Dr. Gerald M. Fried

Academic title(s): 

Edward W. Archibald Professor of Surgery and Gastroenterology
Associate Dean, Education Technology and Innovation, Faculty of Medicine
Director of the Steinberg Centre for Simulation and Interactive Learning


Dr. Gerald M. Fried
Contact Information
Email address: 
gerald.fried [at] mcgill.ca

Dr. Gerald Fried is a practicing general surgeon, and specializes in minimally invasive surgical therapies, especially as applied to treatment of digestive disorders.

He founded the Steinberg-Bernstein Centre for Minimally Invasive Surgery and Innovation at the McGill University Health Centre to coordinate the clinical, research and education activities related to innovative and endoscopic therapies for GI disease. He has previously served as Adair Family Chair of Surgical Education, Program Director for General Surgery, Royal College Examiner for General Surgery.

He has served as President of SAGES, the James IV Association of Surgeons (Canada), The Canadian Association of General Surgeons and the Central Surgical Association, and is currently a member of the Board of Regents of the American College of Surgeons. He is a member of the Editorial Boards of Annals of Surgery, Archives of Surgery, Surgery, Journal of the American College of Surgery, Surgical Endoscopy, World Journal of Surgery, and Surgical Innovation. He has been named to the Faculty Honour List for Educational Excellence of the McGill Faculty of Medicine, and has received the John Ruedy Award for Innovation in Education from the Association of Canadian Faculties of Medicine.

Montreal General Hospital (MGH)
1650 Cedar Avenue, D6-136 Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4
Selected publications: 

1: Alhassan N, Yang M, Wong-Chong N, Liberman AS, Charlebois P, Stein B, Fried
GM, Lee L. Comparison between conventional colectomy and complete mesocolic
excision for colon cancer: a systematic review and pooled analysis : A review of
CME versus conventional colectomies. Surg Endosc. 2018 Sep 12. doi:
10.1007/s00464-018-6419-2. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30209606.

2: Takao M, Bilgic E, Waschke K, Kaneva P, Endo S, Nakano Y, Tanaka S, Morita Y,
Toyonaga T, Umegaki E, Kodama Y, Fried GM. Defining competencies for endoscopic
submucosal dissection (ESD) for gastric neoplasms. Surg Endosc. 2018 Aug 27. doi:
10.1007/s00464-018-6397-4. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30151750.

3: Lee L, Mata J, Droeser RA, Kaneva P, Liberman S, Charlebois P, Stein B, Fried
GM, Feldman LS. Incisional Hernia After Midline Versus Transverse Specimen
Extraction Incision: A Randomized Trial in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic
Colectomy. Ann Surg. 2018 Jul;268(1):41-47. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000002615.
PubMed PMID: 29166359.

4: Paci P, Mayo NE, Kaneva PA, Fiore JF Jr, Fried GM, Feldman LS. Determinants of
variability in management of acute calculous cholecystitis. Surg Endosc. 2018
Apr;32(4):1858-1866. doi: 10.1007/s00464-017-5874-5. Epub 2017 Oct 19. PubMed
PMID: 29052064.

5: Lee L, Abou-Khalil M, Liberman S, Boutros M, Fried GM, Feldman LS. Incidence
of incisional hernia in the specimen extraction site for laparoscopic colorectal
surgery: systematic review and meta-analysis. Surg Endosc. 2017
Dec;31(12):5083-5093. doi: 10.1007/s00464-017-5573-2. Epub 2017 Apr 25. Review.
PubMed PMID: 28444496.

6: McKendy KM, Watanabe Y, Bilgic E, Enani G, Munshi A, Lee L, Feldman LS, Fried
GM, Vassiliou MC. Establishing meaningful benchmarks: the development of a
formative feedback tool for advanced laparoscopic suturing. Surg Endosc. 2017
Dec;31(12):5057-5065. doi: 10.1007/s00464-017-5569-y. Epub 2017 Apr 25. PubMed
PMID: 28444495.

