Comparative Law News

ADVANCE ARTICLES: Comparative Legal History

(image source: Routledge)
"Spirit without letter: How volkish Nazi law falls outside Fuller’s and Hart’s concepts of law" (Gavin Byrne)

"From sovereignty to modernity: revisiting the Colebrooke-Cameron Reforms – transforming the Buddhist and colonial imaginary in nineteenth century Ceylon" (Niranjan Casinader, Roshan De Silva Wijeyaratne & Lee Godden)

"An itinerary on Latin-American legal historiography" (Abelardo Levaggi)

"Late to the party: chronicling the role of the courts in the continuing evolution of UK public law" (Robert Brett Taylor)

"Legal traditions. A dialogue between comparative law and comparative legal history" (Thomas Duve)

"Review Article: What is (or perhaps should be) the relationship between legal history and legal theory?" (Geoffrey Samuel)

"Book Review: The Church of England and divorce in the twentieth century: legalism and grace" (Henry Kha)

"Book Review: Human rights after Hitler: the lost history of prosecuting axis war crimes" (Tom Buchanan)

For more information, go to Taylor&Francis online.
Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PROPOSALS: Sources in Early Modern Economics, Ethics, and Law (Second Series) (Christian's Library Press Series)

(image source: Acton Institute)Continuing in the line of its predecessor, this series publishes original English translations and editions of early modern religious texts in the disciplines of economics, ethics, and law. Representing a variety of confessional traditions and methodological approaches, these texts uncover the foundations of the development of these and related disciplines.General EditorsAndrew M. McGinnis, Acton Institute, USA
Wim Decock, KU Leuven, BelgiumEditorial BoardJordan J. Ballor, Acton Institute, USA
Christiane Birr, Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, Germany
Stephen Bogle, University of Glasgow, Scotland
Alejandro Chafuen, Acton Institute, USA
Ricardo Crespo, Universidad Austral and CONICET, Argentina
Virpi Mäkinen, University of Helsinki, Finland
Richard A. Muller, Calvin Theological Seminary, USA
Herman Selderhuis, Theological University Apeldoorn, The Netherlands
John Witte Jr., Emory Law School, USA
Zhibin Xie, Tongji University, China
Call for proposals
CLP ACADEMIC, AN IMPRINT OF THE ACTON INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF RELIGION LIBERTY, is pleased to announce a call for proposals for works to appear in Sources in Early Modern Economics, Ethics, and Law (Second Series). This series publishes original English translations and editions of early modern religious texts in the disciplines of economics, ethics, and law. In the modern era these disciplines often have been detached from the religious and theological context in which they developed. This series seeks to uncover the early modern religious foundations and contexts of these and related disciplines and to provide access to previously inaccessible texts that will contribute to interdisciplinary research. Proposals must be for either an original English translation of a work from the early modern period (ca. 1450-1725) or an edition of a previously unpublished English work from that period (e.g., a work existing only in manuscript). For the purposes of this series, the disciplines of economics, ethics, and law are broadly understood, and proposed texts may include works in the fields of political economy, moral philosophy, moral theology, social ethics, ecclesiastical law, civil law, and common law, as well as theological works that significantly engage one or more of these fields. Proposals for a translation or edition of a complete, single work are preferred, though proposals for selections of writings by a single author, or for an anthology of related selections from multiple authors, will also be considered. 
Practical details:SEND PROPOSALS AS AN EMAIL ATTACHMENT TO AMCGINNIS@ACTON.ORG PROPOSALS SHOULD INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING ELEMENTS:
• bibliographic information on the source text and its authoritative early modern edition(s)
• list of any modern editions or translations of the work
• names and contact information for the proposed translator(s) or editor(s)
• word count of the original source text (approximate) brief English summary of the text (approximately 350 words)
• description of the text's significance in its own era andfor students and scholars today
See flyer for more practical details.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Jean-François NIORT and Olivier PLUEN, eds., Esclavage, traite et exploitation des êtres humains. Du Code Noir à nos jours (Paris, 2018). ISBN 9782247159000, €52.00


(Source: Librairie LGDJ)
Dalloz has just published a book on legal historical aspects of France’s involvement with slavery and the slave trade, on the basis of the colloquium “Esclavage et droit du Code Noir à nos jours” which was held in 2015.
ABOUT
Loin d'être un phénomène révolu et propre à l'époque coloniale, les diverses formes d'asservissement et d'exploitation des êtres humains sont en pleine expansion et constituent l'un des grands défis planétaires du xxie siècle. En 2016, l'ONG spécialisée Walk Free estimait en effet à près de 46 millions le nombre de personnes réduites en esclavage ou soumises à des pratiques analogues dont la traite, la servitude et le travail forcé.

La France, à l'instar des autres États européens, n'est pas épargnée, et a été contrainte de réagir avec la loi du 5 août 2013 et le Plan d'action national triennal de lutte contre la traite des êtres humains lancé l'année suivante. Le colloque dont est issu le présent ouvrage s'est donné pour ambition d'étudier les modalités du dispositif français de lutte contre ces atteintes, d'en évaluer l'application concrète, et de dégager des perspectives d'amélioration, notamment par le biais des rapports de la Commission nationale consultative des droits de l'homme (CNCDH), autorité de référence à cet égard.

Cependant, dans le sillage des liens officiels établis par les institutions internationales comme l'UNESCO entre passé et présent, ainsi qu'à travers le choix du lieu du colloque - la Guadeloupe, territoire marqué par l'esclavage colonial français et son héritage -, le but était également de revenir sur les aspects mémoriels et historiques de ces pratiques, en faisant notamment le point sur les dernières avancées scientifiques à ce sujet, et d'évoquer au passage la question des « réparations ».

Au-delà, l'ouvrage propose une vue rétrospective d'ensemble, du Code Noir à nos jours, soulignant la continuité temporelle du phénomène malgré les abolitions, mais aussi des analyses et des réflexions critiques, de même qu'un certain nombre de propositions d'ordre théorique et pratique, telle que la constitutionnalisation de la prohibition de l'esclavage, à l'exemple d'autres pays.

Sous la direction de Jean-François Niort et Olivier Pluen.
Contributeurs : Jacques Adélaïde-Merlande, Jean Allain, Mamadou Badji, Jacques Bangou, André Bendjebbar, Pierre H. Boulle, Frédéric Charlin, Geneviève Colas, Alexandre Deroche, Didier Destouches, Marcel Dorigny, Prosper Ève, Pascale Forestier, Laurence Hibade, Mehdi Keita, Gérard Lafleur, Jim Lapin, Christine Lazerges, Anne Lebel, Éric de Mari, Jean-François Niort, Éric Panloup, Olivier Pluen, Frédéric Régent, Jérémy Richard.
More information with the publisher
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Richard DUNLEY, Britain and the Mine, 1900-1915 : Culture, Strategy and International Law (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018). ISBN 978-3-319-72820-9, $ 109.00


