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McGill awarded 15 new CRCs, eight chairs renewed


Published: 12 Oct 2011

McGill researcher works on developing effective biodegradable scaffolds for body implants

McGill researcher works on developing effective biodegradable scaffolds for body implants

Among the 24 Canada Research Chairs awarded to McGill University that were announced this morning at Concordia University, the work of one particular researcher offers hope for Canada’s ageing population.

It’s a common problem. When people get a hip replaced, or a tooth implanted, some will be fine. But for others there is discomfort, along with infections, and the implants need to be replaced. McGill Engineering researcher Marta Cerruti explains: “That’s because within a few minutes of an operation, proteins start to adhere to the surface of the implant. If the right proteins adhere, then all is well. But if the wrong proteins adhere to the implant, the body forms a fibrous capsule around the implant to isolate it and a new implant needs to be inserted.”

Cerruti, the newly named Canada Research Chair in bio-synthetic interfaces, is on a quest. She wants to find a better way for implants – whether for bone or soft tissues – to integrate within people’s bodies. The answer, she believes, lies in building biodegradable scaffolds that combine both organic and inorganic materials. “The synthetic material should be able to communicate to the living, biological material how to react. And then, once the desired reaction has occurred, the synthetic material should disappear so that you’re left with your own body and nothing else.”

“The interface is important,” says Cerruti. “I want to try to make scaffolds with a surface that can communicate with the body and tell it what you want it to do,” she explains. “That way, you’re not just hoping that the body will do what you want it to. Instead, you’re directing it to do what you want, thanks to the molecules that you put on the surface. For example – if you want to regenerate bones, you need cells in the scaffold that will encourage the formation of hydroxyapatite (the mineral component of bones) in the body.  But if you want to have a scaffold that helps cartilage regeneration, you won’t use the same molecules on the surface. What I’m trying to do is make materials that speak the body’s language.”

The other McGill recipients of Canada Research Chairs announced today are:

Adamantidis, Antoine R. (Optogenetic probing of sleep-wake circuits of the brain) - Tier 2, New

Azevedo, Roger (Metacognition and Advanced Learning Technologies) - Tier 1, New

Brandenberger, Robert (Theoretical Cosmology) - Tier 1, Renewal

Breitner, John C.S. (Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia) - Tier 1, New

Chapman, Colin (Primate Ecology and Conservation) - Tier 1, Renewal

Daunais, Isabelle (L'esthétique et l'art du roman) - Tier 1, New

Genest, Christian (Stochastic Dependence Modeling) - Tier 1, New

Hendren, Laurie (Compiler Tools and Techniques) - Tier 1, New

Juncker, David (Micro and Nanobioengineering) - Tier 2, Renewal

Kimmins, Sarah (Epigenetics, Reproduction and Development) - Tier 2, Resubmission

Lajoie, Susanne P. (Advanced Technologies for Learning in Authentic Settings) - Tier 1, New

Lathrop, Mark G. (Medical Genomics) - Tier 1, New

Liboiron-Ladouceur, Odile (Energy-Efficient Hybrid Interconnects for High-Performance Computing Platforms) - Tier 2, New

Marquis, Grace S. (Social and Environmental Aspects of Nutrition) - Tier 2, Renewal

McAdams, Stephen (Music Perception and Cognition) - Tier 1, Renewal

Nandi, Arijit (Political Economy of Global Health) - Tier 2, New

Schmeing, Thomas Martin (Structural Biology of Macromolecular Machines) - Tier 2, New

Siwick, Bradley (Ultrafast Science) - Tier 2, Renewal

Talwar, Victoria (Developmental Psychology and Law) - Tier 2, New

Tone, Andrea E. (Social History of Medicine) - Tier 1, Renewal

Vidal, Silvia (Host Response to Virus Infection) - Tier 1, Renewal

Walcher, Johannes (Mathematical String Theory) - Tier 2, New

For more information on the Canada Research Chairs: http://www.chairs-chaires.gc.ca/

For more information about Marta Cerruti’s research: http://biointerfacelab.mcgill.ca/;

To watch a video about Cerruti's work: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bMeqHOHpxVI

More news from McGill University: http://www.mcgill.ca/newsroom/



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Contact: Katherine Gombay
Organization: McGill Media Relations
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