7: Enani G, Watanabe Y, McKendy KM, Bilgic E, Feldman LS, Fried GM, Vassiliou MC.
What are the Training Gaps for Acquiring Laparoscopic Suturing Skills? J Surg
Educ. 2017 Jul - Aug;74(4):656-662. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2016.12.004. Epub 2017
Apr 3. PubMed PMID: 28385488.

8: McKendy KM, Watanabe Y, Lee L, Bilgic E, Enani G, Feldman LS, Fried GM,
Vassiliou MC. Perioperative feedback in surgical training: A systematic review.
Am J Surg. 2017 Jul;214(1):117-126. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2016.12.014. Epub 2016
Dec 26. Review. PubMed PMID: 28082010.

9: Watanabe Y, Madani A, Ito YM, Bilgic E, McKendy KM, Feldman LS, Fried GM,
Vassiliou MC. Psychometric properties of the Global Operative Assessment of
Laparoscopic Skills (GOALS) using item response theory. Am J Surg. 2017
Feb;213(2):273-276. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2016.09.050. Epub 2016 Oct 8. PubMed
PMID: 27776756.

10: Watanabe Y, Madani A, Bilgic E, McKendy KM, Enani G, Ghaderi I, Fried GM,
Feldman LS, Vassiliou MC; Research Committee of the Fellowship Council. Don't fix
it if it isn't broken: a survey of preparedness for practice among graduates of
Fellowship Council-accredited fellowships. Surg Endosc. 2017 May;31(5):2287-2298.
doi: 10.1007/s00464-016-5231-0. Epub 2016 Oct 14. PubMed PMID: 27743124.

11: Alhashemi M, Almahroos M, Fiore JF Jr, Kaneva P, Gutierrez JM, Neville A,
Vassiliou MC, Fried GM, Feldman LS. Impact of miniport laparoscopic
cholecystectomy versus standard port laparoscopic cholecystectomy on recovery of
physical activity: a randomized trial. Surg Endosc. 2017 May;31(5):2299-2309.
doi: 10.1007/s00464-016-5232-z. Epub 2016 Sep 21. PubMed PMID: 27655375.

12: Madani A, Vassiliou MC, Watanabe Y, Al-Halabi B, Al-Rowais MS, Deckelbaum DL,
Fried GM, Feldman LS. What Are the Principles That Guide Behaviors in the
Operating Room?: Creating a Framework to Define and Measure Performance. Ann
Surg. 2017 Feb;265(2):255-267. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000001962. PubMed PMID:

13: Madani A, Watanabe Y, Bilgic E, Pucher PH, Vassiliou MC, Aggarwal R, Fried
GM, Mitmaker EJ, Feldman LS. Measuring intra-operative decision-making during
laparoscopic cholecystectomy: validity evidence for a novel interactive Web-based
assessment tool. Surg Endosc. 2017 Mar;31(3):1203-1212. doi:
10.1007/s00464-016-5091-7. Epub 2016 Jul 13. PubMed PMID: 27412125.

14: Madani A, Niculiseanu P, Marini W, Kaneva PA, Mappin-Kasirer B, Vassiliou MC,
Khwaja K, Fata P, Fried GM, Feldman LS. Biologic mesh for repair of ventral
hernias in contaminated fields: long-term clinical and patient-reported outcomes.
Surg Endosc. 2017 Feb;31(2):861-871. doi: 10.1007/s00464-016-5044-1. Epub 2016
Jun 22. PubMed PMID: 27334966.

15: Bilgic E, Watanabe Y, McKendy K, Munshi A, Ito YM, Fried GM, Feldman LS,
Vassiliou MC. Reliable assessment of operative performance. Am J Surg. 2016
Feb;211(2):426-30. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2015.10.008. Epub 2015 Nov 17. PubMed
PMID: 26679826.

