Comparative Law News

NOTICE - Second ESCLH Poster Competition funded by Springer

Please find the following notice regarding the 5th Biennal Conference of the ESCLH (Paris, 28-30 June 2018) below: The European Society for Comparative Legal History (ESCHL) is pleased to announce the Second ESCLH Poster Competition, for a second year generously sponsored bySpringer International Publishing AG. The ESCLH invites PhD-students to present their research in the field of comparative legal history in form of a poster. The idea is to communicate the core of your research visually through a DIN A1-poster. The competition will be part of the ESCLH 5th Biennal Conference in Paris from 28 June to 30 June 2018.Participants must submit their poster together with a CV and an abstract of their research before 3pm, Thursday 28 June 2018, when registering for the conference. Each participant will  present his or her poster on Friday 29 June 2018. The best poster will be selected by a prize committee. The prize will be awarded in the plenary session on Saturday 30 June 2018.The winner will receive a prize money of 200 Euro from Springer.If there are any remaining questions concerning the prize, please
Categories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: Basilica Online - Justinian's Corpus Iuris in the Byzantine world

(Source: Brill)
Brill has just announced that its new database “Basilica Online: Justinian's Corpus Iuris in the Byzantine World” is now available for trials. All information can be found on Brill’s website.
Basilica Online is a fully-searchable online edition of the 17 volumes of the Basilica text and its scholia, as edited between 1945 and 1988 by H.J. Scheltema, D. Holwerda, and N. van der Wal. TheBasilica is the single-most important source for Byzantine law throughout the period of the Byzantine empire, and is a major source for Byzantine studies more broadly. 
Added Features and Benefits 
- Most recent and accurate edition of the Basilica text and its scholia.
- Fully searchable in both Latin and Greek.
- All critical apparatus of the edition included.
- Browsing and navigation functionalities at volume (volumen), book (liber) or chapter (titulus) level.
- Full academic introduction written specifically for the online edition by Professor Dr B. H. Stolte.
- Comprehensive and up-to-date bibliography compiled by Dr T. E. van Bochove.
- Collective index to the text and scholia.

Researchers with interests in Byzantine law, Byzantine society, medieval legal history, Roman law and its afterlives, and medieval Greek language.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Julia MOSES, ed., Marriage, Law and Modernity : Global Histories (New York: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2017). ISBN 9781474276108, $102.60.

(Source: Bloomsbury)
Bloomsbury has recently published a new book on the modern history of marriage in a global perspective. Several articles deal with legal historical aspects of marriage law.
Marriage, Law and Modernity offers a global perspective on the modern history of marriage. Widespread recent debate has focused on the changing nature of families, characterized by both the rise of unmarried cohabitation and the legalization of same-sex marriage. However, historical understanding of these developments remains limited. How has marriage come to be the target of national legislation? Are recent policies on same-sex marriage part of a broader transformation? And, has marriage come to be similar across the globe despite claims about national, cultural and religious difference?

This collection brings together scholars from across the world in order to offer a global perspective on the history of marriage. It unites legal, political and social history, and seeks to draw out commonalities and differences by exploring connections through empire, international law and international migration.
Introduction: Making Marriage 'Modern', Julia Moses (University of Sheffield, UK)
Part I: Marriage and Forms of the Family
1. From Liberalism to Human Dignity: The Transformation of Marriage and Family Rights in Brazil, 1822-2013, Sueann Caulfield (University of Michigan, USA)
2. From Toleration to Prosecution: Concubinage and the Law in Modern China, Lisa Tran (California State University at Fullerton, USA)
3. The Birth of Mistresses and Bastards: A History of Marriage in Siam (Thailand), Tamara Loos (Cornell University, USA)
4. Royal Marriage in Europe: An Inherently Conservative System, Helen Watanabe-O'Kelly (University of Oxford, UK)
Part II: Marriage, Religion and the State
5. 'Til death do you part': Catholicism, Marriage and Culture War in Austria(-Hungary), Ulrike Harmat (Austrian Academy of Sciences, Austria)
6. Modernizing Marriage in Egypt, Kenneth M. Cuno (University of Illinois, USA)
7. 'A Babel of Law': Hindu Marriage, Global Spaces and Intimate Subjects in Late Nineteenth-Century India, Leigh Denault (University of Cambridge, UK)
8. English Exports: Invoking the Common Law of Marriage across the Empire in the Nineteenth Century, Rebecca Probert (University of Warwick, UK)
Part III: Marriage, Kinship and Community
9. Finding the Ordinary in the Extraordinary: Marriage Norms and Bigamy in Canada, Mélanie Méthot (University of Alberta, Augustana Campus, Canada)
10. Equality before the Law? The Intermarriage Debate in Post-Nazi Germany, Julia Woesthoff (DePaul University, USA)
11. Customary and Civil Marriage Law and the Question of Gender Equality in Twentieth and Twenty-First-Century Gabon and Africa, Rachel Jean-Baptiste (University of California at Davis, USA)
Postscript: How History Matters in Same-Sex Marriage Rights, Nancy F. Cott (Harvard University, USA)
More information on the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Mark GOODALE, ed., Letters to the Contrary : A Curated History of the UNESCO Human Rights Survey (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781503605343, $27.95.

(Source: Stanford University Press)
Stanford University Press has recently published a book on the history of the UNESCO Human Rights Survey of 1947-1948 and its subsequent influence on human rights.
Since its adoption in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) has served as the foundation for the protection of human rights around the world. Historians and human rights scholars have claimed that the UDHR was influenced by UNESCO's 1947–48 global survey of intellectuals, theologians, and cultural and political leaders, a survey that supposedly revealed a truly universal consensus on human rights. This book provides a curated history of the UNESCO human rights survey and demonstrates its relevance to contemporary debates over the origins, legitimacy, and universality of human rights.
Based on meticulous archival research, Letters to the Contrary revises and enlarges the conventional understanding of UNESCO's human rights survey. Mark Goodale's extensive archival research uncovers a historical record filled with letters and responses that were omitted, polite refusals to respond, and outright rejections of the universal human rights ideal. This volume collects these neglected survey responses, including letters by T. S. Eliot, Mahatma Gandhi, W. H. Auden, and other important artists and thinkers.
In collecting, annotating, and analyzing these responses, Goodale reveals an alternative history that is deeply connected to the ongoing life of human rights in the twenty-first century. This history demonstrates that the UNESCO human rights survey was much less than supposed, but also much more. In many ways, the intellectual struggles, moral questions, and ideological doubts among the different participants who both organized and responded to the survey reveal a strikingly critical and contemporary orientation, raising similar questions at the center of current debates surrounding human rights scholarship and practice.
This volume contains letters and survey responses from Jacques Havet, Jacques Maritain, Arnold J. Lien, Richard P. Mckeon, Quincy Wright, Levi Carneiro, Arthur H. Compton, Charles E. Merriam, Lewis Mumford, E. H. Carr, John Lewis, Harold J. Laski, Serge Hessen, John Somerville, Boris Tchechko, Luc Somerhausen, Hyman Levy, Ture Nerman, R. Palme Dutt, Maurice Dobb, Pierre Teilhard De Chardin, Marcel De Corte, Pedro Troncoso Sánchez, Mahatma Gandhi, Chung-Shu Lo, Kurt Riezler, Inocenc Arnošt Bláha, Hubert Frère, M. Nicolay, W. Albert Noyes, Jr., Aldous Huxley, Ralph W. Gerard, Johannes M. Burgers, Humayun Kabir, A. P. Elkin, S. V. Puntambekar, Leonard Barnes, Benedetto Croce, Jean Haesart, F. S. C. Northrop, Peter Skov, Emmanuel Mounier, Maurice Webb, John Macmurray, Julius Moór, L. Horváth, Alfred Weber, Don Salvador De Madariaga, Frank R. Scott, Jawaharlal Nehru, Margery Fry, Isaac Leon Kandel, René Maheu, Albert Szent-Györgyi, Morris L. Ernst, Arnold Schoenberg, W. H. Auden, Melville Herskovits, Theodore Johannes Haarhoff, Ernest Henry Burgmann, Herbert Read, and T. S. Eliot.
Mark Goodale is Professor of Cultural and Social Anthropology at the University of Lausanne and Series Editor of Stanford Studies in Human Rights. The author or editor of 12 other volumes, his most recent book is Anthropology and Law: A Critical Introduction (2017).
History: UNESCO in the Paradigmatic TransitionInterpretations: From a "Hollow Sham" to a "Plurality of Cultural Values"Memorandum and Questionnaire Circulated by UNESCO on the Theoretical Bases of the Rights of ManThe Grounds of an International Declaration of Human RightsForeword and Introduction to Human Rights, Comments and Interpretations, UNESCO 1949Liberalism from the AshesBeyond Egotistic Man: Communist, Socialist, and Social Democratic ChallengesRights in a Sacred UniverseThe Universal Declaration of Human DutiesThe Technological Society of the FutureUniversal Human Rights in a Colonial WorldHuman Rights as History and PracticeSpecific FreedomsFrom Repudiation to the Play of Fancy
For more information, see the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Fred L. BORCH, Military Trials of War Criminals in the Netherlands East Indies 1946-1949 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017), ISBN 9780198777168, $90.00

