Welcome to the Biomechanics of Occupation and Sport (BOS) Laboratory

Biomechanics of Occupation and Sport (BOS) Laboratory

The main objectives of McGill’s Biomechanics of Occupation and Sport (BOS) Laboratory is to:

  • Advance fundamental knowledge on mechanisms of muscle fatigue and musculoskeletal injuries/disorders (MSDs) in sport and occupational settings
  • Develop applied knowledge to improve the effectiveness of training and rehabilitation interventions to reduce the burden of MSDs and increase sport performance.
  • Advance knowledge on determinants of performance and health for men and women of all ages, so as to contribute to more equitable, diverse and inclusive health and performance interventions.
  • Lead highly qualified research trainees into developing successful careers as health care professionals, ergonomists, exercise physiologists, and/or independent scientists.

The vision of BOS is that more knowledgeable and competent graduates will significantly contribute to better health and quality of life and improve human performance and wellbeing for all.

Current Projects

  • The effect of localized muscle fatigue on upper body muscle activation in a multi-joint repetitive task
  • Sex differences in shoulder muscle activation and fatigue among elite water polo players
  • The effect of old age on muscle activation variability: Exploring gait, upper limb fatigue, and potential muscular mechanisms
  • The effect of localized muscle fatigue on body posture and coordination
  • Anti-Fatigue Lenses and Sex Influence on Shoulder-Neck Musculoskeletal Mechanisms in University Students Identifying as Laptop Users


Current Funding

  • 2015 - 2020: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) Discovery and Accelerator grants: 'Biomechanical modeling of posture and movement coordination: fatigue, gender and aging effects'.
  • 2018 – 2023: Canada Foundation for Innovation Equipment and Infrastructure grant: “Merged infrastructure to study the multidimensional aspects of muscle fatigue”.

Scientific Team


Lab Director

Dr. Julie Côté

Professor / Chair, Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education

Phone: (514) 398-4184 x 0539

julie.cote2 [at] mcgill.ca (E-mail)


Current Students

Christopher Bailey, PhD

Hometown: Napanee, Ontario

BSc Kinesiology (Honours), Queen’s University
MSc Biomechanics, Queen’s University
Visiting scholar, University of Cagliari, Italy

Current Degree:
PhD, Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education

2017-2020: NSERC Doctoral Fellowship
2016-2018: Bloomberg-Manulife Fellowship
2019: Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation (CRIR) Colloquium Best Poster Award
2019: CIHR Institute of Aging Community Support Travel Award
2018: McGill Graduate Research Enhancement and Travel Award
2018: Education Graduate Student Society (EGSS) Graduate Student Enhancement Award
2018: Quebec Rehabilitation Research Network (REPAR) Conference Travel Award
2017: REPAR Internship Award
2016: McGill Graduate Mobility Grant

Research Thesis:
The effect of old age on muscle activation variability: Exploring gait, upper limb fatigue, and potential muscular mechanisms

About Me:
I joined McGill in Fall 2016 to combine my interests in neuromuscular aging and biomechanics. Outside of the lab, you will catch me on the ice playing hockey, in the pool swimming, and on the road running and cycling

Sample publication:
Bailey, C. A., Corona, F., Pilloni, G., Porta, M., Fastame, M. C., Hitchcott, P. K., … Côté, J. N. (2018). Sex-dependent and sex-independent muscle activation patterns in adult gait as a function of age. Experimental Gerontology, 110, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2018.05.005

All publications available at: Google Scholar | ResearchGate

Chen Yang, PhD

Luoyang, China

BEd Kinesiology, Xi’an Physical Education University, China
MSc Kinesiology, Shanghai University of Sport, China
Visiting Scholar, University of Michigan, United States

Current Degree:
PhD, Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education

2019 – 2021: Fonds de recherche du Québec – Santé (FRQS) PhD training award
2018 – 2019: Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation of Great Montreal (CRIR) Doctoral Bursary Program 2018 – 2019: Graduate Student Travel Award in Education
2017 – 2018: Canadian MSK Rehab Research Network Trainee Award
2016 – 2017: Bloomberg Manulife Fellowship.

Research Thesis:
My PhD thesis focuses on the kinematic compensation for muscle fatigue in repetitive movement, by looking at the body posture, movement variability, and coordination.

About Me:
I enjoy doing different sports, such as weight lifting, judo and basketball.

