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COLLOQUIUM: The Merchant and the Law

The Merchant and the Law: Mind the Gap?30th-31st of March 2015
Maastricht University, Faculty of LawThe Netherlands

On the 30th and 31st of March 2015, the Maastricht Faculty of Law hosts the colloquium entitled The Merchant and the Law: Mind the Gap?. The event is organised within the framework of the EU-funded Marie Curie Project (IEF) Early Modern Private Partnerships and Company Law in the Meuse-Rhine Region granted in 2013 to dr. Bram Van Hofstraeten.

By bridging the gap between legal and economic historians, the event aspires to decide on the rightfulness of the supposed gap between the merchant and the law in late medieval and early modern Europe.

More information can be found here.
Organising committee: dr. Bram Van Hofstraeten (Maastricht University) and dr. Justyna Wubs-Mrozevicz (Leiden University).
Categories: Comparative Law News

WEBSITE: The World Society of Mixed Jurisdiction Jurists Congress Website is now operational

Juris Diversitas - Mon, 03/09/2015 - 16:33
The website for the World Society of Mixed Jurisdiction Jurists Congress is now operational at http://www.mcgill.ca/centre-crepeau/wsmjj-4th-worldwide-congress

Online registration is open and a draft schedule is posted.
Categories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: The Journal of Legal History XXXVI (2015), Issue 1

(image: Taylor&Francis online)
 The Journal of Legal History published its first issue for 2015.


Andrew R.C. Simpson, "Counsel and the Crown: History, Law and Politics in the Thought of David Chalmers of Ormond"
In 1579, the Scottish jurist David Chalmers argued that remedies for the contemporary political troubles of his native country could be found in the study of law and history. His thinking in this regard was indebted to the French writer Jean Bodin. And yet while Chalmers was evidently familiar with Bodin's Les Six Livres de la Republique, he did not endorse all of the latter's more radical claims. In particular, he does not seem to have accepted that all law-making was dependent upon an exercise of sovereign will. In 1566 Chalmers had already argued that in Scotland the binding force of law could be attributed to that which local legal experts recognized to be just and rational on the basis of their learning. He developed this idea in 1579 to create an intriguing account of how both legal and historical learning could be used to shape Scottish laws and government.Gregory Allan, "Ceylon Coffee, the Comtesse and the Consignee: A Historical Reappraisal of Rochefoucauld v Boustead"

Abstract: This paper examines the Court of Appeal judgment of Rochefoucauld v Boustead [1897] 1 Ch. 196 through use of archive records, rarely cited law reports and nineteenth-century academic opinion. A full and hitherto untold account of the facts of the case is presented. It is revealed that the land which was the subject matter of the dispute was sold under the direction of the Ceylon District Court, and that the plaintiff was an accomplished individual who utilized various means to frustrate her former husband's attempts to obtain the land. The Court of Appeal's rulings that the defendant was a trustee of the land for the prevention of fraud, and that the trust was to be treated as an express trust, are also analysed with the aim of establishing how these issues were understood at the time of the judgment. It is argued that both of these aspects of the judgment were regarded as uncontroversial because there was a settled concept of equitable fraud, and because trusts imposed for the prevention of such fraud were an established category of trust in their own right, separate from express, resulting or constructive trusts.
Sir John Baker, "Migrations of Manuscripts 2014"

Book Reviews

All articles are accessible at Taylor & Francis online.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Ideas with Consequences: The Federalist Society and the Conservative Counterrevolution", by Amanda Hollis-Brusky (January 2015)

Ideas with Consequences: The Federalist Society and the Conservative Counterrevolution, by Amanda Hollis-Brusky, Oxford University Press (January 2015)
All information here
There are few intellectual movements in modern American political history more successful than the Federalist Society. Created in 1982 to counterbalance what its founders considered a liberal legal establishment, the organization gradually evolved into the conservative legal establishment, and membership is all but required for any conservative lawyer who hopes to enter politics or the judiciary. It claims 40,000 members, including four Supreme Court Justices, dozens of federal judges, and every Republican attorney general since its inception. But its power goes even deeper.

In Ideas with Consequences, Amanda Hollis-Brusky provides the first comprehensive account of how the Federalist Society exerts its influence. Drawing from a huge trove of documents, transcripts, and interviews, she explains how the Federalist Society managed to revolutionize the jurisprudence for a wide variety of important legal issues. Many of these issues-including the extent of federal government power, the scope of the right to bear arms, and the parameters of corporate political speech-had long been considered settled. But the Federalist Society was able to upend the existing conventional wisdom, promoting constitutional theories that had previously been dismissed as ludicrously radical. As Hollis-Brusky shows, the Federalist Society provided several of the crucial ingredients needed to accomplish this constitutional revolution. It serves as a credentialing institution for conservative lawyers and judges and legitimizes novel interpretations of the constitution that employ a conservative framework. It also provides a judicial audience of like-minded peers, which prevents the well-documented phenomenon of conservative judges turning moderate after years on the bench. As a consequence, it is able to exercise enormous influence on important cases at every level.

A far-reaching analysis of some of the most controversial political and legal issues of our time, Ideas with Consequences is the essential guide to the Federalist Society at a time when its power has broader implications than ever.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Legal History of the Civil War and Reconstruction: A Nation of Rights" by L.F. Edwards

Legal History of the Civil War and Reconstruction: a Nation of Rights", by L.F. Edwards, in the  New Histories of American Law series of the Cambridge University Press
Although hundreds of thousands of people died fighting in the Civil War, perhaps the war's biggest casualty was the nation's legal order. A Nation of Rights explores the implications of this major change by bringing legal history into dialogue with the scholarship of other historical fields. Federal policy on slavery and race, particularly the three Reconstruction amendments, are the best-known legal innovations of the era. Change, however, permeated all levels of the legal system, altering Americans' relationship to the law and allowing them to move popular conceptions of justice into the ambit of government policy. The results linked Americans to the nation through individual rights, which were extended to more people and, as a result of new claims, were reimagined to cover a wider array of issues. But rights had limits in what they could accomplish, particularly when it came to the collective goals that so many ordinary Americans advocated. Ultimately, Laura F. Edwards argues that this new nation of rights offered up promises that would prove difficult to sustain.
Laura F. Edwards, Peabody Family Professor of History at Duke University.All information here
Categories: Comparative Law News