(Source: Oxford University Press)
Oxford University Press has recently published a book on the military trials of Japanese war criminals in the Dutch East Indies post-World War II.
From 1946 to 1949, the Dutch prosecuted more than 1000 Japanese soldiers and civilians for war crimes committed during the occupation of the Netherlands East Indies during World War II. They also prosecuted a small number of Dutch citizens for collaborating with their Japanese occupiers. The war crimes committed by the Japanese against military personnel and civilians in the East Indies were horrific, and included mass murder, murder, torture, mistreatment of prisoners of war, and enforced prostitution. Beginning in 1946, the Dutch convened military tribunals in various locations in the East Indies to hear the evidence of these atrocities and imposed sentences ranging from months and years to death; some 25 percent of those convicted were executed for their crimes. The difficulty arising out of gathering evidence and conducting the trials was exacerbated by the on-going guerrilla war between Dutch authorities and Indonesian revolutionaries and in fact the trials ended abruptly in 1949 when 300 years of Dutch colonial rule ended and Indonesia gained its independence.

Until the author began examining and analysing the records of trial from these cases, no English language scholar had published a comprehensive study of these war crimes trials. While the author looks at the war crimes prosecutions of the Japanese in detail this book also breaks new ground in exploring the prosecutions of Dutch citizens alleged to have collaborated with their Japanese occupiers. Anyone with a general interest in World War II and the war in the Pacific, or a specific interest in war crimes and international law, will be interested in this book.
Fred L. Borch, Regimental Historian & Archivist, The Judge Advocate General's Corps, U.S. Army, 

Fred L. Borch is the Regimental Historian and Archivist for the Army's Judge Advocate General's Corps. He served 25 years as an Army lawyer before retiring from active duty and assuming his current position as a military legal historian. Having served as the first Chief Prosecutor for the Guantanamo Bay military commissions (from 2003-2004), he has special interest in the history of war crimes. Mr. Borch is the author of a number of books and hundreds of articles on legal and non-legal topics.
I. Setting the Stage
II. III. Prosecuting the Japanese: The Role of International and Domestic Law in the Establishment of War Crimes Tribunals in the East Indies
IV. Preparing for Trial: Gathering Evidence and Selecting Cases for Prosecution
V. Trials of Prisoner of War and Internee Camp Personnel, and Trials for the Mistreatment of Prisoners of War
VI. Trials for Mass Murder and Unlawful Executions
VII. Trials for Enforced Prostitution
VIII. 'Collective Responsibility:' Prosecuting the Kempeitai, Tokkeitai, and 25th Army
IX. Trials for Violations of the Terms of the Armistice
X. 'Command Responsibility': Prosecutor v. Shoji, Prosecutor v. Maruyama, and Prosecutor v. Imamura & Okazaki
XI. An Unfortunate Sideshow: The Prosecution of Collaborators
XII. Aftermath: Impact of the Trials on the Netherlands and the Netherlands East Indies
More information on the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Dana Y. RABIN, Britain and Its Internal Others, 1750-1800 : Under Rule of Law (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2017), ISBN 9781526120403, £75.00

(Source: Manchester University Press)
Manchester University Press recently published a book dealing with several landmark cases in 18th century British Imperial legal history concerning the presence of “outsiders” in London.
The rule of law, an ideology of equality and universality that justified Britain's eighteenth-century imperial claims, was the product not of abstract principles but imperial contact. As the Empire expanded, encompassing greater religious, ethnic and racial diversity, the law paradoxically contained and maintained these very differences. 
This book revisits six notorious incidents that occasioned vigorous debate in London's courtrooms, streets and presses: the Jewish Naturalization Act and the Elizabeth Canning case (1753-54); the Somerset Case (1771-72); the Gordon Riots (1780); the mutinies of 1797; and Union with Ireland (1800). Each of these cases adjudicated the presence of outsiders in London - from Jews and Gypsies to Africans and Catholics. The demands of these internal others to equality before the law drew them into the legal system, challenging longstanding notions of English identity and exposing contradictions in the rule of law.
Dana Y. Rabin is Associate Professor of History at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Introduction: Empire and law, 'Firmly united by the circle of the British diadem'
1 Internal others: Jews, Gypsies, and Jacobites
2 'In a country of liberty?': slavery, villeinage and the making of whiteness in the Somerset case (1772)
3 Imperial disruptions: City, nation, and empire in the Gordon Riots
4 'This fleet is not yet republican': Conceptions of law in the mutinies of 1797
5 Wedding and Bedding: making the Union with Ireland, 1800
Select bibliography
More information on the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

JOB: PhD position in Legal History, Vrije Universiteit

Full details found at

The main task of the PhD-student will be to conduct investigations within the research project The Impact of Canon and Roman Law in Frisia: Continuity or Discontinuity?, resulting in a PhD thesis. It will include a limited amount of undergraduate lecturing. For the performance of these tasks teaching modules will be applied.

The research is aimed at the reception of canon law and Roman law in the medieval Frisian law of the 15th century. In the Middle Ages Frisia had an autonomous tradition of indigenous law, characterized by a strong continuity. From the beginning of the 12th century Frisian monks set off for the newly established universities of Paris and Bologna to study law. From around 1400 the influence of learned law increased considerably. A text tradition emerged, that of the Excerpta Legum or Jurisprudentia Frisica, which fused together elements of indigenous Frisian law and learned law. The investigations of the PhD student will focus on this text tradition. How did this tradition come into being? Which were the sources used? Which concepts were problematic in the dialectical encounter of indigenous and learned law? To what extent was this tradition determinative for legal practice?


• A Master Degree in Law and/or History;
• Demonstrable affinity with legal historical research;
• Sound knowledge of Latin;
• Knowledge of Old Frisian or willingness to amess this knowledge within the first year of appointment;
• Capability of reading secondary literature in Dutch;
• Readiness to perform part of the investigations at the Fryske Akademy in Leeuwarden;
• Demonstrable good writing skills;
• Good analytical skills.

The appointment will be initially for one year. After satisfactory evaluation the appointment can be extended with at most another three years. You can find information about our excellent fringe benefits of employment at like:

• remuneration of 8,3% end-of-year bonus and 8% holiday allowance;
• a maximum of 41 holidays, in the case of full-time employment;
• a wide range of sports facilities which staff may use at a modest charge.

The salary will be in accordance with VU University regulations for academic personnel and amounts € 2.222,- gross per month in the first year up to € 2.840,- in the fourth year, based on a full-time employment.