Sample publication:
Yang C, Bouffard J, Ghayourmanesh S, Srinivasan D, Cantú H, Begon M, Côté JN (2018). Changes in movement variability and task performance during a fatiguing repetitive pointing task. Journal of Biomechanics, 76, 212-219.

All publications available at: ResearchGate

Lily Dong, MSc

Kanata, Ontario

BSc Kinesiology (Honours), Western University

Current Degree:
MSc Biomechanics and Neuroscience

2019: T. Palmer Howard Award

Research Thesis:
Sex differences in shoulder muscle activation and fatigue among elite water polo players

About Me:
I'm on the McGill Artistic Swimming Team, though I've recently added spikeball and inner tube water polo to my athletic repertoire. Outside of sport, ice cream, grocery shopping, and exploring are some of my favourite things.

Geneviève Gill, MSc

Montreal, Quebec

BSc in Kinesiology, McGill University

Current Degree:
MSc Biomechanics and Neuroscience

Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail

Research Thesis:
Computer Lenses and Sex Influence on Shoulder-Neck Musculoskeletal Mechanisms in University Students Identifying as Laptop Users

About Me:
Throughout my academic experience, I found a love for occupational ergonomics and associated research. I’m interested in investigating and developing occupational solutions for people at risk of MSDs or other disabilities, to optimize work conditions and ultimately one’s quality of life. The next step after my master’s degree will be to explore clinical work, in the field of occupational ergonomics/therapy. I love to travel, learning languages, and play soccer, tennis and volleyball recreationally. I am extremely grateful that during my McGill experience, both undergraduate and master's, I have been been able to play various intramural sports with the Kinesiology & Physical Education department.

Erika Renda, MSc

Montreal, Quebec

BSc Biochemistry, Concordia University
MScA(OT) Occupational Therapy, McGill University

Current Degree:
MSc Biomechanics and Neuroscience

Research Thesis:
Sex effect of localized muscle fatigue on upper body muscle activation in a multi-joint repetitive task

About Me:
Due to my experience in occupational therapy I have a research interest in the effect of musculoskeletal disorders on one's ability to perform occupational tasks as well as which ergonomic postures and positions are best for individuals when performing these tasks. When I’m not doing school work or working (as an occupational therapist), I spend my time working out or watching Netflix.

Google Scholar

Renda E, Amirali Karmali S, Yordanova I, Schwartz S, Mahdid Y, Ghosh A, … Boudrias, MH (2019). Current Stimulation on an Individual’s Ability to Learn to Control a Brain-Computer Interface. McGill Journal of Medicine.

Matt Slopecki, MSc

Brentwood, England

BSc Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences, Brunel University London, England

GESTE - pour le partage des connaissances scholarship 2020
Graduate Excellence Fellowship 2019-20

Current Degree:
MSc Biomechanics and Neuroscience

Research Thesis:

About Me:
I am an avid traveller and take great enjoyment in experiencing new and different cultures. This is the 4th country I have lived in over the last 4 years! I am a keen sports person, having played both Rugby Union and League to a high level throughout my childhood before stopping as a result of continued shoulder injuries. Hence, my own research interest developed. My interest is focused towards understanding the mechanisms that underpin upper limb motor control during the onset of muscular fatigue and the application of this knowledge to pathological populations.

Andrew Yoon, MSc

Fredericton, New Brunswick

BSc in Kinesiology, McGill University

Current Degree:
MSc Exercise Physiology

Research Thesis:

About Me:
My research interest in sports performance/injuries stems from getting variety of injuries in volleyball and doing Jiu-Jitsu. I love to play and watch any kinds of sports with my friends and doing outdoor activities. I would love to one day work as an exercise physiologist for elite-level athletes.

Sample publication:
Yoon S, Lefrançois-Daignault T, Côté JN (2019). Effects of cycling while typing on upper limb and performance characteristics. Appl Ergon 80: 161-167

All publications available at: ResearchGate



Post Doc

Samuel Leitkam; Mechanical modeling of human manual tasks. Co-supervisor: Philippe Archambault (McGill P&OT); 2017 – 2019.

Jason Bouffard; Effet de l’expertise et du sexe sur les techniques de travail et la résistance à la fatigue lors de tâches impliquant des mouvements répétitifs à faibles charges au membre supérieur. Co-supervisor: Mickael Begon, Université de Montréal; 2016 – 2018; Current position: Assistant Professor (tenure-track), Universite Laval.

