Appendix I: Sample of notes from project surveys

Appendix II: Other projects visited


Abramson, Daniel et al. Housing Renewal Projects in Beijing: Preliminary Survey Progress Report. Unpublished. Beijing: Tsinghua University, 1993.

Alexander, Christopher. The Production of Houses. Oxford University Press, New York, 1985.

Anderson, Martin. The Federal Bulldozer. Cambridge: The M.I.T. Press, 1964.

Angel, Shlomo et al. Land for Housing the Poor . Singapore: Select Books, 1983.

"Architecture and Cities inTransition." Third World Planning Review, Editorial Note, Feb. 1990; iii-vi.

Bacon, Edmund N. Design of Cities, London: Penguin Books, 1980.

Bao, Shixing. "Architecture and Environment." China City Planning Review, Dec. 1986; 56-61.

Barlow, Melinda and Bertrand Renaud. "Housing Reforms and Commercialization of Housing in China." in Review of Urban and Regional Development Studies, Jan. 1989.

Beijing Shi Chengshi Jianshe Zonghe Kaifa Bangongshi ( Beijing City Urban Construction and Comprehensive Development Office). 1980-1989 Beijing Shi Zonghe Kaifa

Zhujai Xiaoqu Juzhuqu Tu Xuan (Selected Plans of Beijing City's Comprehensive Development of Residential Neighbourhoods and Estates, 1980-1989).

Beijing Shi Wei-Jiu Fangwu Gaizao Lingdao Xiaozu Bangongshi (Beijing City Old and Dilapidated Housing Redevelopment Leading Group Office) and Beijing Shi Chengshi Jianshe Dangan Guan (Beijing City Urban Construction Archive).

Beijing Shi Wei-Jiu Fangwu Gaizao Tu Ji (I) (Collected Plans of Beijing City's Old and Dilapidated Housing Redevelopment, (I)), 1990.

Beijing Shi Fangdichan Kaifa Jingying Gongsi (Beijing Real Estate Development and Management Company). Xiaoqu Jianzhu Guihua Zong Pingmiantu Ji 1979-1990 (Collected Plans of Housing Estate Architecture and Planning, 1979-1990).

Beng-Huat Chua. "Race relation and Public Housing Policiy in Singapore". Journal of Architectural and PLanning Research, 8 (4), winter 1991; 344-362.

Bhatt, Vikram et al. Housing a Billion I: Design Ideas For Rural China. Montreal: Minimum Cost Housing Group, 1992.

Housing a Billion II: Village Upgrading. Montreal: Minimum Cost Housing Group, 1993.

"Big Changes in a Small Alley." Beijing Review, May 6-12 1991; 28-31.

Boyd, Andrew. Chinese Architecture and Town Planning. London: Tiranti, 1962.

Bristol, Graeme. Architecture and Shelter: The Roles and Responsabilities of Architects in Meeting Basic Needs. Unpublished. Masters Thesis, University of British Columbia. Vancouver: 1991.

Cady, Janet A. ed. Historic Preservation in The People's Republic Of China. Observations of the American Urban Planning and Historical Preservation Study Team. New York: National Commitee on Us-China Relations. 1982.

Calvino, Italo. Invisible Cities. London: Pan Books, 1979.

Casault, André. "The Beijing Courtyard House." Open House International, 1987; 31-41.

Understanding the Changes and Constants of the Courtyard House Neighbourhood in Beijing. Unpublished. Masters Thesis in Science in Architectural Studies. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Architecture, June 1988.

Castells, M. with L. Goh and R.Y.-W. Kwok. The Shek Kip Mei Syndrome: Economic Development and Public Housing in Hong Kong and Singapore. London: Pion Limited, 1990.

"City Planners Urged to Protect Landmarks." China Daily, Dec. 21rst 1985; 4.

Chang Wen-Ying. "Saving Old Peking: The Past Recapitulated." Arts of Asia, Sept.-Oct. 1983; 91-95.

Chatfield-Taylor, Adele. "Restoring and Rehabilitation: The Imperial Palace." Progressive Architecture, Nov. 1979; 74-78.

"Vernacular Architecture and Historic Preservation in Modern China." Ekistics, No. 288, May-June 1981; 199-201.

Chen Lijian. Urban Housing Problems And Housing Commercialization in China. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Planning Papers. School of Community and Regional Planning. June 1988.

