Earth Sciences and Economics


This domain explores the way in which the resources necessary for human society are extracted from the earth, used as raw materials in our factories and refineries, and then returned to the earth as waste. Geological processes have formed the resources we depend on; as well, they determine the fate of waste returned to the environment. Understanding Earth’s geologic processes provides us with the knowledge to mitigate many of society’s environmental impacts caused by resource extraction and waste disposal. As well, it is important to understand the role that economics plays – in determining which types of energy we use, and in managing, treating, and disposing of our waste.

This Domain covers the fundamentals of both disciplines. Students learn of minerals, rocks, soils and waters – and how they interact with each other, and with the atmosphere. Economic theory and the economic effects of public policy related to resource industries, methods of waste disposal, and the effects of climate change on the global economy are also explored.


This degree can lead you to exciting careers in industry, government, and academic research. Possible careers include:

  • Land Use Planner
  • Sustainable Development Professional
  • Environmental Economist
  • Environmental Analyst
  • Journalist / Science Communicator

Possible minors

Minors are a great way to customize your academic experience. Many students use minors to pursue interests outside their major, while others choose minors to complement their degree.

Related majors

Discover these related majors:

Ready to apply?

For this program, you'll need to apply to the Faculty of Science in the Physical, Earth, Math & Computer Sciences group.

See the full eligibility information for more information about deadlines and required documents for your application.

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