Kathryn Sinden; Gender-specific biometrics associated with work-related MSD; 2015 – 2016; Current position: Assistant Professor (tenure-track), Lakehead University.

Suzy Ngomo; Effects of repetitive upper limb work on muscle co-contraction and predictors of pain; 2012-13; Current position: Assistant Professor (tenure track), U. Québec à Chicoutimi.

Brenda Santos; validity and reliability of EMG in measuring force and fatigue; 2008 – 2009; Current position: researcher, United States’ National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).


Hiram Cantu: Designing a clinical tool to assess upper limb freezing mechanisms in people with Parkinson’s disease; 2012 – now; Current position: Academic Program Director, Biomedical Engineering, University of Monterrey, Mexico.

Amir Vafadar (co-direction with Philippe Archambault, McGill P&OT), PhD Rehabilitation Sciences, Validation of a shoulder position sense measurement instrument for clinical use; 2009 – 2015; Current position: Physiotherapist, Clinic Director, Dena Sports Physio, Montreal.

David Antle: The use of participatory ergonomics and laboratory based methods to design and implement ergonomic solutions. 2008 – 2013; Current position : Medical Student, University of Alberta; Senior Research Consultant, EWI Works, Adjunct Professor, U. Alberta.

Jason Fuller (fast-tracked from Master’s): Effects of fatigue on the postural stabilization mechanisms used during repetitive reaching; 2005 – 2011; Current position: Co- Founder, Statespace©.

Karen Lomond: Effects of fatigue and of neck-shoulder pain on posture-movement coordination during upper limb tasks; 2005 – 2010; Current position: Assistant Professor, Ithaca College, USA.


Savannah King: Effects of bimanual athletic expertise on adaptations to repetitive motion-induced fatigue; 2017 – 2019. Current position: Academic Project Coordinator, Assistant coach of the McGill Varsity swim team, McGill.

Michelle Caron: Effects of unilateral athletic expertise on adaptations to repetitive motion-induced fatigue; 2016 – 2019. Current position: Research Associate, INÉDI©

Maxana Weiss: Aging effects on the coordination response to fatigue in men. 2016 – 2018; Current position: Ph.D. student

Eric Sunghoon Minn: Effects of repetitive arm motion-induced fatigue physical, perceptual and performance characteristics associated with a fine manual task; 2015 – 2017; Current position: Ph.D. student.

Annamaria Otto: Gender differences in the fatigue effects on physical and experienced pain responses. 2015 – 2017; Current position: podiatry school student.

Zachary Weber: Effects of sensory supplementation on repetitive motion-induced fatigue; 2014 – 2016; Current position: physiotherapy student, McGill.

Amanda Farias: Muscular, vascular and postural characteristics of computer work using laptop vs extended monitor setup. 2014 – 2016; current position: Ph.D. student, McMaster.

Jonathan Pendenza: whole-body effects and gender differences in work-induced hypoalgesia; 2014 – 2015 (withdrew). Current position: physiotherapy student.

Michael Yehoyakim: Effects of fatigue on lifting coordination in females. 2013 – 2015.

Adrien Moufflet: Identification of objective measures of neck/shoulder fatigue during simulated auto work assembly work at shoulder height. 2013 – 2015; Current positions: osteopath, centre sportif UQAM; director of sport-study collegial program, Lac Saint-Louis.

Larissa Fedorowich: Effects of walking while typing on computer work-related performance and neck-shoulder characteristics. 2012 – 2014; Current position: research assistant, McGill Rehabilitation Sciences.

Hiram Cantu: Mechanisms of trunk movement compensations to repetitive motion- induced arm fatigue; 2010 – 2012; Consequent position: PhD student.

Bridget Gervasi: Effects of repetitive motion-induced fatigue on rhythm sense. 2010 – 2012; Current position: kinesiologist, manager, Nautilus.

Thorbjørn Johansen (co-direction with Pascal Madeleine, Aalborg University, Denmark); M.Sc. Biomedical Engineering; Gender effects on the coordination of subdivisions of the trapezius muscle during a repetitive box-folding task; 2009 – 2011; Current position: college teacher.

Ian Kutschke: Effects of Alexander technique training on neck-shoulder posture and movement. 2008 – 2010; Current position: teacher.

