Abstract: What makes Mike Davis--the author of such coruscating works as City of Quartz and Late Victorian Holocausts--one of the greatest writers of our time?
Kevin Mwenda (Brown University) - Integrating earth observations and socioeconomic datasets to quantify and assess human-environment dimensions of land degradation
Abstract: Land degradation – the loss of the productive potential of land – is a global challenge that increases the vulnerability of people already at risk of impacts from climate variability and change. This lecture highlights some open-source resources for monitoring land degradation and discusses plans to integrate with gridded population and sub-national livelihood datasets.
Kim Carlson (New York University) - Oil palm plantations, labor migration, and land change along the Indonesian-Malaysian Border
Abstract: Industrial oil palm plantations have expanded rapidly across Indonesia since the 1990s. While many Indonesians migrate from agrarian communities for work in cities and foreign countries, how such plantations interact with labor migration from surrounding communities remains poorly understood.
Shiri Breznitz (University of Toronto) - Too Much Support? Entrepreneurial Ecosystems and Firm Growth
Abstract: Although the concept of an entrepreneurial ecosystem has become appealing to both academics and policy makers, few studies have measured the impact of entrepreneurial ecosystems on firm growth. Using qualitative and quantitative data, this paper analyzes a local innovation ecosystem to identify the contribution of a regional ecosystem to firm growth.
Alexandre Normandeau (Geological Survey of Canada) - Impact of a changing cryosphere on the seabed of the eastern Canadian Arctic
Abstract: Daily satellite images reveal the drastic impact the melting of glaciers and the thawing of permafrost have on the coastal dynamics of the Canadian Arctic. Unlike the terrestrial domain, less than 20% of the seafloor is mapped and most areas are only mapped once, hindering our ability to observe seabed changes in response to cryospheric processes.
Jianghua Wu (Memorial University) - Changes in vegetation composition modulate the interactions of climate warming and elevated nitrogen deposition on nitrous oxide flux in a boreal peatland
Abstract: Nitrous Oxide (N2O) is a potent greenhouse gas, contributing ~6% of global warming. Northern peatlands with large organic nitrogen (N) storage have the potential to be N2O hotspots under climate warming, elevated N deposition and vegetation composition change caused by climate change. We set up a field experiment to manipulate these three factors.