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Modern history of the Middle East & North Africa: primary source materials

  • McGill users only
  • Open access resource
  • Free resource
  • In-library-use only
  • Catalogue record

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Please contact
anais [dot] salamon [at] mcgill [dot] ca (Anaïs Salamon)

Microfilms and microfiches available @ McGill

  • Berry, Edward. A Narrative of the Proceedings of His Majesty's Squadron Under the Command of Rear-Admiral Sir H. Nelson, K.b: From Its Sailing from Gibralter to the Conclusion of the Glorious Victory of the Nile, Drawn from the Minutes. Quebec: Republished by John Neilson, 1799.
    FC19 C36 no.50596 Micro fiche – Humanities and Social Sciences Library
  • Bickford, E O. A Winter Trip in Search of Summer. Toronto?: s.n., 1888.
    FC19 C36 no.03584 Micro fiche – Humanities and Social Sciences Library
  • Browne, A. Bonaparte in Egypt and the Egyptians of To-Day. New York: Ch. Scribner's Sons, 1907.
    DC225 B76 1907a Micro film – Humanities and Social Sciences Library
  • Cadell, Charles. Narrative of the Campaigns of the twenty-eighth Regiment, since their Return from Egypt in 1802. London: Whittaker, 1835.
    DC232 C33 1835a Micro film – Humanities and Social Sciences Library
  • Church Missionary Society Archive: Section IV. Marlborough, Wiltshire: Adam Matthew Publications, 2009.
    Covers CMS stations in Africa (1880-1934) including Letter Books and Precis Books containing correspondence, circulars and reports describing medical work, education, social welfare and evangelism in all the mission Centers
    Part 7: Sudan, 1905-1949 (reels 109-129)
    Part 14: Egypt Mission, 1889-1934 (reels 284-300)
    Part 15: Egypt Mission, 1889-1949 (reels 301-314)
    BV2500 A2 C84 1997 Micro film – Humanities and Social Sciences Library
  • Church Missionary Society Archive: Section IX. Marlborough, Wiltshire: Adam Matthew Publications, 2009.
    Covers CMS stations in Palestine (1880-1934): includes Letter Books and Precis Books containing correspondence, circulars and reports describing medical work, education, social welfare and evangelism in all the mission Centers.
    The material also contains much on the Native Church Council and its workings; reports on the work of Bible women; difficulties between the bishop and missionaries and the work of female missionaries among the local women including the amalgamation of the Female Education Society with CMS. Lists of missionaries, both European and native are included.
    BV2500 A2 C8456 2009 Micro film – Islamic Studies Library
  • Dennett, John F. The Voyages and Travels of Captains Ross, Parry, Franklin, and Mr. Belzoni: Forming an Interesting History of the Manners, Customs, and Characters of Various Nations. London: W. Wright, 1986.
    FC19 C36 no.47280 Micro fiche – Humanities and Social Sciences Library
  • Gingras, Léon. L'Orient ou voyage en Égypte, en Arabie, en Terre-Sainte, en Turquie et en Grèce. Québec: Fréchette, 1847.
    FC19 C36 no.45672 Micro fiche – Humanities and Social Sciences Library
  • Hammond, R A. The History of Turkey and the War in Egypt: comprising a graphic description of the Country, including Palestine, Egypt and other Provinces of Turkey the habits and customs of the Turks and Arabs, their religious rites and ceremonies ... with a full account of the Rebellion and Butchery in Alexandria and the Origin, Progress and Results of the Anglo-Egyptian War: with biographical sketches of leading English Officers, their valourous deeds, Etc. Toronto: A.H Hovey, 1883.
    FC19 C36 no.32024 Micro fiche – Humanities and Social Sciences Library
  • Monteney-Jephson, A J, and Henry M. Stanley. Emin Pasha and the Rebellion at the Equator: A story of nine month's Experiences in the last of the Soudan Provinces. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1890..
    FC19 C36 no.12923 Micro fiche – Humanities and Social Sciences Library
  • Palestine: The British Mandate : a Collection of Sources from 1917-1940, published on Microfiche. Zug, Switzerland: Inter Documentation Co, 1990.
    This collection covers the principal Memoranda, Statements and Reports published during the time of the British Mandate, from the Balfour Declaration in 1917 until the end of the Mandate in 1948. The collection includes the White Papers and Reports relating to the Official Commissions sent to Palestine. Sources relating to the general social, demographic and economic development of Palestine have also been included.
    KMQ 1044.9 P35 1986 Micro fiche – Nahum Gelber Law Library
  • Palestine, the Legal Background: a Collection of Sources published on Microfiche from the Collection of Law in the Service of Man, Ramallah. Zug, Switzerland: Inter Documentation, 1984.
    Includes: Ottoman Laws, Laws issued in Palestine by the Mandate Authorities, Jordanian Laws and Military Orders and Israeli Laws and Decrees.
    KMQ 1044.9 P354 1984 Micro fiche – Nahum Gelber Law Library
  • Parker, Gilbert. The Works of Gilbert Parker. New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1912.
    FC19 C36 no.85946-85968 Micro fiche – Humanities and Social Sciences Library
  • Selected Papers from the Transactions of the Canadian Military Institute, 1891-92. Toronto: Printed for the Canadian Military Institute by the Williamson Book Company, 1892.
    FC19 C36 no.17021 Micro fiche– Humanities and Social Sciences Library
  • Smith, Goldwin. The Policy of Aggrandizement. New York?: s.n, 1888.
    FC19 C36 no.33248 Micro fiche – Humanities and Social Sciences Library
  • Witton, H B. Egypt, and some account of the Book of the Dead: read before the Hamilton Association, January 8th, 1891. Place of publication not identified: publisher not identified, 1891.
    FC19 C36 no.38747 Micro fiche – Humanities and Social Sciences Library


