Sylvain Baillet, PhD

Contact Information

EmailSylvain [dot] Baillet [at] mcgill [dot] ca (Sylvain Baillet)
Tel.: 514-398-5469
Website: Baillet lab
Recent Publications: PubMed, Google Scholar
Academic Affiliations: Neurology, Neurosurgery & Biomedical Engineering
Research Group: Neuroimaging and Neuroinformatics


Sylvain Baillet is a Professor, Neurology, Neurosurgery & Biomedical Engineering, MNI Killam and FRQS Senior Scholar and Interim Director, McConnell Brain Imaging Centre.
He is a physicist with research interests in methodological developments for functional and structural brain imaging and their application to clinical and cognitive neuroscience. Dr. Baillet is Director of MEG Research at the MNI: his research interests are in real-time therapeutic imaging, the computational modeling and experimental investigation of resting-state and task-related brain activity and connectivity in the healthy and diseased brain, and the development of original data mining and visualization techniques for time-resolved brain image series. Dr. Baillet has also contributed novel techniques for MRI image analysis, which resulted in new approaches to anatomical segmentation of brain structures and inter-subject registration. He also contributed image analysis techniques for the early prediction of infarct growth in stroke, with diffusion-weighted MRI and innovative image analysis methods. These latter have been successfully transferred to the biomedical imaging industry.
Dr. Baillet has also great interest in disseminating his research through academic software and data repositories: he is a co-founder of the Brainstorm open-source software project for time-resolved brain imaging. Brainstorm has about 10,000 registered users worldwide.

Sylvain is presently the acting Director of the McConnell Brain Imaging Centre (BIC) at the MNI. The BIC is a major research and core facility for brain imaging that features 7 imaging platforms (high-field MRI, high-resolution PET, research Cyclotron and Radiochemistry, MEG), with prominent expertise in biomedical image analysis. Overall, the McConnell BIC is home to 150 faculty, students and support staff and offer brain imaging services to about 120 external principal investigators.

Dr. Baillet is also the founding leader of the Neuroimaging & Neuroinformatics research group at the MNI, which regroups about 40 Principal Investigators involved in brain imaging research.

Bio: Sylvain Baillet graduated in Applied Physics from the Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan (France) and completed his Ph.D. training in Physics at the University of Paris (Paris-XI), in 1998. He then was a Research Associate at the Signal and image Processing Institute of the University of Southern California. In 2000, he joined the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS, France) as a tenured Principal Investigator. He became the head of the Brain Imaging group at the Cognitive Neuroscience and Brain Imaging CNRS Laboratory in 2005, at La Salpetriere University Hospital in Paris. In 2008, he took a position as Associate Professor of Neurology & Biophysics at the Medical College of Wisconsin and became the founding Scientific Director of the MEG Program at Froedtert Hospital, in Milwaukee (USA). In 2011, he joined the Montreal Neurological Institute at McGill University as Associate Professor of Neurology and Neurosurgery and Biomedical Engineering. He became the founding Director of Research of the MNI’s first MEG Program.

Overall, Dr. Baillet has co-authored about 70 articles and book chapters and 150 communications in international conferences. He is also co-inventor of 3 international patents.

Selected Publications: 

Khan, S., Lefèvre, J., Ammari, H., Baillet, S. (2011), Feature Detection and Tracking in Optical Flow on Non-Flat Manifolds, Pattern Recognition Letters

Baillet, S., Friston, K.J. and Oostenveld R. (2011), Academic Software Applications for Electromagnetic Brain Mapping using MEG and EEG, Computational Intelligence & Neuroscience, 972050.

Sudre, G., Parkkonen, L., Bock, E., Baillet, S., Wang, W. and Weber, D. (2011), rtMEG: A Real-time Software Interface for Magnetoencephalography, Computational Intelligence & Neuroscience, 327953.

Tadel, F., Baillet, S., Mosher, J. C., Pantazis, D. and Leahy R. M. (2011), Brainstorm: A User-friendly Application for MEG/EEG Analysis, Computational Intelligence & Neuroscience. [2011:879716]

Auzias G, Colliot O, Glaunes J, Perrot M, Mangin JF, Trouve A and Baillet S. (2011), Diffeomorphic Brain Registration Under Exhaustive Sulcal Constraints, IEEE Trans Med Imaging, 30, 1214-1227

Ramirez, R. R., Kopell, B. H., Butson, C. R., Hiner, B. C. and Baillet, S. (2011), Spectral Signal Space Projection Algorithm for Frequency Domain MEG and EEG Denoising, Whitening, and Source Imaging, Neuroimage,56(1):78–92.

B. R. Cottereau, J. Lorenceau, A. Gramfort, M. Clerc, B. Thirion and S. Baillet (2011), Phase Delays within Visual Cortex Shape the Response to Steady-State Visual Stimulation,Neuroimage, 54(3):1919–29.

A. Gramfort, T. Papadopoulo, S. Baillet, M. Clerc (2011), Tracking Cortical Activity from M/EEG using Graph-cuts with Spatiotemporal Constraints, Neuroimage, 54(3):1930–41.