Program Requirements
Students entering this program for the first time should have high standing in mathematics and physics. In addition, a student who has not completed the equivalent of MATH 222 must take it in the first term without receiving credit toward the 78 credits required in the Honours program.
A student whose average in the required and complementary courses in any year falls below a GPA of 3.00, or whose grade in any individual required or complementary course falls below a C (unless it is improved to a C or higher in a supplementary examination or by retaking the course), may not register in the Honours program the following year, or graduate with the Honours degree, except with the permission of the Department.
Program Prerequisites
Students entering Physics programs from the Freshman program must have successfully completed the courses below or their equivalents. Quebec students must have completed the DEC with appropriate science and mathematics courses.

CHEM 110 General Chemistry 1 (4 credits)
Overview
Chemistry : A study of the fundamental principles of atomic structure, radiation and nuclear chemistry, valence theory, coordination chemistry, and the periodic table.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: JeanMarc Gauthier, Ashok K Kakkar, Ian Sydney Butler, Ariel Fenster (Fall)
 Fall
 Prerequisites/corequisites: College level mathematics and physics or permission of instructor; CHEM 120 is not a prerequisite
 Each lab section is limited enrolment

CHEM 120 General Chemistry 2 (4 credits)
Overview
Chemistry : A study of the fundamental principles of physical chemistry.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: JeanMarc Gauthier, Mitchell Huot, Laura Pavelka, Ian Sydney Butler, Bradley Siwick (Winter)
 Winter
 Prerequisites/corequisites: College level mathematics and physics, or permission of instructor: CHEM 110 is not a prerequisite
 Each lab section is limited enrolment

PHYS 131 Mechanics and Waves (4 credits)
Overview
Physics : The basic laws and principles of Newtonian mechanics; oscillations and waves.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: Kenneth J Ragan (Fall)
 Fall
 3 hours lectures; 1 hour tutorial, 3 hours laboratory in alternate weeks; tutorial sessions
 Corequisite: MATH 139 or higher level calculus course.
 Restriction: Not open to students taking or having taken PHYS 101, CEGEP objective 00UR or equivalent
 Laboratory sections have limited enrolment

PHYS 142 Electromagnetism and Optics (4 credits)
Overview
Physics : The basic laws of electricity and magnetism; geometrical and physical optics.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: Guy Moore (Winter)
 Winter
 3 hours lectures, 3 hours laboratory in alternate weeks; tutorial sessions
 Prerequisite: PHYS 131.
 Corequisite: MATH 141 or higher level calculus course.
 Restriction: Not open to students taking or having taken PHYS 102, CEGEP objective 00UR or equivalent
 Laboratory sections have limited enrolment
One of:

BIOL 111 Principles: Organismal Biology (3 credits)
Overview
Biology (Sci) : An introduction to the phylogeny, structure, function and adaptation of unicellular organisms, plants and animals in the biosphere.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: Rudiger Krahe, Rajinder S Dhindsa, Andrew Hendry (Fall)
 Fall
 2 hours lecture and 3 hours laboratory
 Restriction: Not open to students who have taken CEGEP objective 00UK or equivalent; or BIOL 115.
 This course serves as an alternative to CEGEP objective code 00UK
 May require departmental approval.
 Open to all students wishing introductory biology.
 Attendance at first lab is mandatory to confirm registration in the course.
 This class will use a Student Response System (clicker) which can be obtained from the Bookstore.

BIOL 112 Cell and Molecular Biology (3 credits)
Overview
Biology (Sci) : The cell: ultrastructure, division, chemical constituents and reactions. Bioenergetics: photosynthesis and respiration. Principles of genetics, the molecular basis of inheritance and biotechnology.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: Joseph Alan Dent, Frieder Schöck (Winter)
 Winter
 2 hours lecture and 3.5 hours laboratory/seminar
 Restriction: Not open to students who have taken or are taking CEGEP objective 00XU or equivalent; or BIOL 115; or AEBI 122
 Attendance at first lab is mandatory to confirm registration in the course.
MATH 133 and either MATH 140/141 or MATH 150/151.

