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ARTICLE: "The Politics of Early Justice, Lower Court Federal Judicial Selection 1789-1861", by Michael J. Gerhardt and Michael Ashley Stein (2014)

Michael J. Gerhardt (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Law)  and Michael Ashley Stein  (William & Mary Law School) on "The Politics of Early Justice, Lower Court Federal Judicial Selection 1789-1861", forthcoming on the Iowa Law Review

Here the abstract:

Almost every commentary on the history of the selection of federal judges presumes that there was some prior golden era in which national political leaders focused primarily on the merit of individual nominees and were not unduly swayed by partisan politics or ideology. Numerous constitutional scholars — and national leaders — have therefore roundly criticized the modern day judicial selection process, citing unprecedented delays and a low percentage of approval of federal court nominees as evidence that the system has broken down. They have argued that the ways in which senators, as well as presidents, have handled lower court nominations in the modern era have deviated from how the nation’s first chief executives and the first few Senates handled such nominations. Yet, there is one glaring omission in almost all commentaries on disputes over judicial selection over the past few decades — the absence of any substantiation of an earlier, so-called golden era, in which there actually was general deference within the Senate to presidents’ nominations to federal district and appellate judgeships. Even the classic work on federal judicial selection by the late Kermit Hall begins its analysis of federal judicial selection in 1825, disregarding nearly forty years of prior practices in the field and reinforcing the received but unsubstantiated assumptions about how judicial nominations to lower courts fared beforehand.

This Article is the first to make a serious comprehensive historiography of federal judicial selection from 1789-1861 in the United States. Following six years of archival and secondary source research, we identified each of the lower court nominations made by presidents from George Washington through James Buchanan and then tracked the Senate’s actions on each of their nominations through both archival and secondary sources. Further, we identified the criteria employed in the first seven decades of judicial nominations as well as the outcomes of, and grounds for, the Senate’s proceedings for all of these nominations. We believe that the results of this unprecedented study are significant because they provide a window into an era of early federal judicial selection that has been virtually ignored by both commentators and national political leaders. While we identified some antiquated practices, such as several of the earliest presidents’ judicial nominees actually declining judgeships after the Senate had confirmed their nominations, we found other patterns of practice that are similar to contemporary developments. Among the most significant of these latter patterns are the facts that: every antebellum president took political considerations into account in making nominations; all antebellum presidents, with the exception of William Henry Harrison, had most of their judicial nominations confirmed by the Senate; and three antebellum presidents — George Washington, Martin Van Buren, and James Polk — enjoyed 100% of their judicial nominations confirmed by the Senate. Yet, political parties, particularly in times of divided government, often split along party lines in judicial confirmation proceedings, and several judicial nominations in the antebellum period failed because of opposition based on the particular nominees’ ideologies or past political decisions. In short, there was no golden era of judicial nominations but rather different eras in which politics, in different ways, shaped federal judicial selection.

Categories: Comparative Law News

ANNOUNCEMENT: Annual review of Law and Social Science vol. 10

Juris Diversitas - Wed, 11/05/2014 - 06:50
A new issue of the Annual Review of Law and Social Science, vol. 10 (November 2014) has just been published. The table of contents follows:

In Praise of Tents: Regulatory Studies and Transformative Social ScienceJohn BraithwaiteAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 1-17.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (310 KB)

Legal Education in the Corporate University
Margaret ThorntonAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 19-35.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (143 KB)

Legal Indicators: The Power of Quantitative Measures of Law
Kevin E. DavisAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 37-52.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (139 KB)

Field Experimentation and the Study of Law and Policy
Donald P. Green and Dane R. ThorleyAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 53-72.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (206 KB)

Interviewing Children
Thomas D LyonAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 73-89.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (132 KB)

Law and Society in Brazil at the Crossroads: A Review
José Reinaldo de Lima Lopes and Roberto Freitas FilhoAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 91-103.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (122 KB)

The Dispute Tree and the Legal Forest
Catherine R. AlbistonLauren B. Edelman, and Joy MilliganAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 105-131.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (377 KB)

Disentangling Law: The Practice of Bracketing
Nicholas BlomleyAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 133-148.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (146 KB)

Critical Race Theory Meets Social Science
Devon W. Carbado and Daria RoithmayrAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 149-167.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (172 KB)

Language-and-Law Scholarship: An Interdisciplinary Conversation and a Post-9/11 Example
Elizabeth Mertz and Jothie RajahAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 169-183.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (134 KB)

Judicial Independence as an Organizing Principle
Charles Gardner GeyhAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 185-200.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (190 KB)

The Legitimacy of the US Supreme Court: Conventional Wisdoms and Recent Challenges Thereto
James L. Gibson and Michael J. NelsonAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 201-219.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (189 KB)

Human Trafficking and the New Slavery
Lauren A. McCarthyAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 221-242.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (192 KB)

Public Disorders: Theory and Practice
Sophie Body-GendrotAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 243-258.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (158 KB)

Crime, Law, and Regime Change
Joachim J. Savelsberg and Suzy McElrathAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 259-279.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (172 KB)

Law and Courts in Authoritarian Regimes
Tamir MoustafaAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 281-299.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (142 KB)

Cause Lawyering
Anna-Maria Marshall and Daniel Crocker HaleAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 301-320.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (163 KB)

Construction of Justice at the Street Level
Shannon Portillo and Danielle S. RudesAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 321-334.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (138 KB)

The Law and Social Science of Stop and Frisk
Tracey L. MearesAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 335-352.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (200 KB)

Immigration Law Beyond Borders: Externalizing and Internalizing Border Controls in an Era of Securitization
Cecilia MenjívarAnnual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 10: 353-369.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (145 KB)
Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: Irish Society of Comparative Law Conference 2015

Juris Diversitas - Tue, 11/04/2014 - 10:07
IRISH SOCIETY OF COMPARATIVE LAWAnnual Conference, 5-6 June 2015School of Law, University of Limerick
“Comparative Law: From Antiquity to Modernity”
The Irish Society of Comparative Law (ISCL) and the School of Law of the University of Limerick are pleased to announce the sixth annual conference of the ISCL to be held in Limerick on 5-6 June 2015. The ISCL held its first annual conference here in 2009.
The conference organisers encourage proposals which have both comparative and historical elements. Submissions on any era of legal history will be considered, as will papers on comparative and historical methodologies. However, any comparative topic may be proposed, eg private law, criminal law and criminal justice, public or constitutional law, legal education, etc. In addition, proposals on European or International law will also be considered.
The deadline for receipt of proposals is Friday, 30 January 2015. Proposals by both members and non-members, as well as by professional academics and graduate students, are welcome.
Proposals should be short (250 words) and sent to the Conference Organiser, Dr Laura Cahillane at ISCL2015@gmail.com . Presentations will be twenty minutes long.
The Conference fee will be €50 for members of the ISCL and €100 for non-members. (Membership fees are €50, student membership is free). The ISCL regrets that it cannot cover travel or accommodation expenses.
Additional information will be posted at www.irishsocietyofcomparativelaw.blogspot.com.
The ISCL was established in June 2008 and is recognised by the International Academy of Comparative Law. The ISCL is open to those interested in Irish and comparative law. Its purpose is to encourage the comparative study of law and legal systems and to seek affiliation with individuals and organisations with complimentary aims. Queries should be directed to niamh.connelly@tcd.ie.
Categories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: New Archive dedicated to the Life and Works of Professor Sir Neil MacCormick

