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Coming in February 2021

The Disable Contract: Severe Intellectual Disability, Justice and Morality book coverThe Disabled Contract
Severe Intellectual Disability, Justice and Morality

by Jonas-Sébastien Beaudry
published by Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107152854

Abstract

Social contract theories generally predicate the authority of rules that govern society on the idea that these rules are the product of a contractual agreement struck between members of society. These theories embody values, such as equality, reciprocity and rationality, that are highly prized within our culture. Yet a closer inspection reveals that these features exclude other important values, relations and even persons from the realm of contractual morality and justice, especially people with severe intellectual disabilities. Jonas-Sébastien Beaudry explores the moral status of intellectually disabled people in social contract thought and argues that this tradition needs to be revisited to include the most vulnerable. Addressing this problem will have concrete repercussions in law and policy, because many issues that people with disabilities face are connected to deeply rooted assumptions about their status as full citizens or full members of our moral, political and legal communities.

More information


News and Publications from 2020


Jill Baumgartner co-authored an article in Chemosphere:

Santa-Rios A, Barst BD, Tejeda L, et al.

Dried blood spots to characterize mercury speciation and exposure in a Colombian artisanal and small-scale gold mining community

Chemosphere 2020, 129001, ISSN 0045-6535
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.129001
available online November 19, 2020

Abstract:

The artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) sector uses the most mercury (Hg) worldwide. Despite health concerns associated with high Hg exposures in these communities, ASGM sites are often situated in resource limited and remote regions which challenge traditional human biomonitoring approaches. To help overcome such challenges, here we report on the development of a high-quality method to characterize chemical speciation of Hg in dried blood spots (DBS), and then apply this method to assess Hg exposures in people sampled from an ASGM community (Pueblito Mejia) and a nearby town (Barranco de Loba) in Colombia. We collected DBS and urine samples from 35 individuals in 2018, and used these to assess occupational (DBS inorganic Hg (InHg) and urine total Hg (THg) measures) and environmental (DBS methylmercury (MeHg) measures) exposure of participants to different forms of Hg. The accuracy and precision of the DBS-based measures generally met assay performance guideline. In study participants, the mean concentrations of DBS MeHg, InHg, and THg, and urine THg were 1.9, 4.1, 6.0, and 3.1 μg/L, respectively. For 37% of the participants, DBS THg values exceeded the 5 μg/L ‘alert level’ proposed by the German HBM Commission. About 60% of the blood Hg was in the InHg form thus exemplifying a need to speciate Hg in blood sampled from ASGM sites to better understand the contributions of environmental and occupational exposure sources. This study demonstrates the feasibility of using DBS for Hg speciation exposure assessments in remote and resource-limited areas such as ASGM communities.


Christopher Barrington-Leigh was quoted in the following article from the McGill Newsroom - Institutional Communications, published on November 17, 2020:

Experts: Quebec’s Plan for a Green Economy


Foreign Practices book coverForeign Practices:
Immigrant Doctors and the History of Canadian Medicare

by Sasha Mullally and David Wright

Published by McGill Queen's University Press
ISBN 9780228003717
November 2020

Overview

When the CBC organized a national contest to identify the greatest Canadian of all time, few were surprised when the father of Medicare, Tommy Douglas, won by a large margin: Medicare is central to Canadian identity. Yet focusing on Douglas and his fight for social justice obscures other important aspects of the construction of Canada's national health insurance - especially its longstanding dependence on immigrant doctors.

Foreign Practices reconsiders the early history of Medicare through the stories of foreign-trained doctors who entered the country in the three decades after the Second World War. By making strategic use of oral history, analyzing contemporary medical debates, and reconstructing doctors' life histories, Sasha Mullally and David Wright demonstrate that foreign doctors arrived by the hundreds at a pivotal moment for health care services. Just as Medicare was launched, Canada began to prioritize "highly skilled manpower" when admitting newcomers, a novel policy that drew thousands of professionals from around the world. Doctors from India and Iran, Haiti and Hong Kong, and Romania and the Republic of South Africa would fundamentally transform the medical landscape of the country.

Charting the fascinating history of physician immigration to Canada, and the ethical debates it provoked, Foreign Practices places the Canadian experience within a wider context of global migration after the Second World War.


Adamou TY, Riva M, Muckle G, et al.

Blood mercury and plasma polychlorinated biphenyls concentrations in pregnant Inuit women from Nunavik: Temporal trends, 1992–2017

Sci Total Environ. 2020 Nov 15;743:140495.
doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140495.