MATH 133 Linear Algebra and Geometry (3 credits)
Overview
Mathematics & Statistics (Sci) : Systems of linear equations, matrices, inverses, determinants; geometric vectors in three dimensions, dot product, cross product, lines and planes; introduction to vector spaces, linear dependence and independence, bases; quadratic loci in two and three dimensions.
Terms: Fall 2013, Winter 2014, Summer 2014
Instructors: Miljan Brakocevic, Djivede Kelome, Michael Bailey, William J Anderson (Fall) Jessica Banks, Sidney Trudeau (Winter)
 3 hours lecture, 1 hour tutorial
 Prerequisite: a course in functions
 Restriction A: Not open to students who have taken MATH 221 or CEGEP objective 00UQ or equivalent.
 Restriction B: Not open to students who have taken or are taking MATH 123, MATH 130 or MATH 131, except by permission of the Department of Mathematics and Statistics.
 Restriction C: Not open to students who are taking or have taken MATH 134.

MATH 140 Calculus 1 (3 credits)
Overview
Mathematics & Statistics (Sci) : Review of functions and graphs. Limits, continuity, derivative. Differentiation of elementary functions. Antidifferentiation. Applications.
Terms: Fall 2013, Winter 2014, Summer 2014
Instructors: Axel W Hundemer, Daniel Disegni (Fall) Stephen W Drury (Winter)
 3 hours lecture, 1 hour tutorial
 Prerequisite: High School Calculus
 Restriction: Not open to students who have taken MATH 120, MATH 139 or CEGEP objective 00UN or equivalent
 Restriction: Not open to students who have taken or are taking MATH 122 or MATH 130 or MATH 131, except by permission of the Department of Mathematics and Statistics
 Each Tutorial section is enrolment limited

MATH 141 Calculus 2 (4 credits)
Overview
Mathematics & Statistics (Sci) : The definite integral. Techniques of integration. Applications. Introduction to sequences and series.
Terms: Fall 2013, Winter 2014, Summer 2014
Instructors: Ihsan Topaloglu (Fall) Axel W Hundemer, Ronan Conlon, Michael Brandenbursky (Winter) Michael Brandenbursky (Summer)
 Prerequisites: MATH 139 or MATH 140 or MATH 150.
 Restriction: Not open to students who have taken MATH 121 or CEGEP objective 00UP or equivalent
 Restriction Note B: Not open to students who have taken or are taking MATH 122 or MATH 130 or MATH 131, except by permission of the Department of Mathematics and Statistics.
 Each Tutorial section is enrolment limited

MATH 150 Calculus A (4 credits)
Overview
Mathematics & Statistics (Sci) : Functions, limits and continuity, differentiation, L'Hospital's rule, applications, Taylor polynomials, parametric curves, functions of several variables.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: Charles Roth (Fall)
 Fall
 3 hours lecture, 2 hours tutorial
 Students with no prior exposure to vector geometry are advised to take MATH 133 concurrently. Intended for students with high school calculus who have not received six advanced placement credits
 Restriction: Not open to students who have taken CEGEP objective 00UN or equivalent
 Restriction Note B: Not open to students who have taken or are taking MATH 122 or MATH 130 or MATH 131, except by permission of the Department of Mathematics and Statistics
 MATH 150 and MATH 151 cover the material of MATH 139, MATH 140, MATH 141, MATH 222

MATH 151 Calculus B (4 credits)
Overview
Mathematics & Statistics (Sci) : Integration, methods and applications, infinite sequences and series, power series, arc length and curvature, multiple integration.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: Charles Roth (Winter)
 Winter
 3 hours lecture; 2 hours tutorial
 Each Tutorial section is enrolment limited
 Prerequisite: MATH 150
 Restriction: Not open to students who have taken CEGEP objective 00UP or equivalent
 Restriction: Not open to students who have taken or are taking MATH 122 or MATH 130 or MATH 131, except by permission of the Department of Mathematics and Statistics
 Restriction: Not open to students who have taken MATH 152
U1 Required Courses (27 credits)