(Source: Palgrave Macmillan)
Palgrave Macmillan has just published a book on mine warfare, international law, and Britain’s relationship with these issues during the early 20th century.
ABOUT THE BOOK
This book examines Britain’s complex relationship with the mine in the years 1900-1915. The development of mine warfare represented a unique mix of challenges and opportunities for Britain in the years before the First World War. The mine represented the antithesis of British maritime culture in material form, and attempts were made to limit its use under international law. At the same time, mine warfare offered the Royal Navy a solution to its most difficult strategic problem. Richard Dunley explores the contested position occupied by the mine in the attitudes of British policy makers, and in doing so sheds new light on the overlapping worlds of culture, strategy and international law. 
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
Richard Dunley is Principal Records Specialist at the National Archives, UK. His previous publications examine British defence, strategic and foreign policy in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction Pages 1-7Mining in a Cultural Context Pages 9-21British Attitudes to Mining Before 1904 Pages 23-44Mine Warfare in the Russo-Japanese War: The Royal Navy Perspective Pages 45-71The Russo-Japanese War: Outrage and Reaction Pages 73-95Mining and International Law: Britain and the Hague Conference Pages 97-130The Strategic Shift: The Origins of British Mine Warfare Pages 131-163Development and Institutionalisation: Offensive Mining 1906–1909 Pages 165-192Strategic Flux and Technical Failure Pages 193-224The Test of Conflict Pages 225-266War, Law and Diplomacy Pages 267-295Conclusion Pages 297-303
More information with thepublisher
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Howard PASHMAN, Building a Revolutionary State : The Legal Transformation of New York, 1776-1783 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2018). ISBN 9780226334356, $90.00


(Source: University of Chicago Press)
University of Chicago Press has just published a book on the legal transformation of New York during the Revolutionary War.
ABOUT THE BOOK
How does a popular uprising transform itself from the disorder of revolution into a legal system that carries out the daily administration required to govern? Americans faced this question during the Revolution as colonial legal structures collapsed under the period’s disorder. Yet by the end of the war, Americans managed to rebuild their courts and legislatures, imbuing such institutions with an authority that was widely respected. This remarkable transformation came about in unexpected ways. Howard Pashman here studies the surprising role played by property redistribution—seizing it from Loyalists and transferring it to supporters of independence—in the reconstruction of legal order during the Revolutionary War.
Building a Revolutionary State looks closely at one state, New York, to understand the broader question of how legal structures emerged from an insurgency.  By examining law as New Yorkers experienced it in daily life during the war, Pashman reconstructs a world of revolutionary law that prevailed during America’s transition to independence. In doing so, Pashman explores a central paradox of the revolutionary era:  aggressive enforcement of partisan property rules actually had stabilizing effects that allowed insurgents to build legal institutions that enjoyed popular support.  Tracing the transformation from revolutionary disorder to legal order, Building a New Revolutionary State gives us a radically fresh way to understand the emergence of new states.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Howard Pashman is an associate attorney at Karlin Associates, LLC in Chicago. He was a research fellow at the Indiana University Center on the Global Legal Profession.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
AcknowledgmentsAbbreviationsIntroduction1. Law and Property in Colonial New York2. Confronting Disorder3. A Bonanza of Tory Goods4. The Enemies of the StateConclusionAppendixNotesBibliographyIndex
More information with the publisher
Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: La Renaissance dans la pensée juridique (XIXe-XXe siècles) (Bordeaux, 7-8 March 2019), DEADLINE 29 SEPTEMBER 2018


(Source: Université de Bordeaux)
Via Hi-D, we have the following call for papers for a conference on the role of the Renaissance in legal thought during the 19th and 20th century:
La Renaissance dans la pensée juridique (XIXe -XXe siècles)
Colloque Université de Bordeaux
7 et 8 mars 2019
Malgré les mutations fondamentales qui se déploient entre 1789 et 1804, pour de nombreux auteurs des XIXe et XXe siècles, le seizième siècle apparaît comme l’époque la plus brillante de l’histoire de la jurisprudence moderne, et les œuvres comme les auteurs d’Ancien Régime continuent de jouer dans la pensée juridique contemporaine un rôle non négligeable. Cette importance du XVIe siècle, période charnière de la Renaissance en France, apparaît dans un certain nombre de déclarations fameuses : Savigny assure ainsi que c’est alors que « la science du droit eut véritablement le grand et noble caractère, qu’elle n’a jamais retrouvé depuis » ; Bardoux y voit l’« époque doctrinale » par excellence ; Ginoulhiac une époque de législation, comme une époque de science, et le Répertoire Dalloz le temps du « grand essor de l’esprit juriste français ». Aux yeux de nombreux juristes, jusqu’à nos jours, Cujas, Doneau, Le Douaren, Du Moulin et quelques autres apparaissent durablement comme de « grands jurisconsultes », « fondateurs de la jurisprudence française ». Ceux qu’inspire dès le XIXe siècle la méthode historique dans la science du droit n’hésitent pas à mobiliser dans leurs travaux une liste importante d’autorités d’Ancien Régime : Ricard, Furgole, Bourjon, Lebrun, Coquille, Prévost de La Janès, Pothier, Domat comme, bien sûr, Du Moulin. Tandis que la jurisprudence consacre encore certaines de leurs thèses, la doctrine s’efforce de « renouer la chaîne des temps » avec le droit romain et l’Ancien Régime, occultant au passage certaines innovations de la codification napoléonienne. Certes, les progrès de l’histoire et le développement d’un esprit de libre examen promu dès le milieu du XIXe siècle contrecarrent quelque peu ces perspectives. Tandis que l’« école des praticiens » en appelle à une évolution du raisonnement et du statut des sources de la réflexion juridique, le poids des autorités traditionnelles se heurte au développement d’un esprit critique et à une prise en considération plus grande des décisions de justice. Si l’autorité des « vieux auteurs » reste centrale aux yeux de divers auteurs, offrant « nourriture solide » et « mâles instructions », leurs œuvres peuvent désormais apparaître comme constituant un « lourd et embarrassant fardeau » à ne pas mettre entre les mains de tous ceux qui étudient le droit. De fait, dans la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle, l’usage qui est fait de leurs œuvres se révèle plus parcimonieuse. Certains civilistes se méfient de l’élément historique en matière juridique et, leurs œuvres n’étant plus réimprimées, l’audience des jurisconsultes de la Renaissance se réduit.