Juris Diversitas - Fri, 10/31/2014 - 08:37

Exciting News from Queen Mary University of London:
QMUL publishes archive dedicated to life and works of Professor Sir Neil MacCormick
Researchers at Queen Mary University of London have published a digital archive dedicated to the life and works of Professor Sir Neil MacCormick (1941-2009), one of the twentieth century’s most important jurists.
The archive is funded by a Leverhulme research fellowship, and includes very rare audio recordings and video footage of MacCormick’s lectures and interviews. The project is authored and led by Dr Maksymilian Del Mar, Senior Lecturer in Law and Philosophy at Queen Mary University of London.

According to Dr Del Mar, the archive serves as “a valuable educational resource and a historical account of an extraordinary life in public service.”
“MacCormick was an intellectual giant. His contribution to law, politics, and constitutional affairs had a profound and lasting effect on public life in Scotland, the UK and the EU,” said Dr Del Mar.
In addition to MacCormick’s role as a jurist, he had a significant impact on Scottish politics and identity. Described as “the Scottish National Party’s greatest intellectual”, MacCormick was the principal author of the SNP’s Draft Constitution for an Independent Scotland; adopted in 1977, amended in 1991 and officially released in 2002.
He also made a considerable contribution to European politics, having served as a Member of the European Parliament (1999-2004), including as an Alternate Member of the Convention on the Future of Europe (2002-03).
In legal affairs, MacCormick made vital contributions to a wide variety of key topics, including legal reasoning, the relationship between law and power, liberalism and nationalism, and constitutional theory in the United Kingdom and Europe. He did so from the vantage point of the Regius Chair in Public Law and the Law of Nature and Nations at the University of Edinburgh – a post he held for over 36 years.
The archive is presented in chronological order by decade; supported by previously lost or unpublished video and audio material.
Categories: Comparative Law News

SLS NEWS 23/10/2014

Juris Diversitas - Fri, 10/31/2014 - 05:51
As follows some news from the Society of legal scholars:

1) Trinity College Dublin
Public lecture by Professor Andrew Burrows at 5:30pm on Wednesday 29 October. "Remoteness in Contract: The Rights and Wrongs of The Achilleas". Mr Justice Bryan McMahon will chair the event. All are very welcome to attend. Please register at www.eventbrite.ie. Full detailshttps://gallery.mailchimp.com/47624183ad52dd8428c97d3f6/files/Professor_Burrows_Public_Lecture_in_Dublin_29_October_2014.pdf

2)  Lancaster University: one-day symposium on the Rule of Law
31 October 2014.  

The Centre for Law and Society at Lancaster University will host a one-day symposium on the Rule of Law .  The event will centre upon Professor Christopher May’s recent publication, The Rule of Law in Global Politics. Speakers will include prominent figures specialising in public law and political science.  Lunch and refreshments will be provided and attendance is free of charge.  Three PhD travel bursaries (domestic travel only) are available to doctoral students working in this or related fields.  For further details of the symposium, or simply to notify us of your intention to attend, please contact John Murphy at the School of Law, Lancaster University atj.murphy2@lancaster.ac.uk.

3)  University of Nottingham
Wednesday 5 November 2014

Human Rights and Conscientious Objections – Theory and Practice,

The conference will cover a range of current issues including the moral or philosophical basis for conscientious objections, religiously based conscientious objections, whether conscientious objections are protected as part of freedom of religion, the relationship between conscientious objection and civil disobedience, conscientious objections to military service, conscientious objections in a healthcare context, whether conscientious objections should be recognised by  legal systems and, if so, how. The presentations will cover national, European and international perspectives.
Full details can be found at http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/law/events/events.aspx

4) St Mary’s University Twickenham, London
    6 November 2014The Centre for Law and Culture at St Mary’s University, Twickenham is holding a free lecture as part of its 2014-15 Public Lecture Series ‘Graphic Reporting: Human Rights Violations through the Lens of Graphic Novels’ and will be delivered by guest speakers Dr Jérémie Gilbert (University of East London) and Dr David Keane (Middlesex University). It is derived from their contribution to a collection on law and comics, edited by Centre for Law and Culture Co-Director Dr Thomas Giddens (in press at Routledge).The lecture will discuss the potential for graphic novels to influence human rights practice. At present, a handful of pioneering authors are producing graphic accounts of rights violations initially largely involving armed conflict but extending into other situations.Full details at:-

5)  International Conference on the Impact of the WWI on Palestine
hosted by Al-Jazeera Centre for Studies (AJCS) and the Palestinian Return Centre (PRC)
 Sat 8 & Sun 9 November 2014

venue: Bryanston Street London W1H 7EH
The conference will examine the impact of the WWI on Palestine with special interests on the role of the Ottoman Empire and the Zionist Movement. It will examine the political position of the Palestinians and the Arabs in general following the Sykes-Picot Agreement. It will also discuss in-depth the British Mandate and the San Remo Conferencehttp://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/international-conference-the-impact-of-world-war-one-on-palestine-tickets-12138948923?aff=eorg******************************************************************

6) 14th Annual Conference on European Tort Law (ACET)
    9 until 11 April, 2015

The conference will provide both practitioners and academics with the opportunity to learn of the most significant developments in tort law within Europe in 2014.

Full details and programme are at:
7) Swansea University
Minds, Brains and Law: A Conference on Law and Neuroscience,

11th and 12th December 2014

Speakers:  Michael S Moore, Dennis Patterson, Joanna Glynn QC, Huw Williams, Zachary Hoskins, Marion Godman, Michael Pardo,
John Danaher, Pim Haselager, Burkhard Schafer, Aidan Byrne, Bebhinn Donnelly-Lazarov, Jennifer Chandler, Elizabeth Shaw

This timely conference brings together influential researchers from the rapidly emerging and increasingly important field of law and neuroscience. Developments in neuroscience, and in particular the ability of neuroscientific technologies to probe the depths of mind and brain, are potentially of great significance for law. To what degree, for example, should neuroscientific evidence be admissible in courts? For what purposes? If our actions are the result not of conscious choice but rather the work of synapses and neuronal events, can we really say that anyone is responsible for their actions? The two-day event convened by Swansea University College of Law and its Centre for Global Legal Priorities will explore these and other conundrums in a professionally and academically integrated setting. In addition it will mark the recent publication of Minds Brains and Law, by Professor Dennis Patterson (Swansea) and Professor Michael Pardo (University of Alabama): a book considered likely to ‘profoundly affect the current perception of the relation between law and neuroscience’ (Peter Hacker, St John's College, Oxford). For the programme and registration form, please apply tob.donnelly@swansea.ac.uk