Abstract

The Inuit of Nunavik (Northern Quebec, Canada) are exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and mercury (Hg) through their consumption of marine country foods. A temporal trend study was initiated in 1992 to monitor circulating levels of PCBs and Hg in pregnant Inuit women, since the fetus is most at risk of adverse health effects. We set out (1) to describe temporal trends of PCBs and Hg levels in pregnant Nunavik women between 1992 and 2017; (2) to determine the prevalence of participants exceeding the guidance values in 2017; (3) to investigate relations between marine country food intake and contaminant levels over the study period. A total of 559 pregnant women provided a blood sample for contaminant analysis from 1992 to 2017. PCB congeners were quantified in plasma (serum) by gas chromatography (GC) coupled to electron capture detection or mass spectrometry (MS). We determined whole blood mercury concentration by cold vapor atomic absorption or inductively-coupled plasma MS. We performed multilevel modeling to assess temporal trends in contaminant levels and relations with marine country food consumption. Concentrations of total PCBs and Hg decreased by 84% and 65% between 1992 and 2017, respectively. Nevertheless, 10% and 22% of women in 2017 exceeded guidance values for PCBs and Hg, respectively. While the decline in marine country food intake is the only factor associated with decreasing Hg levels, other factors may explain the decline in PCB levels. Despite the significant decline in PCBs and Hg levels from 1992 to 2017, exposure to these contaminants is still quite prevalent among pregnant Nunavik women. Most of the decline in Hg exposure is likely due to a shift away from marine country foods to store-bought foods, which is a concern given the cultural and nutritional importance of country foods and the high food insecurity that prevails in Nunavik.


The work of Jill Baumgartner was discussed in an article in Old Gold & Black:

Tides are changing for national climate policy

The Trump administration did not prioritize climate change, but Biden-Harris promise to

by Sophia Tompkins on November 12, 2020.


Dea S, Weinstock D.

Harm Reduction: A Research Agenda

Health Care Anal. 2020 Nov 3;1-3.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10728-020-00418-6

Excerpt

This special issue of Health Care Analysis is part of a larger effort to engage philosophers and political theorists in the study of Harm Reduction (HR) and to encourage scholars and front-line workers who work within the HR tradition to look to philosophy and political theory for conceptual and theoretical resources. The initiative comes surprisingly late. HR has existed under that moniker for 30 years, and has become a globally influential public health approach. However, there has been surprisingly little engagement with HR by philosophers and political theorists, and there exists comparatively little transdisciplinary and transsectoral work on HR involving philosophers and political theorists. We hope to change that.


Arijit Nandi co-authored an article in Environmental Research:

Richardson RA, Harper S, Weichenthal S, et al.

Extremes in water availability and suicide: Evidence from a nationally representative sample of rural Indian adults

Environmental Research. 2020 Nov;190:109969.
DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2020.109969.

Abstract

Background: Extremes in water availability, either exceptionally wet or dry conditions, can damage crops and may detrimentally affect the livelihood and well-being of people engaged in agriculture. We estimated the effect of water availability on suicide in rural India, a context where the majority of households are dependent upon agriculture.

Methods: We used data from a nationally representative sample of 8.5 million people who were monitored for causes of death from 2001 to 2013. Water availability was measured with high-resolution precipitation and temperature data (i.e., the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index). We used a fixed effects approach that modeled changes in water availability within districts (n = 569) over time (n = 13 years) to estimate the impact on suicide deaths. We restricted our analysis to rural areas and to deaths occurring during the growing season (June–March) among adults aged 15 or older, and controlled for sex, age, region, and year. We used Poisson regression with standard errors clustered at the district level and total deaths as the offset.

Results: There were 9456 suicides and 249,786 total deaths in our study population between 2001 and 2013. Compared to normal growing seasons, the percent of deaths due to suicide increased by 18.7% during extremely wet growing seasons (95% CI: 6.2, 31.2) and by 3.6% during extremely dry growing seasons (95% CI: −17.9, 25.0). We found that effects varied by age.

Conclusions: We found extremes is water availability associated with an increase in suicide. Abnormally wet growing conditions may play an important, yet overlooked, role in suicide among rural Indian adults.


Batomen B, Moore L, Strumpf E, Champion H, Nandi A

Impact of trauma centre accreditation on mortality and complications in a Canadian trauma system: an interrupted time series analysis

BMJ Quality & Safety Published Online First: 30 October 2020.
doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2020-011271

Abstract

Background - Periodic external accreditation visits aiming to determine whether trauma centres are fulfilling the criteria for optimal care are part of most trauma systems. However, despite the growing trend towards accreditation of trauma centres, its impact on patient outcomes remains unclear. In addition, a recent systematic review found inconsistent results on the association between accreditation and patient outcomes, mostly due to the lack of robust controls. We aim to address these gaps by assessing the impact of trauma centre accreditation on patient outcomes, specifically in-hospital mortality and complications, using an interrupted time series (ITS) design.

Methods - We included all major trauma admissions to five level I and four level II trauma centres in Quebec, Canada between 2008 and 2017. In order to perform ITS, we first obtained monthly and quarterly estimates of the proportions of in-hospital mortality and complications, respectively, for level I and level II centres. Prognostic scores were used to standardise these proportions to account for changes in patient case mix and segmented regressions with autocorrelated errors were used to estimate changes in levels and trends in both outcomes following accreditation.

Results - There were 51 035 admissions, including 20 165 for major trauma during the study period. After accounting for changes in patient case mix and secular trend in studied outcomes, we globally did not observe an association between accreditation and patient outcomes. However, associations were heterogeneous across centres. For example, in a level II centre with worsening preaccreditation outcomes, accreditation led to −9.08 (95% CI −13.29 to −4.87) and −9.60 (95% CI −15.77 to −3.43) percentage point reductions in mortality and complications, respectively.