À la fin du XIXe siècle, avec l’érection de l’histoire du droit en discipline autonome voire en science « sérieuse », dans le cadre d’une étude « minutieuse » des documents juridiques du passé, l’attention portée à l’histoire de la pensée juridique du XVIe siècle et aux auteurs de la période se maintient cependant. Tandis que certaines institutions de la Renaissance française font l’objet de scrupuleuses études, telles les universités, les vies des anciens jurisconsultes et leurs doctrines sont mobilisées. Le tout n’est pas sans contribuer à la révélation d’une histoire juridique à la gloire de diverses formes de particularisme nationaliste, ainsi qu’une certaine conception du progrès juridique et social. Les cours, ouvrages et traités consacrés au Code civil qui continuent de s’intéresser à ces questions comme les travaux plus spécifiquement dédiés à l’histoire du droit servent l’écriture d’un récit national à la gloire d’une école juridique et d’un « esprit juridique » français (F. Audren, J.-L. Halpérin). L’importance accordée à un auteur comme Du Moulin le révèle : tandis que ses travaux si essentiels sur les coutumes contribuent à mettre en lumière l’identité juridique nationale dont le Code civil est l’expression aboutie, il est embrigadé, avec bien d’autres jurisconsultes humanistes, « dans un discours historiographique téléologique dont la vocation essentielle demeure de paver la voie à la formation d’un droit national français qui culmine dans l’ère des codes » (A. Wijffels). Il contribue à la mise en place d’un schéma d’interprétation de la construction de l’État et du droit français qui fait la part belle à une vision tout aussi évolutionniste que continuiste (J.- L. Halpérin).
 Ces perspectives téléologiques et utilitaristes se poursuivront dans la plupart des grands manuels d’histoire du droit du début du XXe siècle, lesquels insistent sur la fécondité de cette école juridique française dont sont sortis tant d’hommes illustres, à commencer par cet « homme de génie » que fut Du Moulin, sur l’importance des institutions de l’époque (la coutume…), et, au fond, sur l’importance d’un XVI e siècle qui ne cesse d’apparaître non seulement comme « l’âge d'or de la jurisprudence en France », celui de « l’immense travail de la rédaction des coutumes », mais aussi celui de « toutes les grandes ordonnances », et celui d’une pléiade de jurisconsultes illustres, « tels par leur savoir et leur sens juridique, qu’on peut les mettre à côté de ceux de la grande époque romaine ». C’est bien de là que « notre droit moderne est sorti » et là qu’eut lieu « le grand essor de l’esprit juriste français ».
C’est toute l’importance de cette période charnière de la Renaissance dans l’histoire de la pensée juridique française et européenne que ce colloque entend interroger. Cette recherche pourra suivre diverses orientations pour envisager :
- la place prise par les institutions de la Renaissance dans l’écriture de l’histoire du droit comme dans celle des réflexions relatives aux institutions aux XIXe et XXe siècles - l’importance accordée aux idées et aux auteurs de la Renaissance dans l’élaboration des doctrines civilistes et publicistes comme dans les travaux des historiens du droit - l’importance accordée dans les bibliothèques et dans l’histoire de l’édition aux œuvres de la Renaissance - le développement de perspectives historiographiques particulières dans l’histoire de la pensée juridique : ainsi l’importance accordée au mos gallicus dans le cadre de la défense de l’esprit juridique français, comme les difficultés dans ce cadre à s’ouvrir aux travaux relatifs au ius commune - un regard sur ce qui se passe en Europe : on sait la place prise par la Renaissance dans la construction de certaines idéologies à l’étranger (ainsi chez Carl Schmitt par exemple)
 Les propositions sont à renvoyer à Géraldine Cazals (geraldine.cazals@univ-rouen.fr) et Nader Hakim (nader.hakim@icloud.com) avant le 30 septembre 2018.
Bibliographie indicative : Audren F., « Ecrire l’histoire du droit français : science du politique, histoire et géographie chez Henri Klimrath (1807-1837), dans Histoire de l'histoire du droit, dir. J. Poumarède, Études d’histoire du droit et des idées politiques, n° 10/2006, p. 113-131. Audren F., Halpérin J.-L., La culture juridique française. Entre mythes et réalités (XIXe - XXe siècles), Paris, CNRS éditions, 2013. Barenot P. N., Hakim N., « La jurisprudence et la doctrine : retour sur une relation clef de la pensée juridique française contemporaine », Quaderni fiorientini per la storia del pensiero giuridico moderno, 41, 2012, p. 251-297. Cazals G., « Molinaeus noster. Charles Du Moulin (1500-1566), prince des juristes, praticien engagé et fondateur de l’école juridique française. Un modèle de jurisconsulte dans la France du XIXe siècle », dans Mélanges en l’honneur de Jean-Louis Thireau, dir. Anne DobignyReverso, Xavier Prévost et Nicolas Warembourg, à paraître. Cherfouh F., Hakim N, « L’histoire de la pensée juridique contemporaine : hétérogénéité et expansion », dans L’Histoire du droit en France. Nouvelles tendances, nouveaux territoires, Bernard d’Alteroche et Jacques Krynen (dir.), éd. Garnier, 2014, p. 117-143. Fergusson, Wallace K., La Renaissance dans la pensée historique (1950), rééd. Paris, Payot, 2009. Hakim N., « Continuità o rottura nella storia del pensiero giuridico ? Esegesi, transtestualità e positivismo legalistico del Cours de Code Napoléon di Charles Demolombe », Historia et Ius, Rivista di storia giuridica dell’età medievale e moderna, www.historiaetius.eu - 12/2017 - paper 2 (version italienne d’un article à paraître en français dans Mélanges en l’honneur de Jean-Louis Thireau, Mare&Martin, 2018). Halpérin J.-L., « Est-il temps de déconstruire les mythes de l’histoire du droit français ? », Clio@Themis, 5, 2012, en ligne. Halpérin J.-L., « La lecture de Pothier par la doctrine du XIXe siècle », dans Robert-Joseph Pothier, d’hier à aujourd’hui, dir. J. Monéger, J-L. Sourioux et A. Terrasson de Fougères, Paris, 2001, p. 65-75. Jouanjan O. (dir.), « L’esprit de l’école historique du droit », Annales de la Faculté de droit de Strasbourg, nouvelle série, n°7, 2004. Jouanjan O. Une histoire de la pensée juridique en Allemagne (1800-1918), Paris, PUF, 2005. Sturmell P., « L’école historique française du droit a-t-elle existé ? », Rechtsgeschichte : Zeitschrift des Max-Planck-Instituts für Europäische Rechtsgeschichte, 2002, p. 90-121. Wijffels A., « Le ius commune européen : ‘‘harang rouge’’ de l’approche comparative des traditions juridiques anglaise et française », Clio@Themis, 5, 2012, en ligne.
Organisateurs : Géraldine Cazals : geraldine.cazals@univ-rouen.fr Nader Hakim : nader.hakim@icloud.com