Additional information

For more information please contact Professor Jan Hallebeek, tel. + 31 20 598 6324, email

You are requested to write a letter in which you describe your abilities and motivation, accompanied by your curriculum vitae and an academic transcript (list of grades) from your BA and MA. Applications should be sent via e-mail before May 3, 2018 by e-mail to Vrije Universiteit, Faculty of Law, M.J.J. van Raaphorst, operational manager, De Boelelaan 1105, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Please record the vacancy number in the email header.

Any other correspondence in response to this advertisement will not be dealt with.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Samuel MOYN, Not Enough : Human Rights in an Unequal World (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780674737563, €27.00

(Source: Harvard University Press)
Next week, Harvard University Press is due to publish a new book on the history of human rights and inequality.
The age of human rights has been kindest to the rich. Even as state violations of political rights garnered unprecedented attention due to human rights campaigns, a commitment to material equality disappeared. In its place, market fundamentalism has emerged as the dominant force in national and global economies. In this provocative book, Samuel Moyn analyzes how and why we chose to make human rights our highest ideals while simultaneously neglecting the demands of a broader social and economic justice.
In a pioneering history of rights stretching back to the Bible, Not Enough charts how twentieth-century welfare states, concerned about both abject poverty and soaring wealth, resolved to fulfill their citizens’ most basic needs without forgetting to contain how much the rich could tower over the rest. In the wake of two world wars and the collapse of empires, new states tried to take welfare beyond its original European and American homelands and went so far as to challenge inequality on a global scale. But their plans were foiled as a neoliberal faith in markets triumphed instead.
Moyn places the career of the human rights movement in relation to this disturbing shift from the egalitarian politics of yesterday to the neoliberal globalization of today. Exploring why the rise of human rights has occurred alongside enduring and exploding inequality, and why activists came to seek remedies for indigence without challenging wealth, Not Enough calls for more ambitious ideals and movements to achieve a humane and equitable world.
Samuel Moyn is Professor of Law and Professor of History at Yale University. His interests range widely over international law, human rights, the laws of war, and legal thought in both historical and contemporary perspective. He has published several books and writes in venues such as Boston ReviewChronicle of Higher EducationDissentThe NationNew RepublicNew York Times, and Wall Street Journal.
PrefaceIntroduction1. Jacobin Legacy: The Origins of Social Justice2. National Welfare and the Universal Declaration3. FDR’s Second Bill4. Globalizing Welfare after Empire5. Basic Needs and Human Rights6. Global Ethics from Equality to Subsistence7. Human Rights in the Neoliberal MaelstromConclusion: Croesus’s WorldNotesAcknowledgmentsIndex
More information on the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Amanda L. TYLER, Habeas Corpus in Wartime (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017). ISBN 9780199856664, $85.00

(Source: Oxford University Press)
Oxford University Press recently published a book on the legal history of Habeas Corpus during wartime in the Anglo-American legal tradition.
Habeas Corpus in Wartime unearths and presents a comprehensive account of the legal and political history of habeas corpus in wartime in the Anglo-American legal tradition. The book begins by tracing the origins of the habeas privilege in English law, giving special attention to the English Habeas Corpus Act of 1679, which limited the scope of executive detention and used the machinery of the English courts to enforce its terms. It also explores the circumstances that led Parliament to invent the concept of suspension as a tool for setting aside the protections of the Habeas Corpus Act in wartime. Turning to the United States, the book highlights how the English suspension framework greatly influenced the development of early American habeas law before and after the American Revolution and during the Founding period, when the United States Constitution enshrined a habeas privilege in its Suspension Clause. The book then chronicles the story of the habeas privilege and suspension over the course of American history, giving special attention to the Civil War period. The final chapters explore how the challenges posed by modern warfare during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries have placed great strain on the previously well-settled understanding of the role of the habeas privilege and suspension in American constitutional law, particularly during World War II when the United States government detained tens of thousands of Japanese American citizens and later during the War on Terror. Throughout, the book draws upon a wealth of original and heretofore untapped historical resources to shed light on the purpose and role of the Suspension Clause in the United States Constitution, revealing all along that many of the questions that arise today regarding the scope of executive power to arrest and detain in wartime are not new ones.
Amanda L. Tyler is a Professor of Law at the University of California, Berkeley School of Law, where she teaches and writes about the federal courts, the Supreme Court, constitutional law, legal history, and civil procedure. Professor Tyler's scholarship has been published in leading law journals, including the Harvard Law Review, the Yale Law Journal, and the Stanford Law Review. She also serves as a co-editor of Hart and Wechsler's The Federal Courts and the Federal System. Professor Tyler is a graduate of Stanford University and Harvard Law School. Following law school, she served as law clerk to the Honorable Guido Calabresi at the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and the Honorable Ruth Bader Ginsburg at the Supreme Court of the United States. She has run eight Boston marathons.


Part I: Origins: The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus and Suspension in English Law

Chapter 1: The Making of the Privilege

Chapter 2: Suspension: Legislating an Emergency Power

Chapter 3: Rebellion and Treason

Part II: Incorporating the Privilege and Suspension into American Law

Chapter 4: Forging a New Allegiance

Chapter 5: Enshrining a Constitutional Privilege

Chapter 6: The Suspension Clause in the Early Republic

Part III: Suspension

Chapter 7: Civil War and the "Great Suspender"

Chapter 8: Liberty in the Shadow Constitution: Suspension and the Confederacy

Chapter 9: Reconstructing the Union and Suspending in the Name of Civil Rights

Part IV: The Forgotten Suspension Clause

Chapter 10: World War II: Suspension and Martial Law in Hawaii and Mass Detention of Japanese Americans on the Mainland

Chapter 11: Habeas Corpus Today: Confronting the Age of Terrorism



IndexMore information on the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: International Conference: 'Risk and the Insurance Business in History' - Session 5: New Approaches to the History of Insurance Law (Seville, 11-14 June 2019) (Deadline 30 June 2018)

(Source: Risk and the Insurance Business)
We have received the following Call for Papers: 

CALL FOR PAPERS: Risk and the Insurance Business in HistoryAn International Conference, Seville 2019 
The International Conference on Risk and the Insurance Business in History will be held in June 11th to 14th 2019 on the historic city of Seville. 
The Scientific Committee has accepted a set of 23 parallel sessions to shape the program of the conference (please see the complete list in the attached files).
Now we are opening the call for participation in these sessions. Please feel free to consider the most suitable session for your paper. Proposals should include names and affiliations of the author/s; title and abstract. Please note that session organisers have the final decision to accept paper proposals for their sessions. Session organisers are requested to forward to the conference organisers any proposals for papers that they cannot include in their session, so that the conference organisers, with the assistance of the Scientific Committee, have an opportunity of placing the papers elsewhere in the conference if that proves possible. The definite list of accepted papers will be announced in September 30th 2018.
Proposals of sessions should be directed to the organiser/s of the session, with copy to the conference mail
The deadline to send paper proposals is June 30th 2018.
Modern scholars of insurance law refer to insurance as a legal product. In a contract of sale, for example, the parties exchange goods against money. By contrast, in an insurance transaction the parties exchange money against money: the insurer receives the premiums from the policy holder and in turn promises to pay the insured sum when a certain risk eventuates. The right of the insured to the insured sum is determined in the contract, a legal document, and the boundaries of what the parties can agree upon are set by the law. Against this background, it comes as a surprise that research in the history of insurance has been dominated by economic historians and that within the domain of legal history the history of insurance lawhas hitherto played onlya marginal role. And were research into the history of insurance law exists it is (as traditional research in legal history tends to be) confined to the boundaries of a given jurisdiction. As a consequence, different national  narratives  have  developed. The development  of  such national narratives  is  highly problematic. Only recently, legal historians have rediscovered the field of the history of insurance lawas a field of study. However, research into thehistory of insurance law faces a number of challenges. (1) It is an interdisciplinary field of study. Without a firm knowledge of the history of thesocio-economic background and without a thorough understanding of insurance markets an analysis of legal questions is impossible. (2) Nevertheless, legal historians haveto define their research object independently of other disciplines. Lawyers of all times tend to transpose known solutions to new problems. For the understanding where legal rules in insurance law originated from, legal historians, thus, have to look beyond the sphere of insurance. (3) Finally, insurance practice often has not left any traces in the legal discourse, in legislation or in the case law. And where ithas legal historians do not always appreciate that insurance practice may have followed different paths.
The session will have four presentations of 20 minutes each, followed by a discussion. The Organiser invites submissions which challenge, and go beyond, the traditional narratives of insurance legal history without restricting them to any specific field or time frame. Submissions related to, for example, marine insurance, fire insurance, life insurance, guild welfare or state run insurance schemes, to name just some, and covering any legal question will be considered.
For more information, please see the conference's website 
Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: Quadrennial International Congress on the Enlightenment:‘Enlightenment Identities’ [International Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies] (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University, 14-19 Jul 2019) (Deadline 19 FEB 2019)

