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CONFERENCE: "From Mothers to Citizens: Italian Women from Unification to the Republic" (Cambridge, September 29-30 2016)

WHAT From Mothers to Citizens: Italian Women from Unification to the Republic, Conference

WHEN September 29-30 2016

WHERE University of Cambridge, Department of Italian, Raised Faculty Building, Sedgwick Avenue, Cambridge

all information here

This conference seeks to mark the 70th anniversary of women's right to vote by investigating the development of women’s status and their changing role and image between Unification and the founding of the Republic.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "The spirit of Korean Law. Korean Legal History in Context" by Marie Seong-Hak Kim (ed.)

The spirit of Korean Law. Korean Legal History in Context, by Marie Seong-Hak Kim (ed.)
Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, 2016ISBN13: 9789004290778
E-ISBN: 9789004306011
This is the first book on Korean legal history in English written by a group of leading scholars from around the world. The chapters set forth the developments of Korean law from the Chosŏn to colonial and modern periods through the examination of codified laws, legal theories and practices, and jurisprudence. The contributors’ shared premise is that the evolution of Korean law can be best understood when viewed in terms of its interactions with outside laws. Each chapter integrates literature in Korean, Japanese, Chinese, and Western languages into comprehensive analyses to make up-to-date research available to readers both inside and outside Korea. This volume provides a solid framework from which to approach Korean legal history in the perspective of comparative legal traditions.

Biographical noteMarie Seong-Hak Kim (J.D. 1994; Ph.D. 1991) is Professor of History at St. Cloud State University. She is the author of Law and Custom in Korea: Comparative Legal History (2012) and Michel de L’Hôpital: The Vision of a Reformist Chancellor during the French Religious Wars (1997).
ReadershipAnyone interested in Korean law, Korean history, East Asian legal history, and comparative legal traditions.
Table of contents

Preface List of Contributors 
Introduction: Searching for the Spirit of Korean Law Marie Seong-Hak Kim
Part 1 Legal Codes and Institutions of the Chosŏn Dynasty
The Chosŏn Law Codes in an East Asian Perspective Jérôme Bourgon and Pierre-Emmanuel Roux
Circulation of Law and Jurisprudence in Korea and China: Homicide and the Notion of Requital for Life Frédéric Constant
Confucian Ideology and Legal Developments in Chosŏn Korea: A Methodological Essay Anders Karlsson
Part 2 Law and the Legal System under Colonial Rule
The Rise of Korean Constitutional Thought (1875–1945): An East Asian Perspective Noriko Kokubun
Can There Be Good Colonial Law? Korean Law and Jurisprudence under Japanese Rule Revisited Marie Seong-Hak Kim
Legality or Legitimacy: Revisiting Debates on the Korea-Japan Annexation Treaties Samuel Guex
Part 3 Law, Court, and Legal Reform in Modern Korea
The Making of the Constitution and the Civil Code in Postliberation Korea Joon-Young Moon
The Role of the Constitutional Court of Korea in the Transition from Authoritarian to Democratic RuleJustine Guichard
Korea and the Reform of the Northeast Asian Legal Complex Tom Ginsburg

Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: North versus South ? Gender, Law and Economics in Early Modern and Modern Europe (15th-19th Century); DEADLINE 30 JUL 2016

(image source: Normandie Université)

The Research Group at the University of Normandy (Rouen) and the Institut Universitaire de France host the 8th Conference of the European Network on Gender Differences in the History of European Legal Cultures.

The aim of the 8th conference of the network Gender Differences in the History of European Legal Cultures will be to analyse the consequences of different European juridical systems on the development of specific economic roles for men and women. At the core of the comparative analysis, at the European scale, there will be the different economic evolutions of European regions in the early modern and modern times. Customary laws characterized Northern Europe and Roman law characterized Southern Europe, but at the local level there were many differences, depending on urban statutes, craft rules, family structures, political and economic systems.
Some gender historians of early modern economy applied to early modern societies categories that had been created by the economists of emerging countries in order to challenge the relationships between women's economic rights, marital economy and economic development. In a provocative and stimulating article, Amy L. Erickson suggested a relationship between the development of English capitalism, in the 18th century, and the fact that married women, under the regime of the “common law”, lost all their properties. This allowed husbands to use, and to invest, much more capitals than if they had had to save their wives' dowry, in case they had to claim it, when widowed, as it was current in Mediterranean Europe, under the regime of the Roman law. At the same time, single women had the complete control on their goods, much more than in most early modern societies. The outcome was that, in early modern England, there was an important stock of potential investors1.
In a recent article, Tine De Moor and Jan Luiten Van Zanden argued that in Early Modern North-West Europe the transfer of property – from parents to children and from bride to groom – was a crucial factor for the development of “labour-market oriented” strategies, that enabled the rapid economic growth of the area. Indeed, in North-West Europe the necessity/will to amass resources with a view to marriage encouraged young girls to enter the temporary service. At the same time, a marital regime based on the conjugal fund, stimulated the wives to take part actively in the business family. In contrast, in South Europe the endowment system would have kept women away from the labour market, since their position was more or less fixed by the presence of the dowry, that they received as inheritance portion from their family estate and got back from their husband's heirs in widowhood2.
Sheilagh Ogilvie suggested a link between the exclusion of both women and Jews from the “social capital” represented by guilds' networks in Southern Germany, and the subsequent lack of capitalistic development of that region of Europe3. The research about women and guilds in Early Modern European cities often insisted on the exclusion on women from guilds, at least in the early modern period. The problem of the presence, or rather absence, of women from guilds is part of the more general problem of the evolution of women's role in skilled activities, during the early modern times, since the “decline thesis”, developed in 1919 by Alice Clark, and challenged, for the Italian case, by Angela Groppi and Simona Laudani and, for the French case, by Claire Crowston and Daryl Hafter.
More generally, the aim of the conference is to question the narrative of the “great divergence” between the economies of Northern and Southern Europe in relation with the opportunities that different juridical systems gave to women and men to act in the society as economic actors. Were they so different? Were women allowed to play a public role, recognised at an institutional level? Which role did women’s property play in the urban economy? And how did a specific kind of marital economy influence the economic development? Are “industrious” and “industrial” revolutions useful tools to understand the economic development and, if it is the case, are they related to specific juridical systems? References:
  • Ågren Maria, EricksonAmy Louise (eds.), The Marital Economy in Scandinavia and Britain, 1400-1900, Aldershot-Burlington, Ashgate, 2005
  • Beattie, Cordelia and Matthew Frank Stevens (eds.), Married women and the law in premodern Western Europe, Woodbridge-Rochester, Boydell, 2013
  • Bellavitis Anna, Jourdain Virginie, Lemonnier-Lesage Virginie, Zucca Micheletto Beatrice (dir.), « Tout ce qu’elle saura et pourra faire ». Femmes, droits, travail en Normandie du Moyen Âge à la Grande guerre, Mont St. Aignan, PURH, 2015
  • De Moor Tine & van Zanden Jan Luiten, Girl power: The European marriage pattern and labour markets in the North Sea region in the late medieval and early modern period , « The Economic History Review », 1(63), 2010, p. 1–33
  • De Vries Jan, The Industrious Revolution. Consumer Behavior and the Household Economy, 1650 to the Present, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2008
  • Erickson, Amy Louise, Coverture and Capitalism, « History Workshop Journal », No. 59 (Spring, 2005), p. 1-16
  • Groppi Angela (ed.), Storia delle donne in Italia : Il lavoro delle donne , Roma-Bari, Laterza, 1994
  • Howell Martha C., Women, Production and Patriarchy in Late Medieval Cities , Chicago, Chicago University Press, 1986
  • Howell Martha C., Commerce before Capitalism in Europe, 1300-1600, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2010
  • Humphries Jane & Sarasúa Carmen, Off the Record : Reconstructing Women’s Labor Force Participation in the European Past, « Feminist Economics », 18, 4 (2012), p. 39-67
  • Ogilvie Sheilagh, A Bitter Living : Women, Markets, and Social Capital in Early Modern Germany , Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2003
  • Schmidt Ariadne & van Nederveen Meerkerk Elise, Reconsidering The “First Male-Breadwinner Economy”: Women's Labor ForceParticipation in the Netherlands, 1600–1900, « Feminist Economics », 18, 4 (2012), p. 69-96
  • Simonton Deborah & Montenach Anne (eds.), Female Agency in the Urban Economy. Gender in European Towns, 1640-1830, New York-London, Routledge, 2013
  • Sperling Jutta Gisela and Kelly Wray Shona (eds.), Across the Religious Divide. Women, Property, and Law in the Wider Mediteranean (ca. 1300-1800), New York – London, Routledge, 2010
  • Van der Heuvel Danielle, Women and Entrepreneurship. Female traders in the Northern Netherlands, 1580-1815, Amsterdam, Askant, 2007
  • Wiesner Merry, Working Women in Renaissance Germany, New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press 1986
  • Zucca Micheletto Beatrice, Reconsidering Women's Labor Force Participation Rates in Eighteenth-Century Turin, « Feminist Economics », 19, 4 (2013), p. 200-223
  • Zucca Micheletto Beatrice, Travail et propriété des femmes en temps de crise (Turin, XVIII siècle), Mont Saint-Aignan, PURH, 2014
Notes1 Amy Louise Erickson, Coverture and Capitalism, « History Workshop Journal », No. 59 (Spring, 2005), p. 1-162 Tine De Moor & Jan Luiten van Zanden, Girl power: The European marriage pattern and labour markets in the North Sea region in the late medieval and early modern period , « The Economic History Review », 1(63), 2010, p. 1–333 Sheilagh Ogilvie, A Bitter Living : Women, Markets, and Social Capital in Early Modern Germany , Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2003Practical details:
Please, send suggestions for contributions in the form of an abstract in English or in French (3000 characters max)
by July 30th 2016to : anna.bellavitis@univ-rouen.fr and to beatrice.zucca@gmail.com.
The conference will cover the expenses of accommodation and most meals of all speakers. The participants will be asked to make every effort to secure travelling expenses from their own institutions but the organizers are working towards reimbursing the cost of budget travelling for those unable to find other sponsors. Source: Calenda.org

