Our Doctoral Students

This page is a partial list of our current DCL students. If you are one of our DCL students and wish to have your bio added, please lysanne.larose [at] mcgill.ca (email the webmaster).

Sandrine Ampleman-Tremblay

Sandrine Ampleman-TremblaySandrine Ampleman-Tremblay is a DCL candidate at the Faculty of Law. She holds an LLB from Université Laval and an LLM from the University of Toronto. In her Master’s thesis, Sandrine examined how sexual assault by police has been prosecuted and sentenced in Canada. Her current research builds on this previous work, but goes beyond criminal law. Sandrine’s doctoral thesis, supervised by Prof. Marie Manikis, analyzes accountability for police sexual misconduct through the lens of common law and statutory duties.

Her research interests also include criminal procedure, feminist legal theory, sexual assault law and Charter litigation.

Prior to joining McGill Law, Sandrine was a Technical Revisor at the Supreme Court of Canada.

For more information, Sandrine Ampleman-Tremblay can be contacted at sandrine.ampleman-tremblay [at] mail.mcgill.ca


  • Doctor of Civil Law, DCL – McGill (2019-)
  • Master of Laws, LLM – Toronto (2017-2018)
  • Bachelor of Laws, LLB – Laval (2014-2017)

Awards and Scholarships

  • Joseph-Armand Bombardier CGS Master Scholarship (2017-2018)
  • Roll of Honour, University Laval-Faculty of Law (2017)
  • Excellence Scholarship, University Laval-Faculty of Law (2014)

Leyla Bahmany

Leyla BahmanyLeyla Bahmany is a doctoral candidate at McGill University Faculty of Law, researching and writing in the field of international arbitration.  She is a graduate of McGill Faculty of Law (LLM with Thesis, in International Commercial Arbitration), George Washington University Law School (LLM, in International and Comparative Law), and Shahid Beheshti University Faculty of Law (BCL).

For her doctoral studies, Leyla is focusing on international investment arbitration. Her dissertation analyzes and suggests solutions to the risk of double recovery in the investor-state dispute settlement system. Leyla is the research assistant to Prof. Fabien Gélinas (president of the Arbitration Department of the Canadian Chamber of Commerce and Sir William C. McDonald Chair at McGill Faculty of Law) where she has been researching on the approaches to arbitration and public policy in nine major jurisdictions in North America, Europe, and Asia.

Leyla is a member of the New York State Bar and has worked with two leading international law firms in Paris and Dubai. For more information, visit her LinkedIn profile.

Sarah-Maude Belleville-Chénard

Sarah-Maude Belleville-ChénardSarah-Maude Belleville-Chénard is a lawyer and a mediator, and a doctoral student at McGill University's Faculty of Law. Her current research focuses on environmental governance and the impacts the movement for the recognition of rights to Nature could have on Canadian law. Her project is supervised by Professor Sébastien Jodoin.

Before her doctoral studies, she completed a Master of Laws (LLM) at the Université de Montréal, where she studied intersectionality and the recognition of aboriginal women’s rights in Canada. She completed her Quebec Bar internship in Haiti with Lawyers Without Borders Canada, where she worked on a crime against humanity case before the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights.

She has also been in charge of the UNESCO World Heritage application file for Anticosti Island, after which Anticosti was nominated on the Canadian short list to be presented before the UNESCO.

Sarah-Maude Belleville-Chénard is a member of the Québec bar and works in a Montréal-based law firm specializing in Indigenous law. She has worked with Indigenous Peoples on files concerning human rights, environmental law and the Crown's duty to consult and accommodate.

Pierre-Alexandre Cardinal
Pierre-Alexandre Cardinal
Image by Lysanne Larose.

With a background in both the humanities and law, my current research builds bridges between international law, decolonial thinking and other critical philosophies. My dissertation, follows my prior publications in the field, dealing substantially with a critical history of international law. The research questions that animate my endeavours propose to understand the relationship between racial supremacism and international law, and how we are not yet in a post-racial age. Drawing inspiration from the Latin American school of Decolonial Thinking, one of my core interrogations lies in what has been termed the “epistemic privilege of modernity”, and in how it relates to the (racial) structures of international law.

My interests however go well beyond this. I write on foreign affairs, especially East Asian geopolitics and Chinese politics for local newspapers. My various ventures have also led me to develop a deep interest for environmental and animal law, wine law as well as sports law. The later clearly emerging from my passion for distance running, and from my collaborations with running publications, both online and in print, where I write on running and underground cultures. I thrive on the outdoors, which remains a constant inspiration throughout my work, and on community-building and grassroots organizing on sports and general health awareness.

