Comparative Law News

BOOK: Géraldine CAZALS and Florent GARNIER, eds., Les décisionnaires et la coutume : contribution à la fabrique de la norme [Études d'histoire du droit et des idées politiques] (Toulouse: Presses de l’Université Toulouse 1 Capitole, 2017). €25,00. ISBN...

(Source: CTHDIP)
The Centre Toulousain d’Histoire du Droit et des Idées Politiques has published a new book on French customary law in the Middle Ages and Ancien Régime
Summary by the editors
S’inscrivant dans le cadre d’un renouvellement historiographique important, pour la coutume comme pour l’arrestographie, cet ouvrage porte un intérêt particulier à divers auteurs et œuvres essentiels à notre connaissance de l’histoire du droit français.
Réunissant les actes d’un colloque tenu à l’Université de Toulouse 1 Capitole les 9 et 10 juin 2016, il s’attache ainsi à étudier les liens existants entre précédent judiciaire et coutume, du Moyen Âge jusqu’à la fin de l’Ancien Régime. Il interroge, pour différents espaces, coutumiers et sources du droit d’Ancien Régime ainsi que la nécessaire distinction entre des us et coutumes liés à des pratiques sociales et un droit coutumier produit par la science du droit et notamment par la jurisprudence.
Géraldine CAZALS, professeur d’histoire du droit à l’Université de Rouen, membre de l’Institut universitaire de France.
Florent GARNIER, professeur d'histoire du droit à l'Université Toulouse 1 Capitole, directeur du Centre Toulousain d'Histoire du Droit et des Idées Politiques (E.A. 789).
Table of Contents
Jacques Krynen, Dix ans de travaux français d'histoire du droit intéressant la coutume. Bref commentaire en quatre points , p. 19Albert Rigaudière, Les 'Paix d’Aurillac': un pacte sur la coutume rédigé à trois mains (1277-1347) , p. 45Florent Garnier, Les coutumes de Toulouse au XIIIe siècle : une écriture sous influence , p. 163Nicolas Leroy, Statuts et justice. Une approche du problème de l’application pratique des normes municipales dans les villes du Sud-Ouest de la France , p. 211Xavier Prévost, La jurisprudence des arrêts dans les Institutes coutumières d'Antoine Loisel (1536-1617) d'après le manuscrit 3182 de la Bibliothèque Mazarine , p. 225Géraldine Cazals, Du droit et des coutumes dans les Arrests et Plaidoyez de Claude Expilly (1561-1636) , p. 245Jacqueline Vendrand-Voyer, Les décisionnaires et 'l’esprit de la coutume', p. 321Béatrice Fourniel. L'utilisation de la coutume dans un recueil de jurisprudence aurillacois (1692-1730) , p. 345Jean-Philippe Agresti, La place des coutumes parmi les autres sources du droit dans les écrits provençaux des XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles : Jean-Baptiste Reboul (1640-1719) et Jean-Joseph Julien (1704-1789) , p. 365Christine Mengès-Le Pape, La coutume à travers les recueils de jurisprudence du second XVIIIe siècle , p. 399David Deroussin, Pothier, la coutume (d’Orléans) et le droit coutumier, p. 413Jean Bart, Les décisionnaires et les silences de la coutume, p. 449Jean-Louis Halpérin, La coutume en Nouvelle-Calédonie en attente de décisionnaire(s) ?, p. 465Index, p. 481Liste des auteurs, p. 497Table des matières, p. 499
The introduction can be found online here. For more information, see the websiteof the publisher.
(Source: Portail universitaire du droit)
Categories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Comparative Legal History V (2017), No. 2 (ISSN 2049-6788)



The second issue of 2017 for Comparative Legal History (this Society's organ) has appeared.

All of our members have received a hard copy.

Table of contents:
Editorial (Heikki Pihlajamäki & Aniceto Masferrer)

Claiming apologies: a revival of amende honorable ? (Jan Hallebeek & Andrea Zwart-Hink)

The usurpation of legal roles by Suriname's Governing Council, 1669-1815 (Karwan Fatah-Black)

Charters in the longue durée: the mobility and applicability of donative documents in Europe and America from Edward I to chief justice John Marshall (Edward Cavanagh)

Book reviews
Martin Luthers Reformation und das Recht. Die Entwicklung der Theologie Luthers und ihre Auswirkung auf das Recht unter den Rahmenbedingungen der Reichsreform und der Territorialstaatsbildung im Kampf mit Rom und den “Schwärmern” (Matthias Schmoeckel)

New perspectives on European women’s legal history (Jean Elisabeth Pedersen)

The protectors of Indians in the Royal Audiencia of Lima. History, careers and legal culture, 1575–1775 (Renzo Honores)

Legal plunder: households and debt collection in late medieval Europe (Paul Brand)

Guardian of the Treaty: the privy council appeal and Irish Sovereignty (Patrick Geoghegan)

The Danish medieval laws: the laws of Scania, Zealand and Jutland (Per Andersen)

More information on Routledge's website.
Categories: Comparative Law News

INTENSIVE COURSE: Law Books: History & Connoisseurship (Yale Law School, 10-15 Jun 2018)

(image source: abovethelaw)
The Rare Book School is now accepting applications for "Law Books: History & Connoisseurship," a week-long, intensive course that will be offered June 10-15, 2018, at the Yale Law School in New Haven, Connecticut.This year marks my sixth time teaching the course, and the first time that I will be most ably assisted by Ryan Greenwood, Curator of Rare Books and Special Collections at the University of Minnesota Law Library.This intensive, week-long course is about building focused, interesting, and useful collections of historical materials in Anglo-American, European, and Latin American law. It is aimed at individuals and librarians who collect historical legal materials, and the book dealers who supply them. Lively discussion and extensive hands-on activities are hallmarks of the course. A full description, preliminary reading list, and past student evaluations are available at http://rarebookschool.org/courses/collections/c85/.Details on applying for admission to the course are at http://rarebookschool.org/admissions-awards/application/. The application deadline for first-round decisions is February 19. Applications received after this date will be considered on a rolling basis. Enrollment is strictly limited to 12 students.I can answer questions about the content of the course. All questions about applications, admissions, tuition, and housing should be directed to the Rare Book School staff, at rbsprograms@virginia.edu.
Contact:MIKE WIDENERRare Book Librarian & Lecturer in Legal ResearchLillian Goldman Law Library, Yale Law School127 Wall Street, New Haven, CT 06511-8918Phone: (203) 432-4494http://library.law.yale.edu/rarebooksYale Law Library - Rare Books Blog:     http://library.law.yale.edu/blogs/rare-books
(source: HLaw)
Categories: Comparative Law News

