By Vardit Ravitsky, Associate Professor of Bioethics at the University of Montreal and Sarah Kimmins, Associate Professor at McGill University and Canada Research Chair in Epigenetics, Reproduction and Development.
Forty years ago last month, the first in vitro fertilization (IVF) baby, Louise Brown, was born. Since then, the performance and social acceptability of assisted reproduction has increased tremendously. To date, over eight million babies have been born using these technologies. With infertility on the rise, one in six couples is unable to conceive without such clinical intervention.