8) QMUL - Centre for Law and Society in a Global Context

Annual Seminar Series -  The international and EU legal aspects of Monetary Policy

12 November 2014, 12.00 to 14.00http://www.law.qmul.ac.uk/events/items/135273.html


)  Bournemouth University - The Centre for Intellectual Property Policy and Management

(CIPPM) at Bournemouth University invites you to attend a one-day event titled 3D Printing: A Selection of Stakeholder Perspectives
To understand the various implications relating to 3D printing, this event, will bring together industry experts, social scientists, policy makers, lawyers, economists and manufacturers of 3D printing. The event will also provide the platform for a discussion and peer-review of the UK Intellectual Property Office (UKIPO) Commissioned Report on the Intellectual Property Implications of 3D Printing carried out by researchers at Bournemouth and Econolyst<http://www.econolyst.co.uk>.

Date: 7 November 2014
Venue: Executive Business Centre, Bournemouth University
Time: Registration: 9.30 am;  Conference: 10:00 – 17.30

For programme andregistration please see http://microsites.bournemouth.ac.uk/cippm/2014/11/07/3d-printing-a-selection-of-stakeholder-perspectives/

10)  Reading University
    Workshop: Writing a Proposal for PhD Applications and Funding 
Friday, 21st November, 1-4pm

This is small group workshop and places are limited. Up to six places will be available to candidates from across the UK.  Attendees may be provided with a Workshop Award to cover or subsidise travel costs.
To apply for a place and a Workshop Award, please send a draft research proposal (400–600 words), a CV, and a short statement outlining your PhD and career plans to the Law School’s PGR Director, Dr Charlotte Smith:c.l.smith@reading.ac.uk.  Closing date: 14th November 2014.

Applicants with interests in the following areas are especially welcome: Constitutional and Administrative Law; Commercial Law, Criminal Justice & Criminology; European Law; Family Law; Human Rights; Legal History; Medical Law; Terrorism & Security; Gender & Sexuality;  Race, Religion and Law.

For inquiries, contact Dr Charlotte Smith
0118 378 5410
Categories: Comparative Law News

ARTICLE ANNOUNCEMENT: Comparative Law Teaching Through Video Conferencing

Juris Diversitas - Fri, 10/31/2014 - 05:44
A new interesting article from (2014) 5 IUCN Academy of Environmental Law e-Journal 1
BRADFORD W. MORSE, University of Waikato
Email: bmorse@waikato.ac.nz
The Editors: "Professor Bradford Morse reflects upon comparative teaching through videoconferencing. His insightful paper highlights a number of key concerns both with co-teaching a course and with the use of technology in teaching. It begins with a review of the developments in technology that first made distance learning a possibility, then leads us to the point where co-teaching across continents is possible. Thereafter Morse considers the challenges and benefits of teaching law through videoconferencing, highlighting as he does some of the benefits and challenges of this form of teaching." (click here to download the full article)
Categories: Comparative Law News


Juris Diversitas - Fri, 10/31/2014 - 05:34
A new issue of ,ISLAMIC LAW & LAW OF THE MUSLIM WORLD eJOURNAL, vol. 7, no. 26, has just been released, following the table of content of this issue:

Re-Emerging Equality: Traditions of Justice in the Cultural Roots of the Egyptian Revolution
by Giancarlo Anello, University of Parma and Khaled Qatam, Independent

The Islamic Influence in (Pre-)Colonial and Early America: A Historico-Legal Snapshot
by Nadia B. Ahmad, Pace University School of Law

Islamic Law as a Comparable Model in Comparative Legal Research: Devising a Method
by Hamid Harasani, King's College London – The Dickson Poon School of Law

Pluralism in Legal Education at the American University of Afghanistan
by Nafay Choudhury, American University of Afghanistan
Categories: Comparative Law News

ARTICLES ANNOUNCEMENT: Philosophy of Law eJournal

Juris Diversitas - Wed, 10/29/2014 - 10:22
We suggest two interesting articles from Philosophy of law eJournal. Click here to view the full table of content of the current issue.

"Law Is Made of Stories: Erasing the False Dichotomy between Stories and Legal Rules" 
Legal Communication & Rhetoric: JALWD, Vol. 11, 2014STEPHEN PASKEY, State University of New York (SUNY), Buffalo, SUNY Buffalo Law School
Email: sjpaskey@buffalo.edu
When lawyers think of legal analysis, they think chiefly of logic and reason. Stories are secondary. As Michael Smith explains, our legal system “is not founded on narrative reasoning” but on “a commitment to the rule of law.” The article suggests that this dichotomy between “rule-based reasoning” and “narrative reasoning” is false, and that narrative and stories are central to legal reasoning, including rule-based reasoning. In doing so, the article uses literary narrative theory to show that every governing legal rule has the structure of a “stock story”: the elements of the rule correspond to elements of a story. It follows that lawyers do not rely on stories simply because they are persuasive. They do so because a story is literally embedded in the structure of governing rules, and those rules can be satisfied only by telling a story. Thus, many analytical moves we label “rule-based reasoning” can be understood as a type of narrative reasoning, in which a client’s story is compared to and contrasted with the stock story embedded in the rule.

"The East African Court of Justice: Towards Effective Protection of Human Rights in the East African Community" 
Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law, Volume 17, 2013, p.173-195ALLY POSSI, Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria
Email: allypossi@gmail.com Human rights in Africa are under the microscope of regional and sub-regional mechanisms. The regional mechanism is under the auspices of the African Union (AU), in which human rights come under the scrutiny of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights and the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights. Sub-regional organizations, established as Regional Economic Communities (RECs), have recently developed their own jurisprudence in promoting and protecting human rights through their institutions. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the East African Community (EAC) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) have emerged as front runners in realizing human rights in African sub-regional organizations. The EAC is an intergovernmental organization which aims at improving the living standards of its citizens through cooperation in economic, social and political aspects among its Partner States. The principles governing the operations of the EAC in meeting its objectives include the promotion and protection of human rights. The EAC has established the East African Court of Justice (EACJ), tasked with interpreting and ensuring the application of the EAC Treaty. This article pinpoints key challenges that the EACJ is currently encountering and tries to find possible solutions which can improve the functioning of the EACJ to effectively protect human rights in the Community.
Categories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: Law and Revolution in Ireland: Law & Lawyers before, during, and after the Cromwellian Interregnum

 Law and Revolution in Ireland:Law & Lawyers before, during, andafter the Cromwellian Interregnum CONFERENCE 27-28 NOVEMBER 2014

