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BOOK: "Governing the Sea in the Early Modern Era:Essays in Honor of Robert C. Ritchie" Peter C. Mancall and Carole Shammas (eds.) (2015)



Peter C. Mancall and Carole Shammas (eds.), Governing the Sea in the Early Modern Era:Essays in Honor of Robert C. Ritchie 
Early modern European governments clashed over laws governing the sea—an environment that featured watery borders, rampant piracy, the threat of free trade, and the large-scale transportation of human cargo. The essays in this volume explore how the exploitation of the oceans changed the institution of slavery, long-distance trade, property crime, the environment, literature, and memory, from medieval times to the nineteenth century.
here you can download the Table of Contents
Carole Shammas is Professor Emerita and John R. Hubbard Chair Emerita in History at the University of Southern California. Peter C. Mancall is Andrew W. Mellon Professor of the Humanities and Professor of History and Anthropology at the University of Southern California and director of the USC-Huntington Early Modern Studies Institute.
Categories: Comparative Law News

PAPERS on constitutional history by D. Hulsebosch (NYU)

(image source: SSRNblog)
Our colleagues at the Law & Humanities blog and the Legal History Blog signalled different new papers by prof. D. Hulsebosch (NYU School of Law).
1. "English Liberties Outside England: Floors, Doors, Windows, and Ceilings in the Legal Architecture of Empire" in: Lorna Hutson (ed.), Oxford History of English Law and Literature 1500-1700 (OUP, forthcoming)

Abstract:
We tend to think of global migration and the problem of which legal rights people enjoy as they cross borders as modern phenomena. They are not. The question of emigrant rights was one of the foundational issues in what can be called the constitution of the English empire at the beginning of transatlantic colonization in the seventeenth century. This essay analyzes one strand of this constitutionalism, a strand captured by the resonant term, ‘the liberties and privileges of Englishmen’. Almost every colonial grant – whether corporate charter, royal charter, or proprietary grant – for roughly two dozen imagined, projected, failed, and realized overseas ventures contained a clause stating that the emigrants would enjoy the liberties, privileges and immunities of English subjects. The clause was not invented for transatlantic colonization. Instead, it had medieval roots. Accordingly, royal drafters, colonial grantees, and settlers penned and read these guarantees against the background of traditional interpretations about what they meant. Soon, however, the language of English liberties and privileges escaped the founding documents, and contests over these keywords permeated legal debates on the meaning and effects of colonization. Just as the formula of English liberties and privileges became a cornerstone of England’s constitutional monarchy, it also became a foundation of the imperial constitution. As English people brought the formula west, they gave it new meanings, and then they returned with it to England and created entirely new problems. Liberties and privileges claims fell into five functional categories. First, the claim that colonists abroad and their descendants enjoyed English liberties functioned as an open door, allowing overseas colonists to return home to England and be treated as equal English subjects. Second, the king or his colonial deputies might make positive grants of English liberties to subjects in a royal territory outside England as an inducement for English subjects to migrate there. Here, the grant of English liberties and privileges functioned as a window, a transparent promise of familiar and cherished rights to encourage settlement. Third, already by the time of the English Civil War and more frequently by century’s end, the colonists themselves sometimes claimed English liberties, privileges, and immunities abroad as a floor below which governors could not push. Fourth, in the reverse of the second, the claim that overseas subjects had to be governed according to English standards, including English liberties and privileges, could function as a ceiling on colonial innovation. It was a ceiling measured by metropolitan officials, especially the Privy Council as it reviewed colonial statutes and judicial cases to ensure that they were, in the familiar language of colonial grants, ‘agreeable’ with and ‘not repugnant’ to the laws of England. Finally, colonial assumptions of English liberties functioned as a mirror through which colonists could see themselves as English, even when their colonial rights, such as their property rights, were viewed at home as peculiar. If for example a subject of the English king in an overseas dominion owned slaves in that dominion and wished to sojourn home, could he bring his slaves? Could he carry the rights of a Virginian or Jamaican with him to England and enjoy those rights there? Collapsing English and local liberties, slaveholders argued affirmatively. As Englishmen they should, they thought, be able to move around the empire with their property, including human property. Download this text on SSRN.

2. "Magna Carta for the World? The Merchants’ Chapter and Foreign Capital in the Early American Republic" (94 North Carolina Law Review)

Abstract:
This Article examines the early modern revival and subtle transformation in what is here called the merchants’ chapter of Magna Carta and then analyzes how lawyers, judges, and government officeholders invoked it in the new American federal courts and in debates over congressional power. In the U.S. Supreme Court in the early 1790s, a British creditor and an American State debated the meaning and applicability of the merchants’ chapter, which guaranteed two rights to foreign merchants: free entry and exit during peacetime, without being subjected to arbitrary taxes; and, in wartime, the promise that their persons and goods would not be harmed or confiscated, unless their own king attacked and confiscated English merchants. In other words, no harm to enemy aliens, except as retaliation. Tit for tat.
The idea that reciprocity was a fundamental mechanism of international (and interpersonal) relations became something like a social science axiom in the early modern Enlightenment. Edward Coke claimed to find that mechanism in the merchants’ chapter and publicized it to lawyers throughout the emerging British Empire and beyond. Montesquieu lauded the English for protecting foreign commerce in their fundamental law, and Blackstone basked in that praise. American lawyers derived their understanding of the merchants’ chapter from these sources and then, in the early Republic, stretched the principle behind it to protect foreign capital, not just resident merchants. The vindication of old imperial debt contracts would signal to all international creditors that, in the United States, credit was safe. Federalists then invoked the chapter outside of the courts to resist Republican attempts to embargo commerce and sequester foreign credit. For Republicans, doux commerce had become the Achilles heel of the great Atlantic empires: their reliance on American trade could be used to gain diplomatic leverage without risking war. For Federalists, economic sanctions threatened not just their fiscal policy but their entire vision of an Atlantic world that increasingly insulated international capital from national politics. They all agreed, however, that the role of foreign capital in the American constitutional system was a central issue for the new and developing nation.Download this text on SSRN.