Chen Minzhi. "Problems in housing Reform." China City Planning Review, June 1989; 32-38.

Chen Weibang. "Urban Planning: New Housing But Preservation Too." China Reconstruct, August 1984; 26-28.

Chen Xinmin and Yu Ping. "A Brief Review of Low-Cost Housing Construction Systems Currently Used in China." Building in China, 1985; 25-42.

Chen Zhihua. "A Note on Mass Housing in China." Spazio e Societa, July-Sept. 1988; 86 95.

China A Country Study. Area Handbook Series. Washington: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. Supersedes Editions. 1988.

"Chine 1949-1979" Architecture d'Aujourd'hui, Février 1979.

Clay, Phillip. Neighbourhood Renewal: Middle Class Resettlement and Incumbent Upgrading in American Neighbourhoods. Lexington, Massachussetts: D.C. Heath and Company, 1979.

Clément, Pierre and Sophie, and Shin Yong-Hak. Architecture du paysage en extrême-orient. Paris: École Nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts, 1987.

Colborn, Fern M. The Neighbourhood and Urban Renewal. New York: National Federation of Settlements and neighbourhoods Centers, 1963.

Conzen, Michael P. Editor. World Patterns of Modern Urban Change. University of Chicago, Department of Geography Research Paper No. 217-218. 1986; 217-239.

Cooperative Housing Foundation. "Environmental Sound Shelter in Informal Urban Settlements." Ekistics, May-June 1990; 122-126.

Couch, Chris. Urban Renewal: Theory and Practice. London: Macmillan Education Ltd, 1990.

Cui, Wei. "A Preliminary Summary of the Experiment on Housing Cooperatives in China's Cities and Towns." China City Planning Review, Sept. 1991; 49-56.

Daoulatli, Abdelaziz. "La Sensibilisation du Public en Vue de sa Participation à la Sauvegarde des Monuments et des Sites." Icomos Information, July-Sept. 1988; 3-6.

Dernberger, R.F. Editor. The Chinese, Adapting the Past, Facing the Future. Ann Harbor: Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan, 1986; 384-385.

Dixon, John Morris. "Report From China." Progressive Architecture, May 1989; 43-46.

Dong, Guang-qi. "Beijing: Housing and Community Development." in Ekistics, Jan.-Feb. 1987; 34-39.

Dwyer, D.J. "Urban Housing and Planning in China." in Transactions. Institute of British Geographers, 1986; 479-489.

Ekblad, Solvig and Finn Werne. "Housing in Beijing." Ekistics, May-June 1990; 146-157.

, and Chen Changhui. "High-Density Life in China." The Magazine of World Health Organization, March-April 1991; 26-27.

Faerstein, Eliane. "Systems and Displacement in Brasilian Upgrading Projects." Open House International, 1989; 27-31.

Fan Yaobang."Looking at High-Rise Apartment from the Residents' Point of View." Building in China, June 1988; 34-35.

Fang He. Upgrading : An Alternative Approach Towards Housing Reform in China. Unpublished. Masters Thesis in Science in Architectural Studies. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, June 1989.

Fong, Peter K. W. "Housing Reforms in China." Habitat International, 1989; 29-41.

Frieden, Bernard J. The Future of Old Neighbourhoods. Cambridge: The M.I.T. Press, 1964.

Friedman, Beatrice S. "Public Housing in China: Policies and Practices." Journal of Housing, May-June 1983; 82-85.

Gao Baozhen. "Urban Population Structure and Living Environment: Beijing's Aging Trend in Population and Housing Problem" Building in China, Sept. 1989; 24-28.

Gao Yilan and Liu, John K.C. "Teaching Students To Design For People." Journal of Architectural Education, Fall 1981; 40-42.

Geddes, Patrick . Cities in Evolution: An Introduction to the Town Planning Movement and to the Study of Civics. New York: Howard Fertig, 1968.

Grebler, Leo. Urban Renewal in European Countries: Its Emergence and Potentials. Philadelphia: University of Pensylvania Press, 1964.

Gülgönen, Ahmet, and François Laisnet. Morphologie urbaine et typologies architecturale. Paris: Institut d'études et de recherche architecturales et urbaines, Ministère de la culture et de l'environement, 1977.