Thursday, 27 November 2014
Session IDr Stephen Carroll(Trinity College Dublin)Competing authorities: the clash of martial and common law in early seventeenth-century IrelandDr Aran McArdle (Trinity College Dublin)‘Necessarye to keepe Irelande in Order’: Martial law and the 1641 rebellion 
Session IIDr Bríd McGrath (Trinity College Dublin)Electoral law in Ireland in the early seventeenth centuryDr John Cunningham (Trinity College Dublin / University of Exeter)Lawyers and the law in the writings of Sir William Parsons
Session IIIDr Neil Johnston (Department of Culture, Media & Sport, Westminster)Charles II’s legal officers and their influence on the Restoration land settlement in Ireland, 1660-65Prof. James McGuire, MRIA (Irish Manuscripts Commission)Governing Restoration Ireland: the evidence of the proclamations, 1660–70

Friday, 28 November 2014
Session IVJennifer Wells, JD (Brown University / Institute of Historical Research)‘Don’t Kill All the Lawyers!’ – Judges and lawyers in the Interregnum and the making of the British Empire Dr Andrew Robinson(Northern Ireland Policing Board)‘Twixt Treason and Convenience’: Protestant Ireland and the trial of the earl of Strafford
Session VDr Danielle McCormack (Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań)The rhetoric of law and the Restoration settlement, c. 1660-2                   Prof. Andrew Carpenter, MRIA(University College Dublin)Lawyers and the circulation of scurrilous verse in Restoration Dublin
Session VIDr John J. Cronin (University College Dublin)Countering a revolution with law: the role of the Irish royalist elite in the law courts of the exiled Charles II: 1649-1660Prof. Colum Kenny (Dublin City University)Shooting stars and survivors: King's Inns revisited 1648-1661
Irish Legal History Society AGM
Irish Legal History Society Winter DiscourseDr Coleman A. Dennehy (University College Dublin / University College London)Appointments to the Irish bench in the early Restoration period

For registration, please email Dr Coleman Dennehy (c.dennehy@ucl.ac.uk)
Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: 'Law in Transition' - Association of Young Legal Historians Annual Forum

Juris Diversitas - Wed, 10/29/2014 - 09:33
The XXIst Annual Forum of Young Legal Historians, and 6th Berg Institute International Conference, with the theme "Law in Transition", will take place at Tel Aviv University March 1-3, 2015.
[The deadline for proposals is 1 November 2014. Apologies for the late posting. SPD]
The upcoming XXIst Annual Forum of the Association of Young Legal Historians aims at a comprehensive discussion of law in transition. A wide variety of transitions of historical significance can be explored: political, economic, social, cultural, and more. “Law”—legal symbols, discourses, players, institutions, theories, and texts—has played a significant role in historical transitions, and legal historians have been crucial in exploring its multiple and contradictory effects. The stakes are not just historical, but current: these studies encourage transitions in the way law itself is conceived, theorised, and researched.
We invite young legal historians to present papers dealing with any aspect of law in transition. (Proposals on other topics will also be considered.) Papers can explore specific events or periods in a particular region or state, or provide a comparative analysis of different periods or multiple locations. Papers can focus on local questions or deal with transnational legal justice. We welcome papers combining legal transitions with political, economic, social, and cultural ones. Methodological reflections are also welcome:  Have legal transitions been “top-down” or “bottom-up”? What have been the legal sources of transition? What are the relationships between legal and non-legal histories of transition? What conceptions of law, its forms of operation, its effects, and its significance inform the analysis of transition?
The conference's discussion formats will vary to include panels of 3-4 independent papers, roundtables, panels dedicated to a specific book (including author-meets-readers if authors can attend), and panels dedicated to a canonical article. The organising committee encourages the submission of proposals for all of these formats, and will also welcome new and exploratory formats.
Presentations may be given in any major language, but English-language presentations are likely to receive the widest audience.
The deadline for proposals is 1 November 2014; please emailForum2015@aylh.org. Decisions will be made quickly.Proposals for individual papers should include an abstract of up to 350 words and a short c.v.Proposals for full panels should include, in addition to individual paper proposals, an abstract introducing the theme of the panel.Proposals for roundtables should include an introduction of theme, abstracts of presenters’ intended comments (up to 100 words for each presenter), and a short c.v. for each participant.Proposals for panels discussing a single book or article should include a full citation of the book or article, an explanation of its significance, abstracts of the papers, and a short c.v. for each participant.
The conference fee will be ILS 450 (approximately 95 Euro). The program will include social events and tours.
Discounted conference fees and accommodation at a nominal charge will be available for participants with no institutional funding. Applicants requesting such support should explain their request in a document accompanying their submission.
The Call for Papers can be found here. Further information about the Association of Young Legal Historians and past Annual Forums can be found at www.aylh.org. Please direct any questions about the conference to Forum2015@aylh.org.
The conference is sponsored by the David Berg Foundation Institute for Law and History, Buchmann Faculty of Law, Tel Aviv University, with the support of the TAU Office of the Vice President, Cegla Center for Interdisciplinary Research, Entin Faculty of Humanities, and Yavetz Graduate School of Historical Studies.
We look forward to welcoming you to Tel Aviv.
The Organising Committee: Omer Aloni, Yael Braudo-Bahat, Doreen Lustig, Dina Moyal, Anat Rosenberg, David Schorr
Categories: Comparative Law News

CFA: "Autour du «chef» : pour une histoire du commandement et de l’autorité" (Rome, 2-6 February 2015)

WHAT: Autour du «chef» : pour une histoire du commandement et de l’autorité, Atelier doctoral, Call for application

WHERE: Ecole française de Rome, piazza Farnese, Rome

WHEN: 2-6 Febuary 2015

Deadline 25 November 2014

L’École française de Rome, en collaboration avec l’Université de Roma 3, l’EHESS (Centre des normes juridiques de Paris - UMR 8178, le CIHAM (UMR 5648 - CNRS/Université de Lyon 2) et l’Université de Montpellier 3 (Centre d’études médiévales de Montpellier, EA 4583), organise un séminaire doctoral annuel à Rome du 2 février au 6 février 2015. Ce séminaire aura pour objet l'histoire du commandement et de l’autorité au Moyen Âge, mais donnera aussi une large place à ses prolongements modernes et contemporains, en tenant évidemment compte des héritages antiques et en mobilisant, autant que faire se peut, une démarche comparatiste. On se demandera par quels moyens et dans quelles circonstances les sociétés occidentales sont parvenues à élaborer ce « besoin du chef » - dont parle Yves Cohen dans son livre récent Le siècle du chef - qui s’impose définitivement depuis la fin du XIXe siècle dans la politique et dans tout milieu institutionnel en Europe comme dans d’autres continents ? Centré autour de cette figure sociologiquement assez fuyante, l’atelier sera consacré à la reconstruction historique des montages institutionnels que depuis le Moyen Age le droit, la religion, la politique et, depuis le XVIIIe siècle, l’administration étatique et d’entreprise ont été capables d’imaginer et d'appliquer pour structurer cette fonction du chef. Le tournant populiste et démagogique que les démocraties occidentales revivent ces derniers années nous incite à problématiser les catégories et les pratiques de cette incarnation du pouvoir sur une très longue durée, à partir des contextes médiévaux dans lesquels s’est structurée une géographie de la grandeur. 