(Source: Hi-D)
Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: International Conference - A Century of Internationalisms: The Promise and Legacies of the League of Nations (Lisbon, 19-20 September 2019), DEADLINE 31 OCTOBER 2018


(Source: Wikipedia)
Via H-Law, we have the following CFP for an international conference on the League of Nations:
Call for Papers
Lisbon, 19-20 September 2019
Intergovernmental organizations – understood as multilateral institutions created by sovereign states, with their own permanent structures and charged with the long-term pursuit of common goals – are tools for promoting the peaceful resolution of conflicts and facilitating cooperation. By establishing permanent dialogue between governments and trying to promote cooperative relations between peoples at a global level, intergovernmental organizations are a fundamental new element of global politics in the contemporary era. The genealogy and nature of intergovernmental organizations has therefore been the subject of highly relevant political controversy as well as significant debate in academia.
Established in January 1920, at the end of the First World War, the League of Nations was the first permanent multilateral organization set up to maintain peace and collective security, aiming at promoting a new stable and prosperous international order. Although it was meant to be in principle a global organization, European states de facto were the central core of founding members. After a decade, it became increasingly clear that the League’s performance in addressing major conflicts did not live up to the expectations of guarantying the collective security of member states. Resolutions and sanctions were ineffective against increasingly violent conflicts. In the functional areas, regarding minority rights and in the oversight of the role of imperial powers in mandate territories, the League of Nations created an important precedent but also showed important limitations.
With the suspension of the activities of the League of Nations with the beginning of the Second World War and its subsequent replacement came the idea of a total failure of the League of Nations. But current studies have pointed in new directions in the analysis of the knowledge of the organization. This rehabilitation of the importance of the critical study of the League of Nations has led to new and different readings of its various facets. It is, nevertheless, important to pursue these new approaches not only from an institutional perspective, but also by a more multidimensional and comparative analysis that does greater justice to the rich and important history of the organization. The tools of International History, Global and Transnational History, History of Ideas, Comparative History, Social History, Labour History, History of Communications, History of Health, History of Migration and others allow us to consider the presence and the role of the League of Nations in various scales and spaces, as well as its relationship with a diversity of actors and themes.
The relevance of the League of Nations is also justified by how topical and important many of the issues with which it struggled still are. The growing globalization and mobility of the contemporary era, voluntary or not, generates global problems and norms with enormous national and local impact. It has been in and through intergovernmental organizations that global regimes have been defined in a variety of areas – human rights, drug trafficking, terrorism and refugees. This brings us to the controversial but arguably indispensable role of multilateral organizations in international governance, as standards-makers and managers of the problems and challenges of contemporary societies which require a global response.
To promote the debate between those who study the League of Nations and connected topics we will organize an interdisciplinary conference to be held in Lisbon on 19 and 20 September 2019.
The keynote speakers are:- Erez Manela (Harvard University)- Mark Mazower (Columbia University) – to be confirmed- Nicolas Werth (CNRS)- Patricia Clavin (University of Oxford)- Patrick Finney (Aberystwyth University)- Philippe Rygiel (École Normale Supérieure - Lyon)- William Mulligan (University College Dublin)
Proposals for 20-minute presentations on issues related to the League of Nations will be accepted, including but not limited to the following topics:
- The genealogy of the concept of intergovernmental organizations;- Concepts and methodologies for the study of intergovernmental organizations;- History of intergovernmental organizations;- The Paris peace talks, the Peace Treaties and the creation of the League of Nations;- Institutional structure and dynamics of the League of Nations;- The League of Nations and the relationship with its member states;- The League of Nations and international civil service;- The League of Nations and international peace and security;- The League of Nations and the rights of minorities and refugees;- The League of Nations, empires and international mandates;- The League of Nations, social issues and the International Labour Organization (ILO);- The League of Nations and technical areas;- The League of Nations and non-state actors;- The League of Nations and other international organizations;- The League of Nations, international law and justice;- The transition from the League of Nations to the United Nations (UN).
Abstracts of presentations (300 words) and biographical notes (250 words) should be sent in English or French or Portuguese to:sdnconferencialisboa@gmail.com                                                     Deadline for submission of abstracts: 31 October 2018.Date of notification of acceptance: 15 December 2018.
N.B. Submissions can be made in English, French or Portuguese. However, to facilitate debate the organizers encourage participants to use English in their oral presentation.
A publication of some of the papers presented at the conference is a future aim.The registration will have a fee of 25 EUR.
Organizing CommitteeAurora Almada e Santos (IHC – NOVA FCSH)Cristina Rodrigues (IHC – NOVA FCSH)Bruno Cardoso Reis (ISCTE-IUL)João Paulo Avelãs Nunes (CEIS20 – Universidade de Coimbra)Pedro Aires Oliveira (IHC – NOVA FCSH)Yvette Santos (IHC – NOVA FCSH)
Scientific CommitteeÁlvaro Garrido (CEIS20 – Universidade de Coimbra)Aurora Almada e Santos (IHC – NOVA FCSH)Bruno Cardoso Reis (ISCTE-IUL)Cristina Rodrigues (IHC – NOVA FCSH)Erez Manela (Harvard University)Fernando Tavares Pimenta (IPRI – NOVA FCSH)Filipe Ribeiro Meneses (Maynooth University)Hipolito de la Torre Gómez (UNED)Luís Nuno Rodrigues (ISCTE-IUL)Maria Manuela Tavares Ribeiro (CEIS20 – Universidade de Coimbra)Mark Mazower (Columbia University)Nicolas Werth (CNRS)Patricia Clavin (University of Oxford)Patrick Finney (Aberystwyth University)Pedro Aires Oliveira (IHC – NOVA FCSH)Philippe Rygiel (École Normale Supérieure - Lyon)William Mulligan (University College Dublin)Yvette Santos (IHC – NOVA FCSH)
Institutional SponsorshipDiplomatic Institute / Portuguese Ministry for Foreign Affairs
(Source: H-Law)
Categories: Comparative Law News

JOB OFFER: Postdoctoral Research Associates (Max Planck Institute for European Legal History), DEADLINE 22 MAY 2018


(Source: MPI for European Legal History)
The Max Planck Institute for European Legal History is looking to recruit up to two Postdoctoral Research Associates. Here the communication:
We are a leading research institute in the field of European legal history.We are looking to recruitup to two Postdoctoral Research Associatesfrom 1 October 2018 or as soon as possible thereafter
for the following research fields in the department of Professor Stefan Vogenauer:
(1) Legal Transfer in the Common Law World;
(2) Legal History of the European Union
 

Your tasks
You will develop, co-ordinate and pursue an independent project in one of the two research fields. Your research will turn on
(1) the development of rules, principles, doctrines and institutions of English law outside England, for example in selected jurisdictions of the British Empire; or
(2) the legal history of selected areas of EU law, particularly in their interaction with the legal systems of the member states.
You will publish your findings and actively participate in the research activities of the Institute under the guidance of Professor Vogenauer. 
Your Profile
You hold a first class degree in law, the humanities or the social sciences and you produced an outstanding doctoral thesis or an equivalent portfolio of publications in a similar subject. Your CV shows the potential to produce outstanding research at an internationally advanced level. You work independently, are fully proficient in the English language and willing to learn German if necessary.Our Offer
We offer an attractive and international work environment with an unparalleled research infrastructure and a good working atmosphere. Applicants may seek a part time or a full time position (currently 39 hours per week). Payment and social benefits are based on the German Civil Service Collective Agreement (TVÖD). Depending on your qualification, the annual salary before tax will be on a scale from EUR 46,100 (E 13 band 1) to EUR 69.600 (E13 band 6) for a full time position. The position is a fixed-term appointment for three years in the first instance, with the possibility of renewal for a further fixed-term period subject to satisfactory performance and the requirements of the 2007 Act on Academic Fixed-term Contracts (Wissenschaftszeitvertragsgesetz).

The Max Planck Society is committed to increasing the number of individuals with severe disabilities in its workforce and therefore encourages applications from such persons.

The Max Planck Society seeks to increase the number of women in those areas where they are underrepresented and therefore explicitly encourages women to apply. 
Application procedure
You will be asked to submit the following documents:
1. Personal Statement:
- Cover letter with reference to your research proposal and an explanation as to how your profile matches the selection criteria
- Names and addresses (postal and electronic) of three scholars who have agreed to provide a reference for you
2. CV: 
- Detailed CV
- List of publications
3. Other Documents:
- Research proposal (up to five pages)
- Transcripts
- Two of your publications of some 20 pages length each (journal articles, book chapters etc)
Please provide your referees with all the documents that you submit for your application and ask them to send their references direct to jobs@rg.mpg.de by the closing date of 22 May 2018. References may only be submitted by email. They do not have to be signed as long as they are emailed from the official mail address of the referee. Strong applicants will be invited for an interview which will probably be held in the week beginning 28 May 2018.Contact
Informal enquiries as to the substance of the research fields may be directed to Professor Stefan Vogenauer (vogenauer@rg.mpg.de).

Questions as to the terms and conditions of employment may be directed to Ms Sabrina Penczynski (jobs@rg.mpg.de).

Your application must be submitted online via the following link by the closing date of 22 May 2018:For more information, as well as the application link, see the website of the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Categories: Comparative Law News

SAVE THE DATE: British Legal History Conference, St Andrews (Scotland, 10-13 Jul 2019)

(image source: Wikimedia Commons)
Prof. John Hudson (Bishop Wardlaw Professor of Legal History, Director of the Institute of Legal and Constitutional Research) announced the dates of the next British Legal History Conference, to be held at St Andrews University, from 10 to 13 July 2019.