(image source: Werkgroep 18de eeuw)The International Congress on the Enlightenment is the quadrennial meeting of the International Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies (ISECS) and the world’s largest meeting of specialists on all aspects of the eighteenth century. Recent ISECS congresses have been held in Los Angeles (2003), Montpellier (2007), Graz (2011), and Rotterdam (2015). The 15th ISECS Congress will be held in Edinburgh, Scotland, from Sunday 14 July to Friday 19 July 2019. It is organized by the British Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies (BSECS) and the Eighteenth-Century Scottish Studies Society (ECSSS), and hosted by the University of Edinburgh.Enlightenment Identities
While proposals for papers, panels, and roundtables on any topic relevant to the long eighteenth century are welcome, we particularly invite contributions that address the theme of ‘Enlightenment Identities’. The question of ‘identity’ was much disputed in the eighteenth century, in ways ranging from the local, regional, colonial, national, federal, imperial, to the global. Identities are complex. They are forged by factors ranging from the personal to wider political, military, religious, intellectual, techno-scientific, cultural, ethnic, social, sexual, economic, class/caste, geographical, and historical contexts. The idea of Enlightenment was itself much debated. Given these interlocking complexities, ‘Enlightenment Identities’ constitutes an important theme for an international gathering in the Enlightenment city of Edinburgh, whose eighteenth-century denizens, like Adam Smith, were at once Scottish, British, and ‘citizens of the world’.Call for Papers, Panels, and Roundtables
Proposals are invited for individual papers, preformed panels of three or four papers, and roundtables of between four and six participants. Proposals may be in English or French. The final deadline for submission of papers and panel proposals is Friday 1 February 2019. Submission is through the congress website.More Information
Complete information about the congress, the city and university of Edinburgh, travel and accommodation, proposal submission, registration, the ISECS bursary programme, and all other details, can be found here.

(source: Dutch-Belgian Werkgroep De Achttiende Eeuw)
Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: Workshop Cycle "Teaching Law Outside National Borders" (19th-20th Centuries) [The Making of Legal Knowledge/La fabrique des savoirs juridiques/La fabbrica dei saperi giuridici] (CNRS/Université Lyon III/Université de Bordeaux) ...