ARTICLE: James CRAWFORD, The Current Political Discourse Concerning International Law (Modern Law Review LXXXI (2018), no. 1 (January), pp. 1-22)


(image source: Pinterest, man writing)
James Crawford (Judge, International Court of Justice) published "The Current Political Discourse Concerning International Law", which appeared in the Modern Law Review LXXXI (2018), No. 1:

Abstract:
Reading current statements of world leaders on subjects relevant to international law is liable to cause confusion, even distress to those for whom the 1945 regulatory arrangements, as completed in the post-Cold War era, have become the norm. On occasions international law is invoked, but in what seems an increasingly antagonistic way, amounting often to a dialogue of the deaf. At other times it is apparently or even transparently ignored. This touches many of the arrangements governments spent the preceding period seeking to establish. Is there a pattern to all this, and how should we respond? How susceptible is the edifice of international law to such rhetoric? These issues are examined in the context of the law of withdrawal from treaties. Three recent high profile examples are examined: Brexit, South Africa's purported withdrawal from the Rome Statute, and the United States’ announced withdrawal from the Paris Agreement.
Source: International Law Reporter.
More information here.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Georgy Kantor, Thomas Benedict Lambert, and Hannah Skoda, eds., Legalism : Property and ownership (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017). $85.00. ISBN 9780198813415

(Source: Oxford University Press)
Oxford University Press has published “Legalism: Property and Ownership”
CONTENT
In this volume, ownership is defined as the simple fact of being able to describe something as 'mine' or 'yours', and property is distinguished as the discursive field which allows the articulation of attendant rights, relationships, and obligations. Property is often articulated through legalism as a way of thinking that appeals to rules and to generalizing concepts as a way of understanding, responding to, and managing the world around one. An Aristotelian perspective suggests that ownership is the natural state of things and a prerequisite of a true sense of self. An alternative perspective from legal theory puts law at the heart of the origins of property. However, both these points of view are problematic in a wider context, the latter because it rests heavily on Roman law. Anthropological and historical studies enable us to interrogate these assumptions. 
The articles here, ranging from Roman provinces to modern-day piracy in Somalia, address questions such as: How are legal property regimes intertwined with economic, moral-ethical, and political prerogatives? How far do the assumptions of the western philosophical tradition explain property and ownership in other societies? Is the 'bundle of rights' a useful way to think about property? How does legalism negotiate property relationships and interests between communities and individuals? How does the legalism of property respond to the temporalities and materialities of the objects owned? How are property regimes managed by states, and what kinds of conflicts are thus generated? 
Property and ownership cannot be reduced to natural rights, nor do they straightforwardly reflect power relations: the rules through which property is articulated tend to be conceptually subtle. As the fourth volume in the Legalism series, this collection draws on common themes that run throughout the first three volumes: Legalism: Anthropology and HistoryLegalism: Community and Justice, and Legalism: Rules and Categories consolidating them in a framework that suggests a new approach to legal concepts.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction - Property and Ownership: an Overview, Georgy Kantor, Tom Lambert , and Hannah Skoda1. Cows and the Shariah in the Abeche Customary Court (eastern Chad), Judith Scheele2. Property in Land in Roman Provinces, Georgy Kantor3. Property and Possession in Medieval Celtic Societies, T.M. Charles-Edwards4. The Afterlife of Property: Affect, Time, Value, Matthew Erie5. Jurisdiction as Property in England, 900-1100, Tom Lambert6. 'Everything Belongs to God': Sayyid Qutb's Theory of Property and Social Justice, Walter Rech7. A Sea of Profit: Making Property in the Western Indian Ocean, Jatin Dua8. Fish as Property on the Small Aral Sea, Kazakhstan, William Wheeler9. People as Property in Medieval Dubrovnik, Hannah Skoda

More information on the websiteof Oxford University Press 
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Eirik Bjørge and Cameron A. Miles, eds., Landmark cases in Public International Law (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2017). £120.00. ISBN 9781849467889

(Source: Hart Publishing)
Hart Publishing has published a book last month on some of the landmark cases in international law over the past 200 years:
ABOUT
The past two hundred years have seen the transformation of public international law from a rule-based extrusion of diplomacy into a fully-fledged legal system. Landmark Cases in Public International Law examines decisions that have contributed to the development of international law into an integrated whole, whilst also creating specialised sub-systems that stand alone as units of analysis. The significance of these decisions is not taken for granted, with contributors critically interrogating the cases to determine if their reputation as 'landmarks' is deserved. Emphasis is also placed on seeing each case as a diplomatic artefact, highlighting that international law, while unquestionably a legal system, remains reliant on the practice and consent of states as the prime movers of development.

