For the contents of The Burney Journal, please click on the links below. For copies of the Journal or articles from previous volumes, please contact your library or the Editor.
Volume 16 (2019)
“Editor’s Note” by Marilyn Francus
“Putting Burney in Her Place” by Linda Zionkowski
Abstract: Daughter of a renowned musicologist and a celebrated author in her own right, Frances Burney stood at the center of Britain's social, political, and cultural scene from her young adulthood well into old age. Yet despite Burney's apparently firm toehold in the elite circles of her time, her letters and journals detail her experiences with the threatened or very real loss of those deep relationships with people and places that fostered Burney's sense of who she was, what she was, and where she belonged. I argue that in these writings, Burney represents the trauma of insecurity over her place, particularly in three salient instances: her exposure as the author of Evelina, her position at Court attending Queen Charlotte, and her residence in France from 1802-1812, including the Hundred Days of Napoleon's return from exile on Elba and final defeat at the battle of Waterloo. Whether they were jotted down in haste or carefully crafted, the journals and letters describing these episodes recount Burney's forced estrangement from her familiar surroundings while also recording her attempts to shape her experiences in narrative forms that would mitigate their danger to herself. By detailing her alienation from anything resembling an established home and portraying her confinement and dislocation in increasingly unstable environments, Burney's writings articulate an emerging recognition of exile as endemic to contemporary life.
Keywords: Burney, Frances, 1752-1840; d'Arblay, Alexandre, 1748-1818; Burney, Charles, 1726-1814; exile; immigrants; Napoleonic wars; Waterloo; passport; displacement; alienation; refugee; home.
“The Cloaked Actress in Evelina and The Wanderer” by Bethany Wong
Abstract: This essay revisits the apparent opposition between theater and the novel as well as the public actress and private heroine to identify what I call “virtuous theatricality” in Frances Burney’s conception of authorship. This term celebrates her complex appreciation for, and appropriation of, the theater and role playing in her novels. Building on recent work about celebrity actresses by Laura Engel, Felicity Nussbaum, Gill Perry, and others, I argue that Burney’s construction of authorial identity recalls the professional actress’s skillful negotiation between her public and private personas. Focusing on Burney’s treatment of actresses implicitly in Evelina and explicitly in The Wanderer, I consider how Frances Abington’s and Elizabeth Farren’s acts of self-fashioning in portraits and during private theatricals frame Burney’s depictions of virtuous femininity. I contend that the allusions to actresses in the novels are not attempts to forget them but to suggest ways that Burney is strategically aligning herself with them. Throughout her life, Burney was an enthusiastic audience member, a reluctant actress, a shy celebrity, a dramatic novelist, and a gifted playwright. These roles manifest creatively in her work as her heroines literally and metaphorically go to the theater to legitimize their virtue before a skeptical male audience.
Keywords: Burney, Frances, 1752-1840; The Wanderer; Evelina; 18th-century English literature; Abington, Mrs. (Frances Barton), 1737-1815; Farren, Elizabeth, 1762-1829; actress; celebrity; novel; theater; gender; virtue; authorship.
““A drudge amid the smiles of Wealth and Power”: the Burneys and their Montagu Patrons” by Joy Hudson
Abstract: For the Burneys, the Montagu family represented an important source of social and professional influence. John Montagu, the fourth Earl of Sandwich, and (to a lesser degree) Captain John Montagu supported Charles Burney’s musical career and James Burney’s advancement in the Royal Navy. The cost of patronage, however, is revealed in Charles’s correspondence and, in particular, the circumstances surrounding the suppression of Frances Burney’s first play, The Witlings (1779). Although Frances had little direct connection to the earl, I argue that his famous episodes with monkeys may have served as the model for Captain Mirvan and the notorious monkey incident in her novel Evelina (1778). While Frances was better acquainted with the Bluestocking Elizabeth Montagu, she nonetheless satirized Montagu’s support of women writers as the foolish Lady Smatter in The Witlings, which served as her indictment of a system of patronage and dependence that she was ultimately able to escape.
Keywords: Burney, Charles, 1726-1814; Burney, James, 1750-1821; Burney, Frances, 1752-1840; Montagu, John, 1719-1795; Montagu, John, Earl of Sandwich, 1718-1792; Montagu, Elizabeth, 1718-1800; Patronage; Navy, music history, The Witlings; Evelina.
“The Antiquarian Reception of Charles Burney’s A General History of Music” by Devon Nelson
Abstract: Antiquarians affirmed the musical authority of Charles Burney’s A General History of Music (1776-1789) in their own writings because of the social connections of the author, the thoroughness and transparency of his research process, and the types and presentation of his evidence—traits highly valued in historical writing by intellectuals in late eighteenth-century Britain. Burney was connected to important intellectual figures who were trusted by antiquarians; he publicized the intensity of his research efforts in earlier travel publications, used evidence similar to other authoritative writings, and presented his materials in formats familiar to antiquarians. The reception of Burney’s history reveals British intellectuals' values in historical writing—an authoritative author clearly presenting evidence that readers can judge. By contextualizing the positive reception of a history book by discerning critics, this essay demonstrates the processes by which historical authority was cultivated in the late-eighteenth century.
Keywords: Burney, Charles, 1726-1814; antiquarianism; music histories; historiography; reception.