MATH 247 Honours Applied Linear Algebra (3 credits)
Overview
Mathematics & Statistics (Sci) : Matrix algebra, determinants, systems of linear equations. Abstract vector spaces, inner product spaces, Fourier series. Linear transformations and their matrix representations. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors, diagonalizable and defective matrices, positive definite and semidefinite matrices. Quadratic and Hermitian forms, generalized eigenvalue problems, simultaneous reduction of quadratic forms. Applications.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: Axel W Hundemer (Winter)
 Winter
 Prerequisite: MATH 133 or equivalent.
 Restriction: Intended for Honours Physics and Engineering students
 Restriction: Not open to students who have taken or are taking MATH 236, MATH 223 or MATH 251

MATH 248 Honours Advanced Calculus (3 credits)
Overview
Mathematics & Statistics (Sci) : Partial derivatives; implicit functions; Jacobians; maxima and minima; Lagrange multipliers. Scalar and vector fields; orthogonal curvilinear coordinates. Multiple integrals; arc length, volume and surface area. Line integrals; Green's theorem; the divergence theorem. Stokes' theorem; irrotational and solenoidal fields; applications.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: Pengfei Guan (Fall)
 Fall and Winter and Summer
 Prerequisites: MATH 133 and MATH 222 or consent of Department.
 Restriction: Intended for Honours Mathematics, Physics and Engineering students
 Restriction: Not open to students who have taken or are taking MATH 314

MATH 249 Honours Complex Variables (3 credits)
Overview
Mathematics & Statistics (Sci) : Functions of a complex variable; CauchyRiemann equations; Cauchy's theorem and consequences. Taylor and Laurent expansions. Residue calculus; evaluation of real integrals; integral representation of special functions; the complex inversion integral. Conformal mapping; SchwarzChristoffel transformation; Poisson's integral formulas; applications.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: Johannes Walcher (Winter)
 Winter
 Prerequisite: MATH 248.
 Restriction: Intended for Honours Physics and Engineering students
 Restriction: Not open to students who have taken or are taking MATH 316

MATH 325 Honours Ordinary Differential Equations (3 credits)
Overview
Mathematics & Statistics (Sci) : First and second order equations, linear equations, series solutions, Frobenius method, introduction to numerical methods and to linear systems, Laplace transforms, applications.
Terms: Fall 2013, Winter 2014
Instructors: JianJun Xu (Fall) Charles Roth (Winter)
 Fall and Winter
 (306)
 Prerequisite: MATH 222.
 Restriction: Intended for Honours Mathematics, Physics and Engineering programs.
 Restriction: Not open to students who have taken MATH 263 (formerly MATH 261), MATH 315

PHYS 241 Signal Processing (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Linear circuit elements, resonance, network theorems, diodes, transistors, amplifiers, feedback, integrated circuits.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: Matthew Adam Dobbs (Winter)
 Winter
 2 hours lectures; 3 hours laboratory alternate weeks
 Prerequisite: CEGEP physics or PHYS 142.

PHYS 251 Honours Classical Mechanics 1 (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Newton's laws, work energy, angular momentum. Harmonic oscillator, forced oscillations. Inertial forces, rotating frames. Central forces, centre of mass, planetary orbits, Kepler's laws.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: Robert Brandenberger (Fall)
 Fall
 3 hours lectures
 Prerequisite: CEGEP physics or PHYS 131.
 Corequisite: MATH 222
 Restriction: Not open to students taking or having taken PHYS 230.

