and the land rights movement.

The comprehensive coverage of several centuries is balanced by a dynamic writing style and tools to guide the student through each chapter including learning outcomes, chapter outlines and discussion points.

The historical analysis is brought to life by the use of primary documentary evidence such as charters, statutes, medieval source books and Coke's reports, and a series of historical cameos - focused studies of notable people and issues from King Edward I and Edward Coke to Henry Parkes and Eddie Mabo - and constitutional detours addressing topics such as the separation of powers, judicial review and federalism.

A Legal History for Australia is an engaging textbook, cogently written and imaginatively resourced.

Table of contents:

Table of Contents
1. The Origins of the Common Law
Introduction
The Sources for Medieval Legal History
Documentary Evidence
Treatises
Educational
Law and Governance in Pre-Conquest England
Impact of the Norman Conquest
Feudalism
Centralisation of Royal Justice
Juries
Instruments of Justice
Experiences of Justice
In the Wake of Magna Carta
Thirteenth Century Law
From the Middle Ages to Mabo
Conclusion
2. The Intellectual Life of the Law and Lawyers from the Middle Ages to Edward Coke
Introduction
The Crown and the Courts
The King's Judges
Forms of Action and Types of Court
Jurisdiction of the Royal Courts
Being in a Medieval Court
Trespass: The Versatile Action
The Humber Ferry Case
The Legal Profession and its Education
Law Reporting
The Year Books
Nominate Reports
Official Reports
Assumpsit Again: Slade's Case and the Law in Tudor England
Slade's Case, 1597–1602
Conclusion
3. The English Revolutions: Parliament, the King and the Law Courts
Introduction
Law and Religion: Sixteenth to Seventeenth Centuries
The Ecclesiastical High Commission
The Crown and Common Law
Equity and the Common Law
Chancery
Star Chamber and Court of Requests
The Common Law and Parliament
The King and Parliament
Parliament and the Common Law
Law and the English Civil Wars
The Interregnum, 1649–60
The Restoration (1660)
The Glorious Revolution
Before the Revolution
Aft er the Revolution
Conclusion
4. Responsible Government, Law and Justice in Eighteenth-Century England
Introduction
The Act of Settlement 1701
The Protestant Succession
The Acts of Union 1707
Emergence of Responsible Government
The Office of Prime Minister
Cabinet Government
Criminal Law and Criminal Trials in the Eighteenth Century
Developments in Criminal Law
Public Execution and Justice
The Reception of English Law Abroad
Abolition of the Slave Trade
Conclusion
5. The American Constitutional Settlement
Introduction
The Stamp Act Furore
The Boston Tea Party and the Intolerable Acts
The First Continental Congress
The Declaration of Independence
The Articles of Confederation
The Constitution of the United States
Two Early Political Factions: Federalists and Democratic-Republicans
Conclusion
6. Reform of British Parliament, Society and Courts in Nineteenth-Century England
Introduction
Reform of the Courts
The Court for Divorce and Matrimonial Causes
Courts of Common Law and Equity
The Judicature Acts
Reform of the British Parliament: Modern Political Parties
Catholic Emancipation and Jewish Relief
The Great Reform Act 1832
The Second Reform Acts of 1867–68
Later Nineteenth-Century Reforms
Codification Movement
Law and Society in the Nineteenth Century
Conclusion
7. The Reception of English Law in Australia
Introduction
The Eighteenth-Century Context: Idealism and Slavery
The English Criminal Justice System and Convict Transportation
Convicts' Rights
The Governor's Powers
Early Colonial Legal System
The Court of Criminal Judicature
The Court of Civil Jurisdiction
The First Supreme Court of New South Wales
The New South Wales Act 1823, the Third Charter of Justice and the Supreme Court of New South Wales
The Legal Profession in New South Wales: 1788–1859
Reception of English Law
Conclusion
8. Self-Government and Law in Colonial Australia
Introduction
The End of an Era: Convict Transportation
The Amateur Magistracy in the Colonies
The Path to Responsible Government: 1823–50
The New South Wales Act 1823
Australian Courts Act 1828
New South Wales Constitution Act 1842
Australian Constitutions Act 1850
Representative and Responsible Government from 1850
Bicameralism
Separation, Responsible Government and Unicameralism in Queensland
Colonial Laws Validity Act 1865
Manner and Form
The Federal Idea and the Federal Council of Australasia
Conclusion
9. Indigenous Australia and the Law in the Colonial Period
Introduction
Aboriginal Australia before European Contact
International Law by 1787
Settlement, Conquest and Cession
Early Contact: British Sovereignty?
A New Legal Fiction
The Myall Creek Massacre and Trials
'One Law for All' in Other Australian Colonies
The Melanesian Labour Trade
Annexation of the Torres Strait Islands to Queensland
Conclusion
10. Federation
Introduction
The Federation Movement
Influence of the United States Constitution and Canada's British North America Act 1867
Federation Debates
Australasian Federation Conference, 1890
National Australasian Convention, 1891
Corowa Federation Conference, 1893
National Australasian Convention, 1897–98
Referenda on the Constitution Bill
The Commonwealth of Australia
The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 (UK)
High Court of Australia
The Privy Council's Continuing Role
Investing Federal Jurisdiction in State Supreme Courts: The 'Autochthonous Expedient'
The Office of Governor-General
Conclusion
11. Australian Constitutional Independence and Legal Developments of the Twentieth Century
Introduction
White Australia Policy
Immigration Restriction Act 1901
The Case of Egon Kisch
Changing Views of States' Rights
Case Study of Amalgamated Society of Engineers v Adelaide Steamship Co Ltd
Constitutional Independence in Australia
Treaty of Versailles 1919
Balfour Declaration of 1926
Statute of Westminster 1931
Australia in World War II: The Statute of Westminster Adoption Act 1942 (Cth)
Judicial Review During the Cold War
The Dismissal of Gough Whitlam
Commonwealth and State Alignment: Australia Acts 1986
Termination of Privy Council Appeals
The Mason Court
Conclusion
12. The Painful Legacy of Colonialism: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People and the Law in Modern Australia
Introduction
1967 Australian Referendum
Indigenous Australians and the Right to Vote
Amending the Constitution
The Gove Land Rights Case
Land Rights Movement
The Commonwealth Racial Discrimination Act 1975
Koowarta v Bjelke-Petersen
Mabo v Queensland (No 1)
Mabo v Queensland (No 2)
Native Title at Last!
The Legal Foundations of the Stolen Generations and Stolen Wages
Stolen Generations
Stolen Wages
Deaths in Custody
Indigenous Sentencing Courts
The Northern Territory Intervention
The Uluru Statement from the Heart