Categories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: The Journal on European History of Law VII(2016), Issue 1 (ISSN 2042-6402)

The Journal on European History of Law published its latest issue.
Table of Contents:
JOURNAL: Journal on European History of Law VII (2016), No. 1
Research articles:• Diemut Majer: Peter Saladin (1935 – 1997)
• Christoph Schmetterer: Der strafrechtliche Schutz von Kaiser und Kaiserhaus in Österreich von 1848 – 1918 (The Criminal Protection of the Emperor and the Imperial Family in Austria 1848 –1918)
• Astrid Lorenz: Parties and Rules. Constitution-making in the East German Länder after 1990
• Andrew Watson: Victorian Jury Court Advocacy and Signs of Fundamental Change
• Patrizia Resta: The Revenge of Soghomon Tehlirian
• Javier Belda Iniesta: The Pleasure of Privacy: Confession and Inquisition as Means to Cause the Correction of Sinful Consciences around the IV Lateran Council
• Rudransh Sharma: History of Legal Profession in India
• János Jusztinger: Dogmatics of Criminal Law and the Roman Jurisprudence
• József Benke: The Remembrance of ‘Praetor Paulus’ in Mid-Tudor England
• Csaba Cservák: Development Span of the Hungarian Governmental Forms (in an International Comparison)
• Katalin Ibolya Koncz: Divorce and Undeserving of Permanent Alimony according to the Practices of the Hungarian Royal Curia
• Iván Halász: The Development of Czechoslovak, Polish and Hungarian Foreign Affairs Administration between the Two World Wars (1918 – 1939)
• Dávid Klemm: An Attempt to Establish the European Army: The Pleven Plan
• Przemysław Dąbrowski: The Structure and Powers of the Councils of State in the Kingdom of Poland between 1815 and 1867
• Maria Lewandowicz: On the Universalist Heritage in the Codification of Private Law in Poland and Switzerland in the 19th and 20th Century
• Lenka Šmídová Malárová: „Causa legittimae absentiae“ in Legal Praxis of the Medieval Town Law in Moravia
• František Emmert: The Expansion of so-called Reich Citizenship in the Czech Territories during the War Years and its Post-war Consequences
• Johan Schweigl: The Fundamental Events within the Development of Central Banking in the Czech Lands
• Miriam Laclavíková, Andrea Olšovská:  Besondere Arbeitsbedingungen von Frauen im Hinblick auf den Schutz vom Wert der Mutterschaft auf dem Gebiet der Slowakei – Vergangenheit vs. Gegenwart (Special Working Conditions of Women with Regard to the Maternity in the Territory of Slovakia - History vs. Present Times)
• József Szalma: Einfluss der deutschen Willens- und Erklärungstheorie auf europäische zivilrechtliche Kodifikationen und Theorie über die Willensgeschäfte - mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des serbischen Privatrechts (The Impact of the Intention Theory and Expression Theory in the German Doctrine of Juridical Acts on the European Civil Law Doctrine and Codifications, with special Consideration of Serbian Law)
• Dunja Pastović: “Defect of Sex”: Exclusion of Women from Jury Service in Istria 1873 – 1918
• Arijana Kolak Bošnjak: The Flip Side of Freedom. The Attitude towards Pro-Hungarians in Banal Croatia in 1848/49
• Engjell Likmeta: Some Reflections on the Delicts of the First Criminal Code of the Republic of Albania
• Marina Baratová: The Evolution of Russian Housing Law during the 20th Century
• Oleksandr Gavrylenko, Oksana Skryl: Legal Regulation of Civil Contracts in Ancient City-States of the Black Sea Northern Coast
Readers React:
• Andreas Raffeiner: Gedanken zum „Recht auf die Heimat“
Book reviews:• Allerlei Rechtsgeschichten - von Hammurabi bis zum Code civil. Ein Blick auf die Schriftenreihe des Rechtshistorischen Museums Karlsruhe
• Das ABGB im Spiegel der rechtshistorischen Literatur
• Guy Burak: The Second Formation of Islamic Law. The Hanafi School in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire
• Wilfried Hartman, Kenneth Pennington: The History of Byzantine and Eastern Canon Law to 1500
• Julian Lubini: Die Verwaltungsgerichtbarkeit in den Ländern der SBZ/DDR 1945 – 1952
• Gerhard Strejcek: Erlerntes Recht. Zur Ausbildung von Juristinnen und Juristen an der Wiener Universität 1365 – 2015
Categories: Comparative Law News