Select publications

  • Cardinal P.A., "The Modern and the Traditional; Islam, Islamic law and capitulations in late Qajar Iran” (2018), 6:3 London Review of International Law, January 2019, online
  • F. Mégret & Cardinal P.A., “The Other “Other”; Moors, International Law and the Origin of the Colonial Matrix” in I. de la Rasilla del Moral & A. Shahid, International Law and Islam: Historical Explorations(Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, 2018), p.165-198.
  • Cardinal P.A., “Ontologicidal violence; Modernity-Coloniality and the Muslim Subject in International Law” in M. Woons & S. Weier, Critical Epistemologies of Global Politics, (Bristol: E-International Relations Publishing, 2017), p.100-115. Also online.
  • Cardinal P.A., “Resistance and International Law; De-coloniality and Pluritopic Hermeneutics”(2016), Inter-Gentes; McGill J. of Int’l Law & Leg. Plur., online

For more info, pierre-alexandr.cardinal [at] mail.mcgill.ca (reach out), check out my linkedin, instagram and academia profiles

Maria Adelaida Ceballos-Bedoya

Maria Adelaida Ceballos-BedoyaMaria is currently a doctoral student at McGill University's Faculty of Law and an O’Brien Fellow at the Centre for Human Rights and Legal Pluralism. She is a Colombian lawyer with a master’s degree in sociology from the National University of Colombia. Her doctoral project, supervised by Professor Shauna Van Praagh, examines gender inequality within the Colombian judiciary. More specifically, she is studying the factors that facilitate or hinder the entry of women to different judicial positions in a modern state with consolidation problems like the Colombian.

Before coming to McGill, Maria worked as a researcher at the Centre for the Study of Law, Justice, and Society (Dejusticia), a Colombian think tank focused on human rights research and strategic litigation in favour of vulnerable groups in Latin America. She also gained extensive teaching experience at EAFIT University (Medellin, Colombia), where she taught courses on Legal Sociology, and Constitution and Citizenship.

Maria has worked on numerous socio-legal research projects. As a result of this experience, she recently published two books (with Prof. Mauricio García-Villegas) on class and gender inequalities arising from the lack of regulation of the Colombian legal profession.

Selected Publications

2019 Abogados sin reglas. Los profesionales del derecho en Colombia: mucho mercado y poco Estado. [Lawless Lawyers. Legal Professionals in Colombia: A Big Market and a Small Government]. Bogota: Editorial Planeta. Co-author: Mauricio García Villegas. Avilable at: https://www.planetadelibros.com.co/libro-abogados-sin-reglas/291935 - Book

2019 La profesión jurídica en Colombia: falta de reglas y exceso de mercado [Legal Profession in Colombia. Scarce Rules and Excessive Market]. Bogota: Dejusticia. Available at: https://www.dejusticia.org/publication/la-profesion-juridica-en-colombia/ - Book

2018 Inclusión de género, exclusión de clase. Las mujeres en la educación jurídica colombiana [Gender Inclusion, Class Exclusion. Women in the Colombian Legal Education], in Revista de derecho – Universidad del Norte, n° 13, pp. 114-142. Available at http://rcientificas.uninorte.edu.co/index.php/derecho/article/view/10114/10808 - Peer-Reviewed Journal Article

2018 Educación jurídica y reproducción social en Colombia [Legal Education and Social Reproduction in Colombia], in Revista de Estudios Sociojurídicos – Universidad del Rosario, n° 20 (1), 77-105. Available at https://revistas.urosario.edu.co/index.php/sociojuridicos/article/view/5373 - Peer-Reviewed Journal Article

2016 Democracia, justicia y sociedad. Diez años de investigación en Dejusticia [Democracy, Justice and Society: Ten Years of Research at Dejusticia]. Bogota: Dejusticia. Co-editor: Mauricio García Villegas. Available at http://www.dejusticia.org/files/r2_actividades_recursos/fi_name_recurso.899.pdf - Edited Book

2016 Estudio preliminar. Derecho, justicia y sociedad en Colombia [Preliminary Study. Law, Justice, and Society in Colombia]. Co-author: Mauricio García Villegas, in Democracia, justicia y sociedad. Diez años de investigación en Dejusticia, pp. 15–46. Bogotá: Dejusticia. Available at http://www.dejusticia.org/files/r2_actividades_recursos/fi_name_recurso.899.pdf - Book Chapter

Awards and Scholarships

  • 2018 O’Brien Fellowship for Human Rights and Legal Pluralism. Centre for Human Rights and Legal Pluralism, McGill University.
  • 2017 Scholarship for the highest GPA. Master in Sociology, National University of Colombia.
  • 2014 Scholarship for the highest admission score. Master in Sociology, National University of Colombia.
  • 2012 Young Researchers Fellowship of the Colombian Administrative Department of Science, Technology and Innovation (Colciencias).
  • 2008 Leadership scholarship for student representatives. EAFIT University.

