Normally, the final mark for any practical examination is the average of all the marks submitted by the individual examiners. In addition, however, at least half of the examiners on the panel must pass the student in order to continue to the next level of examination. (N.B.: the passing grade in the L.Mus. and Artist Diploma programs is A-; in the Major Performance programs, it is B-.) In instances where the average mark is a passing grade but a majority of the panel has failed the student, the final mark will be the letter grade immediately below the required passing grade.