Juris Diversitas 4th Annual Conference: Updated Program

Juris Diversitas - Wed, 05/25/2016 - 16:39
Monday, May 30
8:45—9:15          Registration & Coffee 
9:15—9:30           PLENARY—OPENING & WELCOMING ADDRESS·         William R. Corbett, Interim Dean, Frank L. Maraist Professor of Law and Wex S. Malone Professor of Law, LSU Law Center·         Olivier Moréteau, Russell B. Long Chair, LSU Law Center, President of Juris Diversitas9:30—10:30        PLENARY—KEYNOTE  ·         The Problematic of Invisibility for Law in a Transnationalized World, Vivian Grosswald Curran, University of Pittsburgh (United States)
10:30—11:00     Break
11:00—12:30      PARALLEL SESSIONS I                  I.A          Remixing Legal Traditions
·         Canada’s Legal Traditions: Sources of Unification, Diversification or Inspiration?Rosalie Jukier, McGill University (Canada)·         Unity and Diversity in Legal History of the Commonwealth CaribbeanAsya Ostroukh, Cave Hill Campus of the University of the West Indies (Barbados)·         Rebuilding the Somali Legal System: Towards a New Mixed Jurisdictions?Salvatore Mancuso, University of Cape Town (South Africa)
I.B           Issues in Professional Liability: A Transnational Conversation

·         Unity and Diversity in European Product Liability LawÁdám Fuglinszky, Eötvös Loránd University (Hungary)·         Professional Liability in Civil Law and in Common LawDomitilla Vanni Di San Vincenzo, University of Palermo (Italy)·         Liability of Internet Service Providers for the Invasion of (Data) PrivacyUnity in Terminology, Diversity in ContentLukas Heckendorn, Swiss Institute of Comparative Law (Switzerland)
12:30—14:00     Lunch
14:00—15:30      PARALLEL SESSIONS II
II.A         The Struggle for Legal Identity
·         An Essay on Ideology and Legal Education in Tiny Jurisdictions: The Example of JerseyDavid Marrani, Institute of Law (Jersey)·         Albanian Civil Code — An Example of Unity and Diversity in the Civil Law FamilyJuliana Latifi, University of Tirana (Albania)·         Commerce, Commonality, and Contract Law: Legal Reform in a Mixed JurisdictionChristopher K. Odinet, Southern University (United States)
II.B         L’absence de modèle unique : l’uniformisation en question
·         Entre unité et diversité : la construction d’un droit des biens transsystémiqueYaëll Emerich, Université McGill (Canada)·         Harmoniser la diversité en droit des successions : oui mais avec précautionFrancesco Paolo Traisci, Università degli studi del Molise (Italy)
15:30—16:00      Break 
16:00—17:30      PARALLEL SESSIONS III
III.A        United in Diversity
·         Enantiosis and Comparative Law: The Case of Essentially Oxymoronic ConceptsRostam J. Neuwirth, University of Macau (Macau)·         Toxic Legal Thought Patterns: Cognitive Rhetoric Explains the Need for a Comparative Approach to Rhetoric in LawLucy Jewel, University of Tennessee (United States)·         Dworkin on Legal Unity and DiversityChristopher D. Boom, Tulane University (United States)
III.B        Societal and Legal Tensions in Africa
·         Mapping Traditional Authority Structures in a Post-Apartheid South Africa: Exploring the Status and Role of Traditional Authorities in a Decentralised Governance StructureChrista Rautenbach, North-West University (South Africa)·         Developments in Child Custody under Customary Law in Nigeria and South AfricaKagiso A. Maphalle, University of Cape Town (South Africa)·         Judicial Protection of Women’s Matrimonial Property Rights in NigeriaAnthony C. Diala, University of Cape Town (South Africa)

19:30                     Conference Dinner
Tuesday, May 31
9:15—10:30        PARALLEL SESSIONS IV
IV.A        Competition Worldwide: Legal Strategies and Challenges
·         International Fragmentation of Competition Law: The Actual and Expected Contribution of BRICS CountriesAlexandr Svetlicinii, University of Macau (Macau)·         Legal Diversity or Unity as a Product of Economic Strategies of Lawmakers under Regulatory CompetitionHugues Bouthinon-Dumas & Frédéric Marty, ESSEC Business School (Paris-Singapore) & GREDEG – CNRS / University of Nice Sophia Antipolis (France)
IV.B        Singular Voices in a Pluralistic Universe
·         Legal Transfers and National Traditions: Patterns of Modernization of the Public Administration in Polish Lands at the Turn of 18th and 19th CenturyMichał Gałędek, University of Gdańsk (Poland)·         Remedies for Trial Delay in Malta and Italy: a Laboratory for European Integration?David Edward Zammit & Caroline Savvidis, University of Malta (Malta)·         “United in One Body:” Can ‘Black Lives Matter’ be Rousseau’s ‘Best Friends,’ Fernin F. Eaton, Baton Rouge (United States)
10:30—11:00      Break 
11:00—12:30     PARALLEL SESSIONS V
V.A         La mondialisation et ses tensions
·         La fiducie québécoise : tensions et (r)évolutionCaroline Le Breton-Prévost, Université McGill (Canada)·         Mondialisation et droit de la concurrence : vers une bipolarisation autant qu’une harmonisation des règles de droit ?Anne M. Tercinet, EM Lyon Business School (France)·         Comment le juriste français projette sa vision du droit dans le contexte de la mondialisation : une affaire d’influence ?Olivier Moréteau, Louisiana State University (United States)
V.B         Diverse in Unity?
·         Anglophone and Civilian Convergence: The Question of Public Cultivation and LearningJoseph P. Garske, (United States)·         Global Legal Scholarship at Local LevelBianca Gardella Tedeschi, University of Eastern Piedmont Amedeo Avogadro (Italy)·         Good Faith, United in Diversity?Olivier Beddeleem, EDHEC Business School (France)
12:30—14:30     Lunch
14:30—16:00      PARALLEL SESSION VI
VI.A       Fashion Law: Comparing Top Models
·         On Fashion: Introductory RemarksSusy Inés Bello Knoll, Austral University (Argentina)·         Intellectual Property in Argentina, Latin America and USAPamela Echeverria, Fashion Law Institute (Argentina)·         Intellectual Property in France and the European UnionAlice Pezard, Conseiller honoraire à la Cour de cassation (France)
16:00—16:30     Break
17:30—18:00      Break
18:00—19:30      TUCKER LECTURE
·         The Proposed Organization of American States Model Law on Simplified Corporations: Perspectives and Challenges, Francisco Reyes, Chairman of UNCITRAL, Superintendent of Companies (Colombia)

19:30                     Reception
Wednesday, June 1
9:30—11:00        PARALLEL SESSIONS VII
VII.A      Beyond Universalism: Giving a Voice to the Unheard
·         The Emergence of Alternative Antidiscrimination Frameworks between Universality and DiversityRaphaële Xenidis, European University Institute of Florence (Italy)·         Beyond the Boundaries of Consensus: Comparative Law, Social Theory, and DissentDenis de Castro Halis, University of Macau (Macau)·         Periodic Review of Human Rights: Does One Size Fit All in the Pacific?Sue Farran, Northumbria University (United Kingdom)
VII.B      Revisiting Human Rights: What Room for Consensus and Dissent
·         Participation of Lay Citizens in the Criminal Trial in a Comparative PerspectiveThe Criminal Jury in France and BelgiumClaire M. Germain, University of Florida (United States)·         Human Rights in National versus International Criminal Justice: The Gravity of Crimes as a Legitimate Source of Legal Pluralism?Christophe Deprez, University of Liège (Belgium)
11:00—11:30      Break
·         Empires as Engines of Mixed Legal SystemsVernon V. Palmer, Tulane University (United States)·         DiscussionRobert Sloan, Louisiana State University (United States)·         ConclusionOlivier Moréteau, President of Juris Diversitas
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Der Friedensvertrag Georgs von Podiebrad von 1464 vor dem Hintergrund der spätmittelalterlichen Vertragspraxis" by Magda Schusterová (2016)