The cases selected cover a broad range of subject areas including state immunity, human rights, the environment, trade and investment, international organisations, international courts and tribunals, the laws of war, international crimes, and the interface between international and municipal legal systems. A wide array of international and domestic courts are also considered, from the International Court of Justice to the European Court of Human Rights, World Trade Organization Appellate Body, US Supreme Court and other adjudicative bodies. The result is a three-dimensional picture of international law: what it was, what it is, and what it might yet become.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Introduction Eirik Bjorge and Cameron Miles2. The Charming Betsy and The Paquete Habana (1804 and 1900) William S Dodge3. Mavrommatis Palestine Concessions (Greece v Great Britain) (1924–27) Michael Waibel4. Factory at Chorzów (Germany v Poland) (1927–28) Chester Brown5. SS Lotus (France v Turkey) (1927) Douglas Guilfoyle6. Island of Palmas (Netherlands v United States of America) (1928) Eirik Bjorge7. Legal Status of Eastern Greenland (Denmark v Norway) (1933) Rolf Einar Fife8. Trail Smelter (United States of America/Canada) (1938 and 1941) Duncan French9. Trial Before the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg (1945–46) Katherine O'Byrne and Philippe Sands10. The Early United Nations Advisory Opinions (1948–62) Thomas D Grant and Rowan Nicholson11. The South West Africa Cases (1949 to 1971) James Crawford and Paul Mertenskötter12. North Sea Continental Shelf (Federal Republic of Germany v Netherlands; Federal Republic of Germany v Denmark) (1969) Nikiforos Panagis and Antonios Tzanakopoulos13. Barcelona Traction, Light and Power Company (Belgium v Spain) (1970) Giorgio Gaja14. Tyrer v United Kingdom (1978) Nigel Rodley15. Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v United States of America) (1984 to 1986) Robert Kolb16. Tadic v Prosecutor (1995) Sarah MH Nouwen and Michael A Becker17. The Nuclear Weapons Advisory Opinions (1996) Surabhi Ranganathan18. Gabcíkovo-Nagymaros Project (Hungary/Slovakia) (1997) Laurence Boisson de Chazournes and Makane Moïse Mbengue19. Vivendi v Argentina (1997–2010) Sam Luttrell20. US-Import Prohibition of Certain Shrimp and Shrimp Products (1998) Callum Musto and Catherine Redgwell21. LaGrand (Germany v United States of America) (2001) Cameron Miles22. Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (2004) John Dugard23. Jurisdictional Immunities of the State (Germany v Italy;Greece intervening) (2012) Omri Sender and Michael Wood

More information on the websiteof the publisher
Categories: Comparative Law News

FELLOWSHIP: “Raoul Berger-Mark DeWolfe Howe Legal History Fellowship” (Harvard Law School, Academic Year 2018-2019), DEADLINE 15 FEBRUARY 2018

(Source: Harvard Law School)
Harvard Law School is inviting applications for its yearly Raoul Berger-Mark DeWolfe Howe Legal History Fellowship:
Harvard Law School invites applications for the Berger-Howe Fellowship for the academic year 2018-2019.  Eligible applicants include those who have a first law degree, who have completed the required coursework for a doctorate, or who have recently been awarded a doctoral degree. A J.D. is preferred, but not required.  The purpose of the fellowship is to enable the fellow to complete a major piece of writing in the field of legal history, broadly defined. There are no limitations as to geographical area or time period. 
Fellows are expected to spend the majority of their time on their own research. They also help coordinate the Harvard Law School Legal History Colloquium, which meets four or five times each semester. Fellows are invited to present their own work at the colloquium. Fellows will be required to be in residence at the law school during the academic year (September through May). 
Applicants for the fellowship for 2018-2019 should submit their applications and supporting materials electronically to Professor Bruce H. Mann
Applications should outline briefly the fellow’s proposed project (no more than five typewritten pages) and include a writing sample and a curriculum vitae that gives the applicant’s educational background, publications, works in progress, and other relevant experience, accompanied by official transcripts of all academic work done at the graduate level. The applicant should arrange for two academic references to be submitted electronically. The transcripts may be sent by regular mail to Professor Mann at Harvard Law School, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138. 
The deadline for applications is February 15, 2018, and announcement of the award will be made by March 15, 2018. 
The fellow selected will be awarded a stipend of $38,000.

More information on the proposals of past fellowship holders can be found on the websiteof Harvard Law School  
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: John Reynolds, Empire, Emergency and International Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017). £ 85.00. ISBN 9781107172517

(Source: Cambridge University Press)
Cambridge University Press has recently published the book “Empire, Emergency and International Law”.
CONTENT:
What does it mean to say we live in a permanent state of emergency? What are the juridical, political and social underpinnings of that framing? Has international law played a role in producing or challenging the paradigm of normalised emergency? How should we understand the relationship between imperialism, race and emergency legal regimes? In addressing such questions, this book situates emergency doctrine in historical context. It illustrates some of the particular colonial lineages that have shaped the state of emergency, and emphasises that contemporary formations of emergency governance are often better understood not as new or exceptional, but as part of an ongoing historical constellation of racialised emergency politics. The book highlights the connections between emergency law and violence, and encourages alternative approaches to security discourse. It will appeal to scholars and students of international law, colonial history, postcolonialism and human rights, as well as policymakers and social justice advocates.TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Prologue pp 1-4  Part I - Traditions of the Oppressed pp 5-108 1 - Emergency, Colonialism and Third World Approaches to International Law pp 7-35 2 - Racialisation and States of Emergency pp 36-67 3 - Emergency Doctrine pp 68-108  Part II - Empire’s Law pp 109-192 4 - Emergency Derogations and the International Human Rights Project pp 111-137 5 - Kenya pp 138-169 6 - The Margin of Appreciation Doctrine pp 170-192 Part III - The Colonial Present pp 193-288 7 - Palestine pp 195-243 8 - Australia pp 244-265 9 - International Law, Resistance and ‘Real’ States of Emergency pp 266-288 Bibliography pp 289-313 Acknowledgements pp 314-316 Index pp 317-330 
For more information, see the website of the publisher. 
Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: French law versus Common law au XIXe siècle. La naissance d’une concurrence entre modèles juridiques (Rennes/Paris, 4 April 2018 and 9 October 2018)