Databases accessible @ McGill

  • Archives unbound. Gale, Cengage Learning, 2012.
    Archives Unbound presents topically-focused digital collections of historical documents.
    • Evangelism and the Syria-Lebanon Mission: Correspondence of the Board of Foreign Missions, 1869-1910
      This collection includes the records of the Board of Foreign Missions provide invaluable information on social conditions in Greater Syria (and Lebanon) and on efforts to spread the gospel during the nineteenth century.
    • Afghanistan and the U.S., 1945-1963: Records of the U.S. State Department Central Classified Files
      This collection provides an opportunity to peer into the mountains, valleys, villages, and cities that is called Afghanistan.
    • Democracy in Turkey, 1950-1959: Records of the U.S. State Department Classified Files
      This collection of State Department documents provides access to unique primary source materials on the political, economic and social development of Turkey during a period of democratization in the 1950s.
    • U.S. Middle East Peace Policy and America’s Role in the Middle East Peace Process, 1989-1993
      This collection contains Bush Presidential Records from a variety of White House offices. These files consist of letters of correspondence, memoranda, coversheets, notes, distribution lists, newspaper articles, informational papers, published articles, and reports from the public, the Congress, Bush administration officials, and other various federal agencies primarily regarding American Middle East peace policy and the United States’ role in the many facets of the Middle East peace process.
    • U.S. and Iraqi Relations: U.S. Technical Aid, 1950-1958
      The program of technical cooperation in Iraq, prior to the Revolution of 1958, was frequently cited as an example of the ideal Point Four program. The overthrow of the established government led naturally to questions concerning the "failure" of American technical assistance in that country.
    • The Middle East Online: Iraq, 1914-1974
      Iraq 1914-1974 offers the widest range of original source material from the Foreign Office, Colonial Office, War Office and Cabinet Papers from the Anglo-Indian landing in Basra in 1914 through the British Mandate in Iraq of 1920-1932 to the rise of Saddam Hussein in 1974.
    • The Middle East Online: Arab-Israeli Relations, 1917-1970
      Arab-Israeli Relations 1917-1970—offers the widest range of original source material from the British Foreign Office, Colonial Office, War Office and Cabinet Papers from the 1917 Balfour Declaration through to the Black September war of 1970-1971.
    • Records of the Persian Gulf War
      This collection contains materials related to the diplomatic and military response by the United States (as part of a multi-national force) to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990.
    • The King and the People in Morocco, 1950-1959
      This collection provides access to a unique selection of documents on a wide variety of topics relating to Moroccan internal affairs.
  • Confidential Print: Middle East. Marlborough, Wiltshire, England: Adam Matthew Digital, 2000.
    The Confidential Print series, issued by the Foreign and Colonial Offices since c. 1820, originated out of a need for the Government to preserve all of the most important papers generated by the Foreign and Colonial Offices. Some of these are one-page letters or telegrams; others are large volumes or texts of treaties. The coverage includes the Egyptian reforms of Muhammad Ali Pasha in the nineteenth century, the Middle East Conference of 1921, the Mandates for Palestine and Mesopotamia and the Suez Crisis in 1956, the partition of Palestine, post-Suez Western foreign policy and the Arab-Israeli conflict. All documents are fully text-searchable.
  • Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Daily reports
    Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Daily Reports consists of daily reports published from September 4, 1941 through March 29, 1974. FBIS Daily Report Annexes consists of annexes created by the U.S. intelligence community to benefit analysts and policy makers, originally published from April 1974 through September 1996.
  • The Listener: historical archives (1929-1991). Gale, Cengage Learning, 2011.
    The Listener was a weekly publication, established by the BBC in 1929 as the medium for reproducing radio – and later, television – programmes in print. It is the only record and means of accessing the content of many early broadcasts. In addition to expanding on the intellectual broadcasts of the week, it also discussed contemporary issues (including political issues), and regularly reviewed new books. 10% of its content was actually not connected to broadcasting at all. What united the very diverse articles was the BBC’s cultural mission of educating the masses. Having chronicled the transformative rise of radio and television, The Listener finally ceased publication in 1991, just on the dawn of the internet age.
  • PAIS Archive (1915-1976)
    Consists of indexing and abstracting of articles, books, conference proceedings, government documents, book chapters, and statistical directories about public affairs.
  • ProQuest historical annual Reports
    Provides access to 43,000 annual reports (1844-current) of over 800 companies. Searchable puff images with indexed data such as: financial, Fortune 500 ranking, industry classification, key people, geographic location, auditor and related companies.