3. "Exile, Choice, and Loyalism: Taking and Restoring Dignity in the American Revolution", to appear in Law and Social Inquiry (2016)

Abstract:
Taking a cue from Bernadette Atuahene’s concept of “dignity takings” and her insight that government expropriation inflicts more than economic injury, this essay analyzes how American revolutionaries defined political membership, penalized and expropriated British loyalists, and then allowed some to join the American polity in the decade after the Revolution. Many recovered their property, professions, and legal privileges. However, because most loyalists could choose to remain loyal or join the Revolution, they did not lose human dignity as Atuahene defines it. Case studies of two reintegrating lawyers, Richard Harison and William Rawle, explore loyalism, the loss of dignities that loyalists suffered, and some paths toward reintegration. Their appointment as federal attorneys helped make the government conversant in the common law, British statutes, and the law of nations, which in turn supported the Federalist goal of reintegrating the United States into the Atlantic World: achieving, in other words, national dignity.
Download this text on SSRN.
Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PRE-ORDERS: Eric BOUSMAR, Philippe DESMETTE & Nicolas SIMON (eds.), To Legislate, to Govern and to Judge. Legal and Institutional History Miscellanea (9th-21st Century) offered to Jean-Marie Cauchies at the occasion of his 65th Birthday....

(source: RMBLF)
The CRHiDI (Centre for Legal and Institutional History) at the Université Saint-Louis in Brussels will publish a collective work entitled Légiférer, gouverner et juger. Mélanges d'histoire du droit et des institutions (IXe -XXIe  siècle)offerts à Jean-Marie Cauchies à l'occasion de ses 65 ans, which will be presented to prof. em. dr. Jean-Marie Cauchies (Royal Academy of Belgium) at the occasion of his retirement.

Table of contents:
Éric Bousmar, Philippe Desmette, Nicolas Simon, IntroductionÉric Bousmar, Philippe Desmette, Nicolas Simon, Du droit, des institutions et des hommes. Les itinéraires de Jean-Marie Cauchies
Publications de Jean-Marie Cauchies
Le moyen âge entre coutumes et droit édictal : Italie, Savoie, France d’oc et d’oïl (IXe-XVe siècle)Antonio Padoa-Schioppa, La giustizia ecclesiastica nei Sinodi lombardi dell’età carolingia
Florian Mariage, Pouvoirs et institutions au village : décodage de quelques « chartes-lois » du Tournaisis (XIIIe siècle)
Albert Rigaudière, Policer la ville et protéger la campagne. Nîmes 1353-1363
Gérard Guyon (†), L’apport des juges dans la formation et le développement du droit coutumier. L’exemple des coutumes médiévales bordelaises
Franco Morenzoni, Quelques remarques à propos d’un manuscrit du Compendium statutorum generalis reformacionis Sabaudie de la Zentralbibliothek de Zurich
Jean-Louis Gazzaniga, La pragmatique sanction attribuée à saint Louis (1268) dans le débat gallican (XVIe – XIXe siècle)
Justice, gouvernement et législation dans les Pays-Bas espagnols (XVIe-XVIIe siècle)Monique Vleeschouwer-Van Melkebeek, Incestum commisit. Contrôle et répression des relations charnelles et des mariages incestueux par le tribunal de l’officialité de Tournai au début du XVIe siècle
Emmanuël Falzone, Princeps conventionis lege obligetur. Le pouvoir du Prince et ses limites dans un consilium de Leoninus au comte d’Egmont (Conseil des Troubles, 1567-1568)
Gustaaf Janssens, L’abolition du Conseil des Troubles du duc d’Albe, un conseil « communément haï » aux Pays-Bas (1573-1576)
Hugo De Schepper, Une législation de circonstance aux Pays- Bas sous le gouvernement personnel d’Alexandre Farnèse, 1579-1589 * Nicolas SIMON, Une culture d’État ? Législation et prise de décision dans les Pays-Bas espagnols (1580-1610)
Réglementation et législation dans la monarchie française, des Pays-Bas au Canada (XVIIe-XVIIIe siècle)
Alain Wijffels, La loi dans le discours judiciaire : l’article 15 de l’Édit Perpétuel de 1611 dans le ressort du Parlement de Flandre
Dominique Gaurier, Les préambules des ordonnances françaises aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles : propagande royale ou véritable programme législatif ?
Serge Dauchy, Faisons deffenses de traitter ny donner aucunes boissons enyvrantes aux Sauvages. Politique coloniale et conflits de pouvoir en Nouvelle-France (1657-1668)
Les Pays-Bas autrichiens et le royaume des Pays-Bas. Des Lumières aux Révolutions : Ancien Régime et renouveau des idées (XVIIIe-XIXe siècle)Sébastien Dubois, La publication des ordonnances dans les Pays-Bas autrichiens. Souveraineté, légalité, publicité
Claude Bruneel, Les ventes publiques en Brabant au XVIIIe siècle. Formes et procédures
Maxime Tondeur, La population civile, acteur majeur de la chasse aux déserteurs : un aperçu de l’évolution de la législation sur l’aide à la désertion dans les Pays-Bas autrichiens
Bernard Vandermeesch, Ces lois « qui ne sont pas des lois ». Doctrines et justifications ecclésiastiques contre le nouvel ordre législatif à la fin de l’Ancien Régime en Belgique
Fred Stevens, Guillaume Ier, codificateur du royaume des Pays-Bas et la « renationalisation » du droit (1815-1831)
Variations sur l’histoire du droit et son actualité
Paul De Win, La maison rasée. Regard historique sur les mesures et sanctions envers la demeure des contrevenants et malfaiteurs du moyen âge à nos jours
Annette Ruelle, Le pèlerin et la norme. L’art de la formule dans l’ancien droit romain, ou l’invention de l’État de droit par le rite
Jacques Krynen, Bien légiférer aujourd’hui. Lire Dupin, Bacon, Rebuffe et les autres… Promenade à reculons
Practical information:
Le présent bulletin de souscription est à renvoyer aux Presses de l’Université Saint-Louis, 43 Boulevard du Jardin Botanique, B-1000 Bruxelles ou à l’adresse pusl@usaintlouis.be avant le 30 septembre pour bénéficier du prix préférentiel de 45 €. Le montant sera de 65 € après cette date.
Règlement par virement bancaire sur le compte des Presses de l’Université Saint-Louis avec la communication « Souscription JM Cauchies + Nom et Prénom ».
IBAN : BE 44 0680 5185 8045 – BIC : GKCCBEBBSource: RMBLF.be.
Categories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Comparative Legal History IV (2016), No. 1