Conclusion - Accreditation seemed to be beneficial for centres that were experiencing a decrease in performance preceding accreditation.


October 30th, 2020

IHSP Learning from COVID: Perspectives on Health and Social Policy - COVID and Beyond

Blog October 30th Promo ImageAn ethical analysis of COVID-19 impacts from a global child lens: It’s time to prioritize children’s rights!

Sydney Campbell, Carlo Cicero Oneto, Manav Preet Singh Saini, Nona Attaran, Nora Makasani, Raissa Passos Dos Santos, Shilni Pukuma, Franco A Carnevale

The analysis presented in this blog post relies on a global child lens to assess the ways in which young people in several resource-limited nations have been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. The authors draw from children’s rights and justice-based literatures to construct an ethical analysis of these impacts and to provide evidence-informed recommendations for ways forward. 

https://blogs.mcgill.ca/learning-from-covid/2020/10/28/an-ethical-analysis-of-covid-19-impacts-from-a-global-child-lens-its-time-to-prioritize-childrens-rights/


Procedural Justice and Relational Theory Empirical, Philosophical, and Legal Perspectives

Natalie Stoljar contributed to the book:

Procedural Justice and Relational Theory
Empirical, Philosophical, and Legal Perspectives

Edited by Denise Meyerson, Catriona Mackenzie, Therese MacDermott
Published October 29th, 2020
Copyright Year 2021 (Routledge - Taylor & Francis Group)
ISBN 9780367321727

Part IV Implications and applications: legal institutions and the exercise of legal authority.

10. Racial profiling as pejorative discrimination
Natalie Stoljar

https://www.routledge.com/Procedural-Justice-and-Relational-Theory-Empirical-Philosophical-and/Meyerson-Mackenzie-MacDermott/p/book/9780367321727


Arijit Nandi co-authored an article in the International Journal for Quality in Health Care

Batomen B, Moore L, Strumpf E, et al.

Trauma system accreditation and patient outcomes in British Columbia: An interrupted time series analysis

International Journal for Quality in Health Care, mzaa133
https://doi.org/10.1093/intqhc/mzaa133
Published October 26, 2020


Weinstock, D.M.

Disagreement, Unenforceability, and Harm Reduction.

Health Care Anal. 2020 Oct 24.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10728-020-00409-7

Abstract

Talk of harm reduction has expanded horizontally, to apply to an ever-widening range of policy domains, and vertically, becoming part of official legal and political discourse. This expansion calls for philosophical theorization. What is the best way in which to characterize harm reduction? Does it represent a distinctive ethical position? How is it best morally justified, and what are its moral limits? I distinguish two varieties of harm reduction. One of them, technocratic harm reduction, is premised on the fact of non-enforceability of prohibitionist policies. The second, deliberative harm reduction, is premised on the fact of reasonable disagreement, grounded in the fact that reasonable persons disagree about a range of controversial behaviours. I argue that deliberative harm reduction better accounts for some of harm reduction’s most attractive features, and provides a plausible way of accounting for harm reductions’s justificatory grounds and limits.


Stoljar, N.

Disgust or Dignity? The Moral Basis of Harm Reduction.

Health Care Anal. 2020 Oct 24.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10728-020-00412-y

Abstract

Harm reduction has been advocated to address a diverse range of public health concerns. The moral justification of harm reduction is usually presumed to be consequentialist because the goal of harm reduction is to reduce the harmful health consequences of risky behaviors, such as substance use. Harm reduction is contrasted with an abstinence model whose goal is to eradicate or reduce the prevalence of such behaviors. The abstinence model is often thought to be justified by ‘deontological’ considerations: it is claimed that many risky behaviors are morally unacceptable, and therefore that we have a moral obligation to recommend abstinence. Because harm reduction is associated with a consequentialist justification and the abstinence model is associated with a deontological justification, the potential for a deontological justification of harm reduction has been overlooked. This paper addresses this gap. It argues that the moral duty to protect autonomy and dignity that has been advocated in other areas of medical ethics also justifies the public health policy of harm reduction. It offers two examples—the provision of supervised injection sites and the Housing First policy to address homelessness—to illustrate the argument.


Shoari N, Ezzati M, Baumgartner J, Malacarne D, Fecht D (2020, Oct 23)

Accessibility and allocation of public parks and gardens in England and Wales: A COVID-19 social distancing perspective.

PLoS ONE 15(10): e0241102.
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0241102

Abstract

Visiting parks and gardens supports physical and mental health. We quantified access to public parks and gardens in urban areas of England and Wales, and the potential for park crowdedness during periods of high use. We combined data from the Office for National Statistics and Ordnance Survey to quantify (i) the number of parks within 500 and 1,000 metres of urban postcodes (i.e., availability), (ii) the distance of postcodes to the nearest park (i.e., accessibility), and (iii) per-capita space in each park for people living within 1,000m. We examined variability by city and share of flats. Around 25.4 million people (~87%) can access public parks or gardens within a ten-minute walk, while 3.8 million residents (~13%) live farther away; of these 21% are children and 13% are elderly. Areas with a higher share of flats on average are closer to a park but people living in these areas visit parks that are potentially overcrowded during periods of high use. Such disparity in urban areas of England and Wales becomes particularly evident during COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown when local parks, the only available out-of-home space option, hinder social distancing requirements. Cities aiming to facilitate social distancing while keeping public green spaces safe might require implementing measures such as dedicated park times for different age groups or entry allocation systems that, combined with smartphone apps or drones, can monitor and manage the total number of people using the park.