Conclusion 

Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK SYMPOSIA: Rechtsgeschichte and Völkerrechtsblog on Martti KOSKENNIEMI, To The Uttermost Parts of the Earth. Legal Imagination and International Power 1300-1870

 

(image source: CUP)

Both the open access-journal Rechtsgeschichte (MPILHLT) and the Völkerrechtsblog devote attention to Martti Koskenniemi's most recent work To the Uttermost Parts of the Earth. Legal Imagination and International Power, 1300-1870.

We refer our readers to:

  • Rechtsgeschichte: Thomas Duve's analysis (pre-publication on "Insights from Legal History")
  • Völkerrechtsblog: symposium organised by Christian Pogies and Hendrik Simon (including a response by the author)

Categories: Comparative Law News

SEMINAR : Colloque France-Italie, allers-retours : la volonté (Toulouse, 9-10 septembre 2021)

 

(Source : Centre d'histoire judiciaire de Lille)

A propos du colloque : 


Cette deuxième rencontre scientifique franco-italienne, après celle organisée à l’Università de Benevento, a retenu le thème de la volonté de manière diachronique, transversale (histoire du droit public, privé, pénal, commercial mais aussi de la science juridique) et comparée. La volonté est essentielle tant dans la vie juridique du sujet de droit que politique du citoyen. Un premier temps est de saisir les différences manifestations de la volonté au sein des deux cultures juridiques mais plus encore de croiser les regards pour déceler des influences et porosité entre les Italie et France. A partir d’un substrat romain, la volonté sera interrogée au regard de sa formation, de sa manifestation, de son exécution ou encore de son respect qu’elle soit individuelle ou collective. Le glissement du droit privé au droit public tout comme l’extension du domaine d’application de la volonté et de sa protection pour tenir compte et corriger des rapports de force ou encore les questions contemporaines sont quelques-unes des questions que l’histoire du droit peut contribuer à mettre en perspective. 