Evelyne Boulay: Test-retest properties of shoulder range of motion, force and power in healthy subjects. 2007 – 2009; Current position: occupational health/safety dep. director, Zodiac technologies© (USA).

Alison Reichert: Test-retest properties of objective maximal neck force measures in a population of healthy adults. 2007 – 2009; Current position: PhD student.

Petko Baltov; M.Sc. Rehabilitation Sciences (co-direction with Debbie Feldman, Université de Montréal); Psychosocial predictors of whiplash injury chronicity; 2006 – 2008; Current position: physiotherapist.

Kim Emery: Effects of Pilates training on arm-trunk posture and movement. 2006 – 2008; Current position: research assistant.

Isabelle Pearson; M. Sc. Rehabilitation Sciences (co-direction with Jean-Pierre Dumas, McGill P&OT); Cervical isometric strength measurements in whiplash- associated disorders: test-retest properties of the Multi-Cervical Unit and effects of pain and fear of movement. 2006 – 2008; Current position : physiotherapist, faculty lecturer.

Leslie-Ann Stewart: Influence of orthotic wear on gait coordination. 2004 – 2007. Current Position: occupational therapist, Best Doctors© Insurance company.

Marc Therrien; M.Sc. Kinesiology (co-direction with François Prince at Université de Montréal); Caractérisation de la posture assise chez les enfants sains et ceux atteints de déficit moteur cérébral; 2004 – 2007; Current position : clinical kinesiologist, Emovi©.

Isabelle Patenaude: The effects of whiplash-associated disorders on the kinematic and the electromyographic responses of individuals submitted to anterior surface translations in the sitting position. 2004 – 2006. Current position: physiotherapist, Clinique de physiothérapie Pierre-Boucher, Longueuil, QC.

Recent Publications

BOS lab publications available at: Google Scholar

Research Equipment, Facilities, and Infrastructure

Laval - Emphasizes research with vulnerable groups (older adults, patients with Parkinson’s Disease). The lab constitutes three offices and a 72.8 m2 lab equipped with the following:

  • Passive, high-resolution motion capture system (Vicon MX3 6-camera system)
  • Wireless telemetric 24-channel muscle activity recording system with passive surface electrodes (Noraxon)
  • Two six-degree-of-freedom force plates (AMTI)
  • Multi-directional neck force and amplitude measurement system (BTE Tech)
  • Multi-attachment occupational task force and amplitude measurement system (BTE Tech)
  • Lower limb dynamometric assessment system (KINCOM)
  • Electromagnetic motion analysis system (POLHEMUS)
  • Laser Doppler flowmeter (MOOR)
  • Thermotest system (SOMEDIC)
  • Algometer (SOMEDIC)
  • Telemetric movement and muscle activity data capture (Biometrix)
  • Kistler treadmill
  • Monark cycle ergometer
  • Monark arm ergometer

McGill - Emphasizes research into the mechanisms of muscle fatigue and musculoskeletal disorders from diverse perspectives (e.g. ergonomics, motor control, physiology and sports). The 74 m2 space is equipped with the following:

  • Contrex dynamometer
  • ISS Near Infrared Spectroscopy
  • GE Ultrasound
  • MagStim Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
  • Digitimer muscle stimulator
  • Monark cycle ergometer
  • Monark arm ergometer
  • Delsys Surface and intramuscular electromyography
  • 9-camera Vicon Nexus motion capture
  • 2 AMTI force plates
  • Custom-build motion base platform
  • Sit-stand stool, standing and biking desks


ISPGR 2009

Lab members attending the 2009 ISPGR conference in Bologna, Italy. Left to Right: Karen Lomond, Julie Côté, Jason Fuller, Kim Emery

Path 2019

Lab members attending the 2019 McGill PATH conference. Left to right: Genevieve Gill, Matt Slopecki, Lily Dong, Andrew Yoon, Chris Bailey, Julie Côté, Chen Yang.



Congratulations to Lily for being honoured with Marlet Foundation award!

Contact Us

Dr. Julie Côté

McGill University
Currie Gymnasium, room A218
475 Pine Avenue west
Montreal (QC) H2W 1S4
Tel.: (514) 398-4184 Ext.0539
Fax : (514) 398-4186

Google Maps

Jewish Rehabilitation Hospital
3205 Alton-Goldbloom Place
Laval (QC) H7V 1R2
Tel.: (450) 688-9550 Ext. 4813
Fax : (450) 688-3116

Google Maps

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