Mark Driscoll

Title: 
Assistant Professor
Academic title(s): 

NSERC Chair in Design Engineering for Interdisciplinary Innovation of Medical Technologies

Chwang-Seto Faculty Scholar

Mark Driscoll
Contact Information
Address: 

Macdonald Engineering Building, Room 153

Email address: 
mark.driscoll [at] mcgill.ca
Biography: 

Professional engineer with in-depth experience in the implementation of new product ideas from concept phase to commercially viable completion. A proven research and development record respectfully acknowledged in peer-reviewed scientific publications and adjudged presentations in the field of musculoskeletal biomechanics with focus on the spine.

 

Degree(s): 

Industrial Post-Doctoral

Ph.D. Biomedical Engineering, École Polytechnique of Montreal

B. Eng. Mechanical Engineering, McGill University

Courses: 

MECH 463 - Final Year Capstone Design Project 

MECH393 - Machine Element Design

MECH 561 - Biomechanics of Musculoskeletal Systems

MECH 290 - Graphic Design

 

 

Research areas: 
Bioengineering
Selected publications: 
  1. Driscoll, M., Aubin, C-E., Moreau, A. and Parent, S., (2008) Stress shielding within the scoliotic spine: a progressive risk factor? Stud Health Technol Inform. 157: 356.
  2. Driscoll, M., Aubin, C-E., Parent, S., Moreau, A. and Villemure, I., (2009) The role of concave-convex biases in the progression of idiopathic scoliosis. Eur Spine J, 18: p. 180-187.
  3. Beaudette, K., Boudoux, C., Driscoll, M., Strupler, M., Maciejko, R. and Aubin, C-E., (2010) Towards a Handheld Probe based on Coherence Tomography for Minimally Invasive Spine Surgeries. Stud Health Technol Inform, 158: 49-54.
  4. Driscoll, M., Aubin, C-E., Parent, S. and Moreau, A., (2010) Finite Element Comparison of Different Growth Sparring Instrumentation Systems for the Early Treatment of Idiopathic Scoliosis. Stud Health Technol Inform, 158: 89-94.
  5. Shi, L., Wang, D., Driscoll, M., Chu, W., Cheng, JCY., Villemure, I. and Aubin, C-E., (2010) Scoliotic vs. Normal Vertebral Growth Profiles on the Progression of Idiopathic Scoliosis: a Biomechanical Study. Stud Health Technol Inform, 158: 284.
  6. Driscoll, M. and Blyum, L., (2010) The presence of physiological stress shielding in the degenerative cycle of musculoskeletal disorders. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 15(3): 335-342.
  7. Blyum, L., and Driscoll, M. (2011) Mechanical Stress transfer – the fundamental physical basis of all manual therapy techniques. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 16(4): 520.
  8. Driscoll, M., Aubin, C-E., Moreau, A. and Parent, S., (2011) Biomechanical comparison of fusionless growth modulation corrective techniques in pediatric scoliosis. Med Bio Eng Comp, 49(12): 1437-1445.
  9. Shi, L., Wang, D., Driscoll, M., Chu, W., Cheng, JCY., Villemure, I. and Aubin, C-E., (2011) Biomechanical analysis and modeling of different vertebral growth patterns in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and healthy subjects. Scoliosis Journal, 6(11)
  10. Driscoll, M., Aubin, C-E., Moreau, A., Wakula Y., Sawark, J., and Parent, S., (2012) Spinal growth modulation using a novel intravertebral epiphyseal device in an immature porcine model. European Spine Journal, 21(1): 138-144.
  11. Hachem, B., Aubin, CE., Driscoll, M., and Parent, S., (2012) Porcine spine finite element model as an alternative tool for the validation of a novel fusionless device. Stud Health Technol Inform (176) 459.
  12. Driscoll, M., Mac-Thiong, J-M., Labelle, H., Slivka, M., Stad, S., and Parent, S. (2013) Biomechanical assessment of reduction forces measured during scoliotic instrumentation using two different screw designs. Spine Deformity Journal, 1: 94-101.
  13. Driscoll, M., Mac-Thiong, J-M., Labelle, and Parent, S. (2013) Development of a detailed volumetric finite element model of the spine to simulate surgical correction of spinal deformities. Biomed Research International, Article, p6
  14. Driscoll, M., Fortier-Tougas, C., Labelle, H., Parent, S., and Mac-Thiong, JM., (2014) Evaluation of an apparatus to be combined with a smartphone for the early detection of spinal deformities, Scoliosis, 9:10. (doi:10.1186/1748-7161-9-10)
  15. Driscoll, M., and Blyum, L., (2014) Results of a 3-year prospective cohort study investigating the influence of home-based therapy on patients with cerebral palsy in GMFCS levels IV and V, Dev Med Child Nerol: 56 (s5), p67
  16. Driscoll, M., Mac-Thiong, JM., Labelle, H., Stad, S., Serhan, H., and Parent, S., (2015) Biomechanical comparison of two different pedicle screw systems during the surgical correction of adult spinal deformities, Spine Deformity Journal, 3(2): 114-121.
  17. Drewes, E., Driscoll, M., Blyum, L., and Vincents, D., (2016) The effects of a home-based connective tissue targeting therapy on hip development in children with cerebral palsy: 6 case report, Explore Journal; (4) 268-276.
  18. Driscoll, M., Aubin, C-E., Moreau, A., Wakula Y., Amini, S., and Parent, S., (2016) Novel hemi-staple for the fusionless correction of pediatric scoliosis: influence on intervertebral discs and growth plates in a porcine model. Clin Spine Surg; (9) 457-464.
  19. Driscoll, M. (2018) Fascia- The Unsung Biomechanical Hero of our Musculoskeletal System JBMT, 22(1) 90-91 (Invited Paper)
  20. Fleckenstein, J., Schleip, R., Sachs, C., Driscoll, M., et al. (2018) Fascia Research – where is it going? (Faszienforschung: Quo vadis), J. of Acc. 61(2) 69-74