On the Internet: Digital collections and websites

  • African Online Digital Library.
    The African Online Digital Library (AODL) is a portal to multimedia collections about Africa. MATRIX, working in cooperation with the African Studies Center at Michigan State University, is partnering with universities and cultural heritage organizations in Africa to build this resource. Plans are underway to add digital tools in order to enable scholars to work with and add to these materials.
  • ARTstor
    ARTstor is a digital Library of nearly one million images in the areas of art, architecture, the humanities and social sciences. To find images of the Middle-East, browse by geographical area.
  • The Avalon Project. Yale Law School
    The Avalon Project includes documents relevant to the fields of Law, History, Economics, Politics, Diplomacy and Government in the collection entitled "The Middle East 1916-2001: a documentary record".
  • British History online. Institute of Historical Research, and History of Parliament Trust
    BHO is the digital library containing some of the core printed primary and secondary sources for the history of the British Isles, including administrative, legal, and parliamentary documents. Created by the Institute of Historical Research and the History of Parliament Trust, it aims to support academic and personal users around the world and their learning and research.
  • EuroDocs. Richard Hacken, European Studies Bibliographer at the Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA.
    Eurodocs gives acces to sources for the History of Europe, including legal and governmental documents, transcriptions, facsimiles and commentaries. The France and the UK sections offer some documents related to their respective colonial history.
  • Description de l'Égypte ; ou, Recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'éxpédition de L'armée française, 1798-1801.
    Description de l'Egypte was the outcome of the collaboration of more than 150 prominent scholars and scientists who accompanied Napoleon in 1798, and some 2000 talented artists and technicians, who, for over 20 years, systematically examined almost every aspect of contemporary and ancient Egyptian civilization, producing 20 volumes of text and plates of unmatched accuracy and detail. Historically, these engravings became the most comprehensive record and inventory of Egypt’s land and monuments. This valuable collection containing images related to antiquities, natural history, and the modern states of Egypt has been fully digitized and integrated on a virtual browser with the objective of preserving it and making it publicly accessible by Bibliotheca Alexandrina.
  • Digital National Security Archive
    DNSA is a collection of primary documents central to US foreign policy since 1945. It includes more than 35.000 declassified documents gathered through the use of the US Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).
  • Voyage en Afrique. Gallica. Bibliothèque Nationale de France
    This digital collection offers a wide selection of documents, primarily in French, covering the entire African continent in the 18th and 19th century. Contents include: maps of peoples and kingdoms, colonial history, physical map, antique maps, nautical maps, full text books, journal articles, maps illustrating themes: L’Europe decouvre l’Afrique, L’Afrique des cultures, Histoire coloniale : la France en Afrique, L’Afrique vue depuis la France. Journal articles (Bulletins de la Societe d’anthropologie de Paris; Bulletin de la Societe de geographie de Paris; le Tour du Monde, 1860-191; La Geographie; Bulletin de la Societe de geographie commerciale de Bordeaux; Revue maritime et coloniale, Annales des voyages, de la geographie et de l’histoire: Nouvelles annales des voyages, de la geographie et de l’histoire and many more. An entire section of the website is dedicated to the history of French colonial policy in Africa (1830-1945)
  • Gertrude Bell Archive. Newcastle University Library
    The Gertrude Bell Archive comprise Gertrude’s personal correspondence, diaries and miscellaneous items, such as Review of the Civil Administration of Mesopotamia (1920), notebooks, obituaries, lecture notes and miscellaneous reports, memoranda and cuttings. Approximately 1,600 letters and diaries covering the years 1877-1879 and 1893-1900 (with some gaps reflecting where there is no hard-copy of the diary) can be found transcribed on this website, along with approximately 7,000 of her archaeological and travel photographs.
  • Internet Archive
    The Internet Archive, is a non-profit organization building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. Like a paper library, IA provides free access to researchers, historians, scholars, the print disabled, and the general public. Sources are primarily about and from the U.S. but provides access to some interesting books (travel accounts, or memoirs) digitized. Search by country name (Sudan, Syria, Algeria, etc.)
  • Internet Library Sub-Saharan Africa. African Studies Center, The Nordik Afrika Institute, Johanes Gutenberg Universität
    The internet library sub-Saharan Africa (ilissAfrica) is a portal that offers an integrated access to relevant scientific conventional and digital information resources on the sub-Saharan Africa region. Information scattered on private or institutional websites, databases or library catalogues is brought together in order to facilitate research.
  • Matson (G. Eric and Edith) Photograph Collection. Library of Congress
