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News

Reproducibility in Management Science

Published: 11 March 2024

Authors: Miloš Fišar, Ben Greiner, Christoph Huber, Elena Katok,
Ali I. Ozkes, and the Management Science Reproducibility Collaboration*

*Co-authors included among the Collaboration are four members of the Desautels community:
Ruslan Goyenko
, Brian Rubineau, Chengyu Zhang and Yaping Zheng (now at U. of Alberta)

Publication: Management Science, Forthcoming
Articles in Advance — published online: December 22, 2023

Abstract:

With the help of more than 700 reviewers, we assess the reproducibility of nearly 500 articles published in the journal Management Science before and after the introduction of a new Data and Code Disclosure policy in 2019. When considering only articles for which data accessibility and hardware and software requirements were not an obstacle for reviewers, the results of more than 95% of articles under the new disclosure policy could be fully or largely computationally reproduced. However, for 29% of articles, at least part of the data set was not accessible to the reviewer. Considering all articles in our sample reduces the share of reproduced articles to 68%. These figures represent a significant increase compared with the period before the introduction of the disclosure policy, where only 12% of articles voluntarily provided replication materials, of which 55% could be (largely) reproduced. Substantial heterogeneity in reproducibility rates across different fields is mainly driven by differences in data set accessibility. Other reasons for unsuccessful reproduction attempts include missing code, unresolvable code errors, weak or missing documentation, and software and hardware requirements and code complexity. Our findings highlight the importance of journal code and data disclosure policies and suggest potential avenues for enhancing their effectiveness.

 

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