Gutheim, Frederick. "China." Architectural Records, August 1981; 80-87.

Gu Yun Chang. "Urban Housing Development and Policy for the Future." Ekistics, Jan.- Feb. 1987; 9-13.

Gu Yun Chang and Yan Zheng. "China's Urban Housing: Present Situation and Conditions for Reform." Building in China, March 1992; 2-11.

Habraken, N.J. Transformation of the Site, Third edition, Atwater Press, 1988.

Hatch, Richard, editor. The Scope of Social Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1984.

He Hongyu. "Living Conditions in Beijing's Courtyard Housing." Building in China, Dec. 1990; 14-20.

"Social and Economic Aspects of Beijing Old-City Redevelopment Programs." Building in China, June 1993; 16-23.

Hills, Peter. "Environmental Impact Assessment and New Town Planning in Hong Kong". Landscape and Urban Planning, 14, 1987; 253-273.

Hoa, Léon. "Construire Pour Un Milliard d'Habitant: La Chine de l'Industrialisation aux Technologies Appropriées" in Technique et Architecture, Dec. 1982 - Jan. 1983; 57-58.

Reconstruire la Chine: Trente Ans d'Urbanisme 1949-1979. Paris: Editions du Moniteur, 1981.

Holcomb, H. Briavel and Robert A. Beauregard. Revitalising Cities. Washington: American Association of Geographers, 1981.

Hong Kong Housing Authority. Annual Report, 1987-1988.

Hoog, Marjorie and Marie Kennedy. "Urban Neighborhoods: Socialist Renovation." Progressive Architecture, Nov. 1979; 78-79.

Hornik, Richard. "Bursting China's Bubble". Foreign Affairs, May-June 1994; 28-42.

"How Much Will a Home Cost ?" Building in China, June 1992; 47.

Huang, Hui Shi Jian. "Renovation Project of Dangerous Old Houses in Xiao Hou Cang Lane." China City Planning Review, June 1991; 46-52.

Hu Baozhe. "A Reappraisal of Issues Concerning the Renovation and Redevelopment of Beijing's Qianmen Business Area." China City Planning Review, June 1990; 24-37.

Hyde, Richard. "The Supportive Environment: A Strategy for Creating Quality in the Built

Environment in the Singapore Context". Open House International. 14 (3), 1989; 36-43.

"Impressions de Voyage: Chine-Japon: L'Éternité." Icomos Information, Oct.-Dec. 1985; 13-17.

"Improving Housing Development." Building in China, Dec. 1990; 11-13.

Institut d'Aménagement et d'Urbanisme de la Région de l'Ile-de-France (IAURIF). Eléments de Réflection sur l'Aménagement du Quartier de Zhu Zhong Chang à Pékin. Paris: IAURIF, 1987.

Jacobs, Jane. The Death and Life of Great American Cities. New York: Vintage Books, 1961.

Jian Chuan. "Beijing's Ancient Charms Endures." Beijing Review, March 1986; 16-17.

Jonathan, Philippe. "Pékin." in Bulletin d'Information Architecturales. Supplément au No 79. Paris: Institut Francais d'Architecture, Octobre 1983.

Kaltenbrunner, Robert. "An Architecture That Shapes Urban Space: New Tendencies in

Residential Design." Building in China June 1990; 36-43.

Kazemian, A. Reza. Urban Renewal Versus Local Values. Göteborg, Chalmers University of Technology, 1991.

Ke Huanzhang. "Consideration of the Planning for the Reconstruction of Aging and

Dilapidated Houses in Beijing Old Town." China City Planning Review, Sept. 1991; 57-62.

. "Preservation and Development of Beijing." Building In China, Dec. 1991; 2-10.

Ke Jian Min. "The General Housing Context, China." Open House International, 1987; 3-6.

Keung, John K. "Government Intervention and Housing Policy in Hong Kong". Third World Planning Review, 7 (1), 1985; 23-42.

Kim, Joochul. "China's Current Housing Issues and Policies." Journal of American Planning Association, Spring 1987; 220-225.

"China's Modernizations, Reforms and Mobile Population." International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. 1987; 595-607.

Kirkby, R.J.R. Urbanisation in China. Towns and Country in a Developing Economy, 1949-2000 A.D. London: Croomhelm ed. 1985.

