Comparative Law News

BOOK: Harwell I. WELLS and James E. BEASLEY, eds., Research Handbook on the History of Corporate and Company Law [Research Handbooks in Corporate Law and Governance Series] (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018). ISBN 978 1 78471 765 0, $261.00



(Source: Edward Elgar Publishing)
Edward Elgar Publishing has recently published a research handbook on the history of Corporate and Company law
INFORMATION
Today, the corporation plays a dominant role in economics, politics, and societies across the globe. Understanding the corporation means understanding its legal framework but until recently, the origins and evolution of corporate law have received relatively little attention. This Handbook sheds new light on the historical development of both the corporation and business organization law.This extensive collection brings together contributions from an array of international academics to provide the first wide-ranging history of the laws of corporations and business organizations from ancient to modern times. The contributors offer a global exploration of the development of corporation and company law, moving beyond the United States and Western Europe to present studies in Mexico, India and China, as well as addressing the trajectory of scholarly debate. Not only do the contributions examine the growth of the law of public corporation, they also address the development of laws governing other business forms.This Handbook will prove an invaluable resource for corporation law and business scholars, as well as business and legal historians and economists.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Contents:

Introduction
Harwell Wells

Part I Taking Shape
1. Islamic Law and Economic Development
Jared Rubin

2. Business Organizations in India Prior to the British East India Company
Vikramaditya Khanna

3. Business Organization and Organizational Innovation in Late Medieval Italy
Yadira González de Lara

4. Trading with Strangers: The Corporate Form in the Move from Municipal Governance to Overseas Trade
Ron Harris

Part II Modern Europe
5. The Development of English Company Law before 1900
John D. Turner

6. Shareholder Primacy, Labour, and the Historic Ambivalence of UK Company Law
Marc T. Moore

7. German Company Law 1794-1897
Timothy W. Guinnane

8. German Corporate Law in the 20th Century
Thilo Kuntz

9. Change for Continuity: The Making of the Société Anonyme in nineteenth Century France
Jean Rochat

10. Classes of Shares and Voting Rights in the History of Italian Corporate Law
Giulio Sandrelli and Marco Ventoruzzo

11. A History of the Corporation in Spain in the Twentieth Century: Towards Europe
Susana Martínez-Rodríguez

12. EU Company Law Harmonization Between Convergence and Varieties of Capitalism
Martin Gelter

Part III Asia
13. Corporation Law in Late Imperial China
Teemu Ruskola

14. The Stakeholder Approach to Corporate Law: A Historical Perspective from India
Umakanth Varottil

15. Japanese Corporate Law and Corporate Governance in Historical Perspective
Bruce Aronson

Part IV North America
16. The Evolution of Mexican Mercantile and Corporate Laws
Aurora Gomez-Galvarriato and Gustavo A. Del Angel

17. A History of Canadian Corporate Law: A Divergent Path from the American Model?
Fenner L. Stewart

18. For- and Non-profit Special Corporations in America, 1608-1860
Robert E. Wright

19. Legitimating Power: A Brief History of Modern U.S. Corporate Law
Dalia T. Mitchell

20. Adolf Berle, E. Merrick Dodd and the New American Corporatism of 1932
William W. Bratton and Michael L. Wachter

21. Corporate Law and the History of Corporate Social Responsibility
Lyman Johnson

22. Evolutionary Models of Corporate Law
Amitai Aviram

Index

More information on the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: Exhibition “Law Books Bright and Beautiful” (Yale University, February 26-June 1, 2018)


(Source: Yale University)
We have the following notice regarding an exhibition of some of Yale Law’s “Rare Books” collection:
New exhibit: "Law Books Bright and Beautiful"February 28, 2018Although law books may not be known for their beauty, two dozen lovely exceptions are on display in the Lillian Goldman Law Library. “Law Books Bright and Beautiful: Examples from the Yale Law Library Collection” is on display February 26 - June 1, 2018, in the Rare Book Exhibition Gallery, located on Level L2 of the Yale Law School (127 Wall Street, New Haven CT). The exhibition was curated by Rare Book Librarian Mike Widener. He selected the books for the beauty of their typography, decoration, or overall design.The volumes range from a 13th-century illuminated manuscript to modern fine press books on famous American trials. Other volumes include the mining laws of New Spain (1783), the statutes of Verona (1475), and a stunning book of French customary law (1540) printed on parchment with initials in gold leaf. Three of the books were chosen for their colorful endpapers. Images from the exhibition are being uploaded to an album on the Rare Book Collection’s Flickr site, “Law Books Bright and Beautiful(link is external).” Images from other beautiful law books will be added as time allows. “Law Books Bright and Beautiful” is the latest in a series of exhibitions aimed at promoting the study of law books as objects. It follows two exhibitions dedicated to illustrations in law books. Bindings will be showcased in an upcoming exhibition.For more information, contact Mike Widener, Rare Book Librarian, email <mike.widener@yale.edu(link sends e-mail)> or phone (203) 432-4494.
More information to be found on the Yale Law Library website.
Categories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: Beyond Harvard: Transplanting Legal Education (Osgoode Hall Law School, Toronto; 5-6 June 2018)


