Debra Titone

Academic title(s): 


Canada Research Chair in Language & Multilingualism (Tier I)


Contact Information:


Office: 2001 McGill College, 758
Phone: 514.398.1778
Email: debra.titone[at]


Mailing Address:
Department of Psychology
2001 McGill College, 7th floor
Montreal, QC
H3A 1G1


Debra Titone

Research Areas:

Cognition & Cognitive Neuroscience | Behavioural Neuroscience

Research Summary:

Professor Titone conducts behavioral (e.g., eye-tracking), sociolinguistic (e.g., social network analysis, linguistic landscape), and, less frequently, neuroimaging (e.g., ERP, MRI) experiments to investigate some of the following questions:

  • How do bilinguals resolve within-language and cross-language ambiguity during written and spoken language comprehension?
  • How do individual differences in executive function, and other cognitive capacities, modulate language comprehension and production, and vice versa?
  • What sociolinguistic/social network/theory of mind factors impact first and second language processing, and vice versa?
  • How do first and second language users learn, represent and process figurative language?
  • Are bilingual experience and ability associated with structural and functional brain changes in younger and older adults?
  • How do neuropathological/neurodevelopmental conditions (e.g., schizophrenia, dyslexia) affect language processes such as skilled reading? 

Selected References (grad trainees*/undergrad trainees**):

*Palma, P. & Titone, D. (accepted 2020). Something old, something new: A selective review of the literature on sleep-dependent memory consolidation of novel words in adults. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review.

*Gullifer, J., & Titone, D. (accepted 2020). Bilingual language experience predicts language outcomes but not proactive executive control: A machine learning approach. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.

*Tiv, M., **Deodato, F., **Rouillard, V., *Wiebe, S., & Titone, D. (accepted 2020). Individual differences in explicit and implicit bilingual first language irony comprehension. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology. Special Issue in honor of the career of Albert Katz.

*Tiv, M., *Gullifer, J., **Feng, R., & Titone, D. (accepted 2020). Using network science to map what Montreal bilinguals talk about across languages and communicative contexts. Journal of Neurolinguistics.

*Palma, P., *Whitford, V., & Titone, D. (2020). Cross-language activation and executive control modulate within-language ambiguity resolution: Evidence from eye movements. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 46(3), 507-528.

*Gullifer, J. W. & Titone, D. (2019). Characterizing the social diversity of bilingualism using language entropy. Bilingualism: Language & Cognition, 94(1), 1-18.

*Vingron, N., *Gullifer, J., **Hamill, J., Leimgruber, J. R. E., & Titone, D. (2017). Using eye tracking to investigate what bilinguals notice about linguistic landscape images: A preliminary study. Linguistic Landscape, 3(3), 226-245.

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