(image source: Taylor&Francis)
Comparative Legal History, the international peer reviewed journal of this society, published the first issue of its fourth volume (2016) on 13 June 2016. Our members received a hard copy, as part of the membership fee.

Contents:

  • Preface (Séan Patrick Donlan, Aniceto Masferrer Domingo)
  • "Ulrik Huber on fundamental laws: a European perspective" (Gustaaf Van Nifterik) (PDF)
  • "Inheritance from Uncle Sam: the American influence on Israeli succession law" (Amihai Radzyner (PDF)
  • ‘So, you want us to be Englishmen … ’: Jovellanos and British influence on Spain’s first modern parliament (1808–1810) (Ignacio Fernández Sarasol) (PDF)
Book reviews:
  • Jacques Cujas (1522–1590): Jurisconsulte humaniste (Niels de Bruijn) (PDF)
  • Customary law in Hungary: courts, texts, and the Tripartitum (Attila Harmathy) (PDF)
  • Re-interpreting Blackstone’s Commentaries: a seminal text in national and international contexts (RH Helmholz) (PDF)
  • Codification, transplants and history: law reform in Louisiana (1808) and Quebec (1866) (Olivier Moréteau) (PDF)
Categories: Comparative Law News

EUtopia: We the people of the European Union...

Juris Diversitas - Sat, 07/09/2016 - 19:54
Olivier Moréteau launched a new blog, EUtopia, to rethink the European Union in a context of crisis: 
"A fully independent place to rethink the European Union in the perspective of the people and in view of promoting a healthy debate on its future. The approach is meant to encompass multiple dimensions of European integration: historical, philosophical, spiritual, political, legal, economical, sociological, demographic, linguistic etc. in view of proposing elements for a Constitution of the EU, with a federalist inspiration."
Read his draft preamble for a Constitution for the EU.
Categories: Comparative Law News

LA JUSTICE CONSTITUTIONNELLE AU BÉNIN

Juris Diversitas - Fri, 07/08/2016 - 11:47
LA JUSTICE CONSTITUTIONNELLE AU BÉNINLogiques politique et sociale

Eric Ngango Youmbi

Préface de Frédéric Joël Aïvo
Études africaines - Droit
DROIT, JUSTICE AFRIQUE NOIRE Bénin 

Le présent ouvrage, destiné aux enseignants, chercheurs, praticiens du droit, acteurs de la société civile, citoyens, est construit sur l'exploitation de 23 ans de jurisprudence. Il est une contribution déterminante à la connaissance et la vulgarisation des droits africains. L'auteur se positionne en précepteur enflammé de la doctrine de la « déconstruction-reconstruction », qui propose de construire sur les décombres des thèses classiques, un système de droit public bâti sur la lutte contre les immunités du pouvoir et tourné corrélativement vers la protection des droits et libertés individuels.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Maksymilian DEL MAR & Michael LOBBAN (eds.), Law in Theory and History. New Essays on a Neglected Dialogue. Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2016, 352 p. ISBN 9781849467995, £ 75

 (image source: Bloomsbury)
Maksymilian Del Mar (Queen Mary University School of Law) and Michael (LSE Law) have published an edited volume assembling essays on the "neglected dialogue" between legal theory and legal history.