ARTICLE: Viator on Creoles, Cajuns, and Language Law in Louisiana

Juris Diversitas - Fri, 03/06/2015 - 16:57
Creoles, Cajuns, and Language Law in Louisiana
Our friend, James Etienne Viator, of Loyola University (New Orleans) College of Law, has published an interesting article in Louisiana’s laws and languages. The article is available in Cajun French and English and in (Standard) French; they are also in (2014) 60 Loyola Law Review 273 and (2014) 60 Loyola Law Review 273 respectively.
The abstract of the first read:
This article, written in Cajun French and English, examines the word “Creole” and the history of laws about the French language in Louisiana. In recent decades, a growing awareness of the historical diminution of linguistic minorities and their languages around the world has led to increased efforts to preserve the cultural heritage of such minorities. In Louisiana, after decades of relegating Cajun French to second class status, in 1968 the Louisiana legislature created the Council for the Development of French in Louisiana (CODOFIL), a state agency tasked with preserving “Louisiana’s French language, heritage and culture.” The act establishing CODOFIL mandated that the Council “do any and all things necessary to accomplish the development, utilization, and preservation of the French language as found in the State of Louisiana.” But instead of teaching Cajun French, most Louisiana schools taught standard French, the purpose of CODOFIL was never fully realized, and both the Cajun French language, and culture, are still at risk of disappearing.
The abstracts of the second read:

French Abstract: Cet article, en français, examine le mot «créole» et l'histoire des lois sur la langue française en Louisiane. Au cours des dernières décennies, une prise de conscience de la diminution historique des minorités linguistiques et leurs langues à travers le monde a conduit à redoubler d'efforts pour préserver le patrimoine culturel de ces minorités. En Louisiane, après des décennies de reléguant Cajun français au statut de seconde classe, en 1968, la législature de la Louisiane a créé le Conseil pour le développement du français en Louisiane (CODOFIL), un organisme d'État chargé de la préservation de la "langue française, le patrimoine et la culture de la Louisiane." acte établissant CODOFIL mandat que le Conseil "faire toute et toutes les choses nécessaires pour accomplir le développement, l'utilisation et la préservation de la langue française que l'on trouve dans l'État de la Louisiane." Mais au lieu d'enseigner le français cadien, la plupart des écoles de la Louisiane a enseigné le français standard, le but du CODOFIL n'a jamais été pleinement réalisé, et les deux la langue français cadien, et la culture, sont toujours à risque de disparaître.

English Abstract: This article, in French, examines the word “Creole” and the history of laws about the French language in Louisiana. In recent decades, a growing awareness of the historical diminution of linguistic minorities and their languages around the world has led to increased efforts to preserve the cultural heritage of such minorities. In Louisiana, after decades of relegating Cajun French to second class status, in 1968 the Louisiana legislature created the Council for the Development of French in Louisiana (CODOFIL), a state agency tasked with preserving “Louisiana’s French language, heritage and culture.” The act establishing CODOFIL mandated that the Council “do any and all things necessary to accomplish the development, utilization, and preservation of the French language as found in the State of Louisiana.” But instead of teaching Cajun French, most Louisiana schools taught standard French, the purpose of CODOFIL was never fully realized, and both the Cajun French language, and culture, are still at risk of disappearing.
Categories: Comparative Law News

ARTICLE ANNOUNCEMENT: Eavesdropping on Our Founding Fathers: How a Return to the Republic's Core Democratic Values Can Help Us Resolve the Surveillance Crisis

Juris Diversitas - Fri, 03/06/2015 - 04:47
By Jeffrey S. Brand 
University of San Francisco - School of Law

The 21st Century has brought with it a surveillance crisis unprecedented in our history – a crisis that threatens our core values, among them the right to free expression, a free press, protection from unreasonable searches and seizures, and privacy. The crisis also threatens the right of citizens to engage in democratic policy making. 

It is a crisis that should surprise no one after the catastrophic events of September 11, 2001, wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, a never-ending so-called War on Terror, and a concurrent, unimaginable technology revolution digitizing our information and communication systems. Indeed, cataclysmic national security concerns coupled with the ability to monitor literally every communication of every American have spawned a generation of offspring with names like Stellar Wind, Prism, Upstream, Manning, Assange, Wikileaks and Snowden. 

The article, "Eavesdropping on Our Founding Fathers. How a Return to the Republic’s Core Democratic Values Can Help Us Resolve the Surveillance Crisis", provides a look at the current crisis through the lens of the history that led to the passage of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA), the legislation that lies at the heart of the current controversy and around which all administrations, Democratic and Republican, and America’s surveillance bureaucracy, the NSA, the CIA, the NDI and the FBI, have danced for nearly four decades. The article argues that a proper balance between legitimate national security interests and the sacred values and civil liberties that buttress America’s democratic institutions and aspirations can be best achieved if the current surveillance landscape is examined through that lens. 

In sum, "Eavesdropping on Our Founding Fathers" argues that solutions to the current surveillance crisis lie in a return to core values and first principles that implement the intent of the Founding Fathers to create an adversarial system of checks and balances among the various branches of the government which included bolstering the independence of the judiciary – values and principles which were eloquently argued during the FISA debates. The article examines those debates and details compromises that were made in the final legislation that became FISA – compromises that ultimately undermined FISA and allowed it to become a tool of rather than a check on the Executive Branch whose power the Act was intended to curb. 