PHYS 257 Experimental Methods 1 (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Introductory laboratory work and data analysis as related to mechanics, optics and thermodynamics. Introduction to computers as they are employed for laboratory work, for data analysis and for numerical computation. Previous experience with computers is an asset, but is not required.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: Andreas Warburton, Edith M Engelberg (Fall)
 Fall
 6 hours of laboratory and classroom work
 Corequisite: PHYS 230 or PHYS 251

PHYS 258 Experimental Methods 2 (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Advanced laboratory work and data analysis as related to mechanics, optics and thermodynamics. Computers will be employed routinely for data analysis and for numerical computation, and, particularly, to facilitate the use of Fourier methods.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: Andreas Warburton, Edith M Engelberg (Winter)
 Winter
 6 hours of laboratory and classroom work
 Prerequisite: PHYS 257

PHYS 260 Modern Physics and Relativity (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : History of special relativity; Lorentz transformations: kinematics and dynamics; transformation of electric and magnetic forces; introduction to topics in modern physics.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: Lilian Childress (Fall)
 Fall
 3 hours lectures
 Prerequisite: CEGEP physics or PHYS 142.
 Corequisite: MATH 222
U2 Required Courses (24 credits)

MATH 375 Honours Partial Differential Equations (3 credits)
Overview
Mathematics & Statistics (Sci) : First order partial differential equations, geometric theory, classification of second order linear equations, SturmLiouville problems, orthogonal functions and Fourier series, eigenfunction expansions, separation of variables for heat, wave and Laplace equations, Green's function methods, uniqueness theorems.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: Adam Oberman (Fall)
 Fall
 Prerequisites: MATH 247 or MATH 251 or equivalent, MATH 248 or equivalent, MATH 325

PHYS 253 Thermal Physics (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Energy, work, heat; first law. Temperature, entropy; second law. Absolute zero; third law. Equilibrium, equations of state, gases, liquids, solids, magnets; phase transitions.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: Walter Reisner (Fall)
 Fall
 3 hours lectures
 Prerequisites: CEGEP physics or PHYS 131, and CEGEP chemistry or CHEM 120.
 Corequisite: MATH 222
 Restriction: Not open to students taking or having taken PHYS 232.

PHYS 350 Honours Electricity and Magnetism (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Fundamental laws of electric and magnetic fields in both integral and differential form.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: Shaun MacDonald Lovejoy (Fall)
 Fall
 3 hours lectures
 Prerequisites: MATH 248, MATH 325.
 Restriction: Honours students or permission of the instructor
 Restriction: Not open to students having taken PHYS 340

PHYS 351 Honours Classical Mechanics 2 (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Rigid bodies, angular momentum, gyroscope, moment of inertia, principal axes, Euler's equations. Coupled oscillations and normal modes. Lagrangian mechanics and applications. Hamiltonian mechanics. Topics in advanced analytical mechanics.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: Guillaume Gervais (Winter)
 Winter
 3 hours lectures
 Prerequisite: PHYS 251.
 Restriction: Not open to students who have taken PHYS 451.

PHYS 357 Honours Quantum Physics 1 (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Experimental basis for quantum mechanics; wavepackets; uncertainty principle. Hilbert space formalism. Schrodinger equation: eigenvalues and eigenvectors: applications to 1d problems including the infinite and finite potential wells and the harmonic oscillator. Tunneling. Time independent perturbation theory.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: Hong Guo (Fall)
 Fall
 3 hours lectures
 Prerequisites: MATH 223 or equivalent, and one of PHYS 230, PHYS 251, or CIVE 281
 Restriction: Honours students or permission of the instructor
 Restriction: Not open to students taking or having passed PHYS 446

PHYS 359 Honours Laboratory in Modern Physics 1 (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Advanced level experiments in modern physics stressing quantum effects and some properties of condensed matter.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: Fritz Buchinger, Dominic Ryan, Robert Rutledge (Winter)
 Winter
 6 hours
 Corequisite: PHYS 457. Honours students or permission of instructor