For more information, visit her LinkedIn profile or contact her at maria.ceballos [at] mail.mcgill.ca

Priscilla Césarphoto of Priscilla César

Priscilla Maria Dias Guimarães César is a Brazilian lawyer and researcher, and a doctoral student at McGill University’s Faculty of Law. Her research focuses on the challenges facing developing nations in designing IP and innovation systems, specifically in the field of biomedical research. Through her research, she examine the potential of open science models to further this research and to lead to economic benefit for those countries. She applies complex adaptive systems theory to understand the decision-making processes of different agents that are part of IP and innovation systems with particular attention to the role of academic and research communities and the state in Brazil in shaping those systems to improve the dialogue between law and science. Ms. César argues that understanding these systems’ complex dynamics, multiple actors and hierarchies is key to developing more effective IP laws and policies. Drawing on both theory and a case study analysis, her research aims to create a guiding framework of thinking to different agents interactions on these IP and innovation systems centered in access to knowledge and follow-on innovation. Her project is supervised by Professor Richard Gold.

Thesis Title

“Complex Adaptive Intellectual Property and Innovation Systems: Bridging the Gap between Law and Science and Promoting Openness in Biomedical Research and Development”.


  • Master of Laws at University of São Paulo (USP) Faculty of Law, Brazil, 2011;
  • Degree Certificate in Industrial Property at University of Buenos Aires (UBA), Argentina, 2007;
  • Bachelor in Law (Hons) USP Faculty of Law, Brazil, 2005.

Selected Professional and Research Experience

  • Researcher at the Centre for Intellectual Property Policy (CIPP) at McGill Faculty of Law, 2012-present and 2008-2009. Projects: Personalized, Accessible, Cost-Effective OMICS Technologies (PACEOMICS) and the International Barcode of Life (iBOL);
  • Graduate student fellow at the International Law Research Program (ILRP) at the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI), 2015-2018. Summer researcher (2017). Project on sustainable development goals (SDGs) and international law;
  • Tutor at the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Academy’s Distance Learning Program (2013-present) and lecturer at the WIPO Brazil Summer School on Intellectual Property, 2010-2011;
  • Lawyer (2005- present/ Sao Paulo State Bar Association, Brazil). Fields of specialization: intellectual property rights, private international law, international trade law, contracts, biodiversity and traditional knowledge, health law, law and development;
  • Collaborator with the Center for Study and Research on Health Law (CSRHL) at the University of São Paulo Public Health School, Brazil, 2011-present;
  • DCL Teaching Fellowship Program at McGill University Faculty of Law, “Intellectual and Industrial Property” Course, Supervisor: Prof. David Lametti, 2015;
  • National Coordinator at Universities Allied for Essential Medicines (UAEM) in Brazil, 2011-2012;
  • Researcher at International Trade Law and Development Institute (IDCID), Brazil, 2005-2008;
  • Researcher at Getúlio Vargas Foundation Faculty of Law, Brazil, 2008;
  • Lecturer at the WIPO Brazil Summer School on Intellectual Property, 2010-2011, and tutor at the WIPO Academy’s Distance Learning Course, 2013-present.

Selected Fellowships and Awards

  • Graduate Scholarship in International Law International, Law Research Program (ILRP) at the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI), 2015-2018.
  • Graduate Excellence Award in Law; Chief Justice R. A. Greenshields Scholarship, and Clive V. Allen Fellowship, Canada, 2012-2015;
  • Graduate Students Exchange Program (GSEP), Government of Canada, 2008- 2009;
  • Honor award for best undergraduate thesis from the Department of International and Comparative Law at USP Faculty of Law, Brazil, 2005.

Selected Publications

  • César, Priscilla M. D. G.. “How to Use Complex Adaptive Systems for Innovation: The Case of Knowledge Regulation in Biomedical Research and Development”. In “Innovation and the Triple Helix”. The European IP Institutes Network (EIPIN) Book Series. Edward Elgar. 2018. Upon review to publication.
  • César, Priscilla M. D. G.. “Openness in Science and Intellectual Property Rights: The Case of McGill University’s Montreal Neurological Institute”. CIGI-ILRP Commentary Series. Waterloo, Canada, 2016. In review to publication
  • César, Priscilla M.D.G.; Polido, Fabrício; Guise, Monica. “Propriedade Intelectual: Potencialidades e fragilidades do ambiente jurídico-institucional brasileiro para inovação”. In: Trubek, D.; Schapiro, M..(org.). “Direito e Desenvolvimento: Um Diálogo entre os BRICS”. São Paulo: Saraiva. 2012, p.135-180.
  • César, Priscilla M. D. G.. “Diretrizes Terapêuticas e Protocolos Clínicos: da ética do individual à coletiva para a efetivação do direito à saúde”. Rev. Direito Sanitário. V.13. N. 2. 2012. p. 156-172. Read online.
  • César, Priscilla M. D. G. “Análise crítica da proteção das patentes de invenção farmacêuticas e biotecnológicas: perspectiva dos países em desenvolvimento”. Master Thesis. University of Sao Paulo (USP) Faculty of Law. June 2011. Read online
  • Basso, Maristela; Salomão Filho, Calixto; César, Priscilla M. D. G.; Polido, Fabrício Pasquot. “Direitos de Propriedade Intellectual e Saúde Pública: o acesso universal aos medicamentos anti-retrovirais no Brasil”. IDCID: Sao Paulo, 2007. Read online