Magda Schusterová, Der Friedensvertrag Georgs von Podiebrad von 1464 vor dem Hintergrund der spätmittelalterlichen Vertragspraxis
all information here
start reading a preview of the book here

Der Friedensvertrag des böhmischen Königs Georg von Podiebrad (1458–1471) sucht eine Alternative zur bestehenden mittelalterlichen Ordo (respublica christiana) und bietet damit einen Ausblick auf die kommende weltliche Ordnung Europas. Gleichzeitig deutet der Friedensvertrag die Geburt des Völkerrechts an. Er vereint in sich zwei Aspekte – den eines Bündnisses und den eines Bundes. Grundlage der Podiebradschen Friedensliga und somit der Ausgestaltung der inter-europäischen Beziehungen sollte die Figur einer durch Schwur begründeten Korporation sein. Die Einzigartigkeit des Vertrages liegt aber nicht in der Schaffung von etwas völlig Neuem, sondern in der Zusammenführung vorgefundener Rechtstraditionen und Ideen. Er stellt dabei einen herausragenden Beleg für den Rechtspluralismus des Mittelalters dar.

Categories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: « Frontières », Journées anniversaires de l’EHESS – Droit et sciences sociales (Paris, June 3-4 2016)

WHAT « Frontières », Journées anniversaires de l’EHESS – Droit et sciences sociales
WHEN June 3-4 2016
WHERE EHESS, June 3: 190, Av. de France, salle 15 - June 4: 105, Bd. Raspail, salle 7&8

Quand la demande d’abolition des frontières se fait pressante, qu’elle vienne des pouvoirs économiques ou de la société civile, que de multiples frontières et murs se recréent dans toutes les régions du monde, que des guerres sont à la fois localisées et déterritorialisées, il paraît nécessaire de revenir aux origines, lorsque le concept n’existait pas encore, aux raisons d’être qui ont été avancées pour les constituer, aux fonctions qui leur sont dévolues. Nous le ferons en examinant d’emblée le sens de la revendication contemporaine de leur abolition. Munis de ce bagage, nous cheminerons, depuis la pluralité des concepts utilisés par les historiens grecs jusqu’au sillon de Romulus, fondateur pour la mythologie juridique. Le mot frontière s’imposa lentement pour acquérir son sens actuel, et sa représentation – un trait sur une carte qui crée dans le même temps, des espaces séparés et des zones d’échanges. En droit constitutionnel, ce trait délimite un territoire, où vit un peuple, éventuellement avec des minorités ou/et des peuples autochtones, peuple sur lequel s’exerce, ou cherche à s’exercer, un pouvoir souverain. De l’autre côté du trait s’exerce un autre pouvoir souverain. Il y a donc un rapport spécifique entre le trait abstrait, sa matérialisation par des postes-frontières, check-points, murailles, la surface à l’intérieur du trait et l’institutionnalisation de formes de pouvoir et de gouvernement impliquant une administration, une justice, une fiscalité, un drapeau, une ou des monnaies, etc. Ces traits peuvent être contestés – ce sont les conflits frontaliers, chauds ou froids, qui se règlent par la force ou par le droit –, déplacés – que ce soit par la force ou par accord entre les parties, renforcés par des murs, coordonnés avec d’autres lorsque se forme une entité régionale comme l’Union européenne. Sans ce rapport entre le trait, la surface, le peuple et un pouvoir de jurisdictio, une politique consentie est-elle possible ?
**     *
Vendredi 3 juin EHESS – 190 Av. de France 75013 ParisSalle 15
La question
♦ 9h-10h : Le problème juridique de la revendication d’abolition des frontièresOtto Pfersmann, Directeur d’études à l’EHESS 
Le mot « frontière » est utilisé dans la construction de multiples concepts et en vue de multiples finalités. Le concept juridique de frontière réfère au domaine spatial de validité d’un système de normes présentant des propriétés spécifiques ainsi que, plus étroitement, au domaine spatial de sanction (où la « sanction » réfère à l’obligation d’exercer un acte de contrainte en cas de violation d’une autre obligation). Si la « souveraineté » d’un système juridique n’a jamais existé juridiquement (bien qu’elle ait constitué un puissant mythe politique nationaliste) puisqu’elle implique un pouvoir normatif « absolu », alors qu’il a toujours été soumis à la normativité du système international (ou du droit des gens), la question de savoir s’il pourrait y avoir un partage ou une pluralité du domaine spatial de validité et du domaine spatial de sanction pose en effet un problème intéressant. On tâchera de montrer que si les rapports entre systèmes juridiques peuvent devenir de plus en plus complexes, l’exclusivité du domaine de sanction n’en est pas affectée. 

*Le trait, les mots, les gestes
Video, Francis Alys, The Green Line
♦ 10h-11h : Les frontières : définitions et problèmes chez les historiens Grecs d’Hérodote à Strabon.Suzanne Saïd, Professeur à Columbia 
Il est proposé une étude de la conception de la frontière (limite oros, et l’extrémité eskhatia) entre les peuples et les empires dans l’historiographie grecque.
* * *
Le sillon de Romulus
♦ 11h 15-12h 15 : Limites de l’imperium et exercice du pouvoir à Rome.Yann Rivière, Directeur d’études à l’EHESS
Rome, on le sait, a été fondée par Romulus à l’issue de l’accomplissement d’un rite : le tracé du pomerium. Selon la tradition, le franchissement de ce sillon sacré par son frère Rémus aurait conduit au meurtre immédiat de ce dernier. Quoi qu’il en soit de la légende, les Romains n’ont jamais dissocié les formes de l’exercice du pouvoir de leur inscription dans l’espace. Dans le domaine du droit criminel notamment la distinction entre l’exercice du commandement à l'intérieur du pomerium – dans l’espace civil désigné par le locatif domi – et à l’extérieur – en territoire militaire, militiae – a joué un rôle essentiel. L’histoire de la procédure capitale et de la limitation de la peine de mort à Rome repose sur cette opposition. Ce tracé est également le critère déterminant pour définir le pouvoir de commandement (imperium) et ses délégations éventuelles. La fin du régime républicain peut être envisagée sous différents angles, bien sûr, mais l’on peut considérer que la fin de la libertas coïncide avec l'extension illimitée de l’imperium du prince, sans aucune entrave territoriale. Le franchissement du Rubicon par César est la préfiguration illicite de la règle instaurée plus tard par Auguste. Sous couvert de restauration de la Res publica, le pouvoir devient « absolu » car il s’affranchit de toute détermination topographique. Comme l’énoncent les juristes « Rome se trouve là où est l'empereur ».
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♦ 14h-15h : Faire frontière au Moyen Orient.Mathieu Rey, Maître de conférences au Collège de France 
Alors que la nouvelle organisation de l’État islamique annonce la destruction des frontières, nécessairement coloniales, produites par les célèbres accords Sykes-Picot, ces lieux méritent plus que jamais d'être réinterrogés pour souligner le paradoxe d'une époque: après un long siècle de définition, une certaine territorialisation du politique se formait et commençait à faire sens pour les acteurs. La récente crise syrienne a déclenché de nouvelles dynamiques recomposant la relation des populations aux frontières. La présente communication reviendra successivement sur la formation des frontières syriennes au lendemain de la guerre, puis sur l'intériorisation et l'identification des populations à un territoire – mouvement culminant avec le déclenchement de l'insurrection de 2011 – pour enfin revenir sur les mutations les plus contemporaines autour d'une fragmentation du territoire en réseaux multiples de points de contrôle. 
Nature de l’objet de la délimitation
♦ 15h-16h : Modalités et portée juridiques de la détermination des frontières en fonction de la nature des espaces.Jean Combacau, Université Panthéon-Assas, Paris II 
Les exigences propres à la délimitation entre les différentes sortes d'espaces territoriaux selon leur nature matérielle (espaces terrestres, maritimes etc.) et juridique (espaces pleinement territoriaux, espaces hybrides) et selon qu'ils sont considérés en tant qu’« étendues » propres à l'exercice de pouvoirs in personam sur les activités de ceux qui s’y trouvent (le « chez-soi » de l’État territorial) ou en tant que « choses » ouvertes à des pouvoirs in rem commandant la condition du territoire lui-même et des biens qu’il inclut (son « à-soi »).