Book presentation:
This collection of original essays brings together leading legal historians and theorists to explore the oft-neglected but important relationship between these two discplines. Legal historians have often been sceptical of theory. The methodology which informs their own work is often said to be an empirical one, of gathering information from the archives and presenting it in a narrative form. The narrative produced by history is often said to be provisional, insofar as further research in the archives might falsify present understandings and demand revisions. On the other side, legal theorists are often dismissive of historical works. History itself seems to many theorists not to offer any jurisprudential insights of use for their projects: at best, history is a repository of data and examples, which may be drawn on by the theorist for her own purposes. The aim of this collection is to invite participants from both sides to ask what lessons legal history can bring to legal theory, and what legal theory can bring to history. What is the theorist to do with the empirical data generated by archival research? What theories should drive the historical enterprise, and what wider lessons can be learned from it? This collection brings together a number of major theorists and legal historians to debate these ideas. Table of contents:
Part I: Introducing the Dialogue between Legal Theory and Legal History
Legal Theory and Legal History: Prospects for Dialogue  (Michael Lobban) (3-21)
Beyond Universality and Particularity, Necessity and Contingency:
On Collaboration Between Legal Theory and Legal History (Maks Del Mar) (22-38)
Legal Theory and Legal History: A View from Anthropology (Fernanda Pirie) (39-44)
Legal Theory and Legal History: Which Legal Theory? (Sionaidh Douglas-Scott) (45-53)

Part II: Methodology and Historiography
Historicism and Materiality in Legal Theory (Christopher Tomlins) (57-83)
Legal Consciousness: A Metahistory (Jonathan Gorman) (84-105)
Modelling Law Diachronically: Temporal Variability in Legal Theory (Maks Del Mar) (108-126)
Is Comparative Law Necessary for Legal Theory? (John Bell) (127-146)

Part III: The History of Theory
Reading Juristic Theories In and Beyond Historical Context: The Case of Lundstedt’s Swedish Legal Realism (Roger Cotterrell) (149-166)
Legal Realism and Natural Law (Dan Priel & Charles Barzun) (167-187)
The Role of Rules: Legal Maxims in Early-modern Common Law Principle and Practice (Ian Williams) (188-205)
Theory in History: Positivism, Natural Law and Conjectural History in Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-century English Legal Thought (Michael Lobban) (206-231)

Part IV: Uses and Limits of Theory in History
Legal History and Legal Theory Shaking Hands: Towards a Gentleman’s Agreement About a Definition of the State (Jean-Louis Halpérin and Pierre Brunet) (233-249)
Law, Self-interest, and the Smithian Conscience (Joshua Getzler) (250-283)
The Practical Dimension of Legal Reasoning (Stephen Waddams) (284-304)
Corrective Justice—An Idea Whose Time Has Gone?  (Steve Hedley) (305-327)

Afterword
How History Does and Does Not Bear on Jurisprudence (Brian Z Tamanaha) (329-340) More information here.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Massimo MECCARELLI & Maria Julia SOLLA SASTRE (eds.), Spatial and Temporal Dimensions for Legal History. Research Experiences and Itineraries [Global Perspectives on Legal History]. Frankfurt am Main: MPI for European Legal History, 2016, VI +...

(image source: MPI for European Legal History)
The Max Planck Institute for European Legal History added a sixth volume to its Global Perspectives on Legal History Series (ISSN 2196-9752).

Book presentation:
The spatiotemporal conjunction is a fundamental aspect of the juridical reflection on the historicity of law. Despite the fact that it seems to represent an issue directly connected with the question of where legal history is heading today, it still has not been the object of a focused inquiry. Against this background, the book’s proposal consists in rethinking key confluences related to this problem in order to provide coordinates for a collective understanding and dialogue.
The aim of this volume, however, is not to offer abstract methodological considerations, but rather to rely both on concrete studies, out of which a reflection on this conjunction emerges, as well as on the reconstruction of certain research lines featuring a spatiotemporal component.
This analytical approach makes a contribution by providing some suggestions for the employment of space and time as coordinates for legal history. Indeed, contrary to those historiographical attitudes reflecting a monistic conception of space and time (as well as a Eurocentric approach), the book emphasises the need for a delocalized global perspective. In general terms, the essays collected in this book intend to take into account the multiplicity of the spatiotemporal confines, the flexibility of those instruments that serve to create chronologies and scenarios, as well as certain processes of adaptation of law to different times and into different spaces.
The spatiotemporal dynamism enables historians not only to detect new perspectives and dimensions in foregone themes, but also to achieve new and compelling interpretations of legal history. As far as the relationship between space and law is concerned, the book analyses experiences in which space operates as a determining factor of law, e.g. in terms of a field of action for law. Moreover, it outlines the attempted scales of spatiality in order to develop legal historical research. With reference to the connection between time and law, the volume sketches the possibility of considering the factor of time, not just as a descriptive tool, but as an ascriptive moment (quasi an inner feature) of a legal problem, thus making it possible to appreciate the synchronic aspects of the ‘juridical experience’.
As a whole, the volume aims to present spatiotemporality as a challenge for legal history. Indeed, reassessing the value of the spatiotemporal coordinates for legal history implies thinking through both the thematic and methodological boundaries of the discipline. Table of contents:
Introduction3Massimo Meccarelli, María Julia Solla Sastre
Spatial and Temporal Dimensions for Legal History:
An IntroductionExperiences27Pietro Costa
A ‘Spatial Turn’ for Legal History? A Tentative Assessment63Javier Barrientos Grandon
Sobre el “Espacio” y el “Tiempo” y el “Estado de las Personas”.
Una mirada desde la Historia del Derecho101Alejandro Agüero
Local Law and Localization of Law. Hispanic Legal Tradition and Colonial Culture (16th –18th Centuries)131Marta Lorente Sariñena
Uti possidetis, ita domini eritis. International Law and the Historiography of the TerritoryItineraries175Paolo Cappellini
Carl Schmitt revisited. Ripensare il Concetto di ‘Grande Spazio’ (Großraum) in un Contesto Globale195Laura Beck Varela
The Diffusion of Law Books in Early Modern Europe:
A Methodological Approach241Floriana Colao
Per una Storia del Processo Penale «all’Italiana». «Astratte Modellistiche» e «Abitudini Profondamente Radicate»279Giacomo Pace Gravina
Beyond the Lighthouse. Sicily and the ‘Sicilies’:
Institutional Readings of a Borderland289Contributors
Conformably to the tradition of this series, all volumes can be downloaded for free.

