Sylvain Baillet, PhD

Contact Information

EmailSylvain.Baillet [at] mcgill.ca (Sylvain Baillet)
Tel.: 514-398-5469
Website: Baillet lab
Recent Publications: PubMed, Google Scholar
Academic Affiliations: Neurology and Neurosurgery, Biomedical Engineering, Computer Science
Research Groups: Neuroimaging and NeuroinformaticsCognitive Neuroscience

 


Sylvain Baillet is Professor of Neurology and Neurosurgery, and the inaugural Director of the magnetoencephalography (MEG) imaging core of the Neuro. He is also affiliated with the Department of Biomedical Engineering and the School of Computer Science at McGill University.

Sylvain Baillet graduated from Ecole Normale Supérieure Paris-Saclay in Applied Physics (France) and obtained his Ph.D. summa cum laude in Physics from the University of Paris (Paris-XI), in 1998. Prof Baillet has an international career profile, having held positions in France, the USA and Canada. He was a Research Associate at the Signal and Image Processing Institute of the University of Southern California before joining the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS, France) as a tenured Principal Investigator in 2000. He became the head of the Brain Imaging group at the Cognitive Neuroscience & Brain Imaging CNRS Laboratory in 2005, at La Salpetriere University Hospital in Paris. In 2008, he took a position as Associate Professor of Neurology & Biophysics at the Medical College of Wisconsin and became the founding Scientific Director of the MEG Program at Froedtert Hospital, in Milwaukee (USA). He joined the Montreal Neurological Institute in 2011 and founded the MNI’s MEG core program. Between 2013 and 2017, Dr. Baillet was the Director of the McConnell Brain Imaging Centre (BIC), the MNI’s multimodal core platform and research center entirely dedicated to brain imaging science. Under his leadership, the BIC went through outstanding growth, with the recruitment of 6 new faculty members, 9 highly-qualified support staff, and more than $6.2M received in infrastructure grants; in addition, BIC Principal Investigators obtained transformative grants e.g., a $17.8-M project to install the first ultra-high field human MRI scanner in Quebec.

Overall, Prof Baillet has produced 250 publications and concrete, practical solutions shared with the scientific community and transferred to the clinic and the biomedical industry. He also contributed 3 international patents. Dr. Baillet has published his research contributions in leading neuroscience, biomedical engineering, medical physics, computer science, and top-tier journals including PLoS Biology, PNAS, Nature Communications, Nature Neuroscience and Neuron. He has been invited to speak at 160 occasions (73 abroad), and co-organized 50 conferences and educational events worldwide. Prof Baillet trained 63 graduate students and 13 post-docs, who obtained permanent academic or industry positions in Europe, Asia and North America.

Dr. Baillet was recognised with Young-Investigator and Mid-Career Achievement Awards, as “a scientist who has shown leadership and made significant contributions to brain imaging.”

Current research

Overall scientific output – Prof Baillet’s track record is in leading multidisciplinary projects in systems and clinical neuroscience. In particular, he contributed a wide spectrum of advances in brain imaging methods, with specific expertise in multidimensional biological time-series analyses and image processing, biophysical electromagnetics, computational neuroanatomy, and statistical methods. Dr. Baillet has been playing a pivotal role in the development of magnetoencephalography (MEG) as a time-resolved brain imaging modality for systems and clinical neuroscience research. He contributed authoritative reviews of the field, including a recent special focus for Nature Neuroscience, and highly-cited good-practice guidelines.

Promotion and Practice of Open Science – Dr. Baillet contributed major open-science resources, which he considers as vectors of research productivity and reproducibility. He led in 2014/15 a Quebec Bioimaging Network strategic initiative to create the Open MEG Archives (OMEGA): the first open-access repository of MEG data (>250 data entries and 510 international users). He also share his tools and methods via open-source software. His team hosts the software integration of Brainstorm, an international NIH project, which has grown a community of >16,500 registered users. Since 2011, 1,200 students and faculty members have attended our 32 training workshops worldwide, and 650 journal articles cite Brainstorm as the primary tool for data analysis.