APPEL A COMMUNICATIONSArgumentaireDepuis quelques décennies, l’histoire de l’enseignement du droit à l’époque contemporaine est, en France, un chantier en plein essor. En témoigne la création de la Société pour l’histoire des facultés de droit en 1983, qui a permis la coordination et le développement d’un champ de recherches jusqu’alors délaissé. Cependant, cette histoire des facultés de droit est longtemps restée une histoire des doctrines qui y étaient enseignées et des écoles qui s’y affrontaient. Il a fallu attendre une période plus récente pour que l’historiographie se saisisse des lieux de l’enseignement du droit en eux-mêmes, dans le cadre d’une socio-histoire attentive au fonctionnement de l’institution, à son personnel, ses étudiants, ou encore ses ressources budgétaires. Alors que de telles études fleurissaient déjà dans d’autres disciplines (v. par exemple les travaux de Charles, 2004 ; Picard, 2007 ; Singaravelou, 2009 ; Ferté et Barrera, 2010), les initiatives se sont multipliées ces dernières années chez les juristes, parfois en lien avec les débats actuels liés à l’autonomie des universités ou la rénovation de l’enseignement du droit dans un contexte de globalisation (Ancel et Heuschling, 2016 ; Jamin et Van Caeneghem, 2016).Ce renouvellement des approches s’est fréquemment adossé à la question des disciplines juridiques. Il a également emprunté le chemin d’un intérêt pour le collectif enseignant. Siprojuris, la base de données bio-bibliographique des professeurs de droit français entre 1804 et 1950, rassemblant 600 individus, a vu le jour, fruit d’un travail collectif coordonné par Catherine Fillon. Ouvrant de nouvelles perspectives pour l’histoire sociale des élites juridiques, cet important déport prosopographique s’est doublé d’un renouvellement de la biographie intellectuelle des professeurs de droit, désormais moins préoccupée de décréter l’existence de « grands juristes » que de décrypter les mécanismes concrets d’accession à la « grandeur intellectuelle ». Enfin, cette nouvelle histoire des facultés de droit s’est souvent concentrée sur des aires géographiques particulières, ce qui a donné lieu à la création, en 2008, du Réseau européen pour l’histoire de l’enseignement du droit.Le progrès de l’histoire de l’enseignement du droit est par conséquent substantiel pour ce qui concerne la période contemporaine. Ce cycle de journées d’études entend profiter de ces nouveaux acquis pour poursuivre le travail déjà accompli en interrogeant un phénomène peu investi jusqu’alors : l’histoire de l’enseignement du droit hors des frontières nationales aux XIXe et XXe siècles. Certes, l’époque contemporaine est marquée, par rapport au Moyen Âge, notamment, par une incontestable nationalisation du droit et de son enseignement, amorcée à l’époque moderne. A priori, l’on pourrait penser que le temps des pérégrinations académiques est révolu. À y regarder de plus près, toutefois, rien n’est moins sûr. Empruntant des formes variées, une dilatation certaine de l’espace académique français peut également être observée à l’époque contemporaine (Audren et Halpérin, 2013).– Dans le cadre de l’expansion militaire ou coloniale tout d’abord, la métropole entend plaquer son modèle d’enseignement du droit dans le cadre d’institutions dédiées (facultés de droit dans les départements annexés par l’Empire napoléonien ; École de droit d’Alger, expansion universitaire vers le Levant avec les Écoles de droit du Caire ou de Beyrouth, École de droit d’Hanoï, etc.).– En dehors du cadre « autoritaire » des régions militairement occupées ou colonisées ensuite, nombreux sont les professeurs de droit, surtout à partir de l’entre-deux-guerres, à promouvoir le droit français à l’étranger, dans le cadre d’une diplomatie culturelle bien comprise (conférences, cours au sein d’instituts culturels, etc.).Cette appréhension transnationale de l’enseignement du droit se situe par conséquent à l’articulation d’un triple questionnement : la réflexion similaire venue des historiens d’autres disciplines, qui se sont également saisis de cette question ; le tournant historiographique vers l’histoire globale ou connectée, ainsi que vers la question des circulations, qui entend interroger, voire dépasser les cadres nationaux habituellement retenus pour écrire l’histoire ; la problématique actuelle de la dénationalisation/ globalisation de l’enseignement du droit, qui agite la doctrine.Il nous a semblé qu’un tel questionnement relatif à l’enseignement du droit hors des frontières nationales était de nature à combler un vide historiographique important, tout en éclairant certains enjeux actuels de la globalisation de l’enseignement du droit. Par ailleurs, les contributions de collègues étrangers pouvant offrir un éclairage similaire dans leurs pays seront particulièrement appréciées. Ces trois journées d’études seront divisées thématiquement :1) Lyon, décembre 2018  « Les lieux et les formes de l’enseignement juridique hors de la métropole » La première journée d’études est consacrée aux diverses modalités structurelles de l’enseignement du droit en dehors du cadre métropolitain. Si, dans ses colonies, un État peut finir par envisager de créer des facultés calquées sur le modèle de la métropole, il lui faut généralement faire preuve de davantage d’inventivité dans les territoires étrangers demeurés maîtres de leur souveraineté où, par surcroît, il peut être en concurrence avec d’autres États tout aussi désireux de promouvoir leur influence politique et juridique. L’éventail des multiples formes retenues, ponctuelles ou plus pérennes (des tournées de conférences, à la main-mise sur des écoles locales, en passant par la création d’instituts culturels…) mérite d’être précisé, mais aussi cartographié. Où ? Suivant quelles formes ? Selon quels partenariats et avec quels financements ? sont autant de questions auxquelles cette première journée souhaite apporter des réponses plus précises. 2) Bordeaux, mars 2020  « Contenu et objectifs de l’enseignement juridique hors de la métropole » Cette deuxième journée d’études se concentrera sur la question des cours de droit dispensés hors de la métropole. Quels sont les objectifs de tels enseignements ? (former des élites locales ; apporter une connaissance du droit local aux étudiants français ; acculturer les populations conquises au droit français ; promouvoir la « grandeur » du droit français à l’étranger, etc.). En fonction des différents buts de ces cours, leur contenu diffère-t-il ? Enseigne-t-on de la même manière, par exemple, le droit civil français dans les colonies, dans les pays militairement conquis ou encore dans les instituts culturels à l’étranger ? Autrement dit, les professeurs de droit opèrent-ils une adaptation du contenu de leurs cours en fonction du contexte et/ ou du public auquel ils s’adressent ? C’est, par conséquent, la question des modalités intellectuelles de l’enseignement juridique hors de la métropole qui sera ici abordée. 3) Aix-Marseille, 2021  « Les acteurs de l’enseignement juridique hors de la métropole »Enfin, cette troisième journée d’études s’intéressera aux acteurs, qu’ils soient enseignants ou étudiants. Du côté des professeurs, les questionnements concernent, comme souvent dans les problématiques de l’exil durable ou temporaire, la question des profils, des parcours et des raisons, lorsqu’elles existent, qui encouragent à partir. Quelles sont les motivations de ces enseignants ? Matérielles ? Personnelles ? Idéologiques ? Qu’est-ce que l’expérience étrangère nous raconte de ces hommes et de ces femmes : est-elle la preuve d’une plus grande ouverture d’esprit ? A-t-elle des incidences sur leur façon de concevoir et d’enseigner le droit ? Peut-elle avoir un sens politique ?… En parallèle, des interrogations similaires se posent pour les étudiants, en tant qu’individus, mais également en tant que groupes. Les migrations estudiantines peuvent notamment avoir des conséquences sur les équilibres sociaux et culturels des États ou encore sur la circulation des savoirs. Afin de ne pas enfermer ces acteurs du droit dans des spécificités qui pourraient s’avérer trompeuses, nous encourageons leur remise en perspective dans le monde plus global de l’enseignement supérieur, ainsi que les approches comparées.Bibliographie indicativeColl., Actes des États généraux de la recherche sur le Droit et la Justice, Paris, Lextenso, 2018, voir en particulier les articles de la partie « professions juridiques et judiciaires ».Ancel (P.) et Heuschling (L.) (dir.), La transnationalisation de l’enseignement du droitBruxelles, Larcier, 2016.Audren (F.) et Halpérin (J.-L.), La culture juridique française entre mythes et réalités, XIXe-XXesiècles, Paris, CNRS éd., 2013.Audren (F.), « Alma Mater sous le regard de l’historien du droit. Cultures académiques, formation des élites et identités professionnelles », in Krynen (J.) et d’Alteroche (B.) (dir.), L’histoire du droit en France. Nouvelles tendances, nouveaux territoires, Paris, Classiques Garnier, 2014, p. 145-172.Bastier (J.), « L’enseignement du droit à Alger de 1879 à 1914 », in Nélidoff (Ph.) (dir.), Les facultés de droit de province au XIXe siècle, tome 1, Bilan et perspectives de la recherche, Toulouse, Presses de l’Université Toulouse 1 Capitole, 2009, p. 519-542.Charle (Ch.), « Enseignement supérieur et expansion internationale (1870-1930). Des instituts pour un nouvel empire ? », in Heilbron (J.), Lenoir (R.) et Sapiro (G.) (dir.), Pour une histoire des sciences sociales. Hommage à Pierre Bourdieu, Paris, Fayard, 2004, p. 323-347.Charle (Ch.), Schriewer (J.) et Wagner (P.) (dir.), Transnational Intellectual Networks. Forms of Academic Knowledge and the Search for Cultural Identities, Francfort, New York, Campus, 2004.De Mari (E.), Fabre (M.), Renucci (F.), Cours d’histoire du droit colonial, UNJF (en ligne), leçon 10 « De la connaissance à la réorganisation du droit ».Falconieri (S.), « Le « droit de la race ». Apprendre l’antisémitisme à la Faculté de droit de Paris (1940-1944) », Clio@themis. Revue électronique d’histoire du droit, n° 7, 2014 (en ligne).Ferté (P.) et Barerra (C.) (dir.), Étudiants de l’exil. Migrations internationales et universités refuges (XVIe-XXe s.), Toulouse, Presses universitaires du Mirail, 2010.Fillon (C.), « L’enseignement du droit, instrument et enjeu de la diplomatie culturelle française. L’exemple de l’Égypte au début du XXe siècle », Mil neuf cent. Revue d’histoire intellectuelle, n° 29 [La Belle Époque des juristes. Enseigner le droit dans la République], 2011/1, p. 123-144.Fillon (C.), « Le Jésuite, l’Universitaire et le Politique : stratégies de recrutement du corps enseignant de l’École Française de droit de Beyrouth (1913-1939) », in Gaven (J.-C.) et Audren (F.) (dir.), Les facultés de droit de province aux XIXe et XXe siècles, tome 3, Les conquêtes universitaires, Toulouse, Presses Universitaires de Toulouse 1 Capitole, 2011, p. 115-138.Gaillard (A.-M.) et (J.), Les enjeux des migrations scientifiques internationales. De la quête du savoir à la circulation des compétences, Paris, L’Harmattan, 1999.Gonzalez (C.), « Education and Empire : Colonial Universities in Mexico, India and the United States », Research and Occasional Paper Series, CSHE-Berkeley, 2014 (en ligne).Halary (Ch.), Les exilés du savoir. Les migrations scientifiques internationales et leurs mobiles, Paris, L’Harmattan, 1994.Halpérin (J.-L.) (dir.), Paris, capitale juridique (1804-1950). Études de socio-histoire sur la Faculté de droit de Paris, Paris, Éditions rue d’Ulm, 2011.Jamin (Ch.) et Van Caenegem (W.) (dir.), The Internationalisation of Legal Education, Switzerland, Springer, 2016.Outre-Mers. Revue d’histoire, t. 105, n° 394-395 [Enseignement supérieur et universités dans les espaces coloniaux : histoire, comparaisons (du XIXe siècle aux indépendances)], 2017, coordonné par Hélène Charton et Marc Michel.Picard (E.), « Étudiants et enseignants : du dossier individuel à la prosopographie », Revue administrative, 2007, p. 55-58 (en ligne sur HAL).Ponthoreau (M.-Cl.) (dir.), La dénationalisation de l’enseignement juridique. Comparaisons des pratiques, Paris, Institut Universitaire Varenne, coll. « Colloques & Essais », 2016.Singaravelou (P.), « L’enseignement supérieur colonial. Un état des lieux », Histoire de l’éducation, 122/2009, p. 71-92Renucci (F.) (dir.), Dictionnaire des juristes ultramarins (XVIIIe-XXe siècles), rapport de recherche gip « Mission de recherche Droit et Justice », 2012.Tronchet (G.), Savoirs en diplomatie. Une histoire sociale et transnationale de la politique universitaire internationale de la France (années 1870-années 1930), thèse de doctorat en histoire contemporaine, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, 2014.Pour la première journée de Lyon, les propositions de communication, accompagnées d’un bref CV, sont à envoyer aux quatre organisatrices pour le 1er septembre 2018. La décision du comité d’organisation sera notifiée aux intervenants le 20 septembre.Comité d’organisationSilvia Falconieri (chargée de recherches CNRS, IMAF) : silviafalconieri@gmail.comCatherine Fillon (professeur, Université Jean Moulin Lyon III) : catherine.fillon@univ-lyon3.frLaetitia Guerlain (maître de conférences, Université de Bordeaux) : laetitia.guerlain@u-bordeaux.frFlorence Renucci (directrice de recherches CNRS, IMAF) : florence.renucci@univ-amu.frComité scientifiqueFrédéric Audren (directeur de recherches CNRS, École de droit de Sciences Po)Isabelle Giraudou (professeur associée, Université de Tokyo)Jean-Louis Halpérin (professeur, ENS)Béatrice Jaluzot (maître de conférences, Sciences Po Lyon)Emmanuelle Picard (maître de conférences, ENS Lyon)Guillaume Tronchet (chercheur affilié à l’IHMC, ENS-Paris 1)More information here.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Catherine GUYON, Bruno MAES, Marta PEGUERA POCH & Anne-Elisabeth SPICA (eds.), Liberté des consciences et religion. Enjeux et conflits (XIIIe-XXe siècle) [Histoire] (Rennes: PURennes, 2018), 328 p. ISBN 9782753555297, € 25