Fulltext here.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Yasuaki ONUMA, Le droit international et le Japon : une vision trans-civilisationnelle du monde [Doctrines: Ecole de Droit Sciences Po Paris] (Paris: Pedone, 2016), 398 p. ISBN 978-2-233-00798-8, € 44


(image source: LGDJ)
Book presentation:
Selon Yasuaki Onuma, grand théoricien et historien japonais du droit international, si le droit international est généralement considéré comme un droit commun à toute l'humanité, ce constat doit être examiné de façon critique pour être dépassé. Un droit international plus légitime d'un point de vue global, représentant le monde non occidental, doit être écrit et mis en oeuvre. Les contributions présentées dans cet ouvrage reflètent plus précisément deux préoccupations fondamentales qui ont accompagné l'auteur toute sa vie. Dans les textes rassemblés dans la première partie, il a cherché à clarifier les limites du droit international actuel, tourné vers l'Occident, cherchant à surmonter celles-ci en proposant une approche « trans-civilisationnelle » ou « inter-civilisationnelle » qui permettrait à la fois de s'engager en faveur d'un système global plus légitime et de comprendre de manière plus pertinente les questions associées à l'international, à l'universel et au global. Dans les textes de la deuxième partie, il a tenté d'élucider les liens entre le Japon moderne et l'ordre juridique international. Ces liens sont fondamentalement ambivalents, le Japon étant un État non occidental et pourtant occidentalisé. Ainsi a-t-il lutté contre l'hégémonie occidentale mais en a-t-il reproduit certains des pires traits (colonialisme, guerre d'agression, sentiments racistes et discriminatoires, basés sur la nationalité, à l'encontre des peuples « non-blancs »). Fort d'une formation qui emprunte à différentes cultures et de sa qualité de Japonais, fondamentalement asiatique mais également occidentalisé, Yasuaki ONUMA est particulièrement autorisé à proposer sa thèse majeure en faveur d'un déplacement du droit international « occidentalo-centré » au profit d'une approche de celui-ci qui se nourrit de l'apport mutuel des civilisations.On the author:
Yasuaki Onuma, est professeur distingué de l'Université Meiji et professeur émérite de droit international de l'Université de Tokyo. Ses principales publications sont A Transcivilizational Perspective on International Law (Martinus Nijhoff, Leiden/Boston, 2010) ; (en tant qu'éditeur) A Normative Approach to War: Peace, War, and Justice in Hugo Grotius (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1993) et, en japonais, Senso sekinin ron Josetsu (Prolegoma to the Responsibility for War) (Tokyo University Press, 1975).   More information with LGDJ.
Categories: Comparative Law News

PAPER ON SSRN: Samuel MOYN (Harvard), From Aggression to Atrocity: Rethinking the History of International Criminal Law

(image source: SSRN)
Prof. Samuel Moyn (Harvard) posted "From Aggression to Atrocity: Rethinking the History of International Criminal Law" on SSRN.

Abstract:
Explaining the shift from the priority of the charge of "aggression" in the beginning of the field of international criminal law to its exclusion in the age of the its reinvention around a suite of atrocity charges is the central task for historians in understanding this domain — and it also should matter for observers of the world today. Yet routinely, international criminal law is presented as running through a smooth trajectory, rather than a stark reversal or at least massive shift. For this reason, this essay gathers together elements for a case for the transformation in the first place, and floats some hypotheses about its timing and causes. (Source: International Law Reporter)
Categories: Comparative Law News

Call For Papers: Special Issue of Canadian Journal of Women and the Law/Revue femmes et droit

Juris Diversitas - Tue, 07/05/2016 - 18:55
Appel à communications – édition spéciale dans la Revue femmes et droit Commémoration des travaux de la professeure Nicole LaVioletteLa Revue femmes et droit sollicite des observations rédigées en français sur l’intersection des LGBTQ et des réfugiés. Cette édition spéciale commémore les travaux de la professeure Nicole LaViolette dont le travail a contribué à mieux comprendre les croisements entre l’orientation et l’identité sexuelles et la migration forcée au Canada et à l’échelle internationale. Dans ce numéro spécial, on cherche à faire avancer les travaux de la professeure LaViolette. Les auteurs sont invités à puiser dans une bibliographie annotée que la professeure LaViolette et Mary Kapron ont compilée en vue de générer des idées ou de l’utiliser comme source (http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2457503) Les articles, d’une longueur maximale de 10 000 mots, doivent être finalisés d’ici le 1er octobre 2016.Call for papers – Special Issue in Canadian Journal of Women and the LawCommemorating the work of Professor Nicole LaVioletteThe Canadian Journal of Women and the Law is welcoming submissions written in French on the intersection of LGBTQ and refugees. The special edition is commemorating the work of Professor Nicole LaViolette whose work contributed to understanding the intersection of sexual orientation and gender with forced migration both in Canada and internationally. The edition hopes to further the work of Professor LaViolette. Writers are welcome to mine an annotated bibliography that Professor LaViolette and Mary Kapron compiled to generate ideas or use as source material (http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2457503).  Papers no more than 10,000 words must be completed by October 1, 2016.
Categories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR EXTRA BLOGGERS (Deadline 18 Jul 2016)



The European Society for Comparative Legal History calls upon all persons interested to join its blogging team for the present blog (http://esclh.blogspot.com). We aim to cover all legal traditions within the Society’s activities, continental, common law as well as mixed systems. The ESCLH blog is the blog of reference in Europe for comparative legal history. We aim to enrich its current messaging function by extending our team.