(Source: University of Tasmania)
We have the following announcement for a conference on the role of US legal education in law schools, law and lawyering across the 20th century.
ABOUT
The UTAS Law Faculty, along with the American Society for Legal History and Osgoode Hall Law School, is pleased to support an upcoming symposium to critically examine the role US legal education has played in law schools, law and lawyering across the 20th century.
In addition to providing rich historical insights, the symposium will speak directly to some of the inherited and global challenges of curriculum design and pedagogy confronting law schools today. By presenting the contingency of dominant influences and highlighting comparative experiences, the symposium should stimulate ideas for reforming legal education.
The symposium brings together legal scholars who share an interest in the history of legal education, legal transplants and US legal theory.  Presenters will speak on the history of US transplants in: China, Japan, Israel, the Philippines, Nigeria, Ghana, France, Sweden, Estonia, England, Australia and Canada.  In addition one paper will examine attempts to use US models to create programs to educate global lawyers.
PROVISIONAL PROGRAM
Day 1 Tuesday 5 June
AM8 Breakfast and Registration9 Welcome Message9.15 Introduction to the symposium and ‘Beyond Harvard’ project, Susan Bartie and David Sandomierski9.20 Examining Legal Education through the Lens of National and US Politics (Session 1: Ghana, China and Estonia)·       John Harrington and Ambreena Manji, ‘Pericles and the Professors’: Legal Education and Cold War Politics in Ghana 1956-1966·       Jedidiah J Kroncke, Refractions of Legal Pedagogy in Sino-American Relations·       Merike Ristikivi, Irene Kull & Aleksei Kelli, Transplants in Legal Education in Estonia10.50 Coffee Break11.10 Surprising Transplants – US Models Flourishing in Unlikely Places (Session 2: Canada, France and Sweden)·       Philip Girard, American Influences, Canadian Realities: How “American” is Canadian Legal Education?·       Jean-Louis Halperin, Legal Education in France Turns to the Harvard Model·       Model Kjell Å Modéer, The Turn to the West: American Legal Education and Educational Reforms in the Swedish Welfare-State 1950 – 2000PM12.40 Lunch1.40 National and Foreign Tensions and Hybrids (Session 3: Philippines, Nigeria and Japan)·       Emily Sanchez Salcedo, Socratic Method Philippine Style: To Unhave or Uphold?·       Josephine J Dawuni & Rebecca E Badejogbin, Internationalization, Domestication and the Transformation of Legal Education in Nigeria: 1962-2016·       Yoshiharu Matsuura, American Socratic Method in the Context of New Japanese Professional Law Schools3:10 Break3:25 Re-Examining the Extent of the Influence (Session 4: England, Australia and Canada)·       David Sugarman, A Special Relationship? American Influences on English Legal Education, 1870-1965·       Susan Bartie, “Look Over There” – US Distractions in Australian Legal Education·       David Sandomierski, Rise and Fall of US Legal Process Ideas in Two Canadian Law Faculties4.55 End of day 1 presentationsReception (offsite; Location TBD)
Day 2 Wednesday 6 June
AM8:45 Breakfast9:30 Educational Transplants and the Americanisation of Law (Session 5: Israel, Global)·       Pnina Lahav, American Moment[s]: When, How, and Why Did Israeli Law Faculties Come to Resemble Elite US Law Schools?·       José Garcez Ghirardi, Legal Teaching and the Reconceptualizing of the State: Discussing Global Law Programs10.30 Coffee Break10:45 Synthesis and CommentaryStudent rapporteurs provide summaries of synthetic themesRobert Gordon and Susan Carle provide critical and reflective commentary fromUS perspective.PM12 Lunch1 Next Steps & Videography SessionPresenters and Attendees assemble as a plenary to discuss future questions fordeliberation (facilitated by Susan Bartie and David Sandomierski). Videographerrecords profiles with presenters, commentators, and attendees (concurrently)2.30 End of Symposium
For more information, see the following announcement on the website of the University of Tasmania

Categories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: Voices in the Legal Archives in the French Atlantic (North Hatley Québec, 28-30 May 2018)


(Source: Voices in the Legal Archives in the French Atlantic)
Please hereby find the following announcement for a conference on the French Atlantic and the “new legal history”, to be held in Canada coming May.
ABOUT
The central aim of this conference is to draw together a dynamic group of international scholars from France, Canada, and the United States whose work stands at the interface of two emerging sub-disciplines: the history of the French Atlantic and the “new legal history” whose central vector insists on shifting the focus of the field beyond legal structures and frameworks, towards an understanding of how law was actively shaped and applied through the lives and experiences of ordinary men and women. By uncovering and identifying the “voices” of slaves, indentured servants, artisans, aboriginal people, women entrepreneurs, peasants, merchants, planter elites and government officials, we intend to provide a richer understanding of the ways in which French law was understood and integrated into the lives of ordinary people involved in the 18th century colonial enterprise. We hope, therefore, to open up new scholarly conversations which seek to reimagine the French colonial world as less the product of metropolitan initiatives than a process shaped by a multiplicity of actors.
PRELIMINARY PROGRAMME
Monday, May 28
4:00 p.m.: Pick-up at Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport, Montreal, 4 p.m.6:00-6:30 p.m.: Registration, Tap Room, 6:00-6:30 p.m.6:30-8:30 p.m.: Dinner at Manoir Hovey, Tap Room8:00-8:30 p.m.: Welcome and opening remarks8:15-9:30 p.m. Abenaki Hall: Keynote address, Professor Julie Hardwick (University of Texas-Austin), “Edicts, Archives, and Grassroots Voices: or how landladies, mendicant friars and young intimate partners reconfigure narratives of state formation and religious reformation in Old Regime Cities”
May 29, 2018
8:00 a.m.-9:00 a.m. Breakfast, Tap RoomRegistration 8:30-9:00 a.m. Tap RoomN.B. All sessions will be held in Abenaki Hall9:00 a.m. -10:30 a.m.: Session 1 – Women, the Economy and the LawChair: Cornelia Dayton (University of Connecticut)Laurie Wood (Florida State University)“’It’s not easy to get paid in this country’: women in the courts of Martinique”Dominique Deslandres (Université de Montréal)“Les Catins de Montréal ou le genre au Tribunals du Roi aux XVIIIe siècle”Nancy Christie (University of Western Ontario)“’From this Common Collaboration’: Married Women and Legal Hybridity in Quebec”10:30 a.m. – 10:45 a.m.: Coffee break10:45 a.m.-12:45 p.m.: Session 2 – Rethinking the Agency of Racialized PeoplesChair: Jean-Pierre LeGlaunec (Université de Sherbrooke)Eric Wenzel (Université d’Avignon)“The Voice of the Litigant, the Voice of the Spokesman? The role of Interpreters in Trials in Canada under the French Regime, 17th to 18th Centuries”Sophie White (University of Notre Dame)“Voices of Native Women in the French Colonial Justice SystemJennifer Palmer (University of Georgia)“‘She persisted in her revolt’:  Between Slavery and Freedom in Saint-DomingueEric De Mari (Université de Montpellier)“Voix de kanaks, voix de bagnards: d’un océan à l’autre (Nouvelle-Calédonie, Guyane française)Lunch 12:45 p.m. – 1:45 p.m.: Tap Room1:45 p.m.-3:15 p.m.:  Sovereignty and Property in the French AtlanticChair: Michael Gauvreau (McMaster University)Matthew Gerber (University of Colorado, Boulder)“Between Personal Property and Real Estate: The Ambiguous Status of Slaves in the Early Modern French Atlantic”Heather Freund (University of Illinois – Urbana)“Legal Pluralism and Inheritance on Grenada after the Seven Years’ War”Sue Peabody (Washington State University)“Slaves as Witnesses, Slaves as Evidence: French and British Prosecution of the Slave Trade in the Indian Ocean”3:15 p.m.-3:30 p.m.: Coffee Break3:30 p.m.- 5:00 p.m.: Session 4: Litigating Whiteness in Saint-DomingueChair: David Gilles (Université de Sherbrooke)Meredith Gaffield (Johns Hopkins University)“Work, Whiteness, and Legal Practices in Pre-Revolutionary St. Domingue”Paul Cheney (University of Chicago)“Noble Pride and Creole Gold: Elite Conflict in Eighteenth-Century St. Domingue”Marie Houllemare (Université de Picardie – Jules Verne)“Troubled Minds:  Interrogations of Mad People before their Legal Interdiction, Saint-Domingue, 18th Century”.5:30 p.m.-6:30 p.m.: Wine and Cheese Reception, Tap RoomSponsored by the Omonhudro Institute of Early American History and Culture6:30 p.m.-9:00 p.m.: Dinner, Restaurant Le Hatley
May 30, 2018
8:00 p.m.-9:00 p.m: Breakfast Tap Room9:00 a.m-10:30 a.m.: Session 5 – The Many Legalities of ServitudeChair: Ollivier Hubert (Université de Montréal)Malick Ghachem (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)“Controlling Haitian History: The Legal Arsenal of Moreau de Saint-Méry”Arnaud Bessière (Université Laurentienne)“Les domestiques face aux édiles au Canada sous le régime français : une justice conciliatrice? “Clare Crowston (University of Illinois – Urbana)“A French apprenticeship system? Debating the End of Slavery in the French Empire10:30 a.m.-10:45 a.m: Coffee Break10:45 a.m.-12:15 p.m.:   Session 6 – Peasant Voices in Legal ArchivesChair: Clare Crowston  (University of Illinois-Urbana)Emily Rap (University of Chicago)“Contesting the Seigneurial Corvée: Two Generations of Peasant Litigation in Eighteenth-Century Angoumois”Ollivier Hubert (Université de Montréal)“Entendre les Mots d’une philosophie morale vernaculaire : justice d’Ancien Régime et culture de l’honneur à Montréal au XVIIIe Siècle,”Michael Gauvreau (McMaster University)“Peasant Voices in an Age of Commercial Expansion: Evidence from Post-Conquest Quebec”12:15 p.m.-1:00 p.m.: Buffet Lunch, Abenaki Hall, 12:15-1:001:15 p.m.:  Limousine Departure for Pierre Elliott Trudeau Airport
For more information, as well as the registration link, see the website of the conference
Categories: Comparative Law News