The Université de Rennes and Université Paris Descartes have the following call for papers:
(Source: Université Paris DescartesCycle de deux journées d’étude organisé par l’Institut d’Histoire du Droit (EA 2515) de l’Université Paris Descartes et l’IODE – Institut de l’Ouest : Droit et Europe (UMR CNRS 6262) de l’Université de Rennes 1Acte I : Université de Rennes 1, 4 avril 2018Acte II : Université Paris Descartes, 9 octobre 2018
À l’origine d’une comparaison, d’une concurrence, d’un jeu de miroirs.
Depuis une trentaine d’années, de nombreux juristes français s’émeuvent devant l’expansion des systèmes de common law. Ils constatent que celui-ci est à la mode dans les grands cabinets d’avocats, dans les think tank économiques et commerciaux ou dans certaines institutions internationales. Ils observent, par contraste, que le modèle de civil law est souvent maltraité par les économistes et les universitaires anglo-américains. Ils craignent que la diversité juridique ne plie devant l’impérialisme du common law et que de vastes espaces de tradition civiliste ne basculent irrémédiablement du côté non codifié du droit.
Historiquement – cela est bien connu –, ces deux systèmes juridiques ont suivi des voies distinctes et ont adopté, chemin faisant, des doctrines et des pratiques qui les ont rendu progressivement étrangers l’un à l’autre. Etrangers ? Le terme doit être nuancé si l’on considère la mixité juridique à Québec, en Louisiane, à Sainte-Lucie ou à Maurice. Il n’en reste pas moins qu’au XIXe siècle, la doctrine de part et d’autre de la Manche traite des deux systèmes juridiques comme de « modèles concurrents », d’« opposite systems » ou de « rival systems », en exacerbant les particularismes respectifs.
Ce cycle de journées d’étude vise à examiner ce processus :
1. Faire connaître les œuvres doctrinales et les discours politiques qui ont participé à la concurrence entre modèles juridiques / Examiner les domaines dans lesquels les juristes promeuvent les qualités de l’un et l’autre modèles.
2. Observer comment la comparaison, l’admiration ou le rejet réciproque ont accusé les spécificités entre les systèmes. Ces systèmes étaient certes différents à l’origine, mais en quoi la prise de conscience de cette différence et le travail de comparaison ont-ils accentué, voire créé des opposite systems ?
3. Constater l’écho de ces débats aux XXe et XXIe siècles dans l’actualité du droit comparé, dans l’activité des cabinets d’avocats et des institutions internationales.
Nous invitons à faire parvenir des propositions de communication (300 mots maximum), en français ou en anglais, aux organisateurs du colloque, pour l’une ou l’autre des dates suivantes :– Première journée d’étude, Rennes 1, mercredi 4 avril 2018 : « French Law v. Common Law au XIXe siècle. Acte I ».– Deuxième journée d’étude, Paris V – Descartes, mardi 9 octobre 2018 : « French Law v. Common Law au XIXe siècle. Acte II ».La participation et l’inscription aux journées d’étude sont gratuites. Les organisateurs financent l’hôtel et les repas des conférenciers, mais ne peuvent pas financer les déplacements du Canada, d’Australie, du Royaume-Uni, des États-Unis vers la France.
Contacts des organisateurs :
M. Gwenaël Guyon : gwenael.guyon@parisdescartes.frPr Sylvain Soleil : sylvain.soleil@univ-rennes1.frPr Arnaud Vergne : arnaud.vergne@parisdescartes.fr
Comité scientifique:
Pr David Gilles (Sherbrooke University – Law School)Pr Eric Descheemaker (University of Melbourne – Melbourne Law School)Pr Peter Johnstone (University of North Texas – Denton)Pr Michael Lobban (London School of Economics and Political Sciences)Pr Sylvain Soleil (Université Rennes 1)M. Gwenaël Guyon (Université Paris V – Descartes)Pr Arnaud Vergne (Université Paris V – Descartes)

More information can be found on the websiteof the Université Paris Descartes 
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Peter MACALISTER-SMITH & Joachim SCHWIETZKE, Diplomatic Conferences and Congresses. A Bibliographical Compendium of State Practice 1642 to 1919 [Arbeitshefte der Arbeitsgemeinschaft für juristisches Bibliotheks- und Dokumentationswesen 25] (Graz:...

(image source: Neugebauer Verlag)
Abstract:
A survey of diplomatic conferences and congresses convened worldwide from 1642 to 1919 with extensive references to their published documents. Includes additionally a synopsis of the resulting acts, agreements, conventions, declarations and other instruments adopted by the states participating in each conference or congress.
The meetings of the conferences and congresses are arranged thematically in 111 groups starting at Münster and Osnabrück to prepare the Peace of Westphalia. In total 280 conferences and congresses are recorded. Over one third of the conferences and congresses were held from 1827 to 1919 at London and Paris. Other leading cities in order of diminishing frequency were Brussels, Bern, The Hague, Berlin, Istanbul, Washington and Vienna. The compendium closes with the peace of Brest-Litovsk (1917) and the Inter-Allied Conference of the Powers held in Paris and environs from 1919 to 1920. The Latin American and Pan American congresses are well represented, for example at Buenos Aires, Guatemala, Lima, Managua, Mexico, Montevideo, Panama, Rio de Janeiro, San José, San Salvador, Santiago and Tegucigalpa. Annexes supply further information on the Versailles treaty with Germany and the Covenant of the League of Nations.On the authors:


Joachim Schwietzke Library Director emeritus at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg, Germany. Peter Macalister-Smith is known internationally as the assistant general editor of the consolidated library edition of the Encyclopedia of Public International Law (1992–2003) and as the principal editor at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg, Germany, of the Journal of the History of International Law (2004–2015). Peter is a member of the editorial board of JUS GENTIUM, Journal of International Legal History, Talbot Publishing, Lawbook Exchange, Clark NJ, United States of America.
Table of contents here.

More information with the publisher.