(image source: PURennes)
Book abstract:
Si le fait religieux est quelquefois présenté comme un moyen de contrainte sur les consciences, il est pourtant source de liberté des consciences morales, selon un paradoxe qui n’est qu’apparent. Cet ouvrage constitue autant de contributions à l’étude de la part du fait religieux dans l’émergence de la liberté de et des consciences. Dans une perspective résolument orientée en diachronie longue, l’ouvrage met au jour les questions récurrentes et leur évolution. Avec le soutien de l’université de Lorraine, du CRULH, de l’Institut François-Gény et du laboratoire « Écritures ».See introduction and table of contents.
More information here.
Categories: Comparative Law News

JOB: Postdoctoral Researchers: Spaces of Roman Republicanism (University of Helsinki, ERC Consolidator Grant prof. Kaius Tuori) DEADLINE 15 APR 2018

(image source: THE)The University of Helsinki – among the best in the worldFounded in 1640, the University of Helsinki is one of the best multidisciplinary research universities in the world. The University of Helsinki is an international academic community of 40,000 students and staff members. It operates on four campuses in Helsinki and at 15 other locations. The high-quality research carried out by the university creates new knowledge for educating diverse specialists in various fields, and for utilisation in social decision-making and the business sector.The Faculty of Social Sciences is Finland’s leading research and education institution in the social sciences and also the most diverse in terms of its disciplines. In several research fields the Faculty belongs to the top 50 in the international rankings. The Faculty has a strong international profile both in research and teaching programmes. The number of academic staff stands at 350. Each year the faculty awards some 350 Bachelor’s degrees, 400 Master’s degrees, and more than 40 doctoral degrees. For more information on the Faculty of Social Sciences, please visit Faculty of Social Sciences invites applications for the position ofTWO (2) POSTDOCTORAL RESEARCHERS, SPACES OF ROMAN REPUBLICANISMfor a three-year fixed term period from 1 June 2018 onwards (or as agreed) to contribute to the research project Law, Governance and Space: Questioning the Foundations of the Republican Tradition (SpaceLaw, SpaceLaw research project is located at the Centre of European Studies of the University of Helsinki. It is funded by an ERC Consolidator Grant and led by Kaius Tuori.The project has two main research questions that explore the theme by the confrontation of ideas and their contexts in both the ancient Roman Republican tradition and its afterlife in the European tradition:
1) What is the relationship between the Republican ideals and administrative practices and how is their change visible in the spaces of administration from the Roman Republic to modern Republicanism?
2) How the changes in the context and space of administration reflect in the social topography, the public and private spheres of governance?
Administrative professionalization has conventionally been the hallmark of a modern state. Ever since Weber, the conceptual separation of the office and its holder has defined the European way of governance. This separation equally defined it from both its feudalistic predecessors and failed states prone to corruption and nepotism. The origin of this European tradition of the separation of public and private has been seen in the Roman Republican state with its strict responsibilities, term limits and defined powers of its magistracies. This separation was made concrete in the building of public spaces for political and administrative purposes, in settings whose magnificence and grandeur reflected the value that the society held them. In the European tradition, public spaces were a demonstration of public power. While the spatial settings as have been studied in relation to monarchical settings like courts, Republican administration has been neglected. The problem is that much of what is known about the Roman Republican administrative practice fits this image badly. For example, how is it possible to have professional administration if the magistrates are not paid and have no offices to work? The purpose of this project is to challenge that assumption and to propose a new model of the Roman governance through a novel re-evaluation of the ancient Roman administrative tradition and its links with the European heritage through the issue of administrative space. Spatial analysis allows the observer to break beyond the limits of the self-understanding of the sources and to approach fundamental connections between questions of power, law and governance.The project is divided into four subprojects (A-D) that examine the different facets of the research questions. These subprojects will serve as a primary individual project for one team member.Subproject A: The Emergence of the Republican Tradition explores how the Republican tradition of administration was shaped by its historic, spatial, economic, social and philosophical contexts by examining four case studies. How does the change in the interpretations of the tradition correspond with the changes in its spatial and immaterial context? The results of a survey of the corpus of the Roman Republican texts on the theory and practice of administration and administrative space will be compared with the other case studies of the Republicanist tradition.Subproject B: The Transformation of Administrative Space between Public and Private will produce a new inquiry into the administrative space in the city of Rome and compare it with examples from both classical world and the later historical tradition. The aim is to combine archaeological and historical data to trace the work of administrative magistracies and their contexts.Subproject C: The Legal Framework and the Administrative Process analyses how Roman jurists and other elite authors conceptualized the legal framework of the administrative state and the process of administration. How jurisprudence and legal practice conceptualized space in administration? What were the needs and requirements of space for legal administration and how do legal texts reflect space? The result will be an unorthodox interpretation of how the law created space and was created in spaces such as the Forum.Subproject D: The Social Topography of the Administrative Space. Drawing from the political and social history of the domestic and public spheres, the subproject will investigate administrative space as a space in between the political and the private domains and how their boundaries were demarcated? It will equally look at how people from different backgrounds and tasks operated in these spaces. Using tools of social topography, historical geography and prosopography, the subproject will produce a new theory of the overlapping areas of privacy, intimacy and sociability in relation to the “public” areas of politics, military or religious activities as well as the spatial dimension of administration intermingling with them all.The postdoctoral researchers may apply for all four subprojects. The applicant must indicate clearly in her or his application, to which subproject she/he is applying to. Multidisciplinary backgrounds in law, humanities and/or social sciences are expected of the team members. In subproject A, the focus would be in the intellectual history of Republicanism, while in B a specialization in archaeology, ancient history or art history would be needed. In subproject C, the task at hand would require a specialization in areas such as legal history or Roman law, but in D the possibilities are much wider in terms of a suitable background, including anthropologists and other social scientists.An appointee to the position must hold a doctoral degree in a relevant field of Ancient history, general history, archaeology, Roman law, or equivalent. Moreover, she or he is expected to have the ability to conduct independent scientific research and possess the teaching skills required for the position. The period following the completion of doctoral degree must not exceed five years, excluding family leave and equivalent periods of absence. An appointee must be able to provide a clear contribution to the theme of the research project and to its general development, together with full-time researchers, postdocs, visiting faculty, Ph.D. students, and graduate students working as research assistants. To fulfil the research requirements of the position, the applicant chosen is expected to be physically present on a regular basis and actively participate in the research and teaching activities of the research project. An appointee is expected to contribute develop her/his own and our common research agenda, and contribute to collective academic tasks such as teaching, seminars and joint academic papers. Conventionally, the teaching load is 5%, corresponding roughly with a course of 20 hours contact teaching.The salary shall be based on level 5 of the job requirement scheme for teaching and research staff in the salary system of Finnish universities. In addition, a salary component based on personal performance will be paid. The annual gross salary range will be approx. 41,000–50,000 euros, depending on the appointee’s qualifications and experience. In addition, occupational healthcare will be provided. The employment contract will include a probationary period of four months.Applicants are requested to enclose with their applications the following documents in English as a single pdf file:
1) A curriculum vitae (max 4 pages).
2) A numbered list of publications on which the applicant has marked in bold her or his five key publications to be considered during the review.
3) A research plan (max 4 pages) outlining how the applicant’s expertise could contribute to the research project.
4) A summary (max 2 pages) on the applicant’s scholarly activities including original research at an international level, international academic networks, local co-operation, success in obtaining research funding, experience in research management.For instructions, please see submit your application through the University of Helsinki Recruitment System via the link Apply for job. Applicants who are employees of the University of Helsinki are requested to submit their application via the SAP HR portal, information about the position and about the research project Law, Governance and Space: Questioning the Foundations of the Republican Tradition may be obtained (in Finnish and English) from Dr. Kaius Tuori ( In case you need support with the recruitment system, please contact Rechtshistorische Courant, UGent)More information here.
Categories: Comparative Law News