Ce colloque est soutenu par l’Université franco-italienne, l’università degli studi di Sannio, la faculté de droit et de science politique de l’Université Toulouse Capitole, le Centre Toulousain d’Histoire du droit et des idées politiques, le Centre d’Histoire judiciaire de l’Université de Lille.


A propos du comité d'organisation : 


Luisa Brunori, la présidente du comité est chargée de Recherche HDR au Centre d'Histoire Judiciaire. Elle est également membre du Comité National du CNRS à la section 36 Sociologie et Science du droit et Assesseure du Doyen en charge de la Recherche à l'Université de Lille.


Cristina Ciancio est Professeure en histoire du Droit à l'université de Bénévent au sein du Département du droit, de l'économie, de la gestion et des méthodes quantitatives (DEMM).


Marie Bassano est Professeure des universités en histoire du Droit et des institutions au sein du Centre Toulousain d'Histoire du Droit et des Idées Politiques (CTHDIP) de l'Université de Toulouse.


Florent Garnier est Professeur des universités en histoire du Droit et des institutions au sein du Centre Toulousain d'Histoire du Droit et des Idées Politiques (CTHDIP) de l'Université de Toulouse.


Programme du colloque : 


Programme scientifique (9 et 10 septembre 2021) 

Information et inscription en ligne sur le site du CTHDIP


Jeudi 9 septembre                                                Salle Clémence Isaure ( hôtel d'Assézat)


14.00 : Conférence inaugurale : 


Alain Wijffels, Cnrs/Université de Lille, Métamorphoses de la volonté dans la culture juridique occidentale


15.00 Découvrir : 


Elena Giannozzi, Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, La volonté à l’aune de la systématique justinienne.  

Giovanni Rossi, Università di Verona, Alla ricerca della volontà del testatore : la moglie « domina et usufructuaria » nella interpretatio dei giuristi di diritto comune. discutant Xavier Prévost, Université de Bordeaux, Institut universitaire de France


16.00 Interpréter : 


Marie Bassano, Université Toulouse Capitole, Ex voluntate. La puissance de la volonté dans la doctrine médiévale (XIIIe -XVe siècles).  

Orazio Condorelli, Università di Catania « (Non) tutto si trova nel corpo del diritto ». Voluntas, consensus, fi des : la prima scienza civilistica di fronte ai problemi del matrimonio (per la storia delle relazioni tra diritto e teologia nel secolo XII). discutant Lorenzo Sinisi, Università di Genova


Vendredi 10 Septembre                                       Auditorium Saint-Pierre Des Cuisines


09.00 S’engager :


 David Deroussin, Université Lyon 3, La représentation juridique : une technique autonome ?

Giovanni Chiodi, Università di Milano, Bicocca Regolare la rappresentanza : una novità del progetto italo-francese delle obbligazioni. discutant Nader Hakim, Université de Bordeaux


10.00 Responsabiliser :


Olivier Descamps, Université Paris Panthéon-Assas, Le rôle de la volonté dans la responsabilité délictuelle dans l’ancien droit.

Alarico Barbagli, Università Magna Grecia di Catanzaro, La volontà nel pensiero di un maestro del diritto comune del Quattrocento : Francesco Accolti. discutant Nicolas Laurent-Bonne, Université Clermont-Auvergne


11.30 S’associer :


Victor Simon, Université de Lille, L’affectio societatis : une histoire franco-italienne

Ferdinando Mazzarella, Università di Palermo, Organizzazione e volontà. Spazi d’individualismo nel diritto commercialediscutant Annamaria Monti, Università Bocconi di Milano


12.30 Déjeuner


14.00 Former la volonté souveraine : 


Paolo Alvazzi del Frate, Università di Roma Tre, L’État et l’individu. La crise de l’individualisme en Italie au début du XXe siècle. 

Guillaume Richard, Université de Paris,  Contre Rousseau ? Volonté générale et loi d’après la doctrine juridique du début du XXe siècle. discutant Francesco Mastroberti, Università di Bari


15.00 Consentir à l’impôt : 


Florent Garnier, Université Toulouse Capitole, Questions historiographiques autour du consentement à l’impôt, France XIXe -XXe siècles.