Proposals can be sent to esclhblog@gmail.com by 18 July 2016 at the latest.
Categories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Mario BRETONE, Histoire du droit romain [Monde Antique], Paris: Delga, 2016, 509 p. Translated to French by Luigi-Alberto Sanchi. ISBN 9782915854985, € 35


(image source: Nomodos)
Nomodos signals the publication of Mario Bretone's Histoire du droit romain.

Abstract:
Ce livre, qui a déjà fait l'objet de quinze éditions en Italie, trace un profil complètement nouveau de l'histoire du droit romain. L'expérience juridique n'apparaît pas divisée, selon un schéma habituel, en secteurs qui peinent parfois à trouver un point de rencontre : le droit public et privé, le droit pénal, les « sources » de production et de compréhension normative, le procès ; mais elle est étudiée dans ses structures fondamentales et dans les « valeurs » qui la guident, dans sa constitution et ses mutations, des Douze Tables jusqu'à la codification justinienne. Terminus d'un long parcours, la codification justinienne prend place entre un passé et un futur ; elle clôt une histoire du droit romain, mais est également à la base de la culture juridique byzantine comme de celle de l'Europe médiévale et moderneOn author and translator:
 Traduit de l'italien par Luigi-Alberto Sanchi (CNRS).Mario Bretone (Naples, 1932) est professeur émérite de Droit romain à l'Université de Bari, après avoir enseigné également à l'Université de Florence et, à Naples, au « Centro di studi romanistici Vincenzo Arangio-Ruiz ». Il est membre de l'Accademia dei Lincei.
Categories: Comparative Law News

JOB VACANCY: Academic Assistant (100%), Interdisciplinary Study of Law, Free University of Brussels (VUB); DEADLINE 16/07.

 
The department Interdisciplinary Studies of Law (JURI) at the Free University of Brussels (VUB) is recruiting a full-time academic assistant (100%), starting 1 October 2016.

Function profile:
Requirements:
The application process is 100% online. Candidacies should be submitted by 16 July 2016 at the latest. Full job description (in Dutch) and link to the application module can be found here.

More information with prof. dr. Paul De Hert, head of the department (Paul.De.Hert@vub.ac.be).
Categories: Comparative Law News

ESCLH CONFERENCE 2016: Winner of the Best Poster Presentation Prize: Viktória Gyönki for "Verðr sekr - Different Narrations of Outlawry in Medieval Icelandic Sources"


 Viktória Gyönki (Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Faculty of Medieval and Early Modern History/University of Iceland) won the Best Poster Presentation Prize at the 4th Biennal Conference of our Society for her informative display on "Different Narrations of Outlawry in Medieval Icelandic Sources". She was selected during the Poster Presentation session on Thursday 30 June in the Pommerian Park of Technology by a jury of experts. The Prize was awarded on Friday 1 July in the Faculty of Law and Administration, in presence of ESCLH president Prof. dr. Aniceto Masferrer Domingo and Vice-President Prof. dr. Philip Hellwege.





The winning poster can be consulted here.
Categories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis/Revue d'Histoire du Droit/The Legal History Review LXXXIV (2016), No. 1-2

(image source: Brill)
The Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis/Revue d'Histoire du Droit/Legal History Review published its first issue of 2016 (vol. LXXXIV).