16: Pugh CM, Arafat FO, Kwan C, Cohen ER, Kurashima Y, Vassiliou MC, Fried GM.
Development and evaluation of a simulation-based continuing medical education
course: beyond lectures and credit hours. Am J Surg. 2015 Oct;210(4):603-9. doi:
10.1016/j.amjsurg.2015.05.034. Epub 2015 Aug 14. PubMed PMID: 26384792.

17: Berger-Richardson D, Kurashima Y, von Renteln D, Kaneva P, Feldman LS, Fried
GM, Vassiliou MC. Description and Preliminary Evaluation of a Low-Cost Simulator
for Training and Evaluation of Flexible Endoscopic Skills. Surg Innov. 2016
Apr;23(2):183-8. doi: 10.1177/1553350615604054. Epub 2015 Sep 3. PubMed PMID:

18: Pecorelli N, Fiore JF Jr, Gillis C, Awasthi R, Mappin-Kasirer B, Niculiseanu
P, Fried GM, Carli F, Feldman LS. The six-minute walk test as a measure of
postoperative recovery after colorectal resection: further examination of its
measurement properties. Surg Endosc. 2016 Jun;30(6):2199-206. doi:
10.1007/s00464-015-4478-1. Epub 2015 Aug 27. PubMed PMID: 26310528.

19: Madani A, Watanabe Y, Feldman LS, Vassiliou MC, Barkun JS, Fried GM, Aggarwal
R. Expert Intraoperative Judgment and Decision-Making: Defining the Cognitive
Competencies for Safe Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. J Am Coll Surg. 2015
Nov;221(5):931-940.e8. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2015.07.450. Epub 2015 Aug 5.
PubMed PMID: 26292647.

20: Madani A, Watanabe Y, Vassiliou MC, Fuchshuber P, Jones DB, Schwaitzberg SD,
Fried GM, Feldman LS. Long-term knowledge retention following simulation-based
training for electrosurgical safety: 1-year follow-up of a randomized controlled
trial. Surg Endosc. 2016 Mar;30(3):1156-63. doi: 10.1007/s00464-015-4320-9. Epub
2015 Jul 3. PubMed PMID: 26139486.


21: Fried GM, Feldman LS. Objective assessment of technical performance. World J
Surg. 2008 Feb;32(2):156-60. Review. PubMed PMID: 17562106.

22: Fried GM. Canadian surgery: a reflection on the people and the land. World J
Surg. 2007 Aug;31(8):1533-5. PubMed PMID: 17571204.

23: Fried GM. FLS assessment of competency using simulated laparoscopic tasks. J
Gastrointest Surg. 2008 Feb;12(2):210-2. Epub 2007 Oct 23. PubMed PMID: 17955315.

24: Fried GM, Gill H. Surgery through the keyhole: a new view of an old art.
Mcgill J Med. 2007 Jul;10(2):140-3. PubMed PMID: 18523542; PubMed Central PMCID:

25: Fried GM. Surgical care is a team sport: comment on "Association between
implementation of a medical team training program and surgical morbidity". Arch
Surg. 2011 Dec;146(12):1374. doi: 10.1001/archsurg.2011.961. PubMed PMID:

26: Fried GM. The challenges of change: presidential address to the 69th annual
meeting of the Central Surgical Association Madison, Wisconsin, March, 2012.
Surgery. 2012 Oct;152(4):509-16. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2012.04.005. Epub 2012 Jul
3. PubMed PMID: 22763263.

27: Fried GM, Marks JM, Mellinger JD, Trus TL, Vassiliou MC, Dunkin BJ. ASGE's
assessment of competency in endoscopy evaluation tools for colonoscopy and EGD.
Gastrointest Endosc. 2014 Aug;80(2):366-7. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2014.03.019. PubMed
PMID: 25034851.


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Areas of interest: 

Research interests: simulation and the training and evaluation methods specifically applied to acquisition of novel technical skills in surgery


Clinical Interests: 

foregut surgery, hernia

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