Contemporary Blackface in Canada
- Alvarez, N., & Johnson, S. (2011). Minstrels in the classroom: Teaching, race, and blackface. Canadian Theatre Review, 147, 31–37.
- Howard, P.S.S. (2018) “A Laugh for the National Project: Contemporary Canadian Blackface Humour and its Constitution through Canadian Anti-Blackness.” Ethnicities. (Published online: July 8, 2018).
- Howard, P.S.S. (2017) “On the back of Blackness: Contemporary Canadian blackface and the consumptive production of post-racialist, white Canadian subjects.” Social Identities: Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture. (Published online: January 23, 2017).
- Howard, P.S.S (2018) The Problem with Blackface. The Conversation.
- Podcast: McGill Professor Charmaine Nelson on blackface. CBC Interview.
- Nelson, C. (2013) Challenging "Blackface" Is Not Quebec-Bashing.
Blackface Minstrelsy in Canada (Historical)
- Johnson, S. (Ed.). (2012). Burnt Cork: Traditions and Legacies of Blackface Minstrelsy. University of Massachusetts Press.
- Johnson, S. (1999) “Uncle Tom and the Minstrels: Seeing Black and White on Stage in Canada West prior to the American Civil War.” In (Post)Colonial Stages: Critical & Creative Views on Drama, Theatre & Performance, ed. Helen Gilbert, 55-63.
- Johnson, S. (2017) “Shield us from this base ridicule”: the petitions to censor blackface circus clowns, Toronto, 1840-43. In Davis-Fisch, H (ed), Canadian Performance Histories and Historiographies. Toronto: Playwrights Canada Press. 254-279.
- Le Camp, L. (2005). "Racial considerations of minstrel shows and related images in Canada" (doctoral dissertation). Toronto: University of Toronto.
- Nicks, J & Sloniowski, J. (2010) “Entertaining Niagara Falls, Ontario: Minstrel Shows, Theatres and Popular Pleasures.” In Covering Niagara: Studies in Local Popular Culture, eds. Joan Nicks and Barry Keith Grant, pp. 285-310. Waterloo: Wilfred Laurier University Press.
- Thompson, B.C. (2015). Anthems and minstrel shows: The life and times of Calixa Lavallée, 1842–1891. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Contemporary Blackface Elsewhere
- Chauvin, S., Y. Coenders & T. Koren (2017) "Never Having Been Racist: Explaining the Blackness of Blackface in the Netherlands." Article forthcoming in Public Culture.
- Coenders, Y., & Chauvin, S. (2017). Race and the Pitfalls of Emotional Democracy: Primary Schools and the Critique of Black Pete in the Netherlands. Antipode.
- Patton, T.O. (2008). Jim Crow on Fraternity Row: A study of the Phenomenon of Blackface in the White Southern Fraternal Order. Visual Communication Quarterly, 15(3): 150-168.
Some General Reading on Blackface and Racial Humour
- Ellison, R. (1964). Shadow and Act. New York: Random House.
- Hartman S (1997) Introduction and Innocent Amusements. In S. Hartman, Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in Nineteenth-Century America (Introduction & Chapter 1). New York: Oxford University Press.
- Howard, P.S.S. (2015) Drawing Dissent: Post-Racialist Pedagogy, Racist Literacy, and Racial Plagiarism in Anti-Obama Political Cartoons.” Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies, 36(5), 386-402
- Mueller J.C, Dirks D, Picca L.H. (2007) Unmasking racism: Halloween costuming and engagement of the racial other. Qualitative Sociology, 30(3): 315-335.
- Roediger, D. R. (1999). White Skins, Black Masks: Minstrelsy and “white” Working Class Formation before the Civil War. In D.R. Roediger, The Wages of Whiteness: Race and the making of the American working class, Chapter 6). London: Verso.