First Postgraduate Conference of the European Society for Comparative Legal History

On 23 and 24 February 2018 the University of Augsburg hosted the Society’s First Postgraduate Conference. 


The European Society for Comparative Legal History held ist First Postgraduate Conference on 23 and 24 February 2018 at Augsburg University, Germany. The ESCLH wants to overcome the narrow nationalism and geographical segregation of legal history in contemporary European scholarship and professional organisations. The society, thus, aims to promote comparative legal history, the explicit comparison of legal ideas and institutions in two or more legal traditions. The First Postgraduate Conference of the ESCLH gave advanced PhD-students and post-doctoral-researchers who work in the field of comparative legal history the opportunity to present their research to a panel of five experts. Furthermore, the conference gave all participants the opportunity to build international academic networks. The presentations at the conference covered a broad range of topics: Julie Rocheton (Paris): The Codification of private law in the United States during the 19th century; Dr. Radu Stancu (National Archives of Romania): Capital Punishment in Eastern and Western Europe During the Cold War; Jahnu Bharadwaj (Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar): Power, Politics and Procedures: Criminal Case Studies from 19th-century Assam; Omer Aloni (Tel-Aviv): Pollution, International Law, and the League of Nations: A case Study in Comparative Legal History; Arleta Dulkowska (Shanghai): A Comparative Analysis of the American and the Polish Constitutions; Luisa Coutinho Silva (Lisboa): Women in Colonial Paraíba: a Feminist Postcolonial Comparative Study of Brazilian Legal History, 1580–1822; Dr. Magda Schusterová (Osnabrück): The peace treaty of Georg of Poděbrady as a pioneer of the Westphalia peace?; Dr. Aneta Skalec (Częstochowa): Hydrological conditions and their impact on the law – damages caused by water in Ancient Laws; Mirjana Miskic (Banja Luka): Agency in Serbian Legal Tradition; Dr. Jesus Bohorquez (Lisboa): Dispute resolution and contract enforcement: Commercial law in the Iberian empires during the 18th century; Dr. Filippo Rossi (Milano): Breach of bilateral contracts between Europe and Latin America (19th and 20th Centuries): roots, models, convergences and differences; Dr. Sebastiaan Vandenbogaerde (Ghent): Vectors of a New Legal Order. The panel consisted of Prof. Dr. Aniceto Masferrer (Valencia), Prof. Dr. Jean-Louis Halpérin (ENS, Paris), Prof. Dr. Mia Korpiola (Turku), Prof. Dr. Jan Hallebeek (Amsterdam) and Prof. Dr. Phillip Hellwege (Augsburg).
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Nan GOODMAN, The Puritan Cosmopolis : The Law of Nations and the Early American Imagination (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780190642822, $65.00


(Source: Oxford University Press)
Oxford University Press is publishing a new book on Puritan legal thought in the 17th century next month. The Ebook is already available, the hardcover can be ordered here.
DESCRIPTION
The Puritan Cosmopolis traces a sense of kinship that emerged from within the larger realm of Puritan law and literature in late seventeenth-century New England. Nan Goodman argues that these early modern Puritans-connected to the cosmopolis in part through travel, trade, and politics-were also thinking in terms that went beyond feeling affiliated with people in remote places, or what cosmopolitan theorists call "attachment at a distance." In this way Puritan writers and readers were not simply learning about others, but also cultivating an awareness of themselves as ethically related to people all around the world. Such thought experiments originated and advanced through the law, specifically the law of nations, a precursor to international law and an inspiration for much of the imagination and literary expression of cosmopolitanism among the Puritans. The Puritan Cosmopolis shows that by internalizing the legal theories that pertained to the world writ large, the Puritans were able to experiment with concepts of extended obligation, re-conceptualize war, contemplate new ways of cultivating peace, and rewrite the very meaning of Puritan living. Through a detailed consideration of Puritan legal thought, Goodman provides an unexpected link between the Puritans, Jews, and Ottomans in the early modern world and reveals how the Puritan legal and literary past relates to present concerns about globalism and cosmopolitanism.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PrologueChapter 1: The Law of Nations and the Sources of the CosmopolisChapter 2: The Cosmopolitan CovenantChapter 3: The Manufactured MillenniumChapter 4: Evidentiary CosmopolitanismChapter 5: Cosmopolitan Communication and the Discourse of PietismEpilogue
More information can be found on the publisher’s website
Categories: Comparative Law News

LECTURE SERIES: Parlement(s) et cours souveraines, en France et en Europe, sous l’Ancien Régime (Paris: Collège Ste Barbe)