“Year in Burney Studies 2017” by Deborah Barnum
“Year in Burney Studies 2018” by Deborah Barnum
Volume 15 (2018)
"Editor's Note" by Marilyn Francus
"'Tis best to build no Castles in the Air': Romantic Fantasy meets Economic Reality in Frances Burney's Court Journals" by Lorna J. Clark
"Frances Burney and the French Revolution: Politics in Burney's Court Journals and Letters" by Geoffrey Sill
"Burney and Empire" by Tara Ghoshal Wallace
"Tully's the Fashion: Ciceronian Fame in Frances Burney's Cecilia" by Kirsten Hall
"Year in Burney Studies, 2016" by Deborah Barnum
Volume 14 (2017)
"Editor's Note" by Marilyn Francus
"History as Heuristic in The Wanderer" by Tara Ghoshal Wallace
"The Things of Masquerade in Frances Burney's Cecilia and The Wanderer" by Kelly Fleming
"'This crowded Sheet': Speaking Through Space in Frances Burney and Georgiana Waddington's Correspondence" by Emma Walshe
"Two Decades of the Burney Society and Burney Studies" by Hilary Havens
"Year in Burney Studies 2015" by Deborah Barnum
Volume 13 (2016)
"Burney at Work: The Court Years"
"Fanny, or, The History of a Not-so-young Lady's Retreat from the World"
"Rehearsing Imoinda: Bleaching Black Bodies in Oroonoko and The Wanderer"
"Sympathetic Exchange, Sexual Attraction, and the Reinscription of National Identity: Burney's Evelina as Anglo-Scottish Integration Fantasy"
"Year in Burney Studies 2013"
"Year in Burney Studies 2014"
Volume 12 (2012)
"Close Encounters: Frances Burney, Actresses, and Models for Female Celebrity"
"Victorine: or, The German Evelina"
"Frances Burney, Elinor Joddrel, and the 'Defiance to All Forms' and 'Antique Prescriptions'"
"Frances Burney's French Archive: Insights and Avenues"
"'The Younger Part of our Male as well as Female Readers': Frances Burney and Youth Fiction in Late-Eighteenth-Century England"
Volume 11 (2011)
"A Study in Dialogue: Frances Burney Attends Warren Hastings’s Trial"
LORNA J. CLARK
"Evelina, The Wanderer, and Gothic Spatiality: Frances Burney and a Problem of Imagined Community"
"London and the Female Bildungsroman: Frances Burney’s Evelina, Cecilia, and The Witlings"
KATE C. HAMILTON
"Declining Buckles and Movable Shoes in Frances Burney’s Cecilia"
"Would it be pleasing to me?: Surveillance and Sexuality in Frances Burney’s Camilla"
"Year in Burney Studies 2010"
Volume 10 (2010)
“Why Frances Burney ‘Forgets’ Her Foremothers”
Betty A. Schellenberg
“Male Ambitions and Female Difficulties in 1814: Waverley, Patronage, Mansfield Park, and The Wanderer”
“Wanderer's End: Understanding Burney's Approach to Endings”
Emily C. Friedman
“Noisy Homes and Stubborn Ears: the Social Significance of Sound in Frances Burney’s Evelina”
“‘Having a Lesson of Attention from Omai’: Frances Burney, Omai the Tahitian, and Eighteenth-Century British Constructions of Racial Difference”
Lori Halvorsen Zerne
“Year in Burney Studies 2007-2009”
Volume 9 (2007)
"Pioneer of Pathology"
"Burney's Cerbera: Elizabeth Juliana Schwellenberg (1728-1797)"
"'The silent observant Miss Fanny': Narrative Position in Burney's Early Journals"
Sara K. Davis
"The Fantastic in the Work of Frances Burney"
Margaret Anne Doody
"Mentorship and Female Subject Formation in Burney's Cecilia and The Wanderer"
Margaret Kathryn Sloan
"Gambling with Virtue: Female Gaming in the Novels of Frances Burney"
Volume 8 (2005)
"Burney, Austen, and 'Bad Morality'"
"Burney's Cecilia and the Problem of Textual Sonority"
"Frances Burney's Anger"
"Burney's Enactment of Shakespearean Tragedy in her Novels"
"Race, Manners, and Satire in Burney's A Busy Day"
Alexander H. Pitofsky
Volume 7 (2005)
"Captain Mirvan and the Politics of Manners in Evelina"
Alexander H. Pitofsky
"Frances Burney and Mary Wollstonecraft: Female Difficulties and Feminism"
Sarah D. Spence
"West End Girl: Fanny Burney on Shaftesbury Avenue"
Volume 6 (2003)
Volume 6 (2003)
"Frances Burney and William Havard's Scanderbeg: An Unidentified Reference in Burney's Journals and Letters"
Robert L. Mack
"Frances Burney and Mme de Staël: Female Genius and the Call of Duty"
"From the Margins to the Centre: The Spinster as Author, Narrator and Actor"
Lorna J. Clark
"Scissors, Paper, Cloth: A Poor Gentlewoman's Economy of Composition"
Volume 5 (2002)
"Getting Started with Frances Burney"
"A Busy Day in the West End"
"Alexandre D'Arblay's Amiable Paean to Heterosexual Masturbation: Les Doigts"
Janice Farrar Thaddeus
"A Review of the Broadview Edition of Evelina"
Volume 4 (2001)
"Two Edward Burney Illustrations for Evelina, Known and Unknown"
"Mme de Staël and Fanny Burney"
"Sharpening Cecilia: Frances Burney as Professional Writer"
Janice Farrar Thaddeus
Volume 3 (2000)
"Fanny Burney and The Wanderer"
"Sweet Cecilia and Brown George: Editing Volume 5 of Burney's Early Journals and Letters, 1782-1783"
Volume 2 (1999)
"Financial and Social 'Discrimination' in Frances Burney's Comedies"
"Redeeming the Nabob: Frances Burney, Warren Hasting, and the Cultural Construction of India in A Busy Day"
"The McGill Burney Project"
Volume 1 (1998)
"Miss Somebody: The Diary of Fanny Burney, or A Star is Born"
"James Burney: A Brief Account"
"Annie Raine Ellis, Austin Dobson, and the Rise of Burney Studies"