(source: Legal History Blog)
Categories: Comparative Law News

Religious Marriages in the Mediterranean

Juris Diversitas - Mon, 01/08/2018 - 19:44

Religious Marriages in the Mediterranean
Venue and date: Mediterranean Institute, University of Malta, 20-21 March 2018 Within Mediterranean settings, religious marriage has functioned for centuries, together with conversion, as a means both of formal social incorporation and of exclusion of outsiders in relation to religiously-defined officially-recognised ethnic communities. Such an approach was an integral part of the Ottoman constitution; aspects of the millet system continue to have some posthumous existence in states like Lebanon and Cyprus. Over the last century or so, the development of secular or ‘quasi-secular’ nation-states throughout the region has generally meant the replacement of religious by civil marriage within state legal systems. Whether this has occurred via silent absorption or principled exclusion of religious unions, or even by the creation of dualist systems giving civil marriage pride of place, the juridical implications have been profound and range from the complete legal marginalisation of previously dominant religious traditions to the creation of ‘protected zones’ within secular jurisdictions within which religious law can operate. Everywhere religious courts have been
side-lined and have either been completely eliminated from the formal state’s radar, or compelled to accept a subordinate position within the state judicial hierarchy. At the same time, formally secular forms of marriage with religious conceptual roots have had to serve as important gate-keepers in granting or withholding access to citizenship and legal residence in states like Greece, Malta or Spain, which have been at the forefront of Mediterranean migrant flows.

More recently unregistered religious marriages have gone through a revival, proving also to be a useful vehicle for addressing mismatches between state legislation and the matrimonial strategies of couples. Thus the Mediterranean, a point of both intersection and mixing where ideas about the ‘West’ and its ‘other’, are re-produced and transformed, has witnessed how these transitions resulted in either a tense relationship between marriages regulated by formal, state laws and religious marriages celebrated according to informal, religious norms, or on the other end of the spectrum, civil marriages and (certain) religious marriages living harmoniously side-by-side and at times also being considered synonymous.

This multidisciplinary conference seeks to bring together researchers who have engaged in research on religious marriages in the Mediterranean. Papers may focus on, but are not limited to, one or more of the following themes:
1. Exploring the legal and social interaction between religious and civil marriages in the Mediterranean, whether contemporary or historical perspective (colonial and postcolonial).
2. Investigating the non-apparent connections between different religions within and without marriage legislation (Sunni, Shia, Catholic, Orthodox, Coptic, Jewish, Hindu…), including papers on mixed marriages.
3. How human/civil rights discourses blend and/or conflict with other forms of theological, moral and/or customary discourses on religious marriages.
4. Diverse ways of concluding and/or celebrating religious marriages in the Mediterranean.
5. Problematization and politicization of religious marriages in the Mediterranean.

Organizers:
Ibtisam Sadegh (University of Amsterdam)
David Zammit (University of Malta)
Susan Hirsch (George Mason University)

Papers (7,000-8,000 words), will be considered for publication in a special issue of the international, peer-reviewed Journal of Mediterranean Studies (ISSN: 1016-3476), published by the Mediterranean Institute, University of Malta and available electronically through Project Muse.

Upon request, limited travel and accommodation funds (two nights) may be available for short-listed candidates who cannot apply for funding from their own universities. Please submit your request for funding with your paper proposal.

Key note speaker:
Annelies Moors, Professor of Anthropology, University of Amsterdam

Deadline for abstract submission: 31 January 2018
Abstracts of 200-300 words are to be submitted via e-mail: i.sadegh@uva.nl with ‘abstract’
and your last name in the subject heading.

Timeline:
31 January 2018: Deadline for abstract submission
10 February 2018: Notification of acceptance
1 March 2018: Deadline for complete draft of paper between 5000 – 8000 words or a PowerPoint presentation.
20-21 March 2018: Conference hosted by the Mediterranean Institute
1 April 2018: Select participants will be invited to submit papers for consideration for publication in 2018 in the Journal of Mediterranean Studies

This two-day conference is organized by the University of Malta through the Department of Civil Law and the Mediterranean Institute research group on Belief, Identity and Exchange in conjunction with the ERC-funded research project on ‘Problematizing “Muslim Marriages”: Ambiguities and Contestations’ hosted by the University of Amsterdam.

See http://religionresearch.org/musmar2014/ 
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Hans-Peter Haferkamp, Die Historische Rechtsschule [Studien zur europäischen Rechtsgeschichte 310] (Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann, 2018). € 59.00. ISBN 978-3-465-04332-4

(Source: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History)
The Max Planck Institute for European Legal History has just announced a new book on the Historische Rechtsschule (published by Klostermann).
CONTENT
Enough books have been written about the German Historical School to fill entire libraries. Nevertheless, it is still difficult to determine who should be counted as a member of this school and who should not. One reason is that the traditional historical method, which dominated German legal historiography in the 20th century for quite some time, left marks that are still visible today. Eras have been interpreted through leading figures that supposedly matched the respective zeitgeist. The German Historical School has been identified with Friedrich Carl v. Savigny ever since. As a result, the research was focused on Savigny almost to the complete exclusion of his pupils.As a group phenomenon, the German Historical School remains an amazing terra incognita to this day. This work attempts to reconstruct the German Historical School for the first time as an academic school and thereby as a context of communication for a great number of legal scholars. Three fields of legal activity within which the German Historical School presented itself as a unified whole will be examined: the jurist as a teacher, as a legal scholar and as a judge.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Vorwort | IXA Einleitung | 1
I. Gans’ Frage | 1
II. Ausgangsüberlegungen | 16
III. Sondierung des Feldes | 18
B Von den Römern lernen | 31 | 1
I. Hugos Reformmodell von 1789 | 31
II. Didaktische Aufbruchsstimmung 1790–1803: Hugo, Haubold, Savigny | 51
III. Das Civilistische Magazin als erster Sammlungsort | 60
IV. Warum tote Rechte lehren? Die Geltungskrise des Jahres 1806 | 62
V. Der Aufstieg der Pandektenvorlesung | 77
VI. Eckpunkte eines gemeinsamen Lehrkonzepts | 95
C Das Recht im Römischen Recht | 111
I. Wissenschaftliche Konturen der Schule bis in die 1820er Jahre | 112
II. Krisendebatten seit den 1820er Jahren | 139
III. Methodologische Selbstvergewisserungen seit den 1830er Jahren | 171
IV. Die »christlich-historische Schule« – Ergebnisse | 264
D Der Gelehrte auf dem Richterstuhl | 269
I. Justizkritik um 1800 | 269
II. Erziehungsfragen in preußischer Perspektive | 272
III. Anhänger der Historischen Rechtsschule als Richter | 280
IV. Verwissenschaftlichung des Gerichtsgebrauchs | 284
V. Der Richter im wissenschaftlichen Kommunikationsprozess | 299
VI. Rechtspolitische Grenzgänge: Die Justiz als Garant bürgerlicher Freiheit? | 305
VII. Ein gemeinsames Justizkonzept? – Ergebnisse | 310
E Wendepunkte | 313
I. Das Ende einer Ära | 313
II. Zusammenbruch der Leitsätze der Schule | 315
III. Das Ende des Ausbildungsideals | 322
F Die Historische Rechtsschule als Schule | 325
Abkürzungen | 331
Literatur | 335
Personenregister | 387
Abbildungsnachweise | 393

For more information, see the website of the publisher.