Cristina Ciancio, Università di Benevento, Le consentement à l’impôt après l’unifi cation italienne et la référence à l’expérience historique française (XIXe -XXe siècles).discutante Katia Weidenfeld, École Nationale des Chartes


16.30 Mesurer la criminalité :


Nicolas Derasse, Université de Lille, L’incorrigible : un autre regard sur la récidive.

Marco Cavina, Università di Benvento, Lombroso colonialista (Criminologia dell’indigeno nell’Africa italiana e francese). discutant Elio Tavilla, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia


17.30 Mesurer le criminel : 


Tanguy le Marc’hadour, Université d’Artois, Intention et consentement : mesure de l’atrocité du crime. L’exemple de l’inceste dans le ressort du Parlement de Flandres (XVIIIe siècle). 

Damigela Hoxha, Università di Bologna, Una pena per l’adultera. Onore e patriarcato tra Italia e Francia (sec. XVI-XVII). discutant Ludovic Azéma, Université Toulouse Capitole


18.30 Conclusions : 


 Luisa Brunori CNRS, Université de Lille

Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Jens MEIENHENRICH & Martin LOUGHLIN (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the Rule of Law (Cambridge: CUP, 2021), ISBN 9781108600569

 

(image source: CUP)

Book abstract:

The Cambridge Companion to the Rule of Law introduces students, scholars, and practitioners to the theory and history of the rule of law, one of the most frequently invoked-and least understood-ideas of legal and political thought and policy practice. It offers a comprehensive re-assessment by leading scholars of one of the world's most cherished traditions. This high-profile collection provides the first global and interdisciplinary account of the histories, moralities, pathologies and trajectories of the rule of law. Unique in conception, and critical in its approach, it evaluates, breaks down, and subverts conventional wisdom about the rule of law for the twenty-first century.

On the editors:

 Jens Meierhenrich, London School of Economics Jens Meierhenrich is Associate Professor of International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science and previously taught at Harvard University. His books include The Legacies of Law (2008), The Remnants of the Rechtsstaat (2018), The Violence of Law (2021), and, as co-editor, The Oxford Handbook of Carl Schmitt, 2016). Martin Loughlin, London School of Economics Martin Loughlin is Professor of Public Law at the London School of Economics and Political Science and previously taught at the University of Glasgow and at the University of Manchester. His books include Sword and Scales (2000), The Idea of Public Law (2003), Foundations of Public Law (2010), and, as co-editor, The Paradox of Constitutionalism (2007).

Table of contents:

Part I. Introduction: Thinking About the Rule of Law Jens Meierhenrich and Martin Loughlin
Part II. Histories:
1. Classical Athens' radical democratic 'rule of law' Adriaan Lanni
2. Rechtsstaat versus the rule of law Jens Meierhenrich
3. État de droit: the gallicization of the rechtsstaat Luc Heuschling
4. Islamic conceptions of the rule of law Lawrence Rosen
5. Empires and the rule of law Lauren Benton and Lisa Ford
Part III. Moralities:
6. The rule of law as an essentially contested concept Jeremy Waldron
7. The rule of law in Montesquieu Sharon R. Krause
8. The spirit of legality: A. V. Dicey and the rule of law Mark D. Walters
9. Michael Oakeshott's republican theory of the rule of law Martin Loughlin
10. The morality of the rule of law: Lon Fuller Kristen Rundle
11. E. P. Thompson and the rule of law: qualifying the 'unqualified good' Douglas Hay
12. Functions of the rule of law Brian Z. Tamanaha
13. Modeling the rule of law Barry R. Weingast, Gillian K. Hadfield and Jens Meierhenrich
Part IV. Pathologies:
14. Thomas Hobbes and the rule-by-law tradition David Dyzenhaus
15. Conservative critiques of the rule of law Peter C. Caldwell
16. Judith Shklar's critique of legalism Seyla Benhabib and Paul Linden-Retek
17. The Frankfurt school and the rule of law William E. Scheuerman
18. Critical legal studies and the rule of law Mark Tushnet
19. Feminist critiques of the rule of law Vanessa E. Munro
20. Critical race theory and the rule of law Khiara M. Bridges
Part V. Trajectories:
21. Economic development and the rule of law Shane Chalmers and Sundhya Pahuja
22. Democracy and the rule of law Martin Krygier
23. Constitutionalism and the rule of law Roberto Gargarella
24. Punishment in the rule of law Lindsay Farmer
25. Populism and the rule of law Nicola Lacey
26. An 'international rule-of-law movement'? Stephen Humphreys
27. Measuring the rule of law Tom Ginsburg and Mila Versteeg
28. Post-conflict rule of law Jane E. Stromseth
29. A global rule of law Anne Orford
Part VI. Conclusion:

30. What the rule of law is… and is not Jens Meierhenrich.

 (source: CUP)

 

Categories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: Giustizia, istituzioni e notai tra i secoli XII e XVII in una prospettiva europea (Genoa-online, 8-10 SEP 2021)

(image source: www.studistorici.unimi.it/)


We learned of a colloquium organized by the research group Notariorium Itinera on "Justice, institutions and notaries between the XII and the XVII centuries. A European perspective".

The event is free and open to the public, and it will take place via Zoom. Registration is required by sending an email to giustizia.genova2021@gmail.com


***

Mercoledì 8 settembre, ore 10.00

Sessione 1 - La giustizia e i suoi strumenti 

10.20 «Hec est quedam inquisitio». Formule e formulari della giustizia penale tra XIII e XV secolo  - ETTORE DEZZA (Università degli Studi di Pavia) 

10.40 «Omnia mea mecum porto»: Bartolomeo de Iordanis notaio e giudice alla fine del Duecento e i suoi ferri del mestiere - FRANCESCA SANTONI, CRISTINA MANTEGNA (Università degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza) 

11.20 Notai italiani al servizio dell’impero durante il regno di Federico I Barbarossa ed Enrico VI - ALBERTO SPATARO (Istituto Storico Italiano per il Medioevo) 

11.40 Fildesmido da Mogliano e i signori di Sant’Angelo: un caso di giustizia signorile nella Marca della prima metà del XIII secolo - STEFANO DEGLI ESPOSTI (Archivio di Stato di Fermo) 


Mercoledì 8 settembre, ore 14.00

Sessione 2 - La giustizia e i suoi linguaggi  

14.00 Notaio mediatore: la distanza fra la vita e la pergamena  - ALESSANDRA BASSANI (Università degli Studi di Milano) 

14.20 Scrivere ciò che è detto. Modi e forme di verbalizzazione - VALENTINA RUZZIN (Università degli Studi di Genova) 

14.40 La voce dei testimoni e la scrittura dei notai nelle inchieste giudiziarie della Marca anconetana (sec. XIII) - FRANCESCO PIRANI (Università degli Studi di Macerata) 

15.20 La giustizia e i suoi linguaggi nelle illustrazioni dei manoscritti giuridici e dei documenti notarili - MARIA ALESSANDRA BILOTTA (IEM-FCSH/Universidade Nova de Lisboa) 

15.40 Notai a giudizio: parole, immagini e azioni nella Milano del Tardo Medioevo - MARTA L. MANGINI (Università degli Studi di Milano) 

16.00 L’altra giustizia. Le sentenze arbitrali a Genova (secc. XIIXIII): arbitri, notai, documenti - MARTA CALLERI (Università degli Studi di Milano) 

16.20 Il sistema di composizione negoziale ed extra-giudiziario dei conflitti a Spalato nel XV secolo - ERMANNO ORLANDO (Università per stranieri di Siena)


Giovedì 9 settembre, ore 9.00

Sessione 3 - La giustizia in Europa 

9.00 Giustizia, istituzioni e notai nelle città della Provenza bassomedievale nei secoli XII - XIV - SIMONE BALOSSINO (Université d’Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse) 

9.20 Un tabellionage original: éncadrement de l’activité des passeurs d’actes dans le duché de Bretagne - THOMAS DELANNOY (Université de Nantes) 

9.40 A cavallo fra giustizia mercantile e relazioni internazionali: Joan Fogassot notaio del Consolato del Mare di Barcellona e ambasciatore del sovrano nel Quattrocento - ELENA MACCIONI (Università di Cagliari) 

10.00 La actividad notarial de Sevilla en el ámbito judicial durante el siglo XIV - PILAR OSTOS SALCEDO (Universidad de Sevilla) 

