'Perceptions of Autonomy Support in Individualist and Collectivist Cultures' - PSYC 396 Undergraduate Research Project Application Form
INSTRUCTIONS - PROFESSORS: Please print and review this form. Complete or correct the sections, as applicable, from "Supervisor's Name" to "Ethics, safety, and training". Please sign and date near the bottom ("Supervisor's signature").
INSTRUCTIONS - STUDENTS: You may receive this form by email, or you may download it after it has been posted here. Either way, print and review this form. Complete or correct the sections, from "Student's Name" to "Student's Level", and sign ("Student signature"). Ask your supervisor to sign her/his section near the bottom. Take it to the department* corresponding to the course number in Section A; this may or may not be your own department. (* EXCEPTIONS: For NSCI 396 and COGS 396, please bring it to the Interdisciplinary Programs Adviser in Dawson Hall.) Do not register for a '396' course on Minerva until you receive departmental permission. Have a discussion with your supervisor about time/work expectations, keeping in mind that this is a 3-credit course (roughly, 10 hours per week for 12 weeks). Remember that a '396' course is an elective.
INSTRUCTIONS - DEPARTMENTS: After the unit chair/director/designate approves (or not) this project, please notify student. If approved, please give student permission to register on Minerva, and send a copy of this form (with signatures) to the Office for Undergraduate Research in Science (either fax, or internal mail to Dawson Hall 408-A, or PDF scan + email).
QUESTIONS OR FEEDBACK? Contact the Office for Undergraduate Research in Science.
Supervisor's Name: Richard Koestner
Supervisor's Email: richard [dot] koestner [at] mcgill [dot] ca
Supervisor's Phone: 514-398-6110
Supervisor's Website: http://www.psych.mcgill.ca/faculty/koestner.html
Supervisor's department: Psychology
Course number: PSYC 396 (Psychology)
Term: Winter 2012-2013
Project start date: Monday, January 7, 2013
Project end date: Tuesday, April 16, 2013
Project title: Perceptions of Autonomy Support in Individualist and Collectivist Cultures
Project description:According to Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 2013), social support from a superior to a subordinate can be delivered in an autonomy supportive, controlling, or relatively neutral manner. In the case of parents supporting their children, controlling parenting styles have been associated with poor school achievement among European-Americans. However, Chinese students tend to excel in school, despite the fact that Chinese parenting is often described as controlling. It is hypothesized that notions of autonomy support and control are perhaps most relevant to individualist cultures, and may not be as applicable to people within East Asian, and other collectivist cultures.
This study seeks to determine if and how we perceive something as autonomy supportive or controlling depends on our cultural orientation. Specifically, we plan to examine whether young adults from individualist and collectivist cultures perceive autonomy supportive and controlling forms of mentoring to be effective and/or motivating. The participants will be students, half from Malaysia, and half from Canada.
Through an online survey, participants will be presented with scenarios from the General Causality Orientation Scale (Ryan & Deci, 1980.). Each scenario involves a superior (a teacher, or manager,) making a decision about how to enhance the motivation to a subordinate, along with various responses each superior can make. Some responses will be autonomy supportive, some will be controlling, while others will be neutral. Participants will then evaluate the effectiveness of each response, in terms of the subordinate's 1) well-being 2) success in life and 3) motivation. Finally, they will describe their own cultural background, including the support style(s) they have received from their own parents and superiors.
T-tests and analyses of variance will be performed to test whether there are any cultural differences in the perception of various mentoring styles.
The student will administer the study for the Canadian participants, while Dr. Chua Sook Ning will administer the study for the Malaysian participants. The student will help design the survey and the associated forms. He will then recruit the Canadian participants, run and monitor the survey, collect the data, and analyse it. Finally, he will write a research report of his findings.
Prerequisite: 1 term completed at McGill + CGPA of 3.0 or higher; or permission of instructor.
Grading scheme (The final report must be worth at least 50% of final grade): The final report will be worth 75% of the course grade, whereas preliminary work will count for 25%.
Project status: This project is taken. The professor has no more '396' projects this term.
How students can apply: N/A; this project is filled.
Ethics, safety, and training: Supervisors are responsible for the ethics and safety compliance of undergraduate students. This project involves: Human subjects.