PHYS 362 Statistical Mechanics (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Quantum states and ensemble averages. FermiDirac, BoseEinstein and Boltzmann distribution functions and their applications.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: Jack Sankey (Winter)
 Winter
 3 hours lectures
 Prerequisites: MATH 248 or equivalents, PHYS 253.
 Restriction: Honours students, or permission of the instructor
 Restriction: Not open to students taking or having passed PHYS 333

PHYS 457 Honours Quantum Physics 2 (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Angular momentum and spin operators. Operator methods in quantum mechanics. Coupling of spin and angular momenta. Variational principles and elements of time dependent perturbation theory (the Golden Rule). Solution of the Schrodinger equation in three dimensions. Applications to the hydrogen and helium atoms and to simple problems in atomic and molecular physics.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: Tamar PeregBarnea (Winter)
 Winter
 3 hours lectures
 Prerequisite: PHYS 357
 Restriction: Honours students or permission of instructor
 Restriction: Not open to students who have taken PHYS 446
U3 Required Courses (6 credits)

PHYS 352 Honours Electromagnetic Waves (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Vector and scalar potentials; plane waves in homogeneous media; refraction and reflection; guided waves; radiation from simple systems; dipole and quadrupole radiation; introduction to fields of moving charges; synchrotron radiation; Bremsstrahlung.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: Andrew Cumming (Fall)
 Fall
 3 hours lectures
 Prerequisite: PHYS 350.
 Restriction: Honours students, or permission of the instructor

PHYS 551 Quantum Theory (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : General formulation, scattering theory, WKBJ approximation, timedependent perturbation, theory and applications, angular momentum, relativistic wave equations.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: Guy Moore (Fall)
 Fall
 3 hours lectures
 Restriction: U3 Honours students and graduate students, or permission of the instructor
U3 Complementary Courses (21 credits)
6 credits selected from:
Note: PHYS 459D1 and PHYS 459D2 are taken together.

PHYS 459D1 Honours Research Thesis (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Honours supervised research project and thesis.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: Michael Hilke, Jack Sankey (Fall)
 Fall
 6 hours
 Restriction: Honours students or permission of instructor
 Students must register for both PHYS 459D1 and PHYS 459D2.
 No credit will be given for this course unless both PHYS 459D1 and PHYS 459D2 are successfully completed in consecutive terms

PHYS 459D2 Honours Research Thesis (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : See PHYS 459D1 for course description.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: Michael Hilke, Jack Sankey (Winter)
 Winter
 Prerequisite: PHYS 459D1
 No credit will be given for this course unless both PHYS 459D1 and PHYS 459D2 are successfully completed in consecutive terms

PHYS 469 Honours Laboratory in Modern Physics 2 (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Advanced level experiments in modern physics stressing quantum effects and some properties of condensed matter. Continuation of PHYS 359.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: Fritz Buchinger, Bradley Siwick (Fall)
 Fall
 6 hours
 Restriction: Honours students or permission of instructor
 Prerequisite: PHYS 359
 Restriction: Not open to students taking PHYS 459

PHYS 479 Honours Research Project (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Honours supervised research project.
Terms: Winter 2014, Summer 2014
Instructors: Fritz Buchinger, Dominic Ryan (Winter) Fritz Buchinger (Summer)
 6 hours
 Restriction: Honours students or permission of instructor. Only open to students who have completed the U2 year in a Physics program.
Revision, July 2013. Start of revision.
15 credits selected from the list below (students may substitute one or more courses with any 3credit course approved by the Department of Physics):

PHYS 432 Physics of Fluids (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : The physical properties of fluids. The kinematics and dynamics of flow. The effects of viscosity and turbulence. Applications of fluid mechanics in biophysics, geophysics and engineering.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: James M Cline (Winter)
 Winter
 3 hours lectures
 Prerequisites: PHYS 230, MATH 223, MATH 314, MATH 315
 Restriction: Not open to students who have taken PHYS 332.