Lucas Clover Alcolea Lucas Clover Alcolea

Lucas Clover Alcolea is a doctoral candidate at McGill University Faculty of Law, researching and writing in the field of international arbitration and trusts under the supervision of Professor Fabien Gélinas.

After obtaining his LLB degree at Aberdeen University in 2014 he worked as a paralegal at a commercial UK law firm in Edinburgh until 2015 and then completed a part time LLM at Edinburgh University whilst working working as a legal assistant at the Judicial Institute for Scotland from 2015 – 2017. He is an active member of the graduate community at McGill University. He sits on the executive committees of the Graduate Law Students Association as well as the McGill Journal of Dispute Resolution. He is also currently the Chief Justice of the Judicial Board of the Postgraduate Student Society.

For his doctoral studies, Lucas is focusing on the challenges faced by the arbitration of internal trust disputes. His thesis outlines the practical and theoretical challenges caused by the intersection of trust and arbitration law before proceeding to suggest several means by which these challenges can be overcome. Lucas is a research assistant for Professor Fabien Gélinas in the area of international arbitration and in particular the UNCITRAL model law.

Alvaro R. Cordova Flores – O’Brien Fellowphoto of Alvaro R. Cordova Flores

Alvaro is a Peruvian lawyer and a O'Brian Fellowship recipient in Human Rights and Legal Pluralism. He is currently a student in the Doctoral Civil Law Program (DCL) at McGill University's Faculty of Law. He is conducting his research under the supervision of Colleen Sheppard, focusing on the intersections of the politics of identity, indigenous rights and legal realism. His ongoing research explores how non-indigenous judges resolve indigenous rights cases, and how certain judicial approaches can recreate cultural discrimination against indigenous peoples in Peru.

He started the LLM Program at the University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada in 2010 under the supervision of Jeremy Webber and Avigail Eisenberg. In his LLM thesis (The Right of Indigenous Self-Determination and the Right to Consultation in the Peruvian Constitutional Tribunal Jurisprudence [2005-2011]) Alvaro explored the relationship between the right of indigenous consultation and the right of indigenous self-determination in the Peruvian context.

Alvaro is a 2004 summa cum laude graduate from the University of Lima School of Law in Peru. He has extensive professional experience in areas of constitutional law and fundamental rights. Since 2004 he has worked at the Peruvian Constitutional Tribunal, and previously he worked at the Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission (2002). He also taught constitutional law (Fall 2010) at the Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola (Lima, Peru).

Vincent Dalpéphoto of Vincent Dalpé

Vincent’s research interests are in the areas of international criminal justice, transitional justice, social theory and domestic criminal law. In particular, he is interested in the incidence of symbolic representations of criminal justice on social behaviour, both on the international and domestic planes. His doctoral research centers on the difficulty of representing the symbols of an international criminal justice in post-genocidal societies. 

His prior research focused on the relationship between the International Criminal Court and state authorities in domestic mass atrocity prosecutions under Article 17(2) of the Rome Statute. Prior to his graduate studies, Vincent articled in a boutique class actions law firm in Montreal.


Dissertation: Not Guilty in the Sense of the Indictment: The International Criminal Law Project and the Challenge of Legal Pluralism. Supervisor: Professor René Provost


  • LLM, McGill University
  • LLB, Université Laval

Prizes, Fellowships & Awards

  • Joseph-Armand Bombardier Doctoral Scholarship, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC)


  •  “On the Difficult Case for a Functional Interpretation of the Unwillingness Criterion” (2017) 12:1 Journal of International Law and International Relations.
  •  “Delimiting the ICC’s Ominous Shadow: An Analysis of the Inability Criterion’s Application” (2016) 24 Finnish Yearbook of International Law.
  •  “Between Splendour and Disgrace: an Introductory Essay on Emotional Distress in the Law School Experience” (2015) Legal Education Seminar Working Paper Series.
  •  “Canada—Feed-in Tariff: Are FITs Desirable, or Even Legal? A Case Comment” (2014) 27.1 Revue Québécoise de droit international 87-112.

Laura Dehaibiphoto of Laura Dehaibi

Laura Dehaibi is a DCL candidate at the faculty of Law at McGill University and works under the supervision of Professor Kirsten Anker. She holds an LLB (2006) and an LLM (2012) from Université de Montréal. She is also member of the Quebec Bar since 2007.