Parlement(s) et cours souveraines, en France et en Europe, sous l’Ancien Régime
2018Autour de d’Aguesseau, magistrature et idées politiques au XVIIIème siècleAround chancellor d’Aguesseau, magistracy and politics culture in the Eighteenth Century
Séminaire du Groupe de travail « Parlement(s) et cours souveraines » de l’IHRIM-ENS-LyonAn IHRIM-ENS-Lyon international seminar
Organisé par Isabelle Brancourt en partenariat avec le Labex CoMod (Université de Lyon) et en association avec l’Institut d’histoire du droit (Paris II-Panthéon-Assas)Organised by Isabelle Brancourt (IHRIM-CNRS)A partnership with LabEx CoMod (Lyon University) and association with the Legal history Institute of Paris II University.
Lieu de tenue des séances :Institut d’histoire du droit, Centre Sainte-Barbe,4 rue Valette, 75005 Parisbâtiment C, 3e étage, salle Collinet
Vendredi 09 mars 2018 (à partir de 16h30) :Reprise du séminaire. Ouverture d’Olivier Descamps (Professeur d’histoire du droit, directeur de l’IHD). Bilan des productions historiographiques de juin 2016 à mars 2018, par Isabelle BrancourtLa Grand Robe parisienne et les arts, à travers l’exemple de Jean René de Longueil, président de Maisons, par Béatrice Vivien, déléguée à la Conservation et au Patrimoine de Maisons-Laffitte.
Vendredi 13 avril 2018 (à partir de 16h30) : « Année » d’Aguesseau            Quel « événement » ? Pourquoi célébrer le 350e anniversaire de la naissance du chancelier d’Aguesseau à l’heure du numérique et du transhumanisme ? Comment le célébrer ?            Table ronde animée par Isabelle Brancourt
Vendredi 15 juin 2018 (à partir de 16h30) :            Développement des principes fondamentaux de la monarchie française dans les dernières années du XVIIIe siècle ou Testament politique de la Grande Robe, par Élina Lemaire, Maître de conférences en droit public à l’Université de Bourgogne
Pour mémoire : Mardi 27 novembre, journée d’étude pour le 350e anniversaire de la naissance de d’Aguesseau, sous le haut patronage de Mme la Ministre et Garde des sceaux Nicole Belloubet, Place Vendôme, Ministère de la Justice.
Source:  AHMUF.
Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR TENDERS: 6th ESCLH Biennal Conference 2020/7th Biennial Conference 2022; DEADLINE 6 APR 2018




The ESCLH Executive committee would be interested to receive tenders from members interested in hosting the 2020 ESCLH conference. Building  on the success in Valencia (2010), Amsterdam (2012), Macerata (2014), Gdansk (2016) and our upcoming conference in Paris in 2018, the ESCLH will be hosting its 6th event in the summer of 2020
Please contact the Secretary General, Janwillem Oosterhuis (janwillem.oosterhuis@maastrichtuniversity.nl), by 6 April, with details of where you would host the event and your thoughts on what the schedule of the event might look like. The conferences receive a subsidy from the ESCLH, but hosts will almost certainly need to find further financial support.
Any expressions of interest for the 2022 conference would also be welcome.
We look forward to hearing from you,
Aniceto MasferrerESCLH President

Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Yan THOMAS, La Mort du père [Bibliothèque Idées] (Paris: Albin Michel, 2017), ISBN 9782226314871, € 22

(image source: Albin Michel)
Book abstract:
Remettant en cause l'interprétation ordinaire du parricide qui en fait une catégorie de l'homicide relevant d'une action privée, Yan Thomas entend retracer ses origines, sa genèse et son évolution, mais aussi sa dimension symbolique et fondatrice à travers les différents régimes politiques romains. Au-delà de la lignée familiale, le père a en effet une fonction étatique. à Rome, le parricide est une injure suprême, un crime d'état. Il traduit surtout la peur obsessionnelle des pères qui craignent d'être évincés ou tués par leurs propres fils qu'ils ont privés de toute autonomie politique, personnelle et financière.Il ne s'agit pas, pour Yan Thomas, de décrire la réalité de pratiques de meurtres de pères par des fils, mais de saisir plus généralement ce que le droit de vie et de mort impose, ce qui se joue dans la substitution d'un rapport de puissance et d'un modèle juridique au lien biologique. L'auteur s'attache alors à montrer que le sens, le rôle et la structure de toute la politique romaine se comprend à l'articulation du public et du familial, et que la famille est constitutive du code politique romain. Cette enquête passionnante, qui, pour comprendre la spécificité de la notion de parricide mêle la philologie et le droit à l'archéologie et à l'anthropologie, permet à Yan Thomas de proposer une lecture inédite et éclairante de la politique romaine et de la nature même de l'état romain.More information with the publisher.
Categories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Histoire de la justice nr. 28 (2018/1): Justice et Oubli (France - Rwanda)

(image source: CAIRN)
The journal Histoire de la Justice (published by the Association française pour l'histoire de la justice, :ISSN 1639-4399) published its 2018 issue, devoted to Justice et oubli: Frnace - Rwanda.
Abstract:
S’interroger sur l’oubli et le droit permet de réinterroger sous un autre angle l’État et sa Justice dans leur rôle de gardiens de la mémoire judiciaire, de questionner les usages et mésusages, et d’examiner les fonctions politiques et sociales de la conservation mémorielle du crime et du criminel. Dans un contexte particulièrement ambigu, où le droit à l’oubli sonne comme une revendication de plus en plus entendue, où les juridictions européennes sanctionnent les pays, comme la France, pour une collecte trop minutieuse et une conservation trop longue des passés judiciaires, mais aussi dans un contexte où l’État, mu par une dynamique qui lui est propre, cherche davantage à tracer, à suivre, à se souvenir, pour mieux poursuivre et contrôler, il n’est pas anodin de poser un regard rétrospectif sur cette dialectique mémoire/oubli dans le champ pénal pour mieux envisager sa construction et, partant, ses effets et ses fonctions à travers le temps. Peut-être avons-nous oublié les vertus d’un oubli que les Anciens savaient à l’occasion manier pour écarter les effets mortifères d’une mémoire infinie.
À la croisée des regards (juridiques, historiques, anthropologiques, psychologiques et éthiques), l’oubli se déploie dans toutes ses dimensions sociales, politiques et judiciaires pour mieux mettre en valeur, par des études de cas et des réflexions au long cours, les ressorts d’un oubli pacificateur ou objet de luttes. Une large place est ainsi accordée aux pratiques de pardon et d’oubli au Rwanda, comme pour mieux signifier la permanente ressource qu’il offre. Enrichi des investigations menées dans le cadre d’une mission au Rwanda par des membres de l’Association française pour l'histoire de la justice, où rescapés et acteurs de la mémoire ont été écoutés, ce dossier se veut avant tout un questionnement scientifique de ce qui semble aller de soi : les vertus politiques de l’oubli judiciaire. Contributions by Mathieu Soula, Claude Gauvard, Stéphane Gacon, Jean-Pierre Royer, Dominique Foyer, Jean-Pierre Allinne, Pascal Texier, Jean-Paul Jean, Jean Motte dit Falisse, Benoît Guillou, Sylvie Humbert, Jean-Pierre Sagahutu, Assumpta Mugiraneza, Denis Salas, Jean-Amédée Lathoud and Cathy Leblanc.

More information on cairn.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK REVIEW: Joshua MEEKS reviews Edward James KOLLA, Sovereignty, International Law, and the French Revolution [Studies in Legal History Series] (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017) [H-Diplo]

(image source: CUP
Joshua Meeks (Northwest University) reviewed Edward James Kolla's recent book on the French Revolution, Sovereignty and International Law (CUP 2017, see announcement earlier on this blog).