(Source: Legal History Blog)
Categories: Comparative Law News

ESIL CONFERENCE PRE-CONFERENCE CALL: Consumers or Producers of international law? Non-European experiences with the law of nations in comparative perspective (DEADLINE 15 MAR 2018)

(image source: Travelodge)
The path from the European law of nations to a universal system of international law has attracted wide scholarly attention in the past decade. A variety of approaches have challenged the narrative of a European system that simply expands and covers most of the planet in the late 19th century. For example, scholars identifying with the TWAIL movement (Third world approaches to international law) have criticized modern international law as a product of western imperialism and colonialism. Building from this critique, other scholars have begun to ask how non-European conceptions and influences shaped and re-formed the European law of nations on its path towards becoming a global system. How can we read non-European jurists, lawyers, state leaders and peoples as producers, not just consumers, of international law?
Politicians, lawyers and activists from non-European countries are now seen as more than mere vessels through which the tradition of the European law of nations was stamped into new contexts. Rather, scholars now explore the impact of local elites in shaping the way international law was received into their regions. But to what extent were they successful in shaping international law as a whole? We need a stronger analytical framework to explore the broader picture and a more precise understanding of how each region’s or nation’s encounter with international law shaped both their own experience and aspects of the international system. 
The Interest Group for the History of International Law wants to support this emerging interest in contrasting and comparing regional experiences and invites scholars at every stage of their career to share insights on any angle of these developments, without geographic or temporal limitation.
Possible questions include:
  • What were the legacies of those regions and civilisations that had their own systems and traditions of law prior to the imperial encounter with Europe and its law of nations? Are there common patterns in how regional or imperial systems responded to their encounter with European international law, perhaps shaped by shared history, culture or religion, or was each experience specific and unique?
  •  If elements of Roman law or the European feudal order are recognized as precursors to features of modern international law, should extra-European legal systems be looked at in a similar way?
  • Can we detect a difference between international legal doctrine and state practice in analyzing these encounters?
  • What were the roles of specific fields of law, be it the acquisition or transfer of territory, the settlement of international disputes, the norms and expectations regarding the conduct of war and the conclusion of peace agreements, the legal status and experiences of foreign merchants, officials or travelers or the process of entering the emerging universal system of public and secret diplomacy?

Abstracts must be submitted no later than 15 March 2018 to esilighil@gmail.com on behalf of the Steering Committee of the Interest Group, which shall collectively supervise the blind peer-review process of the abstracts. Applicants will be notified on the outcome of the selection process by 30 March 2018.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Stephen Winter and Chris Jones, Magna Carta and New Zealand : History, Politics and Law in Aotearoa (Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017). $ 109,00. ISBN 978-3-319-58439-3


(Source: Palgrave Macmillan)
Palgrave Macmillan has recently published a book on the influence of Magna Charta on the legal history of New Zealand.
ABOUT THE BOOKThis volume is the first to explore the vibrant history of Magna Carta in Aotearoa New Zealand’s legal, political and popular culture. Readers will benefit from in-depth analyses of the Charter’s reception along with explorations of its roles in regard to larger constitutional themes. The common thread that binds the collection together is its exploration of what the adoption of a medieval charter as part of New Zealand’s constitutional arrangements has meant – and might mean – for a Pacific nation whose identity remains in flux. The contributions to this volume are grouped around three topics: remembrance and memorialization of Magna Carta; the reception of the Charter by both Māori and non-Māori between 1840 and 2015; and reflection on the roles that the Charter may yet play in future constitutional debate. This collection provides evidence of the enduring attraction of Magna Carta, and its importance as a platform of constitutional aspiration.TABLE OF CONTENTS
“… a Document of Our Times.” Magna Carta in Aotearoa New Zealand, Jones, Chris (et al.), 3-20Magna Carta and Memorialization: The Perils of Historical Anniversaries, Diggelmann, Lindsay, 23-44Myths and History: The Treaty of Waitangi as “The Magna Charta of New Zealand”, Williams, David V, 45-64Magna Carta and a Paradox of Authority, Sharp, Andrew, 67-88Symbol and Myth: Magna Carta in Legal and Public Discourse About Law and Rights in New Zealand, 1840−1940, Finn, Jeremy, 89-109The Politics of Magna Carta and the Ancient Constitution in New Zealand, 1642–c.1860, Kemp, Geoff, 111-131The Myth of the “Māori Magna Carta”, Tau, Te Maire (et al.), 133-152Mekana Tata: Magna Carta and the Political Thought of Aperahama Taonui, Kamau, Laura, 153-159The Utility of a Medieval Charter in New Zealand Litigation: The Case of the Magna Carta, Breach, Lindsay, 161-180Magna Carta and the Righteous Underdog in Modern Popular Culture, Milne-Tavendale, Anna, 181-203Magna Carta’s Promise: Strengthening the Declaration of Rights-Inconsistency, Winter, Stephen, 207-227Mana and Magna Carta: Locating New Legacies for a Medieval Charter in Post-colonial Aotearoa New Zealand Jones, Chris, 229-251Tear it up? Challenging the Charter, Winter, Stephen (et al.), 255-263
For more information, see the website of the publisher 