Rosenthal J, Arku RE, Baumgartner J, et al. October 9, 2020

Systems Science Approaches for Global Environmental Health Research: Enhancing Intervention Design and Implementation for Household Air Pollution (HAP) and Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Programs

Environmental Health Perspectives 128:10 CID: 105001
https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP7010

Abstract

Background: Two of the most important causes of global disease fall in the realm of environmental health: household air pollution (HAP) and poor water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) conditions. Interventions, such as clean cookstoves, household water treatment, and improved sanitation facilities, have great potential to yield reductions in disease burden. However, in recent trials and implementation efforts, interventions to improve HAP and WASH conditions have shown few of the desired health gains, raising fundamental questions about current approaches.

Objectives: We describe how the failure to consider the complex systems that characterize diverse real-world conditions may doom promising new approaches prematurely. We provide examples of the application of systems approaches, including system dynamics, network analysis, and agent-based modeling, to the global environmental health priorities of HAP and WASH research and programs. Finally, we offer suggestions on how to approach systems science.

Methods: Systems science applied to environmental health can address major challenges by a) enhancing understanding of existing system structures and behaviors that accelerate or impede aims; b) developing understanding and agreement on a problem among stakeholders; and c) guiding intervention and policy formulation. When employed in participatory processes that engage study populations, policy makers, and implementers, systems science helps ensure that research is responsive to local priorities and reflect real-world conditions. Systems approaches also help interpret unexpected outcomes by revealing emergent properties of the system due to interactions among variables, yielding complex behaviors and sometimes counterintuitive results.

Discussion: Systems science offers powerful and underused tools to accelerate our ability to identify barriers and facilitators to success in environmental health interventions. This approach is especially useful in the context of implementation research because it explicitly accounts for the interaction of processes occurring at multiple scales, across social and environmental dimensions, with a particular emphasis on linkages and feedback among these processes. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP7010


Jill Baumgartner co-authored an article in Scientific Reports on October 7, 2020

Biel, R., Danieli, C., Shekarrizfard, M. et al.

Acute cardiovascular health effects in a panel study of personal exposure to traffic-related air pollutants and noise in Toronto, Canada

Sci Rep 10, 16703 (2020).
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-73412-6

Abstract

Urban populations are often simultaneously exposed to air pollution and environmental noise, which are independently associated with cardiovascular disease. Few studies have examined acute physiologic responses to both air and noise pollution using personal exposure measures. We conducted a repeated measures panel study of air pollution and noise in 46 non-smoking adults in Toronto, Canada. Data were analyzed using linear mixed-effects models and weighted cumulative exposure modeling of recent exposure. We examined acute changes in cardiovascular health effects of personal (ultrafine particles, black carbon) and regional (PM2.5, NO2, O3, Ox) measurements of air pollution and the role of personal noise exposure as a confounder of these associations. We observed adverse changes in subclinical cardiovascular outcomes in response to both air pollution and noise, including changes in endothelial function and heart rate variability (HRV). Our findings show that personal noise exposures can confound associations for air pollutants, particularly with HRV, and that impacts of air pollution and noise on HRV occur soon after exposure. Thus, both noise and air pollution have a measurable impact on cardiovascular physiology. Noise should be considered alongside air pollution in future studies to elucidate the combined impacts of these exposures in urban environments.


Interpreting Modernity Book coverInterpreting Modernity:
Essays on the Work of Charles Taylor

Edited by Daniel M. Weinstock, Jacob T. Levy and Jocelyn Maclure
Published by McGill University Press
ISBN 9780228001447
October 2020

Abstract

There are few philosophical questions to which Charles Taylor has not devoted his attention. His work has made powerful contributions to our understanding of action, language, and mind. He has had a lasting impact on our understanding of the way in which the social sciences should be practised, taking an interpretive stance in opposition to dominant positivist methodologies. Taylor's powerful critiques of atomist versions of liberalism have redefined the agenda of political philosophers. He has produced prodigious intellectual histories aiming to excavate the origins of the way in which we have construed the modern self, and of the complex intellectual and spiritual trajectories that have culminated in modern secularism. Despite the apparent diversity of Taylor's work, it is driven by a unified vision. Throughout his writings, Taylor opposes reductive conceptions of the human and of human societies that empiricist and positivist thinkers from David Hume to B.F. Skinner believed would lend rigour to the human sciences. In their place, Taylor has articulated a vision of humans as interpretive beings who can be understood neither individually nor collectively without reference to the fundamental goods and values through which they make sense of their lives. The contributors to this volume, all distinguished philosophers and social theorists in their own right, offer critical assessments of Taylor's writings. Taken together, they provide the reader with an unrivalled perspective on the full extent of Charles Taylor's contribution to modern philosophy.