First paragraph:

One of the more common conceptions of diplomacy during the French Revolution is that the revolutionaries attacked tradition in the name of liberty and disregarded international law and conventions as they attempted to export radical revolution throughout Europe. In Sovereignty, International Law, and the French Revolution, Edward James Kolla pushes back against this idea, arguing that though the revolutionaries were willing to adapt and in some cases ignore established legal traditions, they did so not in a conscious attempt to replace international law with a revolutionary variant. Instead, he explains in both breadth and detail how the principles of popular sovereignty espoused by the revolutionaries shaped the principle of self-determination in international law through a contingent, contradictory, and often haphazard process. Through case studies ranging from Corsica to the Netherlands, Kolla elucidates a thoughtful argument that combines a rigorous approach to international law with a well-crafted historical narrative.Read the full review here.
(source: H-Diplo mailing)


Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: Commercial Law in South--Eastern Europe: Legislation and Jurisdiction from Tanzimat Times until the Eve of the Great War (Regensburg: Uni Regensburg, Fall 2019); DEADLINE 1 MAY 2018

(image source: Germany Travel)Conference abstract:Im 19. Jahrhundert sah sich das Osmanische Reich zu umfassenden Reformen gezwungen. Diese betrafen neben Verfassung und Verwaltung insbesondere auch Zivilrecht und Rechtspflege. Man orientierte sich stark an Frankreich und setzte unter anderem 1850 den Code de Commerce in Geltung, ohne daß die bisher geltenden Regelungen vollständig außer Kraft getreten wären. Im Aufeinandertreffen von überkommenem osmanischem Recht, Gerichtssystem und Gerichtspersonal einerseits und hochmodernem französischem Recht andererseits hat sich ein eigenständiger Rechtskulturraum in Südosteuropa entwickelt.
Im Zuge des Zerfalls des Osmanischen Reiches erfolgte eine Neuordnung Südosteuropas: Mit Rumänien (1878), Serbien (1878), Montenegro (1878), Bulgarien (1908) und Albanien (1913) entstanden eigenständige Staaten; Bosnien-Herzegowina wurde 1878 unter österreichische Verwaltung gestellt und 1908 annektiert. Die spätosmanische südosteuropäische Rechtskultur bildete das Fundament der Rechtskultur dieser Staaten, das reformierte französisch-osmanisch Recht wurde Bestandteil der einzelstaatlichen Rechtsordnungen. Gleichzeitig wirkten aber auch Einflüsse des deutsch-österreichisch-ungarischen Rechts (Allgemeines Deutsches Handelsgesetzbuch von 1861) in diesen Rechtskulturraum hinein, teilweise direkt, teilweise über den vom deutschen Recht beeinflußten italienischen Codice di Commercio von 1882.
Am Beispiel des Commercial Law soll der südosteuropäische Rechtskulturraum exploriert werden. Dabei sollen über eine bloße Dokumentation der rechtshistorischen Ereignisse hinaus zum einen Fragen der Rechtsrezeption bzw. des Rechtstransfers eine wichtige Rolle spielen, zum anderen Fragen der Rechts- und Gerichtspluralität. Insbesondere im Falle Bosnien-Herzegowinas dürfte es auch auf kolonialpolitische Fragestellungen ankommen. Hierfür bedarf es zunächst der Beantwortung ganz grundlegender Fragen für die einzelnen Territorien/Staaten, bevor eine Auswertung einschlägiger Gerichtsakten erfolgen kann.
- Wie haben sich während des Berichtszeitraums, im Spiegel der jeweiligen verfassungs-rechtlichen Wandlungen, die Rechtsordnung des jeweiligen Territoriums/Staates insgesamt und der Normbestand des Handels- und Gesellschaftsrechts insbesondere entwickelt? Wann und unter welchen Umständen erfolgte die Rezeption bzw. der Transfer welcher fremden Normen des Handels- und Gesellschaftsrecht in die jeweilige Rechtsordnung? Entstand hierdurch ein homogenes Rechtssystem oder ein Rechtspluralismus und in welchem Verhältnis zueinander standen gegebenenfalls die unterschiedlichen Normenkörper?
- Welche Behörden oder Gerichte waren für die Anwendung der Normen zuständig? Welche Behördenhierarchien oder Instanzenzüge bestanden? Ist ein Nebeneinander mehrerer konkurrierender Institutionen anzutreffen und auf welche Weise wurde die Konkurrenz aufgelöst? Wie wurde das jeweilige Personal rekrutiert, wie war es ausgebildet, welchen Regeln unterlag es, wie wurde es besoldet? Welche Regelungen zur Unabhängigkeit der Rechtsprechung bestehen? Auf Grundlage welcher Normen und mit welchem Inhalt waren der Ablauf der Verfahren und der Vollstreckung von Entscheidungen geregelt? Wer vertrat die Parteien gegebenenfalls vor Gericht, ist ein professioneller Anwaltsstand entstanden?
- Einzelfallebene: Was ergibt eine quantitative Analyse im Hinblick auf die Anzahl der durchgeführten Verfahren, persönliche Merkmale der Streitparteien, Verfahrensgegenstände, ordentliche und außerordentliche Rechtsmittel, freiwillige Erfüllung oder Notwendigkeit der Vollstreckung von Entscheidungen, gütliche Einigungen? Was ergibt eine qualitative Analyse der Einzelfallakten im Hinblick auf den Stil der Entscheidungen und auf die Anwendung des geltenden/konkurrierenden Rechts? Bestehen Diskrepanzen zwischen geschriebenem und angewendetem Recht, was ist die Rolle des Gewohnheitsrechts oder der Tradition? Wie haben Parteien und Gericht argumentiert, auf welche Autoritäten berufen sie sich, wen oder was zitieren sie? Wie ist das Verfahren abgelaufen? Gibt es Hinweise auf sachfremde Einflüsse wie Bestechung oder Patronage? Wie ist gegebenenfalls die Zwangsvollstreckung abgelaufen, wie effektiv wurden also die Entscheidungen durchgesetzt?Practical:Wir erbitten Ihre Vorschläge (max. 500 Wörter plus kurzer Lebenslauf) bis 1. Mai 2018 an martin.loehnig@ur.de. Wir informieren Sie bis 1. Juni 2018 über das Ergebnis der Begutachtung.
Im Herbst 2019 wird an der Universität Regensburg eine Tagung stattfinden, auf der die ausgearbeiteten Papers präsentiert und diskutiert werden können. Die Kosten Ihrer Anreise und Ihres Aufenthalts in Regensburg erstatten wir Ihnen gerne.
Die überarbeiteten Fassungen der Tagungsbeiträge werden - gerne auch in ausführlicherer Version - in Form eines Tagungsbandes, der bei einem angesehenen Fachverlag erscheinen soll, publiziert.
Für weitere Informationen wenden Sie sich bitte an martin.loehnig@ur.de.
Categories: Comparative Law News

FELLOWSHIP: The historical use of the state clemency power (NYU LS Center on the Administration of Criminal Law)




(image source: Crowdwise)


The Center on the Administration of Criminal Law at NYU Law School is a nonpartisan research center that focuses on good government practices in the criminal justice system. One area of research includes the role of mercy and the opportunity for second chances in the justice system. As an example, it has worked on obtaining federal and state clemency grants for individuals incarcerated in prison and is drafting a report analyzing President Obama’s clemency initiative that took place between 2014 and 2017.