  21. Klinger, W., Driscoll, M., (2018) Revolution in Fascia Research, JBMT, 22;(4), 844 (invited editorial).
  22. AvilaGonzalez, A., Wearing, S., Driscoll, M., Schleip, R., and Klinger, W. (2018) Frontiers in Fascia Research, JBMT, (22):4, 873-880.
  23. Driscoll, M., (2019) Faszien, die unbesungenen Helden der Wirbelsaulen-Biomechanik, Journal of Morbus Bechterew, (156); 7 (translated editorial)
  24. Driscoll, M. (2019) The impact of the finite element method on medical device design, Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering (JMBE), 39(2) 171-172 (Invited Paper)
  25. Clin, J.*, Le Naveaux, F., Driscoll, M., et al. (2019) Biomechanical Comparison of the Load-Sharing Capacity of High and Low Implant Density Constructs with 3 Types of Pedicle Screws for the Instrumentation of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis, Spine Deformity Journal, 7(1): 2-10
  26. Driscoll, M., Blyum, L., (2019) Investigation of the influence of a home-based therapy on the intra-abdominal pressure and spinal stability of cerebral palsy patients, Clinical Biomechanics, 69: 164-167.
  27. Brahmi, B.,* Hamza, M.,* Brahmi, A., Driscoll, M., (2020) Adaptive high order sliding mode control based on quasi-time delay estimation for uncertain robot manipulator. Journal of Control Theory and Technology, (3);1-14
  28. El-Monajjed, K*., Driscoll, M., (2020) A Finite Element Analysis of the Intra-Abdominal Pressure and Paraspinal Muscle Compartment Pressure Interaction through the Thoracolumbar Fascia, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering (epud ahead of print)
  29. Brahmi, B*., Driscoll, M., El Bojairami, I.,* (2020) Novel Adaptive Impedance Control for Exoskeleton Robot for Rehabilitation Using a Nonlinear Time-Delay Disturbances Observer, ISA Transaction, Elsevier (in press)
  30. Patel, S*., Alkadri, S*., Driscoll, M., (2020) A Kinematic Study of a Haptic Device Towards the Development of a Benchtop Configuration for a Novel Physics-Based Simulator for a Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery, Journal of Surgical Simulation (under review)
  31. El-Bojairmi, I*., Driscoll, M., (2020) Correlating Skeletal Muscle Output Force and Intramuscular Pressure via a 3-Dimensional Finite Element Muscle Model, Nature Scientific Reports (in press)
  32. Brahmi, B.,* Driscoll M, Saad, M., (2020) "Novel Adaptive Augmented Backstepping Control of Uncertain Exoskeleton Robot For Rehabilitation", Robotics and Autonomous Systems (in press)
  33. Stott, B*., Driscoll, M., (2020) Preliminary Validation of a Novel Universal Robotic Thoracolumbar Spine Bench Model with Pneumatic Muscles, European Spine Journal (under review)
  34. El-Monajjed, K*., Driscoll, M., (2020)Analysis of Surgical Forces Required to Gain Access using a Probe for Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery via Cadaveric-based Experiments towards use in Training Simulators” IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering (epub ahead of print)
  35. Brahmi, B.,* El-Monajjed, K.,* and Driscoll, M. (2020) "Novel Adaptive Backstepping Control of Uncertain Electrically Driven Haptic Robot For Surgical Training Systems" Nonlinear Dynamics, An International Journal of Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos in Engineering Systems. Springer (under review)
  36. Wang, T.*, Driscoll, M., (2020) A comparative side by side cadaver and surgical simulator study exploring the balance between computational complexity and virtual graphics in a novel surgical spine simulator International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery (under review)
  37. Newell, E.,* Driscoll, M., (2020) Stress Shielding in a Finite Element Lumbar Spine Inclusive of the Thoracolumbar Fascia – Could it have a Role in Low Back Pain, Spine (under review)
  38. Patel, S.,* Driscoll, M., Ouellet, J., (2020) Exploration of the Correlation between Impact Forces and Displacement During Posterior Spinal Fusion towards Implementation in a Novel Mixed Reality Surgical Trainer, Spine (under review)
  39. Cotter, T.,* Driscoll, M., Mongrain, R., (2020) Design Synthesis of a Robotic Uniaxial Torque Device for Orthopedic Haptic Simulation, Journal of Mechanical Design (under review)
  40. Jacobson, N.,* Driscoll, M. (2020) Preliminary evaluation of a` novel tool to non-invasively characterize pressurized, physiological vessels. In: Annals of Biomedical Engineering. Springer (Under Review)
  41. El-Monajjed, K.,* Driscoll, M., (2020) Haptic integration and validation of data- driven forces required to gain access using a probe for minimally invasive spine surgery via cadaveric-based experiments towards use in surgical simulators, Journal of Computational Science (under review)
  42. Brahim B.,* El Bojairami, I.,* Driscoll, M., Saad, M., Zemmam, S.,* Laraki, L.,* (2020) "Enhancement of Sliding Mode Control Performance For Perturbed and Unperturbed Nonlinear System: Theory and Experimentation on Rehabilitation Robot" Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology, springer. (in press)
  43. Hamedzadeh, A.,* Driscoll, M., (2020) Finite Element Analysis of Probe Insertion – Reverse Engineering of Mechanical Properties, IEEE Transaction on Biomedical Engineering (under review)
  44. Alkadri, S.,* Jansen, T.,* Driscoll, M., (2020) Assessment of Force-Pressure Relationship of Pneumatic Artificial Muscles as an Analogue Model of Skeletal Muscles, IOP Publishing Ltd, Bioinspiration & Biomimetics (under review)
Current research: 