Kojima, Reeitsu. Urbanization and Urban Problems in China. Tokyo: Institute of Developing Economies, Occasional Papers, Series No. 22. PMC publications. 1987.

Kwok, R.Y. "Chine 1949-1979: Architecture et Urbanisme." Architecture d'Aujourd'hui, février 1979; 8-14.

"Construction Technology and Building Material in the People's Republic of China." Habitat International, 1988; 323-335.

Laquian, Aprodicio A. Basic Housing: Policies for Urban Sites, Services and Shelter in Developing Countries. Ottawa: International Development Research Center, 1983.

Léonardon, François. "Chine 1949-1979: Le Squelette et la Chair" Architecture d'Aujourd'hui, février 1979; 16-19.

Li Ping. "Commercialisation of Housing Speeds Up." Beijing Review, May 6-12 1991; 20-23.

Lim, William S.W. "Public Housing In Singapore". Mimar, 7, 1983; 23.

Liu Zhiqun. "On the Construction, Use and Expenditure of Housing." China City Planning Review, June 1986; 43-52.

Liu Jianjun. "The Privatisation of Urban Housing." Beijing Review, Nov. 14-20 1988; 14-17.

Liu Yirong and Li Min. "Housing Development in Beijing." Building in China, June 1988; 25-29.

Liu Zhuyuan. "A Study of the Structure and Functions of the Local Residents Organization in China's Urban Society." China City Planning Review, March 1989; 39-45.

Lu Junhua. "Beijing's Old and Dilapidated Housing Renewal (Phase I)." Building in China, June 1993; 24-35.

Lynch, Kevin. The Image of the City. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The M.I.T. Press, 1960.

Good City Form. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The M.I.T. Press, 1981, 1989.

and Gary Hack. Site Planning. Third edition. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The M.I.T. Press, 1984.

Mann, Dennis Alan. "Housing in a State of Conflict: Tradition and Modernisation in the People's Republic of China." Ekistics, July-Aug. 1984; 349-353.

McNeill, Lucy. "China, Lament for the Lost Lanes of Beijing." Globe and Mail, Oct. 23 1993; 3.

McQuillan, Aidan. Housing and Urban Development in China. Washington: Office of Housing and Urban Programme, USAID. May 1984.

Urban Redevelopment, Housing and Conservation in China. Department of Geography, University of Toronto: Working Paper #32, May 1985.

Miller, J. Marshall, ed. New Life for Cities Around the World. International Handbook on Urban Renewal. New York: Books International, 1959.

Mirbod, Mohamed Ali. Squatter Settlements in Third World: A Case Study of Tehran Iran. Unpublished Masters Thesis. Montreal: McGill University School of Architecture, March 1984.

Mumford, Lewis. The City in History. New York: Hartcourt, Brace and World, Inc. 1961.

The Culture of Cities. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, Publishers. 1938.

The Urban Prospect. New York: Hartcourt, Brace and World, Inc. 1956.

Nelson, Kathryn P. Gentrification and Distressed Cities: An Assessment of Trends in

Intrametropolitan Migration. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1988.

Nozick, Marcia. No Place Like Home: Building Sustainable Communities. Ottawa: Canadian Council on Social Development, 1992.

Palen J. John, and Bruce London Editors. Gentrification, Displacement and Neighbourhood Revitalization. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1984.

"Preserving Old Glory in Construction Boom." Beijing Review, Aug. 12-18 1991;10-11.

Rapoport, Amos . "On the Cultural Responsiveness of Architecture." Journal of Architectural Education, Fall 1987; 10-15.

Rasmussen, Steen Eiler. Towns and Buildings. Cambridge, Massachussetts: M.I.T. Press, 1951.

Rasmussen, Mark. "New Perspectives in Planning and Architecture." Building in China, March 1990; 34-38.

Rehabilitation of Existing Housing Stock. Report from Expert Group Meeting on Human Settlement Management. Nairobi: UNCHS, 1982.

"Research and Discussion Held on the Relationship Between the Reconstruction of Dangerous and Dilapidated Old Buildings in Beijing and the Preservation of Style of the Ancient City." China City Planning Review, Sept. 1991; 63-68.

Rieser, Ellen S. Urban Planning in China 1980-1985: Environmental Constraints and Planning Paradigms. Unpublished. Working Paper. January 1986.