As part of this research agenda, the Center is seeking applicants for a one-year research fellowship that focuses on the historical use of the state clemency power. The research will involve analyzing and writing about historical state clemency grants in an effort to understand how government actors and the public viewed the clemency power, with the goal of contributing to, and reshaping, current attitudes toward clemency and the notion of who is “deserving” of second chances in our justice system today. Research will likely involve a combination of primary and secondary source review, and some travel may be required.  Salary is $55,000, and the position will remain open until filled.
While the ideal candidates are those who have completed coursework for a doctorate or who have recently been awarded a doctoral degree, candidates with a J.D. and strong history training will also be considered.

Interested candidates should email a transcript from their most recent academic institution, resume, and writing sample to courtney.oliva@nyu.edu.

(source: H-Law)
Categories: Comparative Law News

SYMPOSIUM: The Parisian peace treaties (1919-1920) and the emergence of modern international law (JHIL/Tilburg University, 17 May 2018)



The Parisian peace treaties (1919-1920) and the emergence of modern international lawThe Journal of the History of International Law – Tilburg University – 17 May 2018Conveners: Jan Lemnitzer and Randall Lesaffer
The conference is organised under the auspices of The Journal of the History ofInternational Law by i-Hilt (Institute for the History of International Law@Tilburg) and the Department of Roman Law and Legal History of the University of Leuven.
Venue: Ruth First auditorium (C 186), Cobbenhagen Building, Tilburg University, The NetherlandsCosts: € 50,00
Registration for the symposium until 10 May  
Programme of the Parisian Peace Treaties, 17 May 20189.30                       Reception with coffee and tea9.50                       Welcome by Randall Lesaffer10.00-12.00        Session I: Versailles as a revolution in international law
 - Jan Lemnitzer (University of Southern Denmark): Woodrow Wilson, Versailles and the freedom of the seas- Kirsten Sellars (Chinese University of Hong Kong): World War I,  Wilhelm II, Article 227 and the crime of aggression- Leonard Smith (Oberlin College and Conservatory): Sovereignty under the League of Nations mandate
                          12.00-13.30        Lunch
13.30-15.00        Session II: Was Versailles a harsh peace treaty?- Markus Payk (Humboldt University): ‘The absence of honeyed and generous phrases’: a survey of the preambles and other declarative phrases in the Paris peace treaties of 1919-1920- Nicholas Mulder (Columbia University), Expropriation and economic warfare in the Versailles treaty- Laura Rathmanner (Vienna University): Responsibility and reparations in the peace treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye- Vincent Genin (University of Liège): Belgium’s delegation at the Parisian peace conference. Between international law and national aims                15.30-16.00       Coffee break, refreshments
16.00-17.30        Session III: Versailles and the politics of international law- Duncan Kelly (Cambridge University): International law as politics at Versailles
- Frederik Dhondt (Free University Brussels/Antwerp University): Permanent is not eternal! The hibernation of Belgian neutrality between conceptual change and practical continuity
- Tony Carty (Tsinghua University): China in the Versailles peace treaty                                                      
Categories: Comparative Law News

E-BOOK: Victor SAUCEDO, Conspiracy. A Conceptual Genealogy (Thirteenth to Early Eighteenth Century) [Historia del Derecho, 59] (Madrid: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2017), ISBN 978-84-9148-494-3

(image source: stonybrook)
Book abstract:
This book focuses on the development of the law of conspiracy in England from the thirteenth to the early eighteenth century. The historiography of the law of conspiracy has adopted an unmistakably doctrinal approach to this topic which has produced a treasure trove of legal sources. By borrowing concepts from cognitive linguistics, this research will shed light upon new aspects of these sources that the doctrinal approach could not reveal. It will show how certain conducts were lexicalized as a conspiracy in the Middle Ages. It will also show how these terms are involved in the lexicalization of the crime of treason and how through a process of conceptual blending the action upon the case in the nature of conspiracy rose as an action separate from the medieval conspiracy. Finally, it will be seen how the modern offense of conspiracy emerged out of the process of conceptual blending through analogies with treason and the action upon the case in the nature of conspiracyEste libro se centra en la genealogía del delito de conspiración en Inglaterra desde el siglo XIII hasta comienzos del XVIII. La historiografía acerca del mismo ha sido de carácter marcadamente doctrinal, aunque ha producido un valioso acopio de fuentes. Haciendo uso de conceptos de la lingüística cognitiva, esta investigación revela aspectos de la genealogía del concepto de conspiración que el enfoque doctrinal no podía percibir. Se muestra cómo ciertas conductas fueron lexicalizadas como conspiración en la Edad Media, cómo el mismo término aparece en la conceptualización del delito de traición y cómo a través de un proceso de integración conceptual se produjo la action upon the case in the nature of conspiracy diferente de la conspiración medieval. Finalmente, también se verá cómo el moderno sentido de conspiración surgió a través del mismo proceso de integración conceptual que permitía establecer analogías con el delito de traición, así como con la action upon the case in the nature of conspiracy.Download this work for free here.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Jennifer PITTS, Boundaries of the International: Law and Empire (Cambridge (Mass.): Harvard UP, 2018), 304 p. ISBN 9780674980815, € 40,5

(image source: Harvard UP)


Book abstract:


It is commonly believed that international law originated in relations among European states that respected one another as free and equal. In fact, as Jennifer Pitts shows, international law was forged at least as much through Europeans’ domineering relations with non-European states and empires, leaving a legacy still visible in the unequal structures of today’s international order.
Pitts focuses on the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the great age of imperial expansion, as European intellectuals and administrators worked to establish and justify laws to govern emerging relationships with non-Europeans. Relying on military and commercial dominance, European powers dictated their own terms on the basis of their own norms and interests. Despite claims that the law of nations was a universal system rooted in the values of equality and reciprocity, the laws that came to govern the world were parochial and deeply entangled in imperialism. Legal authorities, including Emer de Vattel, John Westlake, and Henry Wheaton, were key figures in these developments. But ordinary diplomats, colonial administrators, and journalists played their part too, as did some of the greatest political thinkers of the time, among them Montesquieu and John Stuart Mill.
Against this growing consensus, however, dissident voices as prominent as Edmund Burke insisted that European states had extensive legal obligations abroad that ought not to be ignored. These critics, Pitts shows, provide valuable resources for scrutiny of the political, economic, and legal inequalities that continue to afflict global affairs.