Management of Large Research Operations – Dr. Baillet founded and led major research and clinical imaging platforms: the MEG program he created in the USA in 2008 was recognized by US health-insurance partners, and is now part of the routine pre-surgical workup of dozens of epilepsy and brain-tumor patients annually. The MEG core he founded at McGill in 2012 has become the second busiest scanner on campus, after 3T MRI. He has led the McConnell Brain Imaging Centre, the largest of its kind in Canada in 2013-17. In that period, he was also the inaugural leader of the Neuroimaging & Neuroinformatics research group at The Neuro.

Industrial Transfers – Dr. Baillet has experience with the management of patented intellectual property and successful industrial transfers. For example, his patented MRI work for acute stroke evaluation was transferred to the biomedical industry, used in national clinical trials, obtained CE and FDA certifications, and is now marketed worldwide.

Selected publications

Donhauser, P. W., Florin, E., & Baillet, S. (2018). Imaging of neural oscillations with embedded inferential and group prevalence statistics. PLoS Computational Biology, 14(2), e1005990. 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005990 Link to item

Samiee, S., Levesque, M., Avoli, M., & Baillet, S. (2018). Phase-amplitude coupling and epileptogenesis in an animal model of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Neurobiology of Disease, 114, 111-119. S0969-9961(18)30040-8 Link to item

Albouy, P., Weiss, A., Baillet, S., & Zatorre, R. J. (2017). Selective entrainment of theta oscillations in the dorsal stream causally enhances auditory working memory performance. Neuron, 94(1), 193-206.e5. S0896-6273(17)30198-8 Link to item

Baillet, S. (2017). Magnetoencephalography for brain electrophysiology and imaging. Nature Neuroscience, 20(3), 327-339. 10.1038/nn.4504 Link to item

Coffey, E. B. J., Chepesiuk, A. M. P., Herholz, S. C., Baillet, S., & Zatorre, R. J. (2017). Neural correlates of early sound encoding and their relationship to speech-in-noise perception. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 11, 479. 10.3389/fnins.2017.00479 Link to item

Das, S., Glatard, T., Rogers, C., Saigle, J., Paiva, S., MacIntyre, L., . . . Evans, A. C. (2017). Cyberinfrastructure for open science at the montreal neurological institute. Frontiers in Neuroinformatics, 10, 53. 10.3389/fninf.2016.00053 Link to item

Florin, E., Vuvan, D., Peretz, I., & Baillet, S. (2017). Pre-target neural oscillations predict variability in the detection of small pitch changes. PloS One, 12(5), e0177836. 10.1371/journal.pone.0177836 Link to item

Graves, W. W., Boukrina, O., Mattheiss, S. R., Alexander, E. J., & Baillet, S. (2017). Reversing the standard neural signature of the word-nonword distinction. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 29(1), 79-94. 10.1162/jocn_a_01022 Link to item

Hinault, T., Badier, J. M., Baillet, S., & Lemaire, P. (2017). The sources of sequential modulations of control processes in arithmetic strategies: A magnetoencephalography study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 29(6), 1033-1043. 10.1162/jocn_a_01102 Link to item

Morillon, B., & Baillet, S. (2017). Motor origin of temporal predictions in auditory attention. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(42), E8913-E8921. 10.1073/pnas.1705373114 Link to item

Nasiotis, K., Clavagnier, S., Baillet, S., & Pack, C. C. (2017). High-resolution retinotopic maps estimated with magnetoencephalography. Neuroimage, 145(Pt A), 107-117. S1053-8119(16)30571-7 Link to item

Samiee, S., & Baillet, S. (2017). Time-resolved phase-amplitude coupling in neural oscillations. Neuroimage, 159, 270-279. S1053-8119(17)30619-5 Link to item

Coffey, E. B., Herholz, S. C., Chepesiuk, A. M., Baillet, S., & Zatorre, R. J. (2016). Cortical contributions to the auditory frequency-following response revealed by MEG. Nature Communications, 7, 11070. 10.1038/ncomms11070 Link to item

Niso, G., Rogers, C., Moreau, J. T., Chen, L. Y., Madjar, C., Das, S., . . . Baillet, S. (2016). OMEGA: The open MEG archive. Neuroimage, 124(Pt B), 1182-1187. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.04.028 Link to item

Pathak, Y., Salami, O., Baillet, S., Li, Z., & Butson, C. R. (2016). Longitudinal changes in depressive circuitry in response to neuromodulation therapy. Frontiers in Neural Circuits, 10, 50. 10.3389/fncir.2016.00050 Link to item