Click here for further information.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BLOG: Modéer (Lund) on Comparative legal history and Comparative legal cultures

Highly Recommended. SPDFRÅN SCHLYTERS LUSTGÅRDProfessor Kjell Å Modéer (Lund) on Comparative legal history and Comparative legal cultures
Categories: Comparative Law News

BLOG: Modéer (Lund) on Comparative legal history and Comparative legal cultures

Juris Diversitas - Fri, 03/06/2015 - 04:16
Highly Recommended. SPDFRÅN SCHLYTERS LUSTGÅRDProfessor Kjell Å Modéer (Lund) on Comparative legal history and Comparative legal cultures
Categories: Comparative Law News

WORKSHOP: Thinking about Law Comparatively (25 March 2015)

Juris Diversitas - Fri, 03/06/2015 - 04:05
Highly Recommended! - SPDCLSGC Half Day Workshop:'Thinking about Law Comparatively'25 March 2015Time: 3:00 - 6:30pm 
Venue: Room 313, Law Building, School of Law, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS
Hosted by the Centre for Law and Society in a Global Context (CLSGC). 
ChairDr Maks Del Mar, Queen Mary University of London
SpeakersCommentatorsProgramme3pm Welcome, Dr Maks Del Mar
3pm-3.20pm: Professor Fernanda Pirie, University of Oxford, ‘Comparison in the Anthropology and History of Law’
3.20pm-3.30pm: Comment by Dr Jen Hendry, University of Leeds
3.30pm – 3.50pm: Professor Geoffrey Samuel, University of Kent, 'Comparative Law and its Methodology'
3.50pm-4pm: Comment by Dr Jacco Bomhoff, London School of Economics
4pm-4.30pm: Discussion
4.30pm-4.40pm: Break
4.40pm – 5pm: Professor Matthias Siems, Durham University, ‘Varieties of Legal Systems: Towards a New Global Taxonomy’
5pm – 5.10pm: Comment by Professor William Twining, University College London
5.10pm – 5.30pm: Professor Eric Heinze, Queen Mary University of London, ‘The Literary Model in Comparative Law: Shakespeare, Corneille, Racine’
5.30pm – 5.40pm: Comment by Dr Leone Niglia, University of Exeter
5.40pm – 5.50pm: Overall comment by Professor Mark van Hoecke, Ghent University
5.50pm – 6.30pm: Discussion
Categories: Comparative Law News

eJOURNAL ANNOUNCEMENT: BioLaw Journal - Rivista di Biodiritto New Issue 1/2015

Juris Diversitas - Fri, 03/06/2015 - 03:43
A new issue, no. 1/2015, of BioLaw Journal - Rivista di BioDiritto has just been published. BioLaw Journal – Rivista di BioDiritto is a peer reviewed, online law journal focusing on the relationships between law and life sciences under a comparative perspective. According to its interdisciplinary nature, the Journal hosts contributions in the fields of law, life sciences and bioethics.
The Journal presents articles, commentaries and book reviews which provide an innovative and original source of reference for academics, lawyers, legal and medical practitioners, law students, and anyone interested in national, European and international biolaw.

Click here for further information on this issue.

Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK ANNOUNCEMENT: Comparative Health Law and Policy

Juris Diversitas - Fri, 03/06/2015 - 03:29
Critical Perspectives on Nigerian and Global Health LawEdited by Irehobhude O. Iyioha, University of Alberta, Canada, and Remigius N. Nwabueze, University of Southampton, UK
  • Health law and policy in Nigeria is an evolving and complex field of law, spanning a broad legal landscape and drawn from various sources. In addressing and interacting with these sources the volume advances research on health care law and policy in Nigeria and spells the beginning of what may now be formally termed the ‘Nigerian health law and policy’ legal field.

    The collection provides a comparative analysis of relevant health policies and laws, such as reproductive and sexual health policy, organ donation and transplantation, abortion and assisted conception, with those in the United Kingdom, United States, Canada and South Africa. It critically examines the duties and rights of physicians, patients, health institutions and organizations, and government parastatals against the backdrop of increased awareness of rights among patient populations. The subjects, which are discussed from a legal, ethical and policy-reform perspective, critique current legislation and policies and make suggestions for reform.

    The volume presents a cohesive, comparative, and comprehensive analysis of the state of health law and policy in Nigeria with those in the US, Canada, South Africa, and the UK. As such, it provides a valuable comparison between Western and Non-Western countries.
  • Click here for further information
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK ANNOUNCEMENT: Theorizing Transitional Justice

Juris Diversitas - Fri, 03/06/2015 - 03:21
  • Edited by Claudio Corradetti, University of Oslo, Norway, Nir Eisikovits and Jack Volpe Rotondi, both at Suffolk University, USA
  • This book addresses the theoretical underpinnings of the field of transitional justice, something that has hitherto been lacking both in study and practice. With the common goal of clarifying some of the theoretical profiles of transitional justice strategies, the study is organized along crucial intersections evaluating aspects connected to the genealogy, the nature, the scope and the most appropriate methodology for the study of transitional justice. The chapters also take up normative and political considerations pertaining to specific transitional instruments such as war crime tribunals, truth commissions, administrative purges, reparations, and historical commissions.

    Bringing together some of the most original writings from established experts as well as from promising young scholars in the field, the collection will be an essential resource for researchers, academics and policy-makers in Law, Philosophy, Politics, and Sociology.
Categories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: Early Modern Political Corruption (Bern, 13-14 March 2015)

(image: hausderuniversitat.ch)
The organizers of the Bern Conference on Early Modern Political Corruption announced the program of the event, which will take place next week.

