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Mobilizing marriage and masculinities in times of war: Debates about forced marriage in international criminal law

Mercredi, 7 février, 2018 13:00à14:30
Pavillon Chancellor-Day NCDH 202, 3644, rue Peel, Montréal, QC, H3A 1W9, CA

La Faculté de droit accueille la professeure Annie Bunting, York University, pour un atelier Annie MacDonald Langstaff.


[Anglais seulement] Forced marriage has recently formed the basis for charges of crimes against humanity in two cases before the International Criminal Court and the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia. This new crime against humanity – coming within the category of an "other inhumane act" – was not included in the Rome Statute for the ICC nor the statute establishing the ECCC.

This paper will first explore the way in which expectations concerning marriage and gender were mobilized by the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) in Uganda and by the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia between 1975 and 1979.  While two very different oppressive regimes, the LRA and the Khmer Rouge raise interesting comparative analyses of the use of marriage as a tool of war. Second, this paper will take up the defenses' claims in both cases that, since arranged or forced marriages were commonplace in Uganda and Cambodia, what happened in war or under the oppressive regime ought not be found to be a crime against humanity. Comparing the institution of marriage in times of peace relative to its mobilization in conflict puts the questions of consent, forced labour, and violence in marriage in sharp relief.

La conférencière

[Anglais seulement]Annie Bunting is an Associate Professor in the Law & Society program at York University in Toronto, teaching in the areas of legal pluralism and human rights. Professor Bunting is a graduate of York, having studied law at Osgoode Hall Law School (1988). She received her LL.M. from the London School of Economics and Political Science (1991) and her S.J.D. from the Faculty of Law, University of Toronto (1999).

Her research expertise includes socio-legal studies of marriage and childhoods, feminist international law, and culture, religion and law. Her recent edited collections include: Marriage by Force? Contestation over Consent and Coercion in Africa (with Lawrance and Roberts) Ohio Univ. Press (2016); and Contemporary Slavery: Popular Rhetoric and Political Practice (with Joel Quirk), UBC Press, Law & Society Series (2017).

Les ateliers

Créés en 1988 en l'honneur d'Annie MacDonald Langstaff, BCL 1914, la première femme à obtenir un diplôme en droit au Québec, ces ateliers servent de forum aux universitaires, juges, avocats et personnes travaillant au sein de la communauté pour présenter le fruit de leurs recherches universitaires ou pour donner un aperçu de leur pratique sur des sujets relatifs aux femmes et au droit.

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