A call for papers and further information will be sent in "early summer 2018".
Categories: Comparative Law News

CFP: Graduate Student and Early-Career Scholar Panel, Medieval Legal History Workshop (Houston, 8 November 2018), DEADLINE 15 June 2018


(Source: American Society for Legal History)
Via H-Law, we have the following call for papers:
The American Society for Legal History invites paper submissions from graduate students and early-career scholars for a panel at a pre-conference workshop, which will take place immediately preceding the annual meeting on Thursday, Nov. 8, 2018. The topic of the workshop is Medieval Legal History, with medieval broadly defined as between late antiquity and early modernity. Applications for the panel at due June 15th.
The Medieval Legal History Workshop aims to present the work of a number of scholars of medieval law and society who are new to the ASLH’s annual meeting. In this way, we hope to promote scholarship in this area of legal history and to encourage medieval historians to attend the Society's meeting. The graduate student and early-career scholar panel will be composed of four speakers, who will present short papers of 10-12 minutes, followed by a robust discussion period afterward. Besides this panel, the event will also be composed of two longer-form talks with commentators, and a pre-circulated-paper workshop of three papers with two commentators.
As such, we encourage applications from PhD students, postdocs and VAPs who work on or with law in the late antique and medieval periods in its political, social, and cultural aspects and who have not traditionally attended the society’s meetings. We notably encourage applications from any legal tradition of the period, including (among others) Byzantine, Canon, Chinese, Islamic, or Jewish law. The goal of the panel is to provide graduate students and early-career scholars the opportunity to participate in the ASLH community in a more intimate setting, present their own work, and make meaningful contact with other presenters, attendant faculty, and other participants.
Applications to the workshop should include a current curriculum vitae, a title and abstract for the proposed talk. Applicants whose proposals are accepted will receive some support toward conference hotel and travel.
Queries and applications should be sent by email to Ada Kuskowski (akusk@upenn.edu) by June 15th, with the subject line “ASLH 2018 Graduate Student and Early-Career Scholar Panel.”
(Source: H-Law)
Categories: Comparative Law News

FELLOWSHIP: Kathleen Fitzpatrick Visiting Fellowships 2019 (Melbourne Law School), DEADLINE 31 MAY 2018


(Source: Melbourne Law School)
Melbourne Law School has launched a call for applications for the Kathleen Fitzpatrick Visiting Fellowships 2019 (female doctoral and early career scholars in international law, history, political theory, and related fields). Here the call:
Applications are invited from female doctoral and early career scholars in international law, history, political theory, and related fields to participate in the Laureate Program in International Law at Melbourne Law School between June and December 2019.
The Laureate Program in International Law is led by Professor Anne Orford, and establishes an interdisciplinary research team studying historical and contemporary international legal frameworks addressing the use of force and intervention in situations of civil war and revolution. Kathleen Fitzpatrick Visiting Fellowships are offered annually, and enable outstanding female doctoral and early career researchers to visit Melbourne Law School and work with Professor Orford and the Laureate Program for up to two months. The Visiting Fellows are closely integrated into the Program, take part in events and workshops, participate in team meetings, present at work-in-progress seminars, and will be invited to participate in the final international conference in 2020. 
Funding of up to $3000 is available for the Kathleen Fitzpatrick Visiting Fellows towards the costs of travel to, and accommodation in, Melbourne. Visiting Fellows from outside Australia are responsible for obtaining and funding any necessary visas.
The funding for the Kathleen Fitzpatrick Visiting Fellowships flows from the awarding of the 2015 Australian Research Council Kathleen Fitzpatrick Australian Laureate Fellowship to Professor Orford. The Kathleen Fitzpatrick Australian Laureate Fellowship is awarded annually to a highly ranked female recipient of an Australian Laureate Fellowship from the humanities, arts, and social science disciplines. The Fellowships include additional funding for recipients to undertake an ambassadorial role to promote women in research and to mentor early career researchers. More details about this scheme to support women in research is available from the Australian Research Council.
Information about current and former Kathleen Fitzpatrick Visiting Fellows and their projects is available on the Visiting Fellows page.  
Application process
Applicants for the Visiting Doctoral Fellowships must be currently enrolled in doctoral study on a topic related to the work of the Laureate Program. Applicants for the Visiting Postdoctoral Fellowships must have been awarded a PhD in a related field within the past six years.  
Applications must include the following in one PDF document:
  • Brief curriculum vitae and list of publications
  • Research plan  (maximum 1000 words)
  • Brief statement outlining how the applicant’s research would benefit from participation in the Laureate program
  • Academic letter of reference (either as part of the application or sent directly by the referee)
Applications should be addressed to Professor Anne Orford and and submitted to laureate-intlaw@unimelb.edu.au by the closing date of 31 May 2018. Applicants will be advised of the outcome by 31 July 2018.
This will be the final year the Kathleen Fitzpatrick Visiting Fellowships are offered by the Laureate Program in International Law before its conclusion in 2020.
For more information, see the website of the Laureate Program in International Law


Categories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: Brussels Medieval Culture and War Conference – Power, Authority, and Normativity (Brussels, 24-26 May 2018)