Friday, 13.03.2015 (Haus der Universität Bern)

0900    Opening: Simona Slanička/Maud Harivel/Florian Schmitz

Panel 1: Corruption in the Ecclesiastical SphereChair: Simona Slanicka (Bern)
0915    Olivier Christin (Neuchâtel)
    La Simonie comme Catégorie de Description des Élections par Corruption
1000    Bertrand Marceau (Paris)
    Élection et Corruption au Monastère. Le triple Scrutin de Cîteaux (1625)
Coffee break (20 min)

Panel 2: Elections and the MonarchyChair: Hillard von Thiessen (Rostock)
1100    Kateřina Pražákova (České Budějovice)
    The Habsburg Empire and the French Kingdom in the Struggle for the Polish Crown

1145    Kateřina Dufková (Prag)
    Between the King and the Estates. Elections of the Provincial Officials in Early Modern Moravia

Lunch break (Haus der Universität)

Panel 3: On the road to “Modernity”?Chair: Niels Grüne (Innsbruck)
1430    Malcolm Crook (Keele) and Tom Crook (Oxford Brooks)
    Contesting ‘corruption’. Electoral Morality and Practice in Britain and France, c. 1830- 1914
1515    Nathalie Dompnier (Lyon-2)
    La corruption électorale face à ses juges. Justice repressive et justice restitutive en France, 1848-1958

Coffee break

1730    Round table: Contemporary Elections and Electoral Corruption
(Hauptgebäude der Universität Bern, room HS 120)
Ronald Kroeze (Amsterdam)/Mark Pieth (Basel)/Anca Simina (Bucharest)/ Richard Lappin (Warsaw)

2000 Dinner: Restaurant Kornhauskeller (Kornhausplatz 18, 3011 Bern)

Saturday, 14.03.2015 (Haus der Universität Bern)Panel 4: Republics, Elections, Corruption
Chair: Christian Windler (Bern)

0900    Cristina Rosillo Lopez (Sevilla)
     The ancient Roman way to win elections: practices and discourse of electoral corruption during the Late Roman Republic (2nd-1st century BCE)
0945    Maud Harivel (Bern)
    Désintéresser les élections. Les mesures anti-fraudes dans la république de Venise

Coffee break (20 min)

Chair: Simona Slanicka (Bern)

1045    Dorit Raines (Venice)
The Formation of Advocacy Groups in the Venetian Republic, or how to avoid illicit Exchange of Favors during Elections

1130    Danilo Pedremonte (Genoa)
    Seven Ballots for a Consul. The Election of Benedetto Luxoro as Genoese Consul in Marseilles (1758-1759)

1400    Raphael Barat (Lyon-2)
    Les Brigues Électorales dans la République de Genève à la fin du XVIIe siècle
1440    Florian Schmitz (Bern)
    Obstacle or Catalyse? Elections in the Oligarchic Process (Berne, 1500-1700)
1520    Jean-Claude Waquet (Paris)
    Conference Synopsis

Coffee Break and Farewell
Categories: Comparative Law News

ROUNDTABLE: "Périodisations et régimes de temporalité en histoire (I et II)" (Paris, 6 et 16 March 2015)

WHAT: Périodisations et régimes de temporalité en histoire (I et II), roundtable
WHEN: 6 and 16 March 2015, 9:30 - 5:30
WHERE: Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Salle Jean-Pierre Vernant  -  190-198, avenue de France  -  75013 Paris
All information here
La remise en cause des découpages chronologiques conventionnels – histoire ancienne, médiévale, moderne et contemporaine – est fondatrice de la naissance même de l’EHESS. Avec Marc Bloch et Lucien Febvre, Fernand Braudel et ses régimes de temporalité multiples forgent une référence essentielle à l’architecture épistémologique et pédagogique de l’EHESS.

Après ces éléments fondateurs, de nombreuses nouveautés sont survenues au cours des dernières décennies :

1) Les découpages chronologiques en histoire européenne. Une mise en perspective historiographie s’impose étant donné les évolutions historiographiques dans ce domaine. Que reste-t-il aujourd’hui des périodisations académiques et quelles sont les alternatives proposées ?

2) L’irruption des aires culturelles. Leur essor à l’EHESS incite à un double questionnement. D’une part, chaque aire avance ses propres périodisations, plus ou moins liées aux historiographies nationales, voire nationalistes. Il s’agit donc de comprendre dans quelle mesure ces périodisations sont recevables et pour quels motifs. Mais d’autre part, l’histoire connectée, l’histoire globale et la world history encouragent, chacune à sa manière, à dépasser ces cadres traditionnels. En ce cas, comment proposer des périodisations capables de dépasser ces segmentations ? Quel rôle attribuer aux échelles temporelles ?

3) Les périodisations à elles seules ne constituent qu’un aspect du problème. Elles demandent à s’inscrire dans des débats non seulement historiographiques (à savoir, le moyen par lequel telle historiographie a pu produire telle périodisation), mais aussi épistémologiques. En ce cas, il s’agit de déterminer, tout d’abord, la nécessité des périodisations et leur raison d’être, et, en second lieu, la manière dont elles peuvent se relier aux problématiques plus générales des temporalités.

4) Cette dernière perspective, par exemple autour des trois temps braudéliens, renvoie aussitôt aux relations entre histoire, sciences sociales et sciences. L’article de 1958 combinait la longue durée à l’ambition d’intégrer histoire et sciences sociales. Cependant, depuis lors, cette interaction a été différemment mise en pratique. Aux USA, l’histoire relève essentiellement des humanités et il en va de même dans la plupart des universités françaises. Qu’en est-il de l’EHESS ? L’histoire est-elle encore une science sociale ou a-t-elle désormais basculé du côté des humanités ?
Une mise en perspective s’impose, notamment en tenant compte de l’essor des aires culturelles et de l’histoire connectée. L’érudition et les langues jouent un rôle central dans les deux cas, quoique de manière différente. Il est important de rendre ces différences explicites, puis, à partir de là, de préciser leurs relations avec les sciences sociales.

5) Les relations avec la science. Dans la tradition de l’EHESS, l’histoire de la science et les postures réflexives dominent la force et la spécificité de la recherche. La question se pose de concilier critique et réflexivité d’une part, avec reconstructions historiques, d’autre part. La circulation et la mise en pratique des savoirs dans des contextes pluriels constituent une réponse possible à cette question. Cette solution évince la question de la performativité des savoirs et de leurs pratiques, à l’affiche en histoire des sciences et de l’économie dans leur version euro-centrique. Faut-il pour autant radicalement écarter cette question ? Est-il possible de concilier une analyse réflexive des apports scientifiques avec leur usage « positif » en histoire et dans les sciences sociales ou bien faut-il accepter une incompatibilité, voire une rupture épistémologique majeure, entre ces domaines ?