Frank J. Elgar, Anna Stefaniak, Michael J.A. Wohl

The trouble with trust: Time-series analysis of social capital, income inequality, and COVID-19 deaths in 84 countries

Social Science & Medicine, Volume 263, Oct 2020, 113365, ISSN 0277-9536,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113365.
McGill Dept. of Psychiatry News

Abstract
Can social contextual factors explain international differences in the spread of COVID-19? It is widely assumed that social cohesion, public confidence in government sources of health information and general concern for the welfare of others support health advisories during a pandemic and save lives. We tested this assumption through a time-series analysis of cross-national differences in COVID-19 mortality during an early phase of the pandemic. Country data on income inequality and four dimensions of social capital (trust, group affiliations, civic responsibility and confidence in public institutions) were linked to data on COVID-19 deaths in 84 countries. Associations with deaths were examined using Poisson regression with population-averaged estimators. During a 30-day period after recording their tenth death, mortality was positively related to income inequality, trust and group affiliations and negatively related to social capital from civic engagement and confidence in state institutions. These associations held in bivariate and mutually controlled regression models with controls for population size, age and wealth. The results indicate that societies that are more economically unequal and lack capacity in some dimensions of social capital experienced more COVID-19 deaths. Social trust and belonging to groups were associated with more deaths, possibly due to behavioural contagion and incongruence with physical distancing policy. Some countries require a more robust public health response to contain the spread and impact of COVID-19 due to economic and social divisions within them.


Arijit Nandi and Erin Bresnahan were interviewed by Gonzalo Moreno of the Montreal Gazette in the article:

Opinion: Paid sick leave is a powerful public health tool

As a result of Canada’s patchwork system, fewer than half of Canadian workers currently have access to paid sick days. That should change.

Published on September 25th, 2020.


Mylène Riva co-authored an article in the Canadian Journal of Public Health:

Schiff, R., Buccieri, K., Schiff, J.W. et al.

COVID-19 and pandemic planning in the context of rural and remote homelessness

Can J Public Health. 2020 Sep 24;1-4.
https://doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00415-1


Johri M, Chandra D, Kone KG, Sylvestre MP, Mathur AK, Harper S, Nandi A

Social and Behavior Change Communication Interventions Delivered Face-to-Face and by a Mobile Phone to Strengthen Vaccination Uptake and Improve Child Health in Rural India: Randomized Pilot Study

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2020;8(9):e20356
DOI: 10.2196/20356 PMID: 32955455 PMCID: 7546625
Published September 21, 2020


Arijit Nandi co-authored an article in the Journal of Social Policy:

Jahagirdar D, Dimitris M, Strumpf E, et al.

Balancing Work and Care: the Effect of Paid Adult Medical Leave Policies on Employment in Europe.

Journal of Social Policy, 2020, pp. 1–17.
doi:10.1017/S0047279420000264.
Published September 20, 2020


Ma, R.; Fu, Y.; Deng, M.; Ding, X.; Baumgartner, J.; Shan, M.; Yang, X.

Measurement of Personal Experienced Temperature Variations in Rural Households Using Wearable Monitors: A Pilot Study

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6761;
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186761
Published September 16, 2020


Congratulations to the IHSP's faculty member, David Wright, who is one of ten McGill researchers honoured by the Royal Society of Canada. Read More!


Congratulations to Gilla Shapiro, a former IHSP GAP intern, who has been awarded the Alice Wilson Award (CIHR)! Read more HERE!


ISQOLS Webinar Flyer for Chris Barrington-Leigh's talkIf you missed Wellbeing, sustainability, and progress: what's needed to help governments be accountable to human experience with Chris Barrington-Leigh, you can view it HERE!


Bilsback, K.R., Baumgartner, J., Cheeseman, M., Ford, B., Kodros, J.K., Li, X., Ramnarine, E., Tao, S., Zhang, Y., Carter, E. and Pierce, J.R.

Estimated Aerosol Health and Radiative Effects of the Residential Coal Ban in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region of China

Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 2020; 20 (11): 2332–2346.
https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2019.11.0565
Published September 4, 2020


Maduro, A., Elgar, F., Demchenko, I. et al.

Methodological restrictions within a birth cohort study examining maternal mood symptoms and postpartum depression

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2020; 55(11), 1547–1548.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-020-01925-6
Epub September 1, 2020


Daniel Weinstock

A Harm Reduction Approach to the Ethical Management of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Public Health Ethics, phaa026,
https://doi.org/10.1093/phe/phaa026
Published: 30 August 2020


Jill Baumgartner co-authored an article in BMJ Open

Clark SN, Alli AS, Brauer M, et al.

High-resolution spatiotemporal measurement of air and environmental noise pollution in Sub-Saharan African cities: Pathways to Equitable Health Cities Study protocol for Accra, Ghana

BMJ Open. 2020;10(8):e035798.
Published 2020 Aug 20.
doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-035798


Nandi A, Agarwal P, Chandrashekar A, Harper S

Access to affordable daycare and women’s economic opportunities: evidence from a cluster-randomised intervention in India

Journal of Development Effectiveness. 2020; 12(9):1-21
DOI: 10.1080/19439342.2020.1773898
Published August 13, 2020


Language Ethics book coverLanguage Ethics

Edited by Yael Peled and Daniel M. Weinstock
Published by McGill University Press
ISBN 9780228001591
August 2020

 


Nazif-Munoz JI, Puello A, Williams A, Nandi A.