10.40 Los escribanos del concejo ante la justicia: un pleito por el acceso al oficio - MARIA LUISA DOMINGUEZ FERRERO (Universidad de Sevilla) 

11.00 Administración de la justicia en Sevilla - ROCÍO POSTIGO RUIZ (Universidad de Sevilla) 

11.20 Práctica judicial y producción de documentos en la Corona de Castilla (1150-1250 ca.) - MIGUEL CALLEJA PUERTA (Universidad de Oviedo) 

11.40 The Portrait of a Notary Public in Late Medieval Transylvania, Urbanus Petri de Stynawia († ca. 1471). Social, legal and paleographical implications - ADINEL CIPRIAN DINC Ă (Babeş-Bolyai University, ClujNapoca) 


Giovedì 9 settembre, ore 14.00

Sessione 4 - La giustizia della Chiesa  

14.00 La giustizia nell’estremo ponente ligure: Siro, arcivescovo di Genova, notai e documenti (1143-1156) - SANDRA MACCHIAVELLO (Università degli Studi di Genova) 

14.20 Carte, instrumenta e testamenti impugnati in un processo piacentino del XIII secolo - EMANUELA FUGAZZA (Università degli Studi di Pavia) 

14.40 Il primo tribunale dei vescovi di Cortona (XIV sec.): carriere e uffici - SIMONE ALLEGRIA (Università degli Studi di Siena); ALARICO BARBAGLI (Università degli Studi di Pisa)

15.20 Il tribunale dell’abate: notariato e documentazione a Susa nel XIV secolo - LIVIA ORLA (Università degli Studi di Torino) 

15.40 Notai pubblici e notai della curia nelle udienze ecclesiastiche di Braga e Porto (secoli XIII e XIV) - MARIA CRISTINA CUNHA; MARIA JOÃO OLIVEIRA E SILVA (Universidade do Porto) 

16.00 I procedimenti documentari dell’Inquisizione spagnola. Secreto e secretarios del Tribunale di Sassari (XVII secolo) - MARIANGELA RAPETTI (Università degli Studi di Cagliari) 


Venerdì 10 settembre, ore 9.00

Sessione 5 - La giustizia nell’Italia centro-meridionale 

9.00 L’eredità di Federico II nella documentazione giudiziaria del Regno di Sicilia degli ultimi Svevi - MARIA GALANTE (Università degli Studi di Salerno) 

9.20 Tra Napoli e Amalfi: persistenze e innovazioni nella documentazione giudiziaria del XIII secolo - GIULIANA CAPRIOLO (Università degli Studi di Salerno) 

9.40 Corti di giustizia locali: la situazione pugliese affiorante dalle carte dei secoli XII-XV - CORINNA DRAGO (Università degli Studi di Bari) 

10.00 Notai e documentazione nella Sardegna dei giudici - BIANCA FADDA; CECILIA TASCA (Università degli Studi di Cagliari) 

10.40 La giustizia dei vincitori, le cautele dei vinti. Gli atti della guerra del 1290 tra Roma e Viterbo - CRISTINA CARBONETTI (Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata)

11.00 Les pouvoirs de juridiction des notaires toscans : autour du titre de notarius et iudex ordinarius et du précepte de guarentigia (XI e-XIVe siècle) - MATTHIEU ALLINGRI (Université d’Aix-Marseille-CNRS) 

11.20 Notai e uomini di legge a Pisa nel XII secolo: riflessioni sul profilo culturale di un «ceto» emergente - MARIA CRISTINA ROSSI (Università degli Studi di Pisa) 

11.40 Scritture, notai e giustizia criminale a Bologna attraverso le Carte di corredo del podestà (prima metà del XIV secolo) - MADDALENA MODESTI (Università degli Studi di Bologna) 


Venerdì 10 settembre, ore 14.00

Sessione 6 - La giustizia nell’Italia settentrionale  

14.00 Il vertice della giustizia podestarile a Genova: pronunciamenti e sentenze in un frammento notarile di metà Duecento - GIOVANNA ORLANDI (Università degli Studi di Genova) 

14.20 Tra attività istituzionale e network personali: un sondaggio sui giudici a Genova nella prima metà del Trecento - PAOLA GUGLIELMOTTI (Università degli Studi di Genova) 