Table of contents:

1. Introduction: Empire and International Law
2. Oriental Despotism and the Ottoman Empire
3. Nations and Empires in Vattel’s World
4. Critical Legal Universalism in the Eighteenth Century
5. The Rise of Positivism?
6. Historicism in Victorian International Law
Epilogue
Notes
Acknowledgments
Index


About the author:


Jennifer Pitts is Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Chicago.
Categories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: „Brüchiger Frieden? 100 Jahre Friedensvertrag von Brest-Litowsk" (Berlin: Deutsche Gesellschaft e.V., 12 Apr 2018), DEADLINE 6 APR 2018

„Brüchiger Frieden? 100 Jahre Friedensvertrag von Brest-Litowsk"(image source: Wikimedia Commons)

Die Tagung findet am Donnerstag, den 12. April 2018, in den Räumlichkeiten der Deutschen Gesellschaft e. V. in Berlin statt. Die wissenschaftliche Konferenz wird durch die Beauftragte der Bundesregierung für Kultur und Medien gefördert.

Anlässlich des 100. Jahrestages der Vertragsunterzeichnung widmet sich die Tagung den Auswirkungen des Vertrages von Brest-Litowsk auf die Zwischenkriegszeit. Dieser Vertrag brachte Polen, den baltischen Staaten und kurzzeitig auch der Ukraine ihre Unabhängigkeit und eine Phase nationaler und kultureller Blüte. Doch die Friedensverträge von Brest-Litowsk aus dem März 1918 und der Vertrag von Versailles von 1919 waren eine hohe Belastung für die junge Demokratie der Weimarer Republik und der Mittelmächte. Aus ihrem Geist nährten sich Revanchismusabsichten, Nationalsozialismus und die Vernichtungsideologie des „Lebensraums im Osten“.

Die Konferenz möchte diese fatalen deutschen Entwicklungen und insbesondere ihre Auswirkungen auf die Staaten Ostmitteleuropas und des östlichen Europas aufzeigen. Das Jubiläum bietet Anlass, die Jahre 1918/1919 und die Folgen für die Zwischenkriegszeit in den europäischen Kontext zu stellen und die Zusammenhänge nationalstaatlicher Entwicklungen aufzuzeigen. Dabei sollen unterschiedliche Perspektiven europäischer Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler einfließen.
Programm

09:00 Uhr Anmeldung und Registrierung
10:00 Uhr Begrüßung Dr. Andreas H. Apelt, Deutsche Gesellschaft e. V.

Themenblock I: Folgen des Vertrages von Brest-Litowsk für das Europa der Zwischenkriegszeit

10:15 Uhr Impulsvortrag Prof. Dr. Frank Grüner, Universität Bielefeld
11:00 Uhr Podiumsdiskussion
- Prof. Dr. Frank Grüner
- Dr. Markus Pöhlmann, Universität Potsdam
- Dr. Peter März, Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Bildung
- und Kultus, Wissenschaft und Kunst
- Moderation: Tamina Kutscher, Chefredakteurin bei „dekoder“
12:30 Uhr Mittagspause

Themenblock II: Brest-Litowsk in den nationalen Erinnerungskulturen bis zur Gegenwart

14:00 Uhr Impulsvortrag Vougar Aslanov, Schriftsteller
14:45 Uhr Podiumsdiskussion
- Vougar Aslanov
- Juri Durkot, Journalist und Publizist
- Dr. Leonid Klimov, Wissenschaftsredakteur bei „dekoder“
- PD Dr. Peter Oliver Loew, Deutsches Polen-Institut
- Moderation: Tamina Kutscher
16:15 Uhr Kaffeepause

Themenblock III: Der Vertrag von Brest-Litowsk und das heutige Verhältnis zwischen Deutschland und Russland

16:30 Uhr Schlussbemerkung Dr. Jörg Morré, Deutsch-Russisches Museum Berlin-Karlshorst
17:00 Uhr Ende der Veranstaltung

(source: HSozKult)

(more information here)
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Laurent DE SUTTER, Après la loi [Perspectives critiques] (Paris: PUF, 2018), 272 p. ISBN 978-2-13-080144-3, € 18

(image source: PUF)


Book abstract:


« Après la loi, il y a le droit ; après la loi, il y a la totalité de ce dont la loi a signé l’oubli ; il y a l’invention et le désordre, le savoir et l’exploration, la multiplicité et la singularité, les êtres et les choses, la force des gestes et celle des mots. Après la lex, il y a le ius, le li, le giri, le dharma, la fiqh, la aggadah, la maât et le dînum ; après le nomos, il y a l’anomie, l’anarchie, l’injustice, l’arbitraire, la casuistique, la magie, le récit, la religion, les rituels. Après la loi, il y a l’ensemble des moyens que les êtres humains ont inventé pour devenir plutôt qu’être, et pour faire devenir avec eux les relations qui les unissaient à d’autres et finissaient par les constituer en groupes. Car telle est la différence principale qui sépare la loi du droit : la loi ne connaît que l’être, un être à la défense duquel elle est vouée par structure et par fonction – un être qu’il est de son devoir de ne pas remettre en question. »

Table of contents:



Prélude

§ A. Loi

Chapitre 1 : Nomos

§ 1. Isonomia – § 2. Thesmos – § 3. Rhêtra – § 4. Nemô – § 5. Philosophie – § 6. Ordre – § 7. Polis – § 8. Thémis – § 9. Phusis – § 10. Anomia

Interlude 1

§ B. Chaos

Chapitre 2 : Dînum

§ 11. Hammourabi – § 12. Mišarum – § 13. Dinum – § 14. Šumma – § 15. Prophétie – § 16. Šamaš – § 17. Kittum – § 18. Modèle – § 19. Akalum – § 20. Connaissance

Interlude 2

§ C. Code

Chapitre 3 : Ius

§ 21. Rogatio – § 22. Ius – § 23. Fas – § 24. Iura – § 25. Nexum – § 26. Civitas – § 27. Corpus – § 28. Iurisprudentia – § 29. Institutes – § 30. Bouleversement

Interlude 3

§ D. Cas

Chapitre 4 : Lex

§ 31. Leges – § 32. Lectio – § 33. Cicéron – § 34. Uinculum – § 35. Nomos – § 36. Perfectio – § 37. Schola – § 38. Norme – § 39. Morale – § 40. Synthèse

Interlude 4

§ E. Être

Chapitre 5 : Fiqh

§ 41. Oumma – § 42. Sharia – § 43. Fiqh – § 44. Qiyâs – § 45. Shâfî’i – § 46. Furû – § 47. Taqlîd – § 48. Djinn – § 49. Tariqâ – § 50. Doute

Interlude 5


§ F. Homme

Chapitre 6 : Li

§ 51. Confucius – § 52. Li – § 53. Relation – § 54. Ren – § 55. Xing – § 56. Fa – § 57. Shang – § 58. Xun – § 59. Forme – § 60. Poirier

Interlude 6

§ G. Sanction

Chapitre 7 : Giri

§ 61. Ritusryô – § 62. Tang – § 63. Shôtoku – § 64. Horitsu – § 65. Giri – § 66. Emotion – § 67. On – § 68. Constat – § 69. Kyaku – § 70. Rei

Interlude 7

§ H. Raison

Chapitre 8 : Dharma

§ 71. Smriti – § 72. Sutra – § 73. Trivarga – § 74. Pramana – § 75. Arya – § 76. Abjétion – § 77. Artha – § 78. Varna – § 79. Manu – § 80. Asoka