(Source: Portail universitaire du droit)
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Eds. Lauren A. Benton, Adam Clulow, and Bain Attwood, Protection and Empire : A Global History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017). £ 85.00, ISBN 9781108417860

(Source: Cambridge University Press)
Cambridge University Press has recently published a book on the legal history of protection across empires
DESCRIPTION:
For five centuries protection has provided a basic currency for organising relations between polities. Protection underpinned sprawling tributary systems, permeated networks of long-distance trade, reinforced claims of royal authority in distant colonies and structured treaties. Empires made routine use of protection as they extended their influence, projecting authority over old and new subjects, forcing weaker parties to pay them for safe conduct and, sometimes, paying for it themselves. The result was a fluid politics that absorbed both the powerful and the weak while giving rise to institutions and jurisdictional arrangements with broad geographic scope and influence. This volume brings together leading scholars to trace the long history of protection across empires in Asia, Africa, Australasia, Europe and the Americas. Employing a global lens, it offers an innovative way of understanding the formation and growth of empires and uncovers new dimensions of the relation of empires to regional and global order.
ABOUT THE EDITORS:
Lauren Benton, Vanderbilt University, TennesseeLauren Benton is Nelson Tyrone Jr Professor of History and Professor of Law at Vanderbilt University, Tennessee. She is a comparative and world historian whose research focuses on law in European empires, the history of international law, and Atlantic world history.Adam Clulow, Monash University, VictoriaAdam Clulow is a Senior Lecturer at Monash University, Victoria. He is a global historian whose work focuses especially on European interaction with Tokugawa Japan and the maritime history of early modern Asia.Bain Attwood, Monash University, VictoriaBain Attwood is Professor of History at Monash University, Victoria. He has published extensively on the history of settler colonialism.
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Introduction
Part I. Protecting Subjects, Projecting Power:1. Protection and the chanelling of movement on the margins of the Holy Roman Empire Luca Scholz2. Containing law within the walls: the protection of customary law in Santiago Del Cercado, Peru Karen B. Graubart
Part II. Conquest Reconsidered:3 Webs of protection and interpolity zones in the Early Modern World Lauren Benton and Adam Clulow4. Plunder and profit in the name of protection: royal Iberian armadas in the early Atlantic Gabriel De Avilez Rocha
Part III. Protection and Languages of Political Authority:5. Protection as a political concept in English political thought, 1603–1651 Annabel Brett6. Limited liabilities: the corporation and the political economy of protection in the British Empire Philip J. Stern7. From nurturing to protection in nineteenth-century Japan David L. HowellPart IV. Protection and Colonial Governance:8. Protection claims: the British, Maori and the islands of New Zealand, 1800–1840 Bain Attwood9. Protecting the peace on the edges of empire: commissioners of crown lands in New South Wales Lisa Ford10. British protection, extraterritoriality and protectorates in West Africa, 1807–1880 Inge Van HullePart V. Protection in an Inter-Imperial World:11. Between imperial subjects and political partners: Bedouin borders and protection in Ottoman Palestine, 1900–1917 Ahmad Amara12. Protection by proxy: the Hausa-Fulani as agents of British Colonial rule in Northern Nigeria Moses E. Ochono13. The problem of protectorates in an age of decolonisation: Britain and West Africa, 1955–60 Barnaby Crowcroft.

For more information, see the website of Cambridge University Press
(Source: International Law Reporter)
Categories: Comparative Law News

JOB: University Assistant (Prae Doc) at the Department of Legal and Constitutional History (University of Vienna); DEADLINE 23 JANUARY 2018

(Source: University of Vienna)
The Legal History Blog has reported the following job opening
University Assistant (prae doc) at the Department of Legal and Constitutional History (Closing on January 23)
The University of Vienna (15 faculties, 4 centres, about 174 fields of study, approx. 9.500 members of staff, more than 94.000 students) seeks to fill the position as soon as possible of aUniversity Assistant (prae doc) at the Department of Legal and Constitutional History.
The department is part of the Vienna Law School. The function of the department is research and academic teaching in the scope of Legal- and Constitutional history (focusing on history of private and constitutional law.). The department services about 1.500 students each year.

More information can be found at the websiteof the University. 
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Pierre Thévenin, Le monde sur mesure : une archéologie juridique des faits (Paris: Classiques Garnier, 2017). 36,00 €. ISBN 978-2-406-06898-3

(Source: Classiques Garnier)
Classiques Garnier has published a book on the juridical conception of facts by Pierre Thévenin
SUMMARY:
En étudiant la conception juridique des faits au prisme des interprétations scolastiques puis romantiques du droit romain de la possession, cette étude croise l’histoire du droit savant et la philosophie contemporaine, au gré d’une critique de l’idéalisme allemand.-With a focus on the Romantic and scholastic interpretations of the Roman law of possession, this study inquires into the juridical conception of facts. Offering a critique of German idealism, it explores the history of legal thought as a resource for contemporary philosophy.
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Liste des abréviations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    9Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   11
ACCOSTER LA JURISPRUDENCEPenser par lots. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   39La règle et l’idée. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   65Toucher l’histoire. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   99Deux Royaumes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  127Dépaysements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  159
HABILLER LES FAITSLa possession. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  173La baignade au même fleuve. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  201Emprises. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  223Fictum Factum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  247Attester la puissance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  269
Conclusion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  315Principaux juristes médiévaux cités. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  321Bibliographie. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  323Index des notions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  349Index des noms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  351

For more information, see the websiteof the publisher 
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Tamar Herzog, A Short History of European Law : the Last Two and a Half Millennia (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2018). € 25,00. ISBN 9780674980341

