Autonomy in Applied Robotics - Case Studies in Surgical and Agrifood Robotics

Tuesday, March 28, 2023 16:00to17:00
McConnell Engineering Building Zames Seminar Room, MC 437, 3480 rue University, Montreal, QC, H3A 0E9, CA
CIM Seminar in Robotic Mechanical Systems 
Speaker: Prof. Tamas Haidegger
Obuda University, 
University Research and Innovation Center 
Budapest, Hungary
The global scale adoption of robotics in the data age brings new challenges to researchers and engineers. Through the improved autonomy of systems, safety and reliability is becoming a major issue. This is becoming very visible in safety-critical domains, such as medicine or food processing. Even today, commercialized surgical robot systems are almost exclusively based on human-in-the-loop control or deterministic algorithmic solutions (such as registration techniques for image-guided technologies), and adaptive decision making expert systems are lagging. AI shows very promising results in the critical parts of surgery, such as vision, decision support, reasoning, diagnosis and situation awareness. AI can reduce the complexity of intra-operative workflow, provide prediction of patient outcome, efficiency enhancement postoperative reporting.
AI-based solutions can create a completely new sub-field, dubbed autonomous robotics, where the systems can provide autonomy supported by proper decision making and problem-solving capabilities. Similar approaches can be applied to the food processing industry, where the autonomous execution of subtasks is sought due to the increasing labor shortage. A particularly successful application from the red meat industry is to be presented. 
Tamás Haidegger received his MSc degrees from the Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME) in Electrical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering, then PhD in medical robotics. His main field of research is on medical technologies, control/teleoperation of surgical robots, image-guided therapy and digital health technologies. Currently, he is associate professor at Óbuda University, serving as the director of the University Research and Innovation Center (EKIK), and as the technical lead of medical robotics research at the Antal Bejczy Center for Intelligent Robotics. Besides, he is a research area manager at the Austrian Center of Medical Innovation and Technology (ACMIT), working on minimally invasive surgical simulation and training, medical robotics and usability/workflow assessment through ontologies.
He is the co-founder of a university spin-off—HandInScan—focusing on objective hand hygiene control in the medical environment, member of the World Health Organization POPS group. He is an active member of various other professional organizations, including the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society (serving as an associate VP), IEEE SMC, IEEE EMBC, IEEE SA and euRobotics aisbl, holding leadership positions in the IEEE Hungary Section as well. He is a national delegate to the ISO TC299 standardization committee focusing on the safety and performance of medical robots and the ISO TC 304 working on hand hygiene and patient safety standards, furthermore, involved in the IEEE Global Initiative on Ethics of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems. He is co-Editor-in-Chief of Acta Polytechnica Hungarica and Associate Editor to the IEEE Trans. on Medical Robotics and Bionics, the IEEE Robotics and Automation Magazine and the Intl. J. of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery.
Dr. Haidegger is the author and co-author of over 250 scientific papers, books, articles across the various domains of biomedical engineering, with over 2000 independent citations to his work. He has been running a professional blog on medical robotic technologies for over 15 years.
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