Students must complete a minimum of 700 hours to satisfy the practicum requirements.
|Direct client contact||300|
The following timeline describes the typical flow of practicum and internship experiences.
The First Year
In their first year, students enroll in several courses teaching basic assessment and interviewing skills, i.e., Psyc 615/616, 617/618, and 780. Each course has a didactic, classroom portion though students also practice skills with other students. As well, they are introduced to their first clinical cases and receive supervision preparing them for psychotherapy training in the second year.
The Second Year
In their second year, students enroll in Practicum 1 (Psyc-620). This psychotherapy practicum is completed in the department’s in-house clinic, allowing us to sequence, monitor, and individualize activities for maximum educational benefit.
The exact number of hours varies somewhat across students depending on their activities but this is viewed as a one day/week practicum totaling approximately 256 hours, calculated as: 32 weeks x 1 day/week x 8 hours/day = 256. The breakdown of hours is approximately (see below for definitions):
|ACTIVITY||Hours||% Total HRS|
|Direct client contact||100||39|
|Supervision||51 (including 38 individual)||20 / 15|
The Third Year
In their third year, students enroll in Practicum 2 (Psyc-706) that involves approximately 384 hours of training (32 weeks x 1.5 days/week x 8 hours/day). To provide breadth of training and initial specialization, this occurs in an external hospital or clinic site. Students discuss their training goals with the practicum/internship coordinator during the fall of their second year and apply for an external placement for the following year. Placement offers are made early in the new year on APPIC match day. Students are expected to display a greater sense of confidence and autonomy in their clinical work in Practicum 2. The breakdown of hours is approximately (see below for definitions):
|ACTIVITY||Hours||% Total HRS|
|Direct client contact||150||39|
|Supervision||77 (including 56 individual)||20 / 15|
The Fourth Year and Above
In their fourth year, students enroll in Practicum 3 (Psyc-732) that involves approximately 128 hours of training (32 weeks x 0.5 days/week x 8 hours/day). This practicum is also completed in the department’s in-house clinic but with a greater focus on the development of supervision skills by supervising junior practicum students.
If their research is sufficiently advanced, additional practicum training is consistent with their career goals, and they have permission of the Practicum and Internship Director, a student can also enroll in the optional Practicum 4 (Psyc-733).
Alternatively, a student can begin their one-year predoctoral internship (Psyc 707 & 708). This can be completed either as one full-time one-year experience or two half-time one-year experiences. If they want to complete their internship in the McGill Psychology Internship Consortium (MPIC), they need to discuss their training goals with the internship director and apply for placements. By virtue of being in the Clinical Program they are already accepted into the general MPIC program though acceptance by specific consortial sites is not guaranteed.
On the other hand, if they want to complete their internship locally outside the MPIC network or outside Montreal, this is done usually via the APPIC match program. Application for an internship obtained through APPIC is more complicated but a number of students have successfully obtained internships this way in recent years.
Overall, the internship is a minimum 1600 hour experience with at least 400 hours of direct client contact and 200 hours of supervision, 150 of which should be individual supervision.
Common Practicum/Internship Terms:
Direct client contact refers to face-to-face clinical activity (e.g., assessment, intervention, or consultation conducted in-person or virtually) with a client OR a member of their personal network (e.g., teacher, parent, employer). Other forms client contact such as electronic chats and talking on the telephone can count if the activity involves the delivery of psychological services.
Individual supervision refers to one-on-one supervision provided by a licensed psychologist or other licensed health care professional who has the primary legal responsibility for the clinical activity.
Support activities refers to tasks such as note keeping, report writing, file management, case presentations, and consultation that aren’t included as part of supervision, as well as attending rounds, treatment planning, reading and learning about new testing and treatment methods, etc.