Rocca, Jean-Louis. "A Pékin, Ruraux et Citadins en Quête d'Enrichissement." Le Monde Diplomatique, DATE; 50-53.

Rykwert, Joseph. "Between Mao and Disneyland: The State of Architecture in China and Hong Kong". Times Literary Supplement, Sept 10 1993; 16-17.

Santiago, Arturo M., Residential Rehabilitation with Special References to Montreal. Unpublished. Masters Thesis. Montreal: McGill University School of Architecture. Septembre 1975.

Schmit-Kallert, Einhart. "Housing Policies and Squatters'Struggle in South-East Asia." Ekistics, May-June 1990; 189-213.

, ed. Squatters' Struggle and Housing Policies in South-East Asia: Experiences from Five Countries in South-East and South Asia. Dortmund: IRPUD, 1989.

Schoenauer, Norbert. History of Housing. Montreal: McGill University, 1992.

Shakur, Tasleem and Mass Madden. Resettlement Camps in Dhaka: A Socio-Economic Profile of Squatter Settlements in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Habitat International, 1991; 65-83.

Shen Feiyue. "Lost Among Look-alike Flats". China Daily, June 4th 1986.

Siew-Eng, Teo. "Patterns of Change in Public Housing in Singapore". Third World Planning Review, 11 (4), 1989; 373-391.

Slater, Gene. "Chinese Approach to Housing Development Reveals Planning/ Modernisation Alternatives." Journal of Housing, May 1981; 256-261.

Slovic, David and Ravé Ligia. "China: The Awakening Dragon." Interiors, Oct. 1988; 146-158.

"Solving the Problem of Urban Housing." China Daily, November 13th 1985.

Song Rong. "Opinions on High-Rise Apartments in China." Building in China, June 1988; 30-33.

State Statistical Bureau. "Changes in the Life Styles of Urban Residents." Beijing Review, Nov. 14-20 1988; 26-27.

Stave, Bruce M. "A Conversation With Zhou Lei. Urban History and Development in Beijing." Journal of Urban History, Feb. 1988; 254-268.

Steinberg, Florian. "Self-Help and Step-by-Step Housing in China." Building in China, June 1989; 30-33.

Strand, Daniel. "Power, Class and Gender: New Research On Chinese Urban History." Journal of Urban History, Feb. 1989; 196-204.

Stren, Richard et Al. An Urban Problematique: The Challenge of Urbanisation For Development Assistance. Toronto: Center for Urban and Community Studies: University of Toronto Press, 1992.

Stuebing, Suzan. "Building in China: The Promise, the Problems." Progressive Architecture, March 1986; 31-33.

Sun Hongming. "Protection des Sites Historiques et Urbanisme Moderne." La Chine en Construction, Oct. 1989; 8-11.

Sun, David Paul. Transformation of a Traditional Chinese Courtyard House: The Design of a Residential Complex for Foreign Experts in Beijing. Unpublished. Masters Thesis. Harvard University, Graduate School of Design, Department of Architecture, June 1989.

Teixeira, Rubenilson B. Tradition and Change in the Domestic Environment of the Unplanned Urban Settlements. A Case-Study : Natal, North-East Brazil. Unplublished Masters Thesis. Montreal: McGill University School of Architecture, May 1990.

Treister, Kenneth. Chinese Architecture, Urban Planning and Landscape Design: A Series of Essays. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Architecture and Building Research Center. August 1987.

Tolley, George S. Urban Housing Reform in China: An Economic Analysis. World Bank Discussion Paper No. 123, 1991.

Van der Ryn, Sim and Peter Calthorpe. Sustainable Communities: A New Design Synthesis for Cities, Suburbs and Towns. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1986.

Van Nostrand, John. Old Naledi: The Village Becomes a Town. Toronto: James Lorimer and Company Publishers, 1982.

Varady, David P. Neighbourhood Upgrading: A Realistic Assessment. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1986.

Wai Chung Lai, Lawrence. "Public Housing Density in Hong Kong: A Theoretical and Empirical Review". Ekistics 342, May/June 1990; 160-171.

Wang Chonghua Zhang Pihe. "Some Thoughts on the Preservation of Historical and Cultural Cities" in China City Planning Review. March 1990; 53-58.