Interlude 8

§ I. Jugement

Chapitre 9 : Maât

§ 81. Maât – § 82. Ânkh – § 83. Isfet – § 84. Oasien – § 85. Communication – § 86. Tombe – § 87. Ba – § 88. Âdja – § 89. Hépou – § 90. Nefer

Interlude 9


§ J. Politique

Chapitre 10 : Aggadah

§ 91. Torah – § 92. Halakha – § 93. Justification – § 94. Maïmonide – § 95. Chaïm – § 96. Au-delà – § 97. Pluralisme – § 98. Mishpatim – § 99. Aggadah – § 100. Trahison

Postlude

§ K. Droit

More information with the publisher.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Anna BELLAVITIS & Beatrice ZUCCA MICHELETTO (eds.), Gender, Law and Economic Well-Being in Europe from the Fifteenth to the Nineteenth Century [Gender and Well-Being] (New York: Routledge, 2018), 336 p. ISBN 9781138571518, £ 115

(image source: Routledge)


Book abstract:


This book offers a comparative perspective on Northern and Southern Europe laws and customs concerning women’s property and economic rights. By focusing on both Northern and Southern European societies, these studies analyse the consequences of different juridical frameworks and norms on the development of the economic roles of men and women This volume is divided into three sections. The first, Laws, presents general outlines related to some European regions; the second, Family strategies or marital economies? questions the potential conflict between the economic interests of the married couple and those of the lineage within the nobility. Finally the third part of the book, Inside the urban economy, focuses on economic and work activities of middle and lower classes in the urban environment. The assorted and rich panorama offered by the history of the legislation on women’s economic rights shows that similarities and differences run through Europe in such a way that the North/South model looks very stereotyped. While this approach calls into question classical geographical and cultural maps and well-established chronologies, it encourages reconsidering the European history according to a cross-boundaries perspective. By drawing on a wide range of social, economic and cultural European contexts, from the late Medieval Age-Early Modern Age to the nineteenth century including the middle and lower classes (especially artisans, merchants and traders) as well as the economic practices and norms of the upper middle class and aristocracy, this book will be of interest to economic and social historians, sociologists of health, gender, sexuality and economists.

Table of contents:


List of Figures; List of Tables; List of contributors; Acknowledgements; 
INTRODUCTION: North vs South: gender, law and economic well-being in Europe (15th-19th centuries),; Anna Bellavitis, Beatrice Zucca Micheletto; 
SECTION 1/ LAWS;
Chapter 1. Community of goods, coverture and capability in Britain: Scotland v. England, Deborah Simonton;
Chapter 2. Between parental power and marital authority. How merchant women stood the test of the customary laws in Brittany (16th- 17th centuries), Nicole Dufournaud;
Chapter 3. Exceptional women. Female merchants and working women in Italy in the early modern period, Simona Feci;
Chapter 4. Married women’s property rights in the nineteenth century in France and Spain: a North-South case study, Marion Röwekamp; Chapter 5. From legal diversity to centralization: marriage and wealth in nineteenth-century Greece, Doxiadis Evdoxios; 
SECTION 2 / FAMILY STRATEGIES OR MARITAL ECONOMY?;
Chapter 6. Marriage, law and property – Married noblewomen’s role in property management in fifteenth-century Norway, Susann Anett Pedersen;
Chapter 7. Class privileges and the public good. The Monti dei Maritaggi in Early Modern Naples, Vittoria Fiorelli;
Chapter 8. Women of high and medium-ranking officers in the Ile-de-France between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries: what economic agency?, Claire Chatelain;
Chapter 9. Undivided brothers – renouncing sisters. Family strategies of low nobility in sixteenth and seventeenth century Tirol, Siglinde Clementi; 
SECTION 3/ INSIDE THE URBAN ECONOMY;
Chapter 10. The ‘egalitarian trend’ in practice. Female participation in capital markets in late medieval Leuven, Andrea Bardyn;
Chapter 11. Women and credit in eighteenth– century Venice: a preliminary analysis, Matteo Pompermaier;
Chapter 12. Married women, property and paraphernalia in Early Modern Scotland, Rebecca Mason;
Chapter 13. Women at work in a Southern European town: women, guilds and commercial partnerships in Venice in the sixteenth century, Emilie Fiorucci;
Chapter 14. Law, wives and the marital economy in sixteenth-century Antwerp. Bridging the gap between theory and practice, Kaat Cappelle;
Chapter 15. Women, law, and business formation in Early Modern Paris, Janine M. Lanza;
Chapter 16. Bankruptcies, a gateway to gender history. The example of women book traders in Paris in the nineteenth century, Viera Rebolledo-Dhuin; Index

On the editors:


Anna Bellavitis is Professor of Early Modern History at the University of Rouen-Normandy, director of the Groupe de Recherche d’Histoire (GRHis EA3831) and Senior Member of the Institut Universitaire de France. Beatrice Zucca Micheletto is Marie Sklodowska-Curie Fellow at The Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure, University of Cambridge and associated researcher at the Groupe de Recherche d’Histoire, University of Rouen-Normandy.



More information here.
Categories: Comparative Law News

The American Society for Legal History's Student Research Colloquium (SRC)


The American Society for Legal History will host a Student Research Colloquium (SRC) on Wednesday, Nov. 7, and Thursday, Nov. 8, 2018, immediately preceding the ASLH’s annual meeting in Houston, Texas.  The SRC annually enables eight Ph.D. students and law students to discuss their in-progress dissertations and articles with distinguished ASLH-affiliated scholars.  This year, the Department of History at Rice University will host the event.
The SRC’s target audience includes early-post-coursework graduate students and historically minded law students.  The colloquium seeks to introduce such students to legal history, to each other, and to the legal-historical scholarly community.  Students working in all chronological periods, including ancient and medieval history, and all geographical fields, including non-U.S. history, are encouraged to apply, as are students who have not yet received any formal training in legal history.  Applicants who have not had an opportunity to present their work to the ASLH are particularly encouraged to apply.  A student may be on the program for the annual meeting and participate in the SRC in the same year.
Each participating student will pre-circulate a twenty-page, double-spaced, footnoted paper to the entire group.  The group will discuss these papers at the colloquium, under the guidance of faculty directors.  The ASLH will provide at least partial and, in most cases, total reimbursement for travel, hotel, and conference-registration costs.
The application deadline is July 15, 2018.  Applicants should submit:

  • a cover letter describing, among other things, how far along you are and how many years remain in your course of study; 
  • a CV; 
  • a two-page, single-spaced “research statement” that begins with a title and proceeds to describe the in-progress research project that you propose to present at the colloquium; and 
  • a letter of recommendation from a faculty member, sent separately from, or together with, the other materials.



Organizers will notify all applicants of their decisions by August 15, 2018.  Please direct questions and applications to John Wertheimer at: srcproposals@aslh.net.
Categories: Comparative Law News

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