6) Ces questions et les réponses apportées conditionnent non seulement la recherche mais aussi l’enseignement à l’EHESS : les passerelles entre histoire européenne et histoire des aires culturelles, le rôle dans ce cadre de l’histoire trans-aires se prêtent à discussion. En même temps, cette question ne pourra trouver de solution sans son complément, à savoir, quelle interdisciplinarité pour quelle histoire ?

Bien sûr il ne s’agit pas de discuter chacune de ces interrogations en particulier, mais de prendre pour point de départ le problème des périodisations et des temporalités confrontées les unes aux autres. Plusieurs sujets se prêtent à l’examen de cette confrontation : par exemple, les tensions entre sources et données ; entre langue, érudition et catégories des sciences sociales, etc. Si nous le souhaitons, nous pourrons très bien décider de continuer nos discussions sur ces points comme sur d’autres.

Nous avons conçu ces tables rondes comme de véritables échanges ouverts entre l’ensemble des participants. Les intervenants se limiteront dès lors à introduire les problèmes pendant une dizaine de minutes afin qu’un dialogue approfondi puisse émerger.

Deux tables rondes auront lieu en mars, le 6 et le 16 respectivement, sur les questions concernant les périodisations et régimes de temporalité en histoire européenne, dans les aires culturelles et en histoire des sciences, ainsi que sur les relations et croisements possibles.

Des journées d’études sur ce même sujet sont prévues début novembre, dans le cadre du programme GHC (ghc.wp.ehess.fr/) avec nos collègues de la Freie Universitat, Humboldt, Tokyo (Todai) et Princeton.ProgrammeVendredi 6 mars9h30-13h00
Quelles périodisations pour l’histoire européenne ? Que reste-t-il du découpage entre histoire ancienne, médiévale, moderne, contemporaine ?Cecilia D’Ercole (AnHima), Marcello Carastro (AnHima), Sylvain Piron (CRH), Mathieu Arnoux (CRH-Université Paris 7), Sabina Loriga (CRH), Jean-Yves Grenier (CRH)
De l’histoire européenne aux aires culturelles : quelles périodisations, quels jeux d’échelles?Alessandro Stanziani (CRH), Christian Lamouroux (Centre Chine), Romain Huret (CENA), Claudia Damasceno (Mondes américains)Lundi 16 mars9h30-13h00
Périodisations, échelles et aires culturelles 2Wladimir Berelowitch (CERCEC), Larissa Zakharova (CERCEC), Liliane Hilaire Perez (CAK-Université Paris 7), Kapil Raj (CAK)14h-17h30
Périodisations, échelles et histoire des sciencesJean-Baptiste Fressoz (CAK), Fabien Locher (CRH), Frédéric Graber (CRH), Fréderic Obringer (Centre Chine)Date
  • le vendredi 6 mars 2015  de 9h30  à 17h30
  • le lundi 16 mars 2015  de 9h30  à 17h30
Url de référence

Categories: Comparative Law News

PHD STUDENTSHIP: "Race, crime and justice in the UK since 1939" (Dundee, 2015-2018)

WHAT: Phd Studentship in History of race, crime and justice in the UK since 1939

WHEN: September 2015 to September 2018

WHERE: University of Dundee, School of Humanities

Deadline for application 15 April 2015

Applications are invited for a doctoral studentship on the history of race, crime and justice in the United Kingdom. The studentship is for three years from the 2015/16 academic year (September 2015 to September 2018). The successful applicant will be supported in developing a programme of original research that advances historical understanding of the relationship between race, racial identity, and the criminal justice system from 1939 to the present day. Some themes that may be explored include police-community relations, the racialisation of crime, media representations of race and criminality, and the work of racial minorities within police forces. The project will be supervised by Dr. Zoe Colley in the History programme.

Terms of the studentshipThe studentship will cover tuition fees for three years up to £4000 per year and a bursary equivalent in line with AHRC rates (2014-15 rate, £13863). As part of the studentship award and the doctoral training programme, the successful applicant will be supported in developing their teaching skills. You will receive training in higher education teaching and undertake up to four hours of tutoring per week from the second semester of the first year of study.The studentship is open to UK, EU, and international students. However, international students will be required to pay the difference between UK and international tuition fees.
Further information:Over the last thirty years, a series of government reports have highlighted on-going inequality in the treatment of racial minorities within the British criminal justice system. Recent research by the Department of Justice found that black Britons are seven times more likely to be subjected to stop and search procedures than whites. They are 3.3 times more likely to be arrested than whites and make up 25% of the British prison population.In August 2013, the think-tank Release issued a report into the enforcement of drug legislation within minority communities. It found “the policing and prosecutions of drug possession offences in England and Wales is unduly focused on black and minority communities….The drug laws in the United Kingdom are a major driver in the disproportionality that exists in our criminal justice system in relation to the black community.” This project offers the opportunity to explore the historic roots of these contemporary challenges. Much of the current literature in this area emphasises the role of government policy and legislation in tackling complaints of racial discrimination within policing, sentencing, and the prison system. This studentship aims to drive forward a research agenda that balances this top-down approach with an emphasis upon uncovering the history of black community engagement with the criminal justice system at a grassroots level. In doing so, it asserts the need to uncover the long history of racism within the British criminal justice system and the way in which notions of race and criminality have intersected within mainstream British society over the course of the last seventy years.
Eligibility:The essential requirements are: 1) an honours degree at 2:1 or above in History of other relevant subject area; 2) a Master’s degree at either merit or distinction, or be working toward the completion of a Master’s degree with a predicted grade of merit or distinction, in History or other relevant subject area; 3) if your first language is not English: IELTS 7.0 overall, with a minimum of 7.0 in all components.Priority may be given to those applicants who have a record of studying any of the following: 1) twentieth century British history; 2) race relations; 3) criminal justice systems.
•     How to apply:-          Please apply to the University of Dundee via UKPASS; go to http://www.dundee.ac.uk/study/pg/research-interests/history/. Select to study a PhD in History and indicate that you are applying for ‘race, crime, and justice.’-          Please include a personal statement of up to 1000 words detailinghow your undergraduate and postgraduate studies have equipped you to undertake doctoral research,your research interests and how they relate to this doctoral project. 
The deadline for applications is 15 April 2015.
Any questions about the studentship should be directed to Dr Zoe Colley. In the first instance, this should be via email (z.a.colley@dundee.ac.uk).

