Biology (Sci): An introduction to biology research and communication with a focus on cell and
molecular biology. Through conducting a series of project-based experiments and writing a final report, molecular and synthetic biology techniques such as gene cloning, manipulation, protein isolation and characterization and how
research is conducted, analyzed and communicated will be addressed. In addition, an
introduction to bioinformatics methods and their role in analysis will be provided.
Biology (Sci): The course focuses on biomembranes and subcellular organelles and their implications for disease. The topics include: protein and lipid biochemistry, membrane structure and transport; intracellular compartmentalization, protein sorting and modification, intracellular membrane trafficking; energy transfer, organization and dynamics of chloroplasts and mitochondria; extracellular matrix and cell walls.