For her masters’ thesis, Laura studied the protection of the freedom of association of agricultural workers at the international and Canadian level, under the supervision of Professor Isabelle Duplessis, for whom she also worked as a research assistant. Her main fields of research are in international human rights, labour law, social rights and social justice, history of law and jurisprudence.

In her doctoral research, Laura explores the intersections between individual and collective human rights at the international level, from an historical and discursive perspective. In particular, she is focusing her work on the relationship between the human right to property and rights to an adequate standard of living, such as the right to food and the right to shelter.

Fellowships & Awards:

  • Bourse de doctorat Hydro-Québec - droit (McGill, 2013-2014)
  • Graduate Excellence Award (McGill, 2014)
  • Graduate Research Enhancement and Travel Award (McGill, 2014)

Didem Doğar

Didem DoğarDidem Doğar is a doctoral candidate at McGill University Faculty of Law, studying the criminalization of migration under the supervision of Professor François Crépeau, and a research affiliate with the Refugee Law Initiative of the University of London. Her dissertation examines the current approaches to the implementation of Article 1F of the 1951 Refugee Convention (the exclusion provision) in Canada and abroad, and how these approaches influence broader refugees’ rights. Her most recent work, published by Refugee Survey Quarterly, examines the legal situation of asylum seekers who are suspected and/or convicted of criminality, but cannot be removed from Turkey due to the principle of non-refoulement.

Before embarking on her studies, Didem was working as a refugee status determination assistant at the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Turkey, where she specialized in exclusion-related cases. At McGill, she worked as a research assistant to Professor René Provost for his Insurgency Project and to Professor François Crépeau on the correlation between international trade law and migrant workers’ rights. Didem graduated from Bilkent University in 2010 and is a member of the Istanbul Bar. In a past life, Didem held a position at the Council of Europe’s Venice Commission and worked as a corporate lawyer in Istanbul.


  • Doctor of Civil Law (DCL), McGill University, Faculty of Law, 2016 - present
  • Master of Laws (LLM), McGill University, Faculty of Law, 2014-2016
  • Bachelor of Laws (hons), Bilkent University, Faculty of Law, 2005-2010


Valgerður Guðmundsdóttir

Valgerður GuðmundsdóttirValgerður Guðmundsdóttir is a lawyer and a doctoral student at McGill University‘s Faculty of Law. Her current research focuses on feminist legal theory and its affect on asylum law and policies. She is especially interested in the situation of female asylum seekers in the Nordic countries and Canada. Her project is supervised by Professor Payam Akhavan.

Prior to arriving in Montreal, Valgerður completed both her Bachelor and Master's degree in law at the University of Iceland where she focused on different human rights issues and refugee law. Her master thesis focused on the responsibility of European States in extraordinary renditions. Valgerður also studied at the University of Helsinki with an emphasis on Public International Law. Before completing her law degree, Valgerður took a leave from her studies to work for the Icelandic Ministry of Foreign Affairs at the Icelandic Mission at the United Nations in New York as a temporary Legal advisor. She mostly worked as the Icelandic representative in the 6th committee (legal issues), assisting with the 3rd (social, humanitarian and cultural issues) when necessary.

After graduating, Valgerður has worked as a lawyer for the Icelandic Ministry of Justice, the Icelandic Immigration and Appeals Board and most recently the Icelandic Directorate of Immigration as one of department heads in the asylum department. She is especially interested in certain aspects regarding feminist legal theory, refugee law, and various other human rights issues.

LinkedIn profile: linkedin.com/in/valgerður-gudmundsdottir-310294195/

Atagün Kejanlioglu

Atagün KejanliogluAtagün Mert Kejanlıoğlu is currently a doctoral student in the DCL (Doctor of Civil Law) program at McGill University Faculty of Law. He is writing his doctoral dissertation under the supervision of Professor Johanne Poirier. His dissertation is focused on populist challenges to constitutionalism and responses that constitutional theory can develop against these challenges.

After graduating from GaIatasaray University Faculty of Law (Istanbul) in 2013, he obtained his first master’s degree from University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne’s Fundamental Public Law program (Master 2 Recherche Droit Public Fondamental) in 2016 with his dissertation entitled “Le Président de la Republique dans les systèmes politiques turc et français” under the supervision of Prof. Marie-Anne Cohendet. He then graduated from another master’s program in public law at GaIatasaray University in 2017. His thesis focused on freedom of artistic expression in the case law of European Court of Human Rights.

Before starting his doctoral studies at McGill, he had been working as a research and teaching assistant in the constitutional law department at MEF University Faculty of Law (Istanbul) since March 2014. His research interests include comparative constitutional law, constitutional theory and European human rights law.

