The children's books collection is composed of some 3,000 volumes. While these are primarily nineteenth- and twentieth-century books, there is a small number of eighteenth-century items. The collection encompasses a wide diversity of material including alphabets, fiction, poetry, education, science, annuals, moral instruction and examples of horn books. There is a long run of variant issues and editions of the books of G.A Henty. The collection also includes some 342 Soviet children's books from the 1920s to the 1940s that are of particular interest for their graphic design. This material was acquired in 1985 from a Russian expatriate living in New York City. The children's books collection is complemented by the Arthur Rackham Collection and holdings of material of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries treating moral instruction, in particular the works of Hannah More and of works on female education. As well the Palmer Cox Collection documents the work of an important North American children's book illustrator.