(Source: Harvard University Press)
Harvard University Press has published a new book on the general history of European legal systems.
Summary:
To many observers, European law seems like the endpoint of a mostly random walk through history. Certainly the trajectory of legal systems in the West over the past 2,500 years is far from self-evident. In A Short History of European Law, Tamar Herzog offers a new road map that reveals underlying patterns and unexpected connections. By identifying what European law was, where its iterations could be found, who was allowed to make and implement it, and what the results were, she ties legal norms to their historical circumstances, and allows readers to grasp their malleability and fragility.Herzog describes how successive European legal systems built upon one another, from ancient times through the establishment and growth of the European Union. Roman law formed the backbone of each configuration, though the way it was understood, used, and reshaped varied dramatically from one century and place to the next. Only by considering Continental civil law and English common law together do we see how they drew from and enriched this shared tradition.
Expanding the definition of Europe to include its colonial domains, Herzog explains that British and Spanish empires in the New World were not only recipients of European legal traditions but also incubators of new ideas. Their experiences, as well as the constant tension between overreaching ideas and naive localism, explain how European law refashioned itself as the epitome of reason and as a system with potentially global applications.
About the author:
Tamar Herzog is Monroe Gutman Professor of Latin American Affairs and Radcliffe Alumnae Professor in the History Department at Harvard University, and Affiliated Faculty Member at Harvard Law School.
Table of Contents:
Introduction: The Making of Law in Europe
Part One: Ancient Times
1. Roman Law: Now You See It, Now You Don’t2. The Creation of Latin ChristendomPart Two: The Early Middle Ages3. An Age with No Jurists?4. Lords, Emperors, and Popes around the Year 1000
Part Three: The Later Middle Ages
5. The Birth of a European Ius Commune6. The Birth of an English Common Law
Part Four: The Early Modern Period
7. Crisis and Reaffirmation of Ius Commune8. Crisis and Reinvention of Common Law9. From Ius Gentium to Natural Law: Making European Law Universal I
Part Five: Modernity
10. North American Developments11. The French Revolution
Part Six: The Nineteenth Century
12. Codifying the Laws of Europe: Making European Law Universal II13. Codifying Common Law
Epilogue: A Market, a Community, and a Union
NotesFurther ReadingAcknowledgmentsIndex

More information to be found on the siteof the publisher 
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Phillip Drew, The Law of Maritime Blockade : Past, Present, and Future (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). $ 99.95, ISBN: 9780198808435

(Source: Oxford University Press)
Oxford University Press is publishing a book dealing i.a. with the legal history of maritime blockade this month.
Description:
Although appearing to be a relatively benign method of warfare when viewed from a distance, a close examination of maritime blockade unveils a sinister character that can, in cases where countries are highly reliant on imports of foodstuffs to feed their populations, prove incredibly deadly, particularly for the young and elderly. This book is unique in that it is the only contemporary book that is dedicated to the study of the law of maritime blockade in the context of modern humanitarian law.
Reviewing the development of blockade law over the past four centuries, The Law of Maritime Blockade provides a historical analysis of the law as it emerged, tracing its evolution through armed conflicts between 1684 and the present. Referring to the starvation caused by the blockade of Germany during World War I and the humanitarian crisis caused by the sanctions regime against Iraq (1991-2003), this book demonstrates that blockade can have extremely deleterious effects for vulnerable civilian populations. In this context the current law of blockade is examined, and found to be deficient in terms of its protection for civilians. Recognizing and advocating that blockade should remain as a valid and effective method of warfare, the book offers a template for a modern law of blockade maritime blockade that incorporates many of the traditional aspects of the law, while reducing the possibilities that blockades can cause or exacerbate humanitarian disasters.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction2. Maritime Neutrality Law3. The Law of Contraband4. The Historical Practice of Blockade5. Blockade Law6. Blockade and the Civilian Population7. International Humanitarian Law and Blockade8. Blockade in Non-International Armed Conflict9. International Human Rights Law and Blockade10. Conclusions and RecommendationsAppendix: Model Law of Blockade
For more information, please visit the siteof the publisher. 
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Douglas A. Irwin, Clashing over Commerce: A History of US Trade Policy (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017). $ 35, ISBN 9780226398969

(Source: University of Chicago Press)
The University of Chicago Press has published a new book on the history of the United States’ trade policy
Content:
Should the United States be open to commerce with other countries, or should it protect domestic industries from foreign competition? This question has been the source of bitter political conflict throughout American history. Such conflict was inevitable, James Madison argued in The Federalist Papers, because trade policy involves clashing economic interests. The struggle between the winners and losers from trade has always been fierce because dollars and jobs are at stake: depending on what policy is chosen, some industries, farmers, and workers will prosper, while others will suffer.
          
Douglas A. Irwin’s Clashing over Commerce is the most authoritative and comprehensive history of US trade policy to date, offering a clear picture of the various economic and political forces that have shaped it. From the start, trade policy divided the nation—first when Thomas Jefferson declared an embargo on all foreign trade and then when South Carolina threatened to secede from the Union over excessive taxes on imports. The Civil War saw a shift toward protectionism, which then came under constant political attack. Then, controversy over the Smoot-Hawley tariff during the Great Depression led to a policy shift toward freer trade, involving trade agreements that eventually produced the World Trade Organization. Irwin makes sense of this turbulent history by showing how different economic interests tend to be grouped geographically, meaning that every proposed policy change found ready champions and opponents in Congress.

As the Trump administration considers making major changes to US trade policy, Irwin’s sweeping historical perspective helps illuminate the current debate. Deeply researched and rich with insight and detail, Clashing over Commerce provides valuable and enduring insights into US trade policy past and present.
Table of Contents:
-        Revenue. The struggle for Independence, 1763-1789 ; -        Trade policy for the new nation, 1789-1816 ; -        Sectional conflict and crisis, 1816-1833 ; -        Tariff peace and Civil War, 1833-1865;-        Restriction. The failure of tariff reform, 1865-1890 ;-        Protectionism entrenched, 1890-1912 ; -        Policy reversals and drift, 1912-1928 ;-        The Hawley-Smoot tariff and the Great Depression, 1928-1932;-        Reciprocity. The New Deal and reciprocal trade agreements, 1932-1943 ; -        Creating a multilateral trading system, 1943-1950 ; -        New Order and new stresses, 1950-1979 ; -        Trade shocks and response, 1979-1992 ; -        From globalization to polarization, 1992-2017-        Conclusion.
 
For more information, see the siteof the publisher
Categories: Comparative Law News

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