Can a new emergency response system reduce traffic fatalities? The case of the 911-emergency response system in the Dominican Republic

Accident; Analysis and Prevention. 2020 Aug;143:105513.
DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2020.105513


Smith‐Greenaway, E., Koski, A. and Clark, S.

Women's Marital Experiences Following Premarital Fertility in Sub‐Saharan Africa

J. Marriage Fam. First Published 27 July 2020
doi:10.1111/jomf.12704


Ravitsky V, Weinstock D.

Are Immunity Licenses Just?

Am J Bioeth. 2020 Jul;20(7):172-174.
doi: 10.1080/15265161.2020.1779408. PMID: 32716785.
Published online July 27th, 2020


Jill Baumgartner co-authored an article in the Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology

Loo, R.L., Lu, Q., Carter, E.M. et al.

A feasibility study of metabolic phenotyping of dried blood spot specimens in rural Chinese women exposed to household air pollution

J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol (2020).
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41370-020-0252-0
Published July 24, 2020


Christopher Barrington-Leigh co-authored an article in People and Nature (July 23, 2020)

Chan K.M.A. et al.

Levers and leverage points for pathways to sustainability

People and Nature. 2020;2:693-717
https://doi.org/10.1002/pan3.10124


Jonas-Sébastien Beaudry contributed to the book

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and DisabilityThe Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Disability

Edited by Adam Cureton and David T. Wasserman
Published by Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780190622879

Part One -  Concepts, Models, and Perspectives of Disability
Chapter One - Theoretical Strategies to Define Disability


IHSP Blog Launch Announcement and ScheduleOn July 13th, 2020 the IHSP will launch its new blog entitled, Learning from COVID: Perspectives on health & social policy - COVID and beyond. It is a space for weekly commentaries on health, social, ethical, legal and environmental policy responses to the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond. Our first post is CHSLDs in Court: Thoughts on Government’s and Managers’ Liability by Lara Khoury, Associate Professor and Co-Convenor of the McGill Research Group on Health and Law, Faculty of Law, and Associate Member of the IHSP and BMEU (McGill).

Blogs will be posted weekly on Mondays at https://blogs.mcgill.ca/learning-from-covid/.

Please click the following link to view the full-sized Launch Announcement or to see the Blog Summer Schedule.


Life satisfaction and sustainability: a policy framework

by Christopher P. Barrington-Leigh

Jan 2020; Revised July 2020


Kristin Voigt

Relational Egalitarianism

Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics
https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.013.1387
Published online June 30th, 2020


June 16, 2020 - article by Christopher Maskell, Communications Officer, Healthy Brains, Healthy Lives

Young brains on cannabis: Making science accessible

New website offers a layperson's guide to neuroscience studies on cannabis and the developing brain.

Read the McGill Reporter article HERE!


Richardson, R., Nandi, A., Jaswal, S. et al.

The effect of intimate partner violence on women’s mental distress: a prospective cohort study of 3010 rural Indian women

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 55, 71–79 (2020).
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-019-01735-5
Published June 8th, 2020


Hansen CB, Larsen CVL, Bjerregaard P, Riva M.

The effect of household crowding and composition on health in an Inuit cohort in Greenland

Scand J Public Health. 2020 Jun 7;1403494820929496.
doi: 10.1177/1403494820929496.


Frank Elgar co-authored an article in the Journal of Adolescent Health

Dierckens M, Weinberg D, Huang Y, et al.

National-Level Wealth Inequality and Socioeconomic Inequality in Adolescent Mental Well-Being: A Time Series Analysis of 17 Countries

Journal of Adolescent Health. 66(6). S21-S28. June 01, 2020

DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.03.009


Frank Elgar co-authored an article in the Journal of Adolescent Health

Gariepy G, Dannna S, Gobina I, et al.

How Are Adolescents Sleeping? Adolescent Sleep Patterns and Sociodemographic Differences in 24 European and North American Countries

Journal of Adolescent Health. 66(6). S81-S88. June 01, 2020
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.03.013


Frank Elgar co-authored an article in the Journal of Adolescent Health

Craig W, Boniel-Nissim M, King N, et al.

Social Media Use and Cyber-Bullying: A Cross-National Analysis of Young People in 42 Countries

Journal of Adolescent Health. 66(6). S100-S2108. June 01, 2020
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.03.006


Baron M, Fletcher C, Riva M

Aging, Health and Place from the Perspective of Elders in an Inuit Community

J Cross Cult Gerontol. 2020 Jun;35(2):133-153.
doi: 10.1007/s10823-020-09398-5.