Soto, J. L., Lachaux, J. P., Baillet, S., & Jerbi, K. (2016). A multivariate method for estimating cross-frequency neuronal interactions and correcting linear mixing in MEG data, using canonical correlations. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 271, 169-181. 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2016.07.017 Link to item

Cheng, C. H., Baillet, S., Hsiao, F. J., & Lin, Y. Y. (2015). Effects of aging on the neuromagnetic mismatch detection to speech sounds. Biological Psychology, 104, 48-55. 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2014.11.003 Link to item

Cheng, C. H., Baillet, S., & Lin, Y. Y. (2015). Region-specific reduction of auditory sensory gating in older adults. Brain and Cognition, 101, 64-72. 10.1016/j.bandc.2015.10.004 Link to item

Cheng, C. H., Chan, P. Y., Baillet, S., & Lin, Y. Y. (2015). Age-related reduced somatosensory gating is associated with altered alpha frequency desynchronization. Neural Plasticity, 2015, 302878. 10.1155/2015/302878 Link to item

Florin, E., & Baillet, S. (2015). The brain's resting-state activity is shaped by synchronized cross-frequency coupling of neural oscillations. Neuroimage, 111, 26-35. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.01.054 Link to item

Hui-Ling, C., Yong-Sheng, C., Li-Fen, C., & Baillet, S. (2015). Beamformer-based imaging of phase-amplitude coupling using electromagnetic brain activity. Conference Proceedings : ...Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.Annual Conference, 2015, 7558-7561. 10.1109/EMBC.2015.7320141 Link to item

Balderston, N. L., Schultz, D. H., Baillet, S., & Helmstetter, F. J. (2014). Rapid amygdala responses during trace fear conditioning without awareness. PloS One, 9(5), e96803. 10.1371/journal.pone.0096803 Link to item

Florin, E., Bock, E., & Baillet, S. (2014). Targeted reinforcement of neural oscillatory activity with real-time neuroimaging feedback. Neuroimage, 88, 54-60. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.10.028 Link to item

Khan, S., Lefevre, J., Baillet, S., Michmizos, K. P., Ganesan, S., Kitzbichler, M. G., . . . Kenet, T. (2014). Encoding cortical dynamics in sparse features. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 338. 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00338 Link to item

Ossadtchi, A., Pronko, P., Baillet, S., Pflieger, M. E., & Stroganova, T. (2014). Mutual information spectrum for selection of event-related spatial components. application to eloquent motor cortex mapping. Frontiers in Neuroinformatics, 7, 53. 10.3389/fninf.2013.00053 Link to item

Balderston, N. L., Schultz, D. H., Baillet, S., & Helmstetter, F. J. (2013). How to detect amygdala activity with magnetoencephalography using source imaging. Journal of Visualized Experiments : JoVE, (76). doi(76), 10.3791/50212. 10.3791/50212 Link to item

Bonnefond, M., Noveck, I., Baillet, S., Cheylus, A., Delpuech, C., Bertrand, O., . . . Van der Henst, J. B. (2013). What MEG can reveal about inference making: The case of if...then sentences. Human Brain Mapping, 34(3), 684-697. Link to item

Cheng, C. H., Baillet, S., Hsiao, F. J., & Lin, Y. Y. (2013). Effects of aging on neuromagnetic mismatch responses to pitch changes. Neuroscience Letters, 544, 20-24. 10.1016/j.neulet.2013.02.063 Link to item

Gross, J., Baillet, S., Barnes, G. R., Henson, R. N., Hillebrand, A., Jensen, O., . . . Schoffelen, J. M. (2013). Good practice for conducting and reporting MEG research. Neuroimage, 65, 349-363. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.10.001 Link to item

Evans, A. C., Janke, A. L., Collins, D. L., & Baillet, S. (2012). Brain templates and atlases. Neuroimage, 62(2), 911-922. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.01.024 Link to item

Auzias, G., Colliot, O., Glaunes, J. A., Perrot, M., Mangin, J. F., Trouve, A., & Baillet, S. (2011). Diffeomorphic brain registration under exhaustive sulcal constraints. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, 30(6), 1214-1227. 10.1109/TMI.2011.2108665 Link to item

Baillet, S., Friston, K., & Oostenveld, R. (2011). Academic software applications for electromagnetic brain mapping using MEG and EEG. Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience, 2011, 972050. 10.1155/2011/972050 Link to item