Le séminaire doctoral se déroulera de la manière suivante : les matinées seront animées chacune par un conférencier et un discutant qui se pencheront sur les thématiques de l'atelier, alors que les après-midis seront consacrés à la présentation des travaux des doctorants, trois pour chaque jour. Les présentations des travaux des étudiants (durée : 20 minutes chacune) seront ensuite discutées par les conférenciers et feront l’objet d’un débat général. 
L’École française propose 12 bourses pour des jeunes chercheurs (doctorant-e-s et postdoctorant-e-s de la Communauté européennes et d’autres pays) venu-e-s d'horizons différents (histoire, droit, philosophie, sociologie, anthropologie...) ayant effectué ou effectuant un travail de recherche sur des thèmes liés à la problématique du séminaire. Ces bourses couvrent uniquement les frais de séjour à Rome. Le transport est à la charge des étudiants.Les candidat-e-s devront envoyer par e-mail avant le 25 novembre 2014 à l’adresse secrma@efrome.it un dossier constitué de : une lettre de motivation ; un bref curriculum vitae précisant les compétences linguistiques et, le cas échéant, une liste de publications ; un résumé du projet (2 pages au max., env. 6000 signes) ; une lettre de recommandation.Le Comité scientifique se réserve la possibilité d’accueillir, comme auditeurs, d’autres participants, qui prendraient à leur charge les frais de séjours et prouveraient leur intérêt à suivre le séminaire.Les candidat-e-s seront choisi-e-s en considération de leur projet par le Comité scientifique. Ils seront prévenus de l’obtention de la bourse avant le 5 décembre. Ils devront ensuite fournir un texte d’environ 10 pages (30 000 signes) dans une des langues de la conférence (français, italien ou anglais) avant le 10 janvier 2015. Les projets seront commentés, avant la discussion générale, par un expert. Les meilleures communications pourront être proposées à la publication dans les Mélanges de l’École française de Rome. Moyen Âge (http://mefrm.revues.org/) Les candidats retenus pour le séminaire seront tenus d’assister à l’ensemble des séances. 

Comité scientifique Jacques Chiffoleau, Yves Cohen, Emanuele Coccia, Emanuele Conte, Patrick Gilli, Stéphane Gioanni, Paolo Napoli 

Contacts École Française de Rome Stéphane Gioanni, Directeur des études médiévales Grazia Perrino, Secrétariat des études médiévales Piazza Farnese, 67 - I – 00186 Roma - Tel. (+39) 06 68 60 12 48 - email : secrma@efrome.it 

Categories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: the fourth Biennal ESCLH Conference (Gdansk, 2016)

WHAT: the fourth Biennal ESCLH Conference
WHERE: Gdansk University, Gdansk (Poland)
WHEN: 2016

Call for papers will be announced by mid-2015 on this blog
With great pleasure we announce and invite you to the fourth Biennial ESCLH Conference, which will take place in 2016 in Gdansk – the Hanseatic city of merchants, the birthplace of Solidarity movement, and the location of the largest institution of higher education in northern Poland!Gdansk, together with Gdynia and the seaside resort of Sopot, creates a metropolitan of over 1 million people. It is a city with a rich, more than 1,000-year, history, representing a vibrant and modern center of the dynamically developing Poland.Gdansk, the Hanseatic city, has been an important center of international trade since the Middle Ages. The particular merchant and commercial nature of Gdansk made unusual in this part of Europe. Gdansk undoubtedly enjoyed a special status in the region as a city situated at the intersection of cultures and nationalities, where Central and Eastern Europe meets Western Europe.Gdansk is the birthplace of the Solidarity movement which under the leadership of Lech Wałęsa, played a major role in bringing an end to Communist rule across Central Europe and the existence of the Iron Curtain dividing Europe by nearly a half-century.University of Gdansk is the largest institution of higher education in northern Poland, With almost 33,000 students in the eleven faculties and 1,700 academic staff members. The Faculty of Law and Administration of the University of Gdansk is considered one of the best Law Faculties in Poland. Our University and Faculty cooperate with many foreign universities and research institutes around the world.Gdansk is very well-connected city. Lech Wałęsa International Airport, with a new terminal opened ahead of Euro 2012, offers frequent direct flights to London, Paris, Frankfurt, Munich, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Stockholm, Amsterdam, Rome and Berlin.        To learn more about our city and the university, we have produced a short movie: http://arch.prawo.ug.edu.pl/films/ug3.mp4 Enjoy!
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Dénoncer le crime du moyen âge au XIXe siècle", edited by Martine Charageat et Mathieu Soula (2014)

Dénoncer le crime du moyen âge au XIXe siècle, edited by Martine Charageat et Mathieu Soula, Pessac, Maison des Sciences de l’Homme d’Aquitaine, 2014, [350 p.]
All information here

Cet ouvrage souhaite faire la part belle à la dénonciation comme l’un des moteurs du processus d’étatisation ou de publicisation de la justice du Moyen Âge à nos jours. Mais l’essor de la dénonciation ne doit pas être abordé comme étant le fruit de seules volontés politiques. Lorsque les appels à la dénonciation sont émis, la population choisit de coopérer ou non. Enfin, on ne pouvait totalement fermer la porte à une approche de la dénonciation judiciaire comme mécanisme de signalement et d’information des délits commis au sein des communautés. Elle a beau être un acte défini et régulé en droit, elle n’en demeure pas moins multiforme et largement insaisissable entre l’oral et l’écrit. Les contributions rassemblées ici montrent combien les progrès de ce mode de saisine des juges ne sont pas linéaires. Ils dépendent de la capacité des justiciables à se l’approprier en tant que victimes directes ou non des faits dénoncés. Ils sont déterminés aussi par les mésusages et les dérives qui font alors de cette pratique une ressource procédurale stratégique à l’heure de dénoncer pour les uns, de juger pour les autres 