Arsenault C, Harper S, Nandi A

Effect of vaccination on children’s learning achievements: findings from the India Human Development Survey

J Epidemiol Community Health 2020 (June);74:778-784.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2019-213483


McGill University's Law School and the McGill University Faculty of Arts are delighted to announce that Professor Daniel Weinstock has been appointed to the Katharine A. Pearson Chair in civil society and public policy, effective June 1, 2020.
https://www.mcgill.ca/law/channels/news/daniel-weinstock-pearson-chair-322537?fbclid=IwAR15-pdMIk8OgvgDOHBVgLgdD6pVHcXjzSVhmCuqPcL7Qj4o3lX9-BLOUSg


Announcement text on a clickable imageJune 1, 2020 - Funded by the Healthy Brains, Healthy Lives initiative, a team of researchers based at the Departments of Psychiatry and Philosophy, Institute for Health & Social Policy and the Montreal Neurological Institute have launched https://www.cannabisbrainhub.org/. Led by Dr. Suparna Choudhury, the Cannabis & Adolescent Brain Development (CABD) website will post summaries of the latest published research on cannabis and the adolescent brain to help policy-makers, journalists, educators and parents engage directly with neuroscience. The website aims to increase neuroscience literacy and translation of neuroscience to policy by presenting critical, accessible research digests which pay attention to methodologies, context, analyses and interpretations.
Please click the link to view the full-sized Launch Announcement!


The work of Christopher-Barrington Leigh was discussed in an article in Wired:

Want to Fix Urban Sprawl? Ditch the Cul-de-Sac

Streets arranged in grids, with few dead-ends, encourage walking and transit. But in developing countries, growing cities are taking the opposite route.

by Flavie Halais on May 31st, 2020.


Lara Khoury Alana Klein M-E Couture  May 21, 2020 Webinar on Power, people and the pandemic: the legal sides of COVID-19 with speakers: Lara Khoury, Associate Member of the Institute for Health and Social Policy, Associate Professor at the McGill Faculty of Law and the co-convener of the McGill Research Group on Health and Law; Alana Klein, Associate Member of the Institute for Health and Social Policy, Associate Professor at the McGill Faculty of Law and co-convener of the McGill Research Group on Health and Law; and Marie-Eve Couture Ménard, Associate Professor at Faculty of Law of Université de Sherbrooke and affiliated with the Centre de recherche sur la régulation et le droit de la gouvernance (CrRDG).

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=434&v=72-VIUmSLj4&feature=emb_title


Arijit Nandi co-authored an article in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health:

Nazif-Muñoz JI, Batomen B, Oulhote Y, et al

State or market? How to effectively decrease alcohol-related crash fatalities and injuries

J Epidemiol Community Health. 2020; 74(6):502-509.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2019-213191
Published online on May 10, 2020


Riva M, Perreault K, Dufresne P, et al.

Social housing construction and improvements in housing outcomes for Inuit in Northern Canada

Housing Studies. 2020 May 4.
DOI: 10.1080/02673037.2020.1739233


Christopher Barrington-LeighMay 4, 2020 Blog post in Psychology Today on Happiness and the CoVid Pandemic by economist Chris Barrington-Leigh, Associate Professor jointly appointed by McGill's Institute for Health and Social Policy and the School of Environment.

https://www.psychologytoday.com/ca/blog/the-economics-happiness/202005/happiness-and-the-covid-pandemic


Daniel WeinstockProfessor Daniel Weinstock was interviewed by Neale McDevitt of the McGill Reporter on April 28th, 2020 about ethics, social distancing and reopening elementary schools. Read the interview.

April 20, 2020 Webinar on High Compliance Policies and their Pitfalls by Daniel Weinstock, IHSP Director and Professor in the McGill Faculty of Law:
https://www.mcgill.ca/maxbellschool/article/policy-challenges-during-pandemic-video/video-high-compliance-policies-and-their-pitfalls

April 19, 2020 Philodio interview with Daniel Weinstock, IHSP Director and Professor in the McGill Faculty of Law
https://soundcloud.com/philodio-philosophiques/entrevue-avec-daniel-weinstock


Chai Y, Nandi A, Heymann J

Association of increased duration of legislated paid maternity leave with childhood diarrhoea prevalence in low-income and middle-income countries: difference-in-differences analysis

J Epidemiol Community Health 2020;74:437-444.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2019-212127
Published April 15, 2020


Hendriks, A., Bartels, M., Stevens, G., Walsh, S., Torsheim, T., Elgar, F., & Finkenauer, C.

National Child and Adolescent Health Policies as Indicators of Adolescent Mental Health: A Multilevel Analysis of 30 European Countries

The Journal of Early Adolescence, 40 (April 2020), 537 - 565.
DOI:10.1177/0272431619858413 Corpus ID: 198704825


The work of Christopher Barrington-Leigh was discussed in an article in Axios:

Why city planners are killing the cul-de-sac

by Kim Hart on March 4th, 2020.


Zaman M, Koski A

Child marriage in Canada: A systematic review

PLoS One. 2020; 15(3): e0229676.
Published online 2020 Mar 3.
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0229676


Roman L. G., del Pieve Govvi R., Beaudry JS, Blackbridge P.

Rippling excesses: A/r/tography becoming dis/a/r/tography

International Journal of Education Through Art, Volume 16, Number 1, 1 March 2020, pp. 63-82(20)
https://doi.org/10.1386/eta_00017_1


Jill Baumgartner co-authored an article in Indoor Air

Lai, AM, Clark, S, Carter, E, et al.