Aram Daniel Kerkonian

Aram Daniel KerkonianAram Daniel Kerkonian is a consultant and the Erin J.C. Arsenault Doctoral Fellow in space law at McGill University’s Institute of Air and Space Law where he investigates the structure and gaps of Canada’s existing space regulatory framework, with a view to improving the same for the era of commercial space. In addition to being a licensed attorney with the Law Society of Ontario – having completed his articles as a judicial law clerk of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice – Aram holds a Master of Laws degree from McGill University, a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Windsor and an Honours Bachelor of Arts degree from Queen’s University. Aram has also studied at Harvard University and the International Peace and Security Institute.

Aram is the Institute of Air and Space Law’s representative to the US Federal Aviation Administration’s Center of Excellence for Commercial Space Transportation where he researches, presents and participates in activities related to the commercialisation of space. Aram is also the coach of the McGill Manfred Lachs Space Law Moot Court Team (current champions of North America), having previously participated as a student and received international recognition for his accomplishments (Best Oralist, Best Briefs, North American Champions, World Finals Semi-Finalists). In addition to publishing a book of edited works, various book chapters and multiple articles in leading international space law journals, Aram has drafted two reports for the Government of Canadian (the first leading to the creation of a federal Interdepartmental Sub-Working Group on Space and the second being tabled in Parliament).

In addition to his doctoral research, Aram also manages a consultancy (Ardaker Space Consultants) on space law and policy for public, private and not-for-profit entities. Some of his representative work includes drafting and interpreting laws for an international organisation dedicated to advancing human achievements in space as well as providing Canada’s Space Advisory Board with legal insight in Canada’s regulatory framework.

Aram is frequently invited to present and speak on issues of space law and policy at Canadian and international events and has been interviewed by several news and media outlets related to these topics. In addition, he regularly participates in academic conferences and workshops.

Thesis Title

  • "New Law for New Space: Canada's Need for a Comprehensive Outer Space Act"


  • DCL, McGill University (ongoing)
  • LLM, McGill University (2017)
  • JD, University of Windsor (2014)
  • BA(H), Queen's University (2011)

Selected Scholarships and Awards

  • Erin JC Arsenault Fellowship, McGill University (2017-2020)
  • Joseph Armand Bombardier Scholarship, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (2016)
  • Nicholas M Matte Prize, McGill University (2016)
  • Eileen M Galloway Award, International Institute of Space Law (2016)
  • Milton S Smith Award, International Institute of Space Law (2016)
  • Robert E Morrow Fellowship, McGill University (2015)
  • Dorothy A Waddicor Award, University of Windsor (2014)

Selected Publications

  • Aram Daniel Kerkonian, "Monograph Series VI: Global Space Governance and the UN 2030 Agenda", (Montreal: CRASL, 2018).
  • Ram Jakhu and Aram Daniel Kerkonian, “Second Independent Review of Canada’s Remote Sensing Space Systems Act”, (2019) 42:1 Journal of Space Law 1-37.
  • Aram Daniel Kerkonian, “The Possible Regulation of Certain Space Activities Through an International Organization: Tutmonda Spaco Agentejo”, (2018) 67:2 German Journal of Air and Space Law 279-296.
  • Aram Kerkonian, “Human Spaceflight”, Chapter 11 in Ram Jakhu and Joseph Pelton, eds., Global Space Governance: An International Study, (Switzerland: Springer, 2017) 249-265.
  • Aram Kerkonian, “Space Migration and Colonization”, Chapter 19 in Ram Jakhu and Joseph Pelton, eds., Global Space Governance: An International Study, (Switzerland: Springer, 2017) 479-517.

Professional Memberships

  • Law Society of Ontario
  • Armenian Bar Association
  • Federal Aviation Administration Center of Excellence on Commercial Space Transportation
  • Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute
  • Institute of Air and Space Law Alumni Association

Maria Manoli

Maria ManoliMaria Manoli is a doctoral candidate and an Erin J C Arsenault doctoral fellow in space governance at the Institute of Air and Space Law (IASL) of the McGill Faculty of Law since 2016. Prior to her doctoral studies, she obtained a LLM in Air and Space Law from the same Institute (2014-2015). In addition, she holds a LLM in Public International Law, and a LLM in Civil Law from the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, where she also completed her undergraduate law degree with honors.

She is currently conducting her doctoral research in the field of space law under the supervision of Professor Ram Jakhu. Her thesis topic addresses the meaning of the notions of sovereignty and property within the borderless legal regime that surrounds the uses of outer space, with special focus on resource utilization.

In the past, she has worked as a legal researcher for the Permanent Representation of Greece at the International Civil Aviation Organization, as a junior project manager for the Secure World Foundation, as a legal researcher for the Hellenic Competition Commission, and as a trainee lawyer for the Legal Council of Greece and the Hellenic Ministry of Environment and Energy. Maria has clerked at the Public Prosecutor’s Office of the Athens Court of Appeals and she is a lawyer registered at the Athens Bar Association.