SommaireListe des auteurs
  • Introduction – Ce que dénoncer veut dire, par Martine Charageat et Mathieu Soula
Première partie – Les voies de la dénonciationIntroduction
  • Excessus deliquentium in capitulo proclamantur – Dénoncer le crime au sein des monastères au Moyen Âge (XII-XVe siècles), par Élisabeth Lusset
  • Dénoncer le crime aux XIIe-XIIe siècles, par Bruno Lemesle
  • La place de la dénonciation dans la procédure rémoise des XIVe et XVe siècles, par Julien Briand
  • Rendre publique une «dénonce» au milieu du XVIe siècle, le procès des magistrats de Savoie, par Marie Houllemare
  • La dénonciation par écrit des barbiers : les documents des tribunaux criminels de Rome (XVe-XVIe siècles), par Maria Luisa Carlino
  • L’affaire sirani: dénoncer le crime de poison dans la Bologne du Seicento, par Margaux Buyck
  • Saisir le juge en cas de crimes atroces en Languedoc aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles, par Mathieu Soula
Deuxième partie – Usages et mésusages de la dénonciationIntroduction
  • Dénoncer son maître, dénoncer ses comparses: l’homme de main, le juge, la foule et l’aveu «spontané» (comté de Bourgogne, fin du XIVe siècle), par Michelle Bubeniceck
  • Dénoncer un crime imaginaire. Le cas de la sorcellerie démoniaque en Suisse occidentale (XVe siècle), par Chantal Ammann-Doubliez, Georg Modestin, Martine Ostorero et Kathrin Utz Tremp
  • Fait mandé et corps défendant. La procédure d’auto-dénonciation dans les Pays-Bas (XIVe-XVIIe siècles), par Aude Musin
  • Denunciare i delitti contro la fede nell’Italia della Controriforma: la storia di un fallimento, par Giovanni Romeo
  • Livrer les prêtres aux officialités : la dénonciation comme outil de régulation sociale au xviii e siècle, par Myriam Deniel-Ternant
  • Dénoncer l’adultère quand on est femme. Enjeux et pratiques de la scène judiciaire à Marseille au XVIIIe siècle, par Christophe Régina
  • La dénonciation calomnieuse au XIXe siècle: acteurs, circuits et implications, par Vincent Bernaudeau
Troisième partie – Refus et impossibilité de dénoncer autruiIntroduction
  • La faillite des dénonciateurs : un procès pour faux-monnayage de 1674 au coeur de la Castille de Charles II d’Espagne, par Olivier Caporossi
  • Pâra in Moldavia (in the 17th century), par Georgiana Zaharia
  • «Ce ne sont pas nos affaires»: dénonciation et non-dénonciation des malfaiteurs dans la Corse Moderne, par Antoine Graziani
  • «Pour la décharge de sa conscience et pour le bien de la justice». Des difficultés de la dénonciation du curé délinquant au XVIIe siècle, par Kévin Saule........ 287
  • Dénonciation intra-muros : le silence a-t-il le dernier mot? Étude d’histoire du droit comparé entre la France et le Québec au xixd siècle, par Carole Chabanon
  • Que faire quand on est volé ? Porter plainte dans la France rurale du xixe siècle, par Arnaud-Dominique Houte
Conclusion, par Martine Charageat et Mathieu Soula

Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Les officialités dans l’Europe médiévale et moderne. Des tribunaux pour une société chrétienne", edited by Véronique Beaulande-Barraud and Martine Charageat (2014)

Les officialités dans l’Europe médiévale et moderne. Des tribunaux pour une société chrétienne, edited by Véronique Beaulande-Barraud and Martine Charageat
Turnhout Brepols (série: ecclesia militans), 2014, 340 p.All information here
AbstractLes justices ecclésiastiques suscitent un intérêt historiographique renouvelé ces dernières années, tant comme juridictions temporelles spécifiques que dans les manifestations d’une justice compétente en matière «spirituelle». C’est spécifiquement sur les «cours d’Église», les officialités, que s’est tenu ce colloque réunissant historiens et juristes, médiévistes et modernistes, pour un bilan en forme d’invitation à poursuivre les investigations.
L’histoire des officialités a ainsi été éclairée dans sa diversité et dans son évolution, dans une perspective comparatiste. Leur compétence et la manière dont elles exercent leur juridiction, gracieuse, contentieuse, criminelle, a été mise en valeur, attestant de leur rôle quotidien auprès des populations. Enfin, l’étude de leur activité permet une approche de l’histoire des femmes et du couple qui, à son tour, met en valeur la richesse des sources des officialités, organes de “disciplinement des mœurs” encore en partie méconnus.
  • Avant-propos, Véronique Beaulande-Barraud et Martine Charageat 
Première partie. Des officialités en Europe
  • Notes introductives. Les officialités françaises et italiennes: comparaisons et contrastes, Silvana Seidel Menchi 
  • Le premier siècle de l’officialité de Rouen (v. 1185-v. 1280), Grégory Combalbert 
  • Une officialité locale à la fin du Moyen Âge : Saint-Julien-du-Sault au diocèse de Sens, Vincent Tabbagh 
  • Les officialités primatiales en France (v. 1420-v. 1520). Réforme et pratique juridictionnelle, Fabrice Delivré 
  • Church courts in Tudor England (1485–1603): continuities, changes, transformations, Martin Ingram 
Deuxième partie. Juridictions et compétences: Le quotidien des officialités 
  • L’officialité, laboratoire diplomatique? Quelques réflexions à partir des actes de l’officialité épiscopale de Paris au XIIIe siècle, Olivier Guyotjeannin 
  • Les sceaux des officialités médiévales, Jean-Luc Chassel 
  • Le recours à la juridiction gracieuse des officialités de Meaux par les établissements religieux du diocèse (XIIIe-XIVe siècles), Christine Barralis 
  • Une officialité atypique: l’officialité métropolitaine de Cambrai au XVIIIe siècle, Véronique Demars-Sion 
  • Peines et coercition dans la pratique judiciaire des officialités champenoises (Troyes, Châlons, XVe siècle), Véronique Beaulande-Barraud 
  • L’officialité de Beauvais et l’enfermement des curés délinquants au XVIIe siècle: entre rigueur et indulgence, Kevin Saule 
Troisième partie. La femme et les couples devant les officialités
  • Les officialités normandes et la lutte contre les mariages clandestins à la fin du Moyen Âge, Carole Avignon 
  • Pour une étude de la conflictualité matrimoniale (XIVe-XVIe siècles). Les archives de l’officialité césaraugustaine, Martine Charageat 
  • Les officialités andalouses et leur activité judiciaire en matière matrimoniale à l’époque moderne (XVIe-XVIIe siècles), Alicia Oïffer-Bomsel 
  • Aspects judiciaires de la séparation de corps dans la pratique des officialités de Cambrai et de Bruxelles: la liquidation du régime matrimonial par acte de juridiction gracieuse (XVe-XVIe siècles), Emmanuël Falzone 
  • Women before the Officiality of Troyes in the Fifteenth Century, Sara McDougall
  • Il giudice come confessore (Venezia 1420-1545), Cecilia Cristellon 
  • By Way of a Conclusion Charles Donahue Jr. 
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "El nacimiento de la justicia administrativa provincial. De los Consejos de Prefectura a los Consejos Provinciales", edited by M. A. Chamocho Cantudo (2014)