Impacts of stove/fuel use and outdoor air pollution on chemical composition of household particulate matter

Indoor Air. 2020; 30: 294– 305.
https://doi.org/10.1111/ina.12636
Published online February 26, 2020


The work of Christopher Barrington-Leigh was discussed in an article in Master Geonum:

L’étalement urbain, en OSMose avec l’anthropocène

by Pierre Niogret on February 26, 2020.


The work of Christopher Barrington-Leigh was discussed in an article in IndiaSpend:

India’s Disconnected Urban Roads Lead To Longer Commutes, Higher Emissions

by Jameela Ahmed on February 25th, 2020.


Baumgartner, J., Brauer, M. & Ezzati, M.

The role of cities in reducing the cardiovascular impacts of environmental pollution in low- and middle-income countries

BMC Med 18, 39 (2020).
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-020-1499-y
Published February 24, 2020


The work of Christopher Barrington-Leigh was discussed in the following article in Scientific American:

Reducing Street Sprawl Could Help Combat Climate Change

Building more disconnected thoroughfares might lock cities into a dependence on greenhouse-gas emitting cars

by Jen Monnier on February 12, 2020


The work of Christopher Barrington-Leigh was discussed in the following article in Archinect:

Urban street-network sprawl is trending globally, new study finds

by Alexander Walter on February 11, 2020.


The work of Christopher Barrington-Leigh was discussed in the following article in City Lab:

Across the Globe, Urban Sprawl Is Spreading

Satellite images dating back to 1975 allow researchers to map how millions of cul-de-sacs and dead-ends have proliferated in street networks worldwide.

by Laura Bliss on February 5, 2020.


The work of Christopher Barrington-Leigh was discussed in the following article in Mercury News:

Urban sprawl is on the rise, but not in the Bay Area

A global study of urban sprawl shows mixed results in the Bay

by Jerimiah Oetting on February 3rd, 2020.


Elgar FJ, Gariepy G.

42. Early-Life Income Inequality and Adolescent Mental Health and Bullying

Journal of Adolescent Health. Research Poster Symposia: Food & Housing Insecurity. 66(2). S23
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2019.11.045
February 01, 2020
PDF icon sahm_poster_2020.pdf


MacNeil, Allison & Dirks, Melanie & Elgar, Frank.

45. Food Insecurity and Adolescent Mental Health in 156 Countries

 Journal of Adolescent Health. 66(2). S24-S25.
10.1016/j.jadohealth.2019.11.048.
February 01, 2020


Riva M, Fletcher C, Dufresne P, et al.

Relocating to a new or pre-existing social housing unit: significant health improvements for Inuit adults in Nunavik and Nunavut

Can J Public Health. 2020 Feb;111(1):21-30.
https://doi.org/10.17269/s41997-019-00249-6


Karine Perreault & Mylène Riva & Philippe Dufresne & Christopher Fletcher

Overcrowding and sense of home in the Canadian Arctic

Housing Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals. 2020; 35(2): 353-375, February.
DOI: 10.1080/02673037.2019.1602720


Barrington-Leigh C., Millard-Ball A.

Global trends toward urban street-network sprawl

PNAS. 2020; 117(4):1941-1950
https://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/117/4/1941.full.pdf
Published January 28th, 2020


The work of Christopher Barrington-Leigh was mentioned in an article in Radio-Canada:

De moins en moins de routes connectées sur la planète

Une tendance qui décourage l'utilisation des transports en commun.

by Alain Labelle on January 27, 2020.


Cooper JE, Benmarhnia T, Koski A, King NB.

Cash transfer programs have differential effects on health: A review of the literature from low and middle-income countries.

Soc Sci Med. 2020 Jan 25;247:112806.
doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.112806.
Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32086171.


The work of Christopher Barrington-Leigh was discussed on CBCListenLet's Go with Sabrina Marandola on January 22, 2020.


The work of Christopher Barrington-Leigh was discussed in the following article in La Presse:

L’avenir inquiétant de l’étalement urbain

L’étalement urbain nuit au transport en commun à très long terme, selon une nouvelle étude montréalaise. Les villes qui poussent comme des champignons en Inde, en Amérique du Sud et en Afrique ont des rues où introduire des lignes d’autobus sera très difficile.

by Mathieu Perreault on January 17th, 2020.


Jill Baumgartner co-authored an article in Energy and Buildings

Ma, Rongjiang et al.

Diverse heating demands of a household based on occupant control behavior of individual heating equipment

Energy and Buildings 207 (2020): 109612. January 15, 2020
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.109612


Maurice A, Lavoie M, Hamel D, and Riva M

Adoption of municipal bylaw legislating mandatory helmet use for cyclists under the age of 18: impact on cycling and helmet use

Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can. 2020 Jan;40(1):11-17.
doi: 10.24095/hpcdp.40.1.02.


Jill Baumgartner co-authored an article in Nature Sustainability

Carter, E., Yan, L., Fu, Y. et al.

Household transitions to clean energy in a multiprovincial cohort study in China

Nat Sustain 3, 42–50 (2020).
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-019-0432-x


King NB, Koski A

Defining global health as public health somewhere else

BMJ Global Health 2020;5:e002172.
doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2019-002172


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