Forensic Dentistry Program


McGill University’s forensic dentistry program in collaboration with the Laboratoire de sciences judiciaires et de médecine légale presents a unique opportunity of blending theory with hands-on practice.

The theory is delivered on the Internet in Modules 1, 2 and 3 while each of the Modules 4 and 5, is applied at the Laboratoire de sciences judiciaires et de médecine légale in Montreal during an intensive one week hands on practicum.

Definition of Forensic Dentistry

Forensic dentistry, or forensic odontology, is the application of dental and paradental knowledge to the solution of legal issues in civil and in criminal matters.

Forensic Dentistry involves

  • Dental Age Estimation (DAE)
  • Identification of the living and the deceased
  • Bitemark identification, analysis, and comparison
  • Lip print identification, analysis, and comparison
  • Rugae print identification, analysis, and comparison
  • Patterned injury identification, analysis, and comparison
  • Identification of dental specimens at a crime scene or elsewhere
  • Evaluation of oro-facial trauma and compensation
  • Malpractice and negligence in dentistry

Means of identification

  • TEETH: natural and synthetic (fixed and removable)
  • BONE: trabecular pattern, tori and osseous anomalies
  • PRESENCE OF FOREIGN BODIES: implants, unretrieved amalgam particles, surgical instruments, bullets, fragments of various origins
  • SINUS CONFIGURATION: maxillary and frontal
  • SOFT TISSUE FEATURES: rugae (rugoscopy) and lip (cheiloscopy, quieloscopy) prints
  • PHOTOGRAPHIC COMPARISON: Facial or dental superimposition or approximation
  • DNA