(Source: CRHIDI)
Please find below the draft programme for the Brussels Medieval Culture and War Conference, which has several sessions that include legal historians.
ABOUT
An omnipresent phenomenon, war was a dominant social fact that impacted every aspect of society in the Middle Ages. Abandoning the so-called histoire-bataille that studied war on its own as an isolated succession of battles, studies have moved towards investigation of the reciprocal relationships between military conflicts and the economic, legal, political, religious, and social spheres in the Middle Ages.
After previous meetings held at the University of Leeds in 2016 and the University of Lisbon in 2017, the 2018 edition of the Medieval Culture and War Conference takes place at the Saint-Louis University, Brussels, and focuses on the theme of Power, Authority, and Normativity. Papers will discuss how medieval warfare, through the organisation, the techniques, and the discourses it mobilised, contributed to the shaping of power and power relationships, and how these power relations, in turn, could influence the adoption of certain forms of military organisation and techniques of warfare; how war related to the concept of authority; and how it was regulated by changing sets of rules over the period. How did power relationships, ideas about authority, and evolving norms have an impact on medieval warfare in theory and in practice? Papers from various theoretical and disciplinary backgrounds (military history, social and political history, legal history, art history, literary studies, gender studies, urban history) will be presented.
DRAFT PROGRAMME
Thursday 24 May
09.30-10.00: Registration and welcome tea and coffee 10.00-10.30: Introduction 10.30-12.00: Session 1: War and Princely Power I  Edward  Cavanagh  (University  of  Cambridge):  Conquest  for  the  Crown:  War,  Legal Personality, and the Royal Prerogative in English Constitutional Thought, 1066-1566 Marie-Astrid Hugel (EHESS Paris/Ruprecht-Karls-Univeristät Heidelberg): Can we Define a King  without  War  or  a  Churchman  as  War  Leader?  The  Use  of  War  in  the  Priest-Kingly Representations through the Example of the Priest-King Melchisedech (14th-15th Centuries) Gilles Lecuppre  (Université  catholique de Louvain):  Exposing the Prince:  Brabant, Flanders and Hainault, 13th-early 15th c. 12.00-13.00: Lunch 13.00-14.30: Session 2: Representing the Ethics of Warfare Morgane  Bon  (Université  de  Lille):  Depicting  War  Violence  at  the  Time  of  the  Burgundian Wars through the Illuminations of the Diebold Schilling the Elder chronicle (1474-1477) Pierre  Courroux  (British  Academy,  University  of  Southampton):  The  Imaginary  Battles  in Medieval Chronicles: Ideal Fights and Typological Thought Trevor  Russell  Smith  (University  of  Leeds):  Rhetoric  of  Violence  and  Suffering  in  English Historical Literature, 1327–1377 14.30-14.45: Coffee Break 14.45-16.15: Session 3: Military Organisation, Recruitment, and Political Structures   Marco  Fasolio  (Università  del  Piemonte  Orientale):  Applying  the  anachronism.  Theodore  I Palaiologos of Montferrat and warfare between theory and practice Kristjan Oad (Tallinn University): Crusades to the Eastern Baltic – A War of Conquest? Malte  Prietzel  (Universität  Paderborn):  Political  Deficiencies  and  Military  Disasters.  The Holy Roman Empire and the Hussite Wars, 1419-1434 16.15-16.30: Coffee Break 16.30-17.30:  Keynote  1:  Justine  Firnhaber-Baker  (University  of  St  Andrews):  Seigneurial Wars and Peasant Revolts: What’s in a Name? 18.30-19.30: Visit of Brussels’ Town Hall and Market Square (Grand-place)
Friday, 25 May
9.30-11.00:  Session  4a:  Constructing  Spatial Power through War Sander Govaerts (University of Amsterdam): An  Ecological  Perspective  on  Medieval Warfare:  the  Meuse  Region  in  the  Late Middle Ages João  Nisa  (Universidade  de  Coimbra): Rethinking  the  Space:  the  Military Organisation  of  the  Comarca  of  Entre  Tejo e Odiana (Portugal) in the 14th  centuryCornel-Peter  Rodenbusch  (Universitat  de Barcelona/Eberhard  Karls  Universität Tübingen):  Estates  without  Gates  –  Violent Appropriation  in  tje  Catalan  High  Middle Ages 9.30-11.00: Session 4b: Authority, Power, and Tactical Organisation Julien  De  Palma  (Université  de  Lille):  The Medieval Flag: Organization, Communication and Control in the Armies of Philip the Good and Charles the Bold dukes of Burgundy Alan  V.  Murray  (University  of  Leeds):  The Problem  of  the  Schiltrom:  Scottish  Infantry Tactics  from  Falkirk  (1298)  to  Bannockburn (1314) Elise  Cardoso  (Universidade  de  Coimbra): The  Military  Logistics  of  Royal  Armies  in Portugal during the 15th century11.00-11.15: Coffee Break 11.15-12.45:  Session  5a:  Developing Portuguese  Overseas  Power  through Warfare António  Martins  Costa  (Universidade  de Coimbra)  &  Inês  Meira  Araújo (Universidade  de  Lisboa):  Riding  the  Waves to Raid the Shores. Amphibian Operations in the  Portuguese  Conquests  in  the  Maghreb (1415-1513) Margarida Garcez Ventura (Universidade de Lisboa):  Diplomacy,  War,  and  Power. Military-Diplomatic  Outlines  of  the Portuguese defeat in Tangier (1437-1472) José  Varandas  (Universidade  de  Lisboa): Medieval  naval  operations  to  the  Canary Islands  (14th–  15thcenturies).  Portugal, Castile,  and  Genoa  at  War  in  the  Atlantic Ocean 11.15-12.45: Session 5b: Power Relationships and the Finances of Warfare Roberto Biolzi (Université de Lausanne): The Rise  and  Fall  of  Savoy:  an  Analysis  through the Military Accounts (13th-15th c.) Laura  Miquel  Milian  (Institucio  Milà  i Fontanals  -  Consejo  Superior  de Investigaciones  Científicas):  Against  Enemies and Rebels: Encouraging Loyalty in Barcelona during the Catalan Civil War Alessandro  Silvestri  (Trinity  College Dublin):  The  Consequences  of  War.  The Sicilian  Contribution  to  Financing  the Aragonese  Wars  in  Italy  under  Alfonso  the Magnanimous (1416-1458) 12.45-13.45: Lunch 13.45_14.45:  Keynote 2:  Bertrand  Schnerb  (Université  de  Lille):  War  and  Education  in  Late Medieval Burgundy 14.45_18.00:  Visit of Brussels’ medieval  town  walls and arms and armour collection  at  the Porte de Hal 
Saturday 26 May
9.30-­‐‑11.00:  Session  6:  War  and  Princely  Power  II    Ana  de  Fátima  Correia  (Universidade  de  Coimbra):  Gender,  War  and  Narratives:  the  case  of  Emma  “Ælgifu”  of  Normandy  (c.990-­‐‑1052)  Irena Berovic (Heinrich-­‐‑Heine-­‐‑Universität    Düsseldorf):    The    Power    and    Authority    of    the  Cannibal  King:  Otherness  in  the  Middle  English  Richard  Coeur  de  Lyon  Michael  Depreter  (British  Academy,  University  of  Oxford)  &  Jonathan  Dumont  (Université  de   Liège):   Gunpowder   Artillery,   Political   Imagery,   and   Princely   Power   in   France   and   the  Burgundian  Low  Countries  (ca.  1450-­‐‑1515)  11.00-­‐‑11.15:  Coffee  Break  11.15-­‐‑12.45:  Session  7:  Regulating  the  Soldier’s  Violence    Jonathan  Bloch  (Université  catholique  de  Louvain):  Military  Institutional  Anarchy  yet  Social  and  Anthropological  Constraint:  Waging  War  for  the  French  Crown  between  1418  and  1445  Jacques    Péricard   (Université    de    Limoges):    Shaping    of   Power    during    the    9th    and    10th  Centuries.  Military  Activity  According  to  the  Glosses  Quentin  Verreycken  (Université  catholique  de  Louvain  /  Université  Saint-­‐‑Louis  –  Bruxelles):  Violence  and  Returning  Soldiers  in  Fifteenth-­‐‑Century  France  and  the  Low  Countries  12.45-­‐‑13.45:  Lunch    13.45-­‐‑15.15:  Session  8:  Justifying  War  and  Warfare    Marilia    Lykaki   (University    of   Athens   /    École    Pratique    des    Hautes    Études,    Paris):    The  Byzantine   Warfare   Ideology   as   Illustrated   in   Military   Treatises   and   Legislation   Texts   (6th   –  11th  c.)  Georgios  Theotokis  (University  of  Athens):  Transcultural  Warfare  in  the  Mediterranean:  the  Case  of  Italy  in  the  Eleventh  Century    James   Titterton  (University   of   Leeds):   Beyond   the   Pale:   Abnormal   Tactics  among   the   Welsh  and  Irish  in  Gerald  of  Wales  15.15-­‐‑15.30:  Coffee  Break  15.30-­‐‑16.00:  Conclusions  

More information on the website of the organisers
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Taisu ZHANG, The Laws and Economics of Confucianism - Kinship and Property in Preindustrial China and England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017). ISBN 9781107141117, £ 85.00


(Source: Cambridge University Press)
Cambridge University Press recently published a new book which compares property institutions in the United Kingdom and China during the pre-industrial period, in order to explain why development in both countries took different paths.
ABOUT
Tying together cultural history, legal history, and institutional economics, The Laws and Economics of Confucianism: Kinship and Property in Pre-Industrial China and England offers a novel argument as to why Chinese and English pre-industrial economic development went down different paths. The dominance of Neo-Confucian social hierarchies in Late Imperial and Republican China, under which advanced age and generational seniority were the primary determinants of sociopolitical status, allowed many poor but senior individuals to possess status and political authority highly disproportionate to their wealth. In comparison, landed wealth was a fairly strict prerequisite for high status and authority in the far more 'individualist' society of early modern England, essentially excluding low-income individuals from secular positions of prestige and leadership. Zhang argues that this social difference had major consequences for property institutions and agricultural production.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
The Laws and Economics of ConfucianismCambridge Studies in Economics, Choice, and Society - Series page pp i-ivThe Laws and Economics of Confucianism - Title page pp i-ivCopyright page pp i-ivDedication pp i-ivContents pp v-viAcknowledgments pp vii-viiiIntroduction pp ix-x1 - Dian Sales in Qing and Republican China pp 1-342 - Mortgages in Early Modern England pp 35-633 - Kinship, Social Hierarchy, and Institutional Divergence (Theories) pp 64-854 - Kinship, Social Hierarchy, and Institutional Divergence (Empirics) pp 86-1225 - Kinship Hierarchies in Late Imperial History pp 123-1836 - Property Institutions and Agricultural Capitalism pp 184-219Conclusion pp 220-251Appendices pp 252-268APPENDIX A: List of Dian-Related Cases pp 252-268APPENDIX B: List of Political Elites from Seven North China Villages pp 269-274Bibliography pp 275-280Chinese Terms pp 281-302Index pp 303-304
More information with the publisher 
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Lev E. WEITZ, Between Christ and Caliph : Law, Marriage, and Christian Community in Early Islam (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2018). ISBN 9780812250275, $65.00