Wang Dehua. "A Review of the Development of Planning and Design of China's Urban Residential Areas." China City Planning Review, March 1992; 46-55.

Wang, L.H., and Anthony G.O. Yeh. "Public Housing-led New Town Development, Hong Kong and Singapore". Third World Planning Review, 9 (1), 1987: 41-62.

Wang Yukun. "The Dynamics of Housing Finance in China." Building In China, March 1989; 9-17.

Williams, Bernard. "Public Housing in Hong Kong". Housing Review, Sept.-Oct. 1979; 133-135.

Wong, John, ed. The Cities of Asia: A Study of Urban Solutions and Urban Finance. Singapore University Presss, 1974.

Wu Liang Yong. "After a New Prototype: Rehabilitation of Residential Area in Old

Beijing." JIIA , March 1991; 31-38.

"A Probe Into the Organic Renewal of Urban Cells and the New Type Courtyard House." China City Planning Review, June 1990; 3-23.

"Rehabilitation in Beijing." Habitat International, 1991; 51-66.

and Jin Ying. "Protecting the Heritage of Historic Cities: A Challenging Task." Ekistics, Jan.-Feb. 1987; 14-27.

Wu Xiaoming. "Courtyard Houses Fine But..." China Daily, June 12 1986.

Xiao Yuankai. "Les Vestiges Historiques dans les Rues de Beijing." La Chine en Construction, Dec. 1988; 54-57.

Xu Ronglie. "Development of Housing Construction Technology and Relevant Technical Policies in China." Building in China, Sept. 1988; 7-16.

Yang Yanmin. "Old Courtyard Houses in Beijing." Building in China, Dec. 1990; 21-24.

Ye Rutang. "Le Logement en Chine: Héritage, Situation, Perspective." La Chine en Construction, juillet 1987; 32-35.

Yeh, Anthony G.O. "Public and Private Partnership in Urban Redevelopment in Hong Kong". Third World Planning Review, 12 (4), 1990; 361-383.

, and Peter K.W. Fong. "Public Housing and Urban Development in Hong Kong". Third World Planning Review, February 1984; 79-95.

Yeung Y.M. editor. A Place to Live: More Effective Low-Cost Housing in Asia. Institute for Development and Research of Canada. No 209e; 79-101.

Yichun, Xie and Frank J. Costa. "Urban Design Practice in Socialist China." Third World Planning Review, 13 (3) 1991; 276-296.

Yok-Shiu, F. Lee. "The Urban Housing Problem in China." The China Quarterly, Sept. 1988; 387-407.

You Yuwen. "Une Ruelle de Beijing." La Chine en Construction, janvier 1982; 30-33.

Yu Qingkang. "Integration of Old and New in China's Historical Cities." Building in China, June 1988; 8-15.

Yu Yi. "Residential Redevelopment in Beijing." Open House International, 1989; 9-14.

Zhang Bo. "Plan d'Urbanisme Pour une Capitale où Il Fera Bon Vivre." La Chine en Construction, janvier 1983; 8-13.

Zhang Xianqiu. "On Urban Housing Problems." China City Planning Review, Dec. 1986; 3-13.

Zhang Zhiping. "Beijing: A City Marching Towards Modernisation." Beijing Review, Aug. 12-18 1991; 16-20.

Zhao Dongri. "Studies on Beijing's Development Strategies." Building in China, March 1989; 18-22.

Zhou Deci. "General Aspects and Distinctive Features of Urban Housing Development in China." Prospect, No. 389; 9-12.

Zhou Ganzhi. "Improving Planning Mechanisms to Upgrade the Planning Level of Old Cities." China City Planning Review, March 1988; 3-13.

Zhou Wenzheng. "On Beijing's Urban Housing." in China Building Selection, China Building Technology Development Center, 1983.

Zhu Yan. "Home Buying, Affordable?" Building in China, Dec. 1989; 43-44.

Zhu Youxan. Urban Housing Renovation in China: Towards a New Approach. Unpublished. Masters Thesis in City Planning and Architectural Studies, M.I.T., Cambridge, 1986.

Zhu Zixuan. Plannification and Management of Beijing: Focus on Development and Conservation of the Inner City Area. Paper, 1983.

"An Exploratory Study of the Preservation and Renovation of Old Towns." China City Planning Review, Dec. 1989; 38-56.

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