Furthermore, Maria has participated in several research projects worldwide and has been a research assistant for the IASL since 2014. She has coached the Manfred Lachs Space Law Moot Court teams of the IASL from 2014 to 2017 with multiple awards and distinctions, including the “Best Team” award at the North American rounds of 2016 and the “Eillene Galloway Award for Best Memorial” at the international rounds of the same year. She has also been a teaching fellow for the “Public International Law” course of the McGill Faculty of Law, and has completed a teaching mentorship in the “Foundations” course of the same faculty.

In 2017, she participated as a researcher in the Centre for Studies and Research in International Law and International Relations “50 Years of Space Law – Space Law in 50 Years” at The Hague Academy of International Law (French-speaking section). She is the author of the chapter «La guerre des étoiles? Une perspective réaliste?» in the book 50 Years of Space Law – Space Law in 50 Years that will be published in the Centre for Studies and Research in International Law and International Relations Series by the Hague Academy of International Law in 2019.

She has delivered presentations and lectures on space law and public international law to more than 30 conferences and workshops around the world and she has authored and co-authored several publications, and co-edited two books (Maria Manoli and Sandy Belle Habchi, Monograph Series V – Conflicts in Space and the Rule of Law (Montreal: McGill Institute and Centre for Research in Air and Space Law, 2017); George D Kyriakopoulos and Maria Manoli, The Space Treaties at Crossroads – Considerations de Lege Ferenda (Switzerland: Springer, forthcoming)).

During her studies she has received several fellowships and awards, such as the Erin J C Arsenault Fellowship in Space Governance (DCL, 2016-2019, LLM), the Nicolas M Matte Prize (LLM), the R E Morrow QC Fellowship (DCL), the Nicolas M Matte Fellowship (DCL), two Teaching Tomorrow’s Professors Awards (DCL) Graduate Excellence Awards (DCL), Graduate Research Enhancement and Travel Awards (LLM, DCL), and International Graduate Mobility Awards (DCL). She has also received a “Constantine Economides” distinction by the Hellenic Association for International Law and International Relations for her LLM thesis during her LLM in Air and Space Law. In 2017, she was awarded the ESA-ISEB IAC sponsorship by the European Space Agency for her participation in the 68th International Astronautical Congress.

In September 2018, Maria joined the Guest Program of the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for International, European and Regulatory Procedural Law as a visiting scholar to conduct part of her doctoral research.

Ivan Ozai

Ivan Ozai

Ivan Ozai is a Richard Tomlinson fellow and a doctoral candidate at McGill University Faculty of Law, where he researches the connections between tax law and policy, political philosophy, and global governance. His work has been published or is forthcoming in various peer-reviewed journals, including the Dalhousie Law Journal, the Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence, the Fordham International Law Journal, the World Tax Journal, the Journal of Contemporary Tax Law, the Journal of Tax Studies, and the Journal of Contemporary Public Law. In 2019, his book Tax Expenditures in Goods and Services Tax was published in Brazil by Editora Lumen Juris.

His doctoral research is supported by the Bourse au doctorat en recherche by the Fonds de recherche du Québec, Société et culture (FRQSC), the CIGI IRLP Doctoral Fellowship by the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI), the Richard H. Tomlinson Doctoral Fellowship by McGill University, and the Bourse de rédaction pour doctorants en études internationales by the Centre d’études et de recherches internationales de l’Université de Montréal (CÉRIUM). Among other awards, the publication of part of this research has received the 2018 IFA USA Writing Award by the International Fiscal Association (IFA) and the 2019 Relève étoile Paul-Gérin-Lajoie Award by the Fonds de recherche du Québec, Société et culture (FRQSC).

He previously served as a tax court judge in Brazil, was the head of the Advance Tax Rulings Directorate of the São Paulo State Department of Treasury, and was the founding director of the Centre for Research in Taxation in São Paulo. Prior to his government appointments, he practiced as a lawyer and a tax consultant.

Publications on SSRN: https://ssrn.com/author=2553856
Twitter: https://twitter.com/IvanOzai
LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/ivan-ozai

Pierre-Luc Racine

Pierre-Luc RacinePierre-Luc Racine est un candidat au doctorat à la Faculté de droit de l’Université McGill. Il s’intéresse au droit d’auteur et aux effets des nouvelles technologies sur la société. Sous la direction du Professeur Pierre-Emmanuel Moyse, sa recherche doctorale explore la place des intérêts des utilisateurs dans le droit d’auteur canadien dans le contexte des plateformes numériques. À titre de membre du Centre des politiques en propriété intellectuelle, Pierre-Luc a coorganisé la conférence internationale Regards comparés sur l’évolution de la propriété intellectuelle en France et au Canada, coordonné le cours IP Uncharted offert durant la Focus Week et participé à l’Atelier pratique ISDE/CIPPI sur les savoirs traditionnels autochtones. En 2020-2021, il sera l’auxiliaire juridique du juge en chef de la Cour d’appel fédérale.