    The G. Eric and Edith Matson Photograph Collection is a rich source of historical images of the Middle East. The majority of the images depict Palestine (present day Israel and the West Bank) from 1898 to 1946. Most of the collection consists of over 22,000 glass and film photographic negatives and transparencies created by the American Colony Photo Department and its successor firm, the Matson Photo Service. Over 1,000 photographic prints and eleven albums are also part of this collection. Digital images for the negatives and transparencies and a sample of the photographs are available online.
  • The Law Library Microform Consortium (LLMC)
    LLMC is a non-profit cooperative of libraries dedicated to the twin goals of, preserving legal titles and government documents, while making copies inexpensively available digitally through its on-line service LLMC-Digital.
  • The Middle East in Early Prints and Photographs.New York Public Library
    This digital collection gives access to several thousand prints and photographs contained in works from the 17th century to the beginning of the 20th century. These include books illustrated with prints or photographs, photograph albums, and archival compilations; the processes represented range from engravings to lithographs, and from salt prints to heliogravures.
  • The U.K. National Archives
    The National Archives is the official archive and publisher for the UK government, and for England and Wales. They collect, preserve, and make government record as accessible and available as possible : 11 million historical government and public records. From Domesday Book to modern government papers and digital files, this collection includes paper and parchment, electronic records and websites, photographs, posters, maps, drawings and paintings. In order to find what you're looking for, you may want to use the colonies and dependencies research guide focusing on records relating to the administration of British colonies and dominions. These records are an invaluable resource for the study of British policy on individual territories, and the broader history of Britain's approach to its empire: The U.K. National Archives: colonies and and dependencies.
  • The Qatar Digital Library (QDL)
    This Digital Library is making a vast archive featuring the cultural and historical heritage of the Gulf and wider region freely available online for the first time. It includes archives, maps, manuscripts, sound recordings, photographs and much more, complete with contextualised explanatory notes and links, in both English and Arabic.
  • The Palestine Poster Project Archives. Dan Walsh, MA student at Georgetown University (2011)
    Web-based archives that displays a broad range of Palestine posters in a searchable format with each poster translated and interpreted. Titles included are from the Liberation Graphics collection, the Library of Congress, the Central Zionist Archives in Jerusalem, the International Institute of Social History in Amsterdam, Yale University, the University of Chicago and a host of other sources. Currently, archives contains 5593 posters and 1237 artists
  • Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs
    This collection of maps covers much of Palestine’s modern history. While many of these maps represent PASSIA’s own work, others are drawn from secondary sources – as indicated beneath the individual maps.
  • Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection. University of Texas at Austin.
    This University of Texas at Austin Libraries website offers access to a great number of their historical maps  which have been digitized. It also provides a lengthy list of links to some other historical maps websites. Both their digital collection of historical maps and the list of websites can be browsed by geographic region (Africa / Middle East).
  • Photo and film archive for Palestine Refugees. United Nation Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA)
    The archive consists of images and films taken by UNRWA photographers (and their predecessors) throughout the tumultuous second half of the twentieth century and start of the twenty-first. It includes iconic images of Palestinians having to leave their homes, in 1948; the establishment of refugee camps, in the 1950s; the second flight, in 1967; the hostilities in Lebanon; and the unrest from the second half of the 1980s to the early twenty-first century.
  • Sudan Open Archives. Rift Valley Institute, 2005.
    Offers free digital access to historical and contemporary books and documents about all regions of Sudan. It is an expanding, word-searchable, full-text database.
  • United Nations Website
    The UN website includes digital copies of most work documents produced from1993, Security Council, General Assembly, and Economic and Social Council Resolutions from1946, in addition to reports, agreements and legal instruments, statistics, etc.
  • World Ditigal Library
    The World Digital Library (WDL) makes available on the Internet, free of charge and in multilingual format, significant primary materials from countries and cultures around the world. WDL partners are mainly libraries, archives, or other institutions that have collections of cultural content that they contribute to the WDL. Partners may also include institutions, foundations, and private companies that contribute to the project in other ways, for example by sharing technology, convening or co-sponsoring meetings of working groups, or contributing financially.
    The "Middle-East and North Africa" corpus includes 1712 documents.


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