1. Exploration of the impact of connective tissue (fascia) towards a better understanding of spine biomechanics

2. The development and validation of a novel augmented reality spine surgical simulator

Areas of interest: 

Primary Research Theme: Design and Manufacturing
Secondary Research Theme: Biomechanics

Global interests reside in improving the biomechanical understanding of mechanisms that govern our musculoskeletal system. The use of complementary research platforms (in vivo, ex vivo, and in silico) foster novel findings towards the understanding of healthy system and the onset and/or pathomechanism of musculoskeletal disorders. Such translational research is interdisciplinary and requires a multifaceted approach to promote the engineering conception and design of new mechanical solutions.

More specifically, the laboratory seeks to better understand the control system governing spinal stability. Of further interest is how this control system responds when mechanical biases are introduced resulting in physiological stress shielding. Additionally, performs research and development of novel physics driven virtual reality surgical simulators for improved surgeon training in orthopeadics.  Moreover, the mechanical performance of current and future medical devices are also studied.

Awards, honours, and fellowships: 

1. Canada NSERC Chair Design Engineering for Interdisciplinary Innovation of Medical Technologies

2. Featured as one of nine Engineers in Quebec, with distinct performance in the last 20 years between age of 22 and 60 (Order of Engineers 100 year anniversary magazine). Jan. 2020

3. Professor of the Year in Mechanical Engineering at McGill University, voted by the students for 2018-2019

4. Award for recognition for outstanding contribution (35 and under) in 2018 by the Order of Engineers of Quebec (OIQ)

5. ANSYS Hall of Fame winner 2015 for best use of engineering simulation platform

6. Best New Technology for Spine Care in 2014 (Inventor and head engineer)

Interviews: 

1. Source: Med e-News

2. Source: PLAN magazine

3.Source: Global News, interview

4. Source: Order of Engineers Quebec

5. Source: City of Montreal

6. Source: Becker Spine Review Magazine

5. Source: Medical Simulation Training

6. Source: Mobile Syrup (online tech magazine)

7. Source: BioWorld MedTech

8. Source: McGill Reporter

9. Source: SALTISE

10.Source: LA PRESSE

11.Source: Business Wire

12.Source: Ansys (world leading simulation platform)

13.Source: RRY Publications, LLC

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