Pierre-Luc is a doctoral candidate at the Faculty of Law of McGill University. His academic interests include copyright law and the impact of technology on society. Under the supervision of Professor Pierre-Emmanuel Moyse, his doctoral research explores the place of users’ interests in the Canadian copyright framework in the context of digital platforms. As a member of the Centre for Intellectual Property Policy, Pierre-Luc co-organized the international conference Regards comparés sur l’évolution de la propriété intellectuelle en France et au Canada, coordinated the course IP Uncharted offered during the Focus Week and participated to the Workshop on Indigenous Traditional Knowledge. For the 2020-2021 academic year, he will clerk for the chief justice at the Federal Court of Appeal.


  • Doctor of Civil Law (DCL), McGill University, Faculty of Law, 2019 – present
  • Mineure en sciences économiques, Université de Montréal, 2019
  • Master of Laws (LLM), University of Toronto, Faculty of Law, 2017-2018
  • Baccalauréat en droit (LLB), Université de Sherbrooke, Faculté de droit, 2012-2015

Awards and Scholarships

  • McGill Graduate Excellence Fellowship, 2019 – present
  • Graduate Fellowship in Innovation Law and Policy, University of Toronto, Faculty of Law, 2017-2018
  • Palmarès du Doyen, Université de Sherbrooke, Faculté de droit, 2013, 2014, 2015
  • Prix d’excellence des Éditions Yvon Blais en rédaction juridique, Université de Sherbrooke, Faculté de droit, 2013


  • Pierre-Luc Racine, “Fostering Expressive Knowledge: The Copyrightabiliy of Computer-Generated Works in Canada” (2020) 60(3) IDEA 83.
  • Pierre-Luc Racine, “Copyright Digital Exhaustion: A Public Interest Approach for the Retransfer of Licensed Digital Content in Canada” (2019) 31(3) IPJ 361.

Mirosław Michał Sadowski

Mirosław Michał SadowskiMirosław Michał Sadowski is a doctoral candidate at McGill University’s Faculty of Law, and a recent LLM graduate of the University of Wrocław, Poland.

His main interests lie in the intersections between law and memory, sociology of law, cultural heritage law and the law of Hong Kong and Macau SARs, but in his research he also explores international law and political science. His thesis, written under the supervision of prof. Payam Akhavan, will focus on a comprehensive examination of the relationship between law and memory.

Mr. MM Sadowski has published eight articles so far, inter alia:

  • “Law and Memory: The Unobvious Relationship”
  • “Crossroads of the World, Crossroads of the Law: Hong Kong and Macau Legal Systems Approaching 20 Years Post-Transition”
  • “Urban Cultural Heritage: Managing and Preserving a Local Global Common in the Twenty-first Century”
  • and a book chapter, “Collective Memory and Historical Determinacy: The Shaping of the Polish Transition”

His complete bibliography may be found on mcgill.academia.edu/MiroslawMSadowski.

Mr. Sadowski presented at a number of international conferences, notably CLC 2015 – 2018, SLSA 2016 – 2019 and McGill’s GLSA 2017 and 2019. He also is a member of the UK Socio-Legal Studies Association and the Richard Wagner Society of Wrocław.

Oana-Maria Stefanescu

Oana-Maria StefanescuOana-Maria Stefanescu is a doctoral candidate at McGill University Faculty of Law. Her dissertation, supervised by Professor Fabien Gélinas, explores cross-citation practices among national and international courts and tribunals, aiming to deconstruct and reinterpret common dogmas about adjudication.

Prior to her doctoral studies, Ms. Stefanescu obtained an LLM from the same institution with a focus on international investment arbitration (2016-2017). She completed her BCL studies at West University of Timisoara, Romania (2012-2016). Her graduation thesis discussed some general trends and divergent aspects in the application of private international law conventions, with emphasis on the interpretation of The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) by domestic courts and arbitral tribunals. Her current research interests include international commercial and investment arbitration, legal theory, and tech law.

Ms. Stefanescu is the recipient of several fellowships and awards, such as the Aubrey Senez Fellowship in Law, the Yves Fortier International Arbitration Graduate Award, Graduate Excellence Awards, and the Graduate Research Enhancement and Travel Award. In addition to her academic pursuits, she is an active member of the McGill community. Ms. Stefanescu currently sits as a Post-Graduate Students' Society (PGSS) representative on several committees. Previously, she was involved in the organization of the 12th Annual Graduate Law Conference and acted as Senior and Executive editor at the McGill Journal of Dispute Resolution.

LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/oanamstefanescu/

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