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The Little Ice Age That Made Christmas White Forever

23 Dec 2022

Our collective vision of Christmas landscapes is so immersed in snow that the very phrase “It’s beginning to look a lot like Christmas” conjures up imagery that is nearly all frosted, sparkling and...

Ice Science is Slippery

21 Dec 2022

Let’s start at the very beginning. As pure water is cooled to 0oC, it begins to form ice. This simply means that the H2O molecules which were randomly scurrying about in the liquid state now assume...

Is there a difference between real snow and "artificial snow"?

17 Feb 2022

Snow-making machines actually make tiny beads of ice, each one about one ten-thousandth of an inch in diameter. Water is sprayed from a hose together with compressed air. The air is needed because...

Why do curlers sweep?

11 Feb 2022

Just about any subject becomes more interesting with a deeper dive. That is certainly the case for curling, a sport that is a mystery to many and unfortunately often the butt of jokes. However, it...

Tires and ice don't make for a good mix

20 Mar 2017

Ice is great in a beverage or on a skating rink but we don’t want it on our streets. How do we melt it? Potassium acetate, sodium chloride, calcium chloride, magnesium chloride or  urea will do the...

The 1950 NHL ice change

20 Mar 2017

The ice was painted white. Artificial ice, which is a misnomer since it is very real ice, is made by pouring water over a concrete surface that can be cooled by circulating refrigerated brine...

Salt is used to melt ice, but it is also used to make ice cream. Why?

20 Mar 2017

Why is it that in hot countries we put salt on ice in the ice cream makers to keep the ice from melting, while in cold countries we put salt on ice to melt it? In both cases, the answer is based on...

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