Further information about the School of Humanities is available at www.dundee.ac.uk/humanities.
Categories: Comparative Law News

WORKSHOP: "Annual Comparative Law Work-in-Progress Workshop" (Princeton, 6-7 March 2015)

WHAT: the Annual Comparative Law Work-in-Progress Workshop
WHEN: 6-7 March 2015

WHERE: Princeton University, Princeton

All information here

Co-sponsored by the American Society of Comparative Law; the Program in Law and Public Affairs, Princeton University; the University of Illinois College of Law and the UCLA Law School
Workshop Planning Committee:Kim Lane Scheppele, Program in Law and Public Affairs, Princeton UniversityMaximo Langer, Law School, University of California at Los AngelesJacqueline Ross, University of Illinois College of Law
The annual workshop continues to be an important forum in which comparative law work in progress can be explored among colleagues in a serious and thorough manner that will be truly helpful to the respective authors.   "Work in progress" means scholarship that has reached a stage at which it is substantial enough to merit serious discussion and critique but that has not yet appeared in print (and can still be revised after the workshop, if it has already been accepted for publication.)   It includes law review articles, book chapters or outlines, substantial book reviews, and other appropriate genres.Our objective is not only to provide an opportunity for the discussion of scholarly work but also to create the opportunity for comparative lawyers to get together for two days devoted to nothing but talking shop, both in the sessions and outside. We hope that this will create synergy that fosters more dialogue, cooperation, and an increased sense of coherence for the discipline.

Friday, 6 March9-9:15Welcome and Opening Remarks9:15-10:45Session 1:  Dan Priel, Osgoode Hall Law School"Conceptions of Authority and the Anglo-American Common Law Divide"Commentators:
James Whitman, LAPA Fellow and Yale Law School
Peter Danchin, CTI Fellow and University of Maryland Law School11:00-12:30Session 2:  Akis Psykgas, University of Bristol"Administrative Democracy in Europe: Expanding the 'Public Space' Through Stakeholder Participation in Regulatory Policymaking"Commentators:
Jacqueline Ross, University of Illinois College of Law
Hans-Martien ten Napel, CTI Fellow and Leiden University Law Faculty1:30-3Session 3:  Kevin Davis, New York University Law School, Maíra Machado and Guillermo Jorge"Coordinating the Enforcement of Anti-Corruption Law:  South American Experiences"Commentators:
Maximo Langer, UCLA Law School
Michelle McKinley, LAPA Fellow and Oregon School of Law3:15-4:45Session 4:  Katharina Schmidt, Yale Law School"Unmasking 'American Legal Exceptionalism': German Free Lawyers, American Legal Realists and the Transatlantic Turn to 'Life,' 1903-1933"Commentators:
Ellen Kennedy, University of Pennsylvania
Jonathan Hafetz, LAPA Fellow and Seton Hall Law School5-6:30Session 5:  Federico Fabbrini, University of Copenhagen Law Faculty"The Euro-Crisis and the Challenges of Legislating in the EU: Designing a Legislative Process Fit to Govern Economic and Monetary Union"Commentators:
Andrew Moravcsik, Princeton University
Carles Boix, Princeton UniversitySaturday, 7 March9-10:30 amSession 6:  Will Smiley, Princeton University"'The Sublime State Would Not Act Contrary to Sharia and Contrary to Promises': An Early Debate on Islamic Law, Treaties, Childhood, and Apostasy"Commentators:
Mark Massoud, University of California at Santa Cruz
Mary Ellen O'Connell, CTI Fellow and Notre Dame Law School10:45-12:15Session 7:  Marie Kim, St. Cloud State University "Travails of Judges:  Judicial Process under Authoritarian Rule in South Korea"Commentators:
David Law, LAPA Fellow and Washington University, St. Louis, Law School
Kim Lane Scheppele, Princeton University
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: T. HIPPLER & M. VEC (eds.), Paradoxes of Peace in Nineteenth Century Europe (Oxford: OUP, 2015), 304 p. ISBN 978-0-19-872799-6, £ 60

(image source: OUP)
Oxford University Press just published Paradoxes of Peace in Nineteenth Century Europe, edited by Thomas Hippler (Lyon/Sciences Po) and Miloš Vec (Vienna).

Book presentation:
'Peace' is often simplistically assumed to be war's opposite, and as such is not examined closely or critically idealized in the literature of peace studies, its crucial role in the justification of war is often overlooked. Starting from a critical view that the value of 'restoring peace' or 'keeping peace' is, and has been, regularly used as a pretext for military intervention, this book traces the conceptual history of peace in nineteenth century legal and political practice. It explores the role of the value of peace in shaping the public rhetoric and legitimizing action in general international relations, international law, international trade, colonialism, and armed conflict. Departing from the assumption that there is no peace as such, nor can there be, it examines the contradictory visions of peace that arise from conflict.