(Source: University of Pennsylvania Press)
University of Pennsylvania Press has just published a book on Christian family law in Syriac Christian communities during the period of early Islam.
ABOUT
In the conventional historical narrative, the medieval Middle East was composed of autonomous religious traditions, each with distinct doctrines, rituals, and institutions. Outside the world of theology, however, and beyond the walls of the mosque or the church, the multireligious social order of the medieval Islamic empire was complex and dynamic. Peoples of different faiths—Sunnis, Shiites, Christians, Jews, and others—interacted with each other in city streets, marketplaces, and even shared households, all under the rule of the Islamic caliphate. Laypeople of different confessions marked their religious belonging through fluctuating, sometimes overlapping, social norms and practices.
In Between Christ and Caliph, Lev E. Weitz examines the multiconfessional society of early Islam through the lens of shifting marital practices of Syriac Christian communities. In response to the growth of Islamic law and governance in the seventh through tenth centuries, Syriac Christian bishops created new laws to regulate marriage, inheritance, and family life. The bishops banned polygamy, required that Christian marriages be blessed by priests, and restricted marriage between cousins, seeking ultimately to distinguish Christian social patterns from those of Muslims and Jews. Through meticulous research into rarely consulted Syriac and Arabic sources, Weitz traces the ways in which Syriac Christians strove to identify themselves as a community apart while still maintaining a place in the Islamic social order. By binding household life to religious identity, Syriac Christians developed the social distinctions between religious communities that came to define the medieval Islamic Middle East. Ultimately, Between Christ and Caliph argues that interreligious negotiations such as these lie at the heart of the history of the medieval Islamic empire.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Lev E. Weitz teaches history and directs the Islamic World Studies program at the Catholic University of America.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction Part I – Empire, Household and Christian Community from Late Antiquity to the Abbasid Caliphate Part II – Christian Family Law in the Making of Caliphal Society and Intellectual Culture Part III – Islamic Law and Christian Jurists after Imperial Fragmentation Conclusion. Christians and Christian Law in the Making of the Medieval Islamic Empire
The full TOC can be foundhere
More on the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Chantal STEBBINGS, Tax, Medicines and the Law : From Quackery to Pharmacy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017). ISBN 9781107025455, £ 85.00


(Source: Cambridge University Press)
Cambridge University Press has recently published a new book on the interaction between tax law and medicine history
ABOUT
In 1783, a stamp duty was imposed on proprietary or 'quack' medicines. These largely useless but often dangerous remedies were immensely popular. The tax, which lasted until 1941, was imposed to raise revenue. It failed in its incidental regulatory purpose, had a negative effect in that the stamp was perceived as a guarantee of quality, and had a positive effect in encouraging disclosure of the formula. The book explains the considerable impact the tax had on chemists and druggists - how it led to an improvement in professional status, but undermined it by reinforcing their reputations as traders. The legislation imposing the tax was complex, ambiguous and never reformed. The tax authorities had to administer it, and executive practice came to dominate it. A minor, specialised, low-yield tax is shown to be of real significance in the pharmaceutical context, and of exceptional importance as a model revealing the wider impact of tax law and administration.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Chantal Stebbings, University of ExeterChantal Stebbings is Professor of Law and Legal History at the University of Exeter. In the past she has served as Dean of the Faculty of Law at the University of Exeter, Visiting Professor at the University of Rennes, France and a Fellow of the Institute of Taxation. She has also held a British Academy Research Readership and a Leverhulme Major Research Fellowship. She was generously supported by the Wellcome Trust for this book, which is her fourth monograph for Cambridge University Press. She is the Editor of the Journal of Legal History and the Chair of the Hamlyn Trust.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Proprietary medicines and the fiscal state2. The medicine stamp duty and the authority of law3. The tax and the profession of pharmacy4. The tax and the integrity of medicines5. The demise of the tax
More information on the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Samantha WILLIAMS, Unmarried Motherhood in the Metropolis, 1700-1850: Pregnancy, the Poor Law and Provision (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018), ISBN 9783319733203, $99.99


(Source: Palgrave Macmillan)
Palgrave MacMillan just published a book on unmarried motherhood and poor laws in London during the period 1700-1850.
ABOUT
In this book Samantha Williams examines illegitimacy, unmarried parenthood and the old and new poor laws in a period of rising illegitimacy and poor relief expenditure. In doing so, she explores the experience of being an unmarried mother from courtship and conception, through the discovery of pregnancy, and the birth of the child in lodgings or one of the new parish workhouses. Although fathers were generally held to be financially responsible for their illegitimate children, the recovery of these costs was particularly low in London, leaving the parish ratepayers to meet the cost. Unmarried parenthood was associated with shame and men and women could also be subject to punishment, although this was generally infrequent in the capital. Illegitimacy and the poor law were interdependent and this book charts the experience of unmarried motherhood and the making of metropolitan bastardy.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Samantha Williams is Senior Lecturer in Local and Regional History at the University of Cambridge, UK. She has published widely on the history of poverty and the poor law, including Poverty, Gender and Life-Cycle under the English Poor Law, 1760-1834 (2011) and Illegitimacy in Britain, 1700-1920 (2005) which she co-edited with Alysa Levene and Thomas Nutt.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction: Illegitimacy in London; Pages 1-43Shame; Pages 45-77Pregnant and Birthing Bodies; Pages 79-109The Workhouse; Pages 111-164Maintenance; Pages 165-205Punishment; Pages 207-230Conclusions
More information on the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Aparna BALACHANDRAN, Rashmi PANT, and Bhavani RAMAN, eds., Iterations of Law : Legal Histories from India (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780199477791, $50.00


(Source: Oxford University Press)
Oxford University Press has recently published a new book containing several essays on diverse aspects of Indian legal history.
ABOUT
This volume reflects a recent transformation of the concerns of social scientists regarding the legal history of South Asia. While, earlier, historians looked at the results rather than the performance of law, the concerns later shifted to unravelling the socioeconomic and political contexts that shaped law-making and its practice. Iterations of Law advances these new perspectives on legal history from South Asia. Going beyond an area studies rubric to critically engage with recent work in colonial and transnational legal history, the essays in this volume utilize both archival and everyday records to interrogate the relationship between the discipline of history and the institution of law.