SSRN: PAPERS: Daniel HULSEBOSCH on "Protecting Foreign Expectations in the Early US" and "Being Seen like a State"

(image source: Famously Dead)
The Legal History Blog signalled two new papers by Daniel J. Hulsebosch (NYU School of Law):

From Imperial to International Law: Protecting Foreign Expectations in the Early United Statesand appears in UCLA Law Review Discourse 65 (2018): 4-18:
This Essay argues that several principles associated with modern international investment law and dispute resolution arose in the wake of the American Revolution, as the revolutionaries and Britons sought to restructure trade relations, previously regulated by imperial law, under new treaties and the law of nations. They negotiated such problems as the currency in which international debts would be paid; the ability of foreign creditors pursue domestic collection remedies; whether creditors had to exhaust those remedies before their nation could resort to international arbitration; and the form of state-state arbitration of private disputes. The specific setting of these negotiations — the aftermath of a colonial settler revolution — narrowed the compass of disagreement, compared to many later postcolonial negotiations. In addition, the negotiations assumed that the exhaustion of national remedies remained the standard method of resolving private debt disputes. Notwithstanding these important differences, the principles and institutions developed after an imperial civil war influenced the development of international investment law. The second is Being Seen Like a State: How Americans (and Britons) Built the Constitutional Infrastructure of a Developing Nation, which appears in the William & Mary Law Review 59 (2018): 1239-1319:
This Article develops the argument that the Federal Constitution of 1787 was conceptualized, drafted, and put into operation not only for American citizens but also for foreign audiences. In a world without supranational governing institutions, a constitution — at least, the Federal Constitution — might serve to promote peaceable international relations based on reciprocal trade and open credit. That at least was the Enlightenment-inflected hope. Did it work? If early Americans engaged in constitution-making in large part to demonstrate their capacity for self-government, self discipline, and commercial openness to foreign audiences, did anyone notice? Or was it all, regardless of diplomatic purposes and consistent with the conventional account of the American Founding, just an intramural affair? This Article argues that many foreigners did notice, not least because some of them had participated in the process of reform. Although no foreigners intervened directly in drafting or ratification, international demands, incentives, and reactions shaped the way that leading American Framers pursued constitution making. After a “foreign ratification debate” that stretched into the first years of the Washington Administration, Britain normalized diplomatic relations with the United States and substantial capital investment followed. In 1791, the British Board of Trade approvingly analyzed the Constitution in a report designed to guide the Privy Council as it drafted instructions for its first official envoy to the United States. Within fifteen years, Britons were the largest holders of foreign investment in the United States, including state and federal “domestic debt,” or the restructured wartime certificates and loans that had floated the Revolution. In sum, Britons ultimately financed much of the project of American independence, and contemporaries believed that these credit relations would reduce, without eliminating, the prospect of renewed war.
Categories: Comparative Law News

SYMPOSIUM: Legal Histories of Policing and Surveillance (Stanford, 20 April 2018)

(image source: Stanford Law School)
Legal Histories of Policing and SurveillanceApril 20, 2018Sponsored by the Stanford Center for Law and History and Stanford Humanities CenterLocation: Stanford Humanities Center8:30 - 9 AM: BreakfastSurveillance Technologies and Legal Culture, 9 - 10:30 AM
    • David Sklansky (Chair), Stanford Law School• Binyamin Blum, Hastings Law School• Lawrence Friedman, Stanford Law School• Mitra Sharafi, University of Wisconsin Law School
10:30 - 10:45 AM: Mid-morning breakPolicing Intimate and Family Life, 10:45 AM - 12:30 PM
    • Estelle Freedman (Chair), Stanford History Department• Michael Grossberg, Indiana University History Department and Law School• Samuel Huneke, Stanford History Department• Elizabeth Katz, Stanford Law School• Naama Maor, University of Chicago History Department
12:30 - 1:30: LunchBroadening the State's Criminal Oversight Power, 1:30 - 3:15
    • George Fisher (Chair), Stanford Law School• Malcolm Feeley, Berkeley Law School• Elizabeth Hinton, Harvard University History and African and African American Studies Departments• Jacqueline Ross, University of Illinois College of Law• Jonathan Simon, Berkeley Law School
3:15 - 4 PM: Afternoon coffee breakKeynote, 4 - 5 PMMichael Willrich, Brandeis University History Department"Writ of Hocus Pocus": Anarchists and the U.S. Surveillance StateNOTE: Registration is on a first come, first served basis and seating is limited. Registration is required. Register here.
(source: Legal History Blog)
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Anthony PAGE and Wilfrid PREST, eds., Blackstone and His Critics (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2018). ISBN 9781509910458, £65.00

(Source: Hart Publishing)
Later this month, Hart Publishing will publish a book containing many contributions on contemporary critics of William Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England (1765-1769). The book can be pre-ordered with the publisher.
William Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws of England (1765-69) is perhaps the most elegant and influential legal text in the history of the common law. By one estimate, Blackstone has been cited well over 10,000 times in American judicial opinions alone. Prominent in recent reassessment of Blackstone and his works, Wilfrid Prest also convened the Adelaide symposia which have now generated two collections of essays: Blackstone and his Commentaries: Biography, Law, History (2009), and Re-Interpreting Blackstone's Commentaries: A Seminal Text in National and International Contexts(2014).