These conflicting and antagonistic visions of peace are each linked to a set of motivations and interests as well as to a certain vision of legitimacy within the international realm. Each of them inevitably conveys the image of a specific enemy that has to be crushed in order to peace being installed. This book highlights the contradictions and paradoxes in nineteenth century discourses and practices of peace, particularly in Europe. Table of contents:
 1: Thomas Hippler and Miloš Vec: Peace as a Polemic Concept: Writing the History of Peace in Nineteenth Century Europe
Part I: International Law
 2: Miloš Vec: From Invisible Peace to the Legitimation of War. Paradoxes of a Concept in 19th Century International Law Doctrine
 3: Eliana Augusti: Peace by Code: Draft Solutions for the Codification of International Law
 4: Kristina Lovric-Pernak: Aim: Peace - Sanction: War. International arbitration and the problem of enforcement
Part II: Economy
 5: Thomas Hopkins: The Limits of 'Cosmopolitical Economy': International Trade and the Nineteenth-Century Nation-State
 6: Niels P. Petersson: The Promise and Threat of Free Trade in a Globalising Economy: A European Perspective
 7: Lea Heimbeck: 4 Legal Avoidance as Peace Instrument. Domination and Pacification through Asymmetric Loan Transactions
Part III: Actors
 8: Matthias Schulz: Paradoxes of a Great Power Peace: The Case of the Concert of Europe
 9: Adrian Brisku: The Holy Alliance as 'An Order of Things Conformable to the Interests of Europe and to the Laws of Religion and Humanity'
 10: Thomas Hippler: From Nationalist Peace to Democratic War: The Peace Congresses in Paris (1849) and Geneva (1867)
 11: Susan Zimmermann: The Politics of Exclusionary Inclusion. Peace Activism and the Struggle on International and Domestic Order in the International Council of Women, 1899 - 1914
Part IV: Values
 12: Oliver Eberl: The Paradox of Peace with 'Savage' and 'Barbarian' Peoples
 13: Stefan Kroll: The Illiberality of Liberal International Law: Religion, Science, and the Peaceful Violence of Civilization
 14: Mustafa Aksakal: Europeanization, Islamization, and the New Imperialism of the Ottoman State
 15: Bo Stråth: Perpetual Peace as Irony, as Utopia, and as Politics  More information on the publisher's website.
Categories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: Eastern Europe and the History of International Law (Leipzig University/L'viv, 26-28 August 2015)/PROJECT: Juridification Processes in International Relations: Eastern European Conflicts and their Influence on International Law since 1850

  (image source: Leipzig University)

The Centre for Humanities and German and Eastern-Europan Culture (Prof. Stefan Troebst) at the University of Leipzig presented its multi-disciplinary research project 'Verrechtlichungsprozesse in den internationalen Beziehungen: Prägungen des Völkerrechts durch Konflikte im östlichen Europa seit 1850' on HSozKult.de. The project centres on a specific Eastern European lecture of the history of international law, focusing on a collective history of the actors.

Scientific events:
- 100 Years On: The Carnegie Report on the Causes and Conduct of the Balkan Wars of 1912/3, Geisteswissenschaftliches Zentrum Geschichte und Kultur Ostmitteleuropas, Leipzig, 4./5. Juli 2013. Publikation in Vorbereitung: Der ‚Carnegie Report on the Causes and Conduct of the Balkan Wars 1912/13’. Wirkungs- und Rezeptionsgeschichte im Völkerrecht und der Historiographie, hg. von Dietmar Müller und Stefan Troebst, Comparativ 6 (2014).
- GWZO-Ringvorlesung SS 2015 zum Thema „Ostmitteleuropäische Prägungen des modernen Völkerrechts“ von April bis Juli 2015, u.a. mit Prof. Dr. Lauri Mälksoo, Prof. Dr. Eric Weitz, Prof. em. Dr. Jost Dülffer, Dr. Cindy Daase, Prof. Dr. Martin Aust, Prof. Dr. Otto Luchterhandt
- East European Cataclysms and the Making of Modern International Law, Geisteswissenschaftlichen Zentrum Geschichte und Kultur Ostmitteleuropas zusammen mit der Nationalen Ivan Franko-Universität L’viv, L’viv 26.-28. August 2015.
Project description (in German):
Seit Januar 2014 arbeitet am Geisteswissenschaftlichen Zentrum Geschichte und Kultur Ostmitteleuropas an der Universität Leipzig (GWZO) unter der Leitung von Prof. Dr. Stefan Troebst und Dr. Dietmar Müller eine mehrköpfige Projektgruppe zum Thema „Verrechtlichungsprozesse in den internationalen Beziehungen: Prägungen des Völkerrechts durch Konflikte im östlichen Europa seit 1850“. Die Forschungen sollen in einem dreibändigen Handbuch münden, in dem die Geschichte von Kongressen, Verträgen und Gerichtsstatuten sowie die von Institutionen und internationalen Organisationen aus ostmitteleuropäischer Perspektive dargestellt werden. Ergänzt wird dies um eine akteurszentrierte, prosopographische Analyse. In der Projektgruppe sind eine Postdoc- sowie eine Doktorandenstelle vakant, die vorzugsweise mit Juristen aus dem Bereich des Völkerrechts und mit Politologen oder Historikern aus dem Bereich der Internationalen Beziehungen respektive der Internationalen Geschichte besetzt werden sollen. Darüber hinaus bietet die Projektgruppe verschiedene Anbindungs- und Finanzierungsmöglichkeiten für die Bearbeitung einschlägiger Themen an. Bewerbungen und inhaltliche Anregungen bitten wir an unten stehende Adresse zu schicken.