The contributors to this volume include both young and established scholars who address the enacted and performative aspects of law that illuminate how rights are inscribed into a hierarchical order, a process that is often elided and fragmented by jurisdictional contexts. Their essays focus on complex moments in the life of the law when rights or claims simultaneously inaugurate a new economy of power and authority. Through these chapters, it becomes possible to interrogate the framing of legal regimes 'from below' and treat the law as a process that entails constant exchange, conflict, and adjustment between the rulers and the governed.
ABOUT THE EDITORS
Aparna Balachandran teaches at the Department of History, University of Delhi, India. She has contributed to journals on religious identity and history of communities as well as on colonial law.
Rashmi Pant is Fellow at the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, New Delhi, and teaches at the Indraprastha College for Women, University of Delhi, India. She has contributed articles to journals on the history of caste formation in colonial India.
Bhavani Raman teaches at the Department of History, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. She is the author of Document Raj: Writing and Scribes in Early Colonial South India (2012).
TABLE OF CONTENTS
AcknowledgementsIntroduction Iterations of Law: Legal History from India - Aparna Balachandran, Rashmi Pant, and Bhavani Raman1. The Life of Law in Modern India: A Present History of the Matha Court - Janaki Nair2. Speaking in Multiple Registers: Property and the Narrative of Care - Rashmi Pant3. Violence and the Languages of Law - Neeladri Bhattacharya4. Law in Times of Counterinsurgency - Bhavani Raman5. Petition Town: Law, Custom, and Urban Space in Early Colonial South India - Aparna Balachandran6. 'To Mount or Not to Mount?' Court Records and Law-Making in Early Modern Rajasthan - Nandita Sahai7. Power, Petitions, and the 'Povo' in Early English Bombay- Philip Stern8. Of Truth and Taxes: A Material History of Early Stamp't Paper- Shrimoyee Ghosh9. Public Finance and Personal Law in Late-Colonial India- Eleanor NewbiginBibliographyNotes on Editors and ContributorsIndex
More information on the publisher’s website

Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Joshua M. WHITE, Piracy and Law in the Ottoman Mediterranean (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2017), ISBN 9781503602526, $65.00


(Source: Stanford University Press)
Stanford University Press has recently published a new book on Mediterranean piracy and its legal implications from an Ottoman perspective.
ABOUT
The 1570s marked the beginning of an age of pervasive piracy in the Mediterranean that persisted into the eighteenth century. Nowhere was more inviting to pirates than the Ottoman-dominated eastern Mediterranean. In this bustling maritime ecosystem, weak imperial defenses and permissive politics made piracy possible, while robust trade made it profitable. By 1700, the limits of the Ottoman Mediterranean were defined not by Ottoman territorial sovereignty or naval supremacy, but by the reach of imperial law, which had been indelibly shaped by the challenge of piracy.
Piracy and Law in the Ottoman Mediterranean is the first book to examine Mediterranean piracy from the Ottoman perspective, focusing on the administrators and diplomats, jurists and victims who had to contend most with maritime violence. Pirates churned up a sea of paper in their wake: letters, petitions, court documents, legal opinions, ambassadorial reports, travel accounts, captivity narratives, and vast numbers of decrees attest to their impact on lives and livelihoods. Joshua M. White plumbs the depths of these uncharted, frequently uncatalogued waters, revealing how piracy shaped both the Ottoman legal space and the contours of the Mediterranean world.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Joshua M. White is Assistant Professor of History at the University of Virginia.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction1 Ottoman Pirates, Ottoman Victims2 The Kadi of Malta3 Piracy and Treaty Law4 Diplomatic Divergence5 Piracy in Ottoman Islamic Jurisprudence6 Piracy in the CourtsConclusion
For more information, see the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK : David DEROUSSIN, ed., La Grande Guerre et son droit (Paris: Librairie LGDJ). ISBN 9782275060521, 44,00 €


(Source: Librairie LGDJ)
Librairie LGDJ has just published a new book on World War I and its influence on lawyers and legal systems during the war.
ABOUT
Si le centenaire de la Première Guerre mondiale a évidemment été l'occasion d'expositions et de manifestations scientifiques nombreuses, rares sont celles dont le droit a été l'objet exclusif. Tel est au contraire le parti pris de l'ouvrage aujourd'hui présenté au public, qui entend appréhender non seulement l'attitude des juristes face à la guerre, mais aussi la réaction des systèmes juridiques eux-mêmes, à travers des exemples tirés tant du droit privé que du droit public, dans le but de saisir le fonctionnement concret des règles de droit dans un contexte assurément particulier, la résistance des principales distinctions (droit privé/droit public), catégories (propriété privée) et notions juridiques et la solidité de certains principes juridiques (liberté contractuelle, intangibilité du contrat).
L'ouvrage s'adresse ainsi non seulement aux universitaires et étudiants des facultés de droit et d'histoire, mais aussi à tous ceux qui souhaitent découvrir comment les systèmes juridiques des principaux pays belligérants, confrontés à l'âpreté des combats et à l'enlisement d'un conflit dans lequel ils ne sont pas tous entrés de manière identique, ont entendu répondre aux divers défis qui leur étaient adressés. 
Les contributions réunies dans ce volume, pour l'essentiel rédigées par des historiens du droit, montrent alors que, pour chacun de ces systèmes, les difficultés liées à la mobilisation, à la conduite des opérations militaires, au maintien de l'activité économique, au fonctionnement de la justice ou encore à la réparation des dommages de guerre, ont souvent été résolues au moyen de techniques pour une bonne part similaires, comme la mise en place d'un contrôle accru des activités économiques au moyen notamment de restrictions à la liberté contractuelle et à la liberté du commerce, le recours à la technique des moratoria ou, au contraire, le maintien de certains grands principes du droit contractuel, spécialement la force obligatoire du contrat. Elles montrent également que cette adaptation des systèmes juridiques au temps de guerre a souvent bénéficié de l'expérience passée (notamment le premier conflit franco-prussien de 1870) et que, sur certains points (réparation des dommages de guerre, encadrement accru du contrat de bail), elle laissera des traces bien après la fin des hostilités. 
Sous la direction de David Deroussin, avec les contributions de P. Allorant, Ph. Bouchardeau, P.-L. Boyer, A.-S. Chambost, F. Cherfouh, D. Deroussin, C. Drand, B. Durand, Fr. Gilson, J.-L. Halpérin, J. Hummel, J. Lafosse, E. Lemonidou, A. Mages, U. Pavan Dalla Torre, A. Péroz, G. Richard, G. Rubin, G. Sawicki, M. Wanaim, J. Zollmann.
The first pages of the book, including its table of content, can be found here
For more information, see the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Robert W. GORDON, Taming the Past : Essays on Law in History and History in Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017). ISBN 9781316644003, £ 24.99


(Source: Cambridge University Press)
Cambridge University Press recently published a new book on the usage of historical arguments by lawyers.
ABOUT
Lawyers and judges often make arguments based on history - on the authority of precedent and original constitutional understandings. They argue both to preserve the inspirational, heroic past and to discard its darker pieces - such as feudalism and slavery, the tyranny of princes and priests, and the subordination of women. In doing so, lawyers tame the unruly, ugly, embarrassing elements of the past, smoothing them into reassuring tales of progress. In a series of essays and lectures written over forty years, Robert W. Gordon describes and analyses how lawyers approach the past and the strategies they use to recruit history for present use while erasing or keeping at bay its threatening or inconvenient aspects. Together, the corpus of work featured in Taming the Past offers an analysis of American law and society and its leading historians since 1900.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Robert W. Gordon, Stanford University, CaliforniaRobert W. Gordon is a Professor of Law at Stanford University, California. He was President of the American Society for Legal History in 2000, has served on several bar association committees and task forces devoted to reform of the profession, and has previously taught at the University of Wisconsin, Yale University, Connecticut, Harvard University Massachusetts and the University of Oxford.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction
Part I. The Common Law Tradition in Legal Historiography:
1. The common law tradition in American legal historiography
2. Holmes' common law as legal and social science
Part II. Legal Historians:
3. James Willard Hurst, against the common law tradition - social-legal history's pioneer
4. Hurst recaptured
5. Morton Horwitz and his critics: a conflict of narratives
6. The elusive transformation
7. Method and politics: Horwitz on lawyers' uses of history
8. E. P. Thompson's legacies
9. Owen Fiss, the constitution of liberal order at the 'Troubled Beginnings of the Modern State'
Part III. History and Historicism in Legal History and Argument:
10. Historicism in legal scholarship
11. Critical legal histories
12. The past as authority and social critic
13. Taming the past: three lectures on history in legal argument
14. Originalism and nostalgic traditionalism
15. Undoing historical injustice.

For more information, see the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

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