QLS Seminar Series - Matthew Stephens

Event

QC, CA

A simple new approach to variable selection in regression, with application to genetic fine-mapping

Matthew Stephens, University of Chicago
Tuesday September 28, 12-1pm
Zoom Link: https://mcgill.zoom.us/j/85428056343

Abstract: We introduce a simple new approach to variable selection in linear regression, and to quantifying uncertainty in selected variables. The approach is based on a new model – the ``Sum of Single Effects'' (SuSiE) model -- which comes from writing the sparse vector of regression coefficients as a sum of ``single-effect'' vectors, each with one non-zero element. We also introduce a corresponding new fitting procedure -- Iterative Bayesian Stepwise Selection (IBSS) -- which is a Bayesian analogue of stepwise selection methods. IBSS shares the computational simplicity and speed of traditional stepwise methods, but instead of selecting a single variable at each step, IBSS computes a {\it distribution} on variables that captures uncertainty in which variable to select. The method leads to a convenient, novel, way to summarize uncertainty in variable selection, and provides a Credible Set for each selected variable. Our methods are particularly well suited to settings where variables are highly correlated and true effects are sparse, both of which are characteristics of genetic fine-mapping applications. We demonstrate through numerical experiments that our methods outperform existing methods for this task.

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Alex DeGuise
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QLS
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coordinator.qls [at] mcgill.ca
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