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La mer
♦ 16h15-17h30 : La mer, chose commune et espace libre  Elie Jarmache, Chargé de mission au secrétariat général de la mer
La mer, « chose commune », a toujours été un espace d’affrontement entre les logiques d’emprise, privée ou publique, et de liberté, liberté de navigation, de la pêche et du commerce. S’adaptant aux évolutions des techniques, le principe de liberté se décline désormais en liberté de poser des câbles et pipelines ou liberté de la recherche scientifique. Il est difficile de parler de frontières à propos de la mer, le terme de limites pouvant paraître plus exact. Mais les États étendent leurs droits exclusifs, développent les notions d’eaux intérieures et de mer territoriale, consacrent la notion de plateau continental, fut-il fictif, et de zone économique exclusive. L’époque contemporaine est marquée par un triple mouvement. D’un côté, dans un contexte de compétition pour les ressources naturelles, la stratégie d’accaparement entraîne un nombre élevé de demandes d’extension du plateau continental et de différends frontaliers relatifs à la délimitation des espaces maritimes. De l’autre, la Convention de Montego Bay a organisé la communautarisation des ressources minérales des grands fonds marins. Enfin, la perception des enjeux environnementaux s’inscrit dans des obligations de coopération, de gestion durable et de protection de l’environnement marin qui devraient être précisées, dans le futur, par la convention internationale sur les ressources biologiques marines au-delà des frontières nationales en cours de négociation sous les auspices des Nations-Unies.
La terre et les peuples
Partager la terre ou séparer les peuples
♦ 17h30-18h30 : Les crimes contre la paix et la sécurité de l’humanité comme « méthode » d’appropriation du territoireMuriel Ubéda-Saillard, Professeur de droit public à l’Université de Lille 2
Souvent considérés au regard des principes de coopération et de répression particuliers qu’ils justifient – notamment l’institution d’une justice pénale internationale, les crimes contre la paix et la sécurité de l’humanité peuvent être analysés au regard des modifications qu’ils engendrent dans la relation triangulaire qui unit un souverain, une population et un territoire.Selon le projet politique global au nom duquel ils sont commis, ces crimes permettront au pouvoir au nom duquel ils sont commis une appropriation du territoire de deux ordres. La guerre d’agression vise ainsi à étendre le lieu d’exercice du pouvoir, en annexant tout ou partie du territoire d’un autre État, parfois au nom d’une doctrine géopolitique formalisée (la théorie allemande de « l’espace vital », par exemple). Certaines pratiques constitutives des crimes contre l’humanité et du génocide (épuration ethnique et transfert forcé de population notamment), dès lors qu’elles visent de manière discriminatoire des groupes nationaux, ethniques ou religieux particuliers, entraîneront la recomposition de la population d’un territoire donné.
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Samedi 4 juin 2016 EHESS – 105 Bld. Raspail 75006 ParisSalles 7 & 8

L’eau douce
Comment les frontières s’imposent-elles dans la question de l’accès à l’eau et des usages de l’eau
♦ 9h30-10h15 : Frontières, accès à l’eau, usages de l’eauFrédérique Coulée, Professeure de droit public à l’Université d’Evry Val d’Essonne.
De longue date, les cours d’eau ont été utilisés pour délimiter les frontières entre États. Les différentes méthodes retenues (frontière à la rive, thalweg…) garantissent de manière variable l’accès à l’eau des États riverains et de leur population. Les aquifères transfrontières ont en revanche été largement ignorés lors des délimitations territoriales et la réglementation internationale les concernant en est à ses prémices. Aujourd’hui, la multiplication des usages de l’eau (consommations domestique et agricole, activités industrielles, barrages et détournements, …) et la raréfaction de la ressource peuvent générer des conflits qui dépassent la seule approche territoriale.
L’espace, chose commune et espace libre structuré en tant que de besoin
(corps célestes, orbite géostationnaire, gestion du spectre hertzien, vaisseaux, expériences à l’intérieur des vaisseaux, etc.)

♦ 10h15-11h30 : L’espace sera ce que nous en feronsJacques Arnould, Expert éthique au Centre national d’études spatiales
L’espace commence au-delà de notre atmosphère terrestre, à quelque cent kilomètres d’altitude ; mais où s’achève-t-il ? Ceux qui ont proposé de le déclarer bien ou patrimoine commun avaient probablement une telle conscience de cette singularité qu’ils ont voulu mettre ce domaine sous la responsabilité de l’humanité entière. Mais que deviennent ces frontières, techniques, juridiques et éthiques, lorsque l’exploitation de l’espace devient une revendication d’entrepreneurs privés ? L’espace d’hier s’arrêtera-t-il à la barrière de revendications pour demain ?

Categories: Comparative Law News

SYMPOSIUM: "Storie del diritto e altri racconti di Aldo Mazzacane" (Naples, May 25 2016)

WHAT Storie del diritto e altri racconti di Aldo Mazzacane. Giornata di studi in memoria di Aldo Mazzacane, Symposium
WHEN May, 25 2016, 15:00
WHERE University of Naples Federico II, Law Department, Aula Pessina, Corso Umberto I, 40, Naples
all information here
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK REVIEW: Dennis HORTMUTH in Sehepunkte 16 (2016), V (May) on Wolfgang BURGDORF (ed.), The Electoral Agreements of the Roman-German Kings and Emperors 1519-1792 (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2015, 884 p., ISBN 9783525360828, € 89,99) and...

(image source: Vandenhoek & Ruprecht)
Dennis Hortmuth reviews two books on German Early Modern constitutional history on Sehepunkte.de, both on the so-called "Wahlkapitulationen", or agreements concluded between the King of the Romans-elect or Emperor-elect and the members of the Empire.