This third collection focuses on Blackstone's critics and detractors. Leading scholars examine the initial reception of the Commentaries in the context of debates over law, religion and politics in eighteenth-century Britain and Ireland. Having shown Blackstone's volumes to be a contested work of the Enlightenment, the remaining chapters assess critical responses to Blackstone on family law, the status of women and legal education in Britain and America. While Blackstone and his Commentaries have been widely lauded and memorialised in marble, this volume highlights the extent to which they have also attracted censure, controversy and disparagement.
1. Rationalising the Common Law: Blackstone and His Predecessors
Michael Lobban
2. The 'Least Repulsive' Work on a 'Repulsive Subject': Jeremy Bentham on William Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws of England 
Philip Schofield
3. Blackstone, Expositor and Censor of Law Both Made and Found
Jessie Allen
4. William Blackstone, Edward Gibbon and Thomas Winchester: The Case for an Oxford Enlightenment
Ian Doolittle
5. Rational Dissent and Blackstone's Commentaries 
Anthony Page
6. Blackstone, Parliamentary Sovereignty and his Irish Critics
Ultán Gillen
7. Blackstone, Family Law and the Exclusion of the Half Blood in Inheritance
Tim Stretton
8. Blackstone and Women
Carolyn Steedman
9. Professing Law in the Shadow of the Commentaries 
David Lieberman
10. Hammond's Blackstone and the Historical School of American Jurisprudence
David M Rabban
11. 'A Very Narrowing Effect Upon Our Profession': A Progressive Jurist Confronts Blackstone
John V Orth
12. Blackstone's Posthumous Reputation
Wilfrid Prest
For more information, see the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: George H. Gadbois, Supreme Court of India : The Beginnings (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780199472161, $25.00

(Source: Oxford University Press)
Oxford University Press has recently published a book on the early history of the Indian Supreme Court.
This work seeks to determine the roles played by the paramount judiciary in the Indian polity between 1937 and 1964. The discussion starts with an examination of the Federal Court, the establishment of which in 1937 brought into existence Indias first central judicial institution. After a consideration of events leading to the creation of the Federal Court, the nature of its jurisdiction and representative decisions are analysed. Other matters considered include the relationship of the Federal Court with the Privy Council, and the unsuccessful efforts made to empower the Federal Court with a jurisdiction to hear civil appeals. In addition, the major part of this work is devoted to the present Supreme Court of India, which replaced the Federal Court in 1950. After discussing the general features of the new judicial establishment, attention is focused upon the nature of its review powers and the manner in which the Court can exercise these powers. Against the background of debates in the Constituent Assembly that reflect the attitudes of the Constitution-makers towards judicial review, the important decisions which provoked clashes between the judges and politicians have been analysed.
PrefaceIntroduction by Vikram Raghavan and Vasujith RamChapter 1: Evolution of the Federal Court of IndiaChapter 2: The Federal Court of India: 19371950Chapter 3: The New Judicial EstablishmentChapter 4: Jurisdiction and Powers of the Supreme CourtChapter 5: The Supreme Court in the Indian System of GovernmentChapter 6: Judicial Review in a Modern Democratic Welfare StateChapter 7: Summary and ConclusionsSelect BibliographyIndexAbout the Author

For more information, see Oxford OUP’s website.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Jens MEIERHENRICH and Devin O. PENDAS, eds., Political Trials in Theory and History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017). ISBN 9781107438323, $ 34.99

(Source: Cambridge University Press)
Cambridge University Press just published the paperback version of “Political Trials in Theory and History”, a book published last year. The book discusses various political trials in history and across different societies.
From the trial of Socrates to the post-9/11 military commissions, trials have always been useful instruments of politics. Yet there is still much that we do not understand about them. Why do governments use trials to pursue political objectives, and when? What differentiates political trials from ordinary ones? Contrary to conventional wisdom, not all political trials are show trials or contrive to set up scapegoats. This volume offers a novel account of political trials that is empirically rigorous and theoretically sophisticated, linking state-of-the-art research on telling cases to a broad argument about political trials as a socio-legal phenomenon. All the contributors analyse the logic of the political in the courtroom. From archival research to participant observation, and from linguistic anthropology to game theory, the volume offers a genuinely interdisciplinary set of approaches that substantially advance existing knowledge about what political trials are, how they work, and why they matter.
Jens MeierhenrichLondon School of Economics and Political Science. Jens Meierhenrich is Associate Professor of International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science. His books include The Legacies of Law: Long-Run Consequences of Legal Development in South Africa, 1652–2000 (Cambridge, 2008), which won the American Political Science Association's 2009 Woodrow Wilson Foundation Award for the best book on politics, government, or international affairs, Lawfare: Gacaca Jurisdictions, 1994–2010 (Cambridge, forthcoming), and, as co-editor, The Oxford Handbook of Carl Schmitt (2016).
Devin O. PendasBoston College, Massachusetts. Devin O. Pendas is Associate Professor of History at Boston College, Massachusetts. He is the author of The Frankfurt Auschwitz Trial, 1963–1965: History, Genocide, and the Limits of the Law (Cambridge, 2006) and the co-editor of Beyond the Racial State: Rethinking Nazi Germany (with Mark Roseman and Richard F. Wetzell, Cambridge, 2018).
1. Political trials in theory and history Jens Meierhenrich and Devin O. Pendas
2. The trial of Socrates as a political trial: explaining 399 BCE Josiah Ober
3. The trial and crucifixion of Jesus: a formal model Ron E. Hassner and Kenneth Sexauer
4. Jan Hus in the medieval ecclesiastical courts Thomas A. Fudge
5. The French Revolutionary trials Laurence Winnie
6. The Soviet Union, the Nuremberg Trials, and the politics of the postwar moment Francine Hirsch
7. 'Brown v. Board of Education': private civil litigation as a political trial Mark Tushnet
8. The Eichmann trial in law and memory Devin O. Pendas
9. In the theater of the rule of law: performing the Rivonia trial in South Africa, 1963–4 Jens Meierhenrich and Catherine M. Cole
10. China's Gang of Four trial: the law v. the laws of history Alexander C. Cook
11. Anger, honor, and truth: the political prosecution of Neopolitan organized crime Marco Jacquemet
12. 'This following orders thing is very relative': ascriptions and performances of responsibility in the Causa ESMA, 1983–7 Christiane Wilke
13. The Microsoft case as a political trial William H. Page and John E. Lopatka
14. The trials of Khodorkovsky in Russia Richard Sakwa
15. Nashiri in Gitmo: the wages of legitimacy in trials before the Guantanamo Military Commissions Lawrence Douglas.

More information on the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Rafael DOMINGO, Roman Law: An Introduction (New York: Routledge, 2018). ISBN 9780815362777, $39.95

(Source: Routledge)
Routledge will publish a new introduction to Roman Law next month. The book can be pre-ordered with the publisher.
Roman Law: An Introduction offers a clear and accessible introduction to Roman law for students of any legal tradition. In the thousand years between the Law of the Twelve Tables and Justinian’s massive Codification, the Romans developed the most sophisticated and comprehensive secular legal system of Antiquity, which remains at the heart of the civil law tradition of Europe, Latin America, and some countries of Asia and Africa. Roman lawyers created new legal concepts, ideas, rules, and mechanisms that most Western legal systems still apply. The study of Roman law thus facilitates understanding among people of different cultures by inspiring a kind of legal common sense and breadth of knowledge.
Based on over twenty-five years’ experience teaching Roman law, this volume offers a comprehensive examination of the subject, as well as a historical introduction which contextualizes the Roman legal system for students who have no familiarity with Latin or knowledge of Roman history. More than a compilation of legal facts, the book captures the defining characteristics and principal achievements of Roman legal culture through a millennium of development.
Rafael Domingo (1963, PhD 1987) is the Spruill Family Research Professor at Emory University in Atlanta, USA, and ICS Professor of Law at the University of Navarra, Spain. A specialist in legal history, legal theory, ancient Roman law, and comparative law, he has authored and edited more than twenty books, including Auctoritas (1999), Juristas Universales (2004), The New Global Law (2010), God and the Secular Legal System (2016), and Great Christian Jurists in Spanish History (2018).
PrefaceList of abbreviationsChronological TablePart One: Roman Law in Historical ContextChapter One: Basic Legal Concepts and ValuesChapter Two: Constitutional Background of Roman LawChapter Three: Sources of Roman LawChapter Four: The Jurists and the Legal ScienceChapter Five: Justinian and the Corpus IurisChapter Six: The Revival of Roman LawPart Two: Roman Law in ActionChapter Seven: Civil LitigationChapter Eight: Family LawChapter Nine: Property LawChapter Ten: The Law of SuccessionChapter Eleven: The Law of Obligations: ContractsChapter Twelve: The Law of Obligations: DelictsBibliographyIndex
For more information, see the publisher’s website.
Categories: Comparative Law News