PHYS 434 Optics (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Geometrical optics, wave optics, lasers, Fourier transform spectroscopy, holography, optical data processing, stellar interferometry.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: Lilian Childress (Winter)
 Winter
 3 hours lectures
 Prerequisite: PHYS 342 or PHYS 352, or permission of the instructor

PHYS 479 Honours Research Project (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Honours supervised research project.
Terms: Winter 2014, Summer 2014
Instructors: Fritz Buchinger, Dominic Ryan (Winter) Fritz Buchinger (Summer)
 6 hours
 Restriction: Honours students or permission of instructor. Only open to students who have completed the U2 year in a Physics program.

PHYS 514 General Relativity (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Transition from special to general relativity. NonEuclidian geometry. The basic laws of Physics in covariant form, Einstein's equations. Gravitational waves; neutron stars; black holes; cosmology.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: Robert Brandenberger (Winter)
 Winter
 3 hours lectures
 Restriction: U3 Honours students and graduate students, or permission of the instructor.

PHYS 519 Advanced Biophysics (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : An advanced biophysics course, with a special emphasis on stochastic and out of equilibrium physical processes in living matter.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: Paul Francois (Winter)
 Prerequisites: (PHYS 333 or PHYS 362) and (PHYS 340 or PHYS 350), or permission of the instructor.

PHYS 521 Astrophysics (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : A quantitative course in galactic and extragalactic astrophysics. Topics include observational techniques, stars and stellar evolution, compact objects, galaxy structure, kinematics, evolution and cosmology.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: Tracy Webb (Fall)
 Fall
 3 hours
 Restriction: U3 Honours students and graduate students, or permission of the instructor

PHYS 557 Nuclear Physics (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : General nuclear properties, nucleonnucleon interaction and scattering theory, radioactivity, nuclear models, nuclear reactions.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: Sang Yong Jeon (Fall)
 Fall
 3 hours lectures
 Restriction: U3 Honours students, graduate students, or permission of the instructor

PHYS 558 Solid State Physics (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Properties of crystals; free electron model, band structure; metals, insulators and semiconductors; phonons; magnetism; selected additional topics in solidstate (e.g. ferroelectrics, elementary transport theory).
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: Aashish Clerk (Fall)
 Fall
 3 hours lectures
 Restriction: U3 Honours students, graduate students, or permission of the instructor

PHYS 559 Advanced Statistical Mechanics (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Scattering and structure factors. Review of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics; correlation functions (static); mean field theory; critical phenomena; broken symmetry; fluctuations, roughening.
Terms: Fall 2013
Instructors: William Coish (Fall)
 Fall
 3 hours lectures
 Restriction: U3 Honours students, graduate students, or permission of the instructor

PHYS 562 Electromagnetic Theory (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Electrostatics, dielectrics, magnetostatics, timevarying fields, relativity, radiating systems, fields of moving charges.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: Sang Yong Jeon (Winter)
 Winter
 3 hours lectures
 Prerequisites (Graduate): U1 or U2 Honours Physics or permission of instructor.
 Restriction: U3 Honours students, graduate students, or permission of the instructor

PHYS 567 Particle Physics (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Survey of elementary particles; hadrons, leptons and hadrons' constituents (quarks). Invariance principles and conservation laws. Detectors and accelerators. Phenomenology of strong, electromagnetic and weak interactions.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: James M Cline (Winter)
 Winter
 3 hours lectures
 Restriction: U3 Honours students, graduate students, or permission of the instructor

PHYS 580 Introduction to String Theory (3 credits)
Overview
Physics : Introduction to bosonic string theory, with application to fundamental theories of particle physics. Gravity and electromagnetism in extra dimensions, dynamics of classical and quantum strings, worldsheet parametrization, conserved currents, lightcone gauge, string thermodynamics and black holes, Dbranes.
Terms: Winter 2014
Instructors: Johannes Walcher (Winter)
 Winter
 Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.
 Restriction: U3 Honours students, graduate students, or permission of the instructor.
Revision, July 2013. End of revision.