Archaeologist with an expertise in the behaviour of prehistoric hunter-gatherers and the evolution of mind, intelligence and language.
American evolutionary biologist who linked common diseases of unknown origin to chronic low-level infections from viruses, bacteria or protozoa.
American physical anthropologist and educator who opposed the teaching of creationism in schools.
Austrian chemist known as the "Father of the Pill" for his role in the development of the first birth control pill.
French research scientist who received the Nobel Prize for his discovery of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
English nurse who founded the first modern hospice and was responsible for establishing the discipline and the culture of palliative care.
British physician, best-selling author, and professor of neurology, known as “the poet laureate of medicine”.
American science journalist and author of The End of Science: Facing the Limits of Science in the Twilight of the Scientific Age.
French politician, diplomat and doctor, who co-founded the Nobel peace prize-winning Médecins Sans Frontières.