El nacimiento de la justicia administrativa provincial. De los Consejos de Prefectura a los Consejos Provinciales, edited by M. A. Chamocho Cantudo, Madrid, Dykinson, 2014, 486 p.
All information hereRésumé en EspagnolLa Ley de 17 de febrero de 1800 (ley de 28 pluvioso del año VIII, según el calendario revolucionario francés), obra de Napoleón, implanta en Francia un nuevo modelo de administración departamental, en el que se incardina el Consejo de Prefectura, órgano colegiado de doble naturaleza jurídica, consultivo del Prefecto, y tribunal contencioso-administrativo. Este modelo institucional fue exportado a Europa, primero por la fuerza de la ocupación napoleónica, y posteriormente por la consideración de un modelo de administración gubernativa y contenciosa que circuló, copiándose o modelándose en otros países europeos. La presente obra colectiva responde a la necesidad de reflexionar sobre lo que supusieron hace doscientos años, la creación de los tribunales administrativos departamentales en Francia —conseil de préfecture—, con sus avances y retrocesos, aciertos y desaciertos, y vertebrar un análisis comparativo con lo que ocurrió en España, cuarenta y cinco años después —consejo provincial—, así como en algún otro país europeo como Italia —consiglio diprefettura—, cuando estos Estados decidieron modelar el sistema administrativo francés en sus correspondientes reformas de la administración. Se profundiza en los consejos provinciales, herederos sin ambages del modelo francés de consejos de prefectura, tanto en su construcción doctrinal, su creación y evolución legislativa, así como su práctica institucional, centrándonos en su condición de tribunales administrativos desgajados de la jurisdicción ordinaria, e insertos en la propia administración.
  • Miguel Ángel Chamocho Cantudo es profesor de Historia del Derecho de la Universidad de Jaén. Es también Académico de la Andaluza de la Historia, investigador del Centro de Historia del Derecho de la Universidad de Rennes 1 y Consejero del Instituto de Estudios Giennenses. Autor de varias monografías, decenas de artículos y coordinador de otras tantas obras colectivas, se ha especializado en los últimos años en el estudio de las instituciones y del derecho comparado entre España y Francia, fruto de la cual es, entre otras, la presente obra colectiva.

Relación de autores.
  • Francisco Acosta. Universidad de Jaén. España
  • Grégoire Bigot. Universidad de Nantes. Francia
  • Belén Blázquez Vilaplana. Universidad de Jaén. España
  • Marc Bouvet. Universidad de Angers. Francia
  • Eduardo Cebreiros Álvarez. Universidad de La Coruña. España
  • Miguel Ángel Chamocho. Universidad de Jaén. España (Dirección y coordinación)
  • José Cuesta. Universidad de Jaén. España
  • Marco Fioravanti. Universidad de Roma “Tor Vergata”. Italia
  • Cédric Glineur. Universidad de Le Havre. Francia
  • Pascale Gonod. Universidad de Paris I. Francia
  • Emiliano González. Universidad de Burgos. España
  • Tiphaine Le Yoncourt. Universidad de Rennes I. Francia
  • Anthony Mergey. Universidad de Rennes I. Francia
  • José Antonio Pérez Juan. Universidad Miguel Hernández. Elche. España
  • Isabel Ramos Vázquez. Universidad de Jaén. España
  • Sylvain Soleil. Universidad de Rennes I. Francia.

  • Capítulo 1. ¿Existe una justicia administrativa antes de la revolución francesa? La jurisdicción administrativa local durante el Antiguo Régimen en Francia. Cédric Glineur. Universidad de Le Havre. Francia.
  • Cap. 2. Leyes fundadoras de la justicia administrativa local en Francia: de la ley de 16-24 de agosto de 1790 a la ley de 28 pluviôso del año VIII (17 de febrero de 1800). Tiphaine le Yoncourt. Universidad de Rennes I. Francia.
  • Cap. 3. ¿Existe una justicia administrativa antes de la revolución española? Justicia contenciosa versus justicia administrativa. Eduardo Cebreiros Álvarez. Universidade da Coruña. España.
  • Cap. 4. El marco jurídico-legal de emancipación de la justicia administrativa en España: la ley de 2 de abril de 1845. Emiliano González Díez. Universidad de Burgos. España.
  • Cap. 5. El modelo francés de consejos de prefectura en la Europa de la primera mitad del siglo XIX. Sylvain Soleil. Universidad de Rennes I. Francia.
  • Cap. 6. La justicia administrativa en Italia: de la influencia francesa a la unificación legislativa. Marco Fioravanti. Universidad de Roma «Tor Vergata». Italia.
  • Cap. 7. La mirada de la doctrina administrativa francesa sobre los consejos de prefectura (1800-1848). Anthony Mergey. Universidad de Rennes I. Francia 
  • Cap. 8. La justicia administrativa en la doctrina española del Moderantismo. Isabel Ramos Vázquez y Belén Blázquez. Universidad de Jaén. España
  • Cap. 9. Los consejos de prefectura y la doctrina administrativa francesa durante la II República (1848-1852) y el II Imperio (1852-1870). Pascale Gonod. Universidad de Paris I. Francia
  • Cap. 10. De las leyes Pidal a la Ley Santamaría de Paredes (1845-1888). José Cuesta. Universidad de Jaén. España.
  • Cap. 11. La composición de los consejos de prefectura (1800-1851). Marc Bouvet. Universidad de Angers. Francia
  • Cap. 12. Perfiles políticos del Consejo provincial de Jaén (1845-1854). Francisco Acosta. Universidad de Jaén. España 
  • Cap. 13. Los consejos de prefectura: atribuciones y procedimiento contencioso (1800-1889). Marc Bouvet. Universidad de Angers. Francia 
  • Cap. 14. El sistema de recursos respecto a las sentencias de los consejos de prefectura. Grégoire Bigot. Universidad de Nantes. Francia 
  • Cap. 15. Los consejos provinciales: atribuciones contenciosas, procedimiento y sistema de recursos. Miguel Ángel Chamocho. Universidad de Jaén. España 
  • Cap. 16. Atribuciones consultivas de los consejos provinciales. José Antonio Pérez Juan. Universidad Miguel Hernández. Elche. España
Categories: Comparative Law News

CFA: "Princeton LAPA Fellowship", (Princeton University, 2015-2016)

WHAT: Princeton LAPA Fellowship, Call for applications

WHERE: Princeton University

WHEN: academic year 2015-2016


Princeton University’s Program in Law and Public Affairs (LAPA) invites outstanding faculty members, independent scholars, lawyers, and judges to apply for appointments as resident Fellows for the academic year 2015-2016. We anticipate naming up to six fellows who are engaged in substantial research on topics broadly related to law and public affairs or law and normative inquiry, including one early career scholar working at the intersection of law and humanistic inquiry. Successful candidates will devote an academic year in residence at Princeton to research, discussion, and scholarly collaboration.  Applicants must have a doctorate, J.D. or an equivalent professional postgraduate degree.  Further information and the electronic application can be found here.
Categories: Comparative Law News

