Plastics, textiles, and electronics have revolutionized our modern world, but their massive production has led to the accumulation of non-biodegradable and toxic wastes. This is a problem McGill researcher Noémie-Manuelle Dorval Courchesne hopes to have a hand in solving. Today she was named a Tier 2 Canada Research Chair in Biologically-Derived Materials, in recognition of the importance of her research for Canada’s future. Other new Chairs’ research projects will focus on pressing societal issues related to our sustainable future, to preserving the narratives of displaced persons, and on governing AI and the data that shape it, among other topics.
The Honourable François-Philippe Champagne, Minister of Innovation, Science, and Industry made the virtual announcement today of more than $295 million for science, research, and engineering in Canada through the Canada Research Chairs (CRC) 2020-2 cycle, the New Frontiers in Research Fund (NFRF) 2020 Transformation results, and the Tri-agency Scholarships and Fellowships. Granted in this round to McGill, nine new and eight renewed CRCs. McGill’s researchers will participate as co-Principal Investigators and collaborators on four NFRF-T projects.
“The Canada Research Chairs Program and the New Frontiers in Research Fund support gold-standard research that can chart new directions, forge national and international collaborations, and position McGill as a champion of global science,” says Martha Crago, Vice-Principal, Research and Innovation. “My sincere congratulations to the new and renewed CRCs and to the researchers who will help steer the NFRF Transformation projects announced today.”
New CRC Dorval Courchesne presented her research at the virtual announcement in conversation with Minster Champagne. “This research chair will be tremendously helpful in supporting my research efforts in the field of biologically-derived materials,” she said. “Over five years, it will help me recruit and financially support several talented graduate students and trainees. It will also facilitate my group's access to state-of-the-art facilities and foster collaborations, which will be crucial in our multidisciplinary field.”
The Dorval Lab for Biologically-Derived Materials & Devices is specifically designed for multidisciplinary research, working at the intersection of materials science, chemical engineering, synthetic biology, and nanotechnology. A virtual tour, which highlights many of the federal investments in equipment, can be seen here. Dorval Courchesne’s main research goal for the next few years is to fabricate materials derived from biological building blocks to solve sustainability challenges. Specifically, her group is interested in applying protein-based assemblies and "living" materials to create bio-plastics, functional textiles, and novel bio-electronics.
Living histories, living AI, and eco-systems under stress
Among the other new Tier 2 Chairs announced today is Diana Keown Allan, Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology, and a filmmaker, who is focused on the histories of the 1948 displacement of Palestinian refugees to Lebanon. Her project, the Anthropology of Living Archives, will employ ethnographic, archival, and audiovisual methods to explore the decolonizing potential of refugee narratives to challenge the logics of modern state-formation. She hopes her work will invite new ways of thinking about sovereignty, territoriality, and redress in an era of settler-colonial reparations.
Ignacio Cofone, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, will lead the project, Artificial Intelligence Law & Data Governance, with a specific focus on making AI less discriminatory and more accountable. Departing from the prevailing focus on remedying abuses, his research will examine how to prevent them.
Professors Murray Humphries, Director of the McGill Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment (CINE), and Treena Delormier and Hugo Melgar-Quinonez, both from the School of Human Nutrition, will play key roles in the NFRF-T project, Biodiversity Conservation and the Health and Well-being of Indigenous Peoples, led by the University of Alberta. In response to Canada's Truth and Reconciliation Commission and recommendations of recent global assessments to rethink conservation, research will focus on communities and ecosystems under stress, where biodiversity has been lost, species are at risk, and where land-use conflicts and lack of government protections have created conditions of vulnerability. “This initiative strengthens the position of CINE and McGill’s Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences to contribute to reconciliation and the well-being of Indigenous Peoples and biodiversity in Canada and globally,” says Humphries.
The CRC program is a tri-agency initiative of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC), the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHC).
NFRF-T supports world-leading interdisciplinary, international, high-risk/high-reward, transformative and rapid-response Canadian research. Under the strategic direction of the Canada Research Coordinating Committee, it is administered by the Tri-agency Institutional Programs Secretariat, which is housed within the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC), on behalf of Canada’s three research granting agencies: SSHRC, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council.
- List of McGill’s new and renewed 2020 CRCs and NFRF-T collaborators
- Government of Canada supports research excellence through new and renewed Canada Research Chairs
About McGill University
Founded in Montreal, Quebec, in 1821, McGill University is Canada’s top ranked medical doctoral university. McGill is consistently ranked as one of the top universities, both nationally and internationally. It is a world-renowned institution of higher learning with research activities spanning three campuses, 11 faculties, 13 professional schools, 300 programs of study and over 40,000 students, including more than 10,200 graduate students. McGill attracts students from over 150 countries around the world, its 12,800 international students making up 31% of the student body. Over half of McGill students claim a first language other than English, including approximately 19% of our students who say French is their mother tongue.