First paragraph:
Wolfgang Burgdorf legt zwei miteinander eng verwobene Bücher zu den Wahlkapitulationen der römisch-deutschen Könige und Kaiser vor. Das erste Werk ist die monographische Edition aller Wahlkapitulationen von Karl V. 1519 bis zu Franz II. 1792, zusätzlich der projektierten beständigen Wahlkapitulation von 1711. Das zweite Werk beinhaltet seine analytischen Gedanken zur Reichsverfassung, wie sie sich aus den von ihm edierten Wahlkapitulationen ableiten lassen.Read further here.

More information on the publisher's website.
Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: British Legal History Conference 2017 - Networks and Connections (University College London, 5 Jul-8 Jul 2017); DEADLINE 26 AUG 2016

(image source: UCL)
The Legal History Blog announced the call for papers for next year's British Legal History Conference, to be held at University College London, from 5 to 8 July 2017.

Conference description:
In tracing the way that legal ideas emerge and expand, historians have become increasingly interested in exploring the way that networks are developed and connections made. Legal history is full of connections – between people and places, jurisdictions and ideas. The way that the law develops may be influenced by particular social, professional or political groups, or by wider national, imperial or transnational networks. The law may change direction because of new connections made, whether in the form of the transplantation of legal concepts from one forum to another, or in the form of the influence of new ways of thinking or acting. These connections or networks may be simple or complex, transitory or enduring, ad hoc or accidental. The aim of this conference is to explore the wide range of networks and connections which influence the development of law and legal ideas over time, in a variety of different scholarly contexts. We welcome proposals from historians interested in exploring these themes in all fields of legal history, whether doctrinal or contextual, domestic or transnational.Practical details:
Proposals concerning any epoch or part of the world are welcome and proposals from postgraduate and early career researchers are encouraged.

Proposals for papers (maximum 300 words) should be sent to blhc2017@ucl.ac.uk by 26 August 2016.Accomodation:
UCL is located in the heart of the Bloomsbury district in London and is surrounded by a wealth of accommodation to suit all budgets.
Some local hotels, all within walking distance of the venue are:
UCL Residences:UCL has a number of student residences into which visitors can book accommodation. Ian Baker House and Ramsay Hall are all within a 5 minute walking distance to the venue. Please see information on the Residences website at:
https://www.ucl.ac.uk/residencesHostels:There are a number of decent hostels local to the venue:
 Conference organisers:
Dr Ian Williams, Faculty of Laws, UCL
Professor Michael Lobban, LSE LawMore information on the conference website.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK CHAPTER: Malgosia FITZMAURICE, "History of Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice", in: S. BESSON (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Sources of International Law (forthcoming)

 (image source: holland.com)
International Law Reporter signalled the publication of Malgosia Fitzmaurice (Queen Mary)'s chapter on the history of article 38 of the International Court of Justice's Statute in the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of Sources of International Law (S. Besson, ed.).

This contribution to the Handbook presents and analyses history of Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice (the ‘ICJ’ or the ‘Court’). History of Article 38 is the starting point leading to reflections on how as it stands at present. Therefore, the main theme of this Chapter is to look at sources of international law through prism of their historical development. Such an approach also includes contenders to ‘new’ sources (acts of international organisations, unilateral acts of States, soft law) which have emerged long after the twelve ‘wise men’ (at times ‘angry twelve men’) of the Committee of Jurists have completed their task of drafting of this Article.More information on SSRN.
Categories: Comparative Law News

OPEN ACCESS BOOK REVIEWS (Zeitschrift für Historische Forschung 2015/3, Hémecht 2016/1)

 (image source: recensio.net)
Recently, a lot of interesting open access book reviews have been published on recensio.net:

Cordelia Beattie / Matthew F. Stevens (Hg.): Married Women and the Law in Premodern Northwest Europe, 2013 (Gabriela Signori, in: Zeitschrift für Historische Forschung (ZHF), 42 (2015), 3), click here.

Peter Eich / Sebastian Schmidt-Hofner / Christian Wieland (Hg.): Der wiederkehrende Leviathan. Staatlichkeit und Staatswerdung in Spätantike und Früher Neuzeit, 2011 (Peter Nitschke, in: Zeitschrift für Historische Forschung (ZHF), 42 (2015), 3, click here

Guido Braun / Arno Strohmeyer (Hg.): Frieden und Friedenssicherung in der Frühen Neuzeit. Das Heilige Römische Reich und Europa, 2013 (Anuschka Tischer, in: Zeitschrift für Historische Forschung (ZHF), 42 (2015), 3), click here.

Markus Kremer (Hg.): Francisco Suárez: De pace – De bello / Über den Frieden – Über den Krieg, 2013 (Nils Jansen, in: Zeitschrift für Historische Forschung (ZHF), 42 (2015), 3), click here.

Sophie Cornet: La justice pénale en Terre de Mirwart (1593-1629), 2015, (Sonja Kmec, in: Hémecht, 2016, 01), click here.
Categories: Comparative Law News

ASLH Student Research Colloquium (SRC), Toronto, 26-27 Oct 2016 (DEADLINE 15 Jul 2016)à

 (image source: ASLH)
The American Society for Legal History will host a Student Research Colloquium (SRC) on Wednesday, October 26, and Thursday, October 27, 2016, immediately preceding the ASLH’s annual meeting in Toronto, Canada.  The SRC offers a small group of graduate and law students an opportunity to work on their in-progress dissertations and law review articles with distinguished ASLH-affiliated scholars. 

The SRC’s target audience includes early post-coursework graduate students and law students interested in legal history.  The SRC seeks to introduce such students to the ASLH and to legal history communities more generally.  Students working in all chronological and geographical fields are encouraged to apply, as are students whose projects engage legal-historical themes but who have not received any formal training in legal history.  Applicants who have not had an opportunity to present their work at ASLH annual meetings or who have otherwise not had an opportunity to discuss their work with legal historians are particularly encouraged to apply. A student may be on the program for the annual meeting and participate in the SRC in the same year.
Each participating student will pre-circulate a twenty-page, double-spaced paper to the entire group.  These papers will provide the foundation for discussion at the colloquium.  The ASLH will provide at least partial and, in most cases, complete reimbursement for travel, hotel, and conference registration costs. 

To apply to the ASLH’s Student Research Colloquium, please submit:
•    a cover letter;
•    a CV;
•    a letter of recommendation from a faculty mentor/advisor;
•    a two-page, single-spaced “research statement,” describing an in-progress dissertation or law review article.

The application deadline is July 15, 2016.  Organizers will notify all applicants of their decisions by August 15, 2016.  Please direct questions and applications to John Wertheimer at the following e-mail address:  srcproposals@aslh.net.

Categories: Comparative Law News

LECTURE: Herve Leuwers (Lille-III) on his Robespierre (Paris: Fayard, 2014, 472 p. ISBN 9782213671567, € 25)

(image source: Fayard)
Prof. Hervé Leuwers (Lille-III) will give a talk in Brussels on 2 June on Robespierre, un juriste en politique, his biography of the seminal French lawyer and politician of the Revolution.

He will act as the guest of Standen en Landen/Anciens Pays et Assemblées d'États. More information on their website.

RSVP by 26 May 2016 on standenenlanden@gmail.com.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Emmanuelle TOURME-JOUANNET, Laurence BURGOGUE-LARSEN, Horatia MUIR WATT, Hélène RUIZ FABRI (dir.), Féminisme(s) et droit international. Études du réseau Olympe [Collection de l'Institut des sciences juridique et philosophique de la Sorbonne]....