Cottereau, B., Lorenceau, J., Gramfort, A., Clerc, M., Thirion, B., & Baillet, S. (2011). Phase delays within visual cortex shape the response to steady-state visual stimulation. Neuroimage, 54(3), 1919-1929. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.10.004 Link to item

Gramfort, A., Papadopoulo, T., Baillet, S., & Clerc, M. (2011). Tracking cortical activity from M/EEG using graph cuts with spatiotemporal constraints. Neuroimage, 54(3), 1930-1941. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.09.087 Link to item

Ramirez, R. R., Kopell, B. H., Butson, C. R., Hiner, B. C., & Baillet, S. (2011). Spectral signal space projection algorithm for frequency domain MEG and EEG denoising, whitening, and source imaging. Neuroimage, 56(1), 78-92. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.02.002 Link to item

Sudre, G., Parkkonen, L., Bock, E., Baillet, S., Wang, W., & Weber, D. J. (2011). rtMEG: A real-time software interface for magnetoencephalography. Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience, 2011, 327953. 10.1155/2011/327953 Link to item

Tadel, F., Baillet, S., Mosher, J. C., Pantazis, D., & Leahy, R. M. (2011). Brainstorm: A user-friendly application for MEG/EEG analysis. Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience, 2011, 879716. 10.1155/2011/879716 Link to item

Amor, F., Baillet, S., Navarro, V., Adam, C., Martinerie, J., & Quyen Mle, V. (2009). Cortical local and long-range synchronization interplay in human absence seizure initiation. Neuroimage, 45(3), 950-962. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2008.12.011 Link to item

Auzias, G., Glaunes, J., Colliot, O., Perrot, M., Mangin, J. F., Trouve, A., & Baillet, S. (2009). DISCO: A coherent diffeomorphic framework for brain registration under exhaustive sulcal constraints. Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention : MICCAI ...International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, 12(Pt 1), 730-738. Link to item

Bristow, D., Dehaene-Lambertz, G., Mattout, J., Soares, C., Gliga, T., Baillet, S., & Mangin, J. F. (2009). Hearing faces: How the infant brain matches the face it sees with the speech it hears. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 21(5), 905-921. 10.1162/jocn.2009.21076 Link to item

Dalal, S. S., Baillet, S., Adam, C., Ducorps, A., Schwartz, D., Jerbi, K., . . . Lachaux, J. P. (2009). Simultaneous MEG and intracranial EEG recordings during attentive reading. Neuroimage, 45(4), 1289-1304. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.01.017 Link to item

Lefevre, J., & Baillet, S. (2009). Optical flow approaches to the identification of brain dynamics. Human Brain Mapping, 30(6), 1887-1897. 10.1002/hbm.20781 Link to item

Lefevre, J., Leroy, F., Khan, S., Dubois, J., Huppi, P. S., Baillet, S., & Mangin, J. F. (2009). Identification of growth seeds in the neonate brain through surfacic helmholtz decomposition. Information Processing in Medical Imaging : Proceedings of the ...Conference, 21, 252-263. Link to item

Ramirez, R. R., Kopell, B. H., Butson, C. R., Gaggl, W., Friedland, D. R., & Baillet, S. (2009). Neuromagnetic source imaging of abnormal spontaneous activity in tinnitus patient modulated by electrical cortical stimulation. Conference Proceedings : ...Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.Annual Conference, 2009, 1940-1944. 10.1109/IEMBS.2009.5333457 Link to item

Rosso, C., Hevia-Montiel, N., Deltour, S., Bardinet, E., Dormont, D., Crozier, S., . . . Samson, Y. (2009). Prediction of infarct growth based on apparent diffusion coefficients: Penumbral assessment without intravenous contrast material. Radiology, 250(1), 184-192. 10.1148/radiol.2493080107 Link to item

Rudrauf, D., Lachaux, J. P., Damasio, A., Baillet, S., Hugueville, L., Martinerie, J., . . . Renault, B. (2009). Enter feelings: Somatosensory responses following early stages of visual induction of emotion. International Journal of Psychophysiology : Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology, 72(1), 13-23. 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2008.03.015 Link to item

Salmelin, R., & Baillet, S. (2009). Electromagnetic brain imaging. Human Brain Mapping, 30(6), 1753-1757. 10.1002/hbm.20795 Link to item