Die Verrechtlichung der internationalen Beziehungen in Gestalt des sich dynamisch entwickelnden Völkerrechts ist ein universell angelegtes Projekt der europäischen Moderne. Dennoch weist seine Entstehungsgeschichte einer Reihe von Prinzipien, Regelungsfelder und Regime eine starke regionale Prägung auf. Zuvörderst gilt dies für die Wirkungen des Konfliktgeschehens im östlichen Europa im Zeitalter von Nationalismus und Nationalstaatsbildung. Das Projekt untersucht die Geschichte internationaler Beziehungen und ihrer Verrechtlichung in Form des Völkerrechts sowie zugleich die Geschichte des Völkerrechts als Wissenschaftsgeschichte aus einer ost(mittel)europäischen Prägungsperspektive. Ausgangspunkte dabei sind die Teilungen Polens 1774-1795, der den Krim-Krieg beendende Pariser Friedensschluss von 1856 und der Berliner Kongress von 1878, Untersuchungsschwerpunkte die Pariser Vorortverträge von 1919/20 und die Gründung des Völkerbunds 1920. Ebenfalls im Zentrum des Forschungsinteresses steht die auf den osmanischen Genozid an den Armeniern sowie auf den Holocaust zurückgehende Genozid-Konvention der Vereinten Nationen 1948 sowie die Entwicklung des Völkerstrafrechts von Nürnberg bis Den Haag. Den Schlusspunkt bildet die Herausbildung einer Schutzverantwortung der Staatengemeinschaft (Responsibility to Protect), wie sie als Folge des Eingreifens der NATO in Serbien 1999 zur Anwendung kam und 2008 in der Gründung des neuen Staates Kosova resultierte. Aufgrund ihrer historischen Strukturmerkmale war im östlichen Europa die Konfliktdichte zur Zeit des Übergangs vom klassischen zum modernen Völkerrecht sowie das gesamte 20. Jahrhundert hindurch außerordentlich hoch. Die wiederholten und häufig dramatischen Veränderungen der politischen Landkarte, bedingt durch imperialen Zerfall, zeitverschobene Nations- und Nationalstaatsbildung, Großmachteinfluß, diktatorische Herrschaft, religiöse Pluralität, sprachliche Vielfalt und ethnische Diversität, bewirkten unmittelbar erhöhten regionalen Regelungsbedarf, der sich mittelbar in Neuerungen im Völkerrecht niederschlug. Dieser Kausalzusammenhang ist zugleich Grund dafür, dass ein hoher Anteil an prominenten Theoretikern wie Praktikern des Völkerrechts aus der Osthälfte Europas, hier vor allem aus Minderheitengruppen, stammt.
Das Projekt verknüpft Fragestellungen der Disziplinen Völkerrechtsgeschichte, Geschichte der internationalen Beziehungen sowie Ost- und Südosteuropäische Geschichte mit dem Ziel, die zentrale Arbeitshypothese von einer maßgeblich ost-, ostmittel- und südosteuropäisch geprägten Völkerrechtsentwicklung von der Internationalisierung der Orientalischen Frage bis zum postjugoslawischen Staatenbildungsschub zu überprüfen. Das Projekt weist dabei Berührungspunkte zur Völkerrechts- und Diplomatiegeschichtsschreibung, weiterhin zu „New Approaches to International Law“, zu „Critical Legal Studies“ und zur osteuropabezogenen Teildisziplin der Geschichtswissenschaft sowie darüber hinaus zu aktuellen Forschungsansätzen wie einer „New International History“ und einer Kulturgeschichte des Politischen auf. Zudem gibt es der geschichtsregionalen Konzeption „Ostmitteleuropa“ eine neue Dimension, nämlich diejenige einer auf nationale Akteure, transnationale Institutionen und Völkerrechtsregime fokussierte historischen Kulturwissenschaft. Researchers involved:
Stefan Troebst: Die jüdisch-deutsche Völkerrechtlersymbiose im Ostmitteleuropa der Zwischenkriegszeit
Dietmar Müller: Forschungen zur Institutionalisierung des Völkerrechts. Akteure, Normen und internationale Organisationen
1) Die Europäische Donaukommission (1856–1945) in der Völkerrechtsgeschichte
2) Anfänge des Völkerstrafrechts in der Zwischenkriegszeit. Vespasian Pella und Raphael Lemkin
Adamantios Skordos: Südosteuropa als völkerrechtsprägende Geschichtsregion: Nationale Homogenisierungsprozesse – ethnopolitische Gewalt – internationale Konfliktregulierung (19.-21. Jahrhundert)
Arno Trültzsch: Jugoslawien als Mitinitiator der Blockfreien-Bewegung – Völkerrechtsinnovationen, Institutionalisierungsversuche und außenpolitische Identität (1948–1991)
Cindy Daase (assoziiert): Warfare und Lawfare - Völkerrechtschlachten am Verhandlungstisch. Völkerrechtsrhetorik in der Beilegung und Aufrechterhalten von (eingefrorenen) Konflikten im östlichen Europa seit dem Ende des Kalten Krieges
Stephan Stach (assoziiert): Misslungene Staatsgründungen und das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Völker im östlichen Europa, 1918–1923
 Find out more here, as well as on the project's website.
Categories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: "NUALS Law Journal, 9th Volume: extended deadline"

The NUALS Law Journal has extended its deadline for submission for its 9th Volume. It is now accepting articles till the 15th of March, 2015.  
The Editorial Board of the National University of Advanced Legal Studies (NUALS) Law Journal solicits submissions for its 9th Volume. The NUALS Law Journal is the flagship law review of the National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Cochin and is a multidisciplinary, “double-blind”, peer reviewed journal.
They welcome submissions from academicians, legal practitioners, students, researchers and experts from the legal community. All submissions will go through a review process and if necessary, be edited by the Editorial Board.
We accept submissions under the following categories:
- Articles between 3000 and 6000 words (inclusive of footnotes). Articles exceeding the word limit may be considered on merit.Short Notes and Commentaries between 1000 and 3000 words.
Submission Guidelines:
1. Submissions are to be made in electronic form only and are to be sent to journalnuals@gmail.com
2. The deadline for submission for the current issue has been extended to 15th of March, 2015.
3. Each Article is expected to be accompanied by an abstract of not more than 150 words.
4. Submission must contain a covering letter indicating name of the author(s), affiliation, and e-mail id.
5. The identity of the author should not be revealed in the text of the essay in any manner whatsoever.
6. By submitting an Article, the author is presumed to undertake that the article is an original work and has not been submitted, accepted or published elsewhere.
7. Articles found plagiarised will be summarily rejected.
8. Co-authorship is allowed (maximum of 2 authors).
Formatting Guidelines
1. All submissions must follow the system of citation as provided for in the 19th edition of The Bluebook.
2. Submissions must be in Times New Roman with font size 12 and line spacing 1.5
3. Footnotes must be in Times New Roman with font size 10 and line spacing 1
4. Submissions may be made in .doc/.docx/.odt formats only.
Receipt of submission will be conveyed to the authors within one week of submission.
Authors of selected articles shall be intimated by 15th of April.
For further details or queries, please contact us at journalnuals@gmail.com

Categories: Comparative Law News