Contents:
  • "Diplomacy and Advocacy. The case of the King of Denmark v. Dutch Skippers before the Danzig City Council (1564–1567)
" (Justyna Wubs-Mrozewicz & Alain Wijffels) (1-53)
  •  "Les lois romaines définissant des parentèles (IIIe s. av. J.-C. ‒ Ier s. apr. J.-C.)" (Philippe Moreau) (54-96)
  • "An Aulus Gellius ‘commentary’ on Masurius Sabinus (Noct. Att. 11.18)
" (Federico Battaglia) (97-148)
  •  "Hypothekarische Sukzession
" (Dietmar Schanbacher) (149-164)
  • "The status of ambassadors in Lucas de Penna’s Commentary on the Tres Libri" (Dante Fedele) (165-192)
  • "'Usages and Customs of the Sea’
 Étienne Cleirac and the making of maritime law in seventeenth-century France
" (Francesco Trivellato) (193-224)
  • "Property beyond princely authority: the intellectual and legal roots of Ulrik Huber’s fundamental law
" (Gustaaf van Nifterik) (225-244)
  • "Professorial opinions and Scottish-Dutch legal relations at the turn of the eighteenth century
" (John Finlay) (245-289)
  • "The political and legal views of Mikhail Speranskiy in the Rules on the Siberian Kirghiz" (Roman Yu. Pochekaev) (290-312)
  • "Recent Research in the history of international law" (Frederik Dhondt (313-334)
Book Reviews:
  •  "Spätantike Zwangsverbände zur Versorgung der römischen Bevölkerung, Rechtshistorische Untersuchungen zu Codex Theodosianus 13.5–9 sowie 14.2–4, written by Chr. Heuft, 2013.
" (Boudewijn Sirks) (335-342)
  • "Die Collectio Cheltenhamensis: eine englische Decretalensammlung, Analyse beruhend auf Vorarbeiten von Walther Holtzmann (†), written by Gisela Drossbach, 2014
" (Jan Hallebeek, 343)
  • "Urkundenregesten zur Tätigkeit des deutschen Königs- und Hofgerichts bis 1451, Band 16: Die Zeit Ruprechts 1404–1406, bearb. v. U. Rödel, herausgegeben von B. Diestelkamp, 2013
" (Paul Nève) (344-345)
  • "Vom einstufigen Gericht zur obersten Rechtsmittelinstanz, Die deutsche Königsgerichtsbarkeit und die Verdichtung der Reichsverfassung im Spätmittelalter, geschreven door B. Diestelkamp, 2014
" (Paul Nève) (346-350)
  • "Gemeine Bescheide, Teil 1: Reichskammergericht 1497–1805, herausgegeben von P. Oestmann, 2013
" (Paul Nève) (351-353)
Other:
  • Chronique (355-365)
  • "Nécrologie: In Memoriam Emile Christian Coppens, 1947-2015" (Gero R. Dolezalek)
  •  "Nécrologie: In memoriam Frank Pieter Willem Soetermeer, 1949–2016
" (Laurens Winkel)
More information at Brill Journals and Books Online.
 

Categories: Comparative Law News

Le droit comparé et... / Comparative Law and...

Juris Diversitas - Fri, 07/01/2016 - 13:17
This volume gathers papers presented at the Juris Diversitas Annual Conference 2014, which was organized with and hosted by the Aix-Marseille University Faculty of Law. The general theme reveals the essence of Juris Diversitas as an international, interdisciplinary community originally composed of comparative law scholars, conversing with anthropologists, geographers, historians, philosophers, economists, linguists, sociologists, to explore the interaction of the law with all branches of human and social sciences. The chapters are arranged in sections that complete the title of the volume: comparative law and … methodology, sources, constitutions, history, liability, property, the courts, East Asia, and beyond.

Ce volume rassemble des contributions présentées au Congrès annuel de Juris Diversitas organisé avec la Faculté de droit d’Aix-Marseille Université en juillet 2014. Le thème général illustre l’essence de Juris Diversitas comme communauté internationale et interdisciplinaire composée à l’origine de comparatistes dialoguant avec des anthropologues, géographes, historiens, philosophes, économistes, linguistes, sociologues, pour explorer les interactions du phénomène juridique avec toutes les branches des sciences humaines et sociales. Les chapitres sont regroupés en sections complétant le titre du volume : le droit comparé et… la méthodologie, les sources, les constitutions, l’histoire, la responsabilité, les biens, le juge, l’Asie de l’Est et au-delà.