14.40 Notai e giudici nel cartolare di Leonardo Osbergerio (1341- 1344) - DENISE BEZZINA (Marie Skłodowska Curie Fellow, CNRS - Centre Roland Mousnier, Université Paris-Sorbonne) 

15.00 Procedure e modalità redazionali dell’amministrazione della giustizia civile a Savona agli inizi del XIII secolo: il cartolare di “Saono” - ANTONELLA ROVERE (Università degli Studi di Genova) 

15.40 Giustizia e finanza nel tardo medioevo: esempi dall’Italia nord-occidentale - ANTONIO OLIVIERI (Università degli Studi di Torino) 

16.00 Notai e organi giudiziari nell’arco alpino occidentale: autonomie locali e centralismo sabaudo nei secoli XIII-XV - PAOLO BUFFO (Università degli Studi di Bergamo) 

16.20 Una disputa giurisdizionale al tempo di Enrico VII. Spunti a partire da alcune fonti pavesi del XIV secolo - FERDINANDO NICOSIA (Università degli Studi di Pavia) 

16.40 «Hanc sententiam dixi et hanc breve scripsi». Notai e amministrazione della giustizia nella Marca Veronese tra XII e XIII secolo - GIUSEPPE GARDONI (Accademia Nazionale Virgiliana) 

17.00 I notai e la “buona giustizia” la società dei Protettori dei Carcerati di Milano (XV secolo) - GIULIANA ALBINI (Università degli Studi di Milano) 

17.20 Sociabilità intellettuale e religiosa di giudici e notai nell’età di Albertano da Brescia - MARINA GAZZINI (Università degli Studi di Milano) 

17.40 Notai e giustizia nella Terraferma veneziana in età moderna. Produzione, conservazione e tradizione degli atti civili - STEFANO TALAMINI (Università degli Studi di Trento) 

18.00 Saluti di chiusura


Detailed information can be found here


Categories: Comparative Law News

BLOG: Christian POGIES, The Cannon. A Tool for Delimiting Maritime Space (Legal History Insights, MPILHLT)

 


(image source: MPILHLT)

 First paragraph:

This is the story of the cannon as a tool to delimit maritime space in the history of the law of the sea. It is a story that spans from the 17th to the 20th century – it is a story about a state practice that became legal theory, technological progress and Western dominance in international law.

Read more here.

(source: ESILHIL Blog)

Categories: Comparative Law News

BLOG: Bruno LIMA, “Hidden thunder”: Who Was Luiz Gama? (Legal History Insights Blog, MPILHLT)

 

(image source: Legal History Insights)

First paragraph:

In 1847, fourteen years after escaping slavery in Kentucky (USA), William Wells Brown published an autobiography that soon became a best-seller and a landmark in the abolitionist propaganda. The epigraph of Brown’s famous Narrative brought about an existential question. Or, rather, a plea, that reflected the author’s state of mind:

Read more here.

(source: ESILHIL Blog)

Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Kathryn GREENMAN, State Responsibility and Rebels. The History and Legacy of Protecting Investment Against Revolution [Cambridge Studies in International and Comparative Law; 161] (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2021), ISBN 9781009043779,...

  

(image source: CUP)
Book abstract:This book traces the emergence and contestation of State responsibility for rebels during the nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries. In the context of decolonisation and capitalist expansion in Latin America, it argues that the mixed claims commissions-and the practices of intervention associated with them-served to insulate economic order against revolution, by taking the question of who assumed the risk of harm by rebels out of the scope of national authority. The jurisprudence of the commissions was contradictory and ambiguous. It took a lot of interpretive work by later scholars and codifiers to rationalise rules of responsibility out of these shaky foundations, as they battled for the meaning and authority of the arbitral practice. The legal debates were structured around whether the standard of protection against rebels owed to aliens was nationally or internationally determined and whether it was domestic or international authority that adjudicated such standard-a struggle over the internationalisation of protection against rebels.On the author:Kathryn Greenman is Lecturer in Law at the University of Technology Sydney. She is a co-editor of Revolutions in International Law: The Legacies of 1917 (Cambridge University Press, 2021) with Anne Orford, Ntina Tzouvala and Anna Saunders.

(source: CUP

(source: ESILHIL Blog)


Categories: Comparative Law News

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