(image source: Multipol
The Société de législation comparée published a collective work on feminism and (the history of) international law.

Féminisme(s) et droit international. Études du réseau Olympe est le premier ouvrage issu du programme de recherche du réseau Olympe d’études francophones féministes et de genre en droit international. Créé en 2014, ce programme a pour buts premiers de faire connaître les approches féministes du droit international, historiquement développées en langue anglaise, et d’y contribuer en français par divers projets de recherche, en sus de fournir une plateforme institutionnelle de mise en réseau des chercheuses et chercheurs intéressé-e-s. Recueil collectif, Féminisme(s) et droit international. Études du réseau Olympe réunit ainsi les contributions de 19 chercheuses et chercheurs dans le domaine et offre un salutaire premier panorama de l’état des recherches féministes sur le droit international en français.
Table of contents:
Emmanuelle Tourme Jouannet, Laurence Burgorgue-Larsen, Hélène Ruiz Fabri, Bérénice K. Schramm, Ouverture Bérénice K. Schramm, (Re)voir Phryné devant l’aréopage de Jean-Léon Gérôme (1861)  Oriane-Jill Aoust, Droits des femmes et sphère privée en Afrique : le constat d’une défaillance des instruments régionaux africains Charalambos Apostolidis, Le marxisme et la cause féminine Rémi Bachand, Les apports de la théorie féministe du positionnement dans une théorie (critique) du droit (international) Laurence Burgorgue-Larsen, La lutte contre la « violence de genre » dans le système interaméricain de protection des droits de l’homme. Décodage d’une évolution politique et juridique d’envergure Anne-Marie D’Aoust et Anne Saris, Femmes, genre et sécurité en relations internationales et en droit international : un dialogue en construction Martin Gallié et Maxine Visotzky-Charlebois, Le droit des femmes tel qu’il a été enseigné par les Pères fondateurs du droit international public et leurs héritiers. Notes de lecture sur les ouvrages et les manuels du XVIe au XXIe siècle Dominique Gaurier, Quelle place faite aux femmes dans l’ordre international de l’Antiquité et du début de l’époque moderne Stéphanie Hennette-Vauchez et Diane Roman, Du sexe au genre : le corps des femmes en droit international Dzovinar Kévonian, L’histoire des femmes juristes en France jusqu’aux années 1960 : état des lieux et sources de recherche Anne Lagerwall, La prostitution, le port du voile et l’avortement devant la Cour européenne des droits de l’Homme : une affaire de femmes ? Isabelle Masson, (Re)penser les relations constitutives de la gouvernance néolibérale : quelques pistes de réflexion féministes pour les relations internationales et le droit international Frédéric Mégret, Féminisme et droit international : le « féminisme de gouvernance » à l’épreuve du « féminisme critique » Anne-Sophie Tabau, Féminismes et droit international de l’environnement Emmanuelle Tourme Jouannet, Les différentes étapes pour la reconnaissance des droits des femmes. Droits des femmes et droit international de la reconnaissance Anne-Charlotte Martineau, Odysée d’une toubabou
(source: Multipol)
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK REVIEW: Joshua Schröder on Richard S. KAY, The Glorious Revolution and the Continuity of Law, Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 2014, XI + 304 p. $ 59,95, ISBN 9780813226873

(image source: CUA press)

Joshua Schroeder (University of Buffalo, SUNY) reviewed Richard S. Kay's The Glorious Revolution and the Continuity of Law (Catholic University of America Press, 2014). for H-War.

First paragraph:
The Glorious Revolution and the Continuity of Law by Richard S. Kay applies a legal perspective onto the Glorious Revolution. Like many major historical events, the Revolution of 1688 has received so much scholarly attention that one may wonder how somebody could offer a truly fresh perspective. However, as Kay seems well aware, the Glorious Revolution does not lend itself easily to categorization. Was the Glorious Revolution even a revolution? Should it be understood as its own event or merely the final chapter in the seventeenth-century English conflict with the Stuarts? Was it primarily a religious or political event? Kay argues that a legal analysis of the Glorious Revolution can provide the best perspective on answering these questions. He deftly weaves a discussion of all of these topics within his answer to the central question of his book: how did the revolutionaries reconcile their stated goal of preserving the English Constitution with the blatantly illegal deposition of one king and installment of another? His simple answer, they “faked” it, should not hurt appreciation for his thorough and careful analysis of the legal arguments made by the proponents and some detractors of the revolution (p. 17).Read the full review here.
Categories: Comparative Law News

EXHIBITION: "What Not to Wear: Fashion and the Law" (Harvard Law School Library, through August 12, 2016)

WHAT What Not to Wear: Fashion and the Law, exhibition

WHEN through August 12, 2016, 9:00-5:00

WHERE Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University

all information here

Though law and fashion may not initially seem like overlapping domains, given the central nature of each of these fields it is no surprise that they do have an impact on one another. Over the years, fashion has been important to decisions about how jurists visually demonstrate their expertise and law has served to circumscribe how fashion is created, distributed, and consumed.This exhibit looks at some of these intersections of fashion and the law from historic laws setting strict class distinctions for fashion to modern intellectual property law’s approach to protecting those who design and create fashion. What Not to Wear: Fashion and the Law, curated by Mindy Kent, Meg Kribble, and Carli Spina, is on view in the HLS Library Caspersen Room daily 9am-5pm through August 12, 2016.
Categories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: "Law and History Review", 34:2 (May 2016)

Law and History Review 34:2 (May 2016)
all information here
Table of Contents

John Stuart Mill and the Contagious 
Diseases Acts: Whose Law? Whose 
Liberty? Whose Greater Good?’ by 
Jim Jose, Kcasey McLoughlinLegal fictions are often used to lubricate the machinery of jurisprudence. One of these is the idea that laws created to restrict the liberty of some individuals or class of individuals in order to protect the public good are in effect outcomes of tradeoffs between abstract universals, namely liberty and the public good. A three way relationship is imagined in which law, liberty, and the public good are in creative tension. The role of the law in this three way tension is further imagined to be the mediator where it serves to calibrate this tension in ways that are also assumed to legitimate the intended outcomes in practice. In particular, where the outcome is the prevention of harm, then laws that curtail liberty must be seen not just as measures for the public good, but rather as necessitated by the potential effects of the very harm itself. The justification for this view is often traced back to the views of nineteenth century political philosopher John Stuart Mill, who famously expressed this in terms that have become known as the “harm principle”; specifically that “the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others.”