Table of contents / Table des matières
Categories: Comparative Law News

Fashion Law: Comparing Top Models

Juris Diversitas - Fri, 07/01/2016 - 12:05
On Fashion: Introductory RemarksBY SUSY INÉS BELLO KNOLL AT JURIS DIVERSITAS CONFERENCE 2016.With JURIS DIVERSITAS I am crossing boundaries: I am a lawyer and accountant from Buenos Aires University, Argentine; PHD in Law from Salamanca, Spain.  Europe and Latin America. Art and Law. We have decided to share and point out the work we’ve been doing in the field of fashion law.When talking about a creative industry, such as fashion, as we are going to show today, the most important area within fashion law is Intellectual Property.We can start by asking a question: What is fashion law?First: what is fashion for you? A group of designers in Buenos Aires told me these words. Expression, culture, cycle, social event. I consider that these words can define fashion. EXPRESSION: because people express many things through clothes, for example. And also it is part of culture, of the values that a society considers relevant. It expresses the times that we live in, even our individuality.Fashion is “a form of imitation and so of social equalization, but paradoxically, iit is changing continually, it differentiates one time from another and one social stratum from another”. This is a definition from  sociology.  And Georg Simmel, its author, is a sociologist.But for one French woman, who is one of the ten most important persons of the last century, Coco Chanel, “fashion is not only…. something is present in dresses only. Fashion is in the sky, in the street, fashion has to do with ideas, the way we live, what is happening”.It operates both as a cultural phenomenon and as a highly complex business.Let’s know more about the characteristics of the fashion business only in garments. Even if we consider there is fashion in music, education, books, architecture and more.When it comes to garments, you know that fashion has different seasons and maybe you know about the fashion weeks. The most important of them stars in New York in September, and after that, the same event will take place again in London, Paris and the last one will be in Milano by October. Special weeks organized by brands like Mercedes Benz Fashion Week or by cities such as Buenos Aires Fashion Week.Apparel manufacturers produce between four to six seasonal lines per year. This happens without taking into account the the speed of fashion phenomenon, where countless lines are produced throughout a year.Generally, companies work on three seasonal lines at the same time: they check the sales of one, supervise the production of the second, and finally they design and cost the third one.The fashion industry is among the most aspirational, industrious and dynamic of all industries.It is very fragmentary. We have got designers, brands, retails, outsourcing manufacture, journalists, models and more people with their own specializations. Its supply chain is long and convoluted, and often involves travelling between factories and countries, contractors and subcontractors, investors and employees.I want to take some minutes to analyze, as the marketing professor Bracey Wilson does in Chile, the Armani Galaxy of brands to show you the complexity of the industry. First, we find ARMANI PRIVÉ. This is haute couture and exclusive. It has only one shop in Milano and two Hotels: one in Milano and other one in Dubai. Second, we find GIORGIO ARMANI or ARMANI COLLECTION and its aspirational concept. Third, we find EMPORIO ARMANI for young people. Four: A/X ARMANI EXCHANGE for football players. And ARMANI JEANS for big stores, ARMANI juniors and Armani Home. And we can find the same Galaxy of brands in Ralph Lauren Group of companies.Luxury fashion lasts four months, Fashion Basic only six, and Basic Basic Fashion where you find T-shirts and underwear, which lasts the whole year.And also, you have different sizes and different colors. A typical jeans manufacturer will sell as many as 10,000 to 20,000 jeans for example. And a big manufacturer:  one million.So the economic impact is very important. Let’s see the numbers: one trillion US dollars all around the world, all along the year. 20% of this is luxury market and 0,60% is eco luxury.That is fashion…., but what is law? Law is rules.When we refer to fashion, most of the rules are Intellectual Property ones, as the ones we find in trademark law, trade dress, patents, copyright. But there are other rules, for example, how to set up companies, commercial agreements, human rights (we think of this when we see a extremely thin model), contemporary slaves (when we see children working at a factory), pollution (when we look at the water disposition). The economic, political and cultural issues associated with the production are complex and the consumption of fashion impacts upon all sectors of law.Many sciences take fashion as an object of study but Law centers have not studied it well enough. We do not expect to seek new legislation. We want to study the rules with a different glass: a fashion glass. We want to study the rules from all around the world because they are different. We started these studies in Argentina three years ago but it had already started in US back in 2007 with Susan Scafidi at Fordahm University.As a consequence of our commitment with this study, we set up a non profit organization: Fashion law Institute Argentina. Link to our work.Bibliography:
  • “A survey of fashion law”, Fashion law, edited by Guillermo C. Jimenez & Barbara Kolsun, Fairchild Books, Second Edition, New York, 2014.
  • “Derecho y Moda”, edited by Susy Inés Bello Knoll & Pamela Echeverría, Marcial Pons, Buenos Aires, 2014.
Categories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE & CFP: "Quantity and Quantification in History" (Porto, November 18-19 2016)


WHAT Quantity and Quantification in History, XXXVI Conference of the APHES (Portuguese Association of Economic and Social History)

WHEN November 18-19 2016
WHERE Faculdade de Economia do Porto, Porto (Portugal)
The city of Porto will host the 36th Annual Meeting of the APHES, which will take place at the Faculty of Economics of the University of Porto on the 18 and 19 November 2016
New Extended deadline for proposals: 30 June 2016Communication of acceptation: before 31 July 2016
Keynote Speaker: Professor Bruce Campbell, Queen’s University, Belfast (“Measuring the Medieval Economy”)

Theme
The theme chosen for this meeting is “Quantity and Quantification in History”. In Portugal and throughout Europe, the last decade saw the emergence of major research projects dedicated to the collection of vast quantities of historical data, though not necessarily by historians. This coincided with the development of new quantification methods and tools, in both History and in other disciplines. This poses challenges that historiography cannot be indifferent to. On one side, this trend stimulates historians to experiment with increasingly demanding, but also increasingly rewarding, quantitative methodologies. On the other side, heuristics, hermeneutics and the very rules of their craft mean that historians possess a unique vantage point on these datasets and on the sources they are built upon. Either way, quantitative research on historical data enhances the role of Economic and Social History in the frontier with the remaining social sciences.


Thus, we call for all researchers to be present in our 36th Annual Meeting to discuss their research on quantity and quantification or in other fields within Economic and Social History.
Other TopicsAs usually, the APHES Conference welcomes research in all fields of Economic and Social History, even if not directly related with the main theme.
Panel Sessions and Individual Communications We invite proposals for full Panel Sessions and for Individual Presentations. The latter should be 15-minute individual presentations and will be combined into sessions of three or four speakers on the program. Panel Sessions are scheduled for 90 minutes and would consist of at least three 15-minute presentations with at least 15-20 minutes for questions and discussion.
Guidelines:1.    We only accept one communication per person.2.  To submit a proposal, we require an abstract of up to 500 words, a working title and brief curriculum vitae of the author.3.     Individual communications and panels have to be in Portuguese or English.
APHES Prize for young researchersWe encourage young researchers to apply with their communications to our annual prize.The applicable rules can be consulted at the association website.Applications should be emailed to the Organizing Committee before 3 October 2016 aphes36@fep.up.pt.
APHES funding APHES offers some funding opportunities for students (more information in aphes36@fep.up.pt)
Scientific CommitteeJosé Luís Cardoso (ICS – UL) – PresidentAntónio Castro Henriques (FE – UP)Benedita Câmara (UM)Fernanda Olival (CIDEHUS – UE)Fernando de Sousa (CEPESE – UP)Leonor Freire Costa (ISEG - UL)Susana Miranda (Leiden Univ.)
Organizing CommitteeMaria do Pilar Gonzalez (FE – UP)Diogo Melo Lourenço (FE – UP)Graça Maciel (FE – UP)Pedro Nuno Teixeira (Vice-Rector UP)António Castro Henriques (FE – UP)
Categories: Comparative Law News

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