Lefevre, J., & Baillet, S. (2008). Optical flow and advection on 2-riemannian manifolds: A common framework. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 30(6), 1081-1092. 10.1109/TPAMI.2008.51 Link to item

Montiel, N. H., Rosso, C., Chupin, N., Deltour, S., Bardinet, E., Dormont, D., . . . Baillet, S. (2008). Automatic prediction of infarct growth in acute ischemic stroke from MR apparent diffusion coefficient maps. Academic Radiology, 15(1), 77-83. S1076-6332(07)00397-2 Link to item

Senot, P., Baillet, S., Renault, B., & Berthoz, A. (2008). Cortical dynamics of anticipatory mechanisms in interception: A neuromagnetic study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20(10), 1827-1838. 10.1162/jocn.2008.20129 Link to item

Attal, Y., Bhattacharjee, M., Yelnik, J., Cottereau, B., Lefevre, J., Okada, Y., . . . Baillet, S. (2007). Modeling and detecting deep brain activity with MEG & EEG. Conference Proceedings : ...Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.Annual Conference, 2007, 4937-4940. 10.1109/IEMBS.2007.4353448 Link to item

Besserve, M., Jerbi, K., Laurent, F., Baillet, S., Martinerie, J., & Garnero, L. (2007). Classification methods for ongoing EEG and MEG signals. Biological Research, 40(4), 415-437. /S0716-97602007000500005 Link to item

Chupin, M., Mukuna-Bantumbakulu, A. R., Hasboun, D., Bardinet, E., Baillet, S., Kinkingnehun, S., . . . Garnero, L. (2007). Anatomically constrained region deformation for the automated segmentation of the hippocampus and the amygdala: Method and validation on controls and patients with alzheimer's disease. Neuroimage, 34(3), 996-1019. S1053-8119(06)01076-7 Link to item

Cottereau, B., Jerbi, K., & Baillet, S. (2007). Multiresolution imaging of MEG cortical sources using an explicit piecewise model. Neuroimage, 38(3), 439-451. S1053-8119(07)00659-3 Link to item

Del Cul, A., Baillet, S., & Dehaene, S. (2007). Brain dynamics underlying the nonlinear threshold for access to consciousness. PLoS Biology, 5(10), e260. 07-PLBI-RA-0389 Link to item

Gramfort, A., Cottereau, B., Clerc, M., Thirion, B., & Baillet, S. (2007). Challenging the estimation of cortical activity from MEG with simulated fMRI-constrained retinotopic maps. Conference Proceedings : ...Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.Annual Conference, 2007, 4945-4948. 10.1109/IEMBS.2007.4353450 Link to item

Hevia-Montiel, N., Jimenez-Alaniz, J. R., Medina-Banuelos, V., Yanez-Suarez, O., Rosso, C., Samson, Y., & Baillet, S. (2007). Robust nonparametric segmentation of infarct lesion from diffusion-weighted MR images. Conference Proceedings : ...Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.Annual Conference, 2007, 2102-2105. 10.1109/IEMBS.2007.4352736 Link to item

Jerbi, K., Lachaux, J. P., N'Diaye, K., Pantazis, D., Leahy, R. M., Garnero, L., & Baillet, S. (2007). Coherent neural representation of hand speed in humans revealed by MEG imaging. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(18), 7676-7681. 0609632104 Link to item

Lefevre, J., Obozinski, G., & Baillet, S. (2007). Imaging brain activation streams from optical flow computation on 2-riemannian manifolds. Information Processing in Medical Imaging : Proceedings of the ...Conference, 20, 470-481. Link to item

Pantazis, D., Nichols, T. E., Baillet, S., & Leahy, R. M. (2005). A comparison of random field theory and permutation methods for the statistical analysis of MEG data. Neuroimage, 25(2), 383-394. S1053-8119(04)00567-1 Link to item

Sergent, C., Baillet, S., & Dehaene, S. (2005). Timing of the brain events underlying access to consciousness during the attentional blink. Nature Neuroscience, 8(10), 1391-1400. nn1549 Link to item

Pantazis, D., Nichols, T. E., Baillet, S., & Leahy, R. M. (2003). Spatiotemporal localization of significant activation in MEG using permutation tests. Information Processing in Medical Imaging : Proceedings of the ...Conference, 18, 512-523. Link to item