“Under Two Jurisdictions”: Immigration, Citizenship, and Self-Governance in Cross-Border Community Relocations, by Jane McAdam
The governments of Kiribati and Fiji “should make every effort to minimise the difficulties of and inconveniences to this community which finds itself under two jurisdictions.”  Our younger generation have been taught that they also have another home. There are still two homes. That's their roots. That's where they belong.
“Once the Jews have been Expelled”: Intent and Interpretation in Late Medieval Canon Law, by Rowan W. Dorin
Sometime in early 1434, two northern Italian counts, Francesco Pico della Mirandola and his brother Giovanni, sent a letter to Pope Eugene IV (r. 1431–47). Out of concern for their subjects, who had long suffered from a shortage of credit, Francesco and Giovanni had allowed some Jews to settle in their lands and lend at interest. In addition, the brothers had rented a house to these Jews for the purpose of moneylending. At the time, the noblemen stressed, they had not believed their actions to be unlawful. They had since come to fear, however, that they had inadvertently brought automatic excommunication upon themselves by violating the provisions of Usurarum voraginem, a decree first issued at the Second Council of Lyon in 1274 that called on secular and religious authorities to refuse lodging to foreign usurers and, in addition, to expel such usurers from their lands. The brothers' uncertainty, the petition noted, reflected the varied opinions of contemporary jurists (presumably those at Bologna, a mere 60 kilometers away), who disagreed on whether the decree was to be understood in reference to Jewish as well as Christian moneylenders. Deciding to err on the side of caution, the brothers petitioned the Holy Father to grant them absolution, if they had indeed incurred ecclesiastical censure through their actions. In addition, they asked to be granted a dispensation allowing the Jews to remain in their lands, so as to spare their subjects from even greater economic misfortune.
Israel's 1967 Governmental Debate about the Annexation of East Jerusalem: The Nascent Alliance with the United States, Overshadowed by “United Jerusalem,” by Ofra Friesel
The main position of modern international law prohibits the annexation of occupied territory. Israel, however, like Jordan two decades earlier, annexed East Jerusalem after its occupation in June 1967, and applied its national laws there. Although the legality of the Israeli move according to international law has been debated extensively ever since, the fact that in doing so Israel chose to act contrary to expressed American objections to this move has not been thoroughly examined, however. This research focuses on the Israeli governmental deliberations and eventual decision to annex East Jerusalem, against the backdrop of the early days of the emergence of a hesitant Israeli–American alliance following the 1967 War. Through an analysis of Israeli government meeting protocols, now released to the public, together with American and United Nations sources and existing scholarship, I aim to uncover what weight the United States objection to Israeli annexation of East Jerusalem held in the Israeli government's deliberations concerning whether or not to annex it.
International Criminal Law's Millennium of Forgotten History, by Ziv Bohrer
At the close of World War II (WWII), Winston Churchill suggested summarily executing the remaining Nazi leadership. Franklin Delano Roosevelt disagreed, insisting on prosecuting them in an international military tribunal. This is considered the “birth” of International Criminal Law (ICL), following a consensus that “[t]he Nazi atrocities gave rise to the idea that some crimes are so grave as to concern the international community as a whole.” A few earlier instances of penal action against violators of the laws of war are acknowledged, but they are dismissed as unrelated to current ICL, because (presumably) these cases are sporadic domestic legal actions that lack a common doctrine.
The Custody Crucible: The Development of Scientific Authority About Gay and Lesbian Parents, by Marie-Amélie George
In 1974, gay father Bruce Voeller sought visitation with his three children after divorcing his wife. The New Jersey family court held a six day trial that centered on expert witness testimony as to whether Voeller's homosexuality would be detrimental to his children. Drs. Richard Green and John Money testified on Voeller's behalf, whereas Voeller's ex-wife called Dr. Richard Gardner, who concluded that “‘the total environment to which the father exposed the children could impede healthy sexual development in the future.’” In his opinion, which imposed strict limitations on visitation, the judge focused on the opposition within the American Psychiatric Association (APA) over the decision to declassify homosexuality as a mental illness, reasoning that psychiatrists' inability to agree on how to define or classify homosexuality indicated that it was impossible to know what effect Voeller's homosexuality would have on his children. The court consequently concluded that the medical controversy, combined with “the immutable effects which are engendered by the parent-child relationship, demands that the court be most hesitant in allowing any unnecessary exposure of a child to an environment which may be deleterious.” The court imposed visitation restrictions to prevent the children from being in “any homosexual related activities,” which included prohibiting Voeller from ever introducing his partner to the children.Reviews

Barbara Stollberg-Rilinger, trans. Thomas Dunlap, The Emperor's Old Clothes: Constitutional History and the Symbolic Language of the Holy Roman Empire, New York: Berghahn Books, 2015. Pp. 332. $125.00 cloth (ISBN 9781782388050).
Sara Ludin

Thomas G.W. Telfer, Ruin and Redemption: The Struggle for a Canadian Bankruptcy Law, 1867–1919, Toronto: University of Toronto Press/The Osgoode Society for Canadian Legal History, 2014. Pp. 297. $75.00 (ISBN 978-0-8020-9343-1)
Charles J. Tabb

Joseph M. Gabriel, Medical Monopoly: Intellectual Property Rights and the Origins of the Modern Pharmaceutical Industry, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2014. Pp. 328.  30.00 e-book (ISBN 9780226108216).
Kara W. Swanson

J. Shoshanna Ehrlich, Regulating Desire: From the Virtuous Maiden to the Purity Princess, New York: SUNY Press, 2014. Pp. 213. $80.00 (ISBN 13: 978-1-4384-5305-7).
Maya Manian

Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Legal Codes and Talking Trees. Indigenous Women’s Sovereignty in the Sonoran and Puget Sound Borderlands, 1854-1946" by Katrina Jagodinsky (2016)

Legal Codes and Talking Trees. Indigenous Women’s Sovereignty in the Sonoran and Puget Sound Borderlands, 1854-1946, by Katrina Jagodinsky

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Katrina Jagodinsky’s enlightening history is the first to focus on indigenous women of the Southwest and Pacific Northwest and the ways they dealt with the challenges posed by the existing legal regimes of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. In most western states, it was difficult if not impossible for Native women to inherit property, raise mixed-race children, or take legal action in the event of rape or abuse. Through the experiences of six indigenous women who fought for personal autonomy and the rights of their tribes, Jagodinsky explores a long yet generally unacknowledged tradition of active critique of the U.S. legal system by female Native Americans.Katrina Jagodinsky is assistant professor of history at the University of Nebraska and a former fellow of the Clements Center for Southwest Studies at SMU. She lives in Lincoln, NE.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Chinese Law in Imperial Eyes: Sovereignty, Justice, and Transcultural Politics" by Li Chen (2016)

Chinese Law in Imperial Eyes: Sovereignty, Justice, and Transcultural Politics, by Li Chen (University of Toronto)
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How did American schoolchildren, French philosophers, Russian Sinologists, Dutch merchants, and British lawyers imagine China and Chinese law? What happened when agents of presumably dominant Western empires had to endure the humiliations and anxieties of maintaining a profitable but precarious relationship with China? In Chinese Law in Imperial Eyes, Li Chen provides a richly textured analysis of these related issues and their intersection with law, culture, and politics in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Using a wide array of sources, Chen's study focuses on the power dynamics of Sino-Western relations during the formative century before the First Opium War (1839-1842). He highlights the centrality of law to modern imperial ideology and politics and brings new insight to the origins of comparative Chinese law in the West, the First Opium War, and foreign extraterritoriality in China. The shifting balance of economic and political power formed and transformed knowledge of China and Chinese law in different contact zones. Chen argues that recovering the variegated and contradictory roles of Chinese law in Western "modernization" helps provincialize the subsequent Euro-Americentric discourse of global modernity. Chen draws attention to important yet underanalyzed sites in which imperial sovereignty, national identity, cultural tradition, or international law and order were defined and restructured. His valuable case studies show how constructed differences between societies were hardened into cultural or racial boundaries and then politicized to rationalize international conflicts and hierarchy.

Categories: Comparative Law News