ARTICLE: "Roman Business Associations", by Andreas M. Fleckner

Roman Business Associations, by Andreas M. Fleckner,  Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law,  forthcoming in Roman Law and Economics, ed. Giuseppe Dari-Mattiacci.
Download the article hereAbstract
Roman businessmen could choose between three legal forms for joint business ventures: the societas, the societas publicanorum, and the peculium of a commonly held slave. None of these forms led to larger firms with publicly traded shares. The high level of instability is one of the key explanations: it was difficult under Roman law to commit capital in the long term and finance capital-intensive enterprises. Thesocietas was inevitably liquidated following numerous dissolution events. Members could withdraw their money at any time; their private creditors were not barred from seizing common assets. The peculium was even more unstable: in addition to the dissolution events of the societas, the joint venture came to an end and all peculiumitems reverted back to the masters if the commonly held slave died. The societas publicanorum developed into a more stable institution over time. During the same period, however, its business almost disappeared. Why did Roman law fail to provide organizational forms that allowed businessmen to form large associations and commit capital in the long term? A closer analysis of Roman society suggests that reservations in the social and political setting rather than economic factors or oddities of Roman legal doctrine caused business associations to remain small and unstable. This is an important lesson from history, both for the theory of the firm and for the role that law plays in it.
Categories: Comparative Law News

ARTICLE: "Liberalism and Property in Colombia: Property as a Right and Property as a Social Function", by Daniel Bonilla

Liberalism and Property in Colombia: Property as a Right and Property as a Social Function, by Daniel Bonilla, Universidad de los Andes School of Law,  appeared in the Fordham Law Review, 80 (2011): 1135-70.  
 Download the article here
Liberalism has determined the structure of the property law regime in Colombia. A genealogical analysis of the legal forms of the recent past that define and regulate property provides evidence of three key periods in the creation and consolidation of the right to property in the country. These three moments revolve around different forms of interpreting and balancing three fundamental values in the liberal canon: autonomy, equality, and solidarity.
Categories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: "George C. Lamb Jr. Visiting Fellows in Regulatory Governance" (2015-2016)

Rethinking Regulation at the Kenan Institute for Ethics at Duke University, in collaboration with Duke’s Trinity College of Arts and Sciences and the Fuqua School of Business, invites outstanding scholars of regulatory governance to apply for 1-2 residential George C. Lamb, Jr. Fellowships for the 2015-16 academic year. The Rethinking Regulation program is a multi-disciplinary community comprised of faculty members and graduate/professional students from many academic departments and professional schools at Duke, UNC-Chapel Hill, and North Carolina State University. The group’s members study and assess “regulation in action” – the evolving politics, operations, and culture of regulatory institutions, their interactions with regulated businesses and other interest groups, and normative frameworks for the evaluation of regulatory policy. Find out more [here].
In addition to pursuing their own research, Lamb Fellows will be expected to participate in Rethinking Regulation seminars and workshops, as well as Kenan Institute for Ethics workshops and seminars. They will also help shape a significant collaborative research project along with other members of the Rethinking regulation community. As part of that collaboration, Fellows will undertake some teaching responsibilities in Duke University’s Trinity College of Arts and Sciences and/or Fuqua School of Business – most likely co-teaching an advanced research seminar focused on subject matter of the collaborative research project, though other arrangements are possible. Fellows can come from any relevant academic discipline, including political science, public policy/administration, history, economics, sociology, cognitive psychology, anthropology, business management, law, environmental studies, risk analysis, and engineering.

Thematic Preferences for 2015-16
We especially welcome proposals from scholars with expertise or a strong emerging interest in one of the following two areas:
·         Retrospective review – assessment of regulatory rules, programs, strategies and agencies, examining what distinguishes successful from unsuccessful regulatory governance.
·         Adaptive regulation – strategies of regulatory governance that can appropriately cope with changing conditions and rapid processes of technological or organizational innovation, in contexts such as financial regulation, the oversight of advanced techniques of extracting fossil fuels (fracking, deep-sea drilling), nanotechnology, etc.
Fellowship Terms
We prefer proposals for the full academic year, but will consider applications for a single semester fellowship. All applicants should: possess a doctorate, J.D., or equivalent professional degree; be at least two years beyond their graduate training; and be based outside the Research Triangle area of North Carolina. All scholarly ranks are eligible. Residence in Durham is expected during the tenure of the fellowship. Lamb Fellows will receive office space at the Kenan Institute for Ethics, full Duke Library privileges, and a modest research account. Primary financial support, in the form of a fellowship grant, will vary according to individual circumstances. We anticipate offering grants equal to one-half of yearly or semester salaries, up to an annually set maximum amount, which may be less than half-salary for professors at the higher end of the compensation spectrum.
Application Process
Applicants should submit all of the following to Amber Díaz Pearson (amber.diaz@duke.edu) byJanuary 9, 2015:
  • A letter of application that describes the candidate's research areas and experience, ongoing projects, interest in collaborative research and teaching, and rationale for desiring a sustained period of engagement with Rethinking Regulation
  • A 2-3 page research proposal that details the individual work to be pursued during the term of the fellowship
  • curriculum vitae
  • Two to four references - these should be individuals who can speak to the candidate's research expertise, experience in multi-disciplinary contexts, and capacity for/interest in collaborative academic work.
Selection Criteria
The Selection Committee, made up of scholars active in the Rethinking Regulation program, willassess applications on the basis of:
  • The quality of their research and other achievement
  • The promise of their current research, especially in bridging disciplinary divides and informing ongoing regulatory policy debates
  • Their capacity for/interest in collaborative research, teaching, and writing
  • The fit between their expertise and the research priorities identified by Rethinking Regulation.
 An affirmative action and equal-opportunity employer, Duke University is committed to increasing the cultural and intellectual diversity of its academic community
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Working Knowledge: Employee Innovation and the Rise of Corporate Intellectual Property, 1800-1930", by Catherine L. Fisk

Working Knowledge: Employee Innovation and the Rise of Corporate Intellectual Property, 1800-1930, by Catherine L. Fisk, University of California Irvine Law
University of North Carolina PressAll information here
The book, which appeared in "Studies in Legal History" (the American Society for Legal History’s book series), won both the Littleton-Griswold Prize of the American Historical Association and the ASLH’s John Phillip Reid Book Award in 2010: Skilled workers of the early nineteenth century enjoyed a degree of professional independence because workplace knowledge and technical skill were their "property," or at least their attribute. In most sectors of today's economy, however, it is a foundational and widely accepted truth that businesses retain legal ownership of employee-generated intellectual property.
In Working Knowledge, Catherine Fisk chronicles the legal and social transformations that led to the transfer of ownership of employee innovation from labor to management. This deeply contested development was won at the expense of workers' entrepreneurial independence and ultimately, Fisk argues, economic democracy.
By reviewing judicial decisions and legal scholarship on all aspects of employee-generated intellectual property and combing the archives of major nineteenth-century intellectual property-producing companies--including DuPont, Rand McNally, and the American Tobacco Company--Fisk makes a highly technical area of law accessible to general readers while also addressing scholarly deficiencies in the histories